Galileo's Pendulum

Author: Roger G. NEWTON

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674041488

Category: Science

Page: 176

View: 6002

Bored during Mass at the cathedral in Pisa, the seventeen-year-old Galileo regarded the chandelier swinging overhead--and remarked, to his great surprise, that the lamp took as many beats to complete an arc when hardly moving as when it was swinging widely. Galileo's Pendulum tells the story of what this observation meant, and of its profound consequences for science and technology. The principle of the pendulum's swing--a property called isochronism--marks a simple yet fundamental system in nature, one that ties the rhythm of time to the very existence of matter in the universe. Roger Newton sets the stage for Galileo's discovery with a look at biorhythms in living organisms and at early calendars and clocks--contrivances of nature and culture that, however adequate in their time, did not meet the precise requirements of seventeenth-century science and navigation. Galileo's Pendulum recounts the history of the newly evolving time pieces--from marine chronometers to atomic clocks--based on the pendulum as well as other mechanisms employing the same physical principles, and explains the Newtonian science underlying their function. The book ranges nimbly from the sciences of sound and light to the astonishing intersection of the pendulum's oscillations and quantum theory, resulting in new insight into the make-up of the material universe. Covering topics from the invention of time zones to Isaac Newton's equations of motion, from Pythagoras' theory of musical harmony to Michael Faraday's field theory and the development of quantum electrodynamics, Galileo's Pendulum is an authoritative and engaging tour through time of the most basic all-pervading system in the world. Table of Contents: Preface Introduction 1. Biological Timekeeping: The Body's Rhythms 2. The Calendar: Different Drummers 3. Early Clocks: Home-Made Beats 4. The Pendulum Clock: The Beat of Nature 5. Successors: Ubiquitous Timekeeping 6. Isaac Newton: The Physics of the Pendulum 7. Sound and Light: Oscillations Everywhere 8. The Quantum: Oscillators Make Particles Notes References Index Reviews of this book: The range of things that measure time, from living creatures to atomic clocks, brackets Newton's intriguing narrative of time's connections, in the middle of which stands Galileo's famous discovery about pendulums...Science buffs will delight in the links Newton makes in this readable tour of how humanity marks time. --Gilbert Taylor, Booklist
Posted in Science

Galileo's Pendulum

Science, Sexuality, and the Body-Instrument Link

Author: Dusan I. Bjelic

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791486095

Category: Science

Page: 221

View: 9799

Examines the history of science in light of recent theories of sexuality and the body.
Posted in Science

The Pendulum

Scientific, Historical, Philosophical and Educational Perspectives

Author: Michael R. Matthews,Colin F. Gauld,Arthur Stinner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402035265

Category: Science

Page: 542

View: 3317

The pendulum is a universal topic in primary and secondary schools, but its full potential for learning about physics, the nature of science, and the relationships between science, mathematics, technology, society and culture is seldom realised. Contributions to this 32-chapter anthology deal with the science, history, methodology and pedagogy of pendulum motion. There is ample material for the richer and more cross-disciplinary treatment of the pendulum from elementary school to high school, and through to advanced university classes. Scientists will value the studies on the physics of the pendulum; historians will appreciate the detailed treatment of Galileo, Huygens, Newton and Foucault’s pendulum investigations; psychologists and educators will learn from the papers on Piaget; teachers will welcome the many contributions to pendulum pedagogy. All readers will come away with a new awareness of the importance of the pendulum in the foundation and development of modern science; and for its centrality in so many facets of society and culture.
Posted in Science

Time for Science Education

How Teaching the History and Philosophy of Pendulum Motion can Contribute to Science Literacy

Author: Michael R. Matthews

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401139946

Category: Education

Page: 440

View: 3584

The book's argument depends, as do most proposals in education, upon cer tain positions in the philosophy of education. I believe that education should be primarily concerned with developing understanding, with initiation into worth while traditions of intellectual achievement, and with developing capacities for clear, analytic and critical thought. These have been the long-accepted goals of liberal education. In a liberal education, students should come to know and appre ciate a variety of disciplines, know them at an appropriate depth, see the interconnectedness of the disciplines, or the modes of thought, and finally have some critical disposition toward what is being learned, to be genuinely open minded about intellectual things. These liberal goals are contrasted with goals such as professional training, job preparation, promotion of self-esteem, social engineering, entertainment, or countless other putative purposes of schooling that are enunciated by politicians, administrators, and educators. The book's argument might be consistent with other views of education especially ones about the training of specialists (sometimes called a professional view of education)-but the argument fits best with a liberal view of education. The liberal hope has always been that if education is done well, then other per sonal and social goods will follow. The development of informed, critical, and moral capacities is the cornerstone for personal and social achievements.
Posted in Education

