Humanitarian Invasion

Global Development in Cold War Afghanistan

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 1107112079

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 2145

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Humanitarian Invasion

Global Development in Cold War Afghanistan

Author: Timothy Nunan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107530973

Category: History

Page: 340

View: 6951

Humanitarian Invasion is the first book of its kind: a ground-level inside account of what development and humanitarianism meant for Afghanistan, a country touched by international aid like no other. Relying on Soviet, Western, and NGO archives, interviews with Soviet advisers and NGO workers, and Afghan sources, Timothy Nunan forges a vivid account of the impact of development on a country on the front lines of the Cold War. Nunan argues that Afghanistan functioned as a laboratory for the future of the Third World nation-state. If, in the 1960s, Soviets, Americans, and Germans sought to make a territorial national economy for Afghanistan, later, under military occupation, Soviet nation-builders, French and Swedish humanitarians, and Pakistani-supported guerrillas fought a transnational civil war over Afghan statehood. Covering the entire period from the Cold War to Taliban rule, Humanitarian Invasion signals the beginning of a new stage in the writing of international history.
Posted in History

Humanitarian Invasion

Global Development in Cold War Afghanistan

Author: Timothy Nunan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316483339

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 3417

Humanitarian Invasion is the first book of its kind: a ground-level inside account of what development and humanitarianism meant for Afghanistan, a country touched by international aid like no other. Relying on Soviet, Western, and NGO archives, interviews with Soviet advisers and NGO workers, and Afghan sources, Timothy Nunan forges a vivid account of the impact of development on a country on the front lines of the Cold War. Nunan argues that Afghanistan functioned as a laboratory for the future of the Third World nation-state. If, in the 1960s, Soviets, Americans, and Germans sought to make a territorial national economy for Afghanistan, later, under military occupation, Soviet nation-builders, French and Swedish humanitarians, and Pakistani-supported guerrillas fought a transnational civil war over Afghan statehood. Covering the entire period from the Cold War to Taliban rule, Humanitarian Invasion signals the beginning of a new stage in the writing of international history.
Posted in History

Humanitarian Intervention

Ethical, Legal and Political Dilemmas

Author: J. L. Holzgrefe,Robert O. Keohane

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521529280

Category: Law

Page: 350

View: 2087

An interdisciplinary approach to humanitarian intervention by experts in law, politics, and ethics.
Posted in Law

Humanitarian Intervention

The United Nations in an Evolving World Order

Author: Sean D. Murphy

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812233827

Category: Law

Page: 427

View: 4273

Over the centuries, societies have gradually developed constraints on the use of armed force in the conduct of foreign relations. The crowning achievement of these efforts occurred in the midtwentieth century with the general acceptance among the states of the world that the use of military force for territorial expansion was unacceptable. A central challenge for the twenty-first century rests in reconciling these constraints with the increasing desire to protect innocent persons from human rights deprivations that often take place during civil war or result from persecution by autocratic governments. Humanitarian Intervention is a detailed look at the historical development of constraints on the use of force and at incidents of humanitarian intervention prior to, during, and after the Cold War.
Posted in Law

Humanitarian Intervention

An Inquiry Into Law and Morality

Author: Fernando R. Tesón

Publisher: Brill - Nijhoff

ISBN: 9781571052483

Category: Law

Page: 456

View: 7766

Analysis of all the Legal and Moral Issues Surrounding Humanitarian Intervention · The deaths of innocent persons & the Doctrine of Double Effect Governmental legitimacy: The Doctrine of Effective Political Control · UN Charter & evaluation of the Nicaragua ruling · The Morality of not intervening · US-led invasion of Iraq · Humanitarian intervention authorized by the UN Security Council: Iraq, Somalia, Haiti, Rwanda, and Bosnia among highlightsNATO's intervention in Kosovo · The Nicaragua Decision · The precedents of Panama, Liberia & Sierra Leone Features · New framework based on the doctrine of double effect · Basic principles of international ethics · Outline of the moral argument for humanitarian intervention · Explores the morality and legality of military action to end tyranny or anarchy · Arguments in a much more detailed and complete fashion than in previous editions · In-depth examination of philosophy of international law · The relationship between custom & moral theory · New discussion of the question of right authority · Full analysis of recent interventions in Kosovo and Iraq Passionate, lucid, and controversial, this new edition of Tesón's classic book addresses a broad interdisciplinary audience of international lawyers, philosophers, and political scientists. In this new edition the author responds to critics while updating the discussion in the light of the momentous events that took place at the beginning of the new millenium.
Posted in Law

