Frequency Measurement and Control

Advanced Techniques and Future Trends

Author: Andre N. Luiten

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540676942

Category: Science

Page: 394

View: 5977

With contributions by numerous experts
Posted in Science

Frequency Measurement and Control

Author: Chronos Group

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461525020

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 340

View: 2423

Periodical phenomena or, more precisely, quasiperiodical phenomena, occupy a central position in physics. For a long time, their most important parameter has been their period. However, nowadays, we are much more interested in their frequency, and the many reasons for this are discussed in this book. Throughout history, evaluations of time have been based on periodical phenomena such as the apparent motion of the Sun. Indeed, the oldest unit of time is the day. The apparent motion of the Moon and of the celestial sphere, including changes in the appearance of the former, provided longer units, namely, week, month and year. All these periodical phenomen- the natural clocks - were obviously well suited to the observation and prediction of the evolution of nature with its seasonal rhythm. The gnomon and the clepsydra gave reasonably precise subdivisions of the day that could be used in timing human activities, so long as they were mostly agricultural. The invention of the pendulum and of balance wheel clocks marked the dawn of industrial civilisation, which soon de manded measurements of time with ever increasing precision over shorter and shorter periods.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

High Frequency Measurements and Noise in Electronic Circuits

Author: Douglas C. Smith

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780442006365

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 232

View: 5538

This ready reference provides electrical engineers with practical information on accurate methods for measuring signals and noise in electronic circuits as well as methods for locating and reducing high frequency noise generated by circuits or external interference. Engineers often find that measuring and mitigating high frequency noise signals in electronic circuits can be problematic when utilizing common measurement methods. Demonstrating the innovative solutions he developed as a Distinguished Member of Technical Staff at AT&T/Bell Laboratories, solutions which earned him numerous U.S. and foreign patents, Douglas Smith has written the most definitive work on this subject. Smith explains design problems related to the new high frequency electronic standards, and then systematically provides laboratory proven methods for making accurate noise measurements, while demonstrating how these results should be interpreted. The technical background needed to conduct these experiments is provided as an aid to the novice, and as a reference for the professional. Smith also discusses theoretical concepts as they relate to practical applications. Many of the techniques Smith details in this book have been previously unpublished, and have been proven to solve problems in hours rather than in the days or weeks of effort it would take conventional techniques to yield results. Comprehensive and informative, this volume provides detailed coverage of such areas as: scope probe impedance, grounding, and effective bandwidth, differential measurement techniques, noise source location and identification, current probe characteristics, operation, and applications, characteristics of sources of interference to measurements and the minimization of their effects, minimizing coupling of external noise into the equipment under test by measurements, estimating the effect of a measurement on equipment operation, using digital scopes for single shot noise measurements, prediction of equipment electromagnetic interference (EMI) emission and susceptibility of performance, null experiments for validating measurement data, the relationship between high frequency noise and final product reliability. With governmental regulations and MIL standards now governing the emission of high frequency electronic noise and the susceptibility to pulsed EMI, the information presented in this guide is extremely pertinent. Electrical engineers will find High Frequency Measurements and Noise in Electronic Circuits an essential desktop reference for information and solutions, and engineering students will rely on it as a virtual source book for deciphering the "mysteries" unique to high frequency electronic circuits.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation

Author: A.V.Bakshi U.A.Bakshi

Publisher: Technical Publications

ISBN: 9788189411244


Page: 569

View: 8258

Theory of MeasurementPerformance Characteristics : Static & Dynamic standards, Error analysis : Sources, Types and Statistical analysis.TransducersPassive transducers : Resistive, Inductive and capacitiveActive transducers : Thermoelectrics, piezoelectric and photoelectric.Bridges : Direct current and alternating current bridges, LCR bridges.Analog MetersAC analog meters : Average Peak and RMS responding voltmeters, sampling voltmeters. Electronics Analog meters : Electronics analog DC and AC voltmeter and ammeters, Electronic analog ohmmeter and multimeter.Digital MetersAnalog to digital converter : Transfer characteristics, A/D Conversion techniques : Simple potentiometric and servo method, Successive approximation, Ramp type, Integrating and Dual-slope integrating method.D/A Converter : Transfer characteristics, D/A Conversion techniques, Digital mode of operation, Performance characteristics of D/A converters.Display devices : Decimal, BCD and straight binary number, Indicating system, Numeric and alphanumeric display using LCD and LED, Specification of digital meters : Display digit and Counts resolution, Sensitivity, Accuracy, Speed and Settling time etc.Oscilloscopes and RF MeasurementTypes of oscilloscopes, Controls, Measurements : Voltage, Frequency, Time and Phase. High frequency measurements - RF impedancy.Probes : Types of probes, Probe loading and Measurement effect, Probe specifications.Signal Generators and AnalyzersSignal Generators : Sine-wave, Non-sinusoidal and Function generators, Frequency synthesis techniques and digital signal generators.Signal Analyzers : Distortion, Wave and Network spectrum analyzers.
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Instrumentation for Process Measurement and Control, Third Editon

Author: Norman A. Anderson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849398711

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 6582

The perennially bestselling third edition of Norman A. Anderson's Instrumentation for Process Measurement and Control provides an outstanding and practical reference for both students and practitioners. It introduces the fields of process measurement and feedback control and bridges the gap between basic technology and more sophisticated systems. Keeping mathematics to a minimum, the material meets the needs of the instrumentation engineer or technician who must learn how equipment operates. I t covers pneumatic and electronic control systems, actuators and valves, control loop adjustment, combination control systems, and process computers and simulation
Posted in Science

Measurement Science for Engineers

Author: Paul Regtien,F. van der Heijden,M. J. Korsten,W Otthius

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080536019

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 3026

This volume, from an international authority on the subject, deals with the physical and instrumentation aspects of measurement science, the availability of major measurement tools, and how to use them. This book not only lays out basic concepts of electronic measurement systems, but also provides numerous examples and exercises for the student. · Ideal for courses on instrumentation, control engineering and physics · Numerous worked examples and student exercises
Posted in Science

Measurement and Instrumentation

Theory and Application

Author: Alan S Morris,Reza Langari

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128011327

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 726

View: 3565

Measurement and Instrumentation: Theory and Application, Second Edition, introduces undergraduate engineering students to measurement principles and the range of sensors and instruments used for measuring physical variables. This updated edition provides new coverage of the latest developments in measurement technologies, including smart sensors, intelligent instruments, microsensors, digital recorders, displays, and interfaces, also featuring chapters on data acquisition and signal processing with LabVIEW from Dr. Reza Langari. Written clearly and comprehensively, this text provides students and recently graduated engineers with the knowledge and tools to design and build measurement systems for virtually any engineering application. Provides early coverage of measurement system design to facilitate a better framework for understanding the importance of studying measurement and instrumentation Covers the latest developments in measurement technologies, including smart sensors, intelligent instruments, microsensors, digital recorders, displays, and interfaces Includes significant material on data acquisition and signal processing with LabVIEW Extensive coverage of measurement uncertainty aids students’ ability to determine the accuracy of instruments and measurement systems
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Laser-Based Measurements for Time and Frequency Domain Applications

A Handbook

Author: Pasquale Maddaloni,Marco Bellini,Paolo De Natale

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1439841535

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 764

View: 7314

Foreword by Nobel laureate Professor Theodor W. Hänsch of Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München Based on the authors’ experimental work over the last 25 years, Laser-Based Measurements for Time and Frequency Domain Applications: A Handbook presents basic concepts, state-of-the-art applications, and future trends in optical, atomic, and molecular physics. It provides all the background information on the main kinds of laser sources and techniques, offers a detailed account of the most recent results obtained for time- and frequency-domain applications of lasers, and develops the theoretical framework necessary for understanding the experimental applications. After a historical introduction, the book describes the basic concepts and mathematical tools required for studying the physics of oscillators. It then discusses microwave and optical resonators, crucial aspects of operation and fundamental properties of lasers, and precision spectroscopy and absolute frequency metrology. It also focuses on microwave and optical frequency standards and explores current and potential research directions. Accessible to scientists, postdoc researchers, and advanced undergraduate students, this self-contained book gives a wide-ranging, balanced overview of the areas—including frequency standards and clocks, ultra-high-precision spectroscopy, quantum information, and environmental metrology—revolutionized by the recent advent of optical frequency comb synthesizers (OFCSs) based on femtosecond mode-locked lasers. The book is also a useful guide to cutting-edge research for manufacturers of advanced laser systems and optical devices.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Electrical Measurement and Control (WBSCTE)

