Hubbard Brook

The Story of a Forest Ecosystem

Author: Richard T. Holmes,Gene E. Likens

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300203640

Category: Forest ecology

Page: 288

View: 9164

A beautifully illustrated overview and synthesis of how scientists have used a living forest as an experimental laboratory for more than 50 years For more than 50 years, the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest in the White Mountains of New Hampshire has been one of the most intensely studied landscapes on earth. This book highlights many of the important ecological findings amassed during the long-term research conducted there, and considers their regional, national, and global implications. Richard T. Holmes and Gene E. Likens, active members of the research team at Hubbard Brook since its beginnings, explain the scientific processes employed in the forest-turned-laboratory. They describe such important findings as the discovery of acid rain, ecological effects of forest management practices, and the causes of population change in forest birds, as well as how disturbance events, pests and pathogens, and a changing climate affect forest and associated aquatic ecosystems. The authors show how such long-term, place-based ecological studies are relevant for informing many national, regional, and local environmental issues, such as air pollution, water quality, ecosystem management, and conservation.
Posted in Forest ecology

The Oxford Handbook of Environmental History

Author: Andrew C. Isenberg

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199394474

Category: Science

Page: 640

View: 9631

The field of environmental history emerged just decades ago but has established itself as one of the most innovative and important new approaches to history, one that bridges the human and natural world, the humanities and the sciences. With the current trend towards internationalizing history, environmental history is perhaps the quintessential approach to studying subjects outside the nation-state model, with pollution, global warming, and other issues affecting the earth not stopping at national borders. With 25 essays, this Handbook is global in scope and innovative in organization, looking at the field thematically through such categories as climate, disease, oceans, the body, energy, consumerism, and international relations.
Posted in Science

Bevor die Welt erwacht

Roman

Author: Monica Wood

Publisher: Ullstein eBooks

ISBN: 3843712824

Category: Fiction

Page: 384

View: 2514

Eine zauberhafte Freundschaft und das Versprechen: Mit jedem Tag beginnt eine neue Zukunft. Warum ausgerechnet Ona? Als Quinn die 104-jährige Frau kennenlernt, fragt er sich, was sein zarter, verschlossener Sohn so an ihr mochte. Denn Ona ist kantig, eigensinnig, voller verstecktem Humor — und scheint so gar nichts mit der Welt eines 11-Jährigen zu tun zu haben. Doch jetzt ist der Junge tot, und Quinn voll Wut und Trauer. Nur Ona kann ihm zeigen, wie sein Sohn wirklich war. Quinn begibt sich auf eine ungewöhnliche Entdeckungsreise — zu Onas wilden Geschichten aus dem Leben, zurück zu dem letzten Wunsch seines Kindes und bis zu dem Punkt, an dem aus seiner tiefen Verzweiflung neue Hoffnung wächst.
Posted in Fiction

Long-Term Response of a Forest Watershed Ecosystem

Clearcutting in the Southern Appalachians

Author: Wayne T. Swank,Jackson R. Webster

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199708401

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 5926

Our North American forests are no longer the wild areas of past centuries; they are an economic and ecological resource undergoing changes from both natural and management disturbances. A watershed-scale and long-term perspective of forest ecosystem responses is requisite to understanding and predicting cause and effect relationships. This book synthesizes interdisciplinary studies conducted over thirty years, to evaluate responses of a clear-cut, cable-logged watershed at the Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory in the Nantahala Mountain Range of western North Carolina. This research was the result of collaboration among Forest Service and university researchers on the most studied watershed in the Lab's 78-year history. During the experiment, a variety of natural disturbances occurred: two record floods, two record droughts, a major hurricane, a blizzard of the century, major forest diseases, and insect infestations. These disturbances provided a unique opportunity to study how they altered the recovery of the forest ecosystem. This book also shows that some long-term forest trends cannot be forecast from short-term findings, which could lead to incorrect conclusions of cause and effect relationships and natural resource management decisions.
Posted in Science

