Hazard Mitigation in Emergency Management

Author: Tanveer Islam,Jeffrey Ryan

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0128004355

Category: Social Science

Page: 458

View: 3425

Hazard Mitigation in Emergency Management introduces readers to mitigation, one of the four foundational phases of emergency management, and to the hazard mitigation planning process. Authors Islam and Ryan review the hazard mitigation framework in both private sector and governmental agencies, covering the regulatory and legal frameworks for mitigation, as well as risk assessment processes and strategies, and tools and techniques that can prevent, or lessen, the impact of disasters. The book specifically addresses hazards posed by human activity, including cyber threats and nuclear accidents, as well as hurricanes, floods, and earthquakes. Readers will learn about the framework for the mitigation process, hazard identification, risk assessment, and the tools and techniques available for mitigation. Coverage includes both GIS and HAZUS, with tutorials on these technologies, as well as case studies of best practices in the United States and around the world. The text is ideal for students, instructors, and practitioners interested in reducing, or eliminating, the effects of disasters. Takes an all-hazards approach, covering terror attacks and accidents, as well as natural disasters Reviews the hazard mitigation framework in both private sector and governmental agencies, covering the regulatory and legal frameworks for mitigation Provides a step-by-step process for creating a Hazard Mitigation Plan (HMP) Addresses the needs of local, state, and federal emergency management agencies and of the private sector, including IT mitigation
Posted in Social Science

Natural Hazard Mitigation

Author: Alessandra Jerolleman,John J. Kiefer

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466592184

Category: Political Science

Page: 377

View: 980

One of the four core phases of emergency management, hazard mitigation is essential for reducing disaster effects on human populations and making communities more resilient to the impacts of hazards. Presenting an up-to-date look at the changing nature of disasters, Natural Hazard Mitigation offers practical guidance on the implementation and selection of hazard mitigation programs and projects. Based on real-world applications, the book includes case studies that present a thorough explanation of the various issues involved. The contributors describe the value and potential of mitigation efforts and explain how to convince public officials and communities of that value. They also discuss how to better involve the community and uniquely tailor solutions to regional and local situations. The book begins with an overview of the history of hazard mitigation with a focus on the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000. It examines where hazard mitigation fits into emergency management and addresses some of the challenges that can arise in navigating the various intergovernmental relationships involved in hazard mitigation. The remaining chapters explore: Public-private partnerships for hazard mitigation at the local level The role currently played by the private sector and how communities can best make use of contractors How to maximize the use of the National Flood Insurance Program and the Community Ratings System Risk communications as a key component of encouraging hazard mitigation Legal issues relevant to hazard mitigation Ways to actively engage the community and how to advocate for hazard mitigation policy How state and local governments can promote and fund mitigation without utilizing federal dollars The challenges associated with volunteers and how to best make use of this resource The area analysis as an innovative means of addressing flood risk at the block or neighborhood level The book includes learning objectives, key terms, and end-of-chapter questions to enhance comprehension. It concludes with a discussion of tools that local practitioners can use and provides an appendix with additional links and resources. This volume is an essential reference for both students and professionals in the ongoing effort to better prepare communities against the effects of natural hazards.
Posted in Political Science

Hazard Mitigation and Preparedness

An Introductory Text for Emergency Management and Planning Professionals

Author: Anna K. Schwab,David J. Brower,Dylan Sandler

Publisher: CRC PressI Llc

ISBN: 9781466595569

Category: Reference

Page: 416

View: 3971

This book introduces the concept of hazards as part of the earthe(tm)s natural systems, in contrast to "disasters," which occur at the intersection of the built and natural environments. The authors emphasize choices made by society that either increase or diminish our level of vulnerability to the impacts of hazards and discusses the role of the emergency manager in how these choices are made and acted upon. The book defines key concepts including mitigation, preparedness, resilience, and vulnerability, and explains the role of the emergency manager in putting these principles into practice.
Posted in Reference

Natural Hazard Mitigation

Recasting Disaster Policy And Planning

Author: David Godschalk

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1559636025

Category: Architecture

Page: 575

View: 1052

This text offers an informative examination of natural hazard mitigation for planners, policymakers, stu dents, and professionals that work in this field. The topics include guidelines for hurricanes, floods and earthquakes. '
Posted in Architecture

