Introduction to Pharmaceutical Chemical Analysis

Author: Steen Honor? Hansen,Stig Pedersen-Bjergaard,Knut Rasmussen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470661216

Category: Medical

Page: 494

View: 1359

This textbook is the first to present a systematic introduction to chemical analysis of pharmaceutical raw materials, finished pharmaceutical products, and of drugs in biological fluids, which are carried out in pharmaceutical laboratories worldwide. In addition, this textbook teaches the fundamentals of all the major analytical techniques used in the pharmaceutical laboratory, and teaches the international pharmacopoeias and guidelines of importance for the field. It is primarily intended for the pharmacy student, to teach the requirements in “analytical chemistry” for the 5 years pharmacy curriculum, but the textbook is also intended for analytical chemists moving into the field of pharmaceutical analysis. Addresses the basic concepts, then establishes the foundations for the common analytical methods that are currently used in the quantitative and qualitative chemical analysis of pharmaceutical drugs Provides an understanding of common analytical techniques used in all areas of pharmaceutical development Suitable for a foundation course in chemical and pharmaceutical sciences Aimed at undergraduate students of degrees in Pharmaceutical Science/Chemistry Analytical Science/Chemistry, Forensic analysis Includes many illustrative examples
Posted in Medical

Introduction to Pharmaceutical Chemical Analysis

Author: Steen Honor? Hansen,Stig Pedersen-Bjergaard,Knut Rasmussen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119954339

Category: Science

Page: 624

View: 4949

This textbook is the first to present a systematic introduction to chemical analysis of pharmaceutical raw materials, finished pharmaceutical products, and of drugs in biological fluids, which are carried out in pharmaceutical laboratories worldwide. In addition, this textbook teaches the fundamentals of all the major analytical techniques used in the pharmaceutical laboratory, and teaches the international pharmacopoeias and guidelines of importance for the field. It is primarily intended for the pharmacy student, to teach the requirements in “analytical chemistry” for the 5 years pharmacy curriculum, but the textbook is also intended for analytical chemists moving into the field of pharmaceutical analysis. Addresses the basic concepts, then establishes the foundations for the common analytical methods that are currently used in the quantitative and qualitative chemical analysis of pharmaceutical drugs Provides an understanding of common analytical techniques used in all areas of pharmaceutical development Suitable for a foundation course in chemical and pharmaceutical sciences Aimed at undergraduate students of degrees in Pharmaceutical Science/Chemistry Analytical Science/Chemistry, Forensic analysis Includes many illustrative examples
Posted in Science

Introduction to Pharmaceutical Chemical Analysis

Author: Steen Honor? Hansen,Stig Pedersen-Bjergaard,Knut Rasmussen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470661224

Category: Medical

Page: 494

View: 6194

This textbook is the first to present a systematic introduction to chemical analysis of pharmaceutical raw materials, finished pharmaceutical products, and of drugs in biological fluids, which are carried out in pharmaceutical laboratories worldwide. In addition, this textbook teaches the fundamentals of all the major analytical techniques used in the pharmaceutical laboratory, and teaches the international pharmacopoeias and guidelines of importance for the field. It is primarily intended for the pharmacy student, to teach the requirements in “analytical chemistry” for the 5 years pharmacy curriculum, but the textbook is also intended for analytical chemists moving into the field of pharmaceutical analysis. Addresses the basic concepts, then establishes the foundations for the common analytical methods that are currently used in the quantitative and qualitative chemical analysis of pharmaceutical drugs Provides an understanding of common analytical techniques used in all areas of pharmaceutical development Suitable for a foundation course in chemical and pharmaceutical sciences Aimed at undergraduate students of degrees in Pharmaceutical Science/Chemistry Analytical Science/Chemistry, Forensic analysis Includes many illustrative examples
Posted in Medical

Pharmaceutical Analysis

Author: P. D. Chaithanya Sudha

Publisher: Pearson Education India

ISBN: 8131799506

Category:

Page: 668

View: 3040

Pharmaceutical Analysis is a compulsory subject offered to all the under graduate students of Pharmacy. This book on Pharmaceutical Analysis has been designed considering the syllabi requirements laid down by AICTE and other premier institutes/universities. The book covers both the Titrimetric and Instrumental aspects of Pharmaceutical analysis which is helpful for use in multiple semesters.
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Pharmaceutical Analysis

