Introduction to Many-Body Physics

Author: Piers Coleman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521864887

Category: Science

Page: 810

View: 8852

Explains the tools and concepts needed for a research-level understanding of the subject, for graduate students in condensed matter physics.
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Introduction to Computational Methods in Many Body Physics

Author: Michael Bonitz,Dirk Semkat

Publisher: Rinton PressInc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 5409

This book is a multi-purpose and "user-friendly" textbook covering both fundamentals (in thermodynamics and statistical mechanics) and numerous applications. The emphasis is on simple derivations of simple results which can be compared with experimental data. The first half of the book covers basic thermodynamics, statistical ensembles, Boltzmann and quantum statistics; and the second half covers magnetism, electrostatic interactions (solutions and plasmas), non-equilibrium statistical mechanics, polymers, superfluidity, renormalization theory, and other specialized topics. This book, while serving well as a reference book for research scientists, is especially suitable as a textbook for a one-year statistical mechanics course for undergraduate students in physics, chemistry, engineering, biology, and material sciences. Alternatively, the first 5 chapters of the book can be used as the textbook for an undergraduate one-semester combined thermodynamics/statistical mechanics course (or statistical thermodynamics).
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Many-Body Quantum Theory in Condensed Matter Physics

An Introduction

Author: Henrik Bruus,Karsten Flensberg

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198566336

Category: Science

Page: 435

View: 5370

The book is an introduction to quantum field theory applied to condensed matter physics. The topics cover modern applications in electron systems and electronic properties of mesoscopic systems and nanosystems. The textbook is developed for a graduate or advanced undergraduate course with exercises which aim at giving students the ability to confront real problems.
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Introduction to the Statistical Physics of Integrable Many-body Systems

Author: Ladislav Šamaj,Zoltán Bajnok

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107030439

Category: Science

Page: 523

View: 5516

"Including topics not traditionally covered in the literature, such as (1 + 1)- dimensional quantum field theory and classical two-dimensional Coulomb gases, this book considers a wide range of models and demonstrates a number of situations to which theycan be applied. "--
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Many-Body Physics, Topology and Geometry

Author: Siddhartha Sen,Kumar Sankar Gupta

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 981467818X

Category: Science

Page: 220

View: 3549

The book explains concepts and ideas of mathematics and physics that are relevant for advanced students and researchers of condensed matter physics. With this aim, a brief intuitive introduction to many-body theory is given as a powerful qualitative tool for understanding complex systems. The important emergent concept of a quasiparticle is then introduced as a way to reduce a many-body problem to a single particle quantum problem. Examples of quasiparticles in graphene, superconductors, superfluids and in a topological insulator on a superconductor are discussed. The mathematical idea of self-adjoint extension, which allows short distance information to be included in an effective long distance theory through boundary conditions, is introduced through simple examples and then applied extensively to analyse and predict new physical consequences for graphene. The mathematical discipline of topology is introduced in an intuitive way and is then combined with the methods of differential geometry to show how the emergence of gapless states can be understood. Practical ways of carrying out topological calculations are described. Contents:OverviewMany-Body TheoryTopology and GeometryBoundary Conditions and Self-Adjoint ExtensionsElectronic Properties of Graphene Readership: Graduate students and researchers in condensed matter physics and mathematical physics. Key Features:Topics are of current interest, e.g. graphene, topological insulators, Majorana fermionsIs self-contained and provides all the background material necessary to understand the physical or mathematical concepts discussedPractical ways of using topology, self-adjoint extensions as well as ways of making qualitative estimates in physics are explained and then illustrated by examplesKeywords:Condensed Matter Physics;Topology;Differential Geometry;Many-Body Problem;Graphene;Self-Adjoint Extensions;K-Theory;Quasiparticles;Superconductivity;Superfluidity;Topological Insulator;Mathematical Physics
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A Guide to Feynman Diagrams in the Many-Body Problem

Second Edition

Author: Richard D. Mattuck

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486131645

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 9939

Superb introduction for nonspecialists covers Feynman diagrams, quasi particles, Fermi systems at finite temperature, superconductivity, vacuum amplitude, Dyson's equation, ladder approximation, and more. "A great delight." — Physics Today. 1974 edition.
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Quantum Physics of Light and Matter