Principles of Emergency Management

Hazard Specific Issues and Mitigation Strategies

Author: Michael J. Fagel

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466516690

Category: Social Science

Page: 585

View: 4270

Principles of Emergency Management: Hazard Specific Issues and Mitigation offers preparedness and mitigation recommendations for advanced emergency planning. Because disasters are so unpredictable, advance planning is needed to effectively respond to and mitigate against the potential effects of such events. Whether a disaster is natural or man-made, accidental or deliberate, the best way to protect the public is by implementing an integrated emergency management system incorporating all potential stakeholders through all phases of the event. As such, the book suggests best practices for drills, exercises, and pre-event team building and communication. More than a dozen contributors offer their professional expertise on a wide variety of topics, including: Emergency operations center management Continuity planning of vital services in the aftermath of a disaster The role of the public health official Developing public-private partnerships Specific types of disasters, including terrorism, agroterrorism, pandemics, and active shooter incidents Mass care, sheltering, and human services The special needs of children in disasters Traditional and social media and their impact on emergency management The book is a valuable planning resource for those tasked with managing operations to prepare for, mitigate, and respond to disasters.
Posted in Social Science

Wiley Pathways Hazard Mitigation and Preparedness

Author: Anna K. Schwab,Katherine Eschelbach,David J. Brower

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 600

View: 9642

With this book, readers will learn how to apply their knowledge and skills in order to create communities that are more resilient to the impacts of hazards. It clearly presents the major principles involved in preparing for and mitigating the impacts of hazards in emergency management. This resource also provides real-world examples of different tools and techniques that emergency managers can use to reduce the impact of different types of hazards.
Posted in Social Science

Wiley Pathways Introduction to Emergency Management

Author: Michael K. Lindell, Ph.D.,Carla Prater,Ronald W. Perry, Ph.D.

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471772607

Category: Social Science

Page: 624

View: 9266

The recent devastation caused by tsunamis, hurricanes and wildfires highlights the need for highly trained professionals who can develop effective strategies in response to these disasters. This invaluable resource arms readers with the tools to address all phases of emergency management. It covers everything from the social and environmental processes that generate hazards to vulnerability analysis, hazard mitigation, emergency response, and disaster recovery.
Posted in Social Science

Interagency flood hazard mitigation report for Illinois

in response to the March 29, 1985 disaster declaration (FEMA-735-DR-IL) covering the counties of Brown, Bureau, Calhoun, Cass, Clark, Crawford, Fulton, Greene, Grundy, Jersey, LaSalle, Marshall, Mason, Morgan, Peoria, Pike, Rock Island, Schuyler, Scott, Tazewell, Whiteside, Will, and Woodford

Author: United States. Federal Emergency Management Agency

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 22

View: 6634

Posted in Nature

Global Warming, Natural Hazards, and Emergency Management

Author: George Haddow,Jane A. Bullock,Kim Haddow

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420081862

Category: Nature

Page: 288

View: 1363

Scientists predict the earth is facing 40-to-60 years of climate change, even if emissions of carbon dioxide and other global warming gases stopped today. One inevitable consequence of the greenhouse gases already in the atmosphere will be an increase in the frequency and severity of natural disaster events. Global Warming, Natural Hazards, and Emergency Management documents the imperative need for communities to prepare for the coming effects of climate change and provides a series of in-depth, road-tested recommendations on how to reduce risks for communities and businesses. Frontline Advice for Increasing Defenses and Reducing Impacts of Global Warming Authored and edited by emergency management and environmental protection professionals from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the Sierra Club, this book offers case histories from communities across America that have successfully reduced the extent and consequences of natural disasters. These examples are becoming increasingly important to understand and replicate as the risks to communities created by a changing climate rise. This book recognizes three fundamental principles essential to developing a disaster-prevention strategy: The protection of natural systems is an important security measure The reduction of disaster risk, not just response, is of great importance Local communities must take the lead in prevention efforts Provides Local Governments with Replicable Case Histories of Hazard Mitigation Efforts This no-nonsense reference is a procedural roadmap for emergency managers, policy makers, and community officials. It explains how to develop community partnerships among a myriad of stakeholders; identifies staffing and resource requirements for successful programs; and provides a step-by-step demonstration of the disaster-planning process at the community level.
Posted in Nature

