Genome Mapping and Genomics in Domestic Animals

Author: Noelle E. Cockett,Chittaranjan Kole

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540738355

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 4810

Genomics research on animals has generated huge databases and several new concepts and strategies, which are used to elucidate origin, evolution and phylogeny of species. Genetic and physical maps of genomes give details on chromosomal location, function, expression and regulation of genes. The series Genome Mapping and Genomics in Animals provides comprehensive and up-to-date reviews on genomic research on selected animal systems contributed by leading scientists from around the world. This volume offers information on gene mapping and genomics research in domesticated and farmed animals including cattle, water buffalo, sheep, deer, poultry, turkeys, rabbits, dogs and pigs. While the genome maps for some species are very limited, full genome sequences are available for cattle, chickens and dogs. Genomic research contributes to the identification of genetic regions that control the functionality and well-being of animals. Several farmed species are also used as models for biomedical studies.
Posted in Science

Genome Mapping and Genomics in Fishes and Aquatic Animals

Author: Thomas D. Kocher,Chittaranjan Kole

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540738371

Category: Science

Page: 180

View: 6541

Mapping of animal genomes has generated huge databases and several new concepts and strategies, which are useful to elucidate origin, evolution and phylogeny. Genetic and physical maps of genomes further provide precise details on chromosomal location, function, expression and regulation of academically and economically important genes. The series Genome Mapping and Genomics in Animals provides comprehensive and up-to-date reviews on genomic research on a large variety of selected animal systems, contributed by leading scientists from around the world. This volume summarizes the first era of genomic studies of aquaculture species, in which the tools and resources necessary to support whole-genome sequencing were developed. These tools will enhance efforts toward selective breeding of aquaculture species. Included in this volume are summaries of work on salmonids, cyprinids, catfish, tilapias, European sea bass, Japanese flounder, shrimps and oysters.
Posted in Science

Genomic Selection in Animals

Author: Joel Weller

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470960078

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 9210

The field of whole genome selection has quickly developed into the breeding methodology of the future. As efforts to map a wide variety of animal genomes have matured and full animal genomes are now available for many animal scientists and breeders are looking to apply these techniques to livestock production. Providing a comprehensive, forward-looking review of animal genomics, Genomic Selection in Animals provides coverage of genomic selection in a variety of economically important species including cattle, swine, and poultry. The historical foundations of genomic selection are followed by chapters that review and assess current techniques. The final chapter looks toward the future and what lies ahead for field as application of genomic selection becomes more widespread. A concise, useful summary of the field by one of the world’s leading researchers, Genomic Selection in Animals fills an important gap in the literature of animal breeding and genomics.
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Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals

Chapter 7. Behavior Genetics of the Horse (Equus caballus)

Author: Mark J. Deesing,Temple Grandin

Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters

ISBN: 0128059982

Category: Medical

Page: 496

View: 7471

Since the late 1990s there has been a substantial increase in horse behavior genetics research. This chapter reviews recent work in molecular genetics, pre-and postnatal effects on behavior, the relationship between hair whorls and temperament, and lateralization in the nervous system. These factors are critical to understanding individual differences. Advancements in molecular genetics have identified genes associated with novelty seeking and gaited horse traits. Foal “imprint” training procedures are reviewed, and a gentle method for training foals is presented. Finding appropriate methods for reducing fearfulness in horses has important practical implications. High hair whorls are associated with reactivity, but differences are less apparent in calm breeds. Behavioral asymmetry is a fundamental feature of animal brains. Left-eye systems control avoidance behavior and right-eye systems control approach behaviors. An understanding of the cognitive and perceptual abilities is necessary to ensure horses receive proper training, handling, management, and care.
Posted in Medical

Bovine Genomics

Author: James Womack

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0813821223

Category: Medical

Page: 271

View: 8126

The genetic information being unlocked by advances in genomic and high throughput technologies is rapidly revolutionizing our understanding of developmental processes in bovine species. This information is allowing researchers unprecedented insight into the genetic basis of key traits. Bovine Genomics is the first book to bring together and synthesize the information learned through the bovine genome sequencing project and look at its practical application to cattle and dairy production. Bovine Genomics opens with foundational chapters on the domestication of cattle and traditional Mendelian genetics. Building on these chapters, coverage rapidly moves to quantitative genetics and the advances of whole genome technologies. Significant coverage is given to such topics as epigenetics, mapping quantitative trail loci, genome-wide association studies and genomic selection in cattle breeding. The book is a valuable synthesis of the field written by a global team of leading researchers. Providing wide-ranging coverage of the topic, Bovine Genomic, is an essential guide to the field. The basic and applied science will be of use to researchers, breeders, and advanced students.
Posted in Medical

Exploring Horizons for Domestic Animal Genomics:

Workshop Summary

Author: Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Kim Waddell,Robert Pool,National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309086949

Category: Science

Page: 54

View: 1660

Recognizing the important contributions that genomic analysis can make to agriculture, production and companion animal science, evolutionary biology, and human health with respect to the creation of models for genetic disorders, the National Academies convened a group of individuals to plan a public workshop that would: (1) assess these contributions; (2) identify potential research directions for existing genomics programs; and (3) highlight the opportunities of a coordinated, multi-species genomics effort for the science and policymaking communities. Their efforts culminated in a workshop sponsored by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, and the National Institutes of Health. The workshop was convened on February 19, 2002. The goal of the workshop was to focus on domestic animal genomics and its integration with other genomics and functional genomics projects.
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Molecular and Quantitative Animal Genetics

Author: Hasan Khatib

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118677404

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 3681

"Animal genetics is a central topic in upper-level animal science programs. Filling a void in existing literature on animal science, Animal Genetics introduces genetic principles and presents their application in production and companion animals. The book details population and quantitative genetics, epigenetics, biotechnology, and breeding among other topics. Useful in upper-level studies, Animal Genetics is an irreplaceable educational resource"--Provided by publisher.
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Clinical Biochemistry of Domestic Animals

Author: J. J. Kaneko,C. E. Cornelius

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 1483274179

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 456

View: 5169

Clinical Biochemistry of Domestic Animals, Second Edition, Volume I, is a major revision of the first edition prompted by the marked expansion of knowledge in the clinical biochemistry of animals. In keeping with this expansion of knowledge, this edition is comprised of two volumes. Chapters on the pancreas, thyroid, and pituitary-adrenal systems have been separated and entirely rewritten. Completely new chapters on muscle metabolism, iron metabolism, blood clotting, and gastrointestinal function have been added. All the chapters of the first edition have been revised with pertinent new information, and many have been completely rewritten. This volume contains 10 chapters and opens with a discussion of carbohydrate metabolism and associated disorders. Separate chapters follow on lipid metabolism, plasma proteins, and porphyrins. Subsequent chapters deal with liver, pancreatic, and thyroid functions; the role of the pituitary and adrenal glands in health and disease; the function of calcium, inorganic phosphorus, and magnesium metabolism in health and disease; and iron metabolism.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Genome Mapping and Genomics in Fishes and Aquatic Animals

Author: Thomas D. Kocher,Chittaranjan Kole

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540738371

Category: Science

Page: 180

View: 7588

Mapping of animal genomes has generated huge databases and several new concepts and strategies, which are useful to elucidate origin, evolution and phylogeny. Genetic and physical maps of genomes further provide precise details on chromosomal location, function, expression and regulation of academically and economically important genes. The series Genome Mapping and Genomics in Animals provides comprehensive and up-to-date reviews on genomic research on a large variety of selected animal systems, contributed by leading scientists from around the world. This volume summarizes the first era of genomic studies of aquaculture species, in which the tools and resources necessary to support whole-genome sequencing were developed. These tools will enhance efforts toward selective breeding of aquaculture species. Included in this volume are summaries of work on salmonids, cyprinids, catfish, tilapias, European sea bass, Japanese flounder, shrimps and oysters.
Posted in Science

Mammalian Genomics

Author: Anatoly Ruvinsky,Jennifer A. Marshall Graves

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 0851999107

Category: Science

Page: 600

View: 5500

Organization of the Mammalian Genome; Linkage mapping ; Mapping genomes at the chromosome leveI ; Mapping genomes at the molecular level ; DNA sequence of the human and other mammalian genomes; Expression of the Mammalian Genomes ; The transcriptome ; The proteome ; The epigenome: epigenetic reguIation of gene expression in mammalian species ; Regulation of genome activity and genetic networks in mammals ; Inducing alterations in the mammalian genome for investigating the functions : of genes ; Evolution of the Mammalian Genome ; O A comparative analysis of mammalian genomics: prokaryote and eukaryote perspectives ; Elements and mechanisms of genome change ; DNA sequence evolution and phylogenetic footprinting ; Evolution of the mammalian karyotype ; Compara tive gene mapping, chromosome painting and the reconstruction of the ancestral mammalian karyotype ; Genome Analysis and Bioinformatics ; Bioinformatics: from computational analysis through to integrated systems ; Genetic databases ; Gene predictions and annotations ; The Fruits of Mammalian Genomics ; Genomic research and progress in understanding inherited disorders in humans and other mammals ; Pharmacogenomics ; O Genome scanning for quantitative trait loci ; Mammalian popuIation genetics and genomics.
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Genome Mapping and Genomics in Animal-Associated Microbes

Author: Nene Vishvanath,Chittaranjan Kole

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540740422

Category: Science

Page: 237

View: 8627

Achievements and progress in genome mapping and the genomics of microbes supersede by far those for higher plants and animals, in part due to their enormous economic implication but also smaller genome size. In the post-genomic era, whole genome sequences of animal-associated microbes are providing clues to depicting the genetic basis of the complex host-pathogen relationships and the evolution of parasitism; and to improving methods of controlling pathogens. This volume focuses on a globally important group of intracellular prokaryotic pathogens which affect livestock animals. These include Brucella, Mycobacterium, Anaplasma and Ehrlichia, as well as the protozoan pathogens Cryptosporidium and Theileria, for which genome sequence data is available. Insights from comparative genomics of the microbes described provide clues to the adaptation involved in host-microbe interactions, as well as resources potentially useful for application in future research and product development.
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Reproductive Genomics in Domestic Animals

Author: Zhihua Jiang,Troy L. Ott

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470961821

Category: Science

Page: 472

View: 572

Reproductive Genomics in Domestic Animals is a thorough examination of genomics in the livestock industry, encompassing genome sciences, genome biotechnology, and reproduction. Recent developments in molecular genetics and genomics have enabled scientists to identify and characterize genes contributing to the complexity of reproduction in domestic animals, allowing scientists to improve reproductive traits. Providing the livestock industry with essential tools for enhancing reproductive efficiency, Reproductive Genomics in Domestic Animals surveys the current status of reproductive genomes and looks to the future direction of research.
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Salmonella in Domestic Animals

Author: Paul A. Barrow,Ulrich Methner

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1845939026

Category: Medical

Page: 547

View: 2436

Salmonella remains a major cause of economic loss in domestic livestock and human food poisoning worldwide. In the last 10 years there have been major advances in understanding the salmonella organism, meaning a compiled source of the new research is urgently needed. With fully updated chapters and new coverage of genome structure, virulence, vaccine development, molecular methods for epidemiology and exotics, this second edition is an invaluable resource for researchers of animal and human health.
Posted in Medical

Biology of Domestic Animals

Author: Colin G. Scanes,Rodney A. Hill

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351648136

Category: Nature

Page: 370

View: 7106

There is increasing interest in the biology of domestic animals ranging from genomics, transcriptomics, metabolomics, nutritional physiology, and systems biology. This book touches on all of these, with a particular focus on topics such as domestic animals as comparative models to humans, molecular regulation of growth, metabolic efficiency, reproduction, and the impact of stress on growth and development. The book concludes with a discussion on the current and future directions for researchers.
Posted in Nature

Genomes of Plants and Animals

21st Stadler Genetics Symposium

Author: J. Perry Gustafson,R.B. Flavell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489902805

Category: Medical

Page: 320

View: 5292

This volume brings together the disciplines of plant and animal genome research, and serves as an opportunity for scientists from both fields to compare results, problems and prospects.
Posted in Medical

Linear Models for the Prediction of Animal Breeding Values

3rd Edition

Author: Raphael A. Mrode

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1780643918

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 360

View: 9576

The prediction of producing desirable traits in offspring such as increased growth rate, or superior meat, milk and wool production is a vital economic tool to the animal scientist. Summarising the latest developments in genomics relating to animal breeding values and design of breeding programmes, this new edition includes models of survival analysis, social interaction and sire and dam models, as well as advancements in the use of SNPs in the computation of genomic breeding values.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Molecular Geometry of Body Pattern in Birds

Author: Antonio Lima-de-Faria

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642253016

Category: Science

Page: 162

View: 1338

After having read this book you will never see birds in the same way again. The unexpected patterns displayed by a bird’s body have been seen as bizarre events that demanded little attention or were described as ‘amazing curiosities’. None of these surprising features seem to be fortuitous. They appear to be an integral part of a rigid order and a coherent geometry, which is directed by simple gene interactions and molecular cascades occurring at various cellular levels, and at different times, during the organism’s development. A novel geometry unfolds in front of your eyes, giving the body configurations another meaning. Lima-de-Faria is Professor Emeritus of Molecular Cytogenetics at Lund University, Lund, Sweden. This is his sixth book dealing with the molecular organization of the chromosome and its implications for the understanding of the mechanisms responsible for biological evolution.
Posted in Science

Coordination of programs on domestic animal genomics

the federal framework : progress report

Author: National Science and Technology Council (U.S.). Interagency Working Group on Domestic Animal Genomics

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 29

View: 2412

Posted in Science

Animal Biotechnology

Models in Discovery and Translation

Author: Ashish Verma,Anchal Singh

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123914345

Category: Science

Page: 668

View: 3430

Animal Biotechnology introduces applications of animal biotechnology and implications for human health and welfare. It begins with an introduction to animal cell cultures and genome sequencing analysis and provides readers with a review of available cell and molecular tools. Topics here include the use of transgenic animal models, tissue engineering, nanobiotechnology, and proteomics. The book then delivers in-depth examples of applications in human health and prospects for the future, including cytogenetics and molecular genetics, xenografts, and treatment of HIV and cancers. All this is complemented by a discussion of the ethical and safety considerations in the field. Animal biotechnology is a broad field encompassing the polarities of fundamental and applied research, including molecular modeling, gene manipulation, development of diagnostics and vaccines, and manipulation of tissue. Given the tools that are currently available and the translational potential for these studies, animal biotechnology has become one of the most essential subjects for those studying life sciences. Highlights the latest biomedical applications of genetically modified and cloned animals with a focus on cancer and infectious diseases Provides firsthand accounts of the use of biotechnology tools, including molecular markers, stem cells, and tissue engineering
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Utilisation and Conservation of Farm Animal Genetic Resources

Author: Kor Oldenbroek

Publisher: Wageningen Academic Pub

ISBN: 908686032X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 232

View: 5299

This book is intended to give insight into the issues of genetic diversity in livestock systems. The book outlines the applications of population, molecular and quantitative genetics that can be used to take appropriate decisions in utilisation and conservation programmes.
Posted in Technology & Engineering