History of Analytical Chemistry is a systematic account of the historical development of analytical chemistry spanning about 4,000 years. Many scientists who have helped to develop the methods of analytical chemistry are mentioned. Various methods of analysis are discussed, including electrogravimetry, optical methods, electrometric analysis, radiochemical analysis, and chromatography. This volume is comprised of 14 chapters and begins with an overview of analytical chemistry in ancient Greece, the origin of chemistry, and the earliest knowledge of analysis. The next chapter focuses on analytical chemistry during the Middle Ages, with emphasis on alchemy. Analytical knowledge during the period of iatrochemistry and the development of analytical chemistry during the phlogiston period are then examined. Subsequent chapters deal with the development of the fundamental laws of chemistry, including the principle of the indestructibility of matter; analytical chemistry during the period of Berzelius; and developments in qualitative and gravimetric analysis. Elementary organic analysis is also considered, along with the development of the theory of analytical chemistry. This book will be helpful to chemists as well as students and researchers in the field of analytical chemistry.
International Series of Monographs in Analytical Chemistry
Author: Ferenc Szabadváry
Author: Ferenc Szabadváry
Category: Chemistry, Analytic
Over the past 65 years, the ACS journal Analytical Chemistry has published seminal papers on almost every development in the discipline. This volume presents a history of the field of analytical chemistry through original research papers published in the Journal from 1935 to the present. An important keepsake reference for any chemist, this book was researched and edited by the Washington editorial staff of the Journal in commemoration of the 45th anniversary of the Pittsburgh Conference on Analytical Chemistry and Applied Spectroscopy - the "greatest science show on Earth. Organized by decade, each section features insightful synopses, with full-color illustrations, of the science, politics, and popular culture in which the evolution of the field took place. Each paper is preceded by an expert commentary - written by prominent scientists - providing a valuable, practical context for understanding the importance of the work.
Author: American Chemical Society
Publisher: Amer Chemical Society
This book is an introductory manual that explains the basic concepts of chemistry behind scientific analytical techniques and that reviews their application to archaeology. It explains key terminology, outlines the procedures to be followed in order to produce good data, and describes the function of the basic instrumentation required to carry out those procedures. The manual contains chapters on the basic chemistry and physics necessary to understand the techniques used in analytical chemistry, with more detailed chapters on Atomic Absorption, Inductively Coupled Plasma Emission Spectroscopy, Neutron Activation Analysis, X-ray Flourescence, Electron Microscopy, Infra-red and Raman Spectroscopy, and Mass Spectrometry. Each chapter describes the operation of the instruments, some hints on the practicalities, and a review of the application of the technique to archaeology, including some case studies. With guides to further reading on the topic, it is an essential tool for practitioners, researchers and advanced students alike.
Author: A. M. Pollard
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Analytical chemists in the British Isles have carefully recorded the history of their organisation from its origins as the Society of Public Analysts in 1874 up to its centenary as the Society for Analytical Chemistry (SAC). The SAC underwent its greatest change when it amalgamated with other London-based chemistry societies, to form the Analytical Division of the new Chemical Society, now the Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC). This historical review describes the events leading up to amalgamation and covers the subsequent activities of the Analytical Division up to the present day. Today, the Division is very active, with crucial involvement in promoting the knowledge and study of analytical chemistry. Its activities, complemented by those of its specialist subject and regional groups, are enhanced by financial support from the RSC's Analytical Chemistry Trust Fund, which also provides support for education and research. Ron Thomas, a former President of the Analytical Division, is Emeritus Professor of Chemistry and Applied Chemistry at the University of Wales, Cardiff. He is also Honorary Professor of the Faculty of Industrial Chemistry, Polytechnic University Bucharest, Romania and Honorary Editor of the Analytical Division's NEWS.
