Galileo's Pendulum

Science, Sexuality, and the Body-Instrument Link

Author: Dusan I. Bjelic

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791458815

Category: Science

Page: 205

View: 1233

Examines the history of science in light of recent theories of sexuality and the body.
Posted in Science

The Versatile Soliton

Author: Alexandre T. Filippov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0817649743

Category: Mathematics

Page: 261

View: 4586

In this engaging book, the concept of the soliton is traced from the beginning of the last century to modern times with its recent applications.
Posted in Mathematics

Renaissance Genius

Author: David Whitehouse

Publisher: Sterling Publishing Company, Inc.

ISBN: 9781402769771

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 5544

A lavishly illustrated exploration of the life and science of Galileo, taking us on a journey into the world of the Italian Renaissance at a crucial time of change.
Posted in Science

Science Teaching

The Contribution of History and Philosophy of Science, 20th Anniversary Revised and Expanded Edition

Author: Michael R. Matthews

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136336753

Category: Education

Page: 478

View: 1107

Science Teaching explains how history and philosophy of science contributes to the resolution of persistent theoretical, curricular, and pedagogical issues in science education. It shows why it is essential for science teachers to know and appreciate the history and philosophy of the subject they teach and how this knowledge can enrich science instruction and enthuse students in the subject. Through its historical perspective, the book reveals to students, teachers, and researchers the foundations of scientific knowledge and its connection to philosophy, metaphysics, mathematics, and broader social influences including the European Enlightenment, and develops detailed arguments about constructivism, worldviews and science, multicultural science education, inquiry teaching, values, and teacher education. Fully updated and expanded, the 20th Anniversary Edition of this classic text, featuring four new chapters—The Enlightenment Tradition; Joseph Priestley and Photosynthesis; Science, Worldviews and Education; and Nature of Science Research—and 1,300 references, provides a solid foundation for teaching and learning in the field.
Posted in Education

Galileo's Pendulum

Author: Roger G. NEWTON

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674041488

Category: Science

Page: 176

View: 5831

Bored during Mass at the cathedral in Pisa, the seventeen-year-old Galileo regarded the chandelier swinging overhead--and remarked, to his great surprise, that the lamp took as many beats to complete an arc when hardly moving as when it was swinging widely. Galileo's Pendulum tells the story of what this observation meant, and of its profound consequences for science and technology. The principle of the pendulum's swing--a property called isochronism--marks a simple yet fundamental system in nature, one that ties the rhythm of time to the very existence of matter in the universe. Roger Newton sets the stage for Galileo's discovery with a look at biorhythms in living organisms and at early calendars and clocks--contrivances of nature and culture that, however adequate in their time, did not meet the precise requirements of seventeenth-century science and navigation. Galileo's Pendulum recounts the history of the newly evolving time pieces--from marine chronometers to atomic clocks--based on the pendulum as well as other mechanisms employing the same physical principles, and explains the Newtonian science underlying their function. The book ranges nimbly from the sciences of sound and light to the astonishing intersection of the pendulum's oscillations and quantum theory, resulting in new insight into the make-up of the material universe. Covering topics from the invention of time zones to Isaac Newton's equations of motion, from Pythagoras' theory of musical harmony to Michael Faraday's field theory and the development of quantum electrodynamics, Galileo's Pendulum is an authoritative and engaging tour through time of the most basic all-pervading system in the world. Table of Contents: Preface Introduction 1. Biological Timekeeping: The Body's Rhythms 2. The Calendar: Different Drummers 3. Early Clocks: Home-Made Beats 4. The Pendulum Clock: The Beat of Nature 5. Successors: Ubiquitous Timekeeping 6. Isaac Newton: The Physics of the Pendulum 7. Sound and Light: Oscillations Everywhere 8. The Quantum: Oscillators Make Particles Notes References Index Reviews of this book: The range of things that measure time, from living creatures to atomic clocks, brackets Newton's intriguing narrative of time's connections, in the middle of which stands Galileo's famous discovery about pendulums...Science buffs will delight in the links Newton makes in this readable tour of how humanity marks time. --Gilbert Taylor, Booklist
Posted in Science

Engineering

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 8626

Posted in Engineering

Get a Grip on Physics

Author: John Gribbin

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486289702

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 9198

Popular physics primer by an acclaimed author offers accessible, imaginative explanations of string theory, the Schrödinger's Cat paradox, quantum uncertainty, black holes, and other cosmic oddities. Numerous playful illustrations.
Posted in Science

