Geometric and Topological Methods for Quantum Field Theory

Author: Hernan Ocampo,Eddy Pariguan,Sylvie Paycha

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113948673X

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 2864

Aimed at graduate students in physics and mathematics, this book provides an introduction to recent developments in several active topics at the interface between algebra, geometry, topology and quantum field theory. The first part of the book begins with an account of important results in geometric topology. It investigates the differential equation aspects of quantum cohomology, before moving on to noncommutative geometry. This is followed by a further exploration of quantum field theory and gauge theory, describing AdS/CFT correspondence, and the functional renormalization group approach to quantum gravity. The second part covers a wide spectrum of topics on the borderline of mathematics and physics, ranging from orbifolds to quantum indistinguishability and involving a manifold of mathematical tools borrowed from geometry, algebra and analysis. Each chapter presents introductory material before moving on to more advanced results. The chapters are self-contained and can be read independently of the rest.
Posted in Science

Proceedings of the Summer School Geometric and Topological Methods for Quantum Field Theory

Villa de Leyva, Colombia, 9-27 July 2001

Author: Alexander Cardona

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812705068

Category: Algebraic topology

Page: 482

View: 7578

This volume offers an introduction to recent developments in several active topics of research at the interface between geometry, topology and quantum field theory. These include Hopf algebras underlying renormalization schemes in quantum field theory, noncommutative geometry with applications to index theory on one hand and the study of aperiodic solids on the other, geometry and topology of low dimensional manifolds with applications to topological field theory, Chern-Simons supergravity and the anti de Sitter/conformal field theory correspondence. It comprises seven lectures organized around three main topics, noncommutative geometry, topological field theory, followed by supergravity and string theory, complemented by some short communications by young participants of the school.
Posted in Algebraic topology

Geometric and Topological Methods for Quantum Field Theory

Proceedings of the 2009 Villa de Leyva Summer School

Author: Alexander Cardona,Iván Contreras,Andrés F. Reyes-Lega

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107355192

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 7579

Based on lectures given at the renowned Villa de Leyva summer school, this book provides a unique presentation of modern geometric methods in quantum field theory. Written by experts, it enables readers to enter some of the most fascinating research topics in this subject. Covering a series of topics on geometry, topology, algebra, number theory methods and their applications to quantum field theory, the book covers topics such as Dirac structures, holomorphic bundles and stability, Feynman integrals, geometric aspects of quantum field theory and the standard model, spectral and Riemannian geometry and index theory. This is a valuable guide for graduate students and researchers in physics and mathematics wanting to enter this interesting research field at the borderline between mathematics and physics.
Posted in Science

Geometric, Algebraic and Topological Methods for Quantum Field Theory

Proceedings of the 2011 Villa de Leyva Summer School, Villa de Leyva, Colombia, 4-22 July 2011

Author: Sylvie Payche

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814460052

Category: Science

Page: 378

View: 728

Based on lectures held at the 7th Villa de Leyva summer school, this book presents an introduction to topics of current interest in the interface of geometry, topology and physics. It is aimed at graduate students in physics or mathematics with interests in geometric, algebraic as well as topological methods and their applications to quantum field theory. This volume contains the written notes corresponding to lectures given by experts in the field. They cover current topics of research in a way that is suitable for graduate students of mathematics or physics interested in the recent developments and interactions between geometry, topology and physics. The book also contains contributions by younger participants, displaying the ample range of topics treated in the school. A key feature of the present volume is the provision of a pedagogical presentation of rather advanced topics, in a way which is suitable for both mathematicians and physicists.
Posted in Science

