Gastrointestinal Nematodes of Sheep and Cattle

Biology and Control

Author: Ian Sutherland,Ian Scott

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405185821

Category: Medical

Page: 242

View: 2973

A unique resource for all those interested in the impact of wormson livestock, the anthelmintics used to get rid of them and theemerging problem of anthelmintic resistance. This bookprovides an over-arching view of past, present and suggested futurestrategies for control of gastrointestinal nematode parasites insheep and cattle. The book begins with descriptions of the biology ofgastrointestinal nematodes, the harm they cause to the host andtheir economic impact. The main body of the book deals withthe control of worms, focusing on the use of anthelmintic drenches.The relationship between drenching practices and the development ofdrug resistance is discussed, as well as resistance management. Theauthors also break new ground by discussing alternative options forworm control, including: nutritional interventions, biologicalcontrol, breeding for desirable genetics and artificially improvingimmunity to infection. They also offer useful recommendations forprogram development.
Posted in Medical

Haemonchus Contortus and Haemonchosis – Past, Present and Future Trends

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128103965

Category: Science

Page: 682

View: 5169

Haemonchus Contortus and Haemonchosis – Past, Present and Future Trends, the latest in the Advances in Parasitology series first published in 1963, contains comprehensive and up-to-date reviews on all areas of interest in contemporary parasitology. The series includes medical studies of parasites of major influence, such as Plasmodium falciparum and trypanosomes. The series also contains reviews of more traditional areas, such as zoology, taxonomy, and life history, which help to shape current thinking and applications. The 2014 impact factor is 6.226. Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field of parasitology Contains contributions from leading authorities and industry experts
Posted in Science

Veterinary Medicine

A textbook of the diseases of cattle, horses, sheep, pigs and goats

Author: Peter D. Constable,Kenneth W Hinchcliff,Stanley H. Done,Walter Gruenberg

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702070580

Category: Medical

Page: 2278

View: 720

Treat the diseases affecting large animals! Veterinary Medicine, 11th Edition provides up-to-date information on the diseases of horses, cattle, sheep, goats, and pigs. Comprehensive coverage includes the principles of clinical examination and making a diagnosis, along with specific therapy recommendations. For easier use, this edition has been divided into two volumes and restructured into a logical, anatomically based approach to disease. From internationally known veterinary experts Peter Constable, Kenneth Hinchcliff, Stanley Done, and Walter Grünberg, this book is the definitive, one-stop reference for farm animal and equine care. Comprehensive coverage includes information essential to any large-animal veterinarian, especially those working with horses, cattle, sheep, goats, or pigs. Coverage of diseases addresses major large-animal diseases of all countries, including foreign animal and emerging diseases. User-friendly format makes it easier to quickly absorb key information. Quick review/synopsis sections make important information on complex diseases easy to find. NEW! Convenient, easy-access format is organized by organ systems, and divides the content into two compact volumes with the same authoritative coverage. Nearly 200 new color photographs and line drawings are included in this edition. NEW full-color design improves navigation, clarifies subject headings, and includes more boxes, tables, and charts for faster reference. New Diseases Primarily Affecting the Reproductive System chapter is added. Updated and expanded chapter on pharmacotherapy lists therapeutic interventions and offers treatment boxes and principles of antibiotic use. Expanded sections on herd health include biosecurity and infection control, and valuable Strength of Evidence boxes. NEW or extensively revised sections include topics such as the Schmallenberg and Bluetongue viral epidemics of ruminants in Europe, Wesselbron disease in cattle, hypokalemia in adult cattle, equine multinodular pulmonary fibrosis, Hendra virus infection, porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome, torque teno virus, and numerous recently identified congenital and inherited disorders of large animals. Additional content is provided on lameness in cattle and the diseases of cervids.
Posted in Medical

Antimicrobial Drug Resistance

Clinical and Epidemiological Aspects

Author: Douglas L. Mayers,Jack D. Sobel,Marc Ouellette,Keith S. Kaye,Dror Marchaim

