From Groups to Categorial Algebra

Introduction to Protomodular and Mal’tsev Categories

Author: Dominique Bourn

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3319572199

Category: Mathematics

Page: 106

View: 8673

This book gives a thorough and entirely self-contained, in-depth introduction to a specific approach to group theory, in a large sense of that word. The focus lie on the relationships which a group may have with other groups, via “universal properties”, a view on that group “from the outside”. This method of categorical algebra, is actually not limited to the study of groups alone, but applies equally well to other similar categories of algebraic objects. By introducing protomodular categories and Mal’tsev categories, which form a larger class, the structural properties of the category Gp of groups, show how they emerge from four very basic observations about the algebraic litteral calculus and how, studied for themselves at the conceptual categorical level, they lead to the main striking features of the category Gp of groups. Hardly any previous knowledge of category theory is assumed, and just a little experience with standard algebraic structures such as groups and monoids. Examples and exercises help understanding the basic definitions and results throughout the text.
Posted in Mathematics

Handbook of Categorical Algebra: Volume 1, Basic Category Theory

Author: Francis Borceux

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521441780

Category: Mathematics

Page: 345

View: 3312

First of a 3-volume work giving a detailed account of what should be known by all working in, or using category theory. Volume 1 covers basic concepts.
Posted in Mathematics

Handbook of Categorical Algebra: Volume 2, Categories and Structures

Author: Francis Borceux

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521441797

Category: Mathematics

Page: 443

View: 8488

The Handbook of Categorical Algebra is designed to give, in three volumes, a detailed account of what should be known by everybody working in, or using, category theory. As such it will be a unique reference. The volumes are written in sequence. The second, which assumes familiarity with the material in the first, introduces important classes of categories that have played a fundamental role in the subject's development and applications. In addition, after several chapters discussing specific categories, the book develops all the major concepts concerning Benabou's ideas of fibred categories. There is ample material here for a graduate course in category theory, and the book should also serve as a reference for users.
Posted in Mathematics

Categorical Algebra and its Applications

Proceedings of a Conference, Held in Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, July 26 - August 1, 1987

Author: Francis Borceux

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540459855

Category: Mathematics

Page: 382

View: 3550

Categorical algebra and its applications contain several fundamental papers on general category theory, by the top specialists in the field, and many interesting papers on the applications of category theory in functional analysis, algebraic topology, algebraic geometry, general topology, ring theory, cohomology, differential geometry, group theory, mathematical logic and computer sciences. The volume contains 28 carefully selected and refereed papers, out of 96 talks delivered, and illustrates the usefulness of category theory today as a powerful tool of investigation in many other areas.
Posted in Mathematics

Proceedings of the Conference on Categorical Algebra

La Jolla 1965

Author: S. Eilenberg,D. K. Harrison,H. Röhrl,S. MacLane

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642999026

Category: Mathematics

Page: 564

View: 5773

This volume contains the articles contributed to the Conference on Categorical Algebra, held June 7-12,1965, at the San Diego campus of the University of California under the sponsorship of the United States Air Force Office of Scientific Research. Of the thirty-seven mathemati cians, who were present seventeen presented their papers in the form of lectures. In addition, this volume contains papers contributed by other attending participants as well as by those who, after having planned to attend, were unable to do so. The editors hope to have achieved a representative, if incomplete, cover age of the present activities in Categorical Algebra within the United States by bringing together this group of mathematicians and by solici ting the articles contained in this volume. They also hope that these Proceedings indicate the trend of research in Categorical Algebra in this country. In conclusion, the editors wish to thank the participants and contrib. utors to these Proceedings for their continuous cooperation and encour agement. Our thanks are also due to the Springer-Verlag for publishing these Proceedings in a surprisingly short time after receiving the manu scripts.
Posted in Mathematics

