Historical Archaeology

Author: Charles E. Orser, Jr.

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317297067

Category: Social Science

Page: 412

View: 1108

This book provides a short, readable introduction to historical archaeology, which focuses on modern history in all its fascinating regional, cultural, and ethnic diversity. Accessibly covering key methods and concepts, including fundamental theories and principles, the history of the field, and basic definitions, Historical Archaeology also includes a practical look at career prospects for interested readers. Orser discusses central topics of archaeological research such as time and space, survey and excavation methods, and analytical techniques, encouraging readers to consider the possible meanings of artifacts. Drawing on the author’s extensive experience as an historical archaeologist, the book’s perspective ranges from the local to the global in order to demonstrate the real importance of this subject to our understanding of the world in which we live today. The third edition of this popular textbook has been significantly revised and expanded to reflect recent developments and discoveries in this exciting area of study. Each chapter includes updated case studies which demonstrate the research conducted by professional historical archaeologists. With its engaging approach to the subject, Historical Archaeology continues to be an ideal resource for readers who wish to be introduced to this rapidly expanding global field.
Posted in Social Science

Historical Archaeology

Back from the Edge

Author: Pedro Paulo A. Funari,Martin Hall,Sian Jones

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134816162

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

View: 6864

Historical Archaeology demonstrates the potential of adopting a flexible, encompassing definition of historical archaeology which involves the study of all societies with documentary evidence. It encourages research that goes beyond the boundaries between prehistory and history. Ranging in subject matter from Roman Britain and Classical Greece, to colonial Africa, Brazil and the United States, the contributors present a much broader range of perspectives than is currently the trend.
Posted in Social Science

The Cambridge Companion to Historical Archaeology

Author: Dan Hicks,Mary C. Beaudry

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521853753

Category: Social Science

Page: 404

View: 2954

Introduction to the ways in which archaeologists study the recent past (AD 1500 to the present).
Posted in Social Science

International Handbook of Historical Archaeology

Author: Teresita Majewski,David Gaimster

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387720715

Category: Social Science

Page: 698

View: 1552

In studying the past, archaeologists have focused on the material remains of our ancestors. Prehistorians generally have only artifacts to study and rely on the diverse material record for their understanding of past societies and their behavior. Those involved in studying historically documented cultures not only have extensive material remains but also contemporary texts, images, and a range of investigative technologies to enable them to build a broader and more reflexive picture of how past societies, communities, and individuals operated and behaved. Increasingly, historical archaeology refers not to a particular period, place, or a method, but rather an approach that interrogates the tensions between artifacts and texts irrespective of context. In short, historical archaeology provides direct evidence for how humans have shaped the world we live in today. Historical archaeology is a branch of global archaeology that has grown in the last 40 years from its North American base into an increasingly global community of archaeologists each studying their area of the world in a historical context. Where historical archaeology started as part of the study of the post-Columbian societies of the United States and Canada, it has now expanded to interface with the post-medieval archaeologies of Europe and the diverse post-imperial experiences of Africa, Latin America, and Australasia. The 36 essays in the International Handbook of Historical Archaeology have been specially commissioned from the leading researchers in their fields, creating a wide-ranging digest of the increasingly global field of historical archaeology. The volume is divided into two sections, the first reviewing the key themes, issues, and approaches of historical archaeology today, and the second containing a series of case studies charting the development and current state of historical archaeological practice around the world. This key reference work captures the energy and diversity of this global discipline today.
Posted in Social Science

Historical Archaeology

Why the Past Matters

Author: Barbara J Little

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315427400

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 3860

What is historical archaeology and why is it important? Well-known archaeologist Barbara Little addresses these key questions for introductory students in this concise, inexpensive, and well-written text. Little covers the goals of historical archaeological work, the kinds of questions it asks, and the ethical and political concerns it raises. She shows what historical archaeology can provide that neither of its parent disciplines can offer alone. Little offers brief snapshots of key American sites: Jamestown, Mission San Luis, West Oakland, the African American Burial Ground, and the Garbage Project, among others. And she shows how historical archaeology is inextricably linked to public education, justice issues, and our collective understanding of the past. As an introductory guide for historical archaeology and similar courses, or as thought-provoking reading for professionals, this volume is unmatched in quality and scope.
Posted in Social Science