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319472666

Category: Medical

Page: 855

View: 8291

The two volumes included in Antimicrobial Drug Resistance, Second Edition is an updated, comprehensive and multidisciplinary reference covering the area of antimicrobial drug resistance in bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites from basic science, clinical, and epidemiological perspectives. This newly revised compendium reviews the most current research and development on drug resistance while still providing the information in the accessible format of the first edition. The first volume, Antimicrobial Drug Resistance: Mechanisms of Drug Resistance, is dedicated to the biological basis of drug resistance and effective avenues for drug development. With the emergence of more drug-resistant organisms, the approach to dealing with the drug resistance problem must include the research of different aspects of the mechanisms of bacterial resistance and the dissemination of resistance genes as well as research utilizing new genomic information. These approaches will permit the design of novel strategies to develop new antibiotics and preserve the effectiveness of those currently available. The second volume, Antimicrobial Drug Resistance: Clinical and Epidemiological Aspects, is devoted to the clinical aspects of drug resistance. Although there is evidence that restricted use of a specific antibiotic can be followed by a decrease in drug resistance to that agent, drug resistance control is not easily achieved. Thus, the infectious diseases physician requires input from the clinical microbiologist, antimicrobial stewardship personnel, and infection control specialist to make informed choices for the effective management of various strains of drug-resistant pathogens in individual patients. This 2-volume set is an important reference for students in microbiology, infectious diseases physicians, medical students, basic scientists, drug development researchers, microbiologists, epidemiologists, and public health practitioners.
Posted in Medical

The Epidemiology and control of gastrointestinal parasites of sheep in Australia

Author: A. D. Donald,W. H. Southcott,J. K. Dineen,Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (Australia). Division of Animal Health

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 153

View: 6304

Posted in Medical

Biological Control of Gastrointestinal Nematodes of Ruminants Using Predacious Fungi

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251041093

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 94

View: 5267

Gastro-intestinal nematode parasitism is one of the most important disease constraints to small ruminant production in the sub-tropics and tropics control of the gastro-intestinal nematodes particularly Haemonchus contortus and Trichostrongylus species is a prerequisite for profitable small ruminant production. Strategies for the control have up till now relied almost entirely on the use of anthelmintics. The frequent use, often combined with mismanagement of the drugs, have led to wide-spread resistance of the parasites to one or more of the major groups of anthelmintics. There is, therefore, an urgent need for developing alternative sustainable strategies. These include grazing management, breeding for resistance/resilience, better utilization of existing drugs through the understanding of the pharmacokinetics and the use of predacious fungi for biological control of the nematode parasite larvae on pasture. FAO in collaboration with the Danish Centre for Experimental Parasitology and the Veterinary Research Institute in Ipoh, Malaysia organized a workshop on Biological Control of Gastro-Intestinal Nematodes of Ruminants Using Predacious Fungi held 5 - 12 October 1997 in Ipoh, Malaysia. Fourteen participants from 10 countries received theoretical and practical training in the isolation, identification and cultivation of predacious fungi enabling them to utilize biological control of parasitic nematodes of ruminants in the future.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Practical Atlas of Ruminant and Camelid Reproductive Ultrasonography

Author: Luc DesCôteaux,Jill Colloton,Giovanni Gnemmi

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780813808079

Category: Medical

Page: 244

View: 4775

Practical Atlas of Ruminant and Camelid Reproductive Ultrasonography is a practical, fully referenced, image-based guide to the essential concepts of reproductive ultrasound in domesticated ruminants and camelids. Providing information to enable practitioners to incorporate ultrasound service into their practices, the book also includes more specialized information for advanced techniques such as fetal sexing, embryo transfer, color Doppler, and others. Practical Atlas of Ruminant and Camelid Reproductive Ultrasonography is a must-have reference for ruminant and camelid practitioners, instructors, and students.
Posted in Medical

Parasitic Helminths

Targets, Screens, Drugs and Vaccines

Author: Conor R. Caffrey

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527652949

Category: Medical

Page: 540

View: 9716

This third volume in the successful 'Drug Discovery in Infectious Diseases' series is the first to deal with drug discovery in helminthic infections in human and animals. The result is a broad overview of different drug target evaluation methods, including specific examples of successful drug development against helminthes, and with a whole section devoted to vaccine development. With its well-balanced mix of high-profile contributors from academia and industry, this handbook and reference will appeal to a wide audience, including parasitologists, pharmaceutical industry, epidemiologists, and veterinary scientists.
Posted in Medical

Handbook of Organic Food Safety and Quality

Author: J Cooper,C Leifert,U Niggli

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1845693418

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 544

View: 4878

Due to increasing consumer demand for safe, high quality, ethical foods, the production and consumption of organic food and produce has increased rapidly over the past two decades. In recent years the safety and quality of organic foods has been questioned. If consumer confidence and demand in the industry is to remain high, the safety, quality and health benefits of organic foods must be assured. With its distinguished editor and team of top international contributors, Handbook of organic food safety and quality provides a comprehensive review of the latest research in the area. Part one provides an introduction to basic quality and safety with chapters on factors affecting the nutritional quality of foods, quality assurance and consumer expectations. Part two discusses the primary quality and safety issues related to the production of organic livestock foods including the effects of feeding regimes and husbandry on dairy products, poultry and pork. Further chapters discuss methods to control and reduce infections and parasites in livestock. Part three covers the main quality and safety issues concerning the production of organic crop foods, such as agronomic methods used in crop production and their effects on nutritional and sensory quality, as well as their potential health impacts. The final part of the book focuses on assuring quality and safety throughout the food chain. Chapters focus on post-harvest strategies to reduce contamination of food and produce, and ethical issues such as fair trade products. The final chapters conclude by reviewing quality assurance strategies relating to specific organic food sectors. The Handbook of organic food quality and safety is a standard reference for professionals and producers within the industry concerned with improving and assuring the quality and safety of organic foods. Improve the safety, quality and health benefits of organic foods Discusses the latest research findings in this area Focuses on assuring quality and safety throughout the food chain
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Helminthology

Author: Nirmalendu Chowdhury,Isao Tada

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783642788406

Category: Medical

Page: 373

View: 8542

Study of parasitology, like any other branch of biological science, has in recent years been increasingly revealing and rewarding with enrichment and embellishment by basic sciences, specially with application of spectacular advances in molecular biology and biotechnology. Such a fruitful fusion of more than one discipline has now come to characterise more than ever before our approach to the subject. This volume of helminthology with contributions from a galaxy of distinguished scientists in specific areas, bears an eloquent testimony to the gratifying yield that accrues from cross fertilisation of multiple disciplines and able support from basic sciences. Matazoan parasites, helminths, living in more than one host in different stages of development, present an intricate spectrum of host-parasite relationship, which has evolved through diverse frame and flow of ecologic circumstances. The situation is further complicated, as elaborated here, by genotypic and phenotypic variations, which profoundly influence the dynamic interaction between hosts and parasites and determine consequently survival and propagation of the latter. Indeed, one of the important messages upheld in this book is that genetic endowment of parasites plays a pivotal role in their immunogenicity, pathogenicity, response to variable environmental composition, including drug response and also their transmission dynamics and epidemiology. Evolution of parasitic helminths with concomitant physiologic and morphologic alterations have been traced from free-living stage to development of host-specificity of different degrees and parasitic speciation.
Posted in Medical

Sheep & Goat Medicine - E-Book

Author: David G. Pugh,N. (Nickie) Baird

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1437723543

Category: Medical

Page: 640

View: 762

Authoritative yet easy to read, Sheep and Goat Medicine, 2nd Edition covers all the latest advances in sheep and goat medicine, including medical treatment, surgery, theriogenology, and nutrition. Full-color photographs and clear instructions provide the answers you need, guiding you through common procedures and techniques such as restraint for examination, administration of drugs, blood collection, and grooming; these descriptions are often accompanied by explanatory diagrams and charts. With diseases, surgeries, and treatments organized by body system, information is always easy to find. New to this edition are chapters on parasite control, nutritional requirements, and performing a necropsy. Developed by Dr. D.G. Pugh, a world-renowned expert on the medical care of sheep and goats, this reference is unmatched for its comprehensive coverage of herd health, physical examination, anesthesia, and multisystem diseases. Clear writing style makes the book useful and easy to understand, even for sheep and/or goat owners who are not veterinarians. Both surgery and medicine are covered in each body systems chapter, so it's easier to choose between treatment options for specific disorders. Superbly illustrated surgical procedures clearly demonstrate the steps to follow in performing surgical procedures. An explanation of the differences in normal behavior between sheep and goats shows how they are not the same, and require different methods of treatment. A consistent, logical format in each body systems chapter makes information easy to find by beginning with physical examination and diagnostic procedures, followed by discussions of common diseases that involve the system. Consistent headings include pathogenesis, clinical signs, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. A comprehensive nutrition chapter covers diet evaluation, method of balancing rations, total parenteral nutrition, and examples of nutritious diets. Practical formulas are included for making sodium sulfite for testing passive transfer, and Sheather's solution for fecal flotation. Useful appendixes summarize essential information on drugs and drug dosages, fluid therapy, and normal values and conversions. A diverse, authoritative panel of contributors provides current information on the care of valuable breeding stock as well as pets. Full-color photographs and graphics accurately depict conditions and procedures. New Fluid Therapy and Nutritional Support chapter covers emergency and critical care essential to the care of sheep and goats. New Gastrointestinal Parasitism chapter covers treatments for parasites, key to the successful management of all flocks. New Necropsy chapter helps you prevent disease outbreaks in a flock by determining the cause of death.
Posted in Medical

Ivermectin and Abamectin

Author: William C. Campbell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461236266

Category: Medical

Page: 363

View: 8828

Ivermectin and abamectin, members of the avermectin family of compounds, were introduced to the market in the 1980's as a veterinary antiparasitic drug and agricultural pesticide, respectively. Their acceptance and commercial success have been remarkable; both are highly effective and in worldwide use. The efficacy of ivermectin in river blindness has expanded the interest in its use in human medicine. In response to the intense scientific and industrial interest in ivermectin and abamectin and the likelihood that they will be forerunners of an expanding family of drugs, this comprehensive monograph satisfies the need for a review and synthesis of current knowledge about the use of these substances in crop protection as well as in cattle, sheep, swine, horses, dogs, cats, birds, fish, reptiles, and in man. This overview presents chemical, biochemical, and microbiological data, as well as pharmacological, safety, and environmental aspects and covers practical use of the compounds as antiparasitic and pesticide agents, as well as the available safety data that have emerged from the clinical experience with human applications.
Posted in Medical

Animal Health and Welfare in Organic Agriculture

Author: Mette Vaarst,V. Lund,S. Roderick,W. Lockeretz

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9780851998701

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 448

View: 4421

Annotation. The rapid growth of organic farming has been among the most remarkable changes in global agriculture in recent decades. However, more attention was initially aid to the crop side of organic systems, and animals are a lower priority in formal research and the development of organic farming. But now, that has changed. There is now greater recognition of the need to understand animal health and welfare better. The purpose of this book is to further the understanding of organic animal husbandry and to demonstrate practical solutions and innovative methods, drawing mainly on research and practical experience with organic farming in Europe.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Principles of Veterinary Parasitology

Author: Dennis Jacobs,Mark Fox,Lynda Gibbons,Carlos Hermosilla

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118977432

Category: Medical

Page: 312

View: 8011

Principles of Veterinary Parasitology is a student-friendly introduction to veterinary parasitology. Written primarily to meet the immediate needs of veterinary students, this textbook outlines the essential parasitological knowledge needed to underpin clinical practice. Conceptual relationships between parasitic organisms, their biology and the diseases they cause are clearly illustrated. Help boxes and practical tips are included throughout alongside a wealth of colour photographs, drawings and life-cycle diagrams. Organised taxonomically with additional host-orientated chapters and focussing on parasites that commonly cause animal or zoonotic disease, welfare problems or economic losses, students worldwide will benefit from this straightforward and easy to comprehend introduction to veterinary parasitology. Key features include: An easy to navigate textbook, providing information essential for clinical studies Full colour throughout, with photographs, diagrams, life-cycles and help boxes for visual learners A companion website including a pronunciation guide, self-assessment questions and further reading lists
Posted in Medical

