Introducing Mineralogy

Author: John Mason

Publisher: Dunedin Academic Press Ltd

ISBN: 1780465203

Category: Science

Page: 160

View: 3104

People have been fascinated by minerals since prehistory. The attractions of minerals lie in their colours, their beautiful crystals and the discoveries of their uses and the metals that can be obtained from them. Minerals receive attention from a wide variety of people: mining executives, collectors, prospectors and scientists unravelling their molecular structure and origins. But, for someone new to mineralogy, the subject can appear to be overwhelmingly complex.In Introducing Mineralogy John Mason considers the essence of mineralogy in a clear and logical manner. The book begins with the basic chemistry of minerals and the way in which the mineral kingdom is classified. It then considers mineral occurrences, both typical, such as the minerals that largely make up common rocks like granite, and atypical, such as concentrations of rare metals in ore-deposits. The ways in which minerals are studied using microscopes and the importance of careful observation and interpretation are discussed and the topics of mineral collecting and related issues are addressed. The final chapters explore the uses of minerals, both industrial and scientific, and take a look at environmental issues associated with mineral extraction and usageLavishly illustrated in colour and complete with a glossary, the book is aimed at students embarking on courses in the Earth Sciences and at the amateur collector who wants to find out more about the colourful rocks they may find when out walking.
Posted in Science

Earth Materials 2nd Edition

Introduction to Mineralogy and Petrology

Author: Cornelis Klein,Anthony Philpotts

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108108008

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 5054

This concise, accessible, market-leading textbook brings together the wide-ranging fundamentals students need to understand rocks and minerals, and shows them how they relate to the broader Earth, materials and environmental sciences. Designed specifically for one-semester courses, it is beautifully illustrated to explain the key concepts in mineralogy and petrology. This edition has been fully updated based on classroom experience, and new features include a completely new chapter providing an elementary introduction to thermodynamics, kinetics, radioactive decay and absolute dating; new mineral descriptions and many new stunning color photographs; and a new section on hydraulic fracturing and discussion of some of its most serious potential environmental consequences. The book uses stunning photos of mineral specimens and rock thin sections to help students build a core understanding. It also creates a highly effective learning experience through close integration of clear illustrations with engaging text, and helps students to easily visualize crystal structures through the CrystalViewer's 3D software, available online.
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Earth Materials

Author: Cornelis Klein,Anthony Philpotts

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107155401

Category: Nature

Page: 616

View: 2283

Designed specifically for one-semester courses, this beautifully illustrated textbook explains the key concepts in mineralogy and petrology.
Posted in Nature

Geologie für Dummies

Author: Alecia M. Spooner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527687483

Category: Education

Page: 376

View: 1661

Fragen Sie sich auch manchmal, warum die Erde so aussieht wie sie aussieht? Eiszeiten, Vulkanismus, Erosion, Meteoriteneinschläge - unser Planet hat in seiner Geschichte schon einiges mitgemacht. Und so vielgestaltig die Erde aussieht, so umfangreich und komplex ist auch das Thema Geologie. Aber keine Sorge, Alecia Spooner erklärt Ihnen leicht verständlich alles Wichtige, was es zum Thema Geologie zu wissen gibt: von den chemischen Grundlagen und der Bedeutung von Wind und Wasser für die Geowissenschaften bis zur Bildung und Bestimmung von Gesteinen. Sie erfahren alles Wissenswerte zu Konvektion, Plattentektonik, Mineralien, Fossilien, Erdbeben, Oberflächenprozessen, den geologischen Zeitaltern und vieles, vieles mehr. Nehmen Sie das Buch zur Hand und bringen Sie die Steine ins Rollen!
Posted in Education

Introduction to Earth and Planetary System Science

New View of Earth, Planets and Humans

Author: Naotatsu Shikazono

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 443154058X

Category: Science

Page: 177

View: 8335

This book presents basic information on material science (geochemistry, geophysics, geology, mineralogy, etc.), interaction between subsystem consisting earth system (atmosphere, hydrosphere, litho (geo) sphere, biosphere, humans) and in earth-planet system and evolution of earth-planetary system. The nature-humans interactions are described and new view on earth, planets and humans (integration of anthropocentrism and naturecentrism) are presented.
Posted in Science

Gesteine Und Minerallagerstätten

Exogene Gesteine und Minerallagerstätten

Author: P. Niggli

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034871732

Category: Science

Page: 558

View: 2081

Posted in Science

Environmental Mineralogy II

Author: D.J. Vaughan ,R.A. Wogelius

Publisher: The Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland

ISBN: 0903056321

Category: Science

Page: 489

View: 4262

In a sense, all mineralogy is environmental mineralogy. However, the term environmental has come to be employed (particularly in combination with terms such as science, issue or problem) to refer to those systems at or near the surface of the Earth where the geosphere comes into contact with the hydrosphere, atmosphere and biosphere. This is, of course, the environment upon which the human race depends for survival and, hence, is now sometimes referred to as the critical zone. Those systems containing minerals that constitute the most important or key environments are considered here: soils, modern sediments, atmospheric aerosols, and the interior or exterior parts of certain micro- and macro-organisms. Particularly important are the roles that minerals play in processes that act over time to control or influence the environment at various scales of observation. Both pure systems and those contaminated as a result of human activity are considered. The objectives for this volume are to help to define the subject of environmental mineralogy, and to provide an initial source of information both for mineralogists and other scientists who wish to understand or work in this field. It was hoped that it might also provide a text for use by those teaching courses in the subject at advanced undergraduate or graduate student level.
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An Introduction to Economic Geology and Its Environmental Impact

Author: Anthony M. Evans

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444313525

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 3619

As it has grown in length and level through successive edtions, the same author's Introduction to Ore Geology (now Ore Geology and Industrial Minerals) has left behind its original audience: first- and second -ear students. This new textbook, designed to fill that niche , was written specifically for introductory courses. Introduction to Economic Geology and Its Environmental Impact covers oil, coal, water and nuclear fuels, as well as economically important ores and bulk minerals. In keeping with current concerns and constraints, particular attention is paid to the impact of mining and drilling on the environment
Posted in Science

Minerals: A Very Short Introduction

Author: David Vaughan

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191505331

Category: Science

Page: 144

View: 619

Minerals existed long before any forms of life, playing a key role in the origin and evolution of life; an interaction with biological systems that we are only now beginning to understand. Exploring the traditional strand of mineralogy, which emphasises the important mineral families, the well-established analytical methods (optical microscopy and X-ray diffraction) and the dramatic developments made in techniques over recent decades, David Vaughan also introduces the modern strand of mineralogy, which explores the role minerals play in the plate tectonic cycle and how they interact with the living world. Demonstrating how minerals can be critical for human health and illness by providing essential nutrients and releasing poisons, Vaughan explores the multitude of ways in which minerals have aided our understanding of the world. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Posted in Science

An Introduction to Mineral Sciences

Author: Andrew Putnis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521429474

Category: Science

Page: 457

View: 2428

The subject of mineralogy has moved away from the systematic treatment of mineral groups toward the study of the behavior of minerals in response to geological processes. It is vital that we understand the physics and chemistry of minerals as this response generally involves structural and chemical changes within individual minerals as well as reactions between minerals. This is the first text to provide an introduction to modern mineralogy for undergraduate students. The main, and often complex, concepts required to understand minerals and the processes that take place within them are presented in an easy to follow manner without any complex mathematical treatment. The book deals with solid-state transformations in minerals, which take place in response to changes in temperature and pressure, as well as introducing the basic crystallography, physics and chemistry needed to understand these processes. No knowledge of physics, chemistry and mathematics beyond high-school level is assumed.
Posted in Science

Our Changing Planet, An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change

Earth sciences, Environmental science

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1478451602

Category: Education

Page: 85

View: 3192

Facts101 is your complete guide to Our Changing Planet, An Introduction to Earth System Science and Global Environmental Change. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.
Posted in Education

The ABCs of Environmental Science

Author: William B. Katz

Publisher: Government Institutes

ISBN: 9780865876279

Category: Science

Page: 155

View: 3834

This book presents an ideal introduction to the science behind the laws and regulations for those who need to know the general scope of environmental science. Written in plain English and without mathematical equations, The ABCs of Environmental Science introduces the basic principles that explain the workings of the earth's environment and the major issues behind environmental headlines. Such issues include air and water pollution, solid and hazardous waste disposal, the impact of an exploding population on available resources, and global warming. The author provides readers with "enough information to discuss any environmental issue, to question anyone proposing solutions to environmental problems, and to start taking actions to save earth from environmental disaster."
Posted in Science

Geochemistry

An Introduction

Author: Francis Albarède

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107268885

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 2248

Introducing the essentials of modern geochemistry for students across the Earth and environmental sciences, this new edition emphasises the general principles of this central discipline. Focusing on inorganic chemistry, Francis Albarède's refreshing approach is brought to topics that range from measuring geological time to the understanding of climate change. The author leads the student through the necessary mathematics to understand the quantitative aspects of the subject in an easily understandable manner. The early chapters cover the principles and methods of physics and chemistry that underlie geochemistry, to build the students' understanding of concepts such as isotopes, fractionation, and mixing. These are then applied across many of the environments on Earth, including the solid Earth, rivers, and climate, and then extended to processes on other planets. Three new chapters have been added – on stable isotopes, biogeochemistry, and environmental geochemistry. End-of-chapter student exercises, with solutions available online, are also included.
Posted in Science

Weathering: An Introduction to the Scientific Principles

Author: Will J Bland,David Rolls

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317836294

Category: Science

Page: 281

View: 6449

Our landscape is constantly changing, but before the dramatic effects of erosion and mass movement take place, more subtle forces work on the rocks, minerals and soils around us. Weathering is the initial process which exposes the top few layers of the Earth to the potential for change. This book provides an introduction to the scientific principles behind mechanical, chemical and biological weathering. Starting with a consideration of the chemical and physical properties of rocks and water, the authors proceed to an accessible explanation of the weathering processes themselves, concluding with a review of weathering rates and intensities, and a survey of the effects of weathering on the landscape. Assuming little background knowledge, the authors develop ideas from first principles to provide a straightforward introduction to weathering for students of geography, geology and earth and environmental science.
Posted in Science

