Interdisciplinary Perspectives on International Law and International Relations

The State of the Art

Author: Jeffrey L. Dunoff,Mark A. Pollack

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107020743

Category: Law

Page: 680

View: 8480

This book brings together the most influential contemporary writers in the fields of international law and international relations to take stock of what we know about the making, interpretation, and enforcement of international law. The contributions to this volume critically explore what recent interdisciplinary work reveals about the design and workings of international institutions, the various roles played by international and domestic courts, and the factors that enhance compliance with international law.
Posted in Law

The Foundations of International Investment Law

Bringing Theory into Practice

Author: Zachary Douglas,Joost Pauwelyn,Jorge E. Viñuales

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191508586

Category: Law

Page: 586

View: 6720

International investment law is one of the fastest growing areas of international law. It has led to the signing of thousands of agreements, mostly in the form of investment contracts and bilateral investment treaties. Also, in the last two decades, there has been an exponential growth in the number of disputes being resolved by investment arbitration tribunals. Yet the legal principles at the basis of international investment law and arbitration remain in a state of flux. Perhaps the best illustration of this phenomenon is the wide disagreement among investment tribunals on some of the core concepts underpinning the regime, such as investment, property, regulatory powers, scope of jurisdiction, applicable law, or the interactions with other areas of international law. The purpose of this book is to revisit these conceptual foundations in order to shed light on the practice of international investment law. It is an attempt to bridge the growing gap between the theory and the practice of this thriving area of international law. The first part of the book focuses on the 'infrastructure' of the investment regime or, more specifically, on the structural arrangements that have been developed to manage foreign investment transactions and the potential disputes arising from them. The second part of the book identifies the common conceptual bases of an array of seemingly unconnected practical problems in order to clarify the main stakes and offer balanced solutions. The third part addresses the main sources of 'regime stress' as well as the main legal mechanisms available to manage such challenges to the operation of the regime. Overall, the book offers a thorough investigation of the conflicting theoretical positions underlying international investment law, testing their worth by reference to concrete issues that have arisen in the jurisprudence. It demonstrates that many of the most important practical questions arising in practice can be addressed by a carefully dosed resort to theory.
Posted in Law

The Oxford Handbook of International Adjudication

Author: Cesare PR Romano,Karen J Alter,Yuval Shany

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191511412

Category: Law

Page: 1072

View: 3891

The post-Cold War proliferation of international adjudicatory bodies and increase in litigation has greatly affected international law and politics. A growing number of international courts and tribunals, exercising jurisdiction over international crimes and sundry international disputes, have become, in some respects, the lynchpin of the international legal system. The Oxford Handbook of International Adjudication charts the transformations in international adjudication that took place astride the twentieth and twenty-first century, bringing together the insight of 47 prominent legal, philosophical, ethical, political, and social science scholars. Overall, the 40 contributions in this Handbook provide an original and comprehensive understanding of the various contemporary forms of international adjudication. The Handbook is divided into six parts. Part I provides an overview of the origins and evolution of international adjudicatory bodies, from the nineteenth century to the present, highlighting the dynamics driving the multiplication of international adjudicative bodies and their uneven expansion. Part II analyses the main families of international adjudicative bodies, providing a detailed study of state-to-state, criminal, human rights, regional economic, and administrative courts and tribunals, as well as arbitral tribunals and international compensation bodies. Part III lays out the theoretical approaches to international adjudication, including those of law, political science, sociology, and philosophy. Part IV examines some contemporary issues in international adjudication, including the behavior, role, and effectiveness of international judges and the political constraints that restrict their function, as well as the making of international law by international courts and tribunals, the relationship between international and domestic adjudicators, the election and selection of judges, the development of judicial ethical standards, and the financing of international courts. Part V examines key actors in international adjudication, including international judges, legal counsel, international prosecutors, and registrars. Finally, Part VI overviews select legal and procedural issues facing international adjudication, such as evidence, fact-finding and experts, jurisdiction and admissibility, the role of third parties, inherent powers, and remedies. The Handbook is an invaluable and thought-provoking resource for scholars and students of international law and political science, as well as for legal practitioners at international courts and tribunals.
Posted in Law

Interpretation in International Law

Author: Andrea Bianchi,Daniel Peat,Matthew Windsor

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191038709

Category: Law

Page: 380

View: 3775

International lawyers have long recognised the importance of interpretation to their academic discipline and professional practice. As new insights on interpretation abound in other fields, international law and international lawyers have largely remained wedded to a rule-based approach, focusing almost exclusively on the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. Such an approach neglects interpretation as a distinct and broader field of theoretical inquiry. Interpretation in International Law brings international legal scholars together to engage in sustained reflection on the theme of interpretation. The book is creatively structured around the metaphor of the game, which captures and illuminates the constituent elements of an act of interpretation. The object of the game of interpretation is to persuade the audience that one's interpretation of the law is correct. The rules of play are known and complied with by the players, even though much is left to their skills and strategies. There is also a meta-discourse about the game of interpretation - 'playing the game of game-playing' - which involves consideration of the nature of the game, its underlying stakes, and who gets to decide by what rules one should play. Through a series of diverse contributions, Interpretation in International Law reveals interpretation as an inescapable feature of all areas of international law. It will be of interest and utility to all international lawyers whose work touches upon theoretical or practical aspects of interpretation.
Posted in Law

