Humanitarian Invasion

Global Development in Cold War Afghanistan

Author: Timothy Nunan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316483339

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 531

Humanitarian Invasion is the first book of its kind: a ground-level inside account of what development and humanitarianism meant for Afghanistan, a country touched by international aid like no other. Relying on Soviet, Western, and NGO archives, interviews with Soviet advisers and NGO workers, and Afghan sources, Timothy Nunan forges a vivid account of the impact of development on a country on the front lines of the Cold War. Nunan argues that Afghanistan functioned as a laboratory for the future of the Third World nation-state. If, in the 1960s, Soviets, Americans, and Germans sought to make a territorial national economy for Afghanistan, later, under military occupation, Soviet nation-builders, French and Swedish humanitarians, and Pakistani-supported guerrillas fought a transnational civil war over Afghan statehood. Covering the entire period from the Cold War to Taliban rule, Humanitarian Invasion signals the beginning of a new stage in the writing of international history.
Posted in History

Humanitarian Intervention

An Introduction

Author: Aidan Hehir

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137301570

Category: Political Science

Page: 372

View: 4470

A broad-ranging introduction to the theory, practice and politics of humanitarian intervention in the contemporary world. This second edition has been fully updated and includes a new chapter on Libya and the Arab Spring.
Posted in Political Science

Rwanda and the Moral Obligation of Humanitarian Intervention

Author: Joshua James Kassner

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748670483

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 7362

A new approach to an issue of tremendous moral, political and legal importance, and explains why the international community should have intervened in Rwanda.
Posted in Political Science

Just War Or Just Peace?

Humanitarian Intervention and International Law

Author: Simon Chesterman

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199257997

Category: Law

Page: 295

View: 8108

The question of the legality of humanitarian intervention is, at first blush, a simple one. The Charter of the United Nations clearly prohibits the use of force, with the only exceptions being self-defence and enforcement actions authorized by the Security Council. There are, however, long-standing arguments that a right of unilateral intervention pre-existed the Charter. This book, which won the ASIL Certificate of Merit in 2002, begins with an examination of the genealogy of that right, and arguments that it might have survived the passage of the Charter, either through a loophole in Article 2(4) or as part of customary international law. It has also been argued that certain `illegitimate' regimes lose the attributes of sovereignty and thereby the protection given by the prohibition of the use of force. None of these arguments is found to have merit, either in principle or in the practice of states. A common justification for a right of unilateral humanitarian intervention concerns the failure of the collective security mechanism created after the Second World War. Chapters 4 and 5, therefore, examine Security Council activism in the 1990s, notable for the plasticity of the circumstances in which the Council was prepared to assert its primary responsibility for international peace and security, and the contingency of its actions on the willingness of states to carry them out. This reduction of the Council's role from substantive to formal partly explains therecourse to unilateralism in that decade, most spectacularly in relation to the situation in Kosovo. Crucially, the book argues that such unilateral enforcement is not a substitute for but the opposite of collective action. Though often presented as the only alternative to inaction, incorporating a `right' of intervention would lead to more such interventions being undertaken in bad faith, it would be incoherent as a principle, and it would be inimical to the emergence of an international rule of law.
Posted in Law

Humanitarian Intervention and the United Nations

Author: Norrie MacQueen

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748687890

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 8890

A concise and analytical overview of the theoretical and moral issues raised by humanitarian intervention, relating this to the recent historical record.Divided into two parts, it will first explore the setting of contemporary humanitarian interventions i
Posted in Political Science

Rethinking Humanitarian Intervention

A Fresh Legal Approach Based on Fundamental Ethical Principles in International Law and World Religions

Author: Brian D. Lepard

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 9780271046952

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 7611

Few foreign policy issues in the past decade have elicited as much controversy as the use of military force for humanitarian purposes. In this book Brian Lepard offers a new method for analyzing humanitarian intervention that seeks to resolve conflicts among legal norms by identifying ethical principles embedded in the UN Charter and international law and relating them to a pivotal principle of "unity in diversity." A special feature of the book, which avoids the charge of ethnocentricity brought against other approaches, is that Lepard shows how passages from the revered texts of seven world religions may be interpreted as supporting these ethical principles. In connecting law with ethics and religion in this way, he takes a major step forward in the effort to formulate a normative basis for international law in our multicultural world.
Posted in Social Science

Humanitarian Intervention

The United Nations in an Evolving World Order

Author: Sean D. Murphy

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812233827

Category: Law

Page: 427

View: 2550

Over the centuries, societies have gradually developed constraints on the use of armed force in the conduct of foreign relations. The crowning achievement of these efforts occurred in the midtwentieth century with the general acceptance among the states of the world that the use of military force for territorial expansion was unacceptable. A central challenge for the twenty-first century rests in reconciling these constraints with the increasing desire to protect innocent persons from human rights deprivations that often take place during civil war or result from persecution by autocratic governments. Humanitarian Intervention is a detailed look at the historical development of constraints on the use of force and at incidents of humanitarian intervention prior to, during, and after the Cold War.
Posted in Law

