From Multitude to Crowds

Collective Action and the Media

Author: Eduardo Cintra Torres,Samuel Mateus

Publisher: Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag Der Wissenschaften

ISBN: 9783631668023

Category: Collective behavior

Page: 268

View: 1126

"From Multitude to Crowds: Collective Action and the Media "presents a study of collective action in the 21st century. Experts from Sociology, Political Science, Philosophy, Political Communication and Media Studies offer a multidisciplinary approach to social formations in contemporary collective action. The various contributions discuss the relevance of media and communications in social movements and how social mobilization has changed in mediatized societies.
Posted in Collective behavior

Lygia Pape

A Multitude of Forms

Author: Iria Candela,Glória Ferreira,Sérgio B. Martins,John Rajchman

Publisher: Metropolitan Museum of Art

ISBN: 1588396169

Category: Art

Page: 208

View: 2890

Lygia Pape (1927–2004) was one of the most acclaimed and influential Brazilian artists of the twentieth century. As a prominent member of a generation of artists, architects, and designers who embraced the optimistic and constructive spirit of postwar Brazil, she is particularly known for her participation in the experimental art movement Neoconcretism, which sought to rework the legacy of European avant-garde abstraction to suit a new cultural context. Beyond the specific aims of Neoconcretism, however, Pape engaged with a wide range of media painting, drawing, poetry, graphic design and photography, film and performance—constantly experimenting in a quest to confront the canonical and discover unexplored territories in modern art. Following a coup d’etat in 1964, when the establishment of an authoritarian regime shattered dreams of shared prosperity in Brazil, Pape continued to pursue her art against difficult odds. The streets of Rio de Janeiro became her ultimate source of inspiration, as she created participatory works that questioned the space between artist and viewer and the social context of art itself. p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 14.0px Verdana} This beautifully illustrated publication accompanies the first major exhibition in the United States devoted to the work of Lygia Pape. Featuring essays by art historians in both North and South America, as well as two previously untranslated interviews with the artist and an illustrated chronology, Lygia Pape is a testament to the artist’s lasting importance to the modern art and culture of Latin America and to her position as a major figure of the international avant-garde.
Posted in Art

The Object of the Atlantic

Concrete Aesthetics in Cuba, Brazil, and Spain, 1868-1968

Author: Rachel Price

Publisher: Northwestern University Press

ISBN: 0810168073

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 256

View: 6851

The Object of the Atlantic is a wide-ranging study of the transition from a concern with sovereignty to a concern with things in Iberian Atlantic literature and art produced between 1868 and 1968. Rachel Price uncovers the surprising ways that concrete aesthetics from Cuba, Brazil, and Spain drew not only on global forms of constructivism but also on a history of empire, slavery, and media technologies from the Atlantic world. Analyzing Jose Marti’s notebooks, Joaquim de Sousandrade’s poetry, Ramiro de Maeztu’s essays on things and on slavery, 1920s Cuban literature on economic restructuring, Ferreira Gullar’s theory of the “non-object,” and neoconcrete art, Price shows that the turn to objects—and from these to new media networks—was rooted in the very philosophies of history that helped form the Atlantic world itself.
Posted in Literary Criticism

The Ground Between

Anthropologists Engage Philosophy

Author: Veena Das,Michael D. Jackson,Arthur Kleinman,Bhrigupati Singh

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822376431

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 7756

The guiding inspiration of this book is the attraction and distance that mark the relation between anthropology and philosophy. This theme is explored through encounters between individual anthropologists and particular regions of philosophy. Several of the most basic concepts of the discipline—including notions of ethics, politics, temporality, self and other, and the nature of human life—are products of a dialogue, both implicit and explicit, between anthropology and philosophy. These philosophical undercurrents in anthropology also speak to the question of what it is to experience our being in a world marked by radical difference and otherness. In The Ground Between, twelve leading anthropologists offer intimate reflections on the influence of particular philosophers on their way of seeing the world, and on what ethnography has taught them about philosophy. Ethnographies of the mundane and the everyday raise fundamental issues that the contributors grapple with in both their lives and their thinking. With directness and honesty, they relate particular philosophers to matters such as how to respond to the suffering of the other, how concepts arise in the give and take of everyday life, and how to be attuned to the world through the senses. Their essays challenge the idea that philosophy is solely the province of professional philosophers, and suggest that certain modalities of being in the world might be construed as ways of doing philosophy. Contributors. João Biehl, Steven C. Caton, Vincent Crapanzano, Veena Das, Didier Fassin, Michael M. J. Fischer, Ghassan Hage, Clara Han, Michael Jackson, Arthur Kleinman, Michael Puett, Bhrigupati Singh
Posted in Social Science

Ecstatic Encounters

Bahian Candomblé and the Quest for the Really Real

Author: Mattijs van de Port

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9089642986

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 1917

"Reality does not comply with our narrations of it. And that is most certainly the case with the narrations produced in academia. An anthropologist in Bahia, Brazil, fears to become possessed by the spirits he had come to study; falls madly in love withan 'informant'; finds himself baffled by the sayings of a clairvoyant; and has to come to grips with the murder of one of his best friends. Unsettling events that do not belong to the orderly world of scientific research, yet leave their imprint on the way the anthropologist comes to understand the world. REflecting on his long research experience with the spirit possession cult Candomblâe, the author shows, in a probing manner, how definitions of reality always require the exclusion of certain perceptions, experiences and insights. And yet, this 'rest-of-what-is' turns out to be an inexhaustible source of amazement, seduction and renewal." --P [4] of cover.
Posted in Social Science

Understanding Peace and Conflict Through Social Identity Theory

Contemporary Global Perspectives

Author: Shelley McKeown,Reeshma Haji,Neil Ferguson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319298690

Category: Psychology

Page: 387

View: 4936

This volume brings together perspectives on social identity and peace psychology to explore the role that categorization plays in both conflict and peace-building. To do so, it draws leading scholars from across the world in a comprehensive exploration of social identity theory and its application to some of the world’s most pressing problems, such as intrastate conflict, uprising in the middle east, the refugee crisis, global warming, racism and peace building. A crucial theme of the volume is that social identity theory affects all of us, no matter whether we are currently in a state of conflict or one further along in the peace process. The volume is organized into two sections. Section 1 focuses on the development of social identity theory. Grounded in the pioneering work of Dr. Henri Tajfel, section 1 provides the reader with a historical background of the theory, as well as its current developments. Then, section 2 brings together a series of country case studies focusing on issues of identity across five continents. This section enables cross-cultural comparisons in terms of methodology and findings, and encourages the reader to identify general applications of identity to the understanding of peace as well as applications that may be more relevant in specific contexts. Taken together, these two sections provide a contemporary and diverse account of the state of social identity research in conflict situations and peace psychology today. It is evident that any account of peace requires an intricate understanding of identity both as a cause and consequence of conflict, as well as a potential resource to be harnessed in the promotion and maintenance of peace. Understanding Peace and Conflict Through Social Identity Theory: Contemporary Global Perspectives aims to help achieve such an understanding and as such is a valuable resource to those studying peace and conflict, psychologists, sociologists, anthropologists, public policy makers, and all those interested in the ways in which social identity impacts our world.
Posted in Psychology

Distinktion

Scandinavian Journal of Social Theory, No 16, 2008. Special Issue: the Technologies of Politics

Author: Kristin Asdal,Christian Borch,Ingunn Moser

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9788779343368

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 5982

Distinktion: Scandinavian Journal of Social Theory publishes innovative papers which make a substantial contribution to the generation of social theory. The Journal invites articles from sociology, political theory, cultural and legal studies, anthropology and philosophy that provide original perspectives on the social. Based in a Scandinavian context, characterized by prioritizing no single theoretical horizon, the Journal creates a space for theoretical contestation that includes both continental and Anglo-American traditions. Contents: On Politics and the Little Tools of Democracy: A Down-to-Earth Approach (Kristin Asdal); The Making of Climate Publics: Eco-homes as Material Devices of Publicity (Noortje Marres); Foam City (Peter Sloterdijk); Culling, Catastrophe, and Collectivity (John Law); Governing Nonhumans: Knowledge, Sanitation and Discipline in the Late 19th and Early 20th-Century British Milk Trade (Richie Nimmo); Balancing Fish: A Meeting between Food Safety and Nutrition in an Assessment of Benefits and Risk (Guro Adnegard Skarstad); A Perfect Innovation Engine: The Rise of the Talent World (Nigel Thrift).
Posted in Social Science