Genozid im Völkerrecht

Author: William A. Schabas

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783930908882

Category: Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide

Page: 792

View: 1748

Posted in Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide

Legitimate Targets?

Social Construction, International Law and US Bombing

Author: Janina Dill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107056756

Category: History

Page: 386

View: 8538

Can international law regulate warfare? Experiences of US bombing suggests it does not solve the twenty-first-century belligerent's legitimacy dilemma.
Posted in History

Public Policy in International Economic Law

The ICESCR in Trade, Finance, and Investment

Author: Diane Desierto

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191026484

Category: Law

Page: 432

View: 5347

States reject inequality when they choose to ratify the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), but to date the ICESCR has not yet figured prominently in the policy calculus behind States' international economic decisions. This book responds to the modern challenge of operationalizing the ICESCR, particularly in the context of States' decisions within international trade, finance, and investment. Differentiating between public policy mechanisms and institutional functional mandates in the international trade, finance, and investment systems, this book shows legal and policy gateways for States to feasibly translate their fundamental duties to respect, protect, and fulfil economic, social and cultural rights into their trade, finance, and investment commitments, agreements, and contracts. It approaches the problem of harmonizing social protection objectives under the ICESCR with a State's international economic treaty obligations, from the designing and interpreting international treaty texts, up to the institutional monitoring and empirical analysis of ICESCR compliance. In examining public policy options, the book takes into account around five decades of States' implementation of social protection commitments under the ICESCR; its normative evolution through the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and the Committee's expanded fact-finding and adjudicative competences under the Optional Protocol to the ICESCR; as well as the critical, dialectical, and deliberative roles of diverse functional interpretive communities within international trade, finance, and investment law. Ultimately, the book shoes how States' ICESCR commitments operate as the normative foundation of their trade, finance, and investment decisions.
Posted in Law

Das Globalisierungs-Paradox

die Demokratie und die Zukunft der Weltwirtschaft

Author: Dani Rodrik

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406613517

Category:

Page: 415

View: 4640

Ein Plädoyer gegen Hyperglobalisierung und für eine gewisse demokratische Renationalisierung der Wirtschaftspolitik.
Posted in

Transnational Legal Orders

Author: Terence C. Halliday,Gregory Shaffer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316214060

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 9913

This book offers a path-breaking, empirically grounded theory that reframes the study of law and society. It shifts research from a predominantly national context to one that places transnational, national and local lawmaking and practice within a single, coherent, analytic frame. By presenting and elaborating a new concept, transnational legal orders, Halliday and Shaffer present an original approach to legal orders that affect fundamental economic and social behaviors. The contributors generate arrays of hypotheses about how transnational legal orders rise and fall, where they compete and cooperate, and how they settle and unsettle. This original theory is applied and developed by distinguished scholars from North America, Europe and Asia in business law (taxation, corporate bankruptcy, secured transactions, transport of goods by sea), regulatory law (monetary and trade, finance, food safety, climate change), and human rights law (civil and political rights, rule of law, right to health/access to medicines, human trafficking, criminal accountability of political leaders).
Posted in Law

Verfassungsfragmente

Gesellschaftlicher Konstitutionalismus in der Globalisierung

Author: Gunther Teubner

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518772805

Category: Law

Page: 291

View: 3297

Nicht zuletzt durch eine Reihe von öffentlichen Skandalen wurde in den letzten Jahren die »Neue Verfassungsfrage« aufgeworfen. Menschenrechtsverletzungen durch multinationale Unternehmen, Korruption im Medizin- und Wissenschaftsbetrieb, Bedrohung der Meinungsfreiheit durch private Intermediäre im Internet, massive Eingriffe in die Privatsphäre durch Datensammlung privater Organisationen und mit besonderer Wucht die Entfesselung katastrophaler Risiken auf den weltweiten Kapitalmärkten – sie alle werfen Verfassungsprobleme im strengen Sinne auf. Ging es früher um die Freisetzung der politischen Machtenergien des Nationalstaats und zugleich um ihre wirksame rechtsstaatliche Begrenzung, so geht es nun darum, ganz andere gesellschaftliche Energien zu diskutieren und in ihren destruktiven Konsequenzen wirksam zu beschränken. Konstitutionalismus jenseits des Nationalstaats – das heißt zweierlei: Die Verfassungsprobleme stellen sich außerhalb der Grenzen des Nationalstaats in transnationalen Politikprozessen und zugleich außerhalb des institutionalisierten Politiksektors in den »privaten« Sektoren der Weltgesellschaft.
Posted in Law

