Google It

Total Information Awareness

Author: Newton Lee

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1493964151

Category: Computers

Page: 564

View: 5273

From Google search to self-driving cars to human longevity, is Alphabet creating a neoteric Garden of Eden or Bentham’s Panopticon? Will King Solomon’s challenge supersede the Turing test for artificial intelligence? Can transhumanism mitigate existential threats to humankind? These are some of the overarching questions in this book, which explores the impact of information awareness on humanity starting from the Book of Genesis to the Royal Library of Alexandria in the 3rd century BC to the modern day of Google Search, IBM Watson, and Wolfram|Alpha. The book also covers Search Engine Optimization, Google AdWords, Google Maps, Google Local Search, and what every business leader must know about digital transformation. “Search is curiosity, and that will never be done,” said Google’s first female engineer and Yahoo’s sixth CEO Marissa Mayer. The truth is out there; we just need to know how to Google it!
Posted in Computers

Facebook Nation

Total Information Awareness

Author: Newton Lee

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1493917404

Category: Computers

Page: 412

View: 7876

Facebook’s psychological experiments and Edward Snowden’s NSA leaks epitomize a world of increasing information awareness in the social media ecosystem. With over a billion monthly active users, Facebook as a nation is overtaking China as the largest country in the world. President Barack Obama, in his 2011 State of the Union Address, called America “the nation of Edison and the Wright brothers” and “of Google and Facebook.” U.S. Chief Information Officer Steven VanRoekel opines that America has become a “Facebook nation” that demands increased transparency and interactivity from the federal government. Ubiquitous social networks such as Facebook, Google+, Twitter, and YouTube are creating the technologies, infrastructures, and big data necessary for Total Information Awareness – a controversial surveillance program proposed by DARPA after the 9/11 attacks. NSA’s secret PRISM program has reinvigorated WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange’s accusation that “Facebook is the most appalling spying machine that has ever been invented.” Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg once said, “We exist at the intersection of technology and social issues.” This book offers discourse and practical advice on the privacy issue in the age of big data, business intelligence in social media, e-government and e-activism, as well as personal total information awareness. This expanded edition also includes insights from Wikipedian Emily Temple-Wood and Facebook ROI experts Dennis Yu and Alex Houg.
Posted in Computers

Mass Surveillance and State Control

The Total Information Awareness Project

Author: E. Cohen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230113958

Category: Political Science

Page: 252

View: 1308

This book details the factors contributing to the degenerative trend of mass, warrantless government surveillance which imperils civil liberties, and specifies recommendations for constructive change. It also provides a platform for grassroots efforts to stop the decline before it is too late.
Posted in Political Science

Google and Democracy

Politics and the Power of the Internet

Author: Sean Richey,J. Benjamin Taylor

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351658719

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 4306

For the first time in human history, access to information on almost any topic is accessible through the Internet. A powerful extraction system is needed to disseminate this knowledge, which for most users is Google. Google Search is an extremely powerful and important component to American political life in the twenty-first century, yet its influence is poorly researched or understood. Sean Richey and J. Benjamin Taylor explore for the first time the influence of Google on American politics, specifically on direct democracy. Using original experiments and nationally representative cross-sectional data, Richey and Taylor show how Google Search returns quality information, that users click on quality information, and gain political knowledge and other contingent benefits. Additionally, they correlate Google usage with real-world voting behavior on direct democracy. Building a theory of Google Search use for ballot measures, Google and Democracy is an original addition to the literature on the direct democracy, Internet politics, and information technology. An indispensable read to all those wishing to gain new insights on how the Internet has the power to be a normatively valuable resource for citizens.
Posted in Political Science

