Glaciers

The Politics of Ice

Author: Jorge Daniel Taillant

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199367256

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 6864

Though not traditionally thought of as key natural resource, glaciers are a crucial part of both our global ecosystem and the sustaining of life around the world. Comprising three quarters of the world's fresh water, they freeze in the winter and melt in the summer, supplying water that is plentiful enough for agriculture and clean enough to drink. Without them, many of the planet's rivers would run dry shortly after the winter snow-melt. In fact, a single mid-sized glacier in regions like California, Argentina, India, Kyrgyzstan, or Chile can provide an entire community with drinking water for generations. On the other hand, when global temperatures rise not only does glacier ice wither away into the oceans, but these massive ice bodies can become unstable and cause severe natural events like glacier tsunamis. But glaciers often exist well outside our environmental consciousness, and they are mostly unprotected from atmospheric impacts from transportation emissions, or from industrial threats such as the mining industry, which seeks the precious metals that lie beneath them. Glaciers: The Politics of Ice is a scientific, cultural, and political examination of the cryosphere -- the earth's ice -- and the environmental policies that aim to protect it. Jorge Daniel Taillant discusses the debates and negotiations behind the passing of the world's first glacier-protection law in the mid-2000s, and reveals the tension between the industry experts, politicians, and glacier conservationists. The book provides the basic environmental science behind glaciers, outlines current and future risks to their preservation, and reveals the intriguing politics behind the debate over glacier policies and laws. Taillant also makes suggestions on what can be done to preserve these crucial sources of fresh water, from both a scientific and policymaking standpoint. Glaciers is a new window into one of the earth's most crucial natural resources, and a call to reawaken our interest in the world's changing climate.
Posted in Science

EisTau

Roman

Author: Ilija Trojanow

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446238352

Category: Fiction

Page: 176

View: 1300

Ein Mann, der die Gletscher so sehr liebt, dass er an ihrem Sterben verzweifelt: Zeno hat sein Leben als Glaziologe einem Alpengletscher gewidmet. Als das Sterben seines Gletschers nicht mehr aufzuhalten ist, heuert er auf einem Kreuzfahrtschiff an, um Touristen die Wunder der Antarktis zu erklären. Doch auf seiner Reise verzweifelt er an der Ignoranz der Urlauber, der mangelnden Achtung vor der fremden Welt und der fortschreitenden Schmelze des Eises. Ilija Trojanows neuer Roman erzählt mit gewaltiger Wortkunst vom Drama eines jungen Mannes, von der Verletzlichkeit der Natur und des Klimas und von ihrer absoluten Schönheit. „EisTau“ ist ein aufrüttelnder Gesang auf das, was unsere Welt ausmacht und sie zerstört.
Posted in Fiction

Die Bienen

Roman

Author: Laline Paull

Publisher: Tropen

ISBN: 3608107304

Category: Fiction

Page: 350

View: 1948

Flora 717 ist eine Säuberungsbiene aus der untersten Kaste im Bienenkorb. Ausgestattet mit Fähigkeiten, die ihren Rang weit überschreiten, steigt sie schnell auf und darf sogar an der Seite der Königin leben. Alles scheint perfekt. Doch ohne es zu wollen, gebiert Flora eines Tages ein Ei. Ein Umstand, der allein der Königin vorbehalten ist und bei Missachtung schwer bestraft wird. Es beginnt ein Wettlauf um Zeit, Nahrung und Geschicklichkeit, um ihr Leben und das ihres geliebten Kindes zu bewahren. Laline Paull inszeniert gekonnt einen Roman über Aufstieg, Liebe und Gerechtigkeit.
Posted in Fiction

Welt in Angst

Roman

Author: Michael Crichton

Publisher: Karl Blessing Verlag

ISBN: 3641135346

Category: Fiction

Page: N.A

View: 9831

Der Millionär und Lebemann George Morton kommt einer unglaublichen Verschwörung auf die Spur. Die Umweltorganisation NERF, die er mit großzügigen Spenden unterstützt, macht gemeinsame Sache mit skrupellosen Ökoterroristen. Ihr neuester Plan: Durch ein künstlich ausgelöstes Seebeben wollen sie ganz Kalifornien überfluten, um die Aufmerksamkeit der Welt auf die von NERF organisierte Klimakonferenz zu lenken. Morton setzt alles daran, diesem Wahnsinn ein Ende zu bereiten, doch die Terroristen sind ihm immer einen Schritt voraus ...
Posted in Fiction

The Science and Politics of Global Climate Change

A Guide to the Debate

Author: Andrew E. Dessler,Edward A. Parson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521831703

Category: Science

Page: 190

View: 6143

An introduction to the climate-change debate for non-specialists.
Posted in Science

