How Humans Evolved

Seventh Edition

Author: Robert Boyd,Joan B. Silk

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393936775

Category: Social Science

Page: 440

View: 5832

How Humans Evolved teaches the processes that shape human evolution with a unique blend of evolutionary theory, population genetics, and behavioral ecology. The new edition continues to offer the most up-to-date research—in particular, significantly revised coverage of how recent discoveries are shaping our history of human evolution—while now giving you the best tools to engage your students in and out of the classroom.
Posted in Social Science

How Humans Evolved

Author: Robert Boyd,Professor of Anthropology Robert Boyd

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780393117783

Category: Human evolution

Page: 538

View: 5676

Posted in Human evolution

How Humans Evolved

Author: Robert Boyd (Ph. D.),Joan B. Silk

Publisher: W W Norton & Company Incorporated

ISBN: 9780393974775

Category: Social Science

Page: 652

View: 2017

This is a compelling account of the evolution of the human species. This successful introductory text shows how an understanding of evolutionary theory and a knowledge of primate behavioral ecology can be combined with clues from the fossil and archaeological records to explain why we look and act the way we do.
Posted in Social Science

How Humans Evolved

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1619065029

Category: Education

Page: 80

View: 7608

Facts101 is your complete guide to How Humans Evolved. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.
Posted in Education

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 7794

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
Posted in History

Basiswissen Archäologie

Theorien, Methoden, Praxis

Author: Colin Renfrew,Paul G. Bahn

Publisher: Philipp Von Zabern Verlag Gmbh

ISBN: 9783805339483

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 6061

Mit mehr als 150.000 verkauften Exemplaren gilt der Band Archaeology: Theories, Methods and Practice im englischsprachigen Raum bereits jetzt als Standardwerk im Fach Archaologie. Diese jetzt erstmals auf Deutsch vorliegende sorgfaltig uberarbeitete und zum Teil vollig neu geschriebene Fassung ist eine ausserst gut lesbare Einfuhrung fur alle, die sich fur Archaologie interessieren und eine kompakte Darstellung der Methoden und Praxis archaologischer Arbeit suchen. Beruhmte Archaologen und Ausgrabungsstatten passieren Revue. Inhaltlich ist das Buch auf der Hohe der Forschung, auch die neuesten technischen Methoden und Technologien werden behandelt. (Philipp von Zabern 2009)
Posted in History

Adam's Tongue

How Humans Made Language, How Language Made Humans

Author: Derek Bickerton

Publisher: Hill and Wang

ISBN: 9781429930291

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 9336

How language evolved has been called "the hardest problem in science." In Adam's Tongue, Derek Bickerton—long a leading authority in this field—shows how and why previous attempts to solve that problem have fallen short. Taking cues from topics as diverse as the foraging strategies of ants, the distribution of large prehistoric herbivores, and the construction of ecological niches, Bickerton produces a dazzling new alternative to the conventional wisdom. Language is unique to humans, but it isn't the only thing that sets us apart from other species—our cognitive powers are qualitatively different. So could there be two separate discontinuities between humans and the rest of nature? No, says Bickerton; he shows how the mere possession of symbolic units—words—automatically opened a new and different cognitive universe, one that yielded novel innovations ranging from barbed arrowheads to the Apollo spacecraft. Written in Bickerton's lucid and irreverent style, this book is the first that thoroughly integrates the story of how language evolved with the story of how humans evolved. Sure to be controversial, it will make indispensable reading both for experts in the field and for every reader who has ever wondered how a species as remarkable as ours could have come into existence.
Posted in Science

Tools, Language and Cognition in Human Evolution

Author: Kathleen R. Gibson,Kathleen Rita Gibson,Tim Ingold

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521485418

Category: Computers

Page: 483

View: 1932

Looks at how humans have evolved complex behaviours such as language and culture.
Posted in Computers

Menschheit 2.0

Die Singularität naht

Author: Ray Kurzweil

Publisher: Lola Books

ISBN: 3944203135

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 672

View: 5353

Das Jahr 2045 markiert einen historischen Meilenstein: Es ist das Jahr, in dem der Mensch seine biologischen Begrenzungen mithilfe der Technik überwinden wird. Diese als technologische Singularität bekannt gewordene Revolution wird die Menschheit für immer verändern. Googles Chefingenieur Ray Kurzweil, dessen wahnwitzigen Visionen in den vergangenen Jahrzehnten immer wieder genau ins Schwarze trafen, zeichnet in diesem Klassiker des Transhumanismus mit beispielloser Detailwut eine bunt schillernde Momentaufnahme der technischen Evolution und legt dar, weshalb diese so bald kein Ende finden, sondern im Gegenteil immer weiter an Dynamik gewinnen wird. Daraus ergibt sich eine ebenso faszinierende wie schockierende Vision für die Zukunft der Menschheit.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Cosmosapiens: Human Evolution from the Origin of the Universe