A Textbook for Pharmacy Students and Pharmaceutical Chemists

Author: David G. Watson

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702069884

Category: Medical

Page: 480

View: 481

Pharmaceutical analysis determines the purity, concentration, active compounds, shelf life, rate of absorption in the body, identity, stability, rate of release etc. of a drug. Testing a pharmaceutical product involves a variety of chemical, physical and microbiological analyses. It is reckoned that over £10 billion is spent annually in the UK alone on pharmaceutical analysis, and the analytical processes described in this book are used in industries as diverse as food, beverages, cosmetics, detergents, metals, paints, water, agrochemicals, biotechnological products and pharmaceuticals. This is the key textbook in pharmaceutical analysis, now revised and updated for its fourth edition. Worked calculation examples Self-assessment Additional problems (self tests) Practical boxes Key points boxes New chapter on Biotech products. New chapter on electrochemical methods in diagnostics. Greatly extended chapter on molecular emission spectroscopy to accommodate developments and innovations in the area. Now on StudentConsult
Posted in Medical

Method Validation in Pharmaceutical Analysis

A Guide to Best Practice

Author: Joachim Ermer,Phil W. Nethercote

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527672184

Category: Medical

Page: 440

View: 7609

This second edition of a global bestseller has been completely redesigned and extensively rewritten to take into account the new Quality by Design (QbD) and lifecycle concepts in pharmaceutical manufacturing. As in the first edition, the fundamental requirements for analytical method validation are covered, but the second edition describes how these are applied systematically throughout the entire analytical lifecycle. QbD principles require adoption of a systematic approach to development and validation that begin with predefined objectives. For analytical methods these predefined objectives are established as an Analytical Target Profile (ATP). The book chapters are aligned with recently introduced standards and guidelines for manufacturing processes validation and follow the three stages of the analytical lifecycle: Method Design, Method Performance Qualification, and Continued Method Performance Verification. Case studies and examples from the pharmaceutical industry illustrate the concepts and guidelines presented, and the standards and regulations from the US (FDA), European (EMA) and global (ICH) regulatory authorities are considered throughout. The undisputed gold standard in the field.
Posted in Medical

Essentials of Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Author: Donald Cairns

Publisher: Pharmaceutical Press

ISBN: 0853699798

Category: Medical

Page: 308

View: 7040

An introduction to pharmaceutical chemistry for undergraduate pharmacy, chemistry and medicinal chemistry students. Essentials of Pharmaceutical Chemistry is a chemistry introduction that covers all of the core material necessary to provide an understanding of the basic chemistry of drug molecules. Now a core text on many university courses, it contains numerous worked examples and problems. The 4th edition includes new chapters on Chromatographic Methods of Analysis, and Medicinal Chemistry - The Science of Drug Design.
Posted in Medical

Review of Organic Functional Groups

Introduction to Medicinal Organic Chemistry

Author: Thomas L. Lemke

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 9780781743815

Category: Medical

Page: 156

View: 5091

Designed to be used as a self-paced review, this text outlines the functional groups common to organic chemistry, reviewing the general topics of nomenclature, physical and chemical properties, and metabolism. The text provides background material for the formal pharmacy courses in medicinal chemistry, easing the transition from general organic chemistry courses required of all pre-pharmacy students. The Fourth Edition will include a workbook on CD-ROM as well as an index on general drug metabolism. Students who use this text are able to complete difficult tasks such as: drawing a chemical structure or official chemical name; predicting solubility of chemicals in liquids; predicting and showing, with chemical structures, the metabolism of organic functional groups; predicting and showing instabilities, with chemical structures.
Posted in Medical

FASTtrack: Chemistry of Drugs

Author: David Barlow,David Mountford

Publisher: Pharmaceutical Press

ISBN: 0857110837

Category: Medical

Page: 272

View: 1872

A revision guide on pharmaceutical and medicinal chemistry. The book covers all aspects of the chemistry of drugs and includes key points, tips, and self-assessment questions to aid in learning.
Posted in Medical