Media and the Politics of Arctic Climate Change

When the Ice Breaks

Author: Miyase Christensen,Annika E. Nilsson,N. Wormbs

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137266236

Category: Social Science

Page: 182

View: 2367

Combining multidisciplinary perspectives and new research, this volume goes beyond broad discussions of the impacts of climate change and reflects on the current and historical mediations and narratives that are part of creating this new social and scientific reality.
Posted in Social Science

Das terrestrische Manifest

Author: Bruno Latour

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518758047

Category: Political Science

Page: 150

View: 5568

Eine Serie politischer Unwetter hat die Welt durcheinandergebracht. Die Instrumente, mit denen wir uns früher orientierten, funktionieren nicht mehr. Verstanden wir Politik lange als einen Zeitstrahl, der von einer lokalen Vergangenheit in eine globale Zukunft führen würde, realisieren wir nun, dass der Globus für unsere Globalisierungspläne zu klein ist. Der Weg in eine behütetere Vergangenheit erweist sich ebenfalls als Fiktion. Wir hängen in der Luft, der jähe Absturz droht. In dieser brisanten Situation gilt es zuallererst, wieder festen Boden unter den Füßen zu gewinnen und sich dann neu zu orientieren. Bruno Latour unternimmt den Versuch, die Landschaft des Politischen neu zu vermessen und unsere politischen Leidenschaften auf neue Gegenstände auszurichten. Jenseits überkommener Unterscheidungen wie links und rechts, fortschrittlich und reaktionär plädiert er für eine radikal materialistische Politik, die nicht nur den Produktionsprozess einbezieht, sondern auch die ökologischen Bedingungen unserer Existenz.
Posted in Political Science

The Politics of Arctic Sovereignty

Oil, Ice, and Inuit Governance

Author: Jessica M. Shadian

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317915615

Category: Political Science

Page: 252

View: 3564

Interest in Arctic politics is on the rise. While recent accounts of the topic place much emphasis on climate change or a new geopolitics of the region, the history of the Inuit Circumpolar Council (ICC) and Arctic politics reaches back much further in time. Drawing out the complex relationship between domestic, Arctic, international and transnational Inuit politics, this book is the first in-depth account of the political history of the ICC. It recognises the politics of Inuit and the Arctic as longstanding and intricate elements of international relations. Beginning with European exploration of the region and concluding with recent debates over ownership of the Arctic, the book unfolds the history of a polity that has overcome colonization and attempted assimilation to emerge as a political actor which has influenced both Artic and global governance. This book will be of strong interest to students and scholars of Arctic politics, indigenous affairs, IR theory and environmental politics.
Posted in Political Science

Carbon Politics and the Failure of the Kyoto Protocol

Author: Gerald Kutney

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317914651

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 5154

Carbon Politics and the Failure of Kyoto charts the framework and political evolution of the Kyoto Protocol negotiations and examines the ensuing failure of the international community to adequately address climate change. The focus is not on the science or consequences of climate change but on the political gamesmanship of the major players throughout the UNFCCC negotiation process. More than an updated history of the subject matter, this book provides a detailed study of the carbon targets which became the biggest influencing factor on the reaction of nations to Kyoto’s binding agreements. The book provides an in-depth analysis of the leading nations’ motives, including the US, China and Germany, in entering the negotiations, in particular, their economic interests. Despite the effort to combat climate change in politics that the negotiations represent, the book concludes that an agreement which requires almost 200 very different nations to agree on a single protocol is doomed to failure. The book offers a novel contribution to our understanding of this failure and suggests alternative frameworks and policies to tackle what is arguably the most complex political issue of our time.
Posted in Political Science

The Wilsonian Century

U.S. Foreign Policy Since 1900

Author: Frank Ninkovich

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226581361

Category: History

Page: 330

View: 4205

For most of this century, American foreign policy was guided by a set of assumptions that were formulated during World War I by President Woodrow Wilson. In this incisive reexamination, Frank Ninkovich argues that the Wilsonian outlook, far from being a crusading, idealistic doctrine, was reactive, practical, and grounded in fear. Wilson and his successors believed it absolutely essential to guard against world war or global domination, with the underlying aim of safeguarding and nurturing political harmony and commercial cooperation among the great powers. As the world entered a period of unprecedented turbulence, Wilsonianism became a "crisis internationalism" dedicated to preserving the benign vision of "normal internationalism" with which the United States entered the twentieth century. In the process of describing Wilson's legacy, Ninkovich reinterprets most of the twentieth century's main foreign policy developments. He views the 1920s, for example, not as an isolationist period but as a reversion to Taft's Dollar Diplomacy. The Cold War, with its faraway military interventions, illustrates Wilsonian America's preoccupation with achieving a cohesive world opinion and its abandonment of traditional, regional conceptions of national interest. The Wilsonian Century offers a striking alternative to traditional interest-based interpretations of U.S. foreign policy. In revising the usual view of Wilson's contribution, Ninkovich shows the extraordinary degree to which Wilsonian ideas guided American policy through a century of conflict and tension. "[A] succinct but sweeping survey of American foreign relations from Theodore Roosevelt to Bill Clinton. . . . [A] thought-provoking book."—Richard V. Damms, History "[W]orthy of sharing shelf space with George F. Kennan, William Appleman Williams, and other major foreign policy theorists."—Library Journal
Posted in History

