Hazard Analysis Techniques for System Safety

Author: Clifton A. Ericson, II

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119101727

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 640

View: 2721

Explains in detail how to perform the most commonly used hazard analysis techniques with numerous examples of practical applications • Includes new chapters on Concepts of Hazard Recognition, Environmental Hazard Analysis, Process Hazard Analysis, Test Hazard Analysis, and Job Hazard Analysis • Updated text covers introduction, theory, and detailed description of many different hazard analysis techniques and explains in detail how to perform them as well as when and why to use each technique • Describes the components of a hazard and how to recognize them during an analysis • Contains detailed examples that apply the methodology to everyday problems
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Hazard Analysis Techniques for System Safety

Author: Clifton A. Ericson, II

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119101689

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 640

View: 2051

Explains in detail how to perform the most commonly used hazard analysis techniques with numerous examples of practical applications • Includes new chapters on Concepts of Hazard Recognition, Environmental Hazard Analysis, Process Hazard Analysis, Test Hazard Analysis, and Job Hazard Analysis • Updated text covers introduction, theory, and detailed description of many different hazard analysis techniques and explains in detail how to perform them as well as when and why to use each technique • Describes the components of a hazard and how to recognize them during an analysis • Contains detailed examples that apply the methodology to everyday problems
Posted in Technology & Engineering

System Safety Engineering and Risk Assessment

A Practical Approach, Second Edition

Author: Nicholas J. Bahr

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466551615

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 443

View: 2152

We all know that safety should be an integral part of the systems that we build and operate. The public demands that they are protected from accidents, yet industry and government do not always know how to reach this common goal. This book gives engineers and managers working in companies and governments around the world a pragmatic and reasonable approach to system safety and risk assessment techniques. It explains in easy-to-understand language how to design workable safety management systems and implement tested solutions immediately. The book is intended for working engineers who know that they need to build safe systems, but aren’t sure where to start. To make it easy to get started quickly, it includes numerous real-life engineering examples. The book’s many practical tips and best practices explain not only how to prevent accidents, but also how to build safety into systems at a sensible price. The book also includes numerous case studies from real disasters that describe what went wrong and the lessons learned. See What’s New in the Second Edition: New chapter on developing government safety oversight programs and regulations, including designing and setting up a new safety regulatory body, developing safety regulatory oversight functions and governance, developing safety regulations, and how to avoid common mistakes in government oversight Significantly expanded chapter on safety management systems, with many practical applications from around the world and information about designing and building robust safety management systems, auditing them, gaining internal support, and creating a safety culture New and expanded case studies and "Notes from Nick’s Files" (examples of practical applications from the author’s extensive experience) Increased international focus on world-leading practices from multiple industries with practical examples, common mistakes to avoid, and new thinking about how to build sustainable safety management systems New material on safety culture, developing leading safety performance indicators, safety maturity model, auditing safety management systems, and setting up a safety knowledge management system
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Basic Guide to System Safety

Author: Jeffrey W. Vincoli

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118904869

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 256

View: 6812

This book provides guidance on including prevention through design concepts within an occupational safety and health management system. Through the application of these concepts, decisions pertaining to occupational hazards and risks can be incorporated into the process of design and redesign of work premises, tools, equipment, machinery, substances, and work processes including their construction, manufacture, use, maintenance, and ultimate disposal or reuse. These techniques provide guidance for a life-cycle assessment and design model that balances environmental and occupational safety and health goals over the life span of a facility, process, or product. The new edition is expanded to include primer information on the use of safety assurance techniques in design and construction.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Plant Hazard Analysis and Safety Instrumentation Systems

Author: Swapan Basu

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128038217

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1062

View: 4645

Plant Hazard Analysis and Safety Instrumentation Systems is the first book to combine coverage of these two integral aspects of running a chemical processing plant. It helps engineers from various disciplines learn how various analysis techniques, international standards, and instrumentation and controls provide layers of protection for basic process control systems, and how, as a result, overall system reliability, availability, dependability, and maintainability can be increased. This step-by-step guide takes readers through the development of safety instrumented systems, also including discussions on cost impact, basics of statistics, and reliability. Swapan Basu brings more than 35 years of industrial experience to this book, using practical examples to demonstrate concepts. Basu links between the SIS requirements and process hazard analysis in order to complete SIS lifecycle implementation and covers safety analysis and realization in control systems, with up-to-date descriptions of modern concepts, such as SIL, SIS, and Fault Tolerance to name a few. In addition, the book addresses security issues that are particularly important for the programmable systems in modern plants, and discusses, at length, hazardous atmospheres and their impact on electrical enclosures and the use of IS circuits. Helps the reader identify which hazard analysis method is the most appropriate (covers ALARP, HAZOP, FMEA, LOPA) Provides tactics on how to implement standards, such as IEC 61508/61511 and ANSI/ISA 84 Presents information on how to conduct safety analysis and realization in control systems and safety instrumentation
Posted in Technology & Engineering