Time for Science Education

How Teaching the History and Philosophy of Pendulum Motion can Contribute to Science Literacy

Author: Michael Matthews

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401139946

Category: Education

Page: 440

View: 4419

The book's argument depends, as do most proposals in education, upon cer tain positions in the philosophy of education. I believe that education should be primarily concerned with developing understanding, with initiation into worth while traditions of intellectual achievement, and with developing capacities for clear, analytic and critical thought. These have been the long-accepted goals of liberal education. In a liberal education, students should come to know and appre ciate a variety of disciplines, know them at an appropriate depth, see the interconnectedness of the disciplines, or the modes of thought, and finally have some critical disposition toward what is being learned, to be genuinely open minded about intellectual things. These liberal goals are contrasted with goals such as professional training, job preparation, promotion of self-esteem, social engineering, entertainment, or countless other putative purposes of schooling that are enunciated by politicians, administrators, and educators. The book's argument might be consistent with other views of education especially ones about the training of specialists (sometimes called a professional view of education)-but the argument fits best with a liberal view of education. The liberal hope has always been that if education is done well, then other per sonal and social goods will follow. The development of informed, critical, and moral capacities is the cornerstone for personal and social achievements.
Posted in Education

Galileo and the Telescope

Author: Yoming S. Lin

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc

ISBN: 1448850304

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 24

View: 5791

Shares biographical and historical information about Galileo Galilei, the man and his inventions, and includes fact sheets and a timeline.
Posted in Juvenile Nonfiction

Engineering Problem Solving

A Classical Perspective

Author: Milton C. Shaw

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0815517041

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 450

View: 6267

Engineering, at its origins, was a profession of problem solving. The classic text, Dialogues Concerning Two New Sciences by Galileo Galilei is revisited in this ambitious and comprehensive book by Milton Shaw. In-depth discussions of passages from the Galileo text emphasize the ""mind set"" of engineering, specifically the roles played by experimentation and dialog in analysis and creativity. In the epilogue, the author points out that engineering students are usually exposed to two types of faculty. The first type is mathematically oriented and mostly interested in analytical solutions. The second type is interested in devising and experimenting with innovative solutions. However, since many talented graduates move directly into teaching instead of gaining real world experience, an imbalance of analytical teaching has occurred. Shaw points out through an example by Dr. Dave Lineback that learning to solve practical engineering problems is a very important part of an engineer's education, but is often denied due to expense and time and effort required. This book fills in many of the gaps in engineering education by showing students, and professionals, the historical background of problem solving. Among those who will find this book particularly useful are engineers working in cross-disciplinary capacities, such as mechanical engineers working with electrical engineering concepts or polymeric materials, engineers preparing for professional engineering exams, mid-career engineers looking to broaden their problem-solving skills, and students looking for help growing their skills.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

The Pendulum

Scientific, Historical, Philosophical and Educational Perspectives

Author: Michael Matthews,Colin F. Gauld,Arthur Stinner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402035265

Category: Science

Page: 542

View: 9239

The pendulum is a universal topic in primary and secondary schools, but its full potential for learning about physics, the nature of science, and the relationships between science, mathematics, technology, society and culture is seldom realised. Contributions to this 32-chapter anthology deal with the science, history, methodology and pedagogy of pendulum motion. There is ample material for the richer and more cross-disciplinary treatment of the pendulum from elementary school to high school, and through to advanced university classes. Scientists will value the studies on the physics of the pendulum; historians will appreciate the detailed treatment of Galileo, Huygens, Newton and Foucault’s pendulum investigations; psychologists and educators will learn from the papers on Piaget; teachers will welcome the many contributions to pendulum pedagogy. All readers will come away with a new awareness of the importance of the pendulum in the foundation and development of modern science; and for its centrality in so many facets of society and culture.
Posted in Science

Antique Collector's Guide to Clocks and Watches

Author: Alan Smith

Publisher: Crescent

ISBN: 9780517684788

Category: Clocks and watches

Page: 222

View: 4507

Explains how to identify English, American, Continental European and Japanese timepieces, place them in their style and period and judge their quality
Posted in Clocks and watches

