Humanitarian Ethics

A Guide to the Morality of Aid in War and Disaster

Author: Hugo Slim

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190613327

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 6757

Humanitarians are required to be impartial, independent, professionally competent and focused only on preventing and alleviating human suffering. It can be hard living up to these principles when others do not share them, while persuading political and military authorities and non-state actors to let an agency assist on the ground requires savvy ethical skills. Getting first to a conflict or natural catastrophe is only the beginning, as aid workers are usually and immediately presented with practical and moral questions about what to do next. For example, when does working closely with a warring party or an immoral regime move from practical cooperation to complicity in human rights violations? Should one operate in camps for displaced people and refugees if they are effectively places of internment? Do humanitarian agencies inadvertently encourage ethnic cleansing by always being ready to 'mop-up' the consequences of scorched earth warfare? This book has been written to help humanitarians assess and respond to these and other ethical dilemmas.
Posted in Philosophy

Dilemmas, Challenges, and Ethics of Humanitarian Action

Reflections on MŽdecins Sans Fronti�res' Perception Project

Author: Caroline Abu-Sada

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 0773540857

Category: Political Science

Page: 138

View: 9253

What are the ethical issues involved in providing humanitarian aid? What is the real impact of humanitarian groups? Médecins Sans Frontières sought to answer these questions in the Perception Project, a study that spanned four years and more than ten countries. MSF interviewed close to 7,000 people in order to understand the ways that patients, populations, authorities, and communities perceive the Nobel Peace Prize-winning organization's principles and medical practices. While the quality of its medical action is renowned and praised, MSF struggles with the ability to respond to crises, the safety of its teams, and the development of effective interactions with diverse populations and authorities. Dilemmas, Challenges, and Ethics of Humanitarian Action is a series of reflections on the Perception Project that presents the insights and analyses of authors from a diverse array of fields including communications, ethics, medicine, humanitarian studies, and political science. At a time when humanitarian aid is under increasing scrutiny, this book provides insiders' perspectives on how one of largest and most influential non-governmental medical organizations can better serve those in need. Contributors include Caroline Abu-Sada (MSF Switzerland), Naomi Adelson (York University) Donald C. Cole (University of Toronto), François Cooren (Université de Montréal), Sonya De Laat (McMaster University), Laurie Elit (McMaster University), Larissa Fast (University of Notre-Dame), Matthew Hunt ( McGill University), Kirsten Johnson (McGill University), Khurshida Mambetova (Former MSF Canada), Frédéric Matte (Université de Montréal), John D. Pringle (University of Toronto), Lynda Redwood-Campbell (McMaster University), Lisa Schwartz (University of McMaster), Chris Sinding (McMaster), Jennifer Ranford (University of Waterloo), Peter Walker (Feinstein International Center, Tufts University).
Posted in Political Science

Routledge Handbook of Ethics and International Relations

Author: Brent J. Steele,Eric Heinze

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429761872

Category: Political Science

Page: 602

View: 5877

Ethics and International Relations (IR), once considered along the margins of the IR field, has emerged as one of the most eclectic and interdisciplinary research areas today. Yet the same diversity that enriches this field also makes it a difficult one to characterize. Is it, or should it only be, the social-scientific pursuit of explaining and understanding how ethics influences the behaviours of actors in international relations? Or, should it be a field characterized by what the world should be like, based on philosophical, normative and policy-based arguments? This Handbook suggests that it can actually be both, as the contributions contained therein demonstrate how those two conceptions of Ethics and International Relations are inherently linked. Seeking to both provide an overview of the field and to drive debates forward, this Handbook is framed by an opening chapter providing a concise and accessible overview of the complex history of the field of Ethics and IR, and a conclusion that discusses how the field may progress in the future and what subjects are likely to rise to prominence. Within are 44 distinct and original contributions from scholars teaching and researching in the field, which are structured around 8 key thematic sections: Philosophical Resources International Relations Theory Religious Traditions International Security and Just War Justice, Rights and Global Governance International Intervention Global Economics Environment, Health and Migration Drawing together a diverse range of scholars, the Routledge Handbook of Ethics and International Relations provides a cutting-edge overview of the field by bringing together these eclectic, albeit dynamic, themes and topics. It will be an essential resource for students and scholars alike.
Posted in Political Science