Facing Hazards and Disasters:

Understanding Human Dimensions

Author: Committee on Disaster Research in the Social Sciences: Future Challenges and Opportunities,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309101786

Category: Social Science

Page: 408

View: 7913

Social science research conducted since the late 1970s has contributed greatly to society's ability to mitigate and adapt to natural, technological, and willful disasters. However, as evidenced by Hurricane Katrina, the Indian Ocean tsunami, the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States, and other recent events, hazards and disaster research and its application could be improved greatly. In particular, more studies should be pursued that compare how the characteristics of different types of events-including predictability, forewarning, magnitude, and duration of impact-affect societal vulnerability and response. This book includes more than thirty recommendations for the hazards and disaster community.
Posted in Social Science

Principles of Disaster Mitigation in Health Facilities

Author: N.A

Publisher: Pan American Health Org

ISBN: 9275123047

Category: Emergency medical services

Page: 123

View: 931

This book focuses on problems encountered in areas of high risk for seismic events. It introduces the essential aspects of carrying out vulnerability assessments and applying practical measures to mitigate damage in hospitals addressing structural and nonstructural aspects as well as administrative and internal organization. In a period of only 15 years between 1981 and 1996 93 hospitals and 538 health care centers in Latin America and the Caribbean were damaged as a consequence of natural disasters. The direct cost of these disasters has been enormous; just as devastating has been the social impact of the loss of these critical facilities at a time when they were most needed. For these reasons special consideration must be given to disaster planning for these facilities. Assessing and reducing their vulnerability to natural hazards is indispensable. Principles of Disaster Mitigation in Health Facilities is an updated compilation of various documents on the topic already published by PAHO/WHO. Sections of previous publications have been revised to address the needs of professionals from a variety of disciplines particularly those involved in health facility planning operation and maintenance. Figures and photographs illustrate situations that can increase disaster vulnerability in health facilities. Examples are given of how countries in Latin America have conducted vulnerability assessments and applied specific disaster mitigation measures in their hospitals and health centers.
Posted in Emergency medical services

Hazard Mitigation Grant Program Desk Reference (FEMA 345)

Author: Federal Emergency Management Agency

Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub

ISBN: 9781482339888

Category: Social Science

Page: 236

View: 848

FEMA's Hazard Mitigation Grant Program is a powerful resource in the combined effort by Federal, State, and local government, as well as private industry and homeowners, to end the cycle of repetitive disaster damage. The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act was passed on November 23, 1988, amending Public Law 93-288, the Disaster Relief Act of 1974. The Stafford Act included Section 404, which established the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program. In 1993, the Hazard Mitigation and Relocation Act amended Section 404 to increase the amount of HMGP funds available and the cost-share to 75 percent Federal. This amendment also encouraged the use of property acquisition and other non-structural flood mitigation measures. In an effort to streamline HMGP delivery, FEMA encourages States to develop their mitigation programs before disaster strikes. States are adopting a more active HMGP management role. Increased capabilities may include: Conducting comprehensive all-hazard mitigation planning prior to disaster events; Providing applicants technical assistance on sound mitigation techniques and hazard mitigation policy and procedures; Coordinating mitigation programs through interagency teams or councils. Conducting benefit-cost analyses; and Preparing National Environmental Policy Act reviews for FEMA approval. States that integrate the HMGP with their frequently updated State Administrative and Hazard Mitigation Plans will create cohesive and effective approaches to loss reduction. This type of coordinated approach minimizes the distinction between “predisaster” and “post-disaster” time periods, and instead produces an ongoing mitigation effort. Hazard mitigation is any sustained action taken to reduce or eliminate long-term risk to people and property from natural hazards and their effects. A key purpose of the HMGP is to ensure that the opportunity to take critical mitigation measures to protect life and property from future disasters is not lost during the recovery and reconstruction process following a disaster. Program grant funds available under Section 404 of the Stafford Act provide States with the incentive and capability to implement mitigation measures that previously may have been infeasible. The purpose of this Desk Reference is to: Provide comprehensive information about FEMA's Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP); Increase awareness of the HMGP as an integral part of statewide hazard mitigation efforts; and Encourage deeper commitments and increased responsibilities on the part of all States and communities to reduce damage and losses from natural disasters. This Desk Reference is organized to simplify program information and assist the reader with practical guidance for successful participation in the program. Lists of program-related acronyms and definitions are included, along with appendices that amplify selected aspects of the HMGP. This Desk Reference is organized into 14 sections, each of which presents a major HMGP subject area. In each section, information is presented on the right side of the page. In several sections, job aids containing supplemental material are provided. The job aids for each section can be found at the end of the section. At the front of each section, there is a detailed table of contents to help you locate specific information.
Posted in Social Science

