Written with a straightforward and student-centred approach, this extensively revised, updated and enlarged edition presents a thorough coverage of the various aspects of parallel processing including parallel processing architectures, programmability issues, data dependency analysis, shared memory programming, thread-based implementation, distributed computing, algorithms, parallel programming languages, debugging, parallelism paradigms, distributed databases as well as distributed operating systems. The book, now in its second edition, not only provides sufficient practical exposure to the programming issues but also enables its readers to make realistic attempts at writing parallel programs using easily available software tools. With all the latest information incorporated and several key pedagogical attributes included, this textbook is an invaluable learning tool for the undergraduate and postgraduate students of computer science and engineering. It also caters to the students pursuing master of computer application. What’s New to the Second Edition • A new chapter named Using Parallelism Effectively has been added covering a case study of parallelising a sorting program, and introducing commonly used parallelism models. • Sections describing the map-reduce model, top-500.org initiative, Indian efforts in supercomputing, OpenMP system for shared memory programming, etc. have been added. • Numerous sections have been updated with current information. • Several questions have been incorporated in the chapter-end exercises to guide students from examination and practice points of view.
Author: M. Sasikumar,Dinesh Shikhare,Ravi P. Prakash
Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
THE CONTEXT OF PARALLEL PROCESSING The field of digital computer architecture has grown explosively in the past two decades. Through a steady stream of experimental research, tool-building efforts, and theoretical studies, the design of an instruction-set architecture, once considered an art, has been transformed into one of the most quantitative branches of computer technology. At the same time, better understanding of various forms of concurrency, from standard pipelining to massive parallelism, and invention of architectural structures to support a reasonably efficient and user-friendly programming model for such systems, has allowed hardware performance to continue its exponential growth. This trend is expected to continue in the near future. This explosive growth, linked with the expectation that performance will continue its exponential rise with each new generation of hardware and that (in stark contrast to software) computer hardware will function correctly as soon as it comes off the assembly line, has its down side. It has led to unprecedented hardware complexity and almost intolerable dev- opment costs. The challenge facing current and future computer designers is to institute simplicity where we now have complexity; to use fundamental theories being developed in this area to gain performance and ease-of-use benefits from simpler circuits; to understand the interplay between technological capabilities and limitations, on the one hand, and design decisions based on user and application requirements on the other.
Algorithms and Architectures
Author: Behrooz Parhami
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Business & Economics
From the days of vacuum tubes, today's computers have come a long way in CPU power. Order of magnitude increase in computational power is now being realized using the technology of parallel processing. The area of parallel processing is exciting, challenging and, perhaps, intimidating. This compact and lucidly written book gives the readers an overview of parallel processing, exploring the interesting landmarks in detail and providing them with sufficient practical exposure to the programming issues. This enables them to make realistic attempts at writing parallel programs using the available software tools. The book systematically covers such topics as shared memory programming using threads and processes, distributed memory programming using PVM and RPC, data dependency analysis, parallel algorithms, parallel programming languages, distributed data-bases and operating systems, and debugging of parallel programs. It is an ideal textbook for courses on parallel programming at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels. It will also be useful for computer professionals interested in exploring the field of parallel computing.
Author: P. RAVI PRAKASH,M. SASIKUMAR,DINESH SHIKHARE
Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
In the last few years, courses on parallel computation have been developed and offered in many institutions in the UK, Europe and US as a recognition of the growing significance of this topic in mathematics and computer science. There is a clear need for texts that meet the needs of students and lecturers and this book, based on the author's lecture at ETH Zurich, is an ideal practical student guide to scientific computing on parallel computers working up from a hardware instruction level, to shared memory machines, and finally to distributed memory machines. Aimed at advanced undergraduate and graduate students in applied mathematics, computer science, and engineering, subjects covered include linear algebra, fast Fourier transform, and Monte-Carlo simulations, including examples in C and, in some cases, Fortran. This book is also ideal for practitioners and programmers.
A practical guide with examples in C
Author: Wesley Petersen,Peter Arbenz
Publisher: OUP Oxford
A complete source of information on almost all aspects of parallel computing from introduction, to architectures, to programming paradigms, to algorithms, to programming standards. It covers traditional Computer Science algorithms, scientific computing algorithms and data intensive algorithms.
Author: Ananth Grama,Vipin Kumar,Anshul Gupta,George Karypis
Publisher: Pearson Education
A comprehensive guide for students and practitioners to parallel computing models, processes, metrics, and implementation in MPI and OpenMP.
Author: Zbigniew J. Czech
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Author: John A. Sharp
Publisher: Alfred Waller Limited
Introduction to Parallel Programming focuses on the techniques, processes, methodologies, and approaches involved in parallel programming. The book first offers information on Fortran, hardware and operating system models, and processes, shared memory, and simple parallel programs. Discussions focus on processes and processors, joining processes, shared memory, time-sharing with multiple processors, hardware, loops, passing arguments in function/subroutine calls, program structure, and arithmetic expressions. The text then elaborates on basic parallel programming techniques, barriers and race conditions, and nested loops. The manuscript takes a look at overcoming data dependencies, scheduling summary, linear recurrence relations, and performance tuning. Topics include parallel programming and the structure of programs, effect of the number of processes on overhead, loop splitting, indirect scheduling, block scheduling and forward dependency, and induction variable. The publication is a valuable reference for researchers interested in parallel programming.