In Place of Inter-State Retaliation

The European Union's Rejection of WTO-style Trade Sanctions and Trade Remedies

Author: William Phelan

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191021873

Category: Political Science

Page: 184

View: 9608

Unlike many other trade regimes, the European Union forbids the use of inter-state retaliation to enforce its obligations, and rules out the use of common 'escape' mechanisms such as anti-dumping between the EU member states. How does the EU do without these mechanisms that appear so vital to the political viability of other international trade regimes, including the World Trade Organization? How, therefore, is the European legal order, with the European Court of Justice at its centre, able to be so much more binding and intrusive than the legal obligations of many other trade regimes? This book puts forward a new explanation of a key part of the European Union's legal system, emphasising its break with the inter-state retaliation mechanisms and how Europe's special form of legal integration is facilitated by intra-industry trade, parliamentary forms of national government, and European welfare states. It argues first that the EU member states have allowed the enforcement of EU obligations by domestic courts in order to avoid the problems associated with enforcing trade obligations by constant threats of trade retaliation. It argues second that the EU member states have been able to accept such a binding form of dispute settlement and treaty obligation because the policy adjustments required by the European legal order were politically acceptable. High levels of intra-industry trade reduced the severity of the economic adjustments required by the expansion of the European market, and inclusive and authoritative democratic institutions in the member states allowed policy-makers to prioritise a general interest in reliable trading relationships even when policy changes affected significant domestic lobbies. Furthermore, generous national social security arrangements protected national constituents against any adverse consequences arising from the expansion of European law and the intensification of the European market. The European legal order should therefore be understood as a legalized dispute resolution institution well suited to an international trade and integration regime made up of highly interdependent parliamentary welfare states.
Posted in Political Science

Klimawandel und Sicherheit in der Arktis

Hintergründe, Perspektiven, Strategien

Author: Golo M. Bartsch

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658111488

Category: Political Science

Page: 341

View: 5928

Golo M. Bartsch betrachtet die sicherheitspolitischen Auswirkungen des Klimawandels in der Arktis auf in der deutschsprachigen Forschung bislang einmalige Weise. Aus einem interdisziplinären Blickwinkel verbindet er aktuelle natur- und gesellschaftswissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse zum tiefgreifenden Wandel des Hohen Nordens miteinander und vergleicht politische Strategien der acht Anrainerstaaten, der NATO und der EU. So zeigt sich die Arktis derzeit auch im Angesicht zunehmender Militärpräsenz und stagnierender Beziehungen zwischen den westlichen Anrainern und Russland als eine eher von friedlicher Kooperation als von Konflikt geprägte Weltregion.
Posted in Political Science

Common law

Author: Oliver Wendell Holmes

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783428121519

Category: Common law

Page: 423

View: 8980

Posted in Common law

Law and Disciplinarity

Thinking Beyond Borders

Author: Robert J. Beck

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 1137316098

Category: Political Science

Page: 324

View: 1905

In the twenty-first century, traditional legal borders – both geographic and intellectual – have been increasingly contested. Many observers have questioned whether the long-held conceptions of sovereign state boundaries remain salient in a world of technology-accelerated transnational flows of people, capital, and information. Meanwhile, scholars across the social sciences and humanities have begun crossing disciplinary borders in unprecedented ways, co-opting new methodologies and engaging in meaningful and sustained dialogue about the meaning of law in its changing global context. These emerging movements prompt important questions: what are the nature and implications of shifting legal borders? What does the future hold for them? What role do new technologies play in this evolving story? Law and Disciplinarity: Thinking beyond Borders sets forth to answer these questions by way of distinguished scholars drawn from across a wide range of disciplines, including law, political science, international relations, and communications.
Posted in Political Science

Das Recht der Völker

Enthält: "Nochmals: Die Idee der öffentlichen Vernunft"

Author: John Rawls

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110898535

Category: Philosophy

Page: 294

View: 4220

Welche Bedingungen lassen Völker gerecht und friedlich zusammenleben? Unter welchen Umständen sind Kriege gerechtfertigt? Welche Leitlinien müssen gegeben sein für Organisationen, die eine gerechte Gesellschaft von Völkern mit gleichen Rechten herzustellen vermögen? In acht Grundsätzen für eine gerechte internationale Ordnung entwickelt der amerikanische Philosoph John Rawls einen hypothetischen "Vertrag der Gesellschaft der Völker". Das jüngste Buch von John Rawls ist nach A Theory of Justice 1971, dt. 1975) und Political Liberalism (1993, dt. 1998) ein weiteres wichtiges Werk des bedeutenden amerikanischen Philosophen. Die Originalausgabe (The Law of Peoples, 1999) hat zu heftigen Kontroversen geführt.
Posted in Philosophy