Thermodynamics of Pharmaceutical Systems

An Introduction for Students of Pharmacy

Author: Kenneth A. Connors

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471461393

Category: Medical

Page: 360

View: 2094

Studies of thermodynamics often fail to demonstrate how the mathematical intricacies of the subject relate to practical laboratory applications. Thermodynamics of Pharmaceutical Systems makes these connections clear, emphasizing specific applications to pharmaceutical systems in a study created specifically for contemporary curriculums at colleges of pharmacy. Students investigating drug discovery, drug delivery, and drug action will benefit from Kenneth Connors’s authoritative treatment of the fundamentals of thermodynamics as well as his attention to drug molecules and experimental considerations. An extensive appendix that reviews the mathematics needed to master the pharmacy curriculum proves an invaluable reference. Connors divides his one-of-a-kind text into three sections: Basic Thermodynamics, Thermodynamics of Physical Processes, and Thermodynamics of Chemical Processes; chapters include: Energy and the First Law of Thermodynamics The Entropy Concept Phase Transformations Solubility Acid-Base Equilibria Noncovalent Binding Equilibria Thermodynamics need not be a mystery nor be confined to the realm of mathematical theory. Thermodynamics of Pharmaceutical Systems introduces students of pharmacy to the profound thermodynamic applications in the laboratory while also serving as a handy resource for practicing researchers.
Posted in Medical

An Introduction to Medicinal Chemistry

Author: Graham Patrick

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198749694

Category: Pharmaceutical chemistry

Page: 832

View: 2641

For many people, taking some form of medication is part of everyday life, whether for mild or severe illness, acute or chronic disease, to target infection or to relieve pain. However for most it remains a mystery as to what happens once the drug has been taken into the body: how do the drugs actually work? Furthermore, by what processes are new drugs discovered and brought to market?An Introduction to Medicinal Chemistry, sixthedition, provides an accessible and comprehensive account of this fascinating multidisciplinary field. Assuming little prior knowledge, the text is ideal for those studying the subject for the first time. Inaddition to covering the key principles of drug design and drug action, the text also discusses important current topics in medicinal chemistry. The subject is brought to life throughout by engaging case studies highlighting particular classes of drugs, and the stories behind their discovery and development.
Posted in Pharmaceutical chemistry

Thermodynamics of Pharmaceutical Systems

An introduction to Theory and Applications

Author: Kenneth A. Connors,Sandro Mecozzi

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470567517

Category: Medical

Page: 384

View: 5762

Designed for pharmacy students Now updated for its Second Edition, Thermodynamics of Pharmaceutical Systems provides pharmacy students with a much-needed introduction to the mathematical intricacies of thermodynamics in relation to practical laboratory applications. Designed to meet the needs of the contemporary curriculum in pharmacy schools, the text makes these connections clear, emphasizing specific applications to pharmaceutical systems including dosage forms and newer drug delivery systems. Students and practitioners involved in drug discovery, drug delivery, and drug action will benefit from Connors' and Mecozzi's authoritative treatment of the fundamentals of thermodynamics as well as their attention to drug molecules and experimental considerations. They will appreciate, as well, the significant revisions to the Second Edition. Expanding the book's scope and usefulness, the new edition: Explores in greater depth topics most relevant to the pharmacist such as drug discovery and drug delivery, supramolecular chemistry, molecular recognition, and nanotechnologies Moves the popular review of mathematics, formerly an appendix, to the front of the book Adds new textual material and figures in several places, most notably in the chapter treating noncovalent chemical interactions Two new appendices provide ancillary material that expands on certain matters bordering the subject of classical thermodynamics Thermodynamics need not be a mystery nor confined to the realm of mathematical theory. Thermodynamics of Pharmaceutical Systems, Second Edition demystifies for students the profound thermodynamic applications in the laboratory while also serving as a handy resource for practicing researchers.
Posted in Medical