Introduction to Emergency Management

Author: George Haddow,Jane Bullock,Damon P. Coppola

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0124104053

Category: Nature

Page: 440

View: 6200

Introduction to Emergency Management, Fifth Edition, offers a fully up-to-date analysis of US emergency management principles. In addition to expanding coverage of risk management in a time of climate change and terrorism, Haddow, Bullock, and Coppola discuss the impact of new emergency management technologies, social media, and an increasing focus on recovery. They examine the effects of the 2012 election results and discuss FEMA’s controversial National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP). Introduction to Emergency Management, Fifth Edition, gives instructors and students the best textbook content, instructor-support materials, and online resources to prepare future EM professionals for this demanding career. New to this edition: Introduction to FEMA's Whole Community disaster preparedness initiative Material on recent disaster events, including the Boston Marathon Bombing (2013), Hurricane Sandy (2012), the Joplin Tornado (2011), the Haiti Earthquake (2011), and the Great East Japan Earthquake (2010) New and updated material on the Department of Homeland Security and the ongoing efforts of the emergency management community to manage terrorism hazards Top-of-the-line ancillaries that can be uploaded to Blackboard and other course management systems.
Posted in Nature

Disaster Response and Recovery

Strategies and Tactics for Resilience

Author: David A. McEntire

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111895758X

Category: Social Science

Page: 560

View: 7922

Provides an overview of the various types of disasters that may occur, the myriad of actors that are involved in emergency management, and the diverse theoretical frameworks from which post-disaster activities may be approached. • Includes updated chapters keeping the material fresh and accessible while incorporating recent changes in policy and new research • Highlights lessons learned from such incidents and catastrophes as: Hurricane Katrina, Earthquake in Haiti, Parking lot collapse in Miami, West Texas industrial explosion, Train wreck in Spain, Aurora movie shooting, Times Square bombing, etc. • Examines typical challenges to be expected during response efforts along with tools and techniques to enhance the ability to protect lives, reduce property damage and minimize disruption • Includes an instructor package which contains: Sample Syllabus, Teaching Suggestions, Test bank, and PowerPoints
Posted in Social Science

Emergency Management

The American Experience 1900-2010, Second Edition

Author: Claire B. Rubin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466517530

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 3830

Following in the footsteps of its popular predecessor, the second edition of Emergency Management: The American Experience 1900–2010 provides the background needed to understand the key political and policy underpinnings of emergency management, exploring how major "focusing events" have shaped the development of emergency management. It builds on the original theoretical framework and chronological approach, but improves on the first edition by adding fresh information on older events such as Hurricane Katrina as well as a new chapter covering the BP oil spill in 2010 and the unprecedented characteristics of the disaster response to it. The final chapter offers an insightful discussion of the public administration concepts that constitute the larger context for consideration of emergency management in the United States for more than a century. Some praise for the new edition of this award-winning book: The first edition of this book filled a serious gap in the literature by providing historical context for present-day emergency management. This edition goes further to flesh out that context, detailing the political and practical underpinnings of emergency management organization and practice. —Professor William L. Waugh Jr., Department of Public Administration & Urban Studies, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University ... a must-read for both undergraduate and graduate students who want to learn from our past and join a growing professional field committed to enhancing community resilience and sustainability. — John C. Pine, director, Research Institute for Energy, Environment and Economics, Appalachian State University
Posted in Political Science

Principles of Emergency Management and Emergency Operations Centers (EOC)