The challenge of sustainability

Linking politics, education and learning

Author: Atkinson, Hugh,Wade, Ros

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 144732353X

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 8530

This timely and accessible book explores the links between politics, learning and sustainability. Its central focus is the future of people and the planet itself. The challenges that we face in combatting climate change and building a more sustainable world are complex and the book argues that if we are to successfully meet these challenges we need a fundamental change in the way we do politics and economics, embedding a lifelong commitment to sustainability in all learning. We have no option but to make things work for the better. After all, planet earth is the only home we have! The book will be important reading for academics and students in a variety of related subjects, including politics, public policy, education, sustainable development, geography, media, international relations and development studies. It will also be a valuable resource for NGOs and policy makers.
Posted in Political Science

Spatial Politics

Essays For Doreen Massey

Author: David Featherstone,Joe Painter

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118278836

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 8540

This critical engagement with Doreen Massey’sground-breaking work in geographic theory and its relationship topolitics features specially commissioned essays from formerstudents and colleagues, as well as the artists, political figuresand activists whose thinking she has helped to shape. It seeks tomark and take forward her compelling contributions to geographicaltheorizing and political debate. High profile contributors include Lawrence Grossberg, ChantalMouffe, Jamie Peck and Jane Wills The global reach and significance of Massey’s workrecommends this volume to a diverse readership Provides an agenda for work on spatial politics and criticalgeography Sets out the contours of a human geography informed by DoreenMassey’s work
Posted in Social Science

The New Politics of Strategic Resources

Energy and Food Security Challenges in the 21st Century

Author: David Steven,Emily O'Brien,Bruce D. Jones

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815725345

Category: Political Science

Page: 365

View: 9408

Since 2008, energy and food markets—those most fundamental to human existence—have remained in turmoil. Resource scarcity has had a much bigger global impact in recent years than has been predicted, with ongoing volatility a sign that the world is only part-way through navigating a treacherous transition in the way it uses resources. Scarcity, and perceptions of scarcity, increase political risks, while geopolitical turmoil exacerbates shortages and complicates the search for solutions. The New Politics of Strategic Resources examines the political dimensions of strategic resource challenges at the domestic and international levels. For better or worse, energy and food markets are shaped by perceptions of national interest and do not behave as traditional market goods. So while markets are an essential part of any response to tighter resource supplies, governments also will play a key role. David Steven, Emily O'Brien, Bruce Jones, and their colleagues discuss what those roles are and what they should be. The architecture for coordinating multilateral responses to these dynamics has fallen short, raising questions about the effective international management of these issues. Politics impede here too, as the major powers must negotiate political and security trade-offs to cooperate on the design of more robust international regimes and mechanisms for resource security and the provision of global public goods. This timely volume includes chapters on major powers (United States, India, China) and key suppliers (Russia, Saudi Arabia). The contributors also address thematic topics, such as the interaction between oil and state fragility; the changing political dynamics of climate change; and the politics of resource subsidies.
Posted in Political Science

Fools Rule

Inside the Failed Politics of Climate Change

Author: William Marsden

Publisher: Knopf Canada

ISBN: 0307366731

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 5694

This eloquent, rage-inciting polemic about the global failure to deal with climate change will appeal to readers of Tim Flannery, George Monbiot and Bill McKibben - and anyone concerned with the economic and environmental future of our planet. Kyoto, 1997. Montreal, 2005. Copenhagen, 2009. Cancun, 2010. In Fools Rule, Marsden illustrates how inefficient and short-sighted political negotiations have become despite mounting scientific evidence that immediate action is essential to curb the effects of climate change. International climate change summits are now widely monitored events, attended by state leaders and crowded with journalists; yet somehow they have never been less productive. Treaties and action plans are smothered by economic self-interest, diplomatic errors and every nation's hungry scramble for its share of the remaining atmospheric space. Marsden takes us from inside the bungled negotiations at Copenhagen to the melting glaciers and untapped oil reserves of the Arctic; he shows us the paralyzing effect oil and gas companies have on green legal initiatives in the United States, and therefore on any international climate change treaty; and, with wit and penetrating insight, he asks the toughest question - will we be able to change before it's too late? From the Hardcover edition.
Posted in Political Science