Author: Steven Brawer
Publisher: Academic Press
Advancements in microprocessor architecture, interconnection technology, and software development have fueled rapid growth in parallel and distributed computing. However, this development is only of practical benefit if it is accompanied by progress in the design, analysis and programming of parallel algorithms. This concise textbook provides, in one place, three mainstream parallelization approaches, Open MPP, MPI and OpenCL, for multicore computers, interconnected computers and graphical processing units. An overview of practical parallel computing and principles will enable the reader to design efficient parallel programs for solving various computational problems on state-of-the-art personal computers and computing clusters. Topics covered range from parallel algorithms, programming tools, OpenMP, MPI and OpenCL, followed by experimental measurements of parallel programs’ run-times, and by engineering analysis of obtained results for improved parallel execution performances. Many examples and exercises support the exposition.
From Algorithms to Programming on State-of-the-Art Platforms
Author: Roman Trobec,Boštjan Slivnik,Patricio Bulić,Borut Robič
Message Passing Interface (MPI) ist ein Protokoll, das parallel Berechnungen auf verteilten, heterogenen, lose-gekoppelten Computersystemen ermöglicht.
Portable parallele Programmierung mit dem Message-Passing Interface
Author: William Gropp,Ewing Lusk,Anthony Skjellum
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Parallel algorithms Made Easy The complexity of today's applications coupled with the widespread use of parallel computing has made the design and analysis of parallel algorithms topics of growing interest. This volume fills a need in the field for an introductory treatment of parallel algorithms-appropriate even at the undergraduate level, where no other textbooks on the subject exist. It features a systematic approach to the latest design techniques, providing analysis and implementation details for each parallel algorithm described in the book. Introduction to Parallel Algorithms covers foundations of parallel computing; parallel algorithms for trees and graphs; parallel algorithms for sorting, searching, and merging; and numerical algorithms. This remarkable book: * Presents basic concepts in clear and simple terms * Incorporates numerous examples to enhance students' understanding * Shows how to develop parallel algorithms for all classical problems in computer science, mathematics, and engineering * Employs extensive illustrations of new design techniques * Discusses parallel algorithms in the context of PRAM model * Includes end-of-chapter exercises and detailed references on parallel computing. This book enables universities to offer parallel algorithm courses at the senior undergraduate level in computer science and engineering. It is also an invaluable text/reference for graduate students, scientists, and engineers in computer science, mathematics, and engineering.
Author: C. Xavier,S. S. Iyengar
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Computer architecture deals with the physical configuration, logical structure, formats, protocols, and operational sequences for processing data, controlling the configuration, and controlling the operations over a computer. It also encompasses word lengths, instruction codes, and the interrelationships among the main parts of a computer or group of computers. This two-volume set offers a comprehensive coverage of the field of computer organization and architecture.
Author: Hesham El-Rewini,Mostafa Abd-El-Barr
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
An introduction to parallel programming with openmpi using C. It is written so that someone with even a basic understanding of programming can begin to write mpi based parallel programs.
Author: Scott L. Hamilton
Mathematics of Computing -- Parallelism.
Author: T. G. Lewis,Theodore Gyle Lewis,Hesham El-Rewini,In-Kyu Kim
Mathematics of Computing -- Parallelism.
Author: Peter S. Pacheco
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann
If you need to learn CUDA but don't have experience with parallel computing, CUDA Programming: A Developer's Introduction offers a detailed guide to CUDA with a grounding in parallel fundamentals. It starts by introducing CUDA and bringing you up to speed on GPU parallelism and hardware, then delving into CUDA installation. Chapters on core concepts including threads, blocks, grids, and memory focus on both parallel and CUDA-specific issues. Later, the book demonstrates CUDA in practice for optimizing applications, adjusting to new hardware, and solving common problems. Comprehensive introduction to parallel programming with CUDA, for readers new to both Detailed instructions help readers optimize the CUDA software development kit Practical techniques illustrate working with memory, threads, algorithms, resources, and more Covers CUDA on multiple hardware platforms: Mac, Linux and Windows with several NVIDIA chipsets Each chapter includes exercises to test reader knowledge
A Developer's Guide to Parallel Computing with GPUs
Author: Shane Cook
Matlab is one of the most widely used mathematical computing environments in technical computing. It has an interactive environment which provides high performance computing (HPC) procedures and easy to use. Parallel computing with Matlab has been an interested area for scientists of parallel computing researches for a number of years. Where there are many attempts to parallel Matlab. In this book, we will present most of the past, present attempts of parallel Matlab such as MatlabMPI, bcMPI, pMatlab, Star-P and PCT. Also, we will expect the future attempts. Finally, This book is for readers which have a basic knowledge in Matlab. I expect after reading this book you will able to solve any problem using Parallel Matlab
Author: Zaid Alyasseri
Publisher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
New approaches to parallel computing are being developed that make better use of the heterogeneous cluster architecture Provides a detailed introduction to parallel computing on heterogenous clusters All concepts and algorithms are illustrated with working programs that can be compiled and executed on any cluster The algorithms discussed have practical applications in a range of real-life parallel computing problems, such as the N-body problem, portfolio management, and the modeling of oil extraction
Author: Alexey Lastovetsky
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons