Geochemistry

Author: William M. White

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118485270

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 9215

This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the field ofgeochemistry. The book first lays out the ‘geochemicaltoolbox’: the basic principles and techniques of moderngeochemistry, beginning with a review of thermodynamics andkinetics as they apply to the Earth and its environs. These basicconcepts are then applied to understanding processes in aqueoussystems and the behavior of trace elements in magmaticsystems. Subsequent chapters introduce radiogenic and stableisotope geochemistry and illustrate their application to suchdiverse topics as determining geologic time, ancient climates, andthe diets of prehistoric peoples. The focus then broadens to theformation of the solar system, the Earth, and the elementsthemselves. Then the composition of the Earth itself becomes thetopic, examining the composition of the core, the mantle, and thecrust and exploring how this structure originated. A final chaptercovers organic chemistry, including the origin of fossil fuels andthe carbon cycle’s role in controlling Earth’s climate,both in the geologic past and the rapidly changing present. Geochemistry is essential reading for all earth sciencestudents, as well as for researchers and appliedscientists who require an introduction to the essentialtheory of geochemistry, and a survey of its applications in theearth and environmental sciences. Additional resources can be found at: ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/white/geochemistry"www.wiley.com/go/white/geochemistry/a
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Geochemistry

An Introduction

Author: Francis Albarède

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107268885

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 5656

Introducing the essentials of modern geochemistry for students across the Earth and environmental sciences, this new edition emphasises the general principles of this central discipline. Focusing on inorganic chemistry, Francis Albarède's refreshing approach is brought to topics that range from measuring geological time to the understanding of climate change. The author leads the student through the necessary mathematics to understand the quantitative aspects of the subject in an easily understandable manner. The early chapters cover the principles and methods of physics and chemistry that underlie geochemistry, to build the students' understanding of concepts such as isotopes, fractionation, and mixing. These are then applied across many of the environments on Earth, including the solid Earth, rivers, and climate, and then extended to processes on other planets. Three new chapters have been added – on stable isotopes, biogeochemistry, and environmental geochemistry. End-of-chapter student exercises, with solutions available online, are also included.
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Environmental Geochemistry

Author: Barbara Sherwood Lollar

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080446431

Category: Science

Page: 630

View: 960

The Treatise on Geochemistry is the first work providing a comprehensive, integrated summary of the present state of geochemistry. It deals with all the major subjects in the field, ranging from the chemistry of the solar system to environmental geochemistry. The Treatise on Geochemistry has drawn on the expertise of outstanding scientists throughout the world, creating the reference work in geochemistry for the next decade. Each volume consists of fifteen to twenty-five chapters written by recognized authorities in their fields, and chosen by the Volume Editors in consultation with the Executive Editors. Particular emphasis has been placed on integrating the subject matter of the individual chapters and volumes. Elsevier also offers the Treatise on Geochemistry in electronic format via the online platform ScienceDirect, the most comprehensive database of academic research on the Internet today, enhanced by a suite of sophisticated linking, searching and retrieval tools.
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Isotope Geochemistry

Author: William M. White

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470656700

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 3671

This book provides a comprehensive introduction to radiogenic and stable isotope geochemistry. Beginning with a brief overview of nuclear physics and nuclear origins, it then reviews radioactive decay schemes and their use in geochronology. A following chapter covers the closely related techniques such as fission-track and carbon-14 dating. Subsequent chapters cover nucleosynthetic anomalies in meteorites and early solar system chronology and the use of radiogenic isotopes in understanding the evolution of the Earth's mantle, crust, and oceans. Attention then turns to stable isotopes and after reviewing the basic principles involved, the book explores their use in topics as diverse as mantle evolution, archeology and paleontology, ore formation, and, particularly, paleoclimatology. A following chapter explores recent developments including unconventional stable isotopes, mass-independent fractionation, and isotopic 'clumping'. The final chapter reviews the isotopic variation in the noble gases, which result from both radioactive decay and chemical fractionations.
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Readings from the Treatise on Geochemistry

Author: Heinrich D Holland,Karl K. Turekian

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123813923

Category: Science

Page: 680

View: 2611

Readings from the Treatise on Geochemistry offers an interdisciplinary reference for scientists, researchers and upper undergraduate and graduate level geochemistry students that is more affordable than the full Treatise. For professionals, this volume will provide an overview of the field as a whole. For students, it will provide more in-depth introductory content than is found in broad-based geochemistry textbooks. Articles were selected from chapters across all volumes of the full Treatise, and include: The Origin and Earliest History of the Earth, Compositional Evolution of the Mantle, Evolution of Sedimentary Rocks, Soil Formation, Geochemistry of Groundwater, Geologic History of Seawater, Hydrothermal Processes, and Biogeochemistry of Primary Production in the Sea. Comprehensive, interdisciplinary and authoritative content selected by leading subject experts Robust illustrations, figures and tables Affordably priced sampling of content from the full Treatise on Geochemistry
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Isotope Geochemistry

A derivative of the Treatise on Geochemistry

Author: Heinrich D Holland,Karl K. Turekian

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080967110

Category: Science

Page: 752

View: 4830

After the discovery that elements were commonly composed of isotopes, there developed a range of studies of the variability of isotopic compositions in Earth materials, which was able to add to our understanding of Earth processes and history. This collection of chapters from the Treatise on Geochemistry describes the range of isotopic studies. The chapters are grouped into the following categories: light stable isotopes, radiogenic tracers, noble gases and radioactive tracers. The first three groups depend on mass spectrometric measurements. The section on radioactive tracers employs both radioactive counting techniques and the newly developed accelerator mass spectrometric techniques. Comprehensive, interdisciplinary and authoritative content selected by leading subject experts Robust illustrations, figures and tables Affordably priced sampling of content from the full Treatise on Geochemistry
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Geochemistry for everyone

Author: Aleksandr Evgenʹevich Fersman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 453

View: 1586

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Eh-pH Diagrams for Geochemistry

Author: Douglas G. Brookins

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642730930

Category: Science

Page: 176

View: 3778

At last geochemists are offered one comprehensive reference book which gives the Eh-pH diagrams for 75 elements found in the earth's surface environment, including transuranic and other radioactive species. For each of these newly calculated diagrams short explanatory texts are added. For the first time the primary elements are considered in water with metal, sulfur, carbon, and other species as appropriate. Furthermore, based on these figures and up-to-date thermodynamic data presented in this reference, researchers can predict the behavior of elements in the surface environment. Geoscientists, chemists and environmental agencies will also benefit from several brief texts on the importance of various elements to problems of radioactive waste disposal.
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Concepts and Applications in Environmental Geochemistry

Author: Dibyendu Sarkar,Rupali Datta,Robyn Hannigan

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080549736

Category: Science

Page: 778

View: 3493

This volume is for environmental researchers and government policy makers who are required to monitor environmental quality for their environmental investigators and remediation plans. It uses concepts and applications to aid in the exchange of scientific information across all the environmental science disciplines ranging from geochemistry to hydrogeology and ecology to biotechnology. Focusing on issues such as metals, organics and nutrient contamination of water and soils, and interactions between soil-water-plants-chemicals, the book synthesizes the latest findings in this rapidly-developing, multi-disciplinary field. Cutting-edge environmental analytical methods are also presented, making this a must-have for professionals tasked with monitoring environmental quality. These concepts and applications help in decision making and problem solving in a single resource. *Integrative approach promotes the exchange of scientific information among different disciplines *New concepts and case studies make the text unique among existing resources *Tremendous practical value in environmental quality and remediation with an emphasis on human health and ecological risk assessment
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Data of geochemistry

Author: Geological Survey (U.S.)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Geochemistry

Page: N.A

View: 1116

Posted in Geochemistry

Geochemistry

Pathways and Processes

Author: Harry Y. McSween,Steven M. Richardson,Maria Uhle

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231509030

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 3153

Written expressly for undergraduate and graduate geologists, this book focuses on how geochemical principles can be used to solve practical problems. The attention to problem-solving reflects the authors'belief that showing how theory is useful in solving real-life problems is vital for learning. The book gives students a thorough grasp of the basic principles of the subject, balancing the traditional equilibrium perspective and the kinetic viewpoint. The first half of the book considers processes in which temperature and pressure are nearly constant. After introductions to the laws of thermodynamics, to fundamental equations for flow and diffusion, and to solution chemistry, these principles are used to investigate diagenesis, weathering, and natural waters. The second half of the book applies thermodynamics and kinetics to systems undergoing changes in temperature and pressure during magmatism and metamorphism. This revised edition incorporates new geochemical discoveries as examples of processes and pathways, with new chapters on mineral structure and bonding and on organic matter and biomarkers. Each chapter has worked problems, and the authors assume that the student has had a year of college-level chemistry and a year of calculus. Praise for the first edition "A truly modern geochemistry book.... Very well written and quite enjoyable to read.... An excellent basic text for graduate level instruction in geochemistry." —Journal of Geological Education "An up-to-date, broadly conceived introduction to geochemistry.... Given the recent flowering of geochemistry as an interdisciplinary science, and given the extent to which it now draws upon the fundamentals of thermodynamics and kinetics to understand earth and planetary processes, this timely and rigorous [book] is welcome indeed." —Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
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Geochemistry of Hydrothermal Ore Deposits

Author: Hubert Lloyd Barnes

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471571445

Category: Science

Page: 972

View: 2421

This thoroughly revised and expanded new edition incorporates the most recent research findings on the subject, such as the discovery of dramatic undersea hydrothermal vents. It describes the key process in the generation of ore deposits and emphasizes solid theoretical understanding.
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Rare Earth Element Geochemistry

Author: P. Henderson

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 148328977X

Category: Science

Page: 510

View: 3400

Developments in Geochemistry, Volume 2: Rare Earth Element Geochemistry presents the remarkable developments in the chemistry and geochemistry of the rare earth elements. This book discusses the analytical techniques and the recognition that rare earth fractionation occurs naturally in different ways. Organized into 13 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the wide array of types and sizes of the cation coordination polyhedral in rock-forming minerals. This text then examines the application of rare earth element abundances to petrogenetic problems that has centered on the evolution of igneous rocks. Other chapters consider the matching of observed rare earth element abundances with those provided by the theoretical modeling of petrogenetic processes. This book discusses as well the hypotheses on the genesis of a rock or mineral suite. The final chapter deals with the principal analytical methods. This book is a valuable resource for undergraduates, lecturers, and researchers who study petrology and geochemistry.
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Geochemistry of Clay-Pore Fluid Interactions

Author: D.A.C. Manning,P.L. Hall,C.R. Hughes

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 427

View: 6030

30% discount for members of The Mineralogical Society of Britain and Ireland This book contains review papers covering such issues as the geometrical characterization of porous solids and particle aggregates using synchroton radiation techniques. A review of the phenomenon of overpressuring primal global distribution of clay minerals, and the use of clays as barriers in waste disposal are also included.
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Essentials of Geochemistry

Author: John V. Walther

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1449660355

Category: Science

Page: 797

View: 5612

Updated throughout with the latest data and findings, the Second Edition of Essentials of Geochemistry provides students with a solid understanding of the fundamentals of and approaches to modern geochemical analysis. The text uses a concepts of chemical equilibrium approach, which considers the reactions that occur as a result of changes in heat production and pressure within the Earth to introduce students to the basic geochemical principles. This text is for those who want a quantitative treatment that integrates the principles of thermodynamics, solution chemistry, and kinetics into the study of earth processes. This timely text contains numerous examples and problems sets which use SUPCRT92 to allow students to test their understanding of thermodynamic theory and maximize their comprehension of this prominent field. New sections introduce current “hot” topics such as global geochemical change with the short and long term carbon cycle, carbon isotopes and the Permo-Triassic extinction event, kinetics and the origin of life and the use of boron and nitrogen isotopes.
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The Geochemistry of Natural Waters

Surface and Groundwater Environments

Author: James I. Drever

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 436

View: 6650

An examination of both theoretical and practical approaches to the geochemistry of natural waters with a more tightly focused emphasis on fresh-water environments. The third edition focuses more on environmental issues than the previous edition, reflecting the importance on environmental geochemistry as a result of increased environmental awareness and regulatory requirements. Prepares readers to interpret the probable cause of a particular water composition and to predict the probable water chemistry in those situations where data do not exist.
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Geophysics and geochemistry at the millenium

proceedings of Exploration 97 : fourth decennial international conference on mineral exploration

Author: Prospectors and Developers Association

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1068

View: 4598

Posted in Technology & Engineering

Geochemistry of Sedimentary Carbonates

Author: J.W. Morse,F.T. Mackenzie

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080869629

Category: Science

Page: 706

View: 9490

This book covers the more basic aspects of carbonate minerals and their interaction with aqueous solutions; modern marine carbonate formation and sediments; carbonate diagenesis (early marine, meteoric and burial); the global cycle of carbon and human intervention; and the role of sedimentary carbonates as indicators of stability and changes in the Earth's surface environment. The selected subjects are presented with sufficient background information to enable the non-specialist to understand the basic chemistry involved. Tested on classes taught by the authors, and approved by the students, this comprehensive volume will prove itself to be a valuable reference source to students, researchers and professionals in the fields of oceanography, geochemistry, petrology, environmental science and petroleum geology.
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