Applications of Categorical Algebra

Proceedings

Author: Alex Heller

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821814176

Category: Algebra, Homological

Page: 231

View: 9974

Posted in Algebra, Homological

Handbook of Categorical Algebra 2

Categories and Structures

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Abelian categories

Page: 443

View: 4140

Posted in Abelian categories

The Logical Foundations of Mathematics

Foundations and Philosophy of Science and Technology Series

Author: William S. Hatcher

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483189635

Category: Mathematics

Page: 330

View: 5298

The Logical Foundations of Mathematics offers a study of the foundations of mathematics, stressing comparisons between and critical analyses of the major non-constructive foundational systems. The position of constructivism within the spectrum of foundational philosophies is discussed, along with the exact relationship between topos theory and set theory. Comprised of eight chapters, this book begins with an introduction to first-order logic. In particular, two complete systems of axioms and rules for the first-order predicate calculus are given, one for efficiency in proving metatheorems, and the other, in a "natural deduction" style, for presenting detailed formal proofs. A somewhat novel feature of this framework is a full semantic and syntactic treatment of variable-binding term operators as primitive symbols of logic. Subsequent chapters focus on the origin of modern foundational studies; Gottlob Frege's formal system intended to serve as a foundation for mathematics and its paradoxes; the theory of types; and the Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory. David Hilbert's program and Kurt Gödel's incompleteness theorems are also examined, along with the foundational systems of W. V. Quine and the relevance of categorical algebra for foundations. This monograph will be of interest to students, teachers, practitioners, and researchers in mathematics.
Posted in Mathematics

Handbook of Categorical Algebra: Volume 1, Basic Category Theory

Author: Francis Borceux

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521441780

Category: Mathematics

Page: 345

View: 2341

First of a 3-volume work giving a detailed account of what should be known by all working in, or using category theory. Volume 1 covers basic concepts.
Posted in Mathematics

Grundkurs Topologie

Author: Gerd Laures,Markus Szymik

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3827422183

Category: Mathematics

Page: 242

View: 9692

Die Topologie beschäftigt sich mit den qualitativen Eigenschaften geometrischer Objekte. Ihr Begriffsapparat ist so mächtig, dass kaum eine mathematische Struktur nicht mit Gewinn topologisiert wurde. Dieses Buch versteht sich als Brücke von den einführenden Vorlesungen der Analysis und Linearen Algebra zu den fortgeschrittenen Vorlesungen der Algebraischen und Geometrischen Topologie. Es eignet sich besonders für Studierende in einem Bachelor- oder Masterstudiengang der Mathematik, kann aber auch zum Selbststudium für mathematisch interessierte Naturwissenschaftler dienen. Die Autoren legen besonderen Wert auf eine moderne Sprache, welche die vorgestellten Ideen vereinheitlicht und damit erleichtert. Definitionen werden stets mit vielen Beispielen unterlegt und neue Konzepte werden mit zahlreichen Bildern illustriert. Über 170 Übungsaufgaben (mit Lösungen zu ausgewählten Aufgaben auf der Website zum Buch) helfen, die vermittelten Inhalte einzuüben und zu vertiefen. Viele Abschnitte werden ergänzt durch kurze Einblicke in weiterführende Themen, die einen Ausgangspunkt für Studienarbeiten oder Seminarthemen bieten. Neben dem üblichen Stoff zur mengentheoretischen Topologie, der Theorie der Fundamentalgruppen und der Überlagerungen werden auch Bündel, Garben und simpliziale Methoden angesprochen, welche heute zu den Grundbegriffen der Geometrie und Topologie gehören.
Posted in Mathematics

Representations of Algebraic Groups

Author: Jens Carsten Jantzen

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 082184377X

Category: MATHEMATICS

Page: 576

View: 1548

The present book, which is a revised edition of the author's book published in 1987 by Academic Press, is intended to give the reader an introduction to the theory of algebraic representations of reductive algebraic groups. To develop appropriate techniques, the first part of the book is an introduction to the general theory of representations of algebraic group schemes. Here the author describes, among others, such important basic notions as induction functor, cohomology, quotients, Frobenius kernels, and reduction mod $p$. The second part of the book is devoted to the representation theory of reductive algebraic groups. It includes such topics as the description of simple modules, vanishing theorems, the Borel-Bott-Weil theorem and Weyl's character formula, Schubert schemes and line bundles on them. For this revised edition the author added several chapters describing some later developments, among them Schur algebras, Lusztig's conjecture, and Kazhdan-Lusztig polynomials, tilting modules, and representations of quantum groups.
Posted in MATHEMATICS

