Governing the World Trade Organization

Past, Present and Beyond Doha

Author: Thomas Cottier,Manfred Elsig

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139501267

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 2181

Like many other international organizations, the World Trade Organization stands at a crossroads. There is an obvious imbalance between the organization's dispute settlement arm and its negotiation platform. While its current rules, supported by a strong dispute settlement system, have provided some buffering against the negative effects of the financial crises, its negotiation machinery has not produced any substantial outcomes since the late 1990s. It has become obvious that the old way of doing business does not work any more and fresh ideas about governing the organization are needed. Based on rigorous scholarship, this volume of essays offers critical readings on the functioning of the system and provides policy-relevant ideas that go beyond incremental redesign but avoid the trap of romantic scenarios.
Posted in Law

Public Participation and Legitimacy in the WTO

Author: Yves Bonzon

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316061825

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 5160

The legitimacy of the WTO's decision-making process has always been questioned, and many have advocated public participation mechanisms as a remedy. Yves Bonzon considers the limits and potential of these mechanisms by advancing a conceptual framework which distinguishes the four 'implementation parameters' of public participation: the goal, the object, the modalities, and the actors. He addresses the issue of legitimacy by considering to what extent, and by virtue of which legal developments, one can see implementing the democratic principle as a goal for public participation in the context of the WTO. By analysing the institutional structure of the WTO and its different types of decisions, he then outlines how this goal should influence the object and modalities of public participation, which decision-making procedures should be opened to public participation, and how the mechanisms should be implemented in practice. Finally, he suggests specific amendments to existing WTO arrangements on public participation.
Posted in Law

Deliberative Global Governance

Legitimes Regieren durch Recht und Zivilgesellschaft

Author: Ulrike Ehling

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658138262

Category: Political Science

Page: 366

View: 1087

In dieser Studie wird die Annahme, dass deliberative Global Governance legitimes Regieren jenseits des Staates ermöglicht, sowohl theoretisch begründet als auch am Beispiel der WTO empirisch plausibilisiert. Dazu wird ein Modell entwickelt, das Überlegungen der deliberativen Demokratietheorie zur Funktion von Recht und Zivilgesellschaft auf die internationale Politik überträgt. Die Rekonstruktion deliberativer Verfahren in der WTO-Debatte über den Zugang zu lebensnotwendigen Medikamenten zeigt: Wenn zivilgesellschaftliche Akteure öffentlichen Rechtfertigungsdruck aufbauen und zugleich rechtlich kodifizierte Begründungspflichten gelten, dann kann argumentationsbasierte Interaktion gestärkt und die asymmetrische Verteilung von Verhandlungsmacht relativiert werden.
Posted in Political Science

The Reform of International Economic Governance

Author: Antonio Segura Serrano

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317018125

Category: Law

Page: 268

View: 4522

The second half of the twentieth century saw the emergence of international economic law as a major force in the international legal system. This force has been severely tested by the economic crisis of 2008. Unable to prevent the crisis, the existing legal mechanisms have struggled to react against its direst consequences. This book brings together leading experts to analyse the main causes of the crisis and the role that international economic law has played in trying to prevent it, on the one hand, and worsening it, on the other. The work highlights the reaction and examines the tools that have been created by the international legal field to implement international cooperation in an effort to help put an end to the crisis and avoid similar events in the future. The volume brings together eminent legal academics and economists to examine key issues from the perspectives of trade law, financial law, and investment law with the collective aim of reform of international economic governance.
Posted in Law

Reconstructing the World Trade Organization for the 21st Century

An Institutional Approach

Author: Kent Jones

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199366063

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 9990

The institutional shortcomings of the World Trade Organization (WTO) became apparent during the Doha Round of Trade negotiations that began in 2001 and which aimed to improve the success of developing countries' trading by lowering trade barriers and adjusting other trade rules. This "development agenda" meant different things to rich and poor countries. In addition, many of the circumstances that supported success in General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) negotiations of 1947 were no longer present after the WTO was founded in 1995. In Reconstructing the World Trade Organization for the 21st Century, Kent Jones examines the difficulties of the WTO in completing multilateral trade negotiations and possible ways to restore its ability to do so. The problem lies in the institutional structure it inherited from the GATT, which was designed for a more limited scope of trade negotiations among a relatively small number of wealthier, industrialized countries. Jones presents an institutional model of the GATT/WTO system, which describes why such an organization exists and how it is supposed to accomplish its goals. Institutional reforms will be necessary to restore the WTO's ability to complete global trade agreements, including a more flexible application of the consensus rule, a common understanding among all members about the limits of domestic policy space that is subject to negotiation, and clearer rules on reciprocity obligations. The popularity of bilateral and regional trade agreements, which have emerged as the alternative to WTO agreements, presents a threat to the WTO's relevance in trade negotiations, but also an opportunity to "multilateralize" new and deeper trade integration in future WTO agreements. Aid for trade may also play an instrumental role in bringing more developing countries into WTO disciplines. Above all, WTO members must develop new ways to find common ground in order to negotiate for mutual gains from trade.
Posted in Business & Economics