Modern Dilemmas

Understanding Collective Action in the 21st Century

Author: Dylan Kissane,Alexandru Volacu

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 3838267419

Category: Political Science

Page: 350

View: 5987

Collective action problems are ubiquitous in situations involving human interactions and therefore lie at the heart of economy and political science. In one of the most salient statements on this topic, Elinor Ostrom, co-recipient of the 2009 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, even claims that "the theory of collective action is the central subject of political science". The collection of essays presented in this timely volume targets the problem of collective action from both a theoretical and applied perspective. Its multidisciplinary approach makes it a valuable reading for students and scholars working in a number of different areas of study, such as political science, economy, political philosophy, public policies, comparative politics, and international relations.
Posted in Political Science

Theory of Collective Behavior

Author: Neil J. Smelser

Publisher: Quid Pro Books

ISBN: 1610270851

Category: Psychology

Page: 384

View: 5323

Modern, high-quality republication of a sociological and social psychology classic. New preface by the author and extensive new Foreword by MIT's Gary Marx. An authorized and quality edition--not just scanned and forgotten like most such reprints today--this book is part of the Classics of the Social Sciences Series by Quid Pro Books. Quality ebook formatting includes linked notes, legible tables, and active TOC. The book's original page numbers from its first printing are embedded for continuity of citations and a class syllabus.
Posted in Psychology

Collective Action and Social Change

Author: Carolyn Kagan,Manchester Metropolitan University. Interpersonal & Organisational Development Research Group

Publisher: HP Trade

ISBN: 9781900139014

Category: Community organization

Page: 81

View: 2424

Posted in Community organization

Gender and Equestrian Sport

Riding Around the World

Author: Miriam Adelman,Jorge Knijnik

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400768249

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 4969

This volume brings together studies from various disciplines of the social sciences and humanities ( anthropology, sociology, cultural studies, history and literary theory) that shed light on the equestrian world as a historically gendered and highly dynamic field of contemporary sport and culture. From high level international dressage and jumping, polo and the turf, to the rodeo world of the Americas and popular forms of equestrian sport and culture, we are introduced to a range of issues that are played out at local and global, national and international levels. Students and scholars of gender, culture and sport will find much of interest in this original look at contemporary issues such as “engendered” (women’s and men’s) identities/subjectivities as equestrians, representations of girls, horses and the world of adventure in juvenile fiction; the current “feminization” of particular equestrian activities (and where boys and men stand in relation to this); how broad forms of social inequality and stratification play themselves out within gendered equestrian contexts; men and women and their relation to horses within the framework of current discussions on the relation of animals to humans (which may include not only love and care, but also exploitation and violence), among others. Singular contributions show how equestrian activities contribute to historical and current constructions of embodied “femininities” and “masculinities”, reflecting a world that has been moving “beyond the binaries” while continuing to be enmeshed in their persistent and contradictory legacy. ​
Posted in Social Science

Spreadable Media

Creating Value and Meaning in a Networked Culture

Author: Henry Jenkins,Sam Ford,Joshua Green

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479856053

Category: Law

Page: 352

View: 1794

"Spreadable Media" maps fundamental changes taking place in the contemporary media environment, a space where corporations no longer tightly control media distribution. This book challenges some of the prevailing frameworks used to describe contemporary media.
Posted in Law

What Does the Ruling Class Do When it Rules?

State Apparatuses and State Power under Feudalism, Capitalism and Socialism

Author: Goran Therborn

Publisher: Verso Books

ISBN: 1786630117

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 2477

Posted in Political Science

Meaning and Mind

A Cognitive Approach to Peter Weiss' Prose Work

Author: Ana Margarida Abrantes

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9783631595930

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 374

View: 3136

Literature happens in the mind. Literary texts are the product of an intentional mind addressing another mind, and language is the instrument in this cognitive mediation. This work emerges in the confluence of three different research areas: literary studies, cognitive linguistics and cognitive science. Its object is a selection of prose works by Peter Weiss, covering three different subgenres: experimental, autobiographical, and historical prose. Within this research framework this study addresses the question of how we make sense of literary text, i.e., how literary texts become semantically and existentially meaningful and what cognitive processes are involved in this task. One second question explored is how mental processes such as perception, attention or memory are represented in the selected texts, and how this conveyance confirms or differs from the cognitive study of these processes. The main aim of this work is thus not to provide an alternative interpretation for the selected texts, but to explain how the existing ones are made possible on account of the present knowledge about the human mind.
Posted in Literary Criticism

The World Ayahuasca Diaspora

Reinventions and Controversies

Author: Beatriz Caiuby Labate,Clancy Cavnar,Alex K. Gearin

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317011597

Category: Religion

Page: 270

View: 5469

Ayahuasca is a psychoactive substance that has long been associated with indigenous Amazonian shamanic practices. The recent rise of the drink’s visibility in the media and popular culture, and its rapidly advancing inroads into international awareness, mean that the field of ayahuasca is quickly expanding. This expansion brings with it legal problems, economic inequalities, new forms of ritual and belief, cultural misunderstandings, and other controversies and reinventions. In The World Ayahuasca Diaspora, leading scholars, including established academics and new voices in anthropology, religious studies, and law fuse case-study ethnographies with evaluations of relevant legal and anthropological knowledge. They explore how the substance has impacted indigenous communities, new urban religiosities, ritual healing, international drug policy, religious persecution, and recreational drug milieus. This unique book presents classic and contemporary issues in social science and the humanities, providing rich material on the bourgeoning expansion of ayahuasca use around the globe.
Posted in Religion

Theories of Collective Action

Downs, Olson and Hirsch

Author: D. Reisman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 023038997X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 348

View: 6747

Individuals make decisions but they do not do so in a social vacuum. The goods they buy are frequently status-symbols in a zero-sum game which some will win and some must lose. Their consumption of commodities is subject to the constraint that what one can do, all cannot. The pressure of coalitions and interest groups, the self- interest of politicians and bureaucrats may all work against a solution being found for some of the most urgent social and economic problems of our times. These problems form the centrepiece of the economic approach to social interaction that has been pioneered by Anthony Downs, Mancur Olson and Fred Hirsch. This book seeks to examine and evaluate their important theories of collective action.
Posted in Business & Economics

Cognition and Culture

An Interdisciplinary Dialogue

Author: Ana Margarida Abrantes,Peter Hanenberg

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9783631617267

Category: Social Science

Page: 178

View: 6048

Human beings are cultural by nature. The human mind is as much the individual result of exquisite evolutionary engineering, as it is the outcome of an intense synergy with other minds in a densely social environment, shaped by culture. This realization encourages an interdisciplinary dialogue, in which scientists and humanists come together to discuss two challenges: studying culture in the age of cognitive science, and studying cognition with culture in mind.
Posted in Social Science

Breaking Chains

Social Movements and Collective Action

Author: Michael P. Smith

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412818889

Category: Social Science

Page: 218

View: 7988

Posted in Social Science

Global Perspectives on Media Events in Contemporary Society

Author: Fox, Andrew

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 146669968X

Category: Social Science

Page: 306

View: 8203

Media events have been described as broadcasts that involve an engaged audience viewing the same event simultaneously; though this definition is still relevant, the way media outlets interact with and react to their audiences has greatly changed. This is in part due to the emergence of social media platforms which allow a participatory audience, something that genre-specific television channels now rely on. Because these genre-specific, 24-hour channels seek to hook viewers with hyperbolic presentation and the illusion of large media events, the original definition must be adapted. Global Perspectives on Media Events in Contemporary Society seeks to re-define the role of the media in relaying information about current events within a modern context. Determining what constitutes as and the proper presentation of a media event is of great importance given the ubiquity of media consumption. This book approaches the topic from historical, ceremonial, and globally cultural perspectives while addressing news, sports, and other significant current events. It is a vital resource for students and teachers of communication, media, and journalism, professionals in the media industry, policy makers, and sociologists.
Posted in Social Science

Mad Mobs and Englishmen?

Myths and realities of the 2011 riots

Author: Cliff Stott,Steve Reicher

Publisher: Robinson

ISBN: 1780335326

Category: Psychology

Page: 160

View: 7330

In August 2011, London and many other English towns and cities erupted into some of the worst rioting for decades. David Cameron blamed a broken society with a sick morality; Tony Blair a defiant underclass. Yet with no evidence to support their claims, their remarks were typical of the storm of uninformed comments that followed the riots, based largely on longstanding misconceptions of why people riot. With their extensive expertise in crowd behaviour and psychology, and years of research experience studying crowds, riots and hooliganism worldwide, psychologists Steve Reicher and Cliff Stott challenge the myths of the 2011 riots perpetuated in the media and elsewhere; consider the reality on the ground and how to avoid a repeat scenario.
Posted in Psychology