Germany's New Security Demographics

Military Recruitment in the Era of Population Aging

Author: Wenke Apt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400769644

Category: Social Science

Page: 217

View: 7580

Military recruitment will become more difficult in times of demographic aging. The question arises whether demographic change will constrain the capacity of aging states like Germany to conduct foreign policy and pursue their national security interests. Since contemporary military operations still display a strong human element, particular scrutiny is given to the empirical analysis of the determinants of military propensity and military service among youth. An additional human capital projection until 2030 illustrates how the decline in the youth population will interact with trends in educational attainment and adolescent health to further complicate military recruitment in the future. A concluding review of recruiting practices in other NATO countries provides insight in best-practice policy options to reduce the military’s sensitivity to demographic change. Following this approach, the book gives prominence to a topic that has thus far been under-represented in the greater discussion of demographic change today, namely the demographic impact on international affairs and strategic calculations.
Posted in Social Science

Handbuch Sicherheitsgefahren

Author: Thomas Jäger

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658027533

Category: Political Science

Page: 537

View: 6752

Die potenziellen Sicherheitsgefahren für Staaten und deren Bürgerinnen und Bürger erstrecken sich über ein weites Gebiet: Sie reichen von Staatszerfall und asymmetrischen Kriegen über Ernährungssicherung bis hin zu Ressourcenkonflikten, Organisierter Kriminalität und Lebensmittelsicherheit. Dieses Handbuch trägt die verschiedenen Arten von Sicherheitsgefahren systematisch zusammen, bündelt die unterschiedlichen Diskussionsstränge zum Thema und unterbaut diese theoretisch sowie empirisch.
Posted in Political Science

Handbuch Militärische Berufsethik

Band 2: Anwendungsfelder

Author: Thomas Bohrmann,Karl-Heinz Lather,Friedrich Lohmann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658063424

Category: Political Science

Page: 428

View: 480

Im Fokus des zweiten Bandes steht die ethisch relevante Praxis: in sicherheitspolitischen Entscheidungen, im militärischen Alltag, insbesondere aber auch im Kampfeinsatz. Woraus beziehen Soldaten in der konkreten Situation ihre Handlungsmotivation? Über welche Kompetenzen müssen Soldaten im 21. Jahrhundert verfügen und wie steht es um die Verantwortung der Politik für die Einsatzarmee? Die Autorinnen und Autoren dieses Bandes gewähren authentische und praxisorientierte Einblicke in die Mehrdimensionalität des Soldatenberufs und seiner ethischen Implikationen.
Posted in Political Science

Sonderfall Bundeswehr?

Streitkräfte in nationalen Perspektiven und im internationalen Vergleich

Author: Heiner Möllers,Rudolf J. Schlaffer

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110377713

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 7616

Die Bundeswehr besteht nun seit bald 60 Jahren und damit länger als jede andere deutsche Armee zuvor. Sie ist entstanden nach der allgemeinen Zäsur 1945. Dabei ergaben sich Kontinuitäten, aber auch grundlegende Veränderungen zu vorherigen deutschen Streitkräften. Diese Anpassungen und Wandlungen werden im internationalen Vergleich analysiert.
Posted in History

The New Germany and Migration in Europe

Author: Barbara Marshall

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719043369

Category: Political Science

Page: 186

View: 2818

Includes statistics.
Posted in Political Science

Germany's Security

Cyber Crime and Cyber War

Author: Arne Schönbohm

Publisher: MV-Verlag

ISBN: 3869915412

Category: Computer crimes

Page: 118

View: 8835

-In his current book Arne Schonbohm is focusing on a new kind of threat that not only private individuals and companies are exposed to but also states. The risk of even leading war in cyberspace creates a need to rethink it in politics. Presenting an overall survey on background, competence and trends the book includes proposals for options of action. Being an exploratory and readable work, it captures all aspects of the subject matter and offers important impulses for handling the new challenge. Talking about Cybercrime and Cyber war this book should be the basis.- Dr. Karl Lamers Member of German Federal Parliament"
Posted in Computer crimes

International Security in the 21st Century

Germany’s International Responsibility

Author: James D. Bindenagel,Matthias Herdegen,Karl Kaiser

Publisher: V&R unipress GmbH

ISBN: 3847107623

Category: Security, International

Page: 263

View: 6658

Currently, scholars and political leaders are facing various global challenges: failing states, conflicts over distribution, terrorism and the refugee crisis represent only some of them. In this book, acclaimed experts from Germany and abroad offer a panorama of the international security threats of the 21st century. With a particular focus on the role of Germany, these experts present strategic approaches through which these challenges can be tackled in the most effective and sensible way, thus providing new impulses for the security policy debate in Germany.
Posted in Security, International