Edible Forest Gardens, Volume I

Ecological Vision, Theory for Temperate Climate Permaculture

Author: Dave Jacke,Eric Toensmeier

Publisher: Chelsea Green Publishing

ISBN: 1931498792

Category: Gardening

Page: 377

View: 7060

Edible Forest Gardens is a groundbreaking two-volume work that spells out and explores the key concepts of forest ecology and applies them to the needs of natural gardeners in temperate climates. Volume I lays out the vision of the forest garden and explains the basic ecological principles that make it work. Edible Forest Gardens offer an advanced course in ecological gardening--one that will forever change the way you look at plants and your environment.
Posted in Gardening

The Moon in the Nautilus Shell

Discordant Harmonies Reconsidered

Author: Daniel B. Botkin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019997697X

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 5283

Why do we keep talking about so many environmental problems and rarely solve any? If these are scientific issues, then why can't scientists solve them or at least agree on what to do? In his new book, The Moon in the Nautilus Shell, ecologist Daniel Botkin explains why. For one thing, although we live in a world of constantly changing environments and talk a lot about climate change, most of our environmental laws, policies, and scientific premises are based on the idea that the environment is constant, never changing, except when people affect it. For another, we have lost contact with nature in personal ways. Disconnected from our surroundings, we lack the deep understanding and feelings about the environment to make meaningful judgments. The environment has become just another one of those special interests that interferes with our lives. Poised to be a core text of the twenty-first century environmental movement, The Moon in the Nautilus Shell challenges us to think critically about our role in nature.
Posted in Science

Ecological Climatology

Concepts and Applications

Author: Gordon B. Bonan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521804769

Category: Nature

Page: 678

View: 1044

Climate change and land-use are typically seen as independent environmental research problems. The causes of climate change are the venue of atmospheric scientists who describe climate change in light of various forcings: greenhouse gases, volcanic eruptions, and oceanic circulation. Land-use is the venue of ecologists, who are concerned with how, for example, deforestation affects biodiversity and biogeochemical cycles. This book integrates these two lines of study to present the idea that how people use land and alter the natural vegetation cover is also a significant feedback within the climate system.
Posted in Nature

Shaping Biology

The National Science Foundation and American Biological Research, 1945-1975

Author: Toby A. Appel

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 0801873479

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 9728

Historians of the postwar transformation of science have focused largely on the physical sciences, especially the relation of science to the military funding agencies. In Shaping Biology, Toby A. Appel brings attention to the National Science Foundation and federal patronage of the biological sciences. Scientists by training, NSF biologists hoped in the 1950s that the new agency would become the federal government's chief patron for basic research in biology, the only agency to fund the entire range of biology—from molecules to natural history museums—for its own sake. Appel traces how this vision emerged and developed over the next two and a half decades, from the activities of NSF's Division of Biological and Medical Sciences, founded in 1952, through the cold war expansion of the 1950s and 1960s and the constraints of the Vietnam War era, to its reorganization out of existence in 1975. This history of NSF highlights fundamental tensions in science policy that remain relevant today: the pull between basic and applied science; funding individuals versus funding departments or institutions; elitism versus distributive policies of funding; issues of red tape and accountability. In this NSF-funded study, Appel explores how the agency developed, how it worked, and what difference it made in shaping modern biology in the United States. Based on formerly untapped archival sources as well as on interviews of participants, and building upon prior historical literature, Shaping Biology covers new ground and raises significant issues for further research on postwar biology and on federal funding of science in general. -- Margaret RossiterCornell University, author of Women Scientists in America: Before Affirmative Action, 1940-1972
Posted in Science