Counterterrorism and Cybersecurity

Total Information Awareness

Author: Newton Lee

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461472059

Category: Computers

Page: 234

View: 6705

Imagine James Bond meets Sherlock Holmes: Counterterrorism and Cybersecurity is the sequel to Facebook Nation in the Total Information Awareness book series by Newton Lee. The book examines U.S. counterterrorism history, technologies, and strategies from a unique and thought-provoking approach that encompasses personal experiences, investigative journalism, historical and current events, ideas from great thought leaders, and even the make-believe of Hollywood. Demystifying Total Information Awareness, the author expounds on the U.S. intelligence community, artificial intelligence in data mining, social media and privacy, cyber attacks and prevention, causes and cures for terrorism, and longstanding issues of war and peace. The book offers practical advice for businesses, governments, and individuals to better secure the world and protect cyberspace. It quotes U.S. Navy Admiral and NATO’s Supreme Allied Commander James Stavridis: “Instead of building walls to create security, we need to build bridges.” The book also provides a glimpse into the future of Plan X and Generation Z, along with an ominous prediction from security advisor Marc Goodman at TEDGlobal 2012: “If you control the code, you control the world.” Counterterrorism and Cybersecurity: Total Information Awareness will keep you up at night but at the same time give you some peace of mind knowing that “our problems are manmade — therefore they can be solved by man [or woman],” as President John F. Kennedy said at the American University commencement in June 1963.
Posted in Computers

10 Minuten Reformation

Author: Uta Giesel,Clemens Kilian

Publisher: Georg Olms Verlag

ISBN: 3487156792

Category: Education

Page: 68

View: 4238

Am 31. Oktober 2017 jährte sich der sog. Thesenanschlag Martin Luthers zum 500. Mal. Luther hatte als Theologieprofessor gravierende Fehlentwicklungen seiner Kirche und Gesellschaft angeprangert und konkrete Thesen präsentiert, wie diese Missstände beseitigt werden könnten. Dabei sah Luther seine Kirche, seine Gesellschaft, sogar die ganze Welt in höchster existentieller Gefahr. Die ökumenische Hochschulgemeinde von KHG und ESG in Hildesheim nahm das geschichtsträchtige Datum zum Anlass, um mit Lehrenden unterschiedlicher wissenschaftlicher Fachbereiche an der Universität Hildesheim darüber zu diskutieren, welche gesellschaftlichen „Reformationen“ heute erforderlich sind, je aus der Perspektive des jeweiligen Fachbereiches. Die Statements sollten an unterschiedlichen Orten der Universität gehalten werden, jeweils mittwochs zur programmatischen Uhrzeit um fünf vor zwölf. Ziel des hochschulöffentlichen Diskurs-Projektes war es, essentielle Dringlichkeitsgebote („Thesen“) aus einzelnen Wissenschaftsdisziplinen zu sammeln und in den Dialog zu bringen. Heraus gekommen sind zehn 10-Minuten-Statements von charmanter Eigenwilligkeit und enormer hochschulpolitischer und gesellschaftlicher Brisanz. Es sind Zeitdiagnosen und Veränderungsappelle aus der Sozialwissenschaft, der Kulturpolitik und der Psychologie, der Theater- und der Erziehungswissenschaft, der Theologie, der Philosophie und der englischen Sprachwissenschaft, der Informationswissenschaft und aus der Welt der verfassten Studierendenschaft. Die Statements liegen in diesem Buch nun schriftlich vor und provozieren Widerspruch oder Zustimmung, auf jeden Fall aber die Lust, darüber ins Gespräch zu kommen, unter Lehrenden und Studierenden…
Posted in Education