Demographic Change in Germany

The Economic and Fiscal Consequences

Author: Ingrid Hamm,Helmut Seitz,Martin Werding

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 354068137X

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 3196

This book provides an up-to-date summary of the consequences of demographic aging for labor markets, financial markets, economic growth, social security schemes and public finances in Germany, essentially reflecting the present state of knowledge in any of these areas. All contributions are written by leading experts in their fields and are based on results that emerge at the forefront of current research.
Posted in Political Science

The Berlin Republic

German Unification and A Decade of Changes

Author: Winand Gellner,John D. Robertson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135761477

Category: Political Science

Page: 262

View: 6362

Since German unification in October, 1990, arguments have raged as to whether the integration process of the former East Germany into the western system has been a success. These essays offer fresh insight and perspectives explaining the effects of unification on Germany and the EU as a whole.
Posted in Political Science

Political Demography, Demographic Engineering

Author: Myron Weiner,Michael S. Teitelbaum

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781571812537

Category: Political Science

Page: 148

View: 5389

"Over the past decade, the impacts of demographic trends on international security and on peaceful relations between and within states have come to the fore in ways not seen since the aftermath of World War II. An evolving and more complex set of changes in the size, distribution, and composition of populations has become the basis for a new look at the security effects of changes in the size, distribution, and composition of populations. This book is an attempt to lay out the new look, to take issue with some of the prevailing views on the political consequences of population change and to suggest where the concerns are realistic and where they are not." (From the Preface) This book not only offers a magisterial analysis of the political effects of the dramatic population changes that are taking place in countries all around the world, it also represents the testimony of one of the most distinguished scholars in the field of migration and population studies. Myron Weiner, former Professor of Political Science at MIT and Chair of the External Research Advisory Committee of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Michael S. Teitelbaum, a demographer, is Program Director at the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation in New York.
Posted in Political Science

Germany

A Country Study

Author: Eric Solsten

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9780788181795

Category:

Page: 642

View: 512

Reviews Germany's history, and treats in a concise and objective manner its dominant social, political, economic, and military aspects. Sections, written by experts, include: chronology of important events; early history to 1945; history 1945-1990; the society and its environment; social welfare, health care, and educ.; the domestic economy; international economic relations; government and politics; foreign relations; national security; military tradition; strategic concerns and military missions; the armed forces; defense budget; and such military issues as uniforms, ranks, and insignia, defense production and export, foreign military relations, and internal security.
Posted in

The Mediterranean Dimension of the European Union's Internal Security

Author: S. Wolff

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230369421

Category: Political Science

Page: 273

View: 6739

EU internal security concerns such as migration, police and judicial cooperation are today part of EU foreign policy. This book shows how those concerns dominate the EU agenda towards Mediterranean countries. Adopting a rational-choice institutionalist approach, it explores EU policy and the strategic choices made after the 2011 Arab revolts.
Posted in Political Science

The New Politics of Strategic Resources

Energy and Food Security Challenges in the 21st Century

Author: David Steven,Emily O'Brien,Bruce D. Jones

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815725345

Category: Political Science

Page: 365

View: 7762

Since 2008, energy and food markets—those most fundamental to human existence—have remained in turmoil. Resource scarcity has had a much bigger global impact in recent years than has been predicted, with ongoing volatility a sign that the world is only part-way through navigating a treacherous transition in the way it uses resources. Scarcity, and perceptions of scarcity, increase political risks, while geopolitical turmoil exacerbates shortages and complicates the search for solutions. The New Politics of Strategic Resources examines the political dimensions of strategic resource challenges at the domestic and international levels. For better or worse, energy and food markets are shaped by perceptions of national interest and do not behave as traditional market goods. So while markets are an essential part of any response to tighter resource supplies, governments also will play a key role. David Steven, Emily O'Brien, Bruce Jones, and their colleagues discuss what those roles are and what they should be. The architecture for coordinating multilateral responses to these dynamics has fallen short, raising questions about the effective international management of these issues. Politics impede here too, as the major powers must negotiate political and security trade-offs to cooperate on the design of more robust international regimes and mechanisms for resource security and the provision of global public goods. This timely volume includes chapters on major powers (United States, India, China) and key suppliers (Russia, Saudi Arabia). The contributors also address thematic topics, such as the interaction between oil and state fragility; the changing political dynamics of climate change; and the politics of resource subsidies.
Posted in Political Science

Shaping South East Europe's Security Community for the Twenty-First Century

Trust, Partnership, Integration

Author: S. Cross,S. Kentera,R. Vukadinovic,R. Nation

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137010207

Category: Political Science

Page: 225

View: 4493

In this book, leading academics and policy practitioners develop approaches for managing critical contemporary and emerging security challenges for South East Europe. They attempt to conceptualize and realize security as a cooperative endeavour for collective good, in contrast to security narratives driven by power and national egotism.
Posted in Political Science