Collaboration in the New Life Sciences

Author: Dr Bart Penders,Dr John N Parker,Professor Niki Vermeulen

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409492656

Category: Social Science

Page: 286

View: 9632

In recent years the organisation and practice of collaboration in the life sciences has undergone radical transformations, owing to the advent of big science enterprises, newly developed data gathering and storage technologies, increasing levels of interdisciplinarity, and changing societal expectations for science. Collaboration in the New Life Sciences examines the causes and consequences of changing patterns of scientific collaboration in the life sciences. This book presents an understanding of how and why collaboration in the life sciences is changing and the effects of these changes on scientific knowledge, the work lives and experiences of scientists, social policy and society. Through a series of thematically arranged chapters, it considers the social, technical, and organizational facets of collaboration, addressing not only the rise of new forms of collaboration in the life sciences, but also examining recent developments in two broad research areas: ecology and environment, and the molecular life sciences. With an international team of experts presenting case studies and analyses drawn from the US, UK, Asia and Europe, Collaboration in the New Life Sciences will appeal not only to scholars and students of science and technology studies, but also to those interested in science and social policy, and the sociology of work and organisations.
Posted in Social Science

Forstästhetik

Author: Heinrich von Salisch

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642944930

Category: Philosophy

Page: 436

View: 9156

Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.
Posted in Philosophy

Changes in the Land

Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England

Author: William Cronon

Publisher: Hill and Wang

ISBN: 142992828X

Category: Nature

Page: 288

View: 3134

Winner of the Francis Parkman Prize Changes in the Land offers an original and persuasive interpretation of the changing circumstances in New England's plant and animal communities that occurred with the shift from Indian to European dominance. With the tools of both historian and ecologist, Cronon constructs an interdisciplinary analysis of how the land and the people influenced one another, and how that complex web of relationships shaped New England's communities.
Posted in Nature

Biogeochemical Investigations of Terrestrial, Freshwater, and Wetland Ecosystems across the Globe

Author: R. Kelman Wieder,Martin Novák,Melanie A. Vile

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400709528

Category: Science

Page: 748

View: 4659

Here is a collection of papers from BIOGEOMON, The Fourth International Symposium on Ecosystem Behavior. The contributions address a wider-than-ever range of concerns: aspects of catchment monitoring and modeling; nitrogen transformations and processes; stable and radiogenic isotopes; biogeochemistry of restored ecosystems; and the dynamics of such chemicals as mercury and phosphorous, among many other topics.
Posted in Science

Studying Successional Pathways in Forest Communities

An Annotated Bibliography

Author: Julie A. Elliot,David M. Morris,Jamie L. Kantor,Ontario. Ministry of Natural Resources,Ontario Forest Research Institute

Publisher: Thunder Bay : Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources

ISBN: N.A

Category: Forest ecology

Page: 320

View: 1995

Posted in Forest ecology

Supply-Side Sustainability

Author: Timothy F. H. Allen,Joseph A. Tainter,Thomas W. Hoekstra

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231504071

Category: Science

Page: 440

View: 7078

While environmentalists insist that lower rates of consumption of natural resources are essential for a sustainable future, many economists dismiss the notion that resource limits act to constrain modern, creative societies. The conflict between these views tinges political debate at all levels and hinders our ability to plan for the future. Supply-Side Sustainability offers a fresh approach to this dilemma by integrating ecological and social science approaches in an interdisciplinary treatment of sustainability. Written by two ecologists and an anthropologist, this book discusses organisms, landscapes, populations, communities, biomes, the biosphere, ecosystems and energy flows, as well as patterns of sustainability and collapse in human societies, from hunter-gatherer groups to empires to today's industrial world. These diverse topics are integrated within a new framework that translates the authors' advances in hierarchy and complexity theory into a form useful to professionals in science, government, and business. The result is a much-needed blueprint for a cost-effective management regime, one that makes problem-solving efforts themselves sustainable over time. The authors demonstrate that long-term, cost-effective resource management can be achieved by managing the contexts of productive systems, rather than by managing the commodities that natural systems produce.
Posted in Science

Responses of forest ecosystems to environmental changes

Author: Aaron J. Teller,Commission of the European Communities,European Science Foundation

Publisher: Kluwer Academic Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 1009

View: 6459

This book provides the basis for a comprehensive assessment of forest ecosystem research in Europe, an extensive presentation and discussion of the latest original research findings and important guidelines for policy matters.
Posted in Nature