The Language God Talks

On Science and Religion

Author: Herman Wouk

Publisher: Little, Brown

ISBN: 031609675X

Category: Religion

Page: 192

View: 6194

"More years ago than I care to reckon up, I met Richard Feynman." So begins THE LANGUAGE GOD TALKS, Herman Wouk's gem on navigating the divide between science and religion. In one rich, compact volume, Wouk draws on stories from his life as well as on key events from the 20th century to address the eternal questions of why we are here, what purpose faith serves, and how scientific fact fits into the picture. He relates wonderful conversations he's had with scientists such as Feynman, Murray Gell-Mann, Freeman Dyson, and Steven Weinberg, and brings to life such pivotal moments as the 1969 moon landing and the Challenger disaster. Brilliantly written, THE LANGUAGE GOD TALKS is a scintillating and lively investigation and a worthy addition to the literature.
Posted in Religion

The pulse of time

Galileo Galilei, the determination of longitude, and the pendulum clock

Author: Silvio A. Bedini

Publisher: Olschki

ISBN: 9788822238566

Category: Antiques & Collectibles

Page: 132

View: 9555

Posted in Antiques & Collectibles

Galileo and the Scientific Revolution

Author: Laura Fermi,Gilberto Bernardini

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486170020

Category: Science

Page: 128

View: 1880

An absorbing account of the origins of modern science as well as a biography, this book places particular emphasis on Galileo's experiments with telescopes and his observations of the sky.
Posted in Science

Reenacting Galileo's Experiments

Rediscovering the Techniques of Seventeenth-century Science

Author: Paolo Palmieri

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 8369

This book explores the innovation methodology---experimental philosophy of Galileo. The author's own methodology consists of identifying framework of dependencies that bond texts within broader traditions and in articulating the consequences of assumption in rendering texts meaningful to historical actors.
Posted in Science

Galileo for Kids

His Life and Ideas, 25 Activities

Author: Richard Panchyk

Publisher: Chicago Review Press

ISBN: 161374188X

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 184

View: 2434

Biography of the man who invented the telescope and proved the earth revolves around the sun. Includes activities.
Posted in Juvenile Nonfiction

Galileo

his science and his significance for the future of man

Author: Albert Di Canzio

Publisher: A D A S I Pub Co

ISBN: 9780964129566

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 389

View: 6973

Are you looking forward to a life less than a century in which you will do mostly mundane things to survive? Would you be more fully developing your talents & interests were it not for preventable historical events? HERE AT LAST IS A READABLE, THOROUGH & METICULOUSLY RESEARCHED ACCOUNT of that most pivotal & intriguing philosopher-scientist of the early 17th century, whose contributions to physics, astronomy, scientific methodology & instrumentation were so critical that the title "Father of Modern Science" is usually reserved for him. This intellectual revolution brought him into tragic conflict with the Inquisition, a conflict known as the Galileo affair. Falling under the sword of Di Canzio's polemic are a host of myths, such as the common belief that Galileo recanted. Sharply distinct from past accounts of the massive collision between Galileo's philosophy & that of the philosophers & churchmen of his day, it is sure to be controversial - yet it extends the flow of constructive interpretation, including excerpts from a never-before published manuscript of leading Galileo scholar Stillman Drake. Reviewed & acclaimed by experts for its brilliant scholarship & fascinating presentation of the contributions of Galileo to science & life - with implications for the future of humanity. ADASI Publishing Co., 6 Dover Point Road, Suite B, Dover, New Hampshire 03820 (727) 488-7353.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

Code Complete

Author: Steve McConnell

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 0735636974

Category: Computers

Page: 960

View: 9252

Widely considered one of the best practical guides to programming, Steve McConnell’s original CODE COMPLETE has been helping developers write better software for more than a decade. Now this classic book has been fully updated and revised with leading-edge practices—and hundreds of new code samples—illustrating the art and science of software construction. Capturing the body of knowledge available from research, academia, and everyday commercial practice, McConnell synthesizes the most effective techniques and must-know principles into clear, pragmatic guidance. No matter what your experience level, development environment, or project size, this book will inform and stimulate your thinking—and help you build the highest quality code. Discover the timeless techniques and strategies that help you: Design for minimum complexity and maximum creativity Reap the benefits of collaborative development Apply defensive programming techniques to reduce and flush out errors Exploit opportunities to refactor—or evolve—code, and do it safely Use construction practices that are right-weight for your project Debug problems quickly and effectively Resolve critical construction issues early and correctly Build quality into the beginning, middle, and end of your project
Posted in Computers

Krakowskie Studia z Historii Państwa i Prawa Vol. 5 (2012)

Author: Wacław Uruszczak,Maciej Mikuła

Publisher: Wydawnictwo UJ

ISBN: 8323388687

Category: Law

Page: 380

View: 2805

Czasopismo obejmuje artykuły i rozprawy naukowe historyków prawa oraz historyków doktryn politycznych i prawnych z polskich i zagranicznych ośrodków naukowych. Zamierzeniem redaktorów i pomysłodawców wydawnictwa było umożliwienie publikacji rezultatów badań z zakresu szeroko pojętej historii prawa, historii państwa oraz historii doktryn politycznych i prawnych. Czasopismo zawiera także dział recenzji oraz kronikę wydarzeń naukowych.
Posted in Law

Who Was Galileo?