The Watchers

The Rise of America's Surveillance State

Author: Shane Harris

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781101195741

Category: Political Science

Page: 432

View: 8710

Using exclusive access to key insiders, Shane Harris charts the rise of America's surveillance state over the past twenty-five years and highlights a dangerous paradox: Our government's strategy has made it harder to catch terrorists and easier to spy on the rest of us. Our surveillance state was born in the brain of Admiral John Poindexter in 1983. Poindexter, Reagan's National Security Advisor, realized that the United States might have prevented the terrorist massacre of 241 Marines in Beirut if only intelligence agencies had been able to analyze in real time data they had on the attackers. Poindexter poured government know-how and funds into his dream-a system that would sift reams of data for signs of terrorist activity. Decades later, that elusive dream still captivates Washington. After the 2001 attacks, Poindexter returned to government with a controversial program, called Total Information Awareness, to detect the next attack. Today it is a secretly funded operation that can gather personal information on every American and millions of others worldwide. But Poindexter's dream has also become America's nightmare. Despite billions of dollars spent on this digital quest since the Reagan era, we still can't discern future threats in the vast data cloud that surrounds us all. But the government can now spy on its citizens with an ease that was impossible-and illegal-just a few years ago. Drawing on unprecedented access to the people who pioneered this high-tech spycraft, Harris shows how it has shifted from the province of right- wing technocrats to a cornerstone of the Obama administration's war on terror. Harris puts us behind the scenes and in front of the screens where twenty-first-century spycraft was born. We witness Poindexter quietly working from the private sector to get government to buy in to his programs in the early nineties. We see an army major agonize as he carries out an order to delete the vast database he's gathered on possible terror cells-and on thousands of innocent Americans-months before 9/11. We follow General Mike Hayden as he persuades the Bush administration to secretly monitor Americans based on a flawed interpretation of the law. After Congress publicly bans the Total Information Awareness program in 2003, we watch as it is covertly shifted to a "black op," which protects it from public scrutiny. When the next crisis comes, our government will inevitably crack down on civil liberties, but it will be no better able to identify new dangers. This is the outcome of a dream first hatched almost three decades ago, and The Watchers is an engrossing, unnerving wake-up call.
Posted in Political Science

Information Assurance, Security and Privacy Services

Author: H. Raghav Rao,Shambhu Upadhyaya

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1848551940

Category: Computers

Page: 705

View: 2493

The dual goal of the "Handbook in Information Systems" is to provide a reference for the diversity of research in the field by scholars from many disciplines, as well as to stimulate new research. This volume, focusing on Information Assurance, Security and Privacy Services, consists of six sections. In the first part contributors discuss Program Security, Data Security and Authentication, while the second section covers Internet Scourges and Web Security. Parts two and three concentrate on Usable Security and Human-Centric Aspects, along with Security, Privacy and Access Control whereas the final sections of the book examine Economic Aspects of Security, and Threat Modeling, Intrusion and Response.
Posted in Computers

More Secure, Less Free?

Antiterrorism Policy & Civil Liberties after September 11

Author: Mark Sidel

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472026054

Category: Law

Page: 248

View: 5531

The first comprehensive analysis of the full range of antiterror initiatives undertaken in the United States after the 2001 terrorist attacks Unlike earlier books published shortly after the September 11 attacks that focus on the Patriot Act, More Secure, Less Free? covers the Patriot Act but goes well beyond, analyzing Total Information Awareness, Terrorist Information and Prevention System (TIPS), Computer Assisted Passenger Prescreening System II (CAPPS II), and a number of other "second wave" antiterror initiatives. It's also the first book of its kind to go beyond federal measures to explain the devolution of antiterror policies to the states, and now to the military as well. Author Mark Sidel discusses the continuing debates on antiterror law at the state level, with a focus on the important states of New York, California, and Michigan, and explains how the military-through an informant program known as "Eagle Eyes"-is now taking a direct hand in domestic antiterror efforts. The volume also discusses and analyzes crucially important aspects of American antiterror policy that have been largely ignored in other volumes and discusses the effects of antiterror policy on the American academic world and the American nonprofit sector, for example. And it provides the first comparative perspectives on U.S. antiterror policy yet published in an American volume, discussing antiterror initiatives in Great Britain, Australia, and India and contrasting those to the American experience. More Secure, Less Free? is important and essential reading for anyone interested in an analytical perspective on American antiterror policy since September 11 that goes well beyond the Patriot Act. Mark Sidel is Associate Professor of Law at the University of Iowa and a research scholar at the University's Obermann Center for Advanced Studies.
Posted in Law

Information Assurance in Computer Networks. Methods, Models and Architectures for Network Security

International Workshop MMM-ACNS 2001 St. Petersburg, Russia, May 21-23, 2001 Proceedings

Author: Vladimir I. Gorodetski,Victor A. Skormin,Leonard J. Popyack

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540421033

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 311

View: 6080

This book presents the refereed proceedings of the International Workshop on Mathematical Methods, Models, and Architectures for Network Security Systems, MMM-ACNS 2001, held in St. Petersburg in May 2001. The 24 revised full papers presented together with five invited contributions were carefully reviewed and selected from 36 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on network security systems: foundations, models and architectures; intrusion detection: foundations and models; access control, authentication, and authorization; and cryptography and steganography: mathematical basis, protocols, and applied methods.
Posted in Business & Economics

Competition in the Evolving Digital Marketplace

Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Courts and Competition Policy of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, One Hundred Eleventh Congress, Second Session, September 16, 2010

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Courts and Competition Policy,Richard Feinstein

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Antitrust law

Page: 183

View: 9635

Posted in Antitrust law

Privacy

Total Information Awareness Programs and Latest Developments

Author: Gina Marie Stevens

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781590338698

Category: Law

Page: 33

View: 8077

This book describes the Total Information Awareness (TIA) programs in the Defense Research Projects Agency (DARPA) of the Department of Defense, and related information access, collection, and protection laws. TIA is a new technology under development that plans to use data mining technologies to sift through personal transactions in electronic data to find patterns and associations connected to terrorist threats and activities. Data mining technologies are currently used by federal agencies for various purposes. DARPA has underway a five year research project to develop and integrate information technologies into a prototype system or systems to identify foreign terrorists for use by the intelligence, counterintelligence, law enforcement, and homeland security communities. Recent increased awareness about the existence of the TIA project provoked expressions of concern about the potential for the invasion of privacy of law-abiding citizens by the Government, and about the direction of the project by John Poindexter, a central figure in the Iran-Contra affair. While the law enforcement and intelligence communities argue that more sophisticated information gathering techniques are essential to combat today's sophisticated terrorists, civil libertarians worry that the Government's increased capability to assemble information will result in increased and unchecked government power, and the erosion of individual privacy.
Posted in Law

Politics

Observations and Arguments, 1966-2004

Author: Hendrik Hertzberg

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101200928

Category: History

Page: 720

View: 3827

Cause for jubilation: One of America’s wisest and most necessary voices has distilled what he knows about politics, broadly speaking, into one magnificent volume. Here at last are Henrik Hertzberg’s most significant, hilarious, and devastating dispatches from the American scene he has chronicled for four decades with an uncanny blend of moral seriousness, high spirits, and perfect rhetorical pitch. Politics is at once the story of American life from LBJ to GWB and a testament to the power of the written word in the right hands. In those hands, politics encompasses everyone from Jerry Garcia to Rush Limbaugh, every place from New Hampshire to Nicaragua, and everything from Playboy vs. Penthouse to Bush vs. Gore. Hendrik Hertzberg breaks down American politics into its component parts—campaigns, debates, rhetoric, the media, wars (cultural, countercultural, and real), high crimes and misdemeanors, the right, and more. Each section begins with a new piece of writing framing the subject at hand and contains the choicest, most illuminating pieces from his body of work. Politics is a tour of the defining moments of American life from the mid-’60s till the mid-’00s, a ride though recent American history with one of the most insightful and engaging guides imaginable, a writer who consistently makes us see more clearly and feel more deeply. “Politics is invaluable for all sorts of reasons—chief among them being decades of elegant writing in the service of surgical intelligence.”—Toni Morrison
Posted in History