Kultur in den internationalen Beziehungen

Völkerrecht – Nationalismus – Religion – Neoliberalismus

Author: Martin List,Jan Niklas Rolf

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658207892

Category: Political Science

Page: 252

View: 815

Völkerrecht und Menschenrechte, Solidarität, Nationalismus, Religion, Konsumerismus und Neoliberalismus – wie lässt sich die Wirksamkeit solch kultureller Faktoren in der internationalen Politik angemessen analysieren? Die Eignung unterschiedlicher Theorien der Internationalen Beziehungen hierfür wird in diesem Lehrbuch erörtert und sodann anhand der genannten Themenbereiche demonstriert. Dabei verfolgt die Einführung für fortgeschrittene Bachelor- und Master-Studierende eine herrschaftskritische Perspektive.
Posted in Political Science

Ethics of Humanitarian Interventions

Author: Georg Meggle

Publisher: Ontos Verlag

ISBN: 9783937202587

Category: Philosophy

Page: 382

View: 4431

"Humanitarian intervention" became the justification for approximately 37,000 NATO air raids against Serbia/Yugoslavia in 1999. Because it was presented in those terms, rather than the war it actually was, the operation received broad public blessing in most NATO countries. The only drawback was the lack of a mandate from the United Nations. This book addresses the moral questions resulting from this war and its justifications.
Posted in Philosophy

Humanitarian Action and Ethics

Author: Ayesha Ahmad,James Smith

Publisher: Zed Books

ISBN: 9781786992673

Category:

Page: 400

View: 7353

From natural disaster areas to conflict zones, humanitarian workers today find themselves operating in diverse and difficult environments. While humanitarian work has always presented unique ethical challenges, such efforts are now further complicated by the impact of globalization, the escalating refugee crisis, and mounting criticisms of established humanitarian practice. Featuring contributions from humanitarian practitioners, health professionals, and social and political scientists, this book explores the question of ethics in modern humanitarian work, drawing on the lived experience of humanitarian workers themselves. Its contributors have worked in some of the most difficult humanitarian situations today, and their experiences provide essential case studies that cover humanitarian work in countries ranging from Haiti and South Sudan to Syria and Iraq. It addresses issues such as gender-based violence, migration, and the growing phenomenon of "volunteer tourism." Together, these contributions offer new perspectives on humanitarian ethics, as well as insight into how such ethical considerations might inform more effective approaches to humanitarian work.
Posted in

Ethics and Foreign Policy

Author: Karen E. Smith,Margot Light

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521009300

Category: Law

Page: 223

View: 1380

Democratic citizenship possible: MERVYN FROST
Posted in Law

Research Ethics in Complex Humanitarian Emergencies

Summary of a Workshop

Author: National Research Council,Committee on Population,Roundtable on the Demography of Forced Migration

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309169172

Category: Social Science

Page: 28

View: 1547

Situations involving conflict and forced migration have become increasingly commonplace in today's world. The need to understand the causes, consequences, and characteristics of these situations is creating a burgeoning field of research. But given the nature of complex emergency settings, traditional research guidelines may be inappropriate. The research and policy community has recognized this problem and has begun to address issues surrounding the ethics of doing research in emergency settings and among conflict-affected and displaced populations. The Roundtable on the Demography of Forced Migration, under the aegis of the Committee on Population of the National Research Council, held a workshop to examine some of these issues. This report to the roundtable summarizes the workshop presentations and discussion.
Posted in Social Science

The Ethics of Armed Humanitarian Intervention

Author: Don E. Scheid

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107036364

Category: Law

Page: 294

View: 8709

New essays on philosophical, legal, and moral aspects of armed humanitarian intervention, including discussion of the 2011 bombing in Libya.
Posted in Law

Waging Humanitarian War

The Ethics, Law, and Politics of Humanitarian Intervention

Author: Eric Heinze

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791477088

Category: Political Science

Page: 220

View: 6572

Examines the ethical, legal, and political dimensions of military intervention for humanitarian reasons.
Posted in Political Science

First Do No Harm: Medical Ethics in International Humanitarian Law

Author: Sigrid Mehring

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9004279164

Category: Political Science

Page: 512

View: 2608

In First Do No harm: Medical Ethics in International Humanitarian Law Sigrid Mehring provides a comprehensive overview of the legal and ethical framework guiding physicians in armed conflict. Due to its timeliness, the book is invaluable to practitioners and legal scholars alike.
Posted in Political Science

