An Introduction to Childhood

Anthropological Perspectives on Children's Lives

Author: Heather Montgomery

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444358251

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 1230

In An Introduction to Childhood, Heather Montgomery examines the role children have played within anthropology, how they have been studied by anthropologists and how they have been portrayed and analyzed in ethnographic monographs over the last one hundred and fifty years. Offers a comprehensive overview of childhood from an anthropological perspective Draws upon a wide range of examples and evidence from different geographical areas and belief systems Synthesizes existing literature on the anthropology of childhood, while providing a fresh perspective Engages students with illustrative ethnographies to illuminate key topics and themes
Posted in Social Science

An Introduction to Childhood

Anthropological Perspectives on Children's Lives

Author: Heather Montgomery

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405125918

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 8999

In An Introduction to Childhood, Heather Montgomery examines the role children have played within anthropology, how they have been studied by anthropologists and how they have been portrayed and analyzed in ethnographic monographs over the last one hundred and fifty years. Offers a comprehensive overview of childhood from an anthropological perspective Draws upon a wide range of examples and evidence from different geographical areas and belief systems Synthesizes existing literature on the anthropology of childhood, while providing a fresh perspective Engages students with illustrative ethnographies to illuminate key topics and themes
Posted in Social Science

An Introduction to Childhood

Anthropological Perspectives on Children's Lives

Author: Heather Montgomery

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9781405125901

Category: Social Science

Page: 290

View: 2783

In An Introduction to Childhood, Heather Montgomery examines the role children have played within anthropology, how they have been studied by anthropologists and how they have been portrayed and analyzed in ethnographic monographs over the last one hundred and fifty years. Offers a comprehensive overview of childhood from an anthropological perspective Draws upon a wide range of examples and evidence from different geographical areas and belief systems Synthesizes existing literature on the anthropology of childhood, while providing a fresh perspective Engages students with illustrative ethnographies to illuminate key topics and themes
Posted in Social Science

The Anthropology of Childhood

Cherubs, Chattel, Changelings

Author: David F. Lancy

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107072662

Category: Social Science

Page: 548

View: 5192

Enriched with anecdotes from ethnography and the daily media, this revised edition examines family structure, reproduction, profiles of children's caretakers, their treatment at different ages, their play, work, schooling, and transition to adulthood. The result is a nuanced and credible picture of childhood in different cultures, past and present.
Posted in Social Science

Anthropology of Childhood and Youth

International and Historical Perspectives

Author: Geoffrey Vitale

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739192175

Category: Social Science

Page: 322

View: 8809

In this book, Geoffrey Vitale shows the ways in which people understand, raise, and educate children and youth differently from century to century and from country to country according to the culture, lifestyle, politics, and economics of their place of origin. He also introduces a professional anthropological perspective on the topic.
Posted in Social Science

An Introduction to Early Childhood

Author: Tim Waller,Geraldine Davis

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473905117

Category: Education

Page: 440

View: 9435

Put together by an outstanding author team, including many authors from the University of Northampton, An Introduction to Early Childhood is a much loved book that helps you explore all the major themes in early years education and care, while providing you with real insight into the changing world of early childhood. To further support your study, this edition has been expanded to include five new chapters including The History of Childhood, Play and Creativity, Children and the Media, Leadership and Management, and Reflective Practice. This book further supports your study with outstanding learning features including: · Chapter objectives and introduction immediately introduce you to chapter concepts saving you time · More case studies provide deeper insight into how theory works in practice · Research in context boxes show how recent research is changing the world of early years · Reflective questions encourage you to think like a reflective practitioner · Chapter summaries aid your revision by recapping core concepts covered in each chapter · Further reading and recommended websites direct you to additional resources to further support your study. Visit the companion website to access a wealth of additional online resources including: · Podcasts from chapter authors provide deeper insight into key topics · Employability podcasts provide hints and tips about going on your first placement and getting your first job · Child observation videos give you a peek into a real early years setting and insight into child behaviour · Free SAGE journal articles deepen your understanding on core topics · Web links direct you to useful websites to further your study and support you in practice.
Posted in Education

Handbook of Children's Rights

Global and Multidisciplinary Perspectives

Author: Martin D. Ruck,Michele Peterson-Badali,Michael Freeman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131766003X

