God's Century: Resurgent Religion and Global Politics

Author: Monica Duffy Toft,Daniel Philpott,Timothy Samuel Shah

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393087816

Category: Political Science

Page: 276

View: 7092

A fresh and illuminating perspective on the surge in religion’s political influence across the globe. Is religion a force for good or evil in world politics? How much influence does it have? Despite predictions of its decline, religion has resurged in political influence across the globe, helped by the very forces that were supposed to bury it: democracy, globalization, and technology. And despite recent claims that religion is exclusively irrational and violent, its political influence is in fact diverse, sometimes promoting civil war and terrorism but at other times fostering democracy, reconciliation, and peace. Looking across the globe, the authors explain what generates these radically divergent behaviors. In a time when the public discussion of religion is overheated, these dynamic young scholars use deeply original analysis and sharp case studies to show us both how and why religion’s influence on global politics is surging. Finally they offer concrete suggestions on how to both confront the challenges and take advantage of the opportunities posed by globally resurgent religion.
Posted in Political Science

God's Century

Resurgent Religion and Global Politics

Author: Monica Duffy Toft,Daniel Philpott,Timothy Samuel Shah

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393911942

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 9796

A fresh and illuminating perspective on the surge in religion’s political influence across the globe. Is religion a force for good or evil in world politics? How much influence does it have? Despite predictions of its decline, religion has resurged in political influence across the globe, helped by the very forces that were supposed to bury it: democracy, globalization, and technology. And despite recent claims that religion is exclusively irrational and violent, its political influence is in fact diverse, sometimes promoting civil war and terrorism but at other times fostering democracy, reconciliation, and peace. Looking across the globe, the authors explain what generates these radically divergent behaviors. In a time when the public discussion of religion is overheated, these dynamic young scholars use deeply original analysis and sharp case studies to show us both how and why religion’s influence on global politics is surging. Finally they offer concrete suggestions on how to both confront the challenges and take advantage of the opportunities posed by globally resurgent religion.
Posted in Political Science

Religion and International Relations Theory

Author: Jack Snyder

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231526911

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 9252

Religious concerns stand at the center of international politics, yet key paradigms in international relations, namely realism, liberalism, and constructivism, barely consider religion in their analysis of political subjects. The essays in this collection rectify this. Authored by leading scholars, they introduce models that integrate religion into the study of international politics and connect religion to a rising form of populist politics in the developing world. Contributors identify religion as pervasive and distinctive, forcing a reframing of international relations theory that reinterprets traditional paradigms. One essay draws on both realism and constructivism in the examination of religious discourse and transnational networks. Another positions secularism not as the opposite of religion but as a comparable type of worldview drawing on and competing with religious ideas. With the secular state's perceived failure to address popular needs, religion has become a banner for movements that demand a more responsive government. The contributors to this volume recognize this trend and propose structural and theoretical innovations for future advances in the discipline.
Posted in Political Science

Rethinking Religion and World Affairs

Author: Timothy Samuel Shah,Alfred Stepan,Monica Duffy Toft

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199827982

Category: Religion

Page: 336

View: 3428

In recent years, the role of religion in the study and conduct of international affairs has become increasingly important. The essays in this volume seek to question and remedy the problematic neglect of religion in extant scholarship, grappling with puzzles, issues, and questions concerning religion and world affairs in six major areas. Contributors critically revisit the "secularization thesis," which proclaimed the steady erosion of religion's public presence as an effect of modernization; explore the relationship between religion, democracy, and the juridico-political discourse of human rights; assess the role of religion in fomenting, ameliorating, and redressing violent conflict; and consider the value of religious beliefs, actors, and institutions to the delivery of humanitarian aid and the fostering of socio-economic development. Finally, the volume addresses the representation of religion in the expanding global media landscape, the unique place of religion in American foreign policy, and the dilemmas it presents. Drawing on the work of leading scholars as well as policy makers and analysts, Rethinking Religion and World Affairs is the first comprehensive and authoritative guide to the interconnections of religion and global politics.
Posted in Religion

Religious Pluralism, Globalization, and World Politics

Author: Thomas Banchoff

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199717303

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 9671

Globalization has spawned more active transnational religious communities, creating a powerful force in world affairs. Religious Pluralism, Globalization and World Politics, an incisive new collection of essays, explores the patterns of cooperation and conflict that mark this new religious pluralism. Shifting religious identities have encouraged interreligious dialogue and greater political engagement around global challenges including international development, conflict resolution, transitional justice, and bioethics. At the same time, interreligious competition has contributed to political conflict and running controversy over the meaning and scope of religious freedom. In this volume, leading scholars from a variety of disciplines examine how the forces of religious pluralism and globalization are playing out on the world stage.
Posted in Political Science

The Unfinished Global Revolution

The Road to International Cooperation

Author: Mark Malloch-brown

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101475811

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 2395

An incomparable public servant and internationalist offers a new vision for international cooperation. In The Unfinished Global Revolution, former United Nations deputy secretary general Mark Malloch- Brown diagnoses the central global predicament of the twenty-first century-as we have become more integrated, we have also become less governed. National governments are no longer equipped to address complex global issues, from climate change to poverty, and international organizations have not yet been empowered to step into the breach. In this book, Malloch- Brown wrenches the discussion away from terrorism, nationalism, and Iraq and calls for a new global politics-a bigger league, with greater opportunity for all. Beneath a spotlight rarely reserved for public servants, Malloch-Brown has been at the center of recent world events: at the World Bank, when it was under siege from activists; and at the UN, where he fought off conservative critics who first attacked its role in development and then turned on Kofi Annan after the Iraq war. In The Unfinished Global Revolution, he draws on his experiences at the front lines of international development over the past several decades-from Cambodia to Darfur, and from Washington to UN headquarters-in order to provide a personal, on-the-ground view of seemingly abstract challenges. The Unfinished Global Revolution chronicles how over the past few decades domestic problems- from unemployment to environmental distress- increasingly have international roots. As national politicians lose control to impersonal global forces, they will be forced to become more effective participants in international mechanisms, such as the United Nations, that may offer the only viable solutions. Increasingly, ad hoc arrangements among NGOs, civil society, and the private sector are filling in the gap created by the failures of individual governments. In the wake of the worldwide economic crisis of 2008, many have been forced to acknowledge that a global economy needs global institutions to govern it. What is true for finance, Malloch- Brown argues, is surely true for public health, poverty, or climate change. In The Unfinished Global Revolution, he calls for us to embrace more powerful international institutions and the values needed to underpin a truly globalist agenda-the rule of law, human rights, and opportunity for all.
Posted in Political Science

When Religion Becomes Lethal

The Explosive Mix of Politics and Religion in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

Author: Charles Kimball

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118030561

Category: Religion

Page: 272

View: 3291

A compelling look at today's complex relationship between religion and politics In his second book, bestselling author Charles Kimball addresses the urgent global problem of the interplay between fundamentalist Abrahamic religions and politics and moves beyond warning signs (the subject of his first book) to the dangerous and lethal outcomes that their interaction can produce. Drawing on his extensive personal and professional knowledge of, experience with and access to all three traditions, Kimball's explanation of the multiple ways religion and politics interconnect within Judaism, Christianity, and Islam will illuminate the problems and give readers a hopeful vision for how to chart a safer course into a precarious future. Kimball is the author of When Religion Becomes Evil, one of the most acclaimed post 9/11 books on terrorism and religion Reveals why religion so often leads to deadly results The author has scholarly knowledge and expertise and extensive personal experience with the peoples, cultures, and leaders involved Readable and engaging, this book gives a clear picture of today's complex political and religious reality and offers hope for the future.
Posted in Religion

Just and Unjust Peace

An Ethic of Political Reconciliation

Author: Daniel Philpott

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190248351

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 3748

In the wake of massive injustice, how can justice be achieved and peace restored? Is it possible to find a universal standard that will work for people of diverse and often conflicting religious, cultural, and philosophical backgrounds?
Posted in Political Science

How to Run the World

Charting a Course to the Next Renaissance

Author: Parag Khanna

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 0679604286

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 8428

Here is a stunning and provocative guide to the future of international relations—a system for managing global problems beyond the stalemates of business versus government, East versus West, rich versus poor, democracy versus authoritarianism, free markets versus state capitalism. Written by the most esteemed and innovative adventurer-scholar of his generation, Parag Khanna’s How to Run the World posits a chaotic modern era that resembles the Middle Ages, with Asian empires, Western militaries, Middle Eastern sheikhdoms, magnetic city-states, wealthy multinational corporations, elite clans, religious zealots, tribal hordes, and potent media seething in an ever more unpredictable and dangerous storm. But just as that initial “dark age” ended with the Renaissance, Khanna believes that our time can become a great and enlightened age as well—only, though, if we harness our technology and connectedness to forge new networks among governments, businesses, and civic interest groups to tackle the crises of today and avert those of tomorrow. With his trademark energy, intellect, and wit, Khanna reveals how a new “mega-diplomacy” consisting of coalitions among motivated technocrats, influential executives, super-philanthropists, cause-mopolitan activists, and everyday churchgoers can assemble the talent, pool the money, and deploy the resources to make the global economy fairer, rebuild failed states, combat terrorism, promote good governance, deliver food, water, health care, and education to those in need, and prevent environmental collapse. With examples taken from the smartest capital cities, most progressive boardrooms, and frontline NGOs, Khanna shows how mega-diplomacy is more than an ad hoc approach to running a world where no one is in charge—it is the playbook for creating a stable and self-correcting world for future generations. How to Run the World is the cutting-edge manifesto for diplomacy in a borderless world. From the Hardcover edition.
Posted in Political Science

Political Demography

How Population Changes Are Reshaping International Security and National Politics

Author: Jack A. Goldstone,Eric P. Kaufmann,Monica Duffy Toft

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199945969

Category: Political Science

Page: 342

View: 9425

The field of political demography - the politics of population change - is dramatically underrepresented in political science. At a time when demographic changes - aging in the rich world, youth bulges in the developing world, ethnic and religious shifts, migration, and urbanization - are waxing as never before, this neglect is especially glaring and starkly contrasts with the enormous interest coming from policymakers and the media. "Ten years ago, [demography] was hardly on the radar screen," remarks Richard Jackson and Neil Howe of the Center for Strategic and International Studies, two contributors to this volume. "Today," they continue, "it dominates almost any discussion of America's long-term fiscal, economic, or foreign-policy direction." Demography is the most predictable of the social sciences: children born in the last five years will be the new workers, voters, soldiers, and potential insurgents of 2025 and the political elites of the 2050s. Whether in the West or the developing world, political scientists urgently need to understand the tectonics of demography in order to grasp the full context of today's political developments. This book begins to fill the gap from a global and historical perspective and with the hope that scholars and policymakers will take its insights on board to develop enlightened policies for our collective future.
Posted in Political Science

Religion, Politics, Society, and the State

Author: Jonathan Fox

Publisher: Paradigm Pub

ISBN: 9781594519215

Category: Political Science

Page: 235

View: 9947

This book focuses on the role of religion in politics. Unlike most books on this topic which tend to have a narrower focus - for example looking at religion and politics in a single country or religion's influence on conflict - this book takes a wider perspective.Firstly it emphasises that religion interacts with politics on multiple levels - from the state to public institutions and wider society. Secondly this volume covers multiple countries in major world regions. The chapters cover the United States, Israel, Turkey, North Africa, and Western Europe, and two chapters include information from the entire world.Although this book will be of interest to scholars, its wide coverage of different topics, relevant theories, and different world regions also makes it excellent as a textbook for a survey course on religion and politics. All of the contributors have published extensively in prominent refereed journals on the topic of religion and politics, giving it an authoritative voice and adding to its desirability as a textbook written by recognised experts.
Posted in Political Science

Good and Bad Ways to Think about Religion and Politics

Author: Robert Benne

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 0802863647

Category: Religion

Page: 120

View: 5184

Encouragees church bodies and individual believers to step beyond noisy rhetoric, offering practical help in identifying core Christian beliefs, deciding which can and should influence public policy, and translating those beliefs into political action.
Posted in Religion

Taming the Gods

Religion and Democracy on Three Continents

Author: Ian Buruma

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400834204

Category: Political Science

Page: 144

View: 4800

For eight years the president of the United States was a born-again Christian, backed by well-organized evangelicals who often seemed intent on erasing the church-state divide. In Europe, the increasing number of radicalized Muslims is creating widespread fear that Islam is undermining Western-style liberal democracy. And even in polytheistic Asia, the development of democracy has been hindered in some countries, particularly China, by a long history in which religion was tightly linked to the state. Ian Buruma is the first writer to provide a sharp-eyed look at the tensions between religion and politics on three continents. Drawing on many contemporary and historical examples, he argues that the violent passions inspired by religion must be tamed in order to make democracy work. Comparing the United States and Europe, Buruma asks why so many Americans--and so few Europeans--see religion as a help to democracy. Turning to China and Japan, he disputes the notion that only monotheistic religions pose problems for secular politics. Finally, he reconsiders the story of radical Islam in contemporary Europe, from the case of Salman Rushdie to the murder of Theo van Gogh. Sparing no one, Buruma exposes the follies of the current culture war between defenders of "Western values" and "multiculturalists," and explains that the creation of a democratic European Islam is not only possible, but necessary. Presenting a challenge to dogmatic believers and dogmatic secularists alike, Taming the Gods powerfully argues that religion and democracy can be compatible--but only if religious and secular authorities are kept firmly apart.
Posted in Political Science

A World Survey of Religion and the State

Author: Jonathan Fox

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139472593

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 3548

This book delves into the extent of government involvement in religion between 1990 and 2002 using both quantitative and qualitative methodology. The study is based on the Religion and State dataset, which includes 175 governments across the globe, all of which are addressed individually in this book. The forms of involvement examined in this study include whether the government has an official religion, whether some religions are given preferential treatment, religious discrimination against minority religion, government regulation of the majority religion, and religious legislation. The study shows that government involvement in religion is ubiquitous, that it increased significantly during this period, and that only a minority of states, including a minority of democracies, have separation of religion and state. These findings contradict the predictions of religion's reduced public significance found in modernization and secularization theory. The findings also demonstrate that state religious monopolies are linked to reduced religious participation.
Posted in Social Science

Peace on Earth

The Role of Religion in Peace and Conflict Studies

Author: Thomas Matyók,Maureen Flaherty,Hamdesa Tuso,Jessica Senehi,Sean Byrne

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739176293

Category: Religion

Page: 500

View: 2266

Peace on Earth: The Role of Religion in Peace and Conflict Studies provides a critical analysis of faith and religious institutions in peacebuilding practice and pedagogy. The work captures the synergistic relationships among faith traditions and how multiple approaches to conflict transformation and peacebuilding result in a creative process that has the potential to achieve a more detailed view of peace on earth, containing breadth as well as depth.
Posted in Religion

Political Secularism, Religion, and the State

A Time Series Analysis of Worldwide Data

Author: Jonathan Fox

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316299686

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 3234

This book examines 111 types of state religion policy in 177 countries between 1990 and 2008. Jonathan Fox argues that policy is largely a result of the competition between political secular actors and religious actors, both of which try to influence state religion policy. While there are other factors that influence state religion policy and both the secular and religious camps are divided, Fox offers that the secular-religious competition perspective provides critical insight into the nature of religious politics across the globe. While many states have both increased and decreased their involvement in religion, Fox demonstrates that states which have become more involved in religion are far more common.
Posted in Social Science

Under Caesar's Sword

How Christians Respond to Persecution

Author: Daniel Philpott,Timothy Samuel Shah

Publisher: Law and Christianity

ISBN: 1108425305

Category: Law

Page: 534

View: 6708

The first systematic global study of how Christians respond to persecution, presenting new research by leading scholars of global Christianity.
Posted in Law

God on Our Side

Religion in International Affairs

Author: Shireen T. Hunter

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442272597

Category: Political Science

Page: 274

View: 6730

This timely book offers an accessible introduction to religion in international affairs. Shireen T. Hunter highlights the growing importance of religion in politics and analyzes its nature, role, and significance. She places the question of religion’s impact on global affairs in the broader context of state and nonstate actors, weighing the factors that most affect their actions. Through the lens of three compelling and distinctive case studies—Russia’s response to the Yugoslav crisis, Turkey’s reaction to the Bosnian war, and Europe’s policy toward Turkish membership in the EU—Hunter demonstrates that religion increasingly shapes international affairs in significant and diverse ways. Her book is essential reading for anyone needing a better understanding of why and, more important, how, religion influences the behavior of international actors and thus the character of world politics.
Posted in Political Science

Religion in Global Politics

Author: Jeff Haynes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317886666

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 4484

One of the most resilient ideas about societal development after World War II was that nations would inevitably secularise as they modernised. However, as we come to the end of the 'secular' twentieth century, it is obvious that religion continues to be an important factor in politics around the world. The author examines the continuing importance of religion, focusing upon the regions of Europe, the Americas, Africa, and Asia.
Posted in Political Science

The Global Resurgence of Religion and the Transformation of International Relations

The Struggle for the Soul of the Twenty-First Century

Author: S. Thomas

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1403973997

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 7378

This book is about the global resurgence of culture and religion in international relations, and how these social changes are transforming our understanding of International Relation theory, and the key policy-related issue areas in world politics. It is evident in the on-going debates over the 'root causes' of 9/11 that there are many scholars, journalists and members of the public who still believe culture and religion can be explained away by appeals to more 'basic' economic, social or political forces in society. Therefore The Global Resurgence of Religion and the Transformation of International Relations presents an argument for taking culture - and particularly religion - as social forces that are important for understanding world politics in the post-Westphalian era.
Posted in Social Science