Introduction to Logistics Systems Management

Author: Gianpaolo Ghiani,Gilbert Laporte,Roberto Musmanno

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111849217X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 480

View: 4703

Introduction to Logistics Systems Management is the fully revised and enhanced version of the 2004 prize-winning textbook Introduction to Logistics Systems Planning and Control, used in universities around the world. This textbook offers an introduction to the methodological aspects of logistics systems management and is based on the rich experience of the authors in teaching, research and industrial consulting. This new edition puts more emphasis on the organizational context in which logistics systems operate and also covers several new models and techniques that have been developed over the past decade. Each topic is illustrated by a numerical example so that the reader can check his or her understanding of each concept before moving on to the next one. At the end of each chapter, case studies taken from the scientific literature are presented to illustrate the use of quantitative methods for solving complex logistics decision problems. An exhaustive set of exercises is also featured at the end of each chapter. The book targets an academic as well as a practitioner audience, and is appropriate for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses in logistics and supply chain management, and should also serve as a methodological reference for practitioners in consulting as well as in industry.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Introduction to Stochastic Search and Optimization

Estimation, Simulation, and Control

Author: James C. Spall

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471441902

Category: Mathematics

Page: 618

View: 8513

A unique interdisciplinary foundation for real-world problem solving Stochastic search and optimization techniques are used in a vast number of areas, including aerospace, medicine, transportation, and finance, to name but a few. Whether the goal is refining the design of a missile or aircraft, determining the effectiveness of a new drug, developing the most efficient timing strategies for traffic signals, or making investment decisions in order to increase profits, stochastic algorithms can help researchers and practitioners devise optimal solutions to countless real-world problems. Introduction to Stochastic Search and Optimization: Estimation, Simulation, and Control is a graduate-level introduction to the principles, algorithms, and practical aspects of stochastic optimization, including applications drawn from engineering, statistics, and computer science. The treatment is both rigorous and broadly accessible, distinguishing this text from much of the current literature and providing students, researchers, and practitioners with a strong foundation for the often-daunting task of solving real-world problems. The text covers a broad range of today’s most widely used stochastic algorithms, including: Random search Recursive linear estimation Stochastic approximation Simulated annealing Genetic and evolutionary methods Machine (reinforcement) learning Model selection Simulation-based optimization Markov chain Monte Carlo Optimal experimental design The book includes over 130 examples, Web links to software and data sets, more than 250 exercises for the reader, and an extensive list of references. These features help make the text an invaluable resource for those interested in the theory or practice of stochastic search and optimization.
Posted in Mathematics

Network Models in Optimization and Their Applications in Practice

Author: Fred Glover,Darwin Klingman,Nancy V. Phillips

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118031423

Category: Mathematics

Page: 304

View: 2518

Unique in that it focuses on formulation and case studies rather than solutions procedures covering applications for pure, generalized and integer networks, equivalent formulations plus successful techniques of network models. Every chapter contains a simple model which is expanded to handle more complicated developments, a synopsis of existing applications, one or more case studies, at least 20 exercises and invaluable references. An Instructor's Manual presenting detailed solutions to all the problems in the book is available upon request from the Wiley editorial department.
Posted in Mathematics

Water Resource Systems Planning and Management

An Introduction to Methods, Models, and Applications

Author: Daniel P. Loucks,Eelco van Beek

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319442341

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 624

View: 3760

This book is open access under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license. This revised, updated textbook presents a systems approach to the planning, management, and operation of water resources infrastructure in the environment. Previously published in 2005 by UNESCO and Deltares (Delft Hydraulics at the time), this new edition, written again with contributions from Jery R. Stedinger, Jozef P. M. Dijkman, and Monique T. Villars, is aimed equally at students and professionals. It introduces readers to the concept of viewing issues involving water resources as a system of multiple interacting components and scales. It offers guidelines for initiating and carrying out water resource system planning and management projects. It introduces alternative optimization, simulation, and statistical methods useful for project identification, design, siting, operation and evaluation and for studying post-planning issues. The authors cover both basin-wide and urban water issues and present ways of identifying and evaluating alternatives for addressing multiple-purpose and multi-objective water quantity and quality management challenges. Reinforced with cases studies, exercises, and media supplements throughout, the text is ideal for upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses in water resource planning and management as well as for practicing planners and engineers in the field.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Network and Discrete Location

Models, Algorithms, and Applications

Author: Mark S. Daskin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118536967

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 536

View: 1676

Praise for the First Edition This book is refreshing to read since it takes an important topic... and presents it in a clear and concise manner by using examples that include visual presentations of the problem, solution methods, and results along with an explanation of the mathematical and procedural steps required to model the problem and work through to a solution.” —Journal of Classification Thoroughly updated and revised, Network and Discrete Location: Models, Algorithms, and Applications, Second Edition remains the go-to guide on facility location modeling. The book offers a unique introduction to methodological tools for solving location models and provides insight into when each approach is useful and what information can be obtained. The Second Edition focuses on real-world extensions of the basic models used in locating facilities, including production and distribution systems, location-inventory models, and defender-interdictor problems. A unique taxonomy of location problems and models is also presented. Featuring examples using the author’s own software—SITATION, MOD-DIST, and MENU-OKF—as well as Microsoft Office® Excel®, the book provides: • A theoretical and applied perspective on location models and algorithms • An intuitive presentation of the uses and limits of modeling techniques • An introduction to integrated location-inventory modeling and defender-interdictor models for the design of reliable facility location systems • A full range of exercises to equip readers with an understanding of the basic facility location model types Network and Discrete Location: Models, Algorithms, and Applications, Second Edition is an essential resource for practitioners in applied and discrete mathematics, operations research, industrial engineering, and quantitative geography. The book is also a useful textbook for upper-level undergraduate, graduate, and MBA courses.
Posted in Business & Economics

Pro-active Dynamic Vehicle Routing

Real-Time Control and Request-Forecasting Approaches to Improve Customer Service

Author: Francesco Ferrucci

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642334725

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 319

View: 7990

This book deals with transportation processes denoted as the Real-time Distribution of Perishable Goods (RDOPG). The book presents three contributions that are made to the field of transportation. First, a model considering the minimization of customer inconvenience is formulated. Second, a pro-active real-time control approach is proposed. Stochastic knowledge is generated from past request information by a new forecasting approach and is used in the pro-active approach to guide vehicles to request-likely areas before real requests arrive there. Various computational results are presented to show that in many cases the pro-active approach is able to achieve significantly improved results. Moreover, a measure for determining the structural quality of request data sets is also proposed. The third contribution of this book is a method that is presented for considering driver inconvenience aspects which arise from vehicle en-route diversion activities. Specifically, this method makes it possible to restrict the number of performed vehicle en-route diversion activities.​
Posted in Business & Economics

Mendel 2015

Recent Advances in Soft Computing

Author: Radek Matoušek

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319198246

Category: Computers

Page: 388

View: 9740

This book is a collection of selected accepted papers of Mendel conference that has been held in Brno, Czech Republic in June 2015. The book contents three chapters which represent recent advances in soft computing including intelligent image processing and bio-inspired robotics.: Chapter 1: Evolutionary Computing, and Swarm intelligence, Chapter 2: Neural Networks, Self-organization, and Machine Learning, and Chapter3: Intelligent Image Processing, and Bio-inspired Robotics. The Mendel conference was established in 1995, and it carries the name of the scientist and Augustinian priest Gregor J. Mendel who discovered the famous Laws of Heredity. In 2015 we are commemorating 150 years since Mendel's lectures, which he presented in Brno on February and March 1865. The main aim of the conference was to create a periodical possibility for students, academics and researchers to exchange their ideas and novel research methods.
Posted in Computers

Control Techniques for Complex Networks

Author: Sean Meyn

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521884411

Category: Computers

Page: 562

View: 8041

From foundations to state-of-the-art; the tools and philosophy you need to build network models.
Posted in Computers

Parallel Problem Solving from Nature – PPSN XIV

14th International Conference, Edinburgh, UK, September 17-21, 2016, Proceedings

Author: Julia Handl,Emma Hart,Peter R. Lewis,Manuel López-Ibáñez,Gabriela Ochoa,Ben Paechter

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331945823X

Category: Computers

Page: 1026

View: 8716

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Parallel Problem Solving from Nature, PPSN 2016, held in Edinburgh, UK, in September 2016. The total of 93 revised full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 224 submissions. The meeting began with four workshops which offered an ideal opportunity to explore specific topics in intelligent transportation Workshop, landscape-aware heuristic search, natural computing in scheduling and timetabling, and advances in multi-modal optimization. PPSN XIV also included sixteen free tutorials to give us all the opportunity to learn about new aspects: gray box optimization in theory; theory of evolutionary computation; graph-based and cartesian genetic programming; theory of parallel evolutionary algorithms; promoting diversity in evolutionary optimization: why and how; evolutionary multi-objective optimization; intelligent systems for smart cities; advances on multi-modal optimization; evolutionary computation in cryptography; evolutionary robotics - a practical guide to experiment with real hardware; evolutionary algorithms and hyper-heuristics; a bridge between optimization over manifolds and evolutionary computation; implementing evolutionary algorithms in the cloud; the attainment function approach to performance evaluation in EMO; runtime analysis of evolutionary algorithms: basic introduction; meta-model assisted (evolutionary) optimization. The papers are organized in topical sections on adaption, self-adaption and parameter tuning; differential evolution and swarm intelligence; dynamic, uncertain and constrained environments; genetic programming; multi-objective, many-objective and multi-level optimization; parallel algorithms and hardware issues; real-word applications and modeling; theory; diversity and landscape analysis.
Posted in Computers

Model Building in Mathematical Programming

Author: H. Paul Williams

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118506189

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 432

View: 5707

The 5th edition of Model Building in Mathematical Programming discusses the general principles of model building in mathematical programming and demonstrates how they can be applied by using several simplified but practical problems from widely different contexts. Suggested formulations and solutions are given together with some computational experience to give the reader a feel for the computational difficulty of solving that particular type of model. Furthermore, this book illustrates the scope and limitations of mathematical programming, and shows how it can be applied to real situations. By emphasizing the importance of the building and interpreting of models rather than the solution process, the author attempts to fill a gap left by the many works which concentrate on the algorithmic side of the subject. In this article, H.P. Williams explains his original motivation and objectives in writing the book, how it has been modified and updated over the years, what is new in this edition and why it has maintained its relevance and popularity over the years: http://www.statisticsviews.com/details/feature/4566481/Model-Building-in-Mathematical-Programming-published-in-fifth-edition.html
Posted in Business & Economics

Modeling and Analysis of Stochastic Systems, Third Edition

Author: Vidyadhar G. Kulkarni

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 149875662X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 606

View: 4070

Building on the author’s more than 35 years of teaching experience, Modeling and Analysis of Stochastic Systems, Third Edition, covers the most important classes of stochastic processes used in the modeling of diverse systems. For each class of stochastic process, the text includes its definition, characterization, applications, transient and limiting behavior, first passage times, and cost/reward models. The third edition has been updated with several new applications, including the Google search algorithm in discrete time Markov chains, several examples from health care and finance in continuous time Markov chains, and square root staffing rule in Queuing models. More than 50 new exercises have been added to enhance its use as a course text or for self-study. The sequence of chapters and exercises has been maintained between editions, to enable those now teaching from the second edition to use the third edition. Rather than offer special tricks that work in specific problems, this book provides thorough coverage of general tools that enable the solution and analysis of stochastic models. After mastering the material in the text, readers will be well-equipped to build and analyze useful stochastic models for real-life situations.
Posted in Business & Economics

Forecasting and Management of Technology

Author: Alan L. Porter,Scott W. Cunningham,Jerry Banks,A. Thomas Roper,Thomas W. Mason,Frederick A. Rossini

