Introduction to Banach Spaces and Algebras

Author: Graham R. Allan,Harold G. Dales

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199206538

Category: Banach algebras

Page: 371

View: 4507

A graduate level text in functional analysis, with an emphasis on Banach algebras. Based on lectures given for Part III of the Cambridge Mathematical Tripos, the text will assume a familiarity with elementary real and complex analysis, and some acquaintance with metric spaces, analytic topology and normed spaces (but not theorems depending on Baire category, or any version of the Hahn-Banach theorem).
Posted in Banach algebras

Banach Spaces of Continuous Functions as Dual Spaces

Author: H. G. Dales,F.K. Dashiell, Jr.,A.T.-M. Lau,D. Strauss

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319323490

Category: Mathematics

Page: 277

View: 4776

This book gives a coherent account of the theory of Banach spaces and Banach lattices, using the spaces C_0(K) of continuous functions on a locally compact space K as the main example. The study of C_0(K) has been an important area of functional analysis for many years. It gives several new constructions, some involving Boolean rings, of this space as well as many results on the Stonean space of Boolean rings. The book also discusses when Banach spaces of continuous functions are dual spaces and when they are bidual spaces.
Posted in Mathematics

Introduction to Modern Analysis

Author: Shmuel Kantorovitz

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191523557

Category: Mathematics

Page: 448

View: 1104

This text is based on lectures given by the author at the advanced undergraduate and graduate levels in Measure Theory, Functional Analysis, Banach Algebras, Spectral Theory (of bounded and unbounded operators), Semigroups of Operators, Probability and Mathematical Statistics, and Partial Differential Equations. The first 10 chapters discuss theoretical methods in Measure Theory and Functional Analysis, and contain over 120 end of chapter exercises. The final two chapters apply theory to applications in Probability Theory and Partial Differential Equations. The Measure Theory chapters discuss the Lebesgue-Radon-Nikodym theorem which is given the Von Neumann Hilbert space proof. Also included are the relatively advanced topics of Haar measure, differentiability of complex Borel measures in Euclidean space with respect to Lebesgue measure, and the Marcinkiewicz' interpolation theorem for operators between Lebesgue spaces. The Functional Analysis chapters cover the usual material on Banach spaces, weak topologies, separation, extremal points, the Stone-Weierstrass theorem, Hilbert spaces, Banach algebras, and Spectral Theory for both bounded and unbounded operators. Relatively advanced topics such as the Gelfand-Naimark-Segal representation theorem and the Von Neumann double commutant theorem are included. The final two chapters deal with applications, where the measure theory and functional analysis methods of the first ten chapters are applied to Probability Theory and the Theory of Distributions and PDE's. Again, some advanced topics are included, such as the Lyapounov Central Limit theorem, the Kolmogoroff "Three Series theorem", the Ehrenpreis-Malgrange-Hormander theorem on fundamental solutions, and Hormander's theory of convolution operators. The Oxford Graduate Texts in Mathematics series aim is to publish textbooks suitable for graduate students in mathematics and its applications. The level of books may range from some suitable for advanced undergraduate courses at one end, to others of interest to research workers. The emphasis is on texts of high mathematical quality in active areas, particularly areas that are not well represented in the literature at present.
Posted in Mathematics

Introduction to Functional Analysis

Author: Reinhold Meise,Dietmar Vogt

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198514855

Category: Mathematics

Page: 437

View: 7173

The book provides a modern introduction to a central part of mathematical analysis. It can be used as a self-contained textbook for beginner courses in functional analysis. In its last chapter recent results from the theory of Fréchet spaces are presented which so far have not been available in book form in English. This part of the book can be used in seminars and for gaining access to this active area of research.
Posted in Mathematics