Neutron Applications in Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences

Author: Liyuan Liang,Romano Rinaldi,Helmut Schober

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387094168

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 638

View: 4498

Neutron Applications in Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences offers a comprehensive overview of the wide ranging applications of neutron scattering techniques to elucidate the fundamental materials properties at the nano-, micro- and meso-scale, which underpin research in the related fields of Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences. Introductions to neutron scattering fundamentals and instrumentation are paired with a thorough review of the applications to a large variety of scientific and technological problems, written through the direct experience of leading scientists in each field. Tailored to a wide audience, this volume provides the novice with an inspiring introduction and stimulates the expert to consider these non-conventional problem solving techniques in his/her field of interest. Earth and environmental scientists, engineers, researchers and graduate students involved with materials science will find Neutron Applications in Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences a valuable ready-to-use reference.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

An Introduction to Seismology, Earthquakes, and Earth Structure

Author: Seth Stein,Michael Wysession

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118687450

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 3447

An Introduction to Seismology, Earthquakes and EarthStructures is an introduction to seismology and its role in theearth sciences, and is written for advanced undergraduate andbeginning graduate students. The fundamentals of seismic wave propagation are developed usinga physical approach and then applied to show how refraction,reflection, and teleseismic techniques are used to study thestructure and thus the composition and evolution of the earth. Thebook shows how seismic waves are used to study earthquakes and areintegrated with other data to investigate the plate tectonicprocesses that cause earthquakes. Figures, examples, problems, andcomputer exercises teach students about seismology in a creativeand intuitive manner. Necessary mathematical tools including vectorand tensor analysis, matrix algebra, Fourier analysis, statisticsof errors, signal processing, and data inversion are introducedwith many relevant examples. The text also addresses thefundamentals of seismometry and applications of seismology tosocietal issues. Special attention is paid to help studentsvisualize connections between different topics and view seismologyas an integrated science. An Introduction to Seismology, Earthquakes, and EarthStructure gives an excellent overview for students ofgeophysics and tectonics, and provides a strong foundation forfurther studies in seismology. Multidisciplinary examples throughout the text - catering tostudents in varied disciplines (geology, mineralogy, petrology,physics, etc.). Most up to date book on the market - includes recent seismicevents such as the 1999 Earthquakes in Turkey, Greece, andTaiwan). Chapter outlines - each chapter begins with an outline and alist of learning objectives to help students focus and study. Essential math review - an entire section reviews the essentialmath needed to understand seismology. This can be covered in classor left to students to review as needed. End of chapter problem sets - homework problems that cover thematerial presented in the chapter. Solutions to all odd numberedproblem sets are listed in the back so that students can tracktheir progress. Extensive References - classic references and more currentreferences are listed at the end of each chapter. A set of instructor's resources containing downloadable versionsof all the figures in the book, errata and answers to homeworkproblems is available at:http://levee.wustl.edu/seismology/book/. Also available on thiswebsite are PowerPoint lecture slides corresponding to the first 5chapters of the book.
Posted in Science

The Earth's Magnetism

An Introduction for Geologists

Author: Roberto Lanza,Antonio Meloni

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540279792

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 8189

Initially, this book reviews the general characteristics of the Earth’s magnetic field and the magnetic properties of minerals, and then proceeds to introduce the multifold applications of geomagnetism in earth sciences. The authors analyze the contribution of geomagnetism both in more general geological fields, such as tectonics and geodynamics, and in applied ones, such as prospecting and pollution. Primarily, the book is aimed at undergraduate geology or geophysics students. It is geared to provide them with a general overview of geomagnetism, allowing them to understand what contributions this branch of science can offer in the more special sectors of earth sciences. Graduate students and geology researchers will also benefit from it, as it enables them to gain a clear and concise image of the techniques which can be applied in their areas of specialization.
Posted in Science

Environmental Science and Technology

Author: Stanley E. Manahan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566702133

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 4513

This broad overview covers the four traditional spheres of the environment: water, air, earth, and life, and introduces a fifth sphere - the "anthrosphere" - which the author defines as the sphere of human activities, especially technology, that affect the earth. Environmental Science and Technology is organized into six major areas; one for each of the five spheres and one introductory section that explains the fundamentals of chemistry, biology, biochemistry, and environmental chemistry. Throughout the book, the relationships among the five spheres and their connections to the sciences are emphasized. For better or worse, technology is closely intertwined with the other four spheres. Humans utilize resources, manufacture goods, practice agriculture, and engage in other activities that have profound effects on the planet. This unique text/reference takes a realistic look at the environmental effects of human activities, and shows how constructively directed technology can have a beneficial effect on the Earth.
Posted in Science