Geometrical Methods of Mathematical Physics

Author: Bernard F. Schutz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521298872

Category: Mathematics

Page: 250

View: 7168

For physicists and applied mathematicians working in the fields of relativity and cosmology, high-energy physics and field theory, thermodynamics, fluid dynamics and mechanics. This book provides an introduction to the concepts and techniques of modern differential theory, particularly Lie groups, Lie forms and differential forms.
Posted in Mathematics

Geometrical Methods of Mathematical Physics

Author: Bernard F. Schutz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107268141

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 2803

In recent years the methods of modern differential geometry have become of considerable importance in theoretical physics and have found application in relativity and cosmology, high-energy physics and field theory, thermodynamics, fluid dynamics and mechanics. This textbook provides an introduction to these methods - in particular Lie derivatives, Lie groups and differential forms - and covers their extensive applications to theoretical physics. The reader is assumed to have some familiarity with advanced calculus, linear algebra and a little elementary operator theory. The advanced physics undergraduate should therefore find the presentation quite accessible. This account will prove valuable for those with backgrounds in physics and applied mathematics who desire an introduction to the subject. Having studied the book, the reader will be able to comprehend research papers that use this mathematics and follow more advanced pure-mathematical expositions.
Posted in Science

The Geometry of Physics

An Introduction

Author: Theodore Frankel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139505610

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 9192

This book provides a working knowledge of those parts of exterior differential forms, differential geometry, algebraic and differential topology, Lie groups, vector bundles and Chern forms that are essential for a deeper understanding of both classical and modern physics and engineering. Included are discussions of analytical and fluid dynamics, electromagnetism (in flat and curved space), thermodynamics, the Dirac operator and spinors, and gauge fields, including Yang–Mills, the Aharonov–Bohm effect, Berry phase and instanton winding numbers, quarks and quark model for mesons. Before discussing abstract notions of differential geometry, geometric intuition is developed through a rather extensive introduction to the study of surfaces in ordinary space. The book is ideal for graduate and advanced undergraduate students of physics, engineering or mathematics as a course text or for self study. This third edition includes an overview of Cartan's exterior differential forms, which previews many of the geometric concepts developed in the text.
Posted in Mathematics

Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics

Author: V.I. Arnol'd

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475720637

Category: Mathematics

Page: 520

View: 9650

This book constructs the mathematical apparatus of classical mechanics from the beginning, examining basic problems in dynamics like the theory of oscillations and the Hamiltonian formalism. The author emphasizes geometrical considerations and includes phase spaces and flows, vector fields, and Lie groups. Discussion includes qualitative methods of the theory of dynamical systems and of asymptotic methods like averaging and adiabatic invariance.
Posted in Mathematics

Topology and Geometry for Physicists

Author: Charles Nash,Siddhartha Sen

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486318362

Category: Mathematics

Page: 320

View: 1102

Differential geometry and topology are essential tools for many theoretical physicists, particularly in the study of condensed matter physics, gravity, and particle physics. Written by physicists for physics students, this text introduces geometrical and topological methods in theoretical physics and applied mathematics. It assumes no detailed background in topology or geometry, and it emphasizes physical motivations, enabling students to apply the techniques to their physics formulas and research. "Thoroughly recommended" by The Physics Bulletin, this volume's physics applications range from condensed matter physics and statistical mechanics to elementary particle theory. Its main mathematical topics include differential forms, homotopy, homology, cohomology, fiber bundles, connection and covariant derivatives, and Morse theory.
Posted in Mathematics

Introduction to Mathematical Physics

Author: Michael T. Vaughn

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527618864

Category: Science

Page: 543

View: 9901

A comprehensive survey of all the mathematical methods that should be available to graduate students in physics. In addition to the usual topics of analysis, such as infinite series, functions of a complex variable and some differential equations as well as linear vector spaces, this book includes a more extensive discussion of group theory than can be found in other current textbooks. The main feature of this textbook is its extensive treatment of geometrical methods as applied to physics. With its introduction of differentiable manifolds and a discussion of vectors and forms on such manifolds as part of a first-year graduate course in mathematical methods, the text allows students to grasp at an early stage the contemporary literature on dynamical systems, solitons and related topological solutions to field equations, gauge theories, gravitational theory, and even string theory. Free solutions manual available for lecturers at www.wiley-vch.de/supplements/.
Posted in Science