Author: Patricia Brennan Demuth

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0698198859

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 112

View: 3896

Like Michelangelo, Galileo is another Renaissance great known just by his first name--a name that is synonymous with scientific achievement. Born in Pisa, Italy, in the sixteenth century, Galileo contributed to the era's great rebirth of knowledge. He invented a telescope to observe the heavens. From there, not even the sky was the limit! He turned long-held notions about the universe topsy turvy with his support of a sun-centric solar system. Patricia Brennan Demuth offers a sympathetic portrait of a brilliant man who lived in a time when speaking scientific truth to those in power was still a dangerous proposition. From the Trade Paperback edition.
Posted in Juvenile Nonfiction

The Reflective Practitioner

How Professionals Think In Action

Author: Donald A. Schon

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780465068784

Category: Psychology

Page: 384

View: 7392

A leading M.I.T. social scientist and consultant examines five professions—engineering, architecture, management, psychotherapy, and town planning—to show how professionals really go about solving problems.
Posted in Psychology

Galileo at Work

His Scientific Biography

Author: Stillman Drake

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486495422

Category: Science

Page: 536

View: 3169

This fascinating, scholarly study by one of the world's foremost authorities on Galileo offers a vivid portrait of one of history's greatest minds. Detailed accounts, including many excerpts from Galileo's own writings, offer insights into his work on motion, mechanics, hydraulics, strength of materials, and projectiles. 36 black-and-white illustrations.
Posted in Science

Unifying the Universe

The Physics of Heaven and Earth

Author: Hasan S. Padamsee

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780750307581

Category: Science

Page: 668

View: 9880

Unifying the Universe: The Physics of Heaven and Earth provides a solid background in basic physics. With a humanistic perspective, it shows how science is significant for more than its technological consequences. The book includes clear and well-planned links to the arts and philosophies of relevant historical periods to bring science and the humanities together.
Posted in Science

Galileo's Finger

The Ten Great Ideas of Science

Author: Peter Atkins

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191622508

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 3274

Any literate person should be familiar with the central ideas of modern science. In his sparkling new book, Peter Atkins introduces his choice of the ten great ideas of science. With wit, charm, patience, and astonishing insights, he leads the reader through the emergence of the concepts, and then presents them in a strikingly effective manner. At the same time, he works into his engaging narrative an illustration of the scientific method and shows how simple ideas can have enormous consequences. His choice of the ten great ideas are: * Evolution occurs by natural selection, in which the early attempts at explaining the origin of species is followed by an account of the modern approach and some of its unsolved problems. * Inheritance is encoded in DNA, in which the story of the emergence of an understanding of inheritance is followed through to the mapping of the human genome. * Energy is conserved, in which we see how the central concept of energy gradually dawned on scientists as they mastered the motion of particles and the concept of heat. * All change is the consequence of the purposeless collapse of energy and matter into disorder, in which the extraordinarily simple concept of entropy is used to account for events in the world. * Matter is atomic, in which we see how the concept of atoms emerged and how the different personalities of the elements arise from the structures of their atoms. * Symmetry limits, guides, and drives, in which we see how concepts related to beauty can be extended to understand the nature of fundamental particles and the forces that act between them. * Waves behave like particles and particles behave like waves, in which we see how old familiar ideas gave way to the extraordinary insights of quantum theory and transformed our perception of matter. * The universe is expanding, in which we see how a combination of astronomy and a knowledge of elementary particles accounts for the origin of the universe and its long term future. * Spacetime is curved by matter, in which we see the emergence of the theories of special and general relativity and come to understand the nature of space and time. * If arithmetic is consistent, then it is incomplete, in which we learn the origin of numbers and arithmetic, see how the philosophy of mathematics lets us understand the nature of this most cerebral of subjects, and are brought to the limits of its power. C. P. Snow once said 'not knowing the second law of thermodynamics is like never having read a work by Shakespeare'. This is an extraordinary, exciting book that not only will make you literate in science but give you deep enjoyment on the way.
Posted in Science

Republic of Letters

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: English literature

Page: N.A

View: 7166

Posted in English literature

Men of Physics

Galileo Galilei, His Life and His Works

Author: Raymond J. Seeger

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483185990

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 298

View: 5535

Galileo Galilei, His Life and His Works is a biographic of Galileo Galilei. The text accounts some of the most important moments of Galileo’s life, along with his contribution in physics. The first part of the text covers the major aspects of Galileo’s. Part I details Galileo’s life as a student, professor, courtier, and author. Part II covers the major works of Galileo, such as magnetism, weight of air, alloy analysis, materials strength, falling bodies, and natural oscillations. The book will be of great interest to readers who have a keen interest in the history of physics.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography