Introduction to Data Science for Social and Policy Research

Collecting and Organizing Data with R and Python

Author: Jose Manuel Magallanes Reyes

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110836411X

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 7776

Real-world data sets are messy and complicated. Written for students in social science and public management, this authoritative but approachable guide describes all the tools needed to collect data and prepare it for analysis. Offering detailed, step-by-step instructions, it covers collection of many different types of data including web files, APIs, and maps; data cleaning; data formatting; the integration of different sources into a comprehensive data set; and storage using third-party tools to facilitate access and shareability, from Google Docs to GitHub. Assuming no prior knowledge of R and Python, the author introduces programming concepts gradually, using real data sets that provide the reader with practical, functional experience.
Posted in Social Science

A Practical Guide to Analytics for Governments

Using Big Data for Good

Author: Marie Lowman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119362857

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 3076

Analytics can make government work better—this book shows you how A Practical Guide to Analytics for Governments provides demonstrations of real-world analytics applications for legislators, policy-makers, and support staff at the federal, state, and local levels. Big data and analytics are transforming industries across the board, and government can reap many of those same benefits by applying analytics to processes and programs already in place. From healthcare delivery and child well-being, to crime and program fraud, analytics can—in fact, already does—transform the way government works. This book shows you how analytics can be implemented in your own milieu: What is the downstream impact of new legislation? How can we make programs more efficient? Is it possible to predict policy outcomes without analytics? How do I get started building analytics into my government organization? The answers are all here, with accessible explanations and useful advice from an expert in the field. Analytics allows you to mine your data to create a holistic picture of your constituents; this model helps you tailor programs, fine-tune legislation, and serve the populace more effectively. This book walks you through analytics as applied to government, and shows you how to reap Big data's benefits at whatever level necessary. Learn how analytics is already transforming government service delivery Delve into the digital healthcare revolution Use analytics to improve education, juvenile justice, and other child-focused areas Apply analytics to transportation, criminal justice, fraud, and much more Legislators and policy makers have plenty of great ideas—but how do they put those ideas into play? Analytics can play a crucial role in getting the job done well. A Practical Guide to Analytics for Governments provides advice, perspective, and real-world guidance for public servants everywhere.
Posted in Business & Economics

Python for R Users

A Data Science Approach

Author: Ajay Ohri

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119126762

Category: Computers

Page: 368

View: 9002

The definitive guide for statisticians and data scientists who understand the advantages of becoming proficient in both R and Python The first book of its kind, Python for R Users: A Data Science Approach makes it easy for R programmers to code in Python and Python users to program in R. Short on theory and long on actionable analytics, it provides readers with a detailed comparative introduction and overview of both languages and features concise tutorials with command-by-command translations—complete with sample code—of R to Python and Python to R. Following an introduction to both languages, the author cuts to the chase with step-by-step coverage of the full range of pertinent programming features and functions, including data input, data inspection/data quality, data analysis, and data visualization. Statistical modeling, machine learning, and data mining—including supervised and unsupervised data mining methods—are treated in detail, as are time series forecasting, text mining, and natural language processing. • Features a quick-learning format with concise tutorials and actionable analytics • Provides command-by-command translations of R to Python and vice versa • Incorporates Python and R code throughout to make it easier for readers to compare and contrast features in both languages • Offers numerous comparative examples and applications in both programming languages • Designed for use for practitioners and students that know one language and want to learn the other • Supplies slides useful for teaching and learning either software on a companion website Python for R Users: A Data Science Approach is a valuable working resource for computer scientists and data scientists that know R and would like to learn Python or are familiar with Python and want to learn R. It also functions as textbook for students of computer science and statistics. A. Ohri is the founder of Decisionstats.com and currently works as a senior data scientist. He has advised multiple startups in analytics off-shoring, analytics services, and analytics education, as well as using social media to enhance buzz for analytics products. Mr. Ohri's research interests include spreading open source analytics, analyzing social media manipulation with mechanism design, simpler interfaces for cloud computing, investigating climate change and knowledge flows. His other books include R for Business Analytics and R for Cloud Computing.
Posted in Computers

Data Science Essentials in Python

Collect - Organize - Explore - Predict - Value

Author: Dmitry Zinoviev

Publisher: Pragmatic Bookshelf

ISBN: 1680503383

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 226

View: 6416

Go from messy, unstructured artifacts stored in SQL and NoSQL databases to a neat, well-organized dataset with this quick reference for the busy data scientist. Understand text mining, machine learning, and network analysis; process numeric data with the NumPy and Pandas modules; describe and analyze data using statistical and network-theoretical methods; and see actual examples of data analysis at work. This one-stop solution covers the essential data science you need in Python. Data science is one of the fastest-growing disciplines in terms of academic research, student enrollment, and employment. Python, with its flexibility and scalability, is quickly overtaking the R language for data-scientific projects. Keep Python data-science concepts at your fingertips with this modular, quick reference to the tools used to acquire, clean, analyze, and store data. This one-stop solution covers essential Python, databases, network analysis, natural language processing, elements of machine learning, and visualization. Access structured and unstructured text and numeric data from local files, databases, and the Internet. Arrange, rearrange, and clean the data. Work with relational and non-relational databases, data visualization, and simple predictive analysis (regressions, clustering, and decision trees). See how typical data analysis problems are handled. And try your hand at your own solutions to a variety of medium-scale projects that are fun to work on and look good on your resume. Keep this handy quick guide at your side whether you're a student, an entry-level data science professional converting from R to Python, or a seasoned Python developer who doesn't want to memorize every function and option. What You Need: You need a decent distribution of Python 3.3 or above that includes at least NLTK, Pandas, NumPy, Matplotlib, Networkx, SciKit-Learn, and BeautifulSoup. A great distribution that meets the requirements is Anaconda, available for free from www.continuum.io. If you plan to set up your own database servers, you also need MySQL (www.mysql.com) and MongoDB (www.mongodb.com). Both packages are free and run on Windows, Linux, and Mac OS.
Posted in Business & Economics

Doing Data Science

Straight Talk from the Frontline

Author: Cathy O'Neil,Rachel Schutt

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 144936389X

Category: Computers

Page: 408

View: 7676

Now that people are aware that data can make the difference in an election or a business model, data science as an occupation is gaining ground. But how can you get started working in a wide-ranging, interdisciplinary field that’s so clouded in hype? This insightful book, based on Columbia University’s Introduction to Data Science class, tells you what you need to know. In many of these chapter-long lectures, data scientists from companies such as Google, Microsoft, and eBay share new algorithms, methods, and models by presenting case studies and the code they use. If you’re familiar with linear algebra, probability, and statistics, and have programming experience, this book is an ideal introduction to data science. Topics include: Statistical inference, exploratory data analysis, and the data science process Algorithms Spam filters, Naive Bayes, and data wrangling Logistic regression Financial modeling Recommendation engines and causality Data visualization Social networks and data journalism Data engineering, MapReduce, Pregel, and Hadoop Doing Data Science is collaboration between course instructor Rachel Schutt, Senior VP of Data Science at News Corp, and data science consultant Cathy O’Neil, a senior data scientist at Johnson Research Labs, who attended and blogged about the course.
Posted in Computers

An Introduction to Data Science

Author: Jeffrey S. Saltz,Jeffrey M. Stanton

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506377548

Category: Reference

Page: 288

View: 7137

An Introduction to Data Science by Jeffrey S. Saltz and Jeffrey M. Stanton is an easy-to-read, gentle introduction for people with a wide range of backgrounds into the world of data science. Needing no prior coding experience or a deep understanding of statistics, this book uses the R programming language and RStudio® platform to make data science welcoming and accessible for all learners. After introducing the basics of data science, the book builds on each previous concept to explain R programming from the ground up. Readers will learn essential skills in data science through demonstrations of how to use data to construct models, predict outcomes, and visualize data.
Posted in Reference

A Quantitative Tour of the Social Sciences

Author: Andrew Gelman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521861985

Category: Mathematics

Page: 350

View: 1638

In this book, prominent social scientists describe quantitative models in economics, history, sociology, political science, and psychology.
Posted in Mathematics

An Introduction to Statistical Learning

with Applications in R

Author: Gareth James,Daniela Witten,Trevor Hastie,Robert Tibshirani

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461471389

Category: Mathematics

Page: 426

View: 3145

An Introduction to Statistical Learning provides an accessible overview of the field of statistical learning, an essential toolset for making sense of the vast and complex data sets that have emerged in fields ranging from biology to finance to marketing to astrophysics in the past twenty years. This book presents some of the most important modeling and prediction techniques, along with relevant applications. Topics include linear regression, classification, resampling methods, shrinkage approaches, tree-based methods, support vector machines, clustering, and more. Color graphics and real-world examples are used to illustrate the methods presented. Since the goal of this textbook is to facilitate the use of these statistical learning techniques by practitioners in science, industry, and other fields, each chapter contains a tutorial on implementing the analyses and methods presented in R, an extremely popular open source statistical software platform. Two of the authors co-wrote The Elements of Statistical Learning (Hastie, Tibshirani and Friedman, 2nd edition 2009), a popular reference book for statistics and machine learning researchers. An Introduction to Statistical Learning covers many of the same topics, but at a level accessible to a much broader audience. This book is targeted at statisticians and non-statisticians alike who wish to use cutting-edge statistical learning techniques to analyze their data. The text assumes only a previous course in linear regression and no knowledge of matrix algebra.
Posted in Mathematics

Practical Data Science Cookbook

Author: Prabhanjan Tattar,Tony Ojeda,Sean Patrick Murphy,Benjamin Bengfort,Abhijit Dasgupta

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 178712326X

Category: Computers

Page: 434

View: 9027

Over 85 recipes to help you complete real-world data science projects in R and Python About This Book Tackle every step in the data science pipeline and use it to acquire, clean, analyze, and visualize your data Get beyond the theory and implement real-world projects in data science using R and Python Easy-to-follow recipes will help you understand and implement the numerical computing concepts Who This Book Is For If you are an aspiring data scientist who wants to learn data science and numerical programming concepts through hands-on, real-world project examples, this is the book for you. Whether you are brand new to data science or you are a seasoned expert, you will benefit from learning about the structure of real-world data science projects and the programming examples in R and Python. What You Will Learn Learn and understand the installation procedure and environment required for R and Python on various platforms Prepare data for analysis by implement various data science concepts such as acquisition, cleaning and munging through R and Python Build a predictive model and an exploratory model Analyze the results of your model and create reports on the acquired data Build various tree-based methods and Build random forest In Detail As increasing amounts of data are generated each year, the need to analyze and create value out of it is more important than ever. Companies that know what to do with their data and how to do it well will have a competitive advantage over companies that don't. Because of this, there will be an increasing demand for people that possess both the analytical and technical abilities to extract valuable insights from data and create valuable solutions that put those insights to use. Starting with the basics, this book covers how to set up your numerical programming environment, introduces you to the data science pipeline, and guides you through several data projects in a step-by-step format. By sequentially working through the steps in each chapter, you will quickly familiarize yourself with the process and learn how to apply it to a variety of situations with examples using the two most popular programming languages for data analysis—R and Python. Style and approach This step-by-step guide to data science is full of hands-on examples of real-world data science tasks. Each recipe focuses on a particular task involved in the data science pipeline, ranging from readying the dataset to analytics and visualization
Posted in Computers

Head First Data Analysis

A Learner's Guide to Big Numbers, Statistics, and Good Decisions

Author: Michael Milton

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 0596153937

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 445

View: 2465

A guide for data managers and analyzers shares guidelines for identifying patterns, predicting future outcomes, and presenting findings to others; drawing on current research in cognitive science and learning theory while covering such additional topics as assessing data quality, handling ambiguous information, and organizing data within market groups. Original.
Posted in Business & Economics

Reproducible Research with R and R Studio, Second Edition

Author: Christopher Gandrud

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498715389

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 323

View: 3388

All the Tools for Gathering and Analyzing Data and Presenting Results Reproducible Research with R and RStudio, Second Edition brings together the skills and tools needed for doing and presenting computational research. Using straightforward examples, the book takes you through an entire reproducible research workflow. This practical workflow enables you to gather and analyze data as well as dynamically present results in print and on the web. New to the Second Edition The rmarkdown package that allows you to create reproducible research documents in PDF, HTML, and Microsoft Word formats using the simple and intuitive Markdown syntax Improvements to RStudio’s interface and capabilities, such as its new tools for handling R Markdown documents Expanded knitr R code chunk capabilities The kable function in the knitr package and the texreg package for dynamically creating tables to present your data and statistical results An improved discussion of file organization, enabling you to take full advantage of relative file paths so that your documents are more easily reproducible across computers and systems The dplyr, magrittr, and tidyr packages for fast data manipulation Numerous modifications to R syntax in user-created packages Changes to GitHub’s and Dropbox’s interfaces Create Dynamic and Highly Reproducible Research This updated book provides all the tools to combine your research with the presentation of your findings. It saves you time searching for information so that you can spend more time actually addressing your research questions. Supplementary files used for the examples and a reproducible research project are available on the author’s website.
Posted in Business & Economics

Learning to Love Data Science

Explorations of Emerging Technologies and Platforms for Predictive Analytics, Machine Learning, Digital Manufacturing and Supply Chain Optimization

Author: Mike Barlow

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1491936541

Category: Computers

Page: 162

View: 8019

Until recently, many people thought big data was a passing fad. "Data science" was an enigmatic term. Today, big data is taken seriously, and data science is considered downright sexy. With this anthology of reports from award-winning journalist Mike Barlow, you’ll appreciate how data science is fundamentally altering our world, for better and for worse. Barlow paints a picture of the emerging data space in broad strokes. From new techniques and tools to the use of data for social good, you’ll find out how far data science reaches. With this anthology, you’ll learn how: Analysts can now get results from their data queries in near real time Indie manufacturers are blurring the lines between hardware and software Companies try to balance their desire for rapid innovation with the need to tighten data security Advanced analytics and low-cost sensors are transforming equipment maintenance from a cost center to a profit center CIOs have gradually evolved from order takers to business innovators New analytics tools let businesses go beyond data analysis and straight to decision-making Mike Barlow is an award-winning journalist, author, and communications strategy consultant. Since launching his own firm, Cumulus Partners, he has represented major organizations in a number of industries.
Posted in Computers

Computational Social Science

Discovery and Prediction

Author: R. Michael Alvarez

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316531287

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 9571

Quantitative research in social science research is changing rapidly. Researchers have vast and complex arrays of data with which to work: we have incredible tools to sift through the data and recognize patterns in that data; there are now many sophisticated models that we can use to make sense of those patterns; and we have extremely powerful computational systems that help us accomplish these tasks quickly. This book focuses on some of the extraordinary work being conducted in computational social science - in academia, government, and the private sector - while highlighting current trends, challenges, and new directions. Thus, Computational Social Science showcases the innovative methodological tools being developed and applied by leading researchers in this new field. The book shows how academics and the private sector are using many of these tools to solve problems in social science and public policy.
Posted in Political Science

Data Analysis with Open Source Tools

A Hands-On Guide for Programmers and Data Scientists

Author: Philipp K. Janert

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 9781449396657

Category: Computers

Page: 540

View: 3249

Collecting data is relatively easy, but turning raw information into something useful requires that you know how to extract precisely what you need. With this insightful book, intermediate to experienced programmers interested in data analysis will learn techniques for working with data in a business environment. You'll learn how to look at data to discover what it contains, how to capture those ideas in conceptual models, and then feed your understanding back into the organization through business plans, metrics dashboards, and other applications. Along the way, you'll experiment with concepts through hands-on workshops at the end of each chapter. Above all, you'll learn how to think about the results you want to achieve -- rather than rely on tools to think for you. Use graphics to describe data with one, two, or dozens of variables Develop conceptual models using back-of-the-envelope calculations, as well asscaling and probability arguments Mine data with computationally intensive methods such as simulation and clustering Make your conclusions understandable through reports, dashboards, and other metrics programs Understand financial calculations, including the time-value of money Use dimensionality reduction techniques or predictive analytics to conquer challenging data analysis situations Become familiar with different open source programming environments for data analysis "Finally, a concise reference for understanding how to conquer piles of data."--Austin King, Senior Web Developer, Mozilla "An indispensable text for aspiring data scientists."--Michael E. Driscoll, CEO/Founder, Dataspora
Posted in Computers

Learning Data Mining with Python

Author: Robert Layton

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 178712956X

Category: Computers

Page: 358

View: 531

Harness the power of Python to develop data mining applications, analyze data, delve into machine learning, explore object detection using Deep Neural Networks, and create insightful predictive models. About This Book Use a wide variety of Python libraries for practical data mining purposes. Learn how to find, manipulate, analyze, and visualize data using Python. Step-by-step instructions on data mining techniques with Python that have real-world applications. Who This Book Is For If you are a Python programmer who wants to get started with data mining, then this book is for you. If you are a data analyst who wants to leverage the power of Python to perform data mining efficiently, this book will also help you. No previous experience with data mining is expected. What You Will Learn Apply data mining concepts to real-world problems Predict the outcome of sports matches based on past results Determine the author of a document based on their writing style Use APIs to download datasets from social media and other online services Find and extract good features from difficult datasets Create models that solve real-world problems Design and develop data mining applications using a variety of datasets Perform object detection in images using Deep Neural Networks Find meaningful insights from your data through intuitive visualizations Compute on big data, including real-time data from the internet In Detail This book teaches you to design and develop data mining applications using a variety of datasets, starting with basic classification and affinity analysis. This book covers a large number of libraries available in Python, including the Jupyter Notebook, pandas, scikit-learn, and NLTK. You will gain hands on experience with complex data types including text, images, and graphs. You will also discover object detection using Deep Neural Networks, which is one of the big, difficult areas of machine learning right now. With restructured examples and code samples updated for the latest edition of Python, each chapter of this book introduces you to new algorithms and techniques. By the end of the book, you will have great insights into using Python for data mining and understanding of the algorithms as well as implementations. Style and approach This book will be your comprehensive guide to learning the various data mining techniques and implementing them in Python. A variety of real-world datasets is used to explain data mining techniques in a very crisp and easy to understand manner.
Posted in Computers

