Internal Factors in Russian Foreign Policy

Author: Neil Malcolm

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198280118

Category: Political Science

Page: 356

View: 9416

After the turmoil following the collapse of Soviet power, post-Communist Russia has emerged as an assertively independent force in international affairs. Meanwhile, an intense debate has been underway in Moscow about Russia's national interests and foreign policy priorities. Domestic political conflicts and the close ties with former Soviet partner states have made internal factors particularly particularly important in shaping Russian foreign policy. Internal Factors in Russian Foreign Policy is the first systematic analysis of the domestic political forces which condition the international behaviour of the new Russian state. Four leading specialists examine in turn the areas of foreign policy thinking and debate, how policy is made, the public politics of foreign policy and the role of the military. They explore the changing domestic alignments associated with recent shifts in Russian foreign policy, focusing on the roles played by institutions such as the Security Council and the legislature, by military groupings and by emerging economic interests. The authors throw new light on the domestic foundations of Moscow's more assertive and sef-reliant stance.
Posted in Political Science

Re-viewing the Cold War

Domestic Factors and Foreign Policy in the East-West Confrontation

Author: Patrick M. Morgan,Keith L. Nelson,G. A. Arbatov

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275966379

Category: History

Page: 226

View: 6148

A cooperative effort by a number of historians and political scientists, this essay collection focuses on the important connection between domestic affairs and foreign relations during the Cold War. The case studies treat phases of both the Soviet and American experiences and involve contributions by two Russian scholars, three Americans, a German, a Swede, and an Israeli.A cooperative effort by a number of historians and political scientists, this essay collection focuses on the important connection between domestic affairs and foreign relations during the Cold War. The case studies treat phases of both the Soviet and American experiences and involve contributions by two Russian scholars, three Americans, a German, a Swede, and an Israeli.
Posted in History

Russian Foreign Policy in the Twenty-first Century and the Shadow of the Past

Author: Robert Legvold

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023114122X

Category: Political Science

Page: 534

View: 2771

Because the turbulent trajectory of Russia's foreign policy since the collapse of the Soviet Union echoes previous moments of social and political transformation, history offers a special vantage point from which to judge the current course of events. In this book, a mix of leading historians and political scientists examines the foreign policy of contemporary Russia over four centuries of history. The authors explain the impact of empire and its loss, the interweaving of domestic and foreign impulses, long-standing approaches to national security, and the effect of globalization over time. Contributors focus on the underlying patterns that have marked Russian foreign policy and that persist today. These patterns are driven by the country's political makeup, geographical circumstances, economic strivings, unsettled position in the larger international setting, and, above all, its tortured effort to resolve issues of national identity. The argument here is not that the Russia of Putin and his successors must remain trapped by these historical patterns but that history allows for an assessment of how much or how little has changed in Russia's approach to the outside world and creates a foundation for identifying what must change if Russia is to evolve. A truly unique collection, this volume utilizes history to shed crucial light on Russia's complex, occasionally inscrutable relationship with the world. In so doing, it raises the broader issue of the relationship of history to the study of contemporary foreign policy and how these two enterprises might be better joined.
Posted in Political Science

The Foreign Policy of Russia

Changing Systems, Enduring Interests, 2014

Author: Robert H Donaldson,Joseph L Nogee

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317456823

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 464

View: 3632

Now fully updated, this widely respected text traces the lineage and development of Russian foreign policy with the insight that comes from historical perspective. The fifth edition incorporates new and fully updated coverage of issues including relations with the major powers and with other post-communist states, international security issues including arms control issues and grounds for sanctions and intervention, and domestic and regional issues related to natural resource politics, human rights, Islamism and terrorism.perspective. Chronologically organized chapters highlight the continuities of Russias behavior in the world since tsarist times as well as the major sources of change and variability over the revolutionary period, wartime alliances and cold war, dtente, the Soviet collapse, and the first post-communist decades. The fifth edition incorporates new and fully updated coverage of issues including relations with the major powers and with other post-communist states, international security issues including arms control issues and grounds for sanctions and intervention, and domestic and regional issues related to natural resource politics, human rights, Islamism and terrorism. New coauthor Vidya Nadkarni strengthens the books coverage of issues related to Asia. The basic framework used in the book is a modified realism that stresses the balance of power and the importance of national interest, and identifies several factors (both internal and external) that condition Russian policy. The interpretations are original and based on a mix of primary and secondary sources.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

Ideology and National Identity in Post-communist Foreign Policy

Author: Rick Fawn

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135757909

Category: Political Science

Page: 160

View: 608

A comparative analysis of the foreign policies of eight post-communist states which considers the extent to which official communist ideology has been replaced by nationalism and establishes how these states express their national identities through foreign policy.
Posted in Political Science