Latinos in an Aging World

Social, Psychological, and Economic Perspectives

Author: Ronald J. Angel,Jacqueline L. Angel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317804929

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 354

View: 460

This book fosters a deeper understanding of the growing Latino elderly population and the implications on society. It examines post-WWII demographic and social changes and summarizes research from sociology, psychology, economics, and public health to shed light on the economic, physical, and mental well-being of older Latinos. The political and cultural implications including possible policy changes are also considered. Written in an engaging style, each chapter opens with a vignette that puts a human face on the issues. Boxed exhibits highlight social programs and policies and physical and mental health challenges that impact Latino elders. Web alerts direct readers to sites that feature more detailed information related to the chapter’s issues. Each chapter also features an introduction, examples, tables, figures, a summary, and discussion questions. The self-contained chapters can be presented in any order. Latinos in an Aging World explores: Real world problems individuals face in dealing with poverty, immigration, and health and retirement decisions The latest data on Latinos as compared to research on African- and Asian- Americans where appropriate The unique historical, demographic, social, familial, and economic situations of various Latino subgroups including those from Mexico, Puerto Rico, and Cuba How ethnicity affects one’s position of wealth and power and sense of citizenship. The consequence of life-long disadvantages and stigmatization on economic, physical, and mental well-being The impact of one’s neighborhood and the proximity to those from similar cultures on quality of life. The introduction motivates the book and sets the stage for the entire discussion. Chapter 1 reviews the histories of the major Hispanic subgroups along with various theories as they relate to race, ethnicity, and gender that provide a conceptual framework for understanding the later chapters. Demographic, economic, and social profiles of the various Hispanic subgroups are explored in chapter 2. Next the Latino population is explored from various perspectives including the economic and social situations of men and women and their educational, marital and family, and labor force experiences. Chapter 4 examines older immigrants and their families and identifies the resources available to them in their communities that often replicate the cultural and social support system of the old country. Major health risks that older Latinos face as a result of the disadvantages they experience throughout life are examined in chapter 5. Family situations and long-term care and living arrangements of older Hispanics are examined in chapter 6. The impact of neighborhood on quality of life in terms of safety and physical and mental wellbeing is explored in chapter 7. The burden that eldercare can place upon those who bear the responsibility of their daily care is explored in chapter 8. Chapter 9 investigates the gaps in income between minority and non-Hispanic white Americans and reviews what individuals with few resources need to know about financial management. The book concludes with the social, political, and economic implications of the growing Hispanic population and the role of NGOs and other organizations in providing services to older populations. Intended for courses on Latinos and aging, diversity, race and ethnicity, minorities and aging, adult development and aging, the psychology or sociology or politics of aging, geriatric social work, public health and aging, global aging, social or family policy, and health and society taught in the behavioral and social sciences, ethnic, or Latin American/Chicano Studies, this book also appeals to researchers and practitioners who work with Hispanic families.
Posted in Family & Relationships

Public Finance and Public Policy in the New Century

Author: Sijbren Cnossen,Hans-Werner Sinn

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262033046

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 535

View: 1250

Essays on the theory and practice of public finance and policy. The sixteen essays in this book were written to celebrate the ninetieth birthday of Richard Musgrave and to commemorate the tenth anniversary of CES, the Center for Economic Studies at the University of Munich. Musgrave is considered to be a founding father of modern public economics. He belongs to the intellectual tradition that views government as an instrument that can be used to correct market failure and to establish the society that people want. Although his work fits within the individualistic framework of modern economics, he also draws on principles of moral philosophy. The essays take stock of and extend the theory and practice of public finance and public policy. They address the evolving role of government and the welfare state, the interaction between taxation and markets, the future of pension and health care systems, and international tax issues and fiscal federalism.
Posted in Business & Economics

S.A.I.S. Review

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: World politics

Page: N.A

View: 1565

Posted in World politics

Joints and Connective Tissues

General Practice: The Integrative Approach Series

Author: Kerryn Phelps,Craig Hassed

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0729582175

Category: Medical

Page: 1280

View: 5435

Joints and Connective Tissues - General Practice: The Integrative Approach Series. In order to diagnose and manage the patient presenting with musculoskeletal symptoms, it is important to distinguish whether the pathology is arising primarily in the so-called hard tissues (such as bone) or the soft tissues (such as cartilage, disc, synovium, capsule, muscle, tendon, tendon sheath). It is also important to distinguish between the two most common causes of musculoskeletal symptoms, namely inflammatory and degenerative.
Posted in Medical