Geometry, Topology and Physics, Second Edition

Author: Mikio Nakahara

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780750306065

Category: Mathematics

Page: 596

View: 665

Differential geometry and topology have become essential tools for many theoretical physicists. In particular, they are indispensable in theoretical studies of condensed matter physics, gravity, and particle physics. Geometry, Topology and Physics, Second Edition introduces the ideas and techniques of differential geometry and topology at a level suitable for postgraduate students and researchers in these fields. The second edition of this popular and established text incorporates a number of changes designed to meet the needs of the reader and reflect the development of the subject. The book features a considerably expanded first chapter, reviewing aspects of path integral quantization and gauge theories. Chapter 2 introduces the mathematical concepts of maps, vector spaces, and topology. The following chapters focus on more elaborate concepts in geometry and topology and discuss the application of these concepts to liquid crystals, superfluid helium, general relativity, and bosonic string theory. Later chapters unify geometry and topology, exploring fiber bundles, characteristic classes, and index theorems. New to this second edition is the proof of the index theorem in terms of supersymmetric quantum mechanics. The final two chapters are devoted to the most fascinating applications of geometry and topology in contemporary physics, namely the study of anomalies in gauge field theories and the analysis of Polakov's bosonic string theory from the geometrical point of view. Geometry, Topology and Physics, Second Edition is an ideal introduction to differential geometry and topology for postgraduate students and researchers in theoretical and mathematical physics.
Posted in Mathematics

Geometry and Light

The Science of Invisibility

Author: Ulf Leonhardt,Thomas Philbin

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486134903

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 8929

Suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate students of engineering, physics, and mathematics and scientific researchers of all types, this is the first authoritative text on invisibility and the science behind it. More than 100 full-color illustrations, plus exercises with solutions. 2010 edition.
Posted in Science

Explorations in Mathematical Physics

The Concepts Behind an Elegant Language

Author: Don Koks

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387327932

Category: Science

Page: 539

View: 3099

Have you ever wondered why the language of modern physics centres on geometry? Or how quantum operators and Dirac brackets work? What a convolution really is? What tensors are all about? Or what field theory and lagrangians are, and why gravity is described as curvature? This book takes you on a tour of the main ideas forming the language of modern mathematical physics. Here you will meet novel approaches to concepts such as determinants and geometry, wave function evolution, statistics, signal processing, and three-dimensional rotations. You will see how the accelerated frames of special relativity tell us about gravity. On the journey, you will discover how tensor notation relates to vector calculus, how differential geometry is built on intuitive concepts, and how variational calculus leads to field theory. You will meet quantum measurement theory, along with Green functions and the art of complex integration, and finally general relativity and cosmology. The book takes a fresh approach to tensor analysis built solely on the metric and vectors, with no need for one-forms. This gives a much more geometrical and intuitive insight into vector and tensor calculus, together with general relativity, than do traditional, more abstract methods. Don Koks is a physicist at the Defence Science and Technology Organisation in Adelaide, Australia. His doctorate in quantum cosmology was obtained from the Department of Physics and Mathematical Physics at Adelaide University. Prior work at the University of Auckland specialised in applied accelerator physics, along with pure and applied mathematics.
Posted in Science

Lie Groups, Physics, and Geometry

An Introduction for Physicists, Engineers and Chemists

Author: Robert Gilmore

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113946907X

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 2124

Describing many of the most important aspects of Lie group theory, this book presents the subject in a 'hands on' way. Rather than concentrating on theorems and proofs, the book shows the applications of the material to physical sciences and applied mathematics. Many examples of Lie groups and Lie algebras are given throughout the text. The relation between Lie group theory and algorithms for solving ordinary differential equations is presented and shown to be analogous to the relation between Galois groups and algorithms for solving polynomial equations. Other chapters are devoted to differential geometry, relativity, electrodynamics, and the hydrogen atom. Problems are given at the end of each chapter so readers can monitor their understanding of the materials. This is a fascinating introduction to Lie groups for graduate and undergraduate students in physics, mathematics and electrical engineering, as well as researchers in these fields.
Posted in Science

Differential Geometry, Gauge Theories, and Gravity

Author: M. Göckeler,T. Schücker

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521378215

Category: Mathematics

Page: 230

View: 4787

Cambridge University Press is committed to keeping scholarly work in print for as long as possible. A short print-run of this academic paperback has been produced using digital technology. This technology has enabled Cambridge to keep the book in print for specialists and students when traditional methods of reprinting would not have been feasible. While the new digital cover differs from the original, the text content is identical to that of previous printings.
Posted in Mathematics

Physics, Geometry and Topology

Author: H.C. Lee

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461538025

Category: Science

Page: 681

View: 2314

The Banff NATO Summer School was held August 14-25, 1989 at the Banff Cen tre, Banff, Albert, Canada. It was a combination of two venues: a summer school in the annual series of Summer School in Theoretical Physics spon sored by the Theoretical Physics Division, Canadian Association of Physi cists, and a NATO Advanced Study Institute. The Organizing Committee for the present school was composed of G. Kunstatter (University of Winnipeg), H.C. Lee (Chalk River Laboratories and University of Western Ontario), R. Kobes (University of Winnipeg), D.l. Toms (University of Newcastle Upon Tyne) and Y.S. Wu (University of Utah). Thanks to the group of lecturers (see Contents) and the timeliness of the courses given, the school, entitled PHYSICS, GEOMETRY AND TOPOLOGY, was popular from the very outset. The number of applications outstripped the 90 places of accommodation reserved at the Banff Centre soon after the school was announced. As the eventual total number of participants was increased to 170, it was still necessary to tum away many deserving applicants. In accordance with the spirit of the school, the geometrical and topologi cal properties in each of the wide ranging topics covered by the lectures were emphasized. A recurring theme in a number of the lectures is the Yang-Baxter relation which characterizes a very large class of integrable systems including: many state models, two-dimensional conformal field theory, quantum field theory and quantum gravity in 2 + I dimensions.
Posted in Science