Author: John Hands

Publisher: The Overlook Press

ISBN: 146831324X

Category: Science

Page: 704

View: 804

An “invaluable, encyclopedic achievement” (Times Literary Supplement best books of 2015), Cosmosapiens looks at how human life emerged and evolved in the universe, incorporating the ideas of experts from a wide range of intellectual disciplines. Specialist scientific fields are developing at incredibly swift speeds, but what can they really tell us about how the universe began and how we as humans evolved to play such a dominant role on Earth? John Hands’ extraordinarily ambitious book merges scientific knowledge from multiple disciplines and evaluates without bias or preconception all the theories and evidence about the origin and evolution of matter, consciousness, and mankind. The result, a “pearl of dialectical reasoning” (Publishers Weekly, starred review), provides the most comprehensive account yet of current ideas such as cosmic inflation, dark energy, the selfish gene, and neurogenetic determinism. In the clearest possible prose it differentiates the firmly established from the speculative and examines the claims of various fields to approach a unified theory of everything. In doing so it challenges the orthodox consensus in those branches of cosmology, biology, and neuroscience that have ossified into dogma. Its “shocking and invigorating” analysis (Daily Telegraph, A Best Science Book of 2015) reveals underlying patterns of cooperation, complexification, and convergence that lead to the unique emergence in humans of a self-reflective consciousness that enables us to determine our future evolution. This groundbreaking book is destined to become a classic of scientific thinking.
Posted in Science

MORPHOLOGY OF THE PRIMATES AND HUMAN EVOLUTION

Author: R. P. SRIVASTAVA

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 8120336569

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 8227

This book presents a detailed account of the morphological features of the primates and, in the process, it provides a clear exposition of the story of human evolution. It discusses the theories of biological evolution, the origin of the primates, the morphology of the living primates, the social behaviour of the nonhuman primates, and the phylogenetic relationship between the large apes and man on the basis of immunological and molecular analyses. The text focuses on the Miocene hominoids and their role in the subsequent developments of the hominids. It discusses three theories—the Single Lineage Theory, the Double Lineage Theory, and the Triple Lineage Theory—developed through the study of the anatomical features of the australopithecine fossils found mainly in South and East Africa. The text also gives up-to-date information on the recent discoveries of several hominid species. The emergence of Homo erectus from one of the australopithecines, its cultural attainments, and the gradual transition to modern man are described in the text. The doubts about the phylogenetic lineage of the Neanderthals and the emergence of the early Homo sapiens in the context of human evolution form the basis of various theories regarding the evolution of modern man. These theories are thoroughly examined in the text. KEY FEATURES  Discusses immunological and molecular approaches to primate phylogeny, and various dating techniques.  Includes a number of figures, flow charts and phylogenetic trees to help readers understand the concepts clearly.  Provides a Glossary of technical terms and contributions of some eminent persons to the subject. This book is designed for undergraduate and postgraduate students of Anthropology and Archaeology. Besides, students appearing in competitive examinations will also find the book beneficial.
Posted in Science

ber Die Entstehung Der Arten

Author: Charles Darwin

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781532849701

Category:

Page: 506

View: 4403

Charles Darwin: Über die Entstehung der Arten Edition Holzinger. Taschenbuch Berliner Ausgabe, 2016 Vollständiger, durchgesehener Neusatz mit einer Biographie des Autors bearbeitet und eingerichtet von Michael Holzinger Erstdruck: London 1859. Erste deutsche Übersetzung von Heinrich Georg Bronn unter dem Titel »Über die Entstehung der Arten im Thier- und Pflanzenreich durch natürliche Züchtung, oder Erhaltung der vervollkommneten Rassen im Kampf ums Daseyn«, Stuttgart 1860. Der Text folgt der Übersetzung der sechsten Auflage, London 1872, durch Julius Victor Carus von 1884. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: Charles Darwin: Über die Entstehung der Arten durch natürliche Zuchtwahl oder die Erhaltung der begünstigten Rassen im Kampfe um's Dasein. Nach der letzten englischen Ausgabe wiederholt durchgesehen von J. Victor Carus, 9. Auflage, Stuttgart: Schweitzerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1899. Herausgeber der Reihe: Michael Holzinger Reihengestaltung: Viktor Harvion Umschlaggestaltung unter Verwendung des Bildes: Charles Darwin auf einem Aquarell von George Richmond (1809-1896) aus dem Jahr 1840 Gesetzt aus der Minion Pro, 11 pt.
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Not By Genes Alone