It Can Happen Here

Authoritarian Peril in the Age of Bush

Author: Joe Conason

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 1429917024

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 9576

"When fascism comes to America, it will be wrapped in the flag, carrying a cross." ---Sinclair Lewis, author of It Can't Happen Here, 1935 For the first time since the Nixon era, Americans have reason to doubt the future---or even the presence---of democracy. We live in a society where government conspires with big business and big evangelism; where ideologues and religious zealots attack logic and the scientific method; and where the ruling party encourages xenophobic nationalism based on irrational, manufactured fear. The party in power seems to seek a perpetual state of war to hold on to power, and they are willing to lie, cheat, and steal to achieve their ends. The question must be asked: Are we headed toward the end of American democracy? Nobel Prize--winning author Sinclair Lewis depicted authoritarianism American-style in his sardonically titled dystopian novel It Can't Happen Here, published in 1935. Now, bestselling political journalist Joe Conason argues that it can happen here—and a select group of extremely powerful right-wing ideologues are driving us ever closer to the precipice. In this compelling, impassioned, yet rational and fact-based look at the state of the nation, Conason shows how and why America has been wrenched away from its founding principles and is being dragged toward authoritarianism. Praise for the books of Joe Conason: "A comprehensive, well-researched indictment of a bunch of nasty people who really deserve it." ---Molly Ivins on Big Lies "When Joe casts his eye on the cadres of the right, they invariably emerge battered, with their arguments filleted, their sources of money exposed, and their real motives laid bare." —Michael Tomasky, former editor, The American Prospect, on The Raw Deal "A hundred years from now the primary source on the so-called Clinton scandals will still be The Hunting of the President by Joe Conason and Gene Lyons." ---James Carville on The Hunting of the President
Posted in Political Science

Terrorism Information Sharing and the Nationwide Suspicious Activity Report Initiative

Background and Issues for Congress

Author: Mark A. Randol

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1437925278

Category: Interagency coordination

Page: 23

View: 7740

This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. The 9/11 Commission cited breakdowns in info. sharing and the failure to fuse pertinent intelligence as key factors in the failure to prevent the 9/11 attacks. Suspicious Activity Reports (SARs) contain info. about criminal activity that may also reveal terrorist pre-operational planning. The Nationwide SAR Initiative (NSI) is an effort to have fed., state, local, and tribal law enforcement org. participate in a standardized, integrated approach to gathering, documenting, processing, and analyzing terrorism-related SARs. This report describes the NSI, the rationale for the sharing of terrorism-related SARs, and how the NSI seeks to achieve this objective. It examines the privacy and civil liberties concerns raised by the initiative. Charts and tables.
Posted in Interagency coordination

The Black Box Society

The Secret Algorithms That Control Money and Information

Author: Frank Pasquale

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674967100

Category: Law

Page: 319

View: 1143

Every day, corporations are connecting the dots about our personal behavior—silently scrutinizing clues left behind by our work habits and Internet use. But who connects the dots about what firms are doing with all this information? Frank Pasquale exposes how powerful interests abuse secrecy for profit and explains ways to rein them in.
Posted in Law

Solomon's Builders

Freemasons, Founding Fathers and the Secrets of Washington

Author: Christopher Hodapp

Publisher: Ulysses Press

ISBN: 156975408X

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 3954

Posted in Social Science

No Place to Hide

Author: Robert O'Harrow

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0743287053

Category: Computers

Page: 352

View: 6162

A behind-the-scenes look at some of the less favorable aspects of today's surveillance-based society discusses how the government and private marketing companies are using modern technology to protect homeland security and fight the war on terror at the expense of personal privacy and civil liberties. Reprint. 35,000 first printing.
Posted in Computers

Galileo in Pittsburgh

Author: Clark N. Glymour

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674051034

Category: Education

Page: 150

View: 5308

What did the trial of Galileo share with the trial for fraud of the foremost investigator of the effects of lead exposure on children's intelligence? In the title essay of this rollicking collection on science and education, Clark Glymour argues that fundamentally both were disputes over what methods are legitimate and authoritative. From testing the expertise of NASA scientists to discovering where software goes to die to turning educational research upside down, Glymour's reports from the front lines of science and education read like a blend of Rachel Carson and Hunter S. Thompson. Contrarian and original, he criticizes the statistical arguments against Teach for America, argues for teaching the fallacies of Intelligent Design in high school science, places contemporary psychological research in a Platonic cave dug by Freud, and gives (and rejects) a fair argument for a self-interested, nationalist response to climate change. One of the creators of influential new statistical methods, Glymour has been involved in scientific investigations on such diverse topics as wildfire prediction, planetary science, genomics, climate studies, psychology, and educational research. Now he provides personal reports of the funny, the absurd, and the appalling in contemporary science and education. More bemused than indignant, Galileo in Pittsburgh is an ever-engaging call to rethink how we do science and how we teach it.
Posted in Education