In Defence of the Human in Education

Author: Isolde Woolley

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9783631633496

Category: Education

Page: 259

View: 8092

The title incorporates the assumption that the 'human' in education is being threatened by certain processes. The guiding questions are: What are these processes and what constitutes the 'human' in education? Which activities characteristically performed by human beings are so central that they seem definitive of a life that is truly human and which changes or transitions in educational thinking are compatible with the continued existence of a being as a member of human kind and which are not? It is argued that the present debate on education is still dominated by the language of performance and global economic comparison. Educational practice must and will have to help the individual through a confluence of insights in his/her journey through life to form independent judgement.
Posted in Education

In Defense of a Liberal Education

Author: Fareed Zakaria

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393247694

Category: Education

Page: 176

View: 8570

CNN host and best-selling author Fareed Zakaria argues for a renewed commitment to the world’s most valuable educational tradition. The liberal arts are under attack. The governors of Florida, Texas, and North Carolina have all pledged that they will not spend taxpayer money subsidizing the liberal arts, and they seem to have an unlikely ally in President Obama. While at a General Electric plant in early 2014, Obama remarked, "I promise you, folks can make a lot more, potentially, with skilled manufacturing or the trades than they might with an art history degree." These messages are hitting home: majors like English and history, once very popular and highly respected, are in steep decline. "I get it," writes Fareed Zakaria, recalling the atmosphere in India where he grew up, which was even more obsessed with getting a skills-based education. However, the CNN host and best-selling author explains why this widely held view is mistaken and shortsighted. Zakaria eloquently expounds on the virtues of a liberal arts education—how to write clearly, how to express yourself convincingly, and how to think analytically. He turns our leaders' vocational argument on its head. American routine manufacturing jobs continue to get automated or outsourced, and specific vocational knowledge is often outdated within a few years. Engineering is a great profession, but key value-added skills you will also need are creativity, lateral thinking, design, communication, storytelling, and, more than anything, the ability to continually learn and enjoy learning—precisely the gifts of a liberal education. Zakaria argues that technology is transforming education, opening up access to the best courses and classes in a vast variety of subjects for millions around the world. We are at the dawn of the greatest expansion of the idea of a liberal education in human history.
Posted in Education

In Defence of Modernity

Vision and Philosophy in Michael Oakeshott

Author: Efraim Podoksik

Publisher: Andrews UK Limited

ISBN: 184540467X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 326

View: 7316

Although Oakeshott's philosophy has received considerable attention, the vision which underlies it has been almost completely ignored. This vision, which is rooted in the intellectual debates of his epoch, cements his ideas into a coherent whole and provides a compelling defence of modernity. The main feature of Oakeshott's vision of modernity is seen here as radical plurality resulting from 'fragmentation' of experience and society. On the level of experience, modernity denies the existence of the hierarchical medieval scheme and argues that there exist independent ways of understanding our world, such as science and history, which cannot be reduced to each other. On the level of society, modernity finds expression in liberal doctrine, according to which society is an aggregate of individuals each pursuing his or her own choices. For Oakeshott, to be modern means not only to recognise this condition of radical plurality but also to learn to appreciate and enjoy it. Oakeshott did not think that it was possible to find a comprehensive philosophical justification for modernity, therefore the only way to preserve modern civilisation seemed to be an appeal to sentiment. As a consequence he was a passionate defender of liberal education as the best way to underwrite the 'conversation of mankind.'
Posted in Philosophy

Why Teach?

In Defense of a Real Education

Author: Mark Edmundson

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 162040642X

Category: Education

Page: 240

View: 8833

From one of the country's great professors, a fresh, modern take on what higher education is for.
Posted in Education

In Defense of the Lifeworld

Critical Perspectives on Adult Learning

Author: Michael Robert Welton

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791425398

Category: Education

Page: 258

View: 4359

Offers a radical rethinking of the meaning of work and learning in all domains of adult life: a "best of adult education" reader.
Posted in Education

In Defense of Dolphins

The New Moral Frontier

Author: Thomas I. White

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470469692

Category: Philosophy

Page: 248

View: 2955

Have humans been sharing the planet with other intelligent life for millions of years without realizing it? In Defense of Dolphins combines accessible science and philosophy, surveying the latest research on dolphin intelligence and social behavior, to advocate for their ethical treatment. Encourages a reassessment of the human-dolphin relationship, arguing for an end to the inhuman treatment of dolphins Written by an expert philosopher with almost twenty-years of experience studying dolphins Combines up-to-date research supporting the sophisticated cognitive and emotional capacities of dolphins with entertaining first-hand accounts Looks at the serious questions of intelligent life, ethical treatment, and moral obligation Engaging and thought-provoking
Posted in Philosophy