Geometric and Topological Methods for Quantum Field Theory

Author: Alexander Cardona,Sylvie Paycha,Hernan Ocampo

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814487678

Category: Mathematics

Page: 492

View: 3488

This volume offers an introduction to recent developments in several active topics of research at the interface between geometry, topology and quantum field theory. These include Hopf algebras underlying renormalization schemes in quantum field theory, noncommutative geometry with applications to index theory on one hand and the study of aperiodic solids on the other, geometry and topology of low dimensional manifolds with applications to topological field theory, Chern-Simons supergravity and the anti de Sitter/conformal field theory correspondence. It comprises seven lectures organized around three main topics, noncommutative geometry, topological field theory, followed by supergravity and string theory, complemented by some short communications by young participants of the school. Contents:Noncommutative Geometry:Hopf Algebras in Noncommutative Geometry (J C Várilly)The Noncommutative Geometry of Aperiodic Solids (J Bellissard)Noncommutative Geometry and Abstract Integration Theory (M-T Benameur)Topological Field Theory:Introduction to Quantum Invariants of 3-Manifolds, Topological Quantum Field Theories and Modular Categories (C Blanchet)An Introduction to Donaldson–Witten Theory (M Mariño)Supergravity and String Theory:(Super)-Gravities Beyond 4 Dimensions (J Zanelli)Introductory Lectures on String Theory and the AdS/CFT Correspondence (A Pankiewicz & S Theisen)Short Communications:Group Contractions and Its Consequences Upon Representations of Different Spatial Symmetry Groups (M Ayala-Sánchez & R W Haase)Phase Anomalies as Trace Anomalies in Chern–Simons Theory (A Cardona)Deligne Cohomology for Orbifolds, Discrete Torsion and B-Fields (E Lupercio & B Uribe) Readership: Graduate students and researchers in theoretical and mathematical physics, as well as geometry and topology. Keywords:
Posted in Mathematics

Geometric, Algebraic and Topological Methods for Quantum Field Theory

Proceedings of the 2013 Villa de Leyva Summer School

Author: Leonardo Cano,Alexander Cardona,Hern Ocampo,Andr F Reyes Lega

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814730890

Category: Mathematics

Page: 384

View: 8536

Based on lectures held at the 8th edition of the series of summer schools in Villa de Leyva since 1999, this book presents an introduction to topics of current interest at the interface of geometry, algebra, analysis, topology and theoretical physics. It is aimed at graduate students and researchers in physics or mathematics, and offers an introduction to the topics discussed in the two weeks of the summer school: operator algebras, conformal field theory, black holes, relativistic fluids, Lie groupoids and Lie algebroids, renormalization methods, spectral geometry and index theory for pseudo-differential operators.
Posted in Mathematics

Geometric Methods for Quantum Field Theory

Proceedings of the Summer School : Villa de Leyva, Colombia, 12-30 July 1999

Author: Hernan Ocampo,Sylvie Paycha,Andres Reyes

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812810579

Category: Electronic books

Page: 528

View: 3640

Both mathematics and mathematical physics have many active areas of research where the interplay between geometry and quantum field theory has proved extremely fruitful. Duality, gauge field theory, geometric quantization, SeibergOCoWitten theory, spectral properties and families of Dirac operators, and the geometry of loop groups offer some striking recent examples of modern topics which stand on the borderline between geometry and analysis on the one hand and quantum field theory on the other, where the physicist''s and the mathematician''s perspective complement each other, leading to new mathematical and physical concepts and results. This volume introduces the reader to some basic mathematical and physical tools and methods required to follow the recent developments in some active areas of mathematical physics, including duality, gauge field theory, geometric quantization, Seiberg-Witten theory, spectral properties and families of Dirac operators, and the geometry of loop groups. It comprises seven self-contained lectures, which should progressively give the reader a precise idea of some of the techniques used in these areas, as well as a few short communications presented by young participants at the school. Contents: Lectures: Introduction to Differentiable Manifolds and Symplectic Geometry (T Wurzbacher); Spectral Properties of the Dirac Operator and Geometrical Structures (O Hijazi); Quantum Theory of Fermion Systems: Topics Between Physics and Mathematics (E Langmann); Heat Equation and Spectral Geometry. Introduction for Beginners (K Wojciechowski); Renormalized Traces as a Geometric Tool (S Paycha); Concepts in Gauge Theory Leading to Electric-Magnetic Duality (T S Tsun); An Introduction to Seiberg-Witten Theory (H Ocampo); Short Communications: Remarks on Duality, Analytical Torsion and Gaussian Integration in Antisymmetric Field Theories (A Cardona); Multiplicative Anomaly for the e-Regularized Determinant (C Ducourtioux); On Cohomogeneity One Riemannian Manifolds (S M B Kashani); A Differentiable Calculus on the Space of Loops and Connections (M Reiris); Quantum Hall Conductivity and Topological Invariants (A Reyes); Determinant of the Dirac Operator Over the Interval [0, ] (F Torres-Ardila). Readership: Mathematicians and physicists."
Posted in Electronic books