Strategic Partners

Russian-Chinese Relations in the Post-Soviet Era

Author: Jeanne Lorraine Wilson

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9780765609397

Category: Political Science

Page: 279

View: 3775

In analyzing Russia's evolving foreign policy vis-a-vis China, the author takes into account the legacy of Soviet-era precedents; the simultaneous processes of economic policy change and integration into global economic structures; and military relations.
Posted in Political Science

Russian Governance in the 21st Century

Geo-Strategy, Geopolitics and New Governance

Author: Irina Isakova

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113576980X

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 8208

A stimulating new analysis of the dramatic systemic changes of the Russian state, principles of the governance and its foreign policy orientation. It reviews the extent of changes in Russian approaches to geopolitics and the most appropriate geopolitical development patterns that influenced the transformation of Russian foreign policies and military strategic thinking on the eve of the 21st century.
Posted in History

The Russian Military

Power and Policy

Author: Steven E. Miller,Dmitri Trenin

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262263856

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 4132

Russian military capacity remains a major consideration for global security even in the post-Soviet era. This book assesses today's Russian military and analyzes its possible future direction. The contributors—experts on the subject from both Russia and the West—consider not only how Russia has built its military capacity but also the policies and doctrines that have shaped Russia's defense posture. They discuss such topics as the downsizing of the Russian military, Russia's use of military power in regional conflicts, and the management of Russia's nuclear weapons. For more than a decade, Russian leaders have struggled to formulate security and defense policies that protect Russia's borders and project Russia's influence. The contributors to The Russian Military find that the choices Russian leaders have made have been significantly influenced by the military reforms Russia has attempted to implement since the collapse of the Soviet Union. The protracted and intense debate over military reform has been—and will continue to be—decisive in shaping Russian military capacity.
Posted in Political Science

The Rebuilding of Greater Russia

Putin's Foreign Policy Towards the CIS Countries

Author: Bertil Nygren

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134076827

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 9602

This book describes the strategies used by President Putin from 2000 onwards to recreate 'Greater Russia', that is a Russia that controls most of the territory of the former Soviet Union. It shows the subtlety of the means of control, often through creating economic dependencies in the 'near abroad', including exploiting energy dependency, through prolonging other political and military dependencies, and sometimes through traditional 'power politics'. Bertil Nygren argues that after seven years in power the results of this strategy are beginning to show, providing comprehensive coverage of Russia’s relations to the former Soviet territories of the CIS countries, including Ukraine and Putin's role in the events surrounding the 'Orange Revolution', Belarus and the attempts to form a union, the Caucasus and Russia's role in the various conflicts, Moldova, including the Transdniester conflict, and Central Asia. This is an important subject for Russian studies experts and international relations scholars in general.
Posted in Political Science

Russian Military Reform, 1992-2002

Author: Anne C. Aldis,Roger N. McDermott

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135754683

Category: History

Page: 332

View: 5575

Military reform has featured prominently on the agenda of many countries since the end of the Cold War necessitated a re-evaluation of the strategic role of the armed forces, and nowhere more publicly than in Russia. Not since the 1920s have the Russian Armed Forces undergone such fundamental change. President Boris Yeltsin and his successor Vladimir Putin have both grappled with the issue, with varying degrees of success. An international team of experts here consider the essential features of Russian military reform in the decade since the disintegration of the USSR. Fluctuations in the purpose and priorities of the reform process are traced, as well as the many factors influencing change. Chapters analyse the development of Russia's security policy, structural reform of the services, the social impact of military service and experience of military conflict in Chechnya. Critical evaluations of the impact of social change on the Russian Armed Forces' capabilities and expectations complement the analysis of the on-going debate. Russian Military Reform, 1992-2002 will prove invaluable to all those interested in civil-military relationships and international security as well as to students of military theory and practice.
Posted in History

Explaining Change in Russian Foreign Policy

The Role of Ideas in Post-Soviet Russia's Conduct Towards the West

Author: Christian Thorun

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: 9780230553729

Category: Political Science

Page: 203

View: 9122

Post-Soviet Russian foreign policy towards the West is characterized by ambiguity. While Moscow retreated from superpower status peacefully, its approach towards the West underwent significant change. It evolved from close cooperation with the West to an assertive defence of Russian interests coupled with confrontational rhetoric. This book takes stock and asks which patterns have emerged from 1992 to 2007. It argues that only by focusing both on external constraints and changes in the Russian leadership's foreign policy thinking can we explain major facets of Russia's conduct. In analysing Russian foreign policy the book develops an original analytical framework for foreign policy analysis, illustrates the evolution of the Russian leadership's foreign policy discourse, and unravels major threads in Russia's conduct in three case studies. The case studies encompass: Moscow's approaches towards NATO and its enlargement, its responses to the Balkan crisis, and its reaction to the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks.
Posted in Political Science