Author: John David Ronald Thomas
This practical book in instrumental analytics conveys an overview of important methods of analysis and enables the reader to realistically learn the (principally technology-independent) working techniques the analytical chemist uses to develop methods and conduct validation. What is to be conveyed to the student is the fact that analysts in their capacity as problem-solvers perform services for certain groups of customers, i.e., the solution to the problem should in any case be processed in such a way as to be "fit for purpose". The book presents sixteen experiments in analytical chemistry laboratory courses. They consist of the classical curriculum used at universities and universities of applied sciences with chromatographic procedures, atom spectrometric methods, sensors and special methods (e.g. field flow fractionation , flow injection analysis and N-determination according to Kjeldahl). The carefully chosen combination of theoretical description of the methods of analysis and the detailed instructions given are what characterizes this book. The instructions to the experiments are so detailed that the measurements can, for the most part, be taken without the help of additional literature. The book is complemented with tips for effective literature and database research on the topics of organisation and the practical workflow of experiments in analytical laboratory, on the topic of the use of laboratory logs as well as on writing technical reports and grading them (Evaluation Guidelines for Laboratory Experiments). A small introduction to Quality Management, a brief glance at the history of analytical chemistry as well as a detailed appendix on the topic of safety in analytical laboratories and a short introduction to the new system of grading and marking chemicals using the "Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)", round off this book. This book is therefore an indispensable workbook for students, internship assistants and lecturers (in the area of chemistry, biotechnology, food technology and environmental technology) in the basic training programme of analytics at universities and universities of applied sciences.
Methods, Quality Assurance and Laboratory Management
Author: Sergio Petrozzi
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
This book provides an historical overview of the recent developments in the history of diverse fields within chemistry. It follows on from Recent Developments in the History of Chemistry, a volume published in 1985. Covering chiefly the last 20 years, the primary aim of Chemical History: Reviews of the Recent Literature is to familiarise newcomers to the history of chemistry with some of the more important developments in the field. Starting with a general introduction and look at the early history of chemistry, subsequent chapters go on to investigate the traditional areas of chemistry (physical, organic, inorganic) alongside analytical chemistry, physical organic chemistry, medical chemistry and biochemistry, and instruments and apparatus. Topics such as industrial chemistry and chemistry in national contexts, whilst not featuring as separate chapters, are woven throughout the content. Each chapter is written by experts and is extensively referenced to the international chemical literature. Chemical History: Reviews of the Recent Literature is also ideal for chemists who wish to become familiar with historical aspects of their work. In addition, it will appeal to a wider audience interested in the history of chemistry, as it draws together historical materials that are widely scattered throughout the chemical literature.
Reviews of the Recent Literature
Author: Gerrylyn K Roberts,Colin A Russell
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Analytical Chemistry–3 provides information pertinent to the development of analytical chemistry. This book discusses the significant role of analytical chemistry in the progress of the chemical industry. Organized into nine chapters, this book begins with an overview of the contribution of analytical chemistry in the development as well as in process control of the industrial chemistry. This text then presents a brief history concerning the development of analytical chemistry in Romania. Other chapters consider the general problem of utilizing gradients in chromatography. This book discusses as well the developments in the determination of some common anions and describes the separation of anions of the same species. The final chapter deals with the classification of enrichment methods according to the type of sample for which they are to be used. This book is a valuable resource for chemists, analytical chemists, and pharmaceutical chemists. Teachers, scientists, researchers, and specialists in Romanian school of chemistry will also find this book useful.
Author: P. Gh. Zugrǎvescu
More than 80 personalities, in or from Germany, that over the centuries have shaped the development of analytical chemistry are introduced by brief biographies. These accounts go beyond summarising key biographical information and outline the individual's contributions to analytical chemistry. This richly illustrated Brief offers a unique resource of information that is not available elsewhere.