Differential Topology and Quantum Field Theory

Author: Charles Nash

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780125140768

Category: Mathematics

Page: 386

View: 7559

The remarkable developments in differential topology and how these recent advances have been applied as a primary research tool in quantum field theory are presented here in a style reflecting the genuinely two-sided interaction between mathematical physics and applied mathematics. The author, following his previous work (Nash/Sen: Differential Topology for Physicists, Academic Press, 1983), covers elliptic differential and pseudo-differential operators, Atiyah-Singer index theory, topological quantum field theory, string theory, and knot theory. The explanatory approach serves to illuminate and clarify these theories for graduate students and research workers entering the field for the first time. Treats differential geometry, differential topology, and quantum field theory Includes elliptic differential and pseudo-differential operators, Atiyah-Singer index theory, topological quantum field theory, string theory, and knot theory Tackles problems of quantum field theory using differential topology as a tool
Posted in Mathematics

Quantum Field Theory and Topology

Author: Albert S. Schwarz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 366202943X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 276

View: 5996

In recent years topology has firmly established itself as an important part of the physicist's mathematical arsenal. It has many applications, first of all in quantum field theory, but increasingly also in other areas of physics. The main focus of this book is on the results of quantum field theory that are obtained by topological methods. Some aspects of the theory of condensed matter are also discussed. Part I is an introduction to quantum field theory: it discusses the basic Lagrangians used in the theory of elementary particles. Part II is devoted to the applications of topology to quantum field theory. Part III covers the necessary mathematical background in summary form. The book is aimed at physicists interested in applications of topology to physics and at mathematicians wishing to familiarize themselves with quantum field theory and the mathematical methods used in this field. It is accessible to graduate students in physics and mathematics.
Posted in Mathematics

Geometric and Algebraic Topological Methods in Quantum Mechanics

Author: G. Giachetta,L. Mangiarotti,Gennadi? Aleksandrovich Sardanashvili

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812561293

Category: Science

Page: 703

View: 3409

- The book collects all the advanced methods of quantization in the last decade. - It presents in a compact way all the necessary up to date mathematical tools to be used in studying quantum problems.
Posted in Science

Conformal Field Theory and Topology

Author: Toshitake Kohno

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821821305

Category: Mathematics

Page: 172

View: 8410

The aim of this book is to provide the reader with an introduction to conformal field theory and its applications to topology. The author starts with a description of geometric aspects of conformal field theory based on loop groups. By means of the holonomy of conformal field theory he defines topological invariants for knots and 3-manifolds. He also gives a brief treatment of Chern-Simons perturbation theory.
Posted in Mathematics

Topology and Geometry for Physicists

Author: Charles Nash,Siddhartha Sen

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486318362

Category: Mathematics

Page: 320

View: 597

Differential geometry and topology are essential tools for many theoretical physicists, particularly in the study of condensed matter physics, gravity, and particle physics. Written by physicists for physics students, this text introduces geometrical and topological methods in theoretical physics and applied mathematics. It assumes no detailed background in topology or geometry, and it emphasizes physical motivations, enabling students to apply the techniques to their physics formulas and research. "Thoroughly recommended" by The Physics Bulletin, this volume's physics applications range from condensed matter physics and statistical mechanics to elementary particle theory. Its main mathematical topics include differential forms, homotopy, homology, cohomology, fiber bundles, connection and covariant derivatives, and Morse theory.
Posted in Mathematics