Historical Archaeology in Africa

Representation, Social Memory, and Oral Traditions

Author: Peter Ridgway Schmidt

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759109650

Category: History

Page: 316

View: 1478

Historical Archaeology in Africa is an inquiry into the questions that count, proposing different ways of thinking about historical archaeology. Peter Schmidt challenges readers to expand their horizons beyond the ethnocentrism of archaeology, as it is defined and practiced in North America. Confronting topics of oral traditions, our orientation to archaeology, and the misrepresentation of various cultures, Schmidt calls for a new pathway to an enriched, more nuanced, and more inclusive historical archaeology.
Posted in History

Historical Archaeology in Nigeria

Author: Kit W. Wesler

Publisher: Africa World Press

ISBN: 9780865436107

Category: Social Science

Page: 356

View: 1714

The case studies included in this collection range from the coast of Lagos State, through the Yoruba inland, once dominated by Oyo and Ibadan, to Benin City, seat of the great pre-colonial empire, north to Zungeru, seat of colonial administration under Lord Lugard, and the Jos Plateau, homeland of the Ron; and south again to the Niger Delta, where the Nigerian people first began their historic interaction with Portuguese explorers.
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Historical Archaeology

A Guide to Substantive and Theoretical Contributions

Author: Robert L. Schuyler

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 286

View: 8060

A collection of 35 articles on various aspects of historical archaeology, providing a comprehensive guide to the field.
Posted in Social Science

A Historical Archaeology of the Ottoman Empire

Breaking New Ground

Author: Uzi Baram,Lynda Carroll

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306471825

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 5895

Archaeology in the Middle East and the Balkans rarely focuses on the recent past; as a result, archaeologists have largely ignored the material remains of the Ottoman Empire. Drawing on a wide variety of case studies and essays, this volume documents the emerging field of Ottoman archaeology and the relationship of this new field to anthropological, classical, and historical archaeology as well as Ottoman studies.
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Consumer Choice in Historical Archaeology

Author: Suzanne M. Spencer-Wood

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306423185

Category: History

Page: 418

View: 5907

Historical archaeology has made great strides during the last two decades. Early archaeological reports were dominated by descriptions of features and artifacts, while research on artifacts was concentrated on studies of topology, technology, and chronology. Site reports from the 1960s and 1970s commonly expressed faith in the potential artifacts had for aiding in the identifying socioeconomic status differences and for understanding the relationships be tween the social classes in terms of their material culture. An emphasis was placed on the presence or absence of porcelain or teaware as an indication of social status. These were typical features in site reports written just a few years ago. During this same period, advances were being made in the study of food bone as archaeologists moved away from bone counts to minimal animal counts and then on to the costs of various cuts of meat. Within the last five years our ability to address questions of the rela tionship between material culture and socioeconomic status has greatly ex panded. The essays in this volume present efforts toward measuring expendi ture and consumption patterns represented by commonly recovered artifacts and food bone. These patterns of consumption are examined in conjunction with evidence from documentary sources that provide information on occupa tions, wealth levels, and ethnic affiliations of those that did the consuming. One of the refreshing aspects of these papers is that the authors are not afraid of documents, and their use of them is not limited to a role of confirmation.
Posted in History