Algebraic Theories

A Categorical Introduction to General Algebra

Author: J. Adámek,J. Rosický,E. M. Vitale

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139491881

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 1798

Algebraic theories, introduced as a concept in the 1960s, have been a fundamental step towards a categorical view of general algebra. Moreover, they have proved very useful in various areas of mathematics and computer science. This carefully developed book gives a systematic introduction to algebra based on algebraic theories that is accessible to both graduate students and researchers. It will facilitate interactions of general algebra, category theory and computer science. A central concept is that of sifted colimits - that is, those commuting with finite products in sets. The authors prove the duality between algebraic categories and algebraic theories and discuss Morita equivalence between algebraic theories. They also pay special attention to one-sorted algebraic theories and the corresponding concrete algebraic categories over sets, and to S-sorted algebraic theories, which are important in program semantics. The final chapter is devoted to finitary localizations of algebraic categories, a recent research area.
Posted in Mathematics

Advanced Modern Algebra

Author: Joseph J. Rotman

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821847414

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1008

View: 5836

"This book is designed as a text for the first year of graduate algebra, but it can also serve as a reference since it contains more advanced topics as well. This second edition has a different organization than the first. It begins with a discussion of the cubic and quartic equations, which leads into permutations, group theory, and Galois theory (for finite extensions; infinite Galois theory is discussed later in the book). The study of groups continues with finite abelian groups (finitely generated groups are discussed later, in the context of module theory), Sylow theorems, simplicity of projective unimodular groups, free groups and presentations, and the Nielsen-Schreier theorem (subgroups of free groups are free). The study of commutative rings continues with prime and maximal ideals, unique factorization, noetherian rings, Zorn's lemma and applications, varieties, and Gr'obner bases. Next, noncommutative rings and modules are discussed, treating tensor product, projective, injective, and flat modules, categories, functors, and natural transformations, categorical constructions (including direct and inverse limits), and adjoint functors. Then follow group representations: Wedderburn-Artin theorems, character theory, theorems of Burnside and Frobenius, division rings, Brauer groups, and abelian categories. Advanced linear algebra treats canonical forms for matrices and the structure of modules over PIDs, followed by multilinear algebra. Homology is introduced, first for simplicial complexes, then as derived functors, with applications to Ext, Tor, and cohomology of groups, crossed products, and an introduction to algebraic K-theory. Finally, the author treats localization, Dedekind rings and algebraic number theory, and homological dimensions. The book ends with the proof that regular local rings have unique factorization."--Publisher's description.
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From a Geometrical Point of View

A Study of the History and Philosophy of Category Theory

Author: Jean-Pierre Marquis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402093845

Category: Science

Page: 310

View: 815

From a Geometrical Point of View explores historical and philosophical aspects of category theory, trying therewith to expose its significance in the mathematical landscape. The main thesis is that Klein’s Erlangen program in geometry is in fact a particular instance of a general and broad phenomenon revealed by category theory. The volume starts with Eilenberg and Mac Lane’s work in the early 1940’s and follows the major developments of the theory from this perspective. Particular attention is paid to the philosophical elements involved in this development. The book ends with a presentation of categorical logic, some of its results and its significance in the foundations of mathematics. From a Geometrical Point of View aims to provide its readers with a conceptual perspective on category theory and categorical logic, in order to gain insight into their role and nature in contemporary mathematics. It should be of interest to mathematicians, logicians, philosophers of mathematics and science in general, historians of contemporary mathematics, physicists and computer scientists.
Posted in Science

Categorical Decomposition Techniques in Algebraic Topology

International Conference in Algebraic Topology, Isle of Skye, Scotland, June 2001

Author: Gregory Arone,John Hubbuck,Ran Levi,Michael Weiss

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783764304003

Category: Mathematics

Page: 304

View: 3835

The book consists of articles at the frontier of current research in Algebraic Topology. It presents recent results by top notch experts, and is intended primarily for researchers and graduate students working in the field of algebraic topology. Included is an important article by Cohen, Johnes and Yan on the homology of the space of smooth loops on a manifold M, endowed with the Chas-Sullivan intersection product, as well as an article by Goerss, Henn and Mahowald on stable homotopy groups of spheres, which uses the cutting edge technology of "topological modular forms".
Posted in Mathematics