The Conceit of Humanitarian Intervention

Author: Rajan Menon

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199384878

Category: POLITICAL SCIENCE

Page: 256

View: 9620

"There is a veritable cottage industry of books on humanitarian intervention (the use of military force to stop atrocities) and the vast majority favors the project. The Conceit of Humanitarian Intervention challenges this consensus by pointing up the strategic, legal, and ethical problems associated with it. The book also disputes the claim that humanitarian intervention, particularly as manifested in the doctrine of "The Responsibility to Protect," has become a universal norm that offers a comprehensive and effective solution to mass killing"--
Posted in POLITICAL SCIENCE

Saving Strangers

Humanitarian Intervention in International Society

Author: Nicholas J. Wheeler

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199253104

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 8015

The extent to which humanitarian intervention has become a legitimate practice in post-cold war international society is the subject of this book. It maps the changing legitimacy of humanitarian intervention by comparing the international response to cases of humanitarian intervention in the cold war and post-cold war periods. Crucially, the book examines how far international society has recognised humanitarian intervention as a legitimate exception to the rules of sovereignty and non-intervention and non-use of force. While there are studies of each case of intervention-in East Pakistan, Cambodia, Uganda, Iraq, Somalia, Rwanda, Bosnia and Kosovo-there is no single work that examines them comprehensively in a comparative framework. Each chapter tells a story of intervention that weaves together a study of motives, justifications and outcomes. The legitimacy of humanitarian intervention is contested by the 'pluralist' and 'solidarist' wings of the English school, and the bookcharts the stamp of these conceptions on state practice. Solidarism lacks a full-blown theory of humanitarian intervention and the book supplies one. This theory is employed to assess the humanitarian qualifications of the cases of intervention analysed in the book, and this normative assessment is then compared to the moral practices of states. A key focus is to examine how far humanitarian intervention as a legitimate practice is present in the diplomatic dialogue of states. In exploringhow far there has been a change of norm in the society of states in the 1990s, the book defends the broad based constructivist claim that state actions will be constrained if they cannot be legitimated, and that new norms enable new practices but do not determine these. The book concludes by considering how far contemporary practices of humanitarian intervention support a new solidarism, and how far this resolves the traditional conflict between order and justice in international society.
Posted in Political Science

New Generation Draws the Line

Kosovo, East Timor, and the "Responsibility to Protect" Today

Author: Noam Chomsky

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317255429

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 5986

How do we understand the role and ethics of humanitarian intervention in today’s world? This expanded and updated edition is timely as the West weighs intervention in Libyan civil war. Discussions of Libyan intervention involved the international principle of “the right to protect” (R2P). Chomsky dissects the meaning and uses of this international instrument in a new chapter. Other chapters from the book help readers understand the West’s uses and abuses of “humanitarian intervention,” which is not always what it seems, including detailed studies of East Timor and Kosovo.
Posted in Social Science

Humanitarian Intervention

An Introduction

Author: Aidan Hehir

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137301570

Category: Political Science

Page: 372

View: 7430

A broad-ranging introduction to the theory, practice and politics of humanitarian intervention in the contemporary world. This second edition has been fully updated and includes a new chapter on Libya and the Arab Spring.
Posted in Political Science

Humanitarian Imperialism

Using Human Rights to Sell War

Author: Jean Bricmont

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1583674888

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 2207

Since the end of the Cold War, the idea of human rights has been made into a justification for intervention by the world's leading economic and military powers—above all, the United States—in countries that are vulnerable to their attacks. The criteria for such intervention have become more arbitrary and self-serving, and their form more destructive, from Yugoslavia to Afghanistan to Iraq. Until the U.S. invasion of Iraq, the large parts of the left was often complicit in this ideology of intervention—discovering new “Hitlers” as the need arose, and denouncing antiwar arguments as appeasement on the model of Munich in 1938. Jean Bricmont’s Humanitarian Imperialism is both a historical account of this development and a powerful political and moral critique. It seeks to restore the critique of imperialism to its rightful place in the defense of human rights. It describes the leading role of the United States in initiating military and other interventions, but also on the obvious support given to it by European powers and NATO. It outlines an alternative approach to the question of human rights, based on the genuine recognition of the equal rights of people in poor and wealthy countries. Timely, topical, and rigorously argued, Jean Bricmont’s book establishes a firm basis for resistance to global war with no end in sight.
Posted in Political Science