Digging New Jersey's Past

Historical Archaeology in the Garden State

Author: Richard Francis Veit

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813531137

Category: History

Page: 220

View: 6874

When people think of archaeology, they commonly think of unearthing the remains of ancient civilizations in Egypt, Greece, Rome, Central or South America. But some fascinating history can be found in your own New Jersey backyard 3⁄4 if you know where to look. Richard Veit takes readers on a well-organized guided tour through four hundred years of Garden State development as seen through archaeology in Digging New Jerseys Past. This illustrated guidebook takes readers to some of the states most interesting discoveries and tells us what has been learned or is being learned from them. The diverse array of archaeological sites, drawn from all parts of the state, includes a seventeenth-century Dutch trading post, the site of the Battle of Monmouth, the gravemarkers of freed slaves, and a 1920s railroad roundhouse, among others. Veit begins by explaining what archaeologists do: How do they know where to dig? What sites are likely to yield important information? How do archaeologists excavate a site? How are artifacts cataloged, stored, and interpreted? He then moves through the states history, from the contact of first peoples and explorers, to colonial homesteads, Revolutionary War battlefields, cemeteries, railroads, and factories. Veit concludes with some thoughts about the future of archaeological research in New Jersey and with suggestions on ways that interested individuals can become involved in the field.
Posted in History

Images of the Recent Past

Readings in Historical Archaeology

Author: Charles E. Orser

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780761991427

Category: Social Science

Page: 477

View: 7184

A collection of classic and contemporary articles demonstrating the development of historical archaeology over the past 20 years, both in North America and throughout the world. Contains sections on recent perspectives, people and places, historic artifacts, interdisciplinary studies, landscape stud
Posted in Social Science

Historical Archaeology and the Study of American Culture

Author: Lu Ann De Cunzo,Bernard L. Herman

Publisher: Winterthur Museum

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 497

View: 8453

In this volume of essays, historical archaeologists and scholars from a variety of other fields explore creative approaches to material culture as a form of cultural expression. The essays, derived from papers first presented at the 1991 Winterthur Conference, emphasize material culture's communicative qualities; its roles in social performance, the construction of identity, and the mediation of interaction; and its interpretive limitations. A special concern with contexts in their myriad forms resonates throughout the volume. The contributors not only describe time and place but they seek the intimate social and symbolic details of human agency in all their diversity. The essays reveal how dynamic archaeological thinking can appeal to a broader audience. The first section, "Construction of Context: Negotiating Consumer Culture", groups six essays that foreground people and their choices in diverse consumer contexts. The authors examine the ways that material culture illuminates the cultural dialogues between New England's native peoples and European traders, urbane Virginians and their "country cousins", Southern slaves and their owners, agrarian potters and industrial capitalists, and nineteenth-century Americans and the brokers of consumer culture. In the second section, "'In the Active Voice': Remaking the American Landscape", the attention shifts from people to the land they inhabited and changed. Through close reading of multiple data sources at many scales, from microscopic pollen grains to urban plans, the authors of these four essays trace the remaking of eighteenth- and nineteenth-century American farms and cities. In the third section, "Working toward Meaning: The Scopeof Historical Archaeology", the authors work outward from the preceding studies, directly engaging the reader in the process of reinventing historical archaeology. Together with the other contributions to this volume, these three concluding essays demonstrate the important place of historical archaeology in the interdisciplinary arena of material culture studies.
Posted in Social Science

Critical Historical Archaeology

Author: Mark P Leone

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131543119X

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 3684

How can we use the past to make sense of the issues and problems that concern us in the present? Mark Leone, the leading critical theorist in historical archaeology, urges archaeologists to view their discipline as an activist pursuit. This volume is partly his autobiographical reflection on a thirty five year career, part a collection of Leone’s classic writings on Annapolis, Williamsburg, Shakertown, St. Mary’s, and other key sites, and part a synthesis of his current thinking on how historical archaeology can engage the cultural and political issues of our time. Critical Historical Archaeology is an important summary of the work and thinking of one of our most thoughtful, influential archaeologists.
Posted in Social Science

HISTORICAL ARCHAEOLOGY

Author: IVOR NOEL HUME

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 449

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A Historical Archaeology of Delaware