Category: Psychology

Page: 640

View: 9876

While the notion of young people as individuals worthy or capable of having rights is of relatively recent origin, over the past several decades there has been a substantial increase in both social and political commitment to children’s rights as well as a tendency to grant young people some of the rights that were typically accorded only to adults. In addition, there has been a noticeable shift in orientation from a focus on children’s protection and provision to an emphasis on children’s participation and self-determination. With contributions from a wide range of international scholars, the Handbook of Children’s Rights brings together research, theory, and practice from diverse perspectives on children’s rights. This volume constitutes a comprehensive treatment of critical perspectives concerning children’s rights in their various forms. Its contributions address some of the major scholarly tensions and policy debates comprising the current discourse on children’s rights, including the best interests of the child, evolving capacities of the child, states’ rights versus children’s rights, rights of children versus parental or family rights, children as citizens, children’s rights versus children’s responsibilities, and balancing protection and participation. In addition to its multidisciplinary focus, the handbook includes perspectives from social science domains in which children’s rights scholarship has evolved largely independently due to distinct and seemingly competing assumptions and disciplinary approaches (e.g., childhood studies, developmental psychology, sociology of childhood, anthropology, and political science). The handbook also brings together diverse methodological approaches to the study of children’s rights, including both quantitative and qualitative perspectives, and policy analysis. This comprehensive, cosmopolitan, and timely volume serves as an important reference for both scholarly and policy-driven interest in the voices and perspectives of children and youth.
Posted in Psychology

Modern Babylon?

Prostituting Children in Thailand

Author: Heather Montgomery

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781571813183

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 8518

Child prostitution became one of the key concerns of the international community in the 1990s. World congresses were held, international and national laws were changed and concern over "cemmercially sexually exploited children" rose dramatically. Rarely, however, were the children who worked as prostitutes consulted of questioned in this process, and the voices of these children brought into focus. This book is the first to address the children directly, to examine their daily lives, their motivations and their perceptions of what they do. Based on 15 months of fieldwork in a Thai tourist community that survived through child prostitution, this book draws on anthropological theories on childhood and kinship to contextualize the experiences of this group of Thai child prostitutes and to contrast these with the stereotypes held of them by those outside their community.
Posted in Social Science

The Child in Society

Author: Hazel R Wright

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473911656

Category: Education

Page: 240

View: 348

The child has a very special place in society, and society defines and shapes childhood. Understanding childhood is essential to early years students and this book offers a great introduction. Taking a thematic approach, chapters cover: Historical and Cultural Perspectives Policy and Economic Perspectives Psychological and Biological Perspectives Contemporary Views. Each chapter prompts you to reflect on core issues and interrogate your practice and attitudes towards children in your care. This fantastic foundation will help you to begin to understand the relationship between the child and society. Visit https://uk.sagepub.com/en-gb/eur/the-child-in-society/book240119#resources for free access to a selection of SAGE Journal Articles related to key topics in the book.
Posted in Education

Children, Development and Education

Cultural, Historical, Anthropological Perspectives

Author: Michalis Kontopodis,Christoph Wulf,Bernd Fichtner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400702431

Category: Education

Page: 264

View: 7079

Historical anthropology is a revision of the German philosophical anthropology under the influences of the French historical school of Annales and the Anglo-Saxon cultural anthropology. Cultural-historical psychology is a school of thought which emerged in the context of the Soviet revolution and deeply affected the disciplines of psychology and education in the 20th century. This book draws on these two schools to advance current scholarship in child and youth development and education. It also enters in dialogue with other relational approaches and suggests alternatives to mainstream western developmental theories and educational practices. This book emphasizes communication and semiotic processes as well as the use of artifacts, pictures and technologies in education and childhood development, placing a special focus on active subjectivity, historicity and performativity. Within this theoretical framework, contributors from Europe and the U.S. highlight the dynamic and creative aspects of school, family and community practices and the dramatic aspects of child development in our changing educational institutions. They also use a series of original empirical studies to introduce different research methodologies and complement theoretical analyses in an attempt to find innovative ways to translate cultural-historical and historical anthropological theory and research into a thorough understanding of emerging phenomena in school and after-school education of ethnic minorities, gender-sensitive education, and educational and family policy. Divided into two main parts, “Culture, History and Child Development”, and “Gender, Performativity and Educational Practice”, this book is useful for anyone in the fields of cultural-historical research, educational science, educational and developmental psychology, psychological anthropology, and childhood and youth studies.
Posted in Education