The History and Future of the World Trade Organization

Author: Craig VanGrasstek

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 646

View: 7422

This comprehensive account of the establishment of the WTO focuses on those who shaped its creation as well as those who have influenced its evolution. It also examines trade negotiations, the WTO's dispute settlement role, the process of joining, and what lies ahead for the organization.
Posted in Business & Economics

World Trade Report 2013

Factors Shaping the Future of World Trade

Author: World Trade Organization,World Trade Organization Wto

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789287038593

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 8276

The world is changing with extraordinary rapidity, driven by many influences, including shifts in production and consumption patterns, continuing technological innovation, new ways of doing business and, of course, policy. The World Trade Report 2013 focuses on how trade is both a cause and an effect of change and looks into the factors shaping the future of world trade. One of the most significant drivers of change is technology. Not only have revolutions in transport and communications transformed our world but new developments, such as 3D printing, and the continuing spread of information technology will continue to do so. Trade and foreign direct investment, together with a greater geographical spread of income growth and opportunity, will integrate a growing number of countries into more extensive international exchange. Higher incomes and larger populations will put new strains on both renewable and non-renewable resources, calling for careful resource management. Environmental issues will also call for increasing attention. Economic and political institutions along with the interplay of cultural customs among countries all help to shape international cooperation, including in the trade field. The future of trade will also be affected by the extent to which politics and policies successfully address issues of growing social concern, such as the availability of jobs and persistent income inequality. These and other factors are all examined in the World Trade Report 2013.
Posted in Political Science

Doha and Beyond

The Future of the Multilateral Trading System

Author: Mike Moore

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521833431

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 184

View: 5936

This book brings together members of the former WTO Director General's advisory group which was formed to provide him with expert advice before and after the Doha Ministerial Conference. Nine experts explore issues which are pertinent to the ongoing progress in negotiations, and their chapters are brought together with an overview introduction. All in all, this volume offers an excellent summary of key issues facing the WTO as it moves forward. It should prove essential reading for trade negotiators and scholars concerned with the post-Cancoun agenda.
Posted in Business & Economics

The Law and Policy of the World Trade Organization

Text, Cases and Materials

Author: Peter Van den Bossche

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139445559

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 3860

This is primarily a textbook for graduate and upper-level undergraduate students of law. However, practising lawyers and policy-makers who are looking for an introduction to WTO law will also find it invaluable. The book covers both the institutional and substantive law of the WTO. While the treatment of the law is often quite detailed, the main aim of this textbook is to make clear the basic principles and underlying logic of WTO law and the world trading system. Each section contains questions and assignments, to allow students to assess their understanding and develop useful practical skills. At the end of each chapter there is a helpful summary, as well as an exercise on specific, true-to-life international trade problems.
Posted in Law

Reform and Development of the WTO Dispute Settlement System

Author: Dencho Georgiev,Kim van der Borght

Publisher: Cameron May

ISBN: 1905017243

Category: Arbitration and award, International

Page: 488

View: 2012

The review of the dispute settlement system of the WTO was written into the results of the Uruguay Round establishing the organization. The planned review after four years failed to reach a conclusion and the review process was extended several times, to be finally taken up as a separate part of the Doha Round.
Posted in Arbitration and award, International

Trade, Poverty, Development

Getting Beyond the WTO's Doha Deadlock

Author: Rorden Wilkinson,James Scott

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415624495

Category: Political Science

Page: 233

View: 957

This work seeks to look beyond the seemingly endless deadlock in the WTO's Doha round of trade negotiations that began in November 2001 and were first scheduled to conclude by January 1, 2005. As well as offering an incisive analysis of the ills of the round, with particular attention directed at the poorest and least developed countries, the book expands on how the round could be moved forward elaborating on the Statement on the Doha Development Agenda that was negotiated in Johannesburg . The work as a whole provides the reader with a critical analysis of the implications of the negotiations for development and poverty reduction as well as proposals for moving beyond the current impasse. The volume brings together contributions from serving and former ambassadors to the WTO, key practitioners, and civil society representatives along with those of leading scholars. Each chapter explores an area of critical importance to the round; and together they stand as an important contribution to debates not only about the Doha round but also about the role of trade in the amelioration of poverty in the poorest countries.
Posted in Political Science