People, Contexts, and the Cultures of Agriculture

Author: Lu Ann De Cunzo

Publisher: Univ. of Tennessee Press

ISBN: 9781572332492

Category: Architecture

Page: 484

View: 3423

"By analyzing what she describes as richly detailed archaeological site biographies, De Cunzo reconstructs how Delaware's farming people actively created their identities and shaped their interactions at home, at work, at church, and in the marketplace as they began to confront industrial capitalism. Informed by a contextual, interpretive perspective, this valuable work reveals the complex interrelationships among environment, technology, economy, social order, and cultural praxis that defined the "cultures of agriculture" in Delaware during the last three centuries."--Jacket.
Posted in Architecture

Historical Archaeology in Wachovia

Excavating Eighteenth-Century Bethabara and Moravian Pottery

Author: Stanley South

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306471434

Category: Social Science

Page: 442

View: 7869

Originally distributed with a different title as a very limited edition of twelve in 1975, Historical Archaeology in Wachovia presents a unique record of the 1753 Moravian town of Bethabara, near Winston-Salem, North Carolina. Stanley South, who led the site's excavation in 1966, fully describes such discoveries as fortifications from the French and Indian War and twenty ruins of various shops and dwellings in the town. He also illustrates methods of ruin excavation and stabilization, including the replacement of palisade posts in the original fort ditch as part of the site's development as Historic Bethabara Park. Some of the most interesting of South's finds concern the confluence of two traditions of pottery and stoneware production. One of these is represented by forty pottery wheel-thrown types and forms made by the master German potter Gottfried Aust between 1755 and 1771, excavated from the ruin of his shop and kiln waster dump. Additional work at both Bethabara and Salem recovered the waster dumps of Aust's journeyman potter Rudolph Christ, who had also studied with the Staffordshire potter William Ellis. Christ's wares, which demonstrate both German and English influences, are discussed in detail. Extensively documented and heavily illustrated with over 320 photographs, drawings, and maps, this volume - a classic example of the process of historical archaeology as demonstrated by one of its foremost practitioners in America - is a valuable resource for avocational archaeologists, particularly those living in the Southeast, as well as historical archaeologists, historians, ceramicists, ceramics collectors, students of colonial culture, and museologists.
Posted in Social Science

Tales of Gotham, Historical Archaeology, Ethnohistory and Microhistory of New York City

Author: Meta F. Janowitz,Diane Dallal

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461452724

Category: Social Science

Page: 369

View: 7231

Historical Archaeology of New York City is a collection of narratives about people who lived in New York City during the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries, people whose lives archaeologists have encountered during excavations at sites where these people lived or worked. The stories are ethnohistorical or microhistorical studies created using archaeological and documentary data. As microhistories, they are concerned with particular people living at particular times in the past within the framework of world events. The world events framework will be provided in short introductions to chapters grouped by time periods and themes. The foreword by Mary Beaudry and the afterword by LuAnne DeCunzo bookend the individual case studies and add theoretical weight to the volume. Historical Archaeology of New York City focuses on specific individual life stories, or stories of groups of people, as a way to present archaeological theory and research. Archaeologists work with material culture—artifacts—to recreate daily lives and study how culture works; this book is an example of how to do this in a way that can attract people interested in history as well as in anthropological theory.
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Between Artifacts and Texts

Historical Archaeology in Global Perspective

Author: Anders Andrén

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475794096

Category: Social Science

Page: 215

View: 4388

This is the first truly global survey of the relationship between artifacts and texts from historiographical, methodological, and analytical perspectives. It analyzes the crucial relationship between material culture and writing in ancient societies, employing examples from twelve major disciplines in historical archaeology and summarizing their role in five global methodological approaches. It is valuable reading for advanced (under/post) graduate students, and instructors in any historical archaeological subject.
Posted in Social Science