Contemporary Issues in Soviet Foreign Policy

Author: Fleron

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 0202365115

Category: History

Page: 521

View: 8470

This survey of writings on the debates about and events relating to Soviet foreign policy concentrates on the Gorbachev period. Changes in Soviet theory and foreign policy decision making are covered in the first section. Twelve articles examine Gorbachevs policy towards a number of different geographic regions, and several more assess the permanence of Gorbachevs foreign policy changes.
Posted in History

Russland im neuen Europa

nationale Identität und aussenpolitische Präferenzen (1992-2004)

Author: Rolf Peter

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Europe

Page: 341

View: 5734

Posted in Europe

Soviet Foreign Policy

Classic and Contemporary Issues

Author: Erik P. Hoffmann, Robbin Frederick Laird, Frederic J. Fleron

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202369228

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 1966

The purpose of this anthology is to deepen Western understanding of the sources and substance of the foreign policy of the Soviet Union. Authoritative analysts here explore significant issues in Soviet foreign relations from the era of the Bolshevik Revolution and the Civil War to the period of reform that preceded the final collapse of the Soviet system. The volume is designed for courses in Soviet political history, diplomatic history, comparative foreign policy, and the mainstream of international relations.
Posted in History

Central Asian Security

The New International Context

Author: Roy Allison,Lena Jonson

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815798538

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 7218

This volume is the first comprehensive scholarly analysis of the strategic reconfiguration of Central Asia as Russia has become more disengaged from the nations in the region and as these nations have developed new relations to the south, east, and west. The international implications are enormous because of the rich energy sources—oil and natural gas—located in the Caspian Sea area. The authors assess a variety of internal security policy challenges confronting these states—for example, the potential for conflict arising from such factors as a mixed ethnic population, resource scarcity, particularly in relation to water management, and an Islamic revival. They also examine the security policy content of relations between the Central Asian states and regional and international powers—specifically the stakes, interests, and policies of Russia, China, Iran, Turkey, and the United States. These internal challenges and the evolution of relations with external powers may result in new cooperative relationships, but they may also lead to destabilizing rivalry and interstate enmity in Central Asia. It is important to identify new patterns of relevance for future security cooperation in the region, but the potential for a new security system or for new institutions to manage security in the region remains uncertain. These issues are explored by a team of prominent specialists from Western Europe, the United States, Russia and China.
Posted in Political Science

Russian foreign policy

the return of great power politics

Author: Jeffrey Mankoff

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Inc

ISBN: 9780742557949

Category: Political Science

Page: 359

View: 3836

This thoughtful and balanced text examines the development of Russian foreign policy since the end of the Cold War. Jeffrey Mankoff argues that Russia's more assertive behavior since Vladimir Putin became president in 2000 has resulted from both a deep-seated consensus among its elite about Russia's identity and interests as well as a favorable convergence of events-including the persistence of high energy prices and the check on U.S. power resulting from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Because these factors are the result of long-term trends, the author argues that there is little reason to expect that the election of Dmitry Medvedev will fundamentally alter Russian foreign policy behavior. Presenting an evenhanded treatment of controversial issues, Mankoff analyzes Russia's interactions with major global actors, including the United States, the European Union, the Commonwealth of Independent States, and China. Despite Moscow's often-harsh rhetoric and the deployment of Russian forces against Georgia in 2008, the author convincingly demonstrates that there is little reason to fear a return to a Cold War-like standoff with the West. Instead, he argues, today's Russia is more interested in restoring what its leaders consider to be its rightful place among the world's major powers rather than in directly challenging the West. Thoroughly researched and knowledgeable, this book will be invaluable for all students of Russia.
Posted in Political Science

Russia, the West, and Military Intervention

Author: Roy Allison

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019959063X

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 5343

A detailed and carefully structured study of Soviet/Russian attitudes and responses to military interventions. It explores cases from the Gulf War in 1990 to the intervention led by Western states in Libya in 2011.
Posted in Political Science

Foreign policy in Comparative Perspective: Domestic and International Influences on State Behavior

Author: Ryan K. Beasley

Publisher: CQ Press

ISBN: 1608716961

Category: Political Science

Page: 366

View: 2860

Widely regarded as the most comprehensive comparative foreign policy text, Foreign Policy in Comparative Perspective has been completely updated in this much-anticipated second edition. The editors have brought together fifteen top scholars to highlight the importance of both internal and external forces in foreign policymaking. Exploring the foreign policies of thirteen nations-both major and emerging players, and representing all regions of the world-chapter authors link the study of international relations to domestic politics, while treating each nation according to individual histories and contemporary dilemmas. The book's accessible theoretical framework is designed to enable comparative analysis, helping students discern patterns to understand why a state acts as it does in foreign affairs. Each of the thirteen country chapters includes: an introduction by the editors to highlight similar developments in other countries; a discussion of the linkages between internal and external factors and implications for the future; coverage of key foreign policy issues; a map to provide geographical context; and a list of suggested readings.
Posted in Political Science