Gravity from the Ground Up

An Introductory Guide to Gravity and General Relativity

Author: Bernard Schutz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139457349

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 3706

This book invites the reader to understand our Universe, not just marvel at it. From the clock-like motions of the planets to the catastrophic collapse of a star into a black hole, gravity controls the Universe. Gravity is central to modern physics, helping to answer the deepest questions about the nature of time, the origin of the Universe and the unification of the forces of nature. Linking key experiments and observations through careful physical reasoning, the author builds the reader's insight step-by-step from simple but profound facts about gravity on Earth to the frontiers of research. Topics covered include the nature of stars and galaxies, the mysteries of dark matter and dark energy, black holes, gravitational waves, inflation and the Big Bang. Suitable for general readers and for undergraduate courses, the treatment uses only high-school level mathematics, supplemented by optional computer programs, to explain the laws of physics governing gravity.
Posted in Science

Tensor Analysis on Manifolds

Author: Richard L. Bishop,Samuel I. Goldberg

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486139239

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 9333

DIVProceeds from general to special, including chapters on vector analysis on manifolds and integration theory. /div
Posted in Mathematics

Lie Groups, Lie Algebras, and Some of Their Applications

Author: Robert Gilmore

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486131564

Category: Mathematics

Page: 608

View: 5433

This text introduces upper-level undergraduates to Lie group theory and physical applications. It further illustrates Lie group theory's role in several fields of physics. 1974 edition. Includes 75 figures and 17 tables, exercises and problems.
Posted in Mathematics

Twistor Geometry and Field Theory

Author: R. S. Ward,Raymond O. Wells, Jr

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521422680

Category: Mathematics

Page: 520

View: 9526

This book deals with the twistor treatment of certain linear and non-linear partial differential equations. The description in terms of twistors involves algebraic and differential geometry, algebraic topology and results in a new perspective on the properties of space and time. The authors firstly develop the mathematical background, then go on to discuss Yang-Mills fields and gravitational fields in classical language, and in the final part a number of field-theoretic problems are solved. Issued here for the first time in paperback, this self-contained volume should be of use to graduate mathematicians and physicists and research workers in theoretical physics, relativity, and cosmology.
Posted in Mathematics

Geometric Optics on Phase Space

Author: Kurt Bernardo Wolf

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540220398

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 974

Symplectic geometry, well known as the basic structure of Hamiltonian mechanics, is also the foundation of optics. In fact, optical systems (geometric or wave) have an even richer symmetry structure than mechanical ones (classical or quantum). The symmetries underlying the geometric model of light are based on the symplectic group. Geometric Optics on Phase Space develops both geometric optics and group theory from first principles in their Hamiltonian formulation on phase space. This treatise provides the mathematical background and also collects a host of useful methods of practical importance, particularly the fractional Fourier transform currently used for image processing. The reader will appreciate the beautiful similarities between Hamilton's mechanics and this approach to optics. The appendices link the geometry thus introduced to wave optics through Lie methods. The book addresses researchers and graduate students.
Posted in Science

Tensors and Manifolds

With Applications to Physics

Author: Robert Wasserman

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198510598

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 447

View: 2444

The book sets forth the basic principles of tensors and manifolds, describing how the mathematics underlies elegant geometrical models of classical mechanics, relativity and elementary particle physics."--Jacket.
Posted in Foreign Language Study

A Course in Modern Mathematical Physics

Groups, Hilbert Space and Differential Geometry

Author: Peter Szekeres

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521829601

Category: Mathematics

Page: 600

View: 6827

This book provides an introduction to the mathematics of modern physics, presenting concepts and techniques in mathematical physics at a level suitable for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students. It aims to introduce the reader to modern mathematical thinking within a physics setting. Topics covered include tensor algebra, differential geometry, topology, Lie groups and Lie algebras, distribution theory, fundamental analysis and Hilbert spaces. The book includes exercises and worked examples, to test the students' understanding of the various concepts, as well as extending the themes covered in the main text.
Posted in Mathematics

Advanced General Relativity

Author: John Stewart

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521449465

Category: Science

Page: 228

View: 5574

A self-contained introduction to advanced general relativity.
Posted in Science