Geochemistry

Author: William M. White

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118485270

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 1623

This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the field of geochemistry. The book first lays out the ‘geochemical toolbox’: the basic principles and techniques of modern geochemistry, beginning with a review of thermodynamics and kinetics as they apply to the Earth and its environs. These basic concepts are then applied to understanding processes in aqueous systems and the behavior of trace elements in magmatic systems. Subsequent chapters introduce radiogenic and stable isotope geochemistry and illustrate their application to such diverse topics as determining geologic time, ancient climates, and the diets of prehistoric peoples. The focus then broadens to the formation of the solar system, the Earth, and the elements themselves. Then the composition of the Earth itself becomes the topic, examining the composition of the core, the mantle, and the crust and exploring how this structure originated. A final chapter covers organic chemistry, including the origin of fossil fuels and the carbon cycle’s role in controlling Earth’s climate, both in the geologic past and the rapidly changing present. Geochemistry is essential reading for all earth science students, as well as for researchers and applied scientists who require an introduction to the essential theory of geochemistry, and a survey of its applications in the earth and environmental sciences. Additional resources can be found at: www.wiley.com/go/white/geochemistry
Posted in Science

Geochemistry

Author: William M. White

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118485254

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 4917

This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the field of geochemistry. The book first lays out the ‘geochemical toolbox’: the basic principles and techniques of modern geochemistry, beginning with a review of thermodynamics and kinetics as they apply to the Earth and its environs. These basic concepts are then applied to understanding processes in aqueous systems and the behavior of trace elements in magmatic systems. Subsequent chapters introduce radiogenic and stable isotope geochemistry and illustrate their application to such diverse topics as determining geologic time, ancient climates, and the diets of prehistoric peoples. The focus then broadens to the formation of the solar system, the Earth, and the elements themselves. Then the composition of the Earth itself becomes the topic, examining the composition of the core, the mantle, and the crust and exploring how this structure originated. A final chapter covers organic chemistry, including the origin of fossil fuels and the carbon cycle’s role in controlling Earth’s climate, both in the geologic past and the rapidly changing present. Geochemistry is essential reading for all earth science students, as well as for researchers and applied scientists who require an introduction to the essential theory of geochemistry, and a survey of its applications in the earth and environmental sciences. Additional resources can be found at: www.wiley.com/go/white/geochemistry
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Geochemistry

Author: William M. White

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470656686

Category: Science

Page: 660

View: 8895

"The intent of this book is to introduce you to geochemistry and to further your understanding of the Earth through it"--
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Geochemistry

An Introduction

Author: Francis Albarède

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107268885

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 4121

Introducing the essentials of modern geochemistry for students across the Earth and environmental sciences, this new edition emphasises the general principles of this central discipline. Focusing on inorganic chemistry, Francis Albarède's refreshing approach is brought to topics that range from measuring geological time to the understanding of climate change. The author leads the student through the necessary mathematics to understand the quantitative aspects of the subject in an easily understandable manner. The early chapters cover the principles and methods of physics and chemistry that underlie geochemistry, to build the students' understanding of concepts such as isotopes, fractionation, and mixing. These are then applied across many of the environments on Earth, including the solid Earth, rivers, and climate, and then extended to processes on other planets. Three new chapters have been added – on stable isotopes, biogeochemistry, and environmental geochemistry. End-of-chapter student exercises, with solutions available online, are also included.
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Geochemistry, Groundwater and Pollution

Author: C.A.J. Appelo,Dieke Postma

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439833544

Category: Science

Page: 668

View: 3872

Building on the success of its 1993 predecessor, this second edition of Geochemistry, Groundwater and Pollution has been thoroughly re-written, updated and extended to provide a complete and authoritative account of modern hydrogeochemistry. Offering a quantitative approach to the study of groundwater quality and the interaction of water, minerals, gases, pollutants and microbes, this book shows how physical and chemical theory can be applied to explain observed water qualities and variations over space and time. Integral to the presentation, geochemical modelling using PHREEQC code is demonstrated, with step-by-step instructions for calculating and simulating field and laboratory data. Numerous figures and tables illustrate the theory, while worked examples including calculations and theoretical explanations assist the reader in gaining a deeper understanding of the concepts involved. A crucial read for students of hydrogeology, geochemistry and civil engineering, professionals in the water sciences will also find inspiration in the practical examples and modeling templates.
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Quantitative Geochemistry

Author: Haibo Zou

Publisher: Imperial College Press

ISBN: 1860946461

Category: Science

Page: 287

View: 848

"This book presents quantitative treatments of a wide range of fundamental problems related to geochemistry and geology. It shows that trace elements, isotopes, and equations are integrative tools in modern geochemistry for studying various Earth processes." -- Back cover.
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Isotope Geochemistry

Author: William M. White

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118902106

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 9352

This book provides a comprehensive introduction to radiogenic and stable isotope geochemistry. Beginning with a brief overview of nuclear physics and nuclear origins, it then reviews radioactive decay schemes and their use in geochronology. A following chapter covers the closely related techniques such as fission-track and carbon-14 dating. Subsequent chapters cover nucleosynthetic anomalies in meteorites and early solar system chronology and the use of radiogenic isotopes in understanding the evolution of the Earth’s mantle, crust, and oceans. Attention then turns to stable isotopes and after reviewing the basic principles involved, the book explores their use in topics as diverse as mantle evolution, archeology and paleontology, ore formation, and, particularly, paleoclimatology. A following chapter explores recent developments including unconventional stable isotopes, mass-independent fractionation, and isotopic ‘clumping’. The final chapter reviews the isotopic variation in the noble gases, which result from both radioactive decay and chemical fractionations.
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Data of geochemistry

Author: Geological Survey (U.S.)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Geochemistry

Page: N.A

View: 9644

Posted in Geochemistry

Geochemistry

Pathways and Processes

Author: Harry Y. McSween,Steven McAfee Richardson,Maria E. Uhle

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231124406

Category: Science

Page: 363

View: 9153

Written expressly for undergraduate and graduate geologists, this book focuses on how geochemical principles can be used to solve practical problems. The attention to problem-solving reflects the authors'belief that showing how theory is useful in solving real-life problems is vital for learning. The book gives students a thorough grasp of the basic principles of the subject, balancing the traditional equilibrium perspective and the kinetic viewpoint. The first half of the book considers processes in which temperature and pressure are nearly constant. After introductions to the laws of thermodynamics, to fundamental equations for flow and diffusion, and to solution chemistry, these principles are used to investigate diagenesis, weathering, and natural waters. The second half of the book applies thermodynamics and kinetics to systems undergoing changes in temperature and pressure during magmatism and metamorphism. This revised edition incorporates new geochemical discoveries as examples of processes and pathways, with new chapters on mineral structure and bonding and on organic matter and biomarkers. Each chapter has worked problems, and the authors assume that the student has had a year of college-level chemistry and a year of calculus. Praise for the first edition "A truly modern geochemistry book.... Very well written and quite enjoyable to read.... An excellent basic text for graduate level instruction in geochemistry." -- Journal of Geological Education "An up-to-date, broadly conceived introduction to geochemistry.... Given the recent flowering of geochemistry as an interdisciplinary science, and given the extent to which it now draws upon the fundamentals of thermodynamics and kinetics to understand earth and planetary processes, this timely and rigorous [book] is welcome indeed." -- Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
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Marine Geochemistry

Author: Roy Chester,Tim D. Jickells

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118349091

Category: Science

Page: 436

View: 494

Marine Geochemistry offers a fully comprehensive and integrated treatment of the chemistry of the oceans, their sediments and biota. The first edition of the book received strong critical acclaim and was described as ‘a standard text for years to come.’ This third edition of Marine Geochemistry has been written at a time when the role of the oceans in the Earth System is becoming increasingly apparent. Following the successful format adopted previously, this new edition treats the oceans as a unified entity, and addresses the question ‘how do the oceans work as a chemical system?’ To address this question, the text has been updated to cover recent advances in our understanding of topics such as the carbon chemistry of the oceans, nutrient cycling and its effect on marine chemistry, the acidification of sea water, and the role of the oceans in climate change. In addition, the importance of shelf seas in oceanic cycles has been re-evaluated in the light of new research. Marine Geochemistry offers both undergraduate and graduate students and research workers an integrated approach to one of the most important reservoirs in the Earth System. Additional resources for this book can be found at: www.wiley.com/go/chester/marinegeochemistry.
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Data of Geochemistry

Compilation of stable isotope fractionation factors of geochemical interest

Author: Irving Friedman,James R. O'Neil

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 12

View: 1686

Isoptope separation factors for the stable isotopes of hydrogen, carbon, oxygen, and sulfur are plotted as a function of temperature, in degrees Celsius.
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Readings from the Treatise on Geochemistry

Author: Heinrich D Holland,Karl K. Turekian

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123813923

Category: Science

Page: 680

View: 5862

Readings from the Treatise on Geochemistry offers an interdisciplinary reference for scientists, researchers and upper undergraduate and graduate level geochemistry students that is more affordable than the full Treatise. For professionals, this volume will provide an overview of the field as a whole. For students, it will provide more in-depth introductory content than is found in broad-based geochemistry textbooks. Articles were selected from chapters across all volumes of the full Treatise, and include: The Origin and Earliest History of the Earth, Compositional Evolution of the Mantle, Evolution of Sedimentary Rocks, Soil Formation, Geochemistry of Groundwater, Geologic History of Seawater, Hydrothermal Processes, and Biogeochemistry of Primary Production in the Sea. Comprehensive, interdisciplinary and authoritative content selected by leading subject experts Robust illustrations, figures and tables Affordably priced sampling of content from the full Treatise on Geochemistry
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Geochemistry of Hydrothermal Ore Deposits

Author: Hubert Lloyd Barnes

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471571445

Category: Science

Page: 972

View: 3634

This thoroughly revised and expanded new edition incorporates the most recent research findings on the subject, such as the discovery of dramatic undersea hydrothermal vents. It describes the key process in the generation of ore deposits and emphasizes solid theoretical understanding.
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Geochemistry for everyone

Author: Aleksandr Evgenʹevich Fersman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 453

View: 755

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Archaean Geochemistry

Proceedings of the Symposium on Archaean Geochemistry: the Origin and Evolution of Archaean Continental Crust, held in Hyderabad, India, November 15-19, 1977

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080869001

Category: Science

Page: 403

View: 9483

Archaean Geochemistry
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Nuclear Geochemistry

Author: Titayeva

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849375453

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 472

Nuclear Geochemistry discusses the differentiation of genesis radionuclides including cosmogenic, antropogenic, and initial natural radionuclides. The book focuses on geochemistry of the radionuclides and their use in tracing geological processes such as crust-mantle interaction, exogenic processes, natural and antropogenic radiation environment, the nuclear environment, geochronology, thermal regime of the earth, rock mineral and mineral deposits genesis, and the radiometric prospecting mineral deposits. The book will benefit geochemists, geologists, and ecologists.
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The Oceans and Marine Geochemistry

Author: H. Elderfield

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080451015

Category: Science

Page: 646

View: 8962

The Treatise on Geochemistry is the first work providing a comprehensive, integrated summary of the present state of geochemistry. It deals with all the major subjects in the field, ranging from the chemistry of the solar system to environmental geochemistry. The Treatise on Geochemistry has drawn on the expertise of outstanding scientists throughout the world, creating the reference work in geochemistry for the next decade. Each volume consists of fifteen to twenty-five chapters written by recognized authorities in their fields, and chosen by the Volume Editors in consultation with the Executive Editors. Particular emphasis has been placed on integrating the subject matter of the individual chapters and volumes. Elsevier also offers the Treatise on Geochemistry in electronic format via the online platform ScienceDirect, the most comprehensive database of academic research on the Internet today, enhanced by a suite of sophisticated linking, searching and retrieval tools.
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