An Introduction to Childhood Studies

Author: Mary Jane Kehily

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335236804

Category: Education

Page: 232

View: 1991

"This thoughtful book provides expert overviews of historical, sociological, psychological, cultural, legal and rights-informed approaches to childhood. Through these well written, readable chapters, students will be engaged with important debates in childhood studies, and led towards many ideas and problems for further investigation. This second edition includes new chapters arguing strongly for interdisciplinarity and for measured responses to the current 'crisis' in UK childhoods." Berry Mayall, Institute of Education, University of London, UK An Introduction to Childhood Studies offers a wide-ranging and thought-provoking approach to the study of childhood, providing an important contribution to this burgeoning area of research and teaching. It brings together key themes in the area of Childhood Studies, providing a comprehensive and accessible introduction for students and practitioners, helping to answer questions such as: What is childhood and how can it be studied and understood? How is the idea of childhood shaped by the society we live in? The contributors - who are leading figures in their fields - examine childhood from historical, socio-cultural and policy perspectives. They explore aspects such as the construction of childhood, children's literature, childhood in the digital age and children's rights. Revised and updated throughout, the new edition includes: An expanded introductory chapter - Childhood Studies: past, present, future A new chapter on children's rights and educational provision A new concluding chapter - The future of childhood Revised and updated chapters Further reading suggestions for each chapter An Introduction to Childhood Studies is a key text for students on courses in childhood studies, child psychology, social policy and the sociology of youth and childhood.
Posted in Education

Growing Up in Central Australia

New Anthropological Studies of Aboriginal Childhood and Adolescence

Author: Ute Eickelkamp

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9780857450838

Category: Social Science

Page: 310

View: 991

Surprisingly little research has been carried out about how Australian Aboriginal children and teenagers experience life, shape their social world and imagine the future. This volume presents recent and original studies of life experiences outside the institutional settings of childcare and education, of those growing up in contemporary Central Australia or with strong links to the region. Focusing on the remote communities – roughly 1,200 across the continent – the volume includes case studies of language and family life in small country towns and urban contexts. These studies expertly show that forms of consciousness have changed enormously over the last hundred years for Indigenous societies more so than for the rest of Australia, yet equally notable are the continuities across generations.
Posted in Social Science

Culture and Rights

Anthropological Perspectives

Author: Jane K. Cowan,Marie-B鈋n鈋dicte·Dembour

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521797351

Category: Law

Page: 258

View: 6857

Part I: Setting universal rights
Posted in Law

The Philosophy of Childhood

Author: Gareth B. Matthews

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674664807

Category: Psychology

Page: 136

View: 2558

So many questions, such an imagination, endless speculation: the child seems to be a natural philosopher--until the ripe old age of eight or nine, when the spirit of inquiry mysteriously fades. What happened? Was it something we did--or didn't do? Was the child truly the philosophical being he once seemed? Gareth Matthews takes up these concerns in The Philosophy of Childhood, a searching account of children's philosophical potential and of childhood as an area of philosophical inquiry. Seeking a philosophy that represents the range and depth of children's inquisitive minds, Matthews explores both how children think and how we, as adults, think about them. Adult preconceptions about the mental life of children tend to discourage a child's philosophical bent, Matthews suggests, and he probes the sources of these limiting assumptions: restrictive notions of maturation and conceptual development; possible lapses in episodic memory; the experience of identity and growth as "successive selves," which separate us from our own childhoods. By exposing the underpinnings of our adult views of childhood, Matthews, a philosopher and longtime advocate of children's rights, clears the way for recognizing the philosophy of childhood as a legitimate field of inquiry. He then conducts us through various influential models for understanding what it is to be a child, from the theory that individual development recapitulates the development of the human species to accounts of moral and cognitive development, including Piaget's revolutionary model. The metaphysics of playdough, the authenticity of children's art, the effects of divorce and intimations of mortality on a child--all have a place in Matthews's rich discussion of the philosophical nature of childhood. His book will prompt us to reconsider the distinctions we make about development and the competencies of mind, and what we lose by denying childhood its full philosophical breadth.
Posted in Psychology

Anthropological Perspectives on Children as Helpers, Workers, Artisans, and Laborers