A Modern Introduction to Photons, Atoms and Many-Body Systems

Author: Luca Salasnich

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319051792

Category: Science

Page: 195

View: 8379

The book gives an introduction to the field quantization (second quantization) of light and matter with applications to atomic physics. The first chapter briefly reviews the origins of special relativity and quantum mechanics and the basic notions of quantum information theory and quantum statistical mechanics. The second chapter is devoted to the second quantization of the electromagnetic field, while the third chapter shows the consequences of the light field quantization in the description of electromagnetic transitions. In the fourth chapter it is analyzed the spin of the electron, and in particular its derivation from the Dirac equation, while the fifth chapter investigates the effects of external electric and magnetic fields on the atomic spectra (Stark and Zeeman effects). The sixth chapter describes the properties of systems composed by many interacting identical particles by introducing the Hartree-Fock variational method, the density functional theory and the Born-Oppenheimer approximation. Finally, in the seventh chapter it is explained the second quantization of the non-relativistic matter field, i.e. the Schrodinger field, which gives a powerful tool for the investigation of many-body problems and also atomic quantum optics. At the end of each chapter there are several solved problems which can help the students to put into practice the things they learned.
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The Physics of Quantum Fields

Author: Michael Stone

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461205077

Category: Science

Page: 271

View: 7853

A gentle introduction to the physics of quantized fields and many-body physics. Based on courses taught at the University of Illinois, it concentrates on the basic conceptual issues that many students find difficult, and emphasizes the physical and visualizable aspects of the subject. While the text is intended for students with a wide range of interests, many of the examples are drawn from condensed matter physics because of the tangible character of such systems. The first part of the book uses the Hamiltonian operator language of traditional quantum mechanics to treat simple field theories and related topics, while the Feynman path integral is introduced in the second half where it is seen as indispensable for understanding the connection between renormalization and critical as well as non-perturbative phenomena.
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Quantum Field Theory of Many-Body Systems

From the Origin of Sound to an Origin of Light and Electrons

Author: Xiao-Gang Wen

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0198530943

Category: Science

Page: 505

View: 6000

This book is a pedagogical and systematic introduction to new concepts and quantum field theoretical methods in condensed matter physics, which may have an impact on our understanding of the origin of light, electrons and other elementary particles in the universe. Emphasis is on clear physical principles, while at the same time bringing students to the fore of today's research.
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Optische Eigenschaften von Festkörpern

Author: Mark Fox

Publisher: Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag

ISBN: 9783486712407

Category: Science

Page: 523

View: 1695

Dieses exzellente Werk fuhrt aus, in welcher Hinsicht optische Eigenschaften von Festkorpern anders sind als die von Atomen. [...] Die Ausgewogenheit von physikalischen Erklarungen und mathematischer Beschreibung ist sehr gut. DEr Text ist erganzt durch kritische Anmerkungen in den Marginalien und selbsterklarender Abbildungen. BArry R. MAsters, OPN Optics & Photonics News 2011 Fox ist es gelungen, eine gute, kompakte und anspruchsvolle Darstellung der optischen Eigenschaften von Festkorpern vorzulegen. AMerican Journal of Physics
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Many-Body Problems and Quantum Field Theory

An Introduction

Author: Philippe Andre Martin,Francois Rothen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662048949

Category: Science

Page: 441

View: 8791

Emphasis is placed on analogies between the various systems rather than on advanced or specialized aspects, with the purpose of illustrating common ideas within different domains of physics. Starting from a basic knowledge of quantum mechanics and classical electromagnetism, the exposition is self-contained and explicitly details all steps of the derivations. The new edition features a substantially new treatment of nucleon pairing.
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Many-Body Atomic Physics

Author: J. J. Boyle,M. S. Pindzola

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521021999

Category: Science

Page: 428

View: 9696

This introduction to the field of many-body atomic physics is suitable for researchers and graduate students. Drawing from three major subject areas, atomic structure, atomic photoionization, and electron-atom collisions, this book begins with an introduction to many-body diagrams, and continues with several chapters devoted to each subject area written by leading theorists in that field. Topics in atomic structure include the relativistic theory for highly charged atomic ions and calculations of parity nonconservation. Topics in atomic photoionization include single and double photoionization processes, and photoelectron angular distributions. Topics in electron-atom collisions include the theory of electron impact ionization, perturbation series methods, target dependence of the triply differential cross section, Thomas processes, R-matrix theory, close coupling, and distorted-wave theory. This coherent and carefully edited volume has been prepared by leading atomic physicists as a tribute to Hugh Kelly, one of the pioneers of many-body theory.
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Quantum Theory of Many-Body Systems

Techniques and Applications

Author: Alexandre Zagoskin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319070495