System Safety Primer

Author: Clifton A. Ericson, II

Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub

ISBN: 9781466345393

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 152

View: 1895

System safety is an engineering discipline that is applied during the design and development of a product or system to identify and eliminate/mitigate hazards, thereby preventing potential mishaps and accidents. System safety is ultimately about savings lives. It is a proven technique that is currently applied on a diversity of systems, such as commercial aircraft, military aircraft, ships, trains, automobiles, nuclear power plants, weapon systems, chemical processing plants, mining, software, and medical devices. The lack of system safety costs millions of dollars in damages and loss of lives every year due to preventable mishaps. The purpose of this book is to provide an introduction to the system safety process; it presents the tools, techniques and processes involved in the system safety discipline. This book is intended for persons from various industries who are interested in making safe products and systems. It should be very useful to those individuals new to the system safety discipline with a desire to understand the basic methodology. It is also intended as a refresher for system safety practitioners that already apply the system safety process in their daily job. This book is for engineers, analysts and managers who are confronted with the responsibility of developing safe systems and products.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Engineering a Safer World

Systems Thinking Applied to Safety

Author: Nancy G. Leveson

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262297302

Category: Science

Page: 560

View: 8912

Engineering has experienced a technological revolution, but the basic engineering techniques applied in safety and reliability engineering, created in a simpler, analog world, have changed very little over the years. In this groundbreaking book, Nancy Leveson proposes a new approach to safety -- more suited to today's complex, sociotechnical, software-intensive world -- based on modern systems thinking and systems theory. Revisiting and updating ideas pioneered by 1950s aerospace engineers in their System Safety concept, and testing her new model extensively on real-world examples, Leveson has created a new approach to safety that is more effective, less expensive, and easier to use than current techniques.Arguing that traditional models of causality are inadequate, Leveson presents a new, extended model of causation (Systems-Theoretic Accident Model and Processes, or STAMP), then then shows how the new model can be used to create techniques for system safety engineering, including accident analysis, hazard analysis, system design, safety in operations, and management of safety-critical systems. She applies the new techniques to real-world events including the friendly-fire loss of a U.S. Blackhawk helicopter in the first Gulf War; the Vioxx recall; the U.S. Navy SUBSAFE program; and the bacterial contamination of a public water supply in a Canadian town. Leveson's approach is relevant even beyond safety engineering, offering techniques for "reengineering" any large sociotechnical system to improve safety and manage risk.
Posted in Science

System Safety for the 21st Century

The Updated and Revised Edition of System Safety 2000

Author: Richard A. Stephans

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118591526

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 8226

Summarizes the current state of "front-end" risk-control techniques Many approaches to risk control are possible. However, only through careful reading, evaluation, and study can one make the best choice of a practical philosophy for a system safety program. The goal is to apply the best scientific and engineering principles in the best way, resulting in the soundest and safest possible system. System Safety for the 21st Century provides in-depth coverage of this specialized discipline within the safety profession. Written for both technical and nontechnical reference, this clearly organized text serves as a resource for both students and practitioners. It gives basic and essential information about the identification, evaluation, analysis, and control of hazards in components, systems, subsystems, processes, and facilities. Integrating the changes to the field that have occurred since publication of the first edition, this revised and expanded resource offers: * Logical progression from basics to techniques to applications * New focus on process safety not found in other texts * A new and unique section on professionalism for system safety and other safety practitioners * Presentation of both system safety scope and essentials * Consistent chapter format for easy learning includes an introduction and summary for each chapter * Review questions reinforcing important points * A combination of basis requirements with practical experience * Information on selected techniques to assess hazards and provide management oversight * An updated section on protecting against external events in the light of the global terrorist threat * Critiques of existing systems, including those of the Department of Defense and the * Department of Energy Relevant to industry, academia, and government, System Safety for the 21st Century is an essential resource for anyone studying or implementing proactive hazard identification and risk control techniques and procedures.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Guidelines for Process Hazards Analysis (PHA, HAZOP), Hazards Identification, and Risk Analysis