How Culture Transformed Human Evolution

Author: Peter J. Richerson,Robert Boyd

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226712130

Category: Social Science

Page: 342

View: 5251

Humans are a striking anomaly in the natural world. While we are similar to other mammals in many ways, our behavior sets us apart. Our unparalleled ability to adapt has allowed us to occupy virtually every habitat on earth using an incredible variety of tools and subsistence techniques. Our societies are larger, more complex, and more cooperative than any other mammal's. In this stunning exploration of human adaptation, Peter J. Richerson and Robert Boyd argue that only a Darwinian theory of cultural evolution can explain these unique characteristics. Not by Genes Alone offers a radical interpretation of human evolution, arguing that our ecological dominance and our singular social systems stem from a psychology uniquely adapted to create complex culture. Richerson and Boyd illustrate here that culture is neither superorganic nor the handmaiden of the genes. Rather, it is essential to human adaptation, as much a part of human biology as bipedal locomotion. Drawing on work in the fields of anthropology, political science, sociology, and economics—and building their case with such fascinating examples as kayaks, corporations, clever knots, and yams that require twelve men to carry them—Richerson and Boyd convincingly demonstrate that culture and biology are inextricably linked, and they show us how to think about their interaction in a way that yields a richer understanding of human nature. In abandoning the nature-versus-nurture debate as fundamentally misconceived, Not by Genes Alone is a truly original and groundbreaking theory of the role of culture in evolution and a book to be reckoned with for generations to come. “I continue to be surprised by the number of educated people (many of them biologists) who think that offering explanations for human behavior in terms of culture somehow disproves the suggestion that human behavior can be explained in Darwinian evolutionary terms. Fortunately, we now have a book to which they may be directed for enlightenment . . . . It is a book full of good sense and the kinds of intellectual rigor and clarity of writing that we have come to expect from the Boyd/Richerson stable.”—Robin Dunbar, Nature “Not by Genes Alone is a valuable and very readable synthesis of a still embryonic but very important subject straddling the sciences and humanities.”—E. O. Wilson, Harvard University
Posted in Social Science

Die Neandertaler und wir

Meine Suche nach den Urzeit-Genen

Author: Svante Pääbo

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104030324

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 1895

Die aufregende Geschichte der Entschlüsselung des Neandertalergenoms – und das lebendige Porträt der neuen Wissenschaft der Paläogenetik In einer folgenreichen Nacht im Jahre 1996 gelang Svante Pääbo die Entschlüsselung der ersten DNA-Sequenzen eines Neandertalers. Eine Sensation! Die verblüffenden Erkenntnisse revolutionierten unser Bild von der Entwicklung des Homo sapiens. Jetzt erzählt der preisgekrönte Wissenschaftler seine persönliche Geschichte und verschränkt sie mit der Geschichte des neuen Gebiets, das er maßgeblich mitentwickelte: der Paläogenetik - von den ersten Analysen an altägyptischen Mumien bis hin zu Mammuts, Höhlenbären und Riesenfaultieren. Ein faszinierender Blick hinter die Kulissen der Spitzenforschung in Deutschland und der spannende Entwicklungsroman einer Wissenschaft, deren Ergebnisse vor wenigen Jahrzehnten noch niemand erahnen konnte
Posted in Social Science

Human Evolution, Language and Mind

A Psychological and Archaeological Inquiry

Author: William Noble,Iain Davidson

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521576352

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 272

View: 6590

Annotation pending.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

Apes and Human Evolution

Author: Russell H. Tuttle

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674073169

Category: Science

Page: 1056

View: 5519

Russell Tuttle synthesizes a vast literature in primate evolution and behavior to explain how apes and humans evolved in relation to one another and why humans became a bipedal, tool-making, culture-inventing species distinct from other hominoids. He refutes the theory that we are sophisticated, instinctively aggressive and destructive killer apes.
Posted in Science

Transcendence

How Humans Evolved through Fire, Language, Beauty, and Time

Author: Gaia Vince

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 9780465094905

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 6420

How four tools enabled our species to seize control of its destiny What is the most significant force in human evolution? What enabled us to replace our ancestors' simple stone tools with tools and technologies of ever increasing sophistication? Readers of Sapiens will say a cognitive revolution --- a dramatic evolutionary change that altered our brains, turning primitive humans into modern ones --- caused a cultural explosion. In Transcendence, Gaia Vince argues instead that modern humans are not the product of sudden biological revolution but rather a long, gradual process of cultural change. Once it had mastered four critical elements -- fire, language, symbols, and time -- our species unleashed upon itself a compounding process that launched it from the Stone Age to the Space Age and beyond. Provocative and poetic, Transcendence shows how a simple primate has become nearly divine.
Posted in Science