Sowing Chaos

Libya in the Wake of Humanitarian Intervention

Author: Paolo Sensini

Publisher: SCB Distributors

ISBN: 0986085383

Category: Libya

Page: 283

View: 8768

In early 2011, Libya came under attack. The anti-Libya coalition included France, the United Kingdom, the feudal Gulf monarchies, the United States and other NATO countries. Although during the previous months, Muammar Qaddafi had visited the nations of Europe where he was welcomed as the head of a friendly State, the United Nations swiftly approved the coalition-sponsored U-turn, undertaken in the guise of humanitarian intervention to protect the Libyan people. Qaddafi was branded a bloodthirsty, crazed dictator, intending and carrying out war crimes to suppress a legitimate domestic revolt. This narrative was part of a larger-scale Western strategy adopted to redesign the entire Middle East in accordance with its interests. Immediately after the start of the NATO campaign of airstrikes, Paolo Sensini visited Tripoli as a member of the Fact Finding Commission on the Current Events in Libya . He then wrote a fully detailed account of the real reasons for the attack on Libya, and the outcome. This book outlines the historical background of the last hundred years and more, from the main phases of the Italian military occupation (1911-1943) to the dramatic events of our own times, including an account of the post-war monarchy and Qaddafi s rise to power, the airstrikes on Tripoli and Benghazi ordered by Reagan in 1986, and the Lockerbie affair. Sensini exposes the falsehoods propagated in 2011 of the alleged mass graves and 10,000 deaths . He takes a close look at the rebels in Benghazi goaded on by Islamic fundamentalists but organised, armed and financed by the West. The rebels provided the pretexts that West needed for approval of UN Resolution 1973 -- the humanitarian myth of responsibility to protect (R2P). This criminal intervention devastated Libya, unleashing chaos and a civil war unlikely to cease in the near future. Sensini addresses what has followed in its wake: the 11 September 2012 murder of American Ambassador Chris Stevens, the role of Hillary Clinton, and the plight of untold waves of migrants seeking to flee the continental chaos that R2P has unleashed, resulting in thousands of deaths and drownings across the Mediterranean, and the potential destabilization of European states struggling to cope with the mass influx."
Posted in Libya

Rwanda and the Moral Obligation of Humanitarian Intervention

Author: Joshua James Kassner

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748670483

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 2898

A new approach to an issue of tremendous moral, political and legal importance, and explains why the international community should have intervened in Rwanda.
Posted in Political Science

Humanitarian Intervention and the United Nations

Author: Norrie MacQueen

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748636986

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 5535

Explores the UN's track record of military action, from cold war 'brushfire' peacekeeping to the fractured globalisation of the contemporary worldMacQueen assesses armed humanitarian intervention on a region-by-region basis, from the Balkans to Africa, the Middle East to Southeast Asia. Using empirical evidence, he compiles a 'balance sheet' of the UN's successes and failures and asks hard questions about humanitarian intervention's short and long-term value.* Presents a concise analytical overview of the theoretical, moral and practical issues* Case study chapters on sub-Saharan Africa, the Balkans and East Timor* Confronts hard questions about the short and long-term value of these interventions
Posted in Political Science

Humanitarian Crises and Intervention

Reassessing the Impact of Mass Media

Author: Walter C. Soderlund

Publisher: Kumarian Press

ISBN: 1565492617

Category: Political Science

Page: 335

View: 3778

As the Cold War began to wind down in the early '90s, former colonies were besieged by a string of humanitarian crises that killed millions of people and forced many more to leave their homes and livelihoods. This book shows how the international community, led by the U.S., responded to ten humanitarian crises.
Posted in Political Science