Demonstrative Proof In Defence Of God

A Study Of Titus Of Bostra's Contra Manichaeos : The Work's Sources, Aims, And Relation To Its Contemporary Theology

Author: Nils Arne Pedersen

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004138838

Category: Religion

Page: 575

View: 3997

This is the first extensive study of a major Patristic work, showing its importance for the history of Church and theology, Manichaean studies and the use of ancient philosophy. It includes a critical text and translation of central passages.
Posted in Religion

Education of a Canadian

My Life as a Scholar and Activist

Author: Gordon Skilling

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 9780886293574

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 450

View: 9850

Gordon Skilling writes candidly of each way station in this personal odyssey: the idealism of his student years at the University of Toronto and Oxford; his presence in Czechoslovakia on the eve of the Nazi, and later Soviet, invasions; his opposition to the Marshall Plan, NATO, and U.S. intervention in Korea; the effect of McCarthyism on his academic life; his involvement with the Czech and Slovak dissident movements and finally the Velvet Revolution. The Education of a Canadian also captures conversations with writers, journalists, scholars, and myriad friends throughout Russia and Eastern Europe (including Havel, Djilas, and Sakharov), making this history a distinctly human yet forceful document of profound humanity and international scope.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

In Defence of Religious Schools and Colleges

Author: Elmer John Thiessen

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 0773569162

Category: Religion

Page: 396

View: 4015

It is often argued that religious schools and colleges promote intolerance, divisiveness, and fanaticism and that they violate the principle of academic freedom. Some writers also suggest that economic support for religious schools by the state violates the principle of the separation of church and state. Elmer Thiessen provides a philosophical defence of religious schools and colleges against these and other standard objections. He concludes with a radical proposal: a pluralistic educational system will better prepare students for citizenship in pluralist liberal democracies than a monopolistic state-maintained school system. In placing his argument within the context of liberal-democratic values Thiessen gives concrete examples of objections to religious schools and offers practical suggestions that follow from the philosophical treatment of the problem. In Defence of Religious Schools and Colleges bridges the gap between philosophical argument and educational practice. It will be of interest not only to philosophers and educational theorists but also to practitioners in education. Academics, policy makers, political theorists, lay-people, teachers, administrators, and parents B those who object to religious schools and colleges and those who find themselves trying to answer the objections B will benefit from reading this book.
Posted in Religion

Human Rights in the Field of Comparative Education

Author: Heidi Biseth

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9462091528

Category: Education

Page: 176

View: 807

There is no single answer to the question: what are human rights? The answer depends on whom you ask. Several of the papers presented at Fourteenth World Congress of Comparative Education held at Bog ̆aziçi University in Istanbul, Turkey, in June 2010 discussed issues related to human rights from a comparative education viewpoint. The nine papers presented in this book spans from policy analysis to practices in classrooms. They include analyses of human rights from a regional or country perspective, including Greece, Jordan, the Latin American region, Morocco, Northern Ireland, Portugal, the UK, the US, and Turkey. In facilitating a clarification of the ways in which we understand and talk about human rights in the field of comparative education, the editors have analysed and visualized the chapter contributions using Marie-Bénédicte Dembour’s categorization of human rights discourses. This is a fruitful exercise as it unravels the fact that we do not always mean the same thing when talking about human rights and also sheds light on the issues within human rights to which we are silent, issues that we should conceivably be discussing. Our engagement in human rights seems to focus on using these rights as leverage to promote our arguments about education, not engaging in a more philosophical debate about human rights. Human rights can be used as an ethical lingua franca and thus providing a fertile ground for nuancing our understanding of human rights. Since we experience a huge gap between morality and reality, an engagement in the ethical perspectives of human rights can help us on the way to closing this gap.
Posted in Education