Africa and the European Union

A Strategic Partnership

Author: J. Mangala

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137269472

Category: Social Science

Page: 257

View: 9362

The adoption of the Joint Africa-EU Strategy (JAES) in 2007 was a watershed moment in Africa-EU relations, one that sought to 'reinvent' a historical relationship to meet the challenges posed by complex interdependencies, expanding globalization, and growing competition, all framed by the gradual dislocation of the West as the epicenter of world politics. Five years into its implementation, this book offers a thorough and first comprehensive investigation of the JAES, the most advanced form of interregionalism seen to date.
Posted in Social Science

The WTO and the multilateral trading system

past, present and future

Author: Bhagirath Lal Das

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781842774816

Category: Political Science

Page: 249

View: 1474

Examing the evolution of the multilateral trading system and the World Trade Organisation itself, this book traces the development of the system and how major industrial nations have exploited its workings to serve their own narrow interests.
Posted in Political Science

Rethinking the Global Trading System

The Next Frontier

Author: Grant Douglas Aldonas

Publisher: CSIS

ISBN: 0892065869

Category: Political Science

Page: 86

View: 5705

With the global economy slowing, global trade negotiations currently not making sufficient progress, and the emergence of a risk of increased protectionism, the need to demonstrate the importance of trade and the positive contribution it can make to economic growth and global welfare has never been more pressing. Completing an ambitious Doha Development Agenda for the World Trade Organization (WTO) would help restore confidence in markets, as well as represent a powerful statement by members of the world trading system of their commitment to an open global economy.Given the fundamental changes under way in the global economy, however, progress on trade will require a strategy that looks beyond the Doha Round—one that rethinks the ends and means of trade policy in a more globalized world economy. Toward this end, the Government of Sweden organized a conference to elicit fresh thinking on the direction of trade policy in advance of Sweden's assumption of the European Union's presidency in July 2009. The conference, held in Washington on March 25, 2009, had three main objectives: ? assessing what changes in the structure of international trade and investment mean for the conduct of trade policy in globally integrated markets; ? exploring how trade policy and the trading system can best contribute to addressing the broader challenges the global community confronts, specifically to a reduction in global poverty and a response to global warming; and ? determining the appropriate role for the WTO and the trade regime in light of the growing debate over reforming the international economic architecture.
Posted in Political Science

The Economist

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Commerce

Page: N.A

View: 868

Posted in Commerce

Encyclopedia of the Global Economy: List of entries

Author: David Edward O'Connor

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780313335853

Category: Economic history

Page: 440

View: 516

Examines the concepts, people, and organizations related to economic globalization from the sixteenth century to the present, and features over 150 alphabetically-arranged entries and primary documents on topics including international trade, outsourcing, and child labor.
Posted in Economic history

Choice

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 4664

Posted in Academic libraries

World Development Report 2009

Reshaping Economic Geography

Author: World Bank

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821376089

Category: Political Science

Page: 300

View: 9029

Rising densities of human settlements, migration and transport to reduce distances to market, and specialization and trade facilitated by fewer international divisions are central to economic development. The transformations along these three dimensions density, distance, and division are most noticeable in North America, Western Europe, and Japan, but countries in Asia and Eastern Europe are changing in ways similar in scope and speed. 'World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography' concludes that these spatial transformations are essential, and should be encouraged. The conclusion is not without controversy. Slum-dwellers now number a billion, but the rush to cities continues. Globalization is believed to benefit many, but not the billion people living in lagging areas of developing nations. High poverty and mortality persist among the world's 'bottom billion', while others grow wealthier and live longer lives. Concern for these three billion often comes with the prescription that growth must be made spatially balanced. The WDR has a different message: economic growth is seldom balanced, and efforts to spread it out prematurely will jeopardize progress. The Report: documents how production becomes more concentrated spatially as economies grow. proposes economic integration as the principle for promoting successful spatial transformations. revisits the debates on urbanization, territorial development, and regional integration and shows how today's developers can reshape economic geography.
Posted in Political Science

The World Trade Organization

Another Round

Author: Harold B. Whitiker

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781600218163

Category: Political Science

Page: 199

View: 6046

The World Trade Organisation (WTO) is the only global international organisation dealing with the rules of trade between nations. At its heart are the WTO agreements, negotiated and signed by the bulk of the world's trading nations and ratified in their parliaments. The goal is to help producers of goods and services, exporters, and importers conduct their business. Although this is no doubt true, the goal is clouded by the political fog created by both current members and wanabees. This book tries to shed a ray of light on the current set of imbroglios.
Posted in Political Science

International Trade Reporter

Current reports

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Commerce

Page: N.A

View: 3767

Posted in Commerce