Author: Nigel Hyatt

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420039603

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 474

View: 7627

This unique manual is a comprehensive, easy-to-read overview of hazards analysis as it applies to the process and allied industries. The book begins by building a background in the technical definition of risk, past industrial incidents and their impacts, ensuing legislation, and the language and terms of the risk field. It addresses the different types of structured analytical techniques for conducting Process Hazards Analyses (PHA), provides a "What If" checklist, and shows how to organize and set up PHA sessions. Other topics include layout and siting considerations, Failure Modes and Effect Analysis (FMEA), human factors, loss of containment, and PHA team leadership issues.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Job Hazard Analysis

A guide for voluntary compliance and beyond

Author: James Roughton,Nathan Crutchfield

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 9780080554167

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 520

View: 4881

Job Hazard Analysis: A Guide for Voluntary Compliance and Beyond presents a new and improved concept for Job Hazard Analysis (JHA) that guides the reader through the whole process of developing tools for identifying workplace hazards, creating systems that support hazard recognition, designing an effective JHA, and integrating a JHA based program into occupational safety and health management systems. The book goes beyond the traditional approach of focusing just on the sequence of steps and demonstrates how to integrate a risk assessment and behavioral component into the process by incorporating elements from Behavior-Related Safety and Six Sigma. This approach allows businesses to move from mere compliance to pro-active safety management. This book methodically develops the risk assessment basis needed for ANSI/AIHA Z10 and other safety and health management systems. It is supported by numerous real-life examples, end of chapter review questions, sample checklists, action plans and forms. There is a complete online solutions manual for instructors adopting the book in college and university occupational safety and health courses. This text is intended for lecturers and students in occupational safety and health courses as well as vocational and degree courses at community colleges and universities. It will also appeal to safety and health professionals in all industries; supervisors, senior managers and HR professionals with responsibility for safety and health; and loss control and insurance professionals. Enhances the JHA with concepts from Behavior- Related Safety and proven risk assessment strategies using Six Sigma tools Methodically develops the risk assessment basis needed for ANSI/AIHA Z10 and other safety and health management systems Includes numerous real-life examples, end of chapter review questions, sample checklists, action plans and forms
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Handbook of Loss Prevention Engineering, 2 Volume Set

Author: Joel M. Haight

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527650660

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1154

View: 4102

Loss prevention engineering describes all activities intended to help organizations in any industry to prevent loss, whether it be through injury, fire, explosion, toxic release, natural disaster, terrorism or other security threats. Compared to process safety, which only focusses on preventing loss in the process industry, this is a much broader field. Here is the only one-stop source for loss prevention principles, policies, practices, programs and methodology presented from an engineering vantage point. As such, this handbook discusses the engineering needs for manufacturing, construction, mining, defense, health care, transportation and quantification, covering the topics to a depth that allows for their functional use while providing additional references should more information be required. The reference nature of the book allows any engineers or other professionals in charge of safety concerns to find the information needed to complete their analysis, project, process, or design.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Safety Risk Management for Medical Devices

Author: Bijan Elahi

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128130997

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 424

View: 1099

Safety Risk Management for Medical Devices demystifies risk management, providing clarity of thought and confidence to the practitioners of risk management as they do their work. Written with practicing engineers, safety management professionals, and students in mind, this book will help readers tackle the difficult questions, such as how to define risk acceptance criteria and how to determine when to stop risk reduction. This book delivers not only theory, but also practical guidance for applying the theory in daily risk management work. The reader is familiarized with the vocabulary of risk management and guided through a process to ensure compliance with the international standard ISO 14971—a requirement for all medical devices. This book outlines sensible, easily comprehensible, and state-of the-art methodologies that are rooted in current industry best practices. Opening chapters introduce the concept of risk, the legal basis for risk management, and the requirements for a compliant risk-management process. The next group of chapters discusses the connection between risk management and quality systems, usability engineering and biocompatibility. This book delves into the techniques of risk management, such as fault tree analysis and failure modes and effects analysis, and continues with risk estimation, risk control, and risk evaluation. Special topics such as software risk management, clinical investigations, and security are also discussed. The latter chapters address benefit-risk analysis, and production and postproduction monitoring. This book concludes with advice and wisdom for sensible, efficient, and successful safety risk management of medical devices. Teaches industry best practices on medical-device risk management in compliance with ISO 14971 Provides practical, easy-to-understand, and step-by-step instructions on how to perform hazard analysis and manage the risks of medical devices Offers a worked-out example applying the risk management process on a hypothetical device
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Civil Aircraft Electrical Power System Safety Assessment

Issues and Practices

Author: Peng Wang

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0081007329

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 318

View: 480

Civil Aircraft Electrical Power System Safety Assessment: Issues and Practices provides guidelines and methods for conducting a safety assessment process on civil airborne systems and equipment. As civil aircraft electrical systems become more complicated, electrical wiring failures have become a huge concern in industry and government—especially on aging platforms. There have been several accidents (most recently battery problems on the Boeing 777) with some of these having a relationship to wiring and power generation. Featuring a case study on the continuous safety assessment process of the civil airborne electrical power system, this book addresses problems, issues and troubleshooting techniques such as single event effects (SEE), the failure effects of electrical wiring interconnection systems (EWIS), formal theories and safety analysis methods in civil aircrafts. Introduces how to conduct assignment of development assurance levels for the electrical power system Includes safety assessments of aging platforms and their respective Electrical Wiring Interconnection System (EWIS) Features material on failure mechanisms for wiring systems and discussion of Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) sustainment
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Concise Encyclopedia of System Safety

Definition of Terms and Concepts

Author: Clifton A. Ericson, II

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118028650

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 5966

The first comprehensive reference work covering safety professional terminology A convenient desk reference designed to fill a serious gap in the system safety body of knowledge, the Concise Encyclopedia of System Safety: Definition of Terms and Concepts is the first book explicitly devoted to defining system safety terms and concepts and designed to help safety professionals quickly and easily locate the definitions and information which they need to stay abreast of research new and old. Definitions for safety-related terminology currently differ between individual books, guidelines, standards, and even laws. Establishing a single common and complete set of definitions for the first time, with examples for each, the book revolutionizes the way in which safety professionals are able to understand their field. The definitive resource devoted to defining all of the major terms and concepts used in system safety and reliability in a single volume, Concise Encyclopedia of System Safety is the go-to book for systems safety engineers, analysts, and managers as they encounter new terms, or need an exact, technical definition of commonly used terms.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Practical Industrial Safety, Risk Assessment and Shutdown Systems

Author: Dave Macdonald

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080473888

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 384

View: 460

This is a book for engineers that covers the hardware and software aspects of high-reliability safety systems, safety instrumentation and shutdown systems as well as risk assessment techniques and the wider spectrum of industrial safety. Rather than another book on the discipline of safety engineering, this is a thoroughly practical guide to the procedures and technology of safety in control and plant engineering. This highly practical book focuses on efficiently implementing and assessing hazard studies, designing and applying international safety practices and techniques, and ensuring high reliability in the safety and emergency shutdown of systems in your plant. This book will provide the reader with the most up-to-date standards for and information on each stage of the safety life cycle from the initial evaluation of hazards through to the detailed engineering and maintenance of safety instrumented systems. It will help them develop the ability to plan hazard and risk assessment studies, then design and implement and operate the safety systems and maintain and evaluate them to ensure high reliability. Finally it will give the reader the knowledge to help prevent the massive devastation and destruction that can be caused by today's highly technical computer controlled industrial environments. * Helps readers develop the ability to plan hazard and risk assessment studies, then design, implement and operate the safety systems and maintain and evaluate them to ensure high reliability * Gives the reader the knowledge to help prevent the massive devastation that can be caused by today's highly technical computer controlled industrial environments * Rather than another book on the discipline of safety engineering, this is a thoroughly practical guide to the procedures and technology of safety in control and plant engineering
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Safety Design for Space Systems