Cultivating Humanity

Author: Martha C. Nussbaum

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674735463

Category: Education

Page: 352

View: 9718

How can higher education today create a community of critical thinkers and searchers for truth that transcends the boundaries of class, gender, and nation? Martha C. Nussbaum, philosopher and classicist, argues that contemporary curricular reform is already producing such “citizens of the world” in its advocacy of diverse forms of cross-cultural studies. Her vigorous defense of “the new education” is rooted in Seneca’s ideal of the citizen who scrutinizes tradition critically and who respects the ability to reason wherever it is found—in rich or poor, native or foreigner, female or male. Drawing on Socrates and the Stoics, Nussbaum establishes three core values of liberal education: critical self-examination, the ideal of the world citizen, and the development of the narrative imagination. Then, taking us into classrooms and campuses across the nation, including prominent research universities, small independent colleges, and religious institutions, she shows how these values are (and in some instances are not) being embodied in particular courses. She defends such burgeoning subject areas as gender, minority, and gay studies against charges of moral relativism and low standards, and underscores their dynamic and fundamental contribution to critical reasoning and world citizenship. For Nussbaum, liberal education is alive and well on American campuses in the late twentieth century. It is not only viable, promising, and constructive, but it is essential to a democratic society. Taking up the challenge of conservative critics of academe, she argues persuasively that sustained reform in the aim and content of liberal education is the most vital and invigorating force in higher education today.
Posted in Education

In Defense of the American Public School

Author: Arthur J. Newman

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412826051

Category: Education

Page: 282

View: 6469

The fifties saw schools as purveyors of international Communism; the sixties attacked the public educational system as racist, mindless, and irrelevant; and the Bicentennial era calls the schools down for their failure to teach students fundamental academic skills. Professor Arthur Newman's book of readings reflects an idea clearly regarded as heretical in many circles--the idea that the American public school is not nearly so inadequate as many present-day critics insist. In order to aid the teacher-to-be, the educator, and the concerned citizen in evaluating the validity of such reproval, Newman has included a wide variety of material, both classic and recent, under the following heads: *The Charge to the Public Schools *The Always-Abundant Criticism *The Schools' Record in Academic Achievement *The Treatment of Minority Group Youngsters *Are the Schools Inflexible? *Public School Teachers *Public Schools and Social Ills *A Critique of the Critics Anyone disturbed about the state of American public education will appreciate Newman's celebration of the myriad strengths of our schools and will esteem the intelligent and responsible perspective he sets forth to evaluate today's criticism of U.S. schools.
Posted in Education

Pedagogy Out of Bounds

Untamed Variations of Democratic Education

Author: Yusef Waghid

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9462096163

Category: Education

Page: 104

View: 9484

The focus of this book is on building on current liberal understandings of democratic education as espoused in the ideas of SeylaBenhabib, Eamonnn Callan, Martha Nussbaum, Iris Marion Young and Amy Gutmann, and then examines its implications for pedagogical encounters, more specifically teaching and learning. In other words, pedagogical encounters premised on the idea of iterations (talking back) and reasonable and compassionate action are not enough to engender forms of human engagement that can open up new possibilities and perspectives. Drawing on the works of poststructuralist theorists, in particular the seminal thoughts of Jacques Derrida, Jacques Rancière, Giorgio Agamben, Jacques Lacan, Stanley Cavell, Maxine Greene, Giles Deleuze and Felix Guattari, and Judith Butler, it is argued that a democratic education in becoming has the potential to rupture pedagogical encounters towards new beginnings on the basis that teachers and students can never know with certainty and completeness. Consequently, it is argued that teaching and learning ought to be associated with pedagogical activities in the making, more specifically a pedagogy out of bounds, in terms of which speech and action would remain positively free, sceptically critical, and responsibly vigilant – a matter of making teaching and learning more authentic so that students and teachers are provoked to see things as they could be otherwise through an enhanced form of ethical and political imagination. It is through pedagogical encounters out of bounds that relations between teachers and students stand a better chance of dealing with the strangeness and mysteries of unexpected, unfamiliar, and improbable action.
Posted in Education

Catholic Education: Distinctive and Inclusive

Author: J. Sullivan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401709882

Category: Education

Page: 231

View: 4925

How coherent is the claim that Catholic education is both distinctive and inclusive? This question, so crucial, both for the adequate articulation of a raison d'être for Catholic schools all over the world and also for the promotion of their healthy functioning, has not hitherto been addressed critically. Here it receives penetrating analysis and constructive resolution in a comprehensive treatment that integrates theological, philosophical and educational perspectives. The argument draws on wide-ranging scholarship, offering new insights into the relevance for Catholic education of thinkers whose work has been relatively neglected. The advance in understanding of how distinctiveness relates to inclusiveness is underpinned by the author's lengthy experience of teaching and leadership in Catholic schools; it is further informed by his extended and continuing dialogue with Catholic educators at all levels and in many different countries.
Posted in Education