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118048184

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 352

View: 3609

Published in 1991, the first edition of Forecasting and Management of Technology was one of the leading handful of books to deal with the topic of forecasting of technology and technology management as this discipline was emerging. The new, revised edition of this book will build on this knowledge in the context of business organizations that now place a greater emphasis on technology to stay on the cutting edge of development. The scope of this edition has broadened to include management of technology content that is relevant to now to executives in organizations while updating and strengthening the technology forecasting and analysis content that the first edition is reputed for. Updated by the original author team, plus new author Scott Cunningham, the book takes into account what the authors see as the innovations to technology management in the last 17 years: the Internet; the greater focus on group decision-making including process management and mechanism design; and desktop software that has transformed the analytical capabilities of technology managers. Included in this book will be 5 case studies from various industries that show how technology management is applied in the real world.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Workflow Management

Models, Methods, and Systems

Author: Kees van Hee

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 026229690X

Category: Computers

Page: 384

View: 6961

This book offers a comprehensive introduction to workflow management, the management of business processes with information technology. By defining, analyzing, and redesigning an organization's resources and operations, workflow management systems ensure that the right information reaches the right person or computer application at the right time. The book provides a basic overview of workflow terminology and organization, as well as detailed coverage of workflow modeling with Petri nets. Because Petri nets make definitions easier to understand for nonexperts, they facilitate communication between designers and users. The book includes a chapter of case studies, review exercises, and a glossary. A special Web site developed by the authors, www.workflowcourse.com, features animation, interactive examples, lecture materials, exercises and solutions, relevant links, and other valuable resources for the classroom.
Posted in Computers

System Reliability Theory

Models and Statistical Methods

Author: Arnljot H?yland,Marvin Rausand

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470317744

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 536

View: 7565

A comprehensive introduction to reliability analysis. The first section provides a thorough but elementary prologue to reliability theory. The latter half comprises more advanced analytical tools including Markov processes, renewal theory, life data analysis, accelerated life testing and Bayesian reliability analysis. Features numerous worked examples. Each chapter concludes with a selection of problems plus additional material on applications.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Service Systems Management and Engineering

Creating Strategic Differentiation and Operational Excellence

Author: Ching M. Chang

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119507545

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 720

View: 9820

The ultimate instructional guide to achieving success in the service sector Already responsible for employing the bulk of the U.S. workforce, service-providing industries continue to increase their economic dominance. Because of this fact, these companies are looking for talented new service systems engineers to take on strategic and operational challenges. This instructional guide supplies essential tools for career seekers in the service field, including techniques on how to apply scientific, engineering, and business management principles effectively to integrate technology into the workplace. This book provides: Broad-based concepts, skills, and capabilities in twelve categories, which form the "Three-Decker Leadership Architecture," including creative thinking and innovations in services, knowledge management, and globalization Materials supplemented and enhanced by a large number of case studies and examples Skills for successful service engineering and management to create strategic differentiation and operational excellence for service organizations Focused training on becoming a systems engineer, a critically needed position that, according to a 2009 Moneyline article on the best jobs in America, ranks at the top of the list Service Systems Management and Engineering is not only a valuable addition to a college classroom, but also an extremely handy reference for industry leaders looking to explore the possibilities presented by the expanding service economy, allowing them to better target strategies for greater achievement. The book was recently awarded the 2011 Best Book Award by the International Association for Management of Technology (IAMOT.)
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Water Resources Systems Planning and Management