A Gentle Introduction to Effective Computing in Quantitative Research

What Every Research Assistant Should Know

Author: Harry J. Paarsch,Konstantin Golyaev

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262333996

Category: Computers

Page: 776

View: 3030

This book offers a practical guide to the computational methods at the heart of most modern quantitative research. It will be essential reading for research assistants needing hands-on experience; students entering PhD programs in business, economics, and other social or natural sciences; and those seeking quantitative jobs in industry. No background in computer science is assumed; a learner need only have a computer with access to the Internet. Using the example as its principal pedagogical device, the book offers tried-and-true prototypes that illustrate many important computational tasks required in quantitative research. The best way to use the book is to read it at the computer keyboard and learn by doing.The book begins by introducing basic skills: how to use the operating system, how to organize data, and how to complete simple programming tasks. For its demonstrations, the book uses a UNIX-based operating system and a set of free software tools: the scripting language Python for programming tasks; the database management system SQLite; and the freely available R for statistical computing and graphics. The book goes on to describe particular tasks: analyzing data, implementing commonly used numerical and simulation methods, and creating extensions to Python to reduce cycle time. Finally, the book describes the use of LaTeX, a document markup language and preparation system.
Posted in Computers

Python for Data Analysis

Data Wrangling with Pandas, NumPy, and IPython

Author: Wes McKinney

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1491957611

Category: Computers

Page: 550

View: 3304

Get complete instructions for manipulating, processing, cleaning, and crunching datasets in Python. Updated for Python 3.6, the second edition of this hands-on guide is packed with practical case studies that show you how to solve a broad set of data analysis problems effectively. You’ll learn the latest versions of pandas, NumPy, IPython, and Jupyter in the process. Written by Wes McKinney, the creator of the Python pandas project, this book is a practical, modern introduction to data science tools in Python. It’s ideal for analysts new to Python and for Python programmers new to data science and scientific computing. Data files and related material are available on GitHub. Use the IPython shell and Jupyter notebook for exploratory computing Learn basic and advanced features in NumPy (Numerical Python) Get started with data analysis tools in the pandas library Use flexible tools to load, clean, transform, merge, and reshape data Create informative visualizations with matplotlib Apply the pandas groupby facility to slice, dice, and summarize datasets Analyze and manipulate regular and irregular time series data Learn how to solve real-world data analysis problems with thorough, detailed examples
Posted in Computers

R for Data Science

Import, Tidy, Transform, Visualize, and Model Data

Author: Hadley Wickham,Garrett Grolemund

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1491910364

Category: Computers

Page: 520

View: 7786

Learn how to use R to turn raw data into insight, knowledge, and understanding. This book introduces you to R, RStudio, and the tidyverse, a collection of R packages designed to work together to make data science fast, fluent, and fun. Suitable for readers with no previous programming experience, R for Data Science is designed to get you doing data science as quickly as possible. Authors Hadley Wickham and Garrett Grolemund guide you through the steps of importing, wrangling, exploring, and modeling your data and communicating the results. You’ll get a complete, big-picture understanding of the data science cycle, along with basic tools you need to manage the details. Each section of the book is paired with exercises to help you practice what you’ve learned along the way. You’ll learn how to: Wrangle—transform your datasets into a form convenient for analysis Program—learn powerful R tools for solving data problems with greater clarity and ease Explore—examine your data, generate hypotheses, and quickly test them Model—provide a low-dimensional summary that captures true "signals" in your dataset Communicate—learn R Markdown for integrating prose, code, and results
Posted in Computers

Mining the Social Web

Analyzing Data from Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, and Other Social Media Sites

Author: Matthew A. Russell,Matthew Russell

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1449388345

Category: Computers

Page: 332

View: 9452

Provides information on data analysis from a vareity of social networking sites, including Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn.
Posted in Computers