Reviews in Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis

Author: Paraskevas D. Tzanavaras,Constantinos K. Zacharis

Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers

ISBN: 1608051900

Category: Science

Page: 151

View: 9742

Reviews in Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis - Reviews in Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis contains coverage and review of new trends and applications in all areas of pharmaceutical, biomedical and analytical chemistry. Authors have contributed review articles according to their expertise on various relevant topics. The book's aim is to cover important instrumental analytical methods that are applied to the analysis of compounds with pharmaceutical and biomedical interest, including liquid and gas chromatography, electrophoresis & related techniques, mass spectrometry, hyphenated techniques, automated analytical techniques, spectrometry, luminescence, electroanalysis etc. Since the analysis of pharmaceuticals in a variety of matrices (formulations, biological material, environmental samples) is and will continue to be a "hot" topic, such a review book will be of interest to a very broad spectrum of scientists involved in chemistry and medicine.
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Practical Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Part II Fourth Edition

Author: A. H. Beckett,J. B. Stenlake

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780485113235

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 8353

This Fourth Edition has been thoroughly revised and updated to take account of international developments in pharaceutical chemistry and to maintain the position of Practical Pharmaceutical Chemistry as the leading University textbook in the field of pharaceutical analysis and quality control. Part 2 deals with physical techniques of analysis for more advanced courses. It gives a broad coverage of the most widely used techniques in quantative chromatography. The treatmentof spectroscopy and radiopharmaceuticals has also been increased. Thre are additional chapters on the contribution and role of physical methods of analysis in the various stages of drug development; and a series of workshop-style exercises, illustrating the application of spectroscopic techniques in structural elucidation and verification of identity. Users of the two volumes will welcome the internationalisation of the text, with examples based on drugs and dosage forms that are widespread and in commun use in human medicine in Britain, continental Europe and North America. Additionally there is some reference to veterinary pharmaceuticals where they provide appropriate examples.
Posted in Science

NMR Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical Analysis

Author: Iwona Wawer,Bernd Diehl

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 008095152X

Category: Science

Page: 528

View: 9649

For almost a decade, quantitative NMR spectroscopy (qNMR) has been established as valuable tool in drug analysis. In all disciplines, i. e. drug identification, impurity profiling and assay, qNMR can be utilized. Separation techniques such as high performance liquid chromatography, gas chromatography, super fluid chromatography and capillary electrophoresis techniques, govern the purity evaluation of drugs. However, these techniques are not always able to solve the analytical problems often resulting in insufficient methods. Nevertheless such methods find their way into international pharmacopoeias. Thus, the aim of the book is to describe the possibilities of qNMR in pharmaceutical analysis. Beside the introduction to the physical fundamentals and techniques the principles of the application in drug analysis are described: quality evaluation of drugs, polymer characterization, natural products and corresponding reference compounds, metabolism, and solid phase NMR spectroscopy for the characterization drug substances, e.g. the water content, polymorphism, and drug formulations, e.g. tablets, powders. This part is accompanied by more special chapters dealing with representative examples. They give more detailed information by means of concrete examples. Combines theory, techniques, and concrete applications—all of which closely resemble the laboratory experience Considers international pharmacopoeias, addressing the concern for licensing Features the work of academics and researchers, appealing to a broad readership
Posted in Science

Analysis, Removal, Effects and Risk of Pharmaceuticals in the Water Cycle

Occurrence and Transformation in the Environment

Author: N.A

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0444626948

Category: Science

Page: 600

View: 2165

Analysis, Removal, Effects and Risk of Pharmaceuticals in the Water Cycle provides an overview of the current analytical methods for trace determination of pharmaceuticals in environmental samples. The book also reviews the fate and occurrence of pharmaceuticals in the water cycle for their elimination in wastewater and drinking water treatment, focusing on the newest developments in treatment technologies, such as membrane bioreactors and advanced oxidation processes. Pharmaceutically active substances are a class of new, so-called emerging contaminants that have raised great concern in recent years. Human and veterinary drugs are continuously being released into the environment mainly as a result of the manufacturing processes, the disposal of unused or expired products, and via excreta. The analytical methodology for the determination of trace pharmaceuticals in complex environmental matrices is still evolving, and the number of methods described in the literature has grown considerably. This volume leads the way, keeping chemistry students, toxicologists, engineers, wastewater managers and related professionals current with developments in this quickly evolving area. Covers the latest developments in trace determinations Concise and critical compilation of the recent literature Focuses on new treatment technologies
Posted in Science