Humanitarianism in Question

Politics, Power, Ethics

Author: Michael Barnett,Thomas G. Weiss

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801465087

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 3936

Years of tremendous growth in response to complex emergencies have left a mark on the humanitarian sector. Various matters that once seemed settled are now subjects of intense debate. What is humanitarianism? Is it limited to the provision of relief to victims of conflict, or does it include broader objectives such as human rights, democracy promotion, development, and peacebuilding? For much of the last century, the principles of humanitarianism were guided by neutrality, impartiality, and independence. More recently, some humanitarian organizations have begun to relax these tenets. The recognition that humanitarian action can lead to negative consequences has forced humanitarian organizations to measure their effectiveness, to reflect on their ethical positions, and to consider not only the values that motivate their actions but also the consequences of those actions. In the indispensable Humanitarianism in Question, Michael Barnett and Thomas G. Weiss bring together scholars from a variety of disciplines to address the humanitarian identity crisis, including humanitarianism's relationship to accountability, great powers, privatization and corporate philanthropy, warlords, and the ethical evaluations that inform life-and-death decision making during and after emergencies.
Posted in Political Science

Experiencing War

Author: Christine Sylvester

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136888527

Category: History

Page: 152

View: 2880

This edited collection explores aspects of contemporary war that affect average people –physically, emotionally, and ethically through activities ranging from combat to television viewing. The aim of this work is to supplement the usual emphasis on strategic and national issues of war in the interest of theorizing aspects of war from the point of view of individual experience, be the individual a combatant, a casualty, a supporter, opponent, recorder, veteran, distant viewer, an international lawyer, an ethicist or other intellectual. This volume presents essays that push the boundaries of war studies and war thinking, without promoting one kind of theory or methodology for studying war as experiential politics, but with an eye to exploring the possibilities and encouraging others to take up the new agenda. It includes new and challenging thinking on humanitarianism and war, new wars in the Third World, gender and war thinking, and the sense of the body within war that inspires recent UN resolutions. It also gives examples that can change our understanding of who is located where doing what with respect to war –women warriors in Sierra Leone, war survivors living with their memories, and even an artist drawing something seemingly intangible about war –the arms trade. The unique aspect of this book is its purposive pulling together of foci and theoretical and methodological perspectives from a number of disciplines on a variety of contemporary wars. Arguably, war is an activity that engages the attention, the politics, and the lives of many people. To theorize it with those lives and perspectives in mind, recognizing the political contexts of war, is long overdue. This inter-disciplinary book will be of much interest to students of war studies, critical security studies, gender studies, sociology and IR in general.
Posted in History

Ethics and Security in Canadian Foreign Policy

Author: Rosalind Irwin

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 9780774808637

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 3102

This collection brings together a wide range of authoritative,informed perspectives on issues of ethics and security facingCanadians, linking abstract analytical and philosophical questions tothe critical and challenging questions of decision-making practice inCanadian foreign policy. Contributors deal with both the abstractnotions of value, culture, norms, and ethics, and the concretequestions of policy, law, and enforcement. They assess the challengesand the opportunities presented by new concepts, such as humansecurity, mutual vulnerability, soft power, and niche diplomacy, forforeign policy decision making.
Posted in History

Ethics in International Affairs

Theories and Cases

Author: Andrew Valls

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847691579

Category: Philosophy

Page: 241

View: 6473

As the essays in this new collection make clear, the division between what is in the national interest and what can be morally justified is often questionable. One reason is that the citizens who vote for the governments that make and carry out policy are not indifferent to the moral justifiability or lack of it of those policies.
Posted in Philosophy

Gutes besser tun

Wie wir mit effektivem Altruismus die Welt verändern können

Author: William MacAskill

Publisher: Ullstein eBooks

ISBN: 3843713391

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 4646

Soll ich einen Flüchtling bei mir beherbergen? Ist es sinnvoll, nach Naturkatastrophen zu spenden? Übernehme ich besser die Patenschaft für ein Kind aus Äthiopien oder für ein Kind aus Deutschland? Helfe ich den Betroffenen, oder beruhige ich nur mein Gewissen? William MacAskill hat mit dem Konzept des effektiven Altruismus eine Antwort gefunden. Er nennt die Kriterien für sinnvolles und nachhaltiges Helfen. Oft sind es scheinbar kleine Handlungen, die Großes bewirken: Eine einfache Wurmkur verbessert die Lebensqualität afrikanischer Kinder mehr als eine teure Wasserpumpe fürs ganze Dorf. MacAskill zeigt, warum gut gemeint und gut gemacht zwei verschiedene Dinge sind und wie wir Veränderungen am besten erreichen können. Sein Buch ist eine konkrete Handreichung für alle, die Gutes noch besser tun wollen.
Posted in Social Science

Reflections on humanitarian action

principles, ethics, and contradictions

Author: Humanitarian Studies Unit

Publisher: Pluto Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 203

View: 5077

A systematic guide to the central problems involved in humanitarian action.
Posted in Business & Economics