The pulse of time

Galileo Galilei, the determination of longitude, and the pendulum clock

Author: Silvio A. Bedini

Publisher: Olschki

ISBN: 9788822238566

Category: Antiques & Collectibles

Page: 132

View: 4698

Posted in Antiques & Collectibles

The Horological Journal

The Special Organ of the British Horological Institute

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Clocks and watches

Page: N.A

View: 1434

Posted in Clocks and watches

Pendulum

Leon Foucault and the Triumph of Science

Author: Amir D. Aczel

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9781416588436

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 288

View: 3077

In 1851, struggling, self-taught physicist Léon Foucault performed a dramatic demonstration inside the Panthéon in Paris. By tracking a pendulum's path as it swung repeatedly across the interior of the large ceremonial hall, Foucault offered the first definitive proof -- before an audience that comprised the cream of Parisian society, including the future emperor, Napoleon III -- that the earth revolves on its axis. Through careful, primary research, world-renowned author Amir Aczel has revealed the life of a gifted physicist who had almost no formal education in science, and yet managed to succeed despite the adversity he suffered at the hands of his peers. The range and breadth of Foucault's discoveries is astonishing: He gave us the modern electric compass, devised an electric microscope, invented photographic technology, and made remarkable deductions about color theory, heat waves, and the speed of light. Yet until now so little has been known about his life. Richly detailed and evocative, Pendulum tells of the illustrious period in France during the Second Empire; of Foucault's relationship with Napoleon III, a colorful character in his own right; and -- most notably -- of the crucial triumph of science over religion. Dr. Aczel has crafted a fascinating narrative based on the life of this most astonishing and largely unrecognized scientist, whose findings answered many age-old scientific questions and posed new ones that are still relevant today.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

Philosophy of Education

Proceedings of the ... Annual Meeting of the Philosophy of Education Society

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: N.A

View: 8140

Posted in Education

The Jazz of Physics

Die Verbindung von Musik und der Struktur des Universums

Author: Stephon H.S. Alexander

Publisher: BASTEI LÜBBE

ISBN: 3732548791

Category: Mathematics

Page: 333

View: 3237

Schon vor mehr als fünfzig Jahren begeisterte sich John Coltrane für das Universum. Inspiriert von Albert Einstein, hatte Coltrane Physik und Geometrie in den Mittelpunkt seiner Musik gesetzt. Diese Idee faszinierte den Physiker und Jazzmusiker Stephon Alexander seit frühester Jugend. Er zeigt anhand des Jazz, wie die größten Fragen der Physik über die Beschaffenheit des Universums beantwortet werden können. The Jazz of Physics fasziniert und begeistert jeden, der sich für die Geheimnisse unseres Universums, der Musik und des Lebens interessiert.
Posted in Mathematics

The Essential Galileo

Author: Galileo Galilei,Maurice A. Finocchiaro

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 1603843582

Category: History

Page: 390

View: 6928

"Edited and translated by Maurice A. Finocchiaro, an international authority on Galileo, this collection makes available to scholars and students an excellent and extensive selection of Galileo's key works from his early career to the end of his life--some in toto and some represented by key selections. It presents not only Galileo's most famous works but also a range of less-known texts as well as an excellent selection of the documents from the trial of 1633 and from the 1616 condemnation of Copernicus. In addition to the breadth and quality of the selections, this volume is particularly attractive to students and instructors thanks to Finocchiaro's expert and up-to-date introductions, biographical sketch, chronology, annotated bibliography, and glossary. This is a must for anyone teaching or studying Galileo, the scientific revolution, and the relationship between science and religion." --Mario Biagioli, Professor of the History of Science, Harvard University
Posted in History

The Science of Golf Putting

A Complete Guide for Researchers, Players and Coaches

Author: Gonçalo Dias,Micael S. Couceiro

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331914880X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 84

View: 5853

This SpringerBrief explores the motor performance and biomechanics of golf putting, providing methodologies, studies and approaches to this concept. Presenting outcomes of research published over the past six years, it offers guidelines from a scientifically oriented perspective, and employs new technologies and mathematical methods to assess golf putting. The chapters cover aspects such as pendulum-like motion in sports, setting up the experimental design, and performance metrics for putting variables. Paving the way for an improved understanding of what leads to failure and success in golf putting, this book offers an invaluable reference source for sports scientists, engineers and mathematicians, as well as golfers.
Posted in Technology & Engineering