Reversibility in Dynamics and Group Theory

Author: Anthony G. O'Farrell,Ian Short

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316195767

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 3017

Reversibility is a thread woven through many branches of mathematics. It arises in dynamics, in systems that admit a time-reversal symmetry, and in group theory where the reversible group elements are those that are conjugate to their inverses. However, the lack of a lingua franca for discussing reversibility means that researchers who encounter the concept may be unaware of related work in other fields. This text is the first to make reversibility the focus of attention. The authors fix standard notation and terminology, establish the basic common principles, and illustrate the impact of reversibility in such diverse areas as group theory, differential and analytic geometry, number theory, complex analysis and approximation theory. As well as showing connections between different fields, the authors' viewpoint reveals many open questions, making this book ideal for graduate students and researchers. The exposition is accessible to readers at the advanced undergraduate level and above.
Posted in Mathematics

Functional Analysis

An Introduction to Metric Spaces, Hilbert Spaces, and Banach Algebras

Author: Joseph Muscat

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319067281

Category: Mathematics

Page: 420

View: 4820

This textbook is an introduction to functional analysis suited to final year undergraduates or beginning graduates. Its various applications of Hilbert spaces, including least squares approximation, inverse problems, and Tikhonov regularization, should appeal not only to mathematicians interested in applications, but also to researchers in related fields. Functional Analysis adopts a self-contained approach to Banach spaces and operator theory that covers the main topics, based upon the classical sequence and function spaces and their operators. It assumes only a minimum of knowledge in elementary linear algebra and real analysis; the latter is redone in the light of metric spaces. It contains more than a thousand worked examples and exercises, which make up the main body of the book.
Posted in Mathematics

Foundations of Mathematics

Author: Andrés Eduardo Caicedo,James Cummings,Peter Koellner,Paul B. Larson

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470422565

Category: Continuum hypothesis

Page: 322

View: 6208

This volume contains the proceedings of the Logic at Harvard conference in honor of W. Hugh Woodin's 60th birthday, held March 27–29, 2015, at Harvard University. It presents a collection of papers related to the work of Woodin, who has been one of the leading figures in set theory since the early 1980s. The topics cover many of the areas central to Woodin's work, including large cardinals, determinacy, descriptive set theory and the continuum problem, as well as connections between set theory and Banach spaces, recursion theory, and philosophy, each reflecting a period of Woodin's career. Other topics covered are forcing axioms, inner model theory, the partition calculus, and the theory of ultrafilters. This volume should make a suitable introduction to Woodin's work and the concerns which motivate it. The papers should be of interest to graduate students and researchers in both mathematics and philosophy of mathematics, particularly in set theory, foundations and related areas.
Posted in Continuum hypothesis

An Introduction to Hilbert Space

Author: N. Young

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107717167

Category: Mathematics

Page: 256

View: 683

This textbook is an introduction to the theory of Hilbert space and its applications. The notion of Hilbert space is central in functional analysis and is used in numerous branches of pure and applied mathematics. Dr Young has stressed applications of the theory, particularly to the solution of partial differential equations in mathematical physics and to the approximation of functions in complex analysis. Some basic familiarity with real analysis, linear algebra and metric spaces is assumed, but otherwise the book is self-contained. It is based on courses given at the University of Glasgow and contains numerous examples and exercises (many with solutions). Thus it will make an excellent first course in Hilbert space theory at either undergraduate or graduate level and will also be of interest to electrical engineers and physicists, particularly those involved in control theory and filter design.
Posted in Mathematics

A First Look at Numerical Functional Analysis

Author: W. W. Sawyer

Publisher: Courier Dover Publications

ISBN: 0486478823

Category: Mathematics

Page: 208

View: 1391

Functional analysis arose from traditional topics of calculus and integral and differential equations. This accessible text by an internationally renowned teacher and author starts with problems in numerical analysis and shows how they lead naturally to the concepts of functional analysis. Suitable for advanced undergraduates and graduate students, this book provides coherent explanations for complex concepts. Topics include Banach and Hilbert spaces, contraction mappings and other criteria for convergence, differentiation and integration in Banach spaces, the Kantorovich test for convergence of an iteration, and Rall's ideas of polynomial and quadratic operators. Numerous examples appear throughout the text.
Posted in Mathematics

Algebraic Models in Geometry

Author: Yves Félix,John Oprea,Daniel Tanré

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199206511

Category: Mathematics

Page: 460

View: 6997

In the past century, different branches of mathematics have become more widely separated. Yet, there is an essential unity to mathematics which still springs up in fascinating ways to solve interdisciplinary problems. This text provides a bridge between the subjects of algebraic topology, including differential topology, and geometry. It is a survey book dedicated to a large audience of researchers and graduate students in these areas. Containing a generalintroduction to the algebraic theory of rational homotopy and giving concrete applications of algebraic models to the study of geometrical problems, mathematicians in many areas will find subjects that are of interest to them in the book.
Posted in Mathematics

Algebraic Geometry and Arithmetic Curves

Author: Qing Liu,Reinie Erne

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191547808

Category: Mathematics

Page: 592

View: 5593

This book is a general introduction to the theory of schemes, followed by applications to arithmetic surfaces and to the theory of reduction of algebraic curves. The first part introduces basic objects such as schemes, morphisms, base change, local properties (normality, regularity, Zariski's Main Theorem). This is followed by the more global aspect: coherent sheaves and a finiteness theorem for their cohomology groups. Then follows a chapter on sheaves of differentials, dualizing sheaves, and Grothendieck's duality theory. The first part ends with the theorem of Riemann-Roch and its application to the study of smooth projective curves over a field. Singular curves are treated through a detailed study of the Picard group. The second part starts with blowing-ups and desingularisation (embedded or not) of fibered surfaces over a Dedekind ring that leads on to intersection theory on arithmetic surfaces. Castelnuovo's criterion is proved and also the existence of the minimal regular model. This leads to the study of reduction of algebraic curves. The case of elliptic curves is studied in detail. The book concludes with the funadmental theorem of stable reduction of Deligne-Mumford. The book is essentially self-contained, including the necessary material on commutative algebra. The prerequisites are therefore few, and the book should suit a graduate student. It contains many examples and nearly 600 exercises.
Posted in Mathematics

Real Analysis

Author: Fon-Che Liu,Professor of Mathematics Fon-Che Liu

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198790422

Category:

Page: 288

View: 6253

Real Analysis is indispensable for in-depth understanding and effective application of methods of modern analysis. This concise and friendly book is written for early graduate students of mathematics or of related disciplines hoping to learn the basics of Real Analysis with reasonable ease. The essential role of Real Analysis in the construction of basic function spaces necessary for the application of Functional Analysis in many fields of scientific disciplines is demonstrated with due explanations and illuminating examples. After the introductory chapter, a compact but precise treatment of general measure and integration is taken up so that readers have an overall view of the simple structure of the general theory before delving into special measures. The universality of the method of outer measure in the construction of measures is emphasized because it provides a unified way of looking for useful regularity properties of measures. The chapter on functions of real variables sits at the core of the book; it treats in detail properties of functions that are not only basic for understanding the general feature of functions but also relevant for the study of those function spaces which are important when application of functional analytical methods is in question. This is then followed naturally by an introductory chapter on basic principles of Functional Analysis which reveals, together with the last two chapters on the space of p-integrable functions and Fourier integral, the intimate interplay between Functional Analysis and Real Analysis. Applications of many of the topics discussed are included to motivate the readers for further related studies; these contain explorations towards probability theory and partial differential equations.
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Metric Spaces