Humanitarian Intervention

The United Nations in an Evolving World Order

Author: Sean D. Murphy

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812233827

Category: Law

Page: 427

View: 9807

Over the centuries, societies have gradually developed constraints on the use of armed force in the conduct of foreign relations. The crowning achievement of these efforts occurred in the midtwentieth century with the general acceptance among the states of the world that the use of military force for territorial expansion was unacceptable. A central challenge for the twenty-first century rests in reconciling these constraints with the increasing desire to protect innocent persons from human rights deprivations that often take place during civil war or result from persecution by autocratic governments. Humanitarian Intervention is a detailed look at the historical development of constraints on the use of force and at incidents of humanitarian intervention prior to, during, and after the Cold War.
Posted in Law

Writings on War

Author: Carl Schmitt,Timothy Nunan

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745652964

Category: Political Science

Page: 243

View: 8698

Writings on War collects three of Carl Schmitt's most important and controversial texts, here appearing in English for the first time: The Turn to the Discriminating Concept of War, The Großraum Order of International Law, and The International Crime of the War of Aggression and the Principle "Nullum crimen, nulla poena sine lege". Written between 1937 and 1945, these works articulate Schmitt's concerns throughout this period of war and crisis, addressing the major failings of the League of Nations, and presenting Schmitt's own conceptual history of these years of disaster for international jurisprudence. For Schmitt, the jurisprudence of Versailles and Nuremberg both fail to provide for a stable international system, insofar as they attempt to impose universal standards of ‘humanity' on a heterogeneous world, and treat efforts to revise the status quo as ‘criminal' acts of war. In place of these flawed systems, Schmitt argues for a new planetary order in which neither collective security organizations nor 19th century empires, but Schmittian ‘Reichs' will be the leading subject of international law. Writings on War will be essential reading for those seeking to understand the work of Carl Schmitt, the history of international law and the international system, and interwar European history. Not only do these writings offer an erudite point of entry into the dynamic and charged world of interwar European jurisprudence; they also speak with prescience to a 21st century world struggling with similar issues of global governance and international law.
Posted in Political Science

Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility to Protect

Security and Human Rights

Author: Cristina Gabriela Badescu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113685021X

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 1856

This book explores attempts to develop a more acceptable account of the principles and mechanisms associated with humanitarian intervention, which has become known as the ‘Responsibility to Protect’ (R2P). Cases of genocide and mass violence have raised endless debates about the theory and practice of humanitarian intervention to save innocent lives. Since the humanitarian tragedies in Rwanda, Burundi, Bosnia, Kosovo and elsewhere, states have begun advocating a right to undertake interventions to stop mass violations of human rights from occurring. Their central concern rests with whether the UN’s current regulations on the use of force meet the challenges of the post-Cold War world, and in particular the demands of addressing humanitarian emergencies. International actors tend to agree that killing civilians as a necessary part of state formation is no longer acceptable, nor is standing by idly in the face of massive violations of human rights. And yet, respect for the sovereign rights of states remains central among the ordering principles of the international community. How can populations affected by egregious human rights violations be protected? How can the legal constraints on the use of force and respect for state sovereignty be reconciled with the international community’s willingness and readiness to take action in such instances? And more importantly, how can protection be offered when the Security Council, which is responsible for authorizing the use of force when threats to international peace and security occur, is paralyzed? The author addresses these issues, arguing that R2P is the best framework available at present to move the humanitarian intervention debate forward. This book will be of interest to students of the responsibility to protect, war and conflict studies, human security, international organisations, security studies and IR in general.
Posted in Political Science

A Matter of Principle

Humanitarian Arguments for War in Iraq

Author: Thomas Cushman

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520245555

Category: History

Page: 372

View: 7197

Disputing the idea that the only true liberal position on the war is to be against it, this volume charts an invaluable third course, a path determined by a strong liberal commitment to human rights, solidarity with the oppressed, and a firm stand against fascism, totalitarianism, and tyranny. The scholarship contained in this collection is superior it includes the leading and most sophisticated advocates of liberal internationalism from the worlds of the academy, politics and the media. The arguments are complex and nuanced, and contribute to a new understanding of the Iraq war, Richard A. Wilson, Director of the Human Rights Institute, University of Connecticut, this is a first rate collection
Posted in History

Rwanda and the Moral Obligation of Humanitarian Intervention

Author: Joshua James Kassner

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748670483

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 6602

A new approach to an issue of tremendous moral, political and legal importance, and explains why the international community should have intervened in Rwanda.
Posted in Political Science