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 280

View: 5240

This text presents a self-contained treatment of the physics of many-body systems from the point of view of condensed matter. The approach, quite traditionally, uses the mathematical formalism of quasiparticles and Green’s functions. In particular, it covers all the important diagram techniques for normal and superconducting systems, including the zero-temperature perturbation theory and the Matsubara, Keldysh and Nambu-Gor'kov formalism, as well as an introduction to Feynman path integrals. This new edition contains an introduction to the methods of theory of one-dimensional systems (bosonization and conformal field theory) and their applications to many-body problems. Intended for graduate students in physics and related fields, the aim is not to be exhaustive, but to present enough detail to enable the student to follow the current research literature, or to apply the techniques to new problems. Many of the examples are drawn from mesoscopic physics, which deals with systems small enough that quantum coherence is maintained throughout their volume and which therefore provides an ideal testing ground for many-body theories.
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Quantum Many-Body Physics in a Nutshell

Author: Edward Shuryak

Publisher: In a Nutshell

ISBN: 9780691175607

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 6166

The ideal textbook for a one-semester introductory course for graduate students or advanced undergraduates This book provides an essential introduction to the physics of quantum many-body systems, which are at the heart of atomic and nuclear physics, condensed matter, and particle physics. Unlike other textbooks on the subject, it covers topics across a broad range of physical fields--phenomena as well as theoretical tools--and does so in a simple and accessible way. Edward Shuryak begins with Feynman diagrams of the quantum and statistical mechanics of a particle; in these applications, the diagrams are easy to calculate and there are no divergencies. He discusses the renormalization group and illustrates its uses, and covers systems such as weakly and strongly coupled Bose and Fermi gases, electron gas, nuclear matter, and quark-gluon plasmas. Phenomena include Bose condensation and superfluidity. Shuryak also looks at Cooper pairing and superconductivity for electrons in metals, liquid 3He, nuclear matter, and quark-gluon plasma. A recurring topic throughout is topological matter, ranging from ensembles of quantized vortices in superfluids and superconductors to ensembles of colored (QCD) monopoles and instantons in the QCD vacuum. Proven in the classroom, Quantum Many-Body Physics in a Nutshell is the ideal textbook for a one-semester introductory course for graduate students or advanced undergraduates. Teaches students how quantum many-body systems work across many fields of physics Uses path integrals from the very beginning Features the easiest introduction to Feynman diagrams available Draws on the most recent findings, including trapped Fermi and Bose atomic gases Guides students from traditional systems, such as electron gas and nuclear matter, to more advanced ones, such as quark-gluon plasma and the QCD vacuum
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Supraleitung, Suprafluidität und Kondensate

Author: James F Annett

Publisher: Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag

ISBN: 9783486705409

Category: Science

Page: 252

View: 8833

Das Buch behandelt drei physikalische Phänomene: die Bose-Einstein-Kondensation, Suprafluidität und Supraleitung. In seinem Aufbau verfolgt es das Ziel, die wesentlichen Konzepte und notwendigen mathematischen Formalismen zu motivieren. Das Buch beginnt mit dem einfachsten der drei Phänomene, der Bose-Einstein-Kondensation. Nach einem Überblick über grundlegenden Eigenschaften idealer Bose-Gase werden Verfahren zum Einfangen und Kühlen von Atomen vorgestellt, um schließlich auf die Realisierung von Bose-Einstein-Kondensaten in verdünnten atomaren Gasen eingehen zu können. Aufgrund von Zusammenfassungen und weiterführenden Literaturangaben ist das Werk gleichermaßen zum Selbststudium geeignet wie zur vertiefenden Vorlesungsbegleitung. Zahlreiche Übungsaufgaben, teils mit Lösungen und Hinweisen, ermöglichen die unmittelbare Überprüfung des Gelernten.
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Elements Of Nuclei

Many-body Physics With The Strong Interaction

Author: Philip J. Siemens

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0429973535

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 2373

In the present volume, Phillip J. Siemens, who has been a seminal contributor to our understanding of the nucleus as a many-body system, and his able collabourator, Aksel S. Jensen, introduce graduate students and colleagues in other fields to the basic concepts of nuclear physics in a way which connects clearly the methods of nuclear physics with those of condensed matter, atomic, and particle physics. Their book thus provides a lucid introduction to the key facts and concepts of nuclei, including many of the most recent developments, while emphasizing the similarities and the differences between the behaviour of nuclei, atoms, elementary particles, and condensed matter, It should thus prove useful, not only as a text for an introductory graduate course in nuclear physics, but as a reference book for all scientists interested in a unified picture of our understanding of physical phenomena associated with many-body systems.
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