Robustness of Analytical Chemical Methods and Pharmaceutical Technological Products

Author: M.M.W.B. Hendriks,J.H. de Boer,A.K. Smilde

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080540634

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 345

View: 6240

In analytical chemistry and pharmaceutical technology attention is increasingly focussed on improving the quality of methods and products. This book aims at fostering the awareness of the potential of existing mathematical and statistical methods to improve this quality. It provides procedures and ideas on how to make a product or a method less sensitive to small variations in influencing factors. Major issues covered are robustness and stability improvement and ruggedness testing. General strategies and a theoretical introduction to these methods are described, and thorough overviews of methods used in both application areas and descriptions of practical applications are given. Features of this book: • Gives a good overview of mathematical and statistical methods used in two application areas, i.e. pharmaceutical technology and analytical chemistry • Illustrates the different approaches available to attain robustness • Gives ideas on how to use methods in practical situations. The book is intended for those who develop and optimize, and are responsible for the overall quality of, analytical methods and pharmaceutical technological products and procedures.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Introduction to Multivariate Statistical Analysis in Chemometrics

Author: Kurt Varmuza,Peter Filzmoser

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420059496

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 3768

Using formal descriptions, graphical illustrations, practical examples, and R software tools, Introduction to Multivariate Statistical Analysis in Chemometrics presents simple yet thorough explanations of the most important multivariate statistical methods for analyzing chemical data. It includes discussions of various statistical methods, such as principal component analysis, regression analysis, classification methods, and clustering. Written by a chemometrician and a statistician, the book reflects the practical approach of chemometrics and the more formally oriented one of statistics. To enable a better understanding of the statistical methods, the authors apply them to real data examples from chemistry. They also examine results of the different methods, comparing traditional approaches with their robust counterparts. In addition, the authors use the freely available R package to implement methods, encouraging readers to go through the examples and adapt the procedures to their own problems. Focusing on the practicality of the methods and the validity of the results, this book offers concise mathematical descriptions of many multivariate methods and employs graphical schemes to visualize key concepts. It effectively imparts a basic understanding of how to apply statistical methods to multivariate scientific data.
Posted in Science

The Life-Cycle of Pharmaceuticals in the Environment

Author: B.M. Peake,R. Braund,Alfred Tong,Louis A Tremblay

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 190881845X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 268

View: 392

The Life-Cycle of Pharmaceuticals in the Environment identifies pathways of entry of pharmaceuticals into the environment, beginning with the role of global prescribing and disposal practices. The book then discusses typical levels of common pharmaceuticals and how they can be determined in natural waters such as raw and treated sewage, and in potable water. In addition, sections examine methods currently available to degrade pharmaceuticals in natural waters and some of their ecotoxicological impacts, along with future considerations and the growing concept of product stewardship. Encompasses the full lifecycle of common pharmaceuticals, from prescription and dispensing practices to their occurrence in a range of different types of natural waters and their environmental impact Explores the role of the healthcare system and its affect on users Beneficial for environmental engineers involved in the design and operation of appropriate degradation technologies of the pharmaceutical prescription and disposal practices
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Solid-State Properties of Pharmaceutical Materials

Author: Stephen R. Byrn,George Zografi,Xiaoming (Sean) Chen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119264448

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 3164

Presents a detailed discussion of important solid-state properties, methods, and applications of solid-state analysis Illustrates the various phases or forms that solids can assume and discussesvarious issues related to the relative stability of solid forms and tendencies to undergo transformation Covers key methods of solid state analysis including X-ray powder diffraction, thermal analysis, microscopy, spectroscopy, and solid state NMR Reviews critical physical attributes of pharmaceutical materials, mainly related to drug substances, including particle size/surface area, hygroscopicity, mechanical properties, solubility, and physical and chemical stability Showcases the application of solid state material science in rational selection of drug solid forms, analysis of various solid forms within drug substance and the drug product, and pharmaceutical product development Introduces appropriate manufacturing and control procedures using Quality by Design, and other strategies that lead to safe and effective products with a minimum of resources and time
Posted in Science