Humanitarian Intervention

An Inquiry Into Law and Morality

Author: Fernando R. Tesón

Publisher: Brill - Nijhoff

ISBN: 9781571052483

Category: Law

Page: 456

View: 4758

Analysis of all the Legal and Moral Issues Surrounding Humanitarian Intervention · The deaths of innocent persons & the Doctrine of Double Effect Governmental legitimacy: The Doctrine of Effective Political Control · UN Charter & evaluation of the Nicaragua ruling · The Morality of not intervening · US-led invasion of Iraq · Humanitarian intervention authorized by the UN Security Council: Iraq, Somalia, Haiti, Rwanda, and Bosnia among highlightsNATO's intervention in Kosovo · The Nicaragua Decision · The precedents of Panama, Liberia & Sierra Leone Features · New framework based on the doctrine of double effect · Basic principles of international ethics · Outline of the moral argument for humanitarian intervention · Explores the morality and legality of military action to end tyranny or anarchy · Arguments in a much more detailed and complete fashion than in previous editions · In-depth examination of philosophy of international law · The relationship between custom & moral theory · New discussion of the question of right authority · Full analysis of recent interventions in Kosovo and Iraq Passionate, lucid, and controversial, this new edition of Tesón's classic book addresses a broad interdisciplinary audience of international lawyers, philosophers, and political scientists. In this new edition the author responds to critics while updating the discussion in the light of the momentous events that took place at the beginning of the new millenium.
Posted in Law

Humanitarian Intervention

Moral and Philosophical Issues

Author: Aleksandar Jokic

Publisher: Broadview Press

ISBN: 1460401085

Category: Philosophy

Page: 160

View: 8411

International law makes it explicit that states shall not intervene militarily or otherwise in the affairs of other states; it is a central principle of the charter of the United Nations. But international law also provides an exception; when a conflict within a state poses a threat to international peace, military intervention by the UN may be warranted. (Indeed, the UN Charter provides for an international police force, though nothing has ever come of this provision). The Charter and other UN documents also assert that human rights are to be protected — but in the past the responsibility for the protection of human rights has for the most part been allowed to rest on the government of the state where the violation of rights occurs. Not surprisingly in this context, the question of what protection (if any) should be provided by the UN or otherwise to individuals when their human rights are violated by their governments or with the complicity of their governments remains a contentious issue. Should the principle of respect for state sovereignty trump the principle of respect for human rights? Historically it has been allowed to do so, but recently it has been more and more widely argued that when states fail to respect the human rights of their citizens (or of others who reside within their boundaries), they may be held accountable for their actions. Is military humanitarian intervention justifiable? And if so, under what circumstances? Those are the questions addressed in this collection of essays. The focus of the volume is on the abstract principles involved; though reference is sometimes made to specific cases, the essays here consist primarily of philosophical reflection on the abstract issues. (A companion volume on the specific issues surrounding a particular case, Lessons of Kosovo, is being published simultaneously.)
Posted in Philosophy

Humanitarian Intervention and Conflict Resolution in West Africa

From ECOMOG to ECOMIL

Author: John M. Kabia

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754674443

Category: Political Science

Page: 219

View: 4610

Taking the empirical case of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), this volume locates the peacekeeping operations of ECOWAS within an expanded post-Cold War conceptualization of humanitarian intervention. It examines the organization's capacity to protect civilians at risk in civil conflicts and to facilitate the processes of peacemaking and post-war peace-building.
Posted in Political Science

The Ethics of Armed Humanitarian Intervention

Author: Don E. Scheid

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139916491

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 3166

The question of military intervention for humanitarian purposes is a major focus for international law, the United Nations, regional organizations such as NATO, and the foreign policies of nations. Against this background, the 2011 bombing in Libya by Western nations has occasioned renewed interest and concern about armed humanitarian intervention (AHI) and the doctrine of Responsibility to Protect (RtoP). This volume brings together new essays by leading international, philosophical, and political thinkers on the moral and legal issues involved in AHI, and contains both critical and positive views of AHI. Topics include the problem of abuse and needed limitations, the future viability of RtoP and some of its problematic implications, the possibility of AHI providing space for peaceful political protest, and how AHI might be integrated with post-war justice. It is an important collection for those studying political philosophy, international relations, and humanitarian law.
Posted in Philosophy

Waging Humanitarian War

The Ethics, Law, and Politics of Humanitarian Intervention

Author: Eric Heinze

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791477088

Category: Political Science

Page: 220

View: 6036

Examines the ethical, legal, and political dimensions of military intervention for humanitarian reasons.
Posted in Political Science

Humanitarian Intervention: "Why Do States Intervene in Some Humanitarian Crises and Not Others?"