From the Middle Ages to the Twentieth Century
Author: D. Thorburn Burns,R. Klaus Müller,Reiner Salzer,Gerhard Werner
The development of chemistry, like that of the other fields of science and technology, has depended greatly upon the availability of instruments. Accordingly, the study of the history of instrumentation is a major area in any survey of the progress in this science. Recognizing this fact, the Division of the History of Chemistry of the American Chemical Society organized and held a very successful symposium on the history of chemical instrumentation during the Washington, D.C. National Meeting in 1979. Re~arks, both formal and informal, made during this symposium stressed points that soon become obvious to anyone who looks at the ancestry of present-day instruments . In some cases, the total history is measured in years, rather than in centuries . Chemical instrumentation, by no means confined to the laboratory, is vital in industry. There is a natural tendency to discard an item of any kind when a newer version is acquired. Often, "to discard" means "to scrap". If the item scrapped is an instrument that is unique - sometimes the last of its kind - we have a permanent artefactual gap in the history of science.
Proceedings of the ACS Divivsion of the History of Chemistry Symposium held in Chicago, Ill., September 9–10, 1985
Author: John T. Stock,Mary Virginia Orna
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
TRAC: Trends in Analytical Chemistry, Volume 11 presents relevant topics in global analytical chemistry research. This book discusses the fundamental principle of competitive immunoassays. Organized into 27 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the general and important contributions relating to the presentation of forensic evidence to courts of law. This text then discusses the importance of the analysis of scanned measuring quantities. Other chapters consider the advantages as well as the drawbacks of coupled chromatographic methods. This book discusses as well the status of analytical chemistry within the broader scientific arena as a practical rather than fundamentally oriented discipline. The final chapter deals with the properly functioning process control system in manufacturing insulin by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP–HPLC). This book is a valuable resource for analytical, organic, clinical, and regulatory chemists. Electrochemists, scientists, students, engineers, researcher workers, and other practitioners will also find this book extremely useful.
Author: U.A.Th. Brinkman,A.E. Bruno,A.L. Burlingame
International Series of Monographs in Analytical Chemistry, Volume 47: Analytical Chemistry of Molybdenum and Tungsten describes the chemical and instrumental methods of analysis of molybdenum and tungsten. This book is composed of 15 chapters that particularly consider detailed methods for determining these metals in typical samples and their alloys by both classical and modern techniques. The opening chapters discuss the history, occurrence, physico-chemical properties, and applications of molybdenum and tungsten. The succeeding chapters deal with the metals’ sampling, decomposition, separation, and qualitative detection. Considerable chapters are devoted to various chemical and instrumental methods for their analysis, including gravimetry, titrimetry, colorimetry, polarography, amperometry, coulometry, emission and atomic absorption spectroscopy, X-ray spectrophotometry, mass spectrometry, and radiochemical methods. The concluding chapter examines the determination of impurities and alloying elements. This book will prove useful to analytical and inorganic chemists, as well as analytical and inorganic chemistry students.
Including the Analysis of the Metals and Their Alloys
Author: W. T. Elwell,D. F. Wood
This updated and expanded Second Edition of Dr. Erickson's Analytical Chemistry of PCBs appears a decade after the first and is completely revised and updated. The changes from the First Edition reflect the significant growth in the area and a growing appreciation of the importance of PCB analysis to our culture. This book is a comprehensive review of the analytical chemistry of PCBs. It is part history, part annotated bibliography, part comparison, and part guidance. Featuring a new chapter on analyst/customer interactions and several new appendices, the Second Edition is an invaluable resource for both chemists with no experience in PCB analysis and seasoned PCB researchers. All topics have been more thoroughly treated and updated in this new edition to reflect advances made in the last decade, especially:
Author: Mitchell D. Erickson
A unique documentary on the renowned Pittsburgh Conference. Once a modest conference with only a few exhibitors, this volunteer-run organization now thrives as the world's premier chemical instrument showcase. Yet this is more than a history of Pittcon and its two sponsoring societies, the Spectroscopy Society of Pittsburgh and the Society for Analytical Chemists of Pittsburgh. This is a compilation of stories and photographs that will make you laugh out loud! The storytellers include past presidents and chairpersons, volunteers and attendees. Experience this book and you will come away with a better understanding of the organization, its goals, and its traditions--and how it serves the chemical community by providing an effective arena for the exchange of technical information.