Author: David F. Lancy

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113753351X

Category: Social Science

Page: 245

View: 2530

The study of childhood in academia has been dominated by a mono-cultural or WEIRD (Western, educated, industrialized, rich, and democratic) perspective. Within the field of anthropology, however, a contrasting and more varied view is emerging. While the phenomenon of children as workers is ephemeral in WEIRD society and in the literature on child development, there is ample cross-cultural and historical evidence of children making vital contributions to the family economy. Children’s “labor” is of great interest to researchers, but widely treated as extra-cultural—an aberration that must be controlled. Work as a central component in children’s lives, development, and identity goes unappreciated. Anthropological Perspectives on Children as Helpers, Workers, Artisans, and Laborers aims to rectify that omission by surveying and synthesizing a robust corpus of material, with particular emphasis on two prominent themes: the processes involved in learning to work and the interaction between ontogeny and children’s roles as workers.
Posted in Social Science

Children's Literature: Classic Texts and Contemporary Trends

Author: Heather Montgomery,Nicola J. Watson

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: N.A

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 432

View: 2981

Children’s Literature: Classic Texts and Contemporary Trends provides students with high quality critical material on a selection of important classic and contemporary children’s books. From Louisa May Alcott’s Little Women to J. K. Rowling’s Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone to Melvin Burgess’s Junk, each has been selected because they still find a favoured place on the bookshelves of today’s children and because they are widely studied on university courses. These case studies explore children’s literature across a variety of genres and ages, bringing together lively and accessible scholarly essays by leading scholars, some reprinted and others newly commissioned. The collection is supported by detailed introductory material, suggestions for further reading and a colour plate section reproducing covers and illustrations.
Posted in Literary Criticism

Anthropological Perspectives on Care

Work, Kinship, and the Life-Course

Author: Erdmute Alber,Heike Drotbohm

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137513446

Category: Social Science

Page: 237

View: 5014

In the course of last two decades, the notion of care has become prominent in the social and cultural sciences. As a result of this proliferation of care in several disciplinary fields, we are observing not only the expansion of its conceptual meaning, but also an increasing imprecision in its usage. A growing amount of literature focuses on the intersection between work, gender, ethnicity, affect, and mobility regimes. In view of this growing field of literature, Anthropological Perspectives on Care looks at the notion of care from an anthropological perspective. Complementing earlier approaches, Alber and Drotbohm argue that an interpretation of care in relation to three different concepts, namely work, kinship and the life-course, will facilitate empirical and conceptual distinctions between the different activities that are labeled as care.
Posted in Social Science

The SAGE Handbook of Child Research

Author: Gary B Melton,Asher Ben-Arieh,Judith Cashmore,Gail S. Goodman,Natalie K. Worley

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473971322

Category: Reference

Page: 672

View: 3091

"It is refreshing to see a book such as this which is both broad in its conceptualization of the field of child research and deep in its focus. The volume's editors are paragons of awareness when it comes to the need for interdisciplinary research and theory to illuminate the lives and experience of children." - James Garbarino, Loyola University Chicago "Covers a satisfying and unprecedentedly wide range of research relating to childhood. The contributors include many eminent international scholars of childhood, making the book a valuable resource for child researchers. Child advocates will also find the book to be invaluable in their efforts to improve children’s well-being, and to change policies and practices for the better." - Anne Smith, University of Otago "A really scintillating collection that will provide a lasting perspective on child studies - stimulating and comprehensive!" - Jonathan Bradshaw, University of York In keeping with global changes in children's social and legal status, this Handbook includes examination of children as family members, friends, learners, consumers, people of faith, and participants in law and politics. The contributors also discuss the methodological and ethical requirements for research that occurs in natural settings and that enables children themselves to describe their perspective. The book is divided into three parts: Part I: Setting-Specific Issues in Child Research Part II: Population-Specific Issues in Child Research Part III: Methods in Research on Children and Childhood
Posted in Reference

Intentional Community

An Anthropological Perspective

Author: Susan Love Brown

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791452219

Category: History

Page: 190

View: 8785

Uses classical anthropological theory to understand “intentional communities” in the United States.
Posted in History

Jewish Mysticism and Magic

An Anthropological Perspective

Author: Maureen Bloom

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113410328X

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 4940

Providing a unique anthropological perspective on Jewish mysticism and magic, this book is a study of Jewish rites and rituals and how the analysis of early literature provides the roots for understanding religious practices. It includes analysis on the importance of sacrifice, amulets, and names, and their underlying cultural constructs and the persistence of their symbolic significance.
Posted in Religion