Mit der Endurance ins ewige Eis

Meine Antarktisexpedition 1914–1917

Author: Ernest Shackleton

Publisher: Piper ebooks

ISBN: 3492972721

Category: Travel

Page: 288

View: 2437

Eine der berühmtesten Expeditionen ins Eismeer: Im Sommer 1914 stechen Sir Ernest Shackleton und seine Crew an Bord der »Endurance« in See. Das Ziel der Briten: den antarktischen Kontinent mit Hundeschlitten zu durchqueren. Doch bald schon steckt das Schiff im Packeis fest und zerbirst. Monatelang treibt die Besatzung auf einer Eisscholle durch die weiße Hölle, halb verhungert und erfroren. Shackleton ist entschlossen, seine Mannschaft lebendig nach Hause zu bringen. Und so bricht er auf, in einem winzigen Beiboot, mit fünf seiner Männer, um Hilfe zu holen. Es wird ein erbarmungsloser Wettlauf gegen den Tod.
Posted in Travel

In the Shadow of Melting Glaciers

Climate Change and Andean Society

Author: Mark Carey

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199779848

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 7588

Climate change is producing profound changes globally. Yet we still know little about how it affects real people in real places on a daily basis because most of our knowledge comes from scientific studies that try to estimate impacts and project future climate scenarios. This book is different, illustrating in vivid detail how people in the Andes have grappled with the effects of climate change and ensuing natural disasters for more than half a century. In Peru's Cordillera Blanca mountain range, global climate change has generated the world's most deadly glacial lake outburst floods and glacier avalanches, killing 25,000 people since 1941. As survivors grieved, they formed community organizations to learn about precarious glacial lakes while they sent priests to the mountains, hoping that God could calm the increasingly hostile landscape. Meanwhile, Peruvian engineers working with miniscule budgets invented innovative strategies to drain dozens of the most unstable lakes that continue forming in the twenty first century. But adaptation to global climate change was never simply about engineering the Andes to eliminate environmental hazards. Local urban and rural populations, engineers, hydroelectric developers, irrigators, mountaineers, and policymakers all perceived and responded to glacier melting differently-based on their own view of an ideal Andean world. Disaster prevention projects involved debates about economic development, state authority, race relations, class divisions, cultural values, the evolution of science and technology, and shifting views of nature. Over time, the influx of new groups to manage the Andes helped transform glaciated mountains into commodities to consume. Locals lost power in the process and today comprise just one among many stakeholders in the high Andes-and perhaps the least powerful. Climate change transformed a region, triggering catastrophes while simultaneously jumpstarting modernization processes. This book's historical perspective illuminates these trends that would be ignored in any scientific projections about future climate scenarios.
Posted in History

Erde im Aufruhr

Author: Immanuel Velikovsky

Publisher: Julia White Publishing

ISBN: 3934402801

Category:

Page: 314

View: 2716

Posted in

Internationale Organisationen

Author: Volker Rittberger,Bernhard Zangl,Andreas Kruck

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 353119514X

Category: Social Science

Page: 279

View: 9585

Internationale Organisationen mit globaler oder regionaler Reichweite (z.B. UN, IWF, Weltbank, WTO, EU) spielen eine zunehmend wichtige Rolle bei der Schaffung und Implementierung von internationalen Normen und Regeln, mithin bei Global Governance. Die Sicherheit, das ökonomische Wohlergehen, der Schutz der Menschenrechte und die ökologischen Lebensbedingungen von Menschen weltweit werden von der Fähigkeit bzw. Unfähigkeit internationaler Organisationen, Kooperation und Regieren jenseits des Nationalstaates möglich zu machen und zu stabilisieren, beeinflusst. Das Lehrbuch will die Leserin bzw. den Leser daher theoretisch informiert und empirisch fundiert mit den Entstehungsbedingungen, der Entwicklung, Funktionsweise und den Tätigkeiten internationaler Organisationen vertraut machen. Es führt in die wichtigsten Theorien über internationale Organisationen ein und bietet einen historischen Überblick über internationale Organisationen in verschiedenen Politikfeldern. Das Lehrbuch analysiert ferner die Akteure, Strukturen und Prozesse, die die Entscheidungsfindung in internationalen Organisationen prägen. Schließlich werden die Tätigkeiten eines breiten Spektrums internationaler Organisationen und deren Beitrag zur kooperativen Bearbeitung grenzüberschreitender Probleme in den Sachbereichen „Sicherheit“, „Wirtschaft“, „Umwelt“ und „Menschenrechte“ untersucht.
Posted in Social Science