Geometry, Topology and Physics, Second Edition

Author: Mikio Nakahara

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780750306065

Category: Mathematics

Page: 596

View: 9721

Differential geometry and topology have become essential tools for many theoretical physicists. In particular, they are indispensable in theoretical studies of condensed matter physics, gravity, and particle physics. Geometry, Topology and Physics, Second Edition introduces the ideas and techniques of differential geometry and topology at a level suitable for postgraduate students and researchers in these fields. The second edition of this popular and established text incorporates a number of changes designed to meet the needs of the reader and reflect the development of the subject. The book features a considerably expanded first chapter, reviewing aspects of path integral quantization and gauge theories. Chapter 2 introduces the mathematical concepts of maps, vector spaces, and topology. The following chapters focus on more elaborate concepts in geometry and topology and discuss the application of these concepts to liquid crystals, superfluid helium, general relativity, and bosonic string theory. Later chapters unify geometry and topology, exploring fiber bundles, characteristic classes, and index theorems. New to this second edition is the proof of the index theorem in terms of supersymmetric quantum mechanics. The final two chapters are devoted to the most fascinating applications of geometry and topology in contemporary physics, namely the study of anomalies in gauge field theories and the analysis of Polakov's bosonic string theory from the geometrical point of view. Geometry, Topology and Physics, Second Edition is an ideal introduction to differential geometry and topology for postgraduate students and researchers in theoretical and mathematical physics.
Posted in Mathematics

Geometry and Physics

Author: Jürgen Jost

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642005411

Category: Mathematics

Page: 217

View: 7807

"Geometry and Physics" addresses mathematicians wanting to understand modern physics, and physicists wanting to learn geometry. It gives an introduction to modern quantum field theory and related areas of theoretical high-energy physics from the perspective of Riemannian geometry, and an introduction to modern geometry as needed and utilized in modern physics. Jürgen Jost, a well-known research mathematician and advanced textbook author, also develops important geometric concepts and methods that can be used for the structures of physics. In particular, he discusses the Lagrangians of the standard model and its supersymmetric extensions from a geometric perspective.
Posted in Mathematics

Geometrical Methods of Mathematical Physics

Author: Bernard F. Schutz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107268141

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 6910

In recent years the methods of modern differential geometry have become of considerable importance in theoretical physics and have found application in relativity and cosmology, high-energy physics and field theory, thermodynamics, fluid dynamics and mechanics. This textbook provides an introduction to these methods - in particular Lie derivatives, Lie groups and differential forms - and covers their extensive applications to theoretical physics. The reader is assumed to have some familiarity with advanced calculus, linear algebra and a little elementary operator theory. The advanced physics undergraduate should therefore find the presentation quite accessible. This account will prove valuable for those with backgrounds in physics and applied mathematics who desire an introduction to the subject. Having studied the book, the reader will be able to comprehend research papers that use this mathematics and follow more advanced pure-mathematical expositions.
Posted in Science

Quantum Topology

Author: Louis H Kauffman,Randy A Baadhio

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814502677

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 5313

This book constitutes a review volume on the relatively new subject of Quantum Topology. Quantum Topology has its inception in the 1984/1985 discoveries of new invariants of knots and links (Jones, Homfly and Kauffman polynomials). These invariants were rapidly connected with quantum groups and methods in statistical mechanics. This was followed by Edward Witten's introduction of methods of quantum field theory into the subject and the formulation by Witten and Michael Atiyah of the concept of topological quantum field theories. This book is a review volume of on-going research activity. The papers derive from talks given at the Special Session on Knot and Topological Quantum Field Theory of the American Mathematical Society held at Dayton, Ohio in the fall of 1992. The book consists of a self-contained article by Kauffman, entitled Introduction to Quantum Topology and eighteen research articles by participants in the special session. This book should provide a useful source of ideas and results for anyone interested in the interface between topology and quantum field theory. Contents:Introduction to Quantum Topology (L H Kauffman)Knot Theory, Exotic Spheres and Global Gravitational Anomalies (R A Baadhio)A Diagrammatic Theory of Knotted Surfaces (J S Carter & M Saito)A Categorical Construction of 4D Topological Quantum Field Theories (L Crane & D Yetter)Evaluating the Crane-Yetter Invariant (L Crane, L H Kauffman & D Yetter)A Method for Computing the Arf Invariants of Links (P Gilmer)Triangulations, Categories and Extended Topological Field Theories (R J Lawrence)The Casson Invariant for Two-Fold Branched Covers of Links (D Mullins)Elementary Conjectures in Classical Knot Theory (J H Przytycki)Knot Polynomials as States of Nonperturbative Four Dimensional Quantum Gravity (J Pullin)On Invariants of 3-Manifolds Derived from Abelian Groups (J Mattes, M M Polyak & N Reshetikhin)and other papers Readership: Mathematicians and mathematical physicists. keywords:Quantum Topology;Topological Quantum Field Theory;Meeting;AMS Special Session;Dayton, OH (USA)
Posted in Science