50 Years of History of the Pittsburgh Conference on Analytical Chemistry and Applied Spectroscopy
Author: Judith Wright
Publisher: Chemical Heritage Foundation
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Chemistry in the last century was characterized by spectacular growth and advances, stimulated by revolutionary theories and experimental breakthroughs. Yet, despite this rapid development, the history of this scientific discipline has achieved only recently the status necessary to understand the effects of chemistry on the scientific and technological culture of the modern world. This book addresses the bridging of boundaries between chemistry and the other "classical" disciplines of science, physics and biology as well as the connections of chemistry to mathematics and technology. Chemical research is represented as an interconnected patchwork of scientific specialties, and this is shown by a mixture of case studies and broader overviews on the history of organic chemistry, theoretical chemistry, nuclear- and cosmochemistry, solid state chemistry, and biotechnology. All of these fields were at the center of the development of twentieth century chemistry, and the authors cover crucial topics such as the emergence of new subdisciplines and research fields, the science-technology relationship, and national styles of scientific work. This monograph represents a unique treasure trove for general historians and historians of science, while also appealing to those interested in the theoretical background and development of modern chemistry.
Author: Carsten Reinhardt
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Das Standard-Lehrbuchs zur Instrumentellen Analytik, begründet von Skoog und Leary, ist hiermit endlich wieder auf Deutsch verfügbar. Als stark erweiterte, komplett überarbeitete Ausgabe unterstützt es fortgeschrittene Studenten der Chemie an Universitäten und Hochschulen. Es berücksichtig die Anforderungen einer großen Vielfalt an Disziplinen, die ein Grundwissen in Analytischer Chemie benötigen, und richtet sich damit auch an Physiker, Ingenieure und Biochemiker. Das Buch führt aktuell und kompetent in die Grundzüge und Feinheiten der heutigen Instrumentellen Analytischen Chemie ein. Der Focus liegt in diesem Buch auf den theoretischen Grundlagen der diversen Gerätetypen, deren optimales Anwendungsgebiet, Empfindlichkeit und Präzision sowie deren Grenzen. Über 700 detailreiche, selbsterklärende Abbildungen, Anhänge zu Statistik und Elektronik, Übungsaufgaben mit Lösungen und viele wichtige Originalzitate ergänzen dieses moderne Lehrbuch für Studierende und Praktiker.
Grundlagen - Geräte - Anwendungen
Author: Douglas A. Skoog,F. James Holler,Stanley R. Crouch
Publisher: Springer Spektrum
Analytical Chemistry in Space presents an analysis of the chemical constitution of space, particularly the particles in the solar wind, of the planetary atmospheres, and the surfaces of the moon and planets. Topics range from space engineering considerations to solar system atmospheres and recovered extraterrestrial materials. Mass spectroscopy in space exploration is also discussed, along with lunar and planetary surface analysis using neutron inelastic scattering. This book is comprised of seven chapters and opens with a discussion on the possibilities for exploration of the solar system by mass spectroscopy, with particular reference to analysis of compositional data on solar system objects such as the Earth and meteorites, asteroids, comets, and interplanetary dust. The reader is then introduced to the project administration, instrument design, and spacecraft integration problems that must be solved to successfully fly a space experiment. The following chapters focus on the atmospheres of the sun and planets; the use of mass spectroscopy in solar system exploration and of neutron inelastic scattering in lunar and planetary surface analysis; and extraterrestrial in situ 14 MeV neutron activation analysis. The final chapter is devoted to the advantages and applications of thermal neutron activation to the analysis of certain samples of geological interest. This monograph will be a useful resource for analytical chemists and space scientists.
International Series of Monographs in Analytical Chemistry
Author: Richard E. Wainerdi