Veterinary Helminthology

Author: Tibor Kassai

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann Medical

ISBN: 9780750635639

Category: Medical

Page: 260

View: 1603

A practical comprehensive, yet basic guide to helminthology which covers core information on helminth parasites of livestock, companion animals and game as well as humans.
Posted in Medical

Veterinary Entomology

Livestock and Companion Animals

Author: Ralph E. Williams

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 143988319X

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 2552

Livestock production systems and some husbandry practices are prone to producing veterinary important entomological concerns. In addition, various arthropod-borne diseases―such as West Nile and some types of encephalitis―can affect both humans and animals. To circumvent these problems successfully, a solid understanding of veterinary entomology should be the foundation of comprehensive animal-health programs and production management practices. Veterinary Entomology: Livestock and Companion Animals is a comprehensive guide to the recognition, biology, importance, and control of insects and related arthropods that may be encountered in animal husbandry practices and with companion animals. Unlike similar books, this single-authored textbook is focused exclusively on the veterinary aspects of entomology. In 15 highly readable chapters, it addresses the details of livestock/companion animal pest management within the current trends in pest management techniques and available technology such as pest surveillance and detection. Richly illustrated with more than 200 figures and a four-page color insert, the book discusses pertinent information on host–pest relationships, pest control methodology, identification, and biology of important pest groups, emphasizing those arthropods specifically associated with livestock and poultry production systems and those affecting companion animals. Written by a leading entomological expert, this book includes coverage of: Cattle Swine Sheep and goats Poultry Domestic pets Horses Veterinary Entomology: Livestock and Companion Animals is an excellent resource for all those involved with the handling and research of livestock and companion animals, as well as students in entomology, agriculture, and veterinary science.
Posted in Science

Pharmacological Potential of Selected Natural Compounds in the Control of Parasitic Diseases

Author: Gabriela Hrckova,Samuel Velebny

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3709113253

Category: Medical

Page: 125

View: 5316

The natural world with a large number of terrestrial and marine plants and lower organisms is a great source of bioactive compounds historically used as remedies in various diseases. Within the last decade, such compounds became more attractive targets for pharmacologists and the pharmaceutical industry in drug development projects. This volume presents the pharmacological potential of chemically defined natural compounds obtained from plants, fungi, algae and cyanobacteria with antiparasitic activity, that have been tested against various endo-parasitic protozoan and helminth species. Additionally, the advantages of combined therapy using antiparasitic drugs and natural compounds with selected specific activity are reviewed and explained in the context of host pathology and immunosuppression induced by the parasites. The conclusions of this new book give suggestions for further non-empirical drug development and discuss perspectives of alternative approaches to therapy of parasitic diseases. ​
Posted in Medical

Encyclopedia of Agriculture and Food Systems

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080931391

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 464

View: 7195

Encyclopedia of Agriculture and Food Systems, Second Edition addresses important issues by examining topics of global agriculture and food systems that are key to understanding the challenges we face. Questions it addresses include: Will we be able to produce enough food to meet the increasing dietary needs and wants of the additional two billion people expected to inhabit our planet by 2050? Will we be able to meet the need for so much more food while simultaneously reducing adverse environmental effects of today’s agriculture practices? Will we be able to produce the additional food using less land and water than we use now? These are among the most important challenges that face our planet in the coming decades. The broad themes of food systems and people, agriculture and the environment, the science of agriculture, agricultural products, and agricultural production systems are covered in more than 200 separate chapters of this work. The book provides information that serves as the foundation for discussion of the food and environment challenges of the world. An international group of highly respected authors addresses these issues from a global perspective and provides the background, references, and linkages for further exploration of each of topics of this comprehensive work. Addresses important challenges of sustainability and efficiency from a global perspective. Takes a detailed look at the important issues affecting the agricultural and food industries today. Full colour throughout.
Posted in Technology & Engineering