Author: Sharad K. Jain,V.P. Singh

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080543697

Category: Science

Page: 882

View: 604

This book is divided into four parts. The first part, Preliminaries, begins by introducing the basic theme of the book. It provides an overview of the current status of water resources utilization, the likely scenario of future demands, and advantages and disadvantages of systems techniques. An understanding of how the hydrological data are measured and processed is important before undertaking any analysis. The discussion is extended to emerging techniques, such as Remote Sensing, GIS, Artificial Neural Networks, and Expert Systems. The statistical tools for data analysis including commonly used probability distributions, parameter estimation, regression and correlation, frequency analysis, and time-series analysis are discussed in a separate chapter. Part 2 Decision Making, is a bouquet of techniques organized in 4 chapters. After discussing optimization and simulation, the techniques of economic analysis are covered. Recently, environmental and social aspects, and rehabilitation and resettlement of project-affected people have come to occupy a central stage in water resources management and any good book is incomplete unless these topics are adequately covered. The concept of rational decision making along with risk, reliability, and uncertainty aspects form subject matter of a chapter. With these analytical tools, the practitioner is well equipped to take a rational decision for water resources utilization. Part 3 deals with Water Resources Planning and Development. This part discusses the concepts of planning, the planning process, integrated planning, public involvement, and reservoir sizing. The last part focuses on Systems Operation and Management. After a resource is developed, it is essential to manage it in the best possible way. Many dams around the world are losing some storage capacity every year due to sedimentation and therefore, the assessment and management of reservoir sedimentation is described in details. No analysis of water resources systems is complete without consideration of water quality. A river basin is the natural unit in which water occurs. The final chapter discusses various issues related to holistic management of a river basin.
Posted in Science

Operations Research and Decision Aid Methodologies in Traffic and Transportation Management

Author: Martine Labbe,Gilbert Laporte,Katalin Tanczos,Philippe Toint

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662035146

Category: Computers

Page: 344

View: 5671

Every one relies on some kind of transportation system nearly every day. Go ing to work, shopping, dropping children at school and many other cultural or social activities imply leaving home, and using some form of transportation, which we expect tobe eflicient and reliable. Of course, efliciency and reliabil ity do not occur by chance, but require careful and often relatively complex planning by transportation system managers, both in the public and private sectors. It has long been recognized that mathematics, and, more specifically, op erations research is an important tool of this planning process. However, the range of skills required to cover both fields, even partially, is very large, and the opportunities to gather people with this very diverse expertise are too few. The organization of the NATO Advanced Studies Institute on "Opera tions Research and Decision Aid Methodologies in Traflic and Transportation Management" in March 1997 in Balatonfüred, Hungary, was therefore more than welcome and the group of people that gathered for a very studious two weeks on the shores of the beautiful lake Balaton did really enjoy the truly multidisciplinary and high scientific level of the meeting. The purpose of the present volume is to report, in a chronological order, the various questions that were considered by the lecturers and the' students at the institute. After a general introduction to the topic, the first week focused on issues related to traflic modeling, mostly in an urban context.
Posted in Computers

Handbook of Healthcare Operations Management

Methods and Applications

Author: Brian T. Denton

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461458854

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 536

View: 2497

From the Preface: Collectively, the chapters in this book address application domains including inpatient and outpatient services, public health networks, supply chain management, and resource constrained settings in developing countries. Many of the chapters provide specific examples or case studies illustrating the applications of operations research methods across the globe, including Africa, Australia, Belgium, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Chapters 1-4 review operations research methods that are most commonly applied to health care operations management including: queuing, simulation, and mathematical programming. Chapters 5-7 address challenges related to inpatient services in hospitals such as surgery, intensive care units, and hospital wards. Chapters 8-10 cover outpatient services, the fastest growing part of many health systems, and describe operations research models for primary and specialty care services, and how to plan for patient no-shows. Chapters 12 – 16 cover topics related to the broader integration of health services in the context of public health, including optimizing the location of emergency vehicles, planning for mass vaccination events, and the coordination among different parts of a health system. Chapters 17-18 address supply chain management within hospitals, with a focus on pharmaceutical supply management, and the challenges of managing inventory for nursing units. Finally, Chapters 19-20 provide examples of important and emerging research in the realm of humanitarian logistics.
Posted in Business & Economics

Design and Analysis of Experiments

Author: Douglas C. Montgomery

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119113474

Category: Experimental design

Page: 630

View: 5581

TRY (FREE for 14 days), OR RENT this title: www.wileystudentchoice.com Design and Analysis of Experiments, 9th Edition continues to help senior and graduate students in engineering, business, and statistics-as well as working practitioners-to design and analyze experiments for improving the quality, efficiency and performance of working systems. This bestselling text maintains its comprehensive coverage by including: new examples, exercises, and problems (including in the areas of biochemistry and biotechnology); new topics and problems in the area of response surface; new topics in nested and split-plot design; and the residual maximum likelihood method is now emphasized throughout the book.
Posted in Experimental design