Author: Gary E. Musgrave Ph.D,Axel Larsen,Tommaso Sgobba

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 9780080559223

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 992

View: 8540

Progress in space safety lies in the acceptance of safety design and engineering as an integral part of the design and implementation process for new space systems. Safety must be seen as the principle design driver of utmost importance from the outset of the design process, which is only achieved through a culture change that moves all stakeholders toward front-end loaded safety concepts. This approach entails a common understanding and mastering of basic principles of safety design for space systems at all levels of the program organisation. Fully supported by the International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety (IAASS), written by the leading figures in the industry, with frontline experience from projects ranging from the Apollo missions, Skylab, the Space Shuttle and the International Space Station, this book provides a comprehensive reference for aerospace engineers in industry. It addresses each of the key elements that impact on space systems safety, including: the space environment (natural and induced); human physiology in space; human rating factors; emergency capabilities; launch propellants and oxidizer systems; life support systems; battery and fuel cell safety; nuclear power generators (NPG) safety; habitat activities; fire protection; safety-critical software development; collision avoidance systems design; operations and on-orbit maintenance. * The only comprehensive space systems safety reference, its must-have status within space agencies and suppliers, technical and aerospace libraries is practically guaranteed * Written by the leading figures in the industry from NASA, ESA, JAXA, (et cetera), with frontline experience from projects ranging from the Apollo missions, Skylab, the Space Shuttle, small and large satellite systems, and the International Space Station. * Superb quality information for engineers, programme managers, suppliers and aerospace technologists; fully supported by the IAASS (International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety)
Posted in Technology & Engineering

The Food Safety Hazard Guidebook

Author: Richard Lawley,Laurie Curtis,Judy Davis

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782625623

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 8624

Food safety is important and consumers have a right to expect that those who supply the food that they buy have taken every care to manufacture products that will do them no harm. Those with a responsibility for the regulation of the global food industry recognise this principle and legislate accordingly and the business of managing and regulating the safety of the food supply chain has come a long way in the last 25 years or so. Prompted by the emergence of new food safety hazards, such as the bacterial pathogens Listeria monocytogenes and E. coli O157, powerful new techniques for evaluating and managing the risks presented by these threats have been developed. For example, hazard analysis critical control point, or HACCP, has now become the food safety management system of choice worldwide. Although the food safety management tools are now widely available, they are still virtually useless unless they are supported by adequate and accurate information. HACCP does not work unless its practitioners have access to enough data and scientific knowledge to enable them to understand hazards and how to control them effectively. The Food Safety Hazard Guidebook is an attempt to address the problem of accessing the available information by distilling the key facts about a wide range of individual food safety hazards into a single text. The result is a guidebook, rather than an encyclopaedia, which acts as a portal for the immense and ever expanding body of scientific knowledge that exists for food safety. It is an easy-to-use information resource for anyone with a professional interest in the safety of the food supply. The book is easy to navigate and presents concise and carefully researched factual information on a wide range of biological and chemical hazards in a clear format that is designed to support risk analysis exercises and HACCP studies. It covers a broad range of established and emerging food safety hazards and includes details of authoritative sources of further information (many web-based) for those seeking to examine a topic in greater depth. The section on food allergens is a particularly valuable component of the book, the chapters on fish toxins are also useful and unusual in a book of this kind and bacterial pathogens are comprehensively covered. One of the most important features of the book is the wide scope of the content and the highly structured format designed to help the reader find information quickly. Other key benefits to the reader are: -The wide range of biological and chemical hazards covered in a single book -Written specifically with food industry professionals in mind -Easy to navigate and accessible for the non-expert -Clear and concise presentation of factual information presented in a format that lends itself to use in risk assessment exercises -Inclusion of references and web links to reliable sources of further information on each chapter -specifically designed for practical use by a professional readership.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

SafeWare

System Safety and Computers

Author: Nancy Leveson

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 680

View: 676

We are building systems today--and using computers to control them--that have the potential for large-scale destruction of life and environment. More than ever, software engineers and system developers, as well as their managers, must understand the issues and develop the skills needed to anticipate and prevent accidents before they occur. Professionals should not require a catastrophe to happen before taking action. Addressing this need in her long-awaited book, Nancy Levenson examines what is currently known about building safe electromagnetic systems and looks at past accidents to see what practical lessons can be applied to new computer-controlled systems.Software Demonstrates the importance of integrating software safety efforts with system safety engineering Describes models of accidents and human error that underlie particular approaches to safety problems Presents the elements of a software program, including management, hazard analysis, requirements analysis, design for safety, design of the human-machine interface, and verification 0201119722B04062001
Posted in Computers