Author: Sebastian Plappert

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3640664205

Category: Humanitarian intervention

Page: 36

View: 8340

Essay from the year 2007 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Peace and Conflict Studies, Security, grade: Distinction, Macquarie University, course: IRPG 840 The International System, language: English, comment: short essay, 9 pages text, 3 pages sources, no index., abstract: This paper will argue, that the decision to intervene or not, depends on political will to do so, which itself derives from a correlation between anticipated costs and benefits. Intervention will occur only when, under consideration of all factors, the benefits outweigh the costs. After a brief review of cold war conditions, this essay will concentrate on key factors, which influence political will for humanitarian intervention in the post cold war era. All factors will be considered by supportive cases compared to Rwanda as an example for lacking political will.
Posted in Humanitarian intervention

All Necessary Measures

The United Nations and Humanitarian Intervention

Author: Carrie Booth Walling

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812208471

Category: Political Science

Page: 328

View: 5066

What prompts the United Nations Security Council to engage forcefully in some crises at high risk for genocide and ethnic cleansing but not others? In All Necessary Measures, Carrie Booth Walling identifies several systematic patterns in the stories that council members tell about conflicts and the policy solutions that result from them. Drawing on qualitative comparative case studies spanning two decades, including situations where the council has intervened to stop mass killing (Somalia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Sierra Leone) as well as situations where it has not (Rwanda, Kosovo, and Sudan), Walling posits that the arguments council members make about the cause and character of conflict as well as the source of sovereign authority in target states have the potential to enable or constrain the use of military force in defense of human rights. At a moment when constructivist scholars in international relations are pushing beyond empirical claims for the value of norms and toward critical analysis of such norms, All Necessary Measures establishes discourse's real-world explanatory power. From her comparative chronology, Walling demonstrates that humanitarian intervention becomes possible when the majority of Security Council members come to a shared understanding of the conflict, perpetrators, and victims—and probable when the Council understands state sovereignty as complementary to human rights norms. By illuminating the relationship between national interests and the core values of Security Council members and how it influences decision-making, All Necessary Measures suggests when and where the Security Council is likely to intervene in the future.
Posted in Political Science

The Just War Myth

The Moral Illusions of War

Author: Andrew Gordon Fiala

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742562011

Category: Philosophy

Page: 213

View: 4704

As war continues to be a primary topic in public debate, Andrew Fiala in The Just War Myth critically examines the concept of just war, arguing that actual wars never live up to the ideals of just war theory. The book provides a historical overview of the just war idea and also turns a critical eye on current events, including the idea of preemptive war, the use of torture, and the unreality of the Bush Doctrine.
Posted in Philosophy

Principles of International Humanitarian Law

Author: Jonathan Crowe,Kylie Weston-Scheuber

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1781002738

Category: Law

Page: 208

View: 8866

ÔThis is a concise and nuanced overview of International Humanitarian Law (IHL). The structure is unusual. While the book reflects the state of the law with accuracy and sobriety, it nevertheless shows the idealist and philosophical ambitions of the authors. Legal issues are often discussed within a wider moral and ethical context. The authors add many basics on human rights and the enforcement of international law, which are not directly relevant for IHL, but ensure the reader understands the wider picture.Õ Ð Marco Sass~li, University of Geneva, Switzerland This book provides a clear and concise explanation of the central principles of international humanitarian law (or the law of armed conflict) while situating them in a broader philosophical, ethical and legal context. The authors consider a range of wider issues relevant to international humanitarian law, including its ethical foundations, relationship to other bodies of international law and contemporary modes of enforcement. This helps to develop a richer context for understanding the law of war and a sound basis for examining the changing nature of contemporary armed conflict. The book also discusses important recent decisions by international courts and tribunals, tracks the historical development of humanitarian principles in warfare and considers the legal position of states, individuals and non-state groups. Principles of International Humanitarian Law is an important resource for students of international humanitarian law and International law academics, as well as international humanitarian law practitioners.
Posted in Law

The Iraq War

A Philosophical Analysis

Author: B. Romaya

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137055308

Category: Political Science

Page: 183

View: 7089

This book features a critique of key philosophical doctrines that dominate the Iraq war debate: just war theory, humanitarian intervention, democratic realism, and preventive war doctrine. The author evaluates each and develops a philosophical approach that offers a model for thinking through the philosophical dilemmas introduced by new wars.
Posted in Political Science