Author: Michael J. Fagel

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439838525

Category: Social Science

Page: 430

View: 1136

Principles of Emergency Management and Emergency Operations Centers (EOC) provides a clear and up-to-date understanding of how an EOC should operate within the guidance of various federal and national programs. It discusses the processes and systems that must be considered in emergency planning and preparedness efforts. The culmination of more than four decades of experience, the text provides time-tested tips for those developing and revising emergency preparedness plans. The book details the requirements for appropriate training and planning, both validated by a well-designed exercise program. Stressing the importance of consistency with the various national preparedness initiatives, it includes the latest developments and best practices in the evolving field of emergency management.
Posted in Social Science

Hazards Analysis

Reducing the Impact of Disasters, Second Edition

Author: John C. Pine

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482228920

Category: Science

Page: 338

View: 3567

The impacts of natural and man-made disasters have increased exponentially over the past few decades. Moreover, with our global interconnectedness and the growing scale of disasters, today's catastrophic disasters can have regional, national, and even global economic consequences. Following in the tradition of the successful first edition, Hazards Analysis: Reducing the Impact of Disasters, Second Edition provides a structure and process for understanding the nature of natural and human-caused disasters. Stressing the role of hazard risk management for public, private, and nonprofit organizations, the author and expert contributors cover problem solving, risk analysis, and risk communications to ensure readers are in a position to identify key problems associated with hazards and the risks that they present. The book details a systematic process of hazards identification, vulnerability determination, and consequence assessment for the natural, built, and human environment. Using a cross-disciplinary approach, this book effectively demonstrates how to use the results of vulnerability assessment, spatial analysis, and community planning to reduce adverse disaster outcomes and foster social, economic, and environmental sustainability. Throughout, the book stresses that hazards analysis is not an isolated process but one that must engage the local community. Complete with clearly set objectives, key terms, discussion questions, satellite images and maps, and ancillary websites for further study, this authoritative guide covers every element of the hazard analysis process in a step-by-step format. Hazards Analysis presents time-proven strategies for building sustainable communities, identifying and prioritizing risks, and establishing successful disaster prevention and relief strategies prior to a disaster.
Posted in Science

Introduction to International Disaster Management

Author: Damon P. Coppola

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780123821751

Category: Nature

Page: 696

View: 6621

Disaster management is a vibrant and growing field, driven by government spending in the wake of terrorist attacks and environmental debacles, as well as private-sector hiring of risk managers and emergency planners. An ever-increasing number of practicing professionals needs a reference that can provide a solid foundation in ALL major phases of supervision – mitigation, preparedness, response, communications, and recovery. As climate change leads to further costly catastrophes and as countries around the world continue to struggle with terrorism, the demand for solutions will only grow. This revised edition of Coppola’s revered resource meets said demand head-on with more focused, current, thoughtfully analyzed, and effective approaches to disaster relief. Expanded coverage of global approaches to disaster management with enhanced data and research on disasters around the world, including Cyclone Nargis, the H1N1 pandemic, and the tsunami in American Samoa More material on risk management, mitigation, myths that affect behavior during crises, and post-disaster evaluation of the response Up-to-date information on the role of aid organizations and international financial institutions like the World Bank in disaster response, as well as commentary on the latest research in disaster management and policy studies
Posted in Nature

Planning for Disaster

How Natural and Manmade Disasters Shape the Built Environment

Author: William Ramroth

Publisher: Kaplan Publishing

ISBN: 9781419593734

Category: Architecture

Page: 304

View: 5846

Disasters, throughout the ages, have shaped the built environment. The way city planners, architects, engineers and politicians plan and design cities, buildings, highways, tunnels and bridges have all been fashioned to some degree by the mischievous hands of disasters. Planning for Disaster will trace the impact of natural and manmade disasters on urban planning, building design and the design of large-scale engineering projects such as bridges, tunnels and levees. The book will reference recent disasters such as the Loma Prieta Earthquake (1989), the Oklahoma City Bombing (1995), the 9/11 Terrorist Attack (2001), Hurricane Katrina (2005), as well as catastrophic events from history such as the burning of Rome in AD 64, the London fire of 1666, the New York fire of 1835, the Great Chicago Fire of 1871 and the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake and Fire. Planning for Disaster will include approximately 25 illustrations (photographs and figures) in support of the text.
Posted in Architecture