Author: Mícheál O'Searcoid

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781846286278

Category: Mathematics

Page: 304

View: 6972

The abstract concepts of metric spaces are often perceived as difficult. This book offers a unique approach to the subject which gives readers the advantage of a new perspective on ideas familiar from the analysis of a real line. Rather than passing quickly from the definition of a metric to the more abstract concepts of convergence and continuity, the author takes the concrete notion of distance as far as possible, illustrating the text with examples and naturally arising questions. Attention to detail at this stage is designed to prepare the reader to understand the more abstract ideas with relative ease.
Posted in Mathematics

Stochastic Analysis and Diffusion Processes

Author: Gopinath Kallianpur,P Sundar

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199657076

Category: Mathematics

Page: 352

View: 2638

Beginning with the concept of random processes and Brownian motion and building on the theory and research directions in a self-contained manner, this book provides an introduction to stochastic analysis for graduate students, researchers and applied scientists interested in stochastic processes and their applications.
Posted in Mathematics

Differential Geometry

Bundles, Connections, Metrics and Curvature

Author: Clifford Henry Taubes

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199605882

Category: Mathematics

Page: 298

View: 8433

Bundles, connections, metrics and curvature are the lingua franca of modern differential geometry and theoretical physics. Supplying graduate students in mathematics or theoretical physics with the fundamentals of these objects, this book would suit a one-semester course on the subject of bundles and the associated geometry.
Posted in Mathematics

Metric Embeddings

Bilipschitz and Coarse Embeddings into Banach Spaces

Author: Mikhail I. Ostrovskii

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110264013

Category: Mathematics

Page: 384

View: 4039

Embeddings of discrete metric spaces into Banach spaces recently became an important tool in computer science and topology. The book will help readers to enter and to work in this very rapidly developing area having many important connections with different parts of mathematics and computer science. The purpose of the book is to present some of the most important techniques and results, mostly on bilipschitz and coarse embeddings. The topics include embeddability of locally finite metric spaces into Banach spaces is finitely determined, constructions of embeddings, distortion in terms of Poincaré inequalities, constructions of families of expanders and of families of graphs with unbounded girth and lower bounds on average degrees, Banach spaces which do not admit coarse embeddings of expanders, structure of metric spaces which are not coarsely embeddable into a Hilbert space, applications of Markov chains to embeddability problem, metric characterizations of properties of Banach spaces, and Lipschitz free spaces.
Posted in Mathematics

Riemann Surfaces

Author: Simon Donaldson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198526393

Category: Mathematics

Page: 286

View: 8014

An authoritative but accessible text on one dimensional complex manifolds or Riemann surfaces. Dealing with the main results on Riemann surfaces from a variety of points of view; it pulls together material from global analysis, topology, and algebraic geometry, and covers the essential mathematical methods and tools.
Posted in Mathematics

Operator Spaces

Author: Edward G. Effros,Zhong-Jin Ruan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198534825

Category: Mathematics

Page: 363

View: 8038

' This book is essential reading for experts in the theory of operator spaces, and for those who want to learn the banach space style advances of the last decade in operator spaces.' Bulletin of the LMSThis book combines an elementary introduction to the theory of 'quantized Banach spaces' with a discussion of some of its most surprising non-classical aspects. Only elementary notions of functional analysis are used, hence the book will be accessible to a wide range of researchers in analysis, mathematical physics, and quantum computation.
Posted in Mathematics

Martingales in Banach Spaces

Author: Gilles Pisier

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316679462

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 675

This book focuses on the major applications of martingales to the geometry of Banach spaces, and a substantial discussion of harmonic analysis in Banach space valued Hardy spaces is also presented. It covers exciting links between super-reflexivity and some metric spaces related to computer science, as well as an outline of the recently developed theory of non-commutative martingales, which has natural connections with quantum physics and quantum information theory. Requiring few prerequisites and providing fully detailed proofs for the main results, this self-contained study is accessible to graduate students with a basic knowledge of real and complex analysis and functional analysis. Chapters can be read independently, with each building from the introductory notes, and the diversity of topics included also means this book can serve as the basis for a variety of graduate courses.
Posted in Mathematics