Ausgewählte Schriften

Cultural studies : ein politisches Theorieprojekt / hrsg. und übers. von Nora Räthzel

Author: Stuart Hall

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783886192601

Category: Critical theory

Page: 158

View: 5578

Posted in Critical theory

Denken und Problemlösen

Eine Einführung in menschliches Denken und Lernen

Author: R.E. Mayer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783540093251

Category: Psychology

Page: 258

View: 1613

Das vorliegende Buch wendet sich an jeden, den es interes siert, wie Menschen denken und Problem e lösen. Es stelIt die wichtigsten Ansätze, Methoden und Forschungsergebnisse der erst 75 lahre alten Psychologie des Denkens dar und will eine systematische Übersicht über unser heutiges Grundwissen vom menschlichen Denken bieten, anstatt sich auf einen ein zigen Gesichtspunkt zu konzentrieren. Moderne Theorien fin den sich hier ebenso wie grundlegende Erkenntnisse über de duktives Denken, Konzeptlernen, Stadien des Problemlösens, Aufgabenlösen und andere Aspekte. Diese Einflihrung in die Psychologie des Denkens setzt keine Vorkenntnisse voraus. Sie eignet sich fiir Kurse in kog nitiver Psychologie, Lernen und Gedächtnis und soll ver wendbar sein in Bereichen, in denen Problemlösen wichtig ist, etwa Unterricht, Wirtschaft, Mathematik. SchlieBlich richtet sie sich auch an den Leser, den ganz allgemein interessiert, was Psychologen über das Denken wissen. Viele Kollegen und Studenten von mir haben das Fehlen eines Lehrbuchs über die "höheren" Aspekte des Denkens und Lernens beklagt. Vorhandene Werke neigten entweder dazu, Forschungsergebnisse zu einem bestimmten Problem zusammenzufassen - etwa der Klassiker von Bruner, Good now und Austin, A Study of Thinking (1956) - oder eine Rei he von Aufgaben um eine einzige spezifische Theorie zu grup pieren - etwa Newell und Simons eindrucksvolles Buch Hu man Problem Solving (1972). Oft fehlte Büchern fiir Lehrer und andere, die problemlösendes Denken vermitteln wollen, jeder Bezug zur psychologischen Literatur - etwa Polyas schmalem Klassiker How to Solve It (1957).
Posted in Psychology

Wer beherrscht die Welt?

Die globalen Verwerfungen der amerikanischen Politik

Author: Noam Chomsky

Publisher: Ullstein eBooks

ISBN: 3843714436

Category: Political Science

Page: 416

View: 6037

„Die Frage, wer die Welt regiert, kann nicht eindeutig beantwortet werden. Aber die einflussreichsten Akteure sind klar auszumachen.“ Auch nach der Ära Obama gilt: Die USA betrachten sich grundsätzlich als die Guten – selbst dann, wenn sie das Gleiche tun wie jene, denen sie Böses unterstellen: Zivilflugzeuge abschießen, willkürlich Leute inhaftieren und mit Drohnen umbringen oder in fremde Länder einmarschieren. Das Primat der militärischen Intervention und der unerbittliche Drang, alleinige Weltmacht zu bleiben, bilden die Konstanten der amerikanischen Politik – auch wenn dadurch Staaten ins Chaos und Menschen ins Verderben getrieben werden. Im Land dagegen haben die Reichen und Mächtigen fast freie Hand, jenseits demokratischer Kontrollen und unbeachtet von einer zunehmend gleichgültigen Bevölkerung. Wohin führt uns das? Welche Folgen hat das für den Rest der Welt? In seiner so brillanten wie präzisen Analyse zeigt Noam Chomsky die fatalen Folgen der imperialen Politik der USA für das ohnehin immer chaotischere Zusammenleben auf unserem Planeten.
Posted in Political Science

Tod und Leben großer amerikanischer Städte

Author: Jane Jacobs

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3035602123

Category: Architecture

Page: 220

View: 3592

In The Death and Life of Great American Cities durchleuchtet Jane Jacobs 1961 die fragwürdigen Methoden der Stadtplanung und Stadtsanierung in Amerika, der "New Yorker" nannte es das unkonventionellste und provozierendste Buch über Städtebau seit langem. Die deutsche Ausgabe wurde schnell auch im deutschsprachigem Raum zu einer viel gelesenen und diskutierten Lektüre. Sie ist jetzt wieder in einem Nachdruck zugänglich, mit einem Vorwort von Gerd Albers (1993), das nach der Aktualität dieser Streitschrift fragt.
Posted in Architecture