Towards the Mathematics of Quantum Field Theory

Author: Frederic Paugam

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319045644

Category: Science

Page: 487

View: 7362

This ambitious and original book sets out to introduce to mathematicians (even including graduate students ) the mathematical methods of theoretical and experimental quantum field theory, with an emphasis on coordinate-free presentations of the mathematical objects in use. This in turn promotes the interaction between mathematicians and physicists by supplying a common and flexible language for the good of both communities, though mathematicians are the primary target. This reference work provides a coherent and complete mathematical toolbox for classical and quantum field theory, based on categorical and homotopical methods, representing an original contribution to the literature. The first part of the book introduces the mathematical methods needed to work with the physicists' spaces of fields, including parameterized and functional differential geometry, functorial analysis, and the homotopical geometric theory of non-linear partial differential equations, with applications to general gauge theories. The second part presents a large family of examples of classical field theories, both from experimental and theoretical physics, while the third part provides an introduction to quantum field theory, presents various renormalization methods, and discusses the quantization of factorization algebras.
Posted in Science

Quantum Field Theory of Many-Body Systems

From the Origin of Sound to an Origin of Light and Electrons

Author: Xiao-Gang Wen

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0198530943

Category: Science

Page: 505

View: 7380

This book is a pedagogical and systematic introduction to new concepts and quantum field theoretical methods in condensed matter physics, which may have an impact on our understanding of the origin of light, electrons and other elementary particles in the universe. Emphasis is on clear physical principles, while at the same time bringing students to the fore of today's research.
Posted in Science

Applications of Contact Geometry and Topology in Physics

Author: Arkady Leonidovich Kholodenko

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814412090

Category: Mathematics

Page: 492

View: 9634

Although contact geometry and topology is briefly discussed in V I Arnol''d''s book Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics (Springer-Verlag, 1989, 2nd edition), it still remains a domain of research in pure mathematics, e.g. see the recent monograph by H Geiges An Introduction to Contact Topology (Cambridge U Press, 2008). Some attempts to use contact geometry in physics were made in the monograph Contact Geometry and Nonlinear Differential Equations (Cambridge U Press, 2007). Unfortunately, even the excellent style of this monograph is not sufficient to attract the attention of the physics community to this type of problems. This book is the first serious attempt to change the existing status quo. In it we demonstrate that, in fact, all branches of theoretical physics can be rewritten in the language of contact geometry and topology: from mechanics, thermodynamics and electrodynamics to optics, gauge fields and gravity; from physics of liquid crystals to quantum mechanics and quantum computers, etc. The book is written in the style of famous Landau-Lifshitz (L-L) multivolume course in theoretical physics. This means that its readers are expected to have solid background in theoretical physics (at least at the level of the L-L course). No prior knowledge of specialized mathematics is required. All needed new mathematics is given in the context of discussed physical problems. As in the L-L course some problems/exercises are formulated along the way and, again as in the L-L course, these are always supplemented by either solutions or by hints (with exact references). Unlike the L-L course, though, some definitions, theorems, and remarks are also presented. This is done with the purpose of stimulating the interest of our readers in deeper study of subject matters discussed in the text.
Posted in Mathematics