Author: S.K. Bhattacharya & S. Bhattacharya

Publisher: Vikas Publishing House

ISBN: 9325984598

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 1756

This book has been written with total focus on meeting the objectives of the subject 'Electrical Measurement and Control' as given by the syllabus of WBSCTE. The text has been written so as to create interest in the minds of students in learning further. After reading this book the student will be able to: • Identify the sub-systems of a complete instrumentation system and explain the function of each • Select the correct transducer for receiving the measurement system input • Explain the basic signal conditioning processes, data transmission techniques, data storage and display devices • Understand the working of control devices used in motor controls and process controls • Represent a control system in a simplified block diagram form using transfer function • Determine the stability conditions of a system using stability study criteria and explain the use of different types of controllers
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Electronic Measurement Techniques

Author: D. F. A. Edwards

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 1483279871

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 390

View: 578

Electronic Measurement Techniques provides practical information concerning the techniques in electronic measurements and a working knowledge on how to adopt and use the appropriate measuring instruments. SI units are used as the unit of measurement in the book. The text contains chapters focusing on a variety of measurement techniques. The initial chapter discusses the system of measurements and principles used in electronic measurements. Subsequent chapters cover instruments for direct current measurement, electronic voltmeters, methods for the measurement of alternating currents and potential differences, and measurement of power. Chapters are also devoted to the elaboration of the construction of standards for comparison purposes and the measurement of non-electrical quantities. Engineers will find the book very useful.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Introduction to Control System Performance Measurements

The Commonwealth and International Library: Automatic Control Division

Author: K. C. Garner

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 148319115X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 214

View: 5022

Introduction to Control System Performance Measurements presents the methods of dynamic measurements, specifically as they apply to control system and component testing. This book provides an introduction to the concepts of statistical measurement methods. Organized into nine chapters, this book begins with an overview of the applications of automatic control systems that pervade almost every area of activity ranging from servomechanisms to electrical power distribution networks. This text then discusses the common measurement transducer functions. Other chapters consider the basic waveforms that enable the experimenter to excite the system under test with relatively simple apparatus. This book discusses as well the military and economic significance of control systems. The final chapter deals with a significant class of systems, particularly in the aerospace and communication fields, in which the useful information or command signal to the system is heavily contaminated with noise. This book is a valuable resource for final year degree or postgraduate students.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Ultrasonic Measurements for Process Control

Theory, Techniques, Applications

Author: Lawrence C. Lynnworth

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0323138039

Category: Science

Page: 694

View: 3883

Engineers, scientists, and technologists will find here, for the first time, a clear and comprehensive account of applications of ultrasonics in the field of process control. Using numerous examples of high-volume, low-cost applications, the author illustrates how the use of new transducer materials and designs, combined with microprocessor-based electronics, make technical and financial sense for concepts that only a few years ago might have been of interest only to academicians. Some of the important topics covered include coupling, acoustic isolation, transducer and sensor design, and signal detection in the presence of noise.
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Quantum Measurement and Control

Author: Howard M. Wiseman,Gerard J. Milburn

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521804426

Category: Science

Page: 460

View: 380

Modern quantum measurement for graduate students and researchers in quantum information, quantum metrology, quantum control and related fields.
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Measurement and Instrumentation Principles

Author: Alan S Morris

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080496482

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 512

View: 4640

'Measurement and Instrumentation Principles' is the latest edition of a successful book that introduces undergraduate students to the measurement principles and the range of sensors and instruments that are used for measuring physical variables. Completely updated to include new technologies such as smart sensors, displays and interfaces, the 3rd edition also contains plenty of worked examples and self-assessment questions (and solutions). In addition, a new chapter on safety issues focuses on the legal framework, electrical safety and failsafe designs, and the author has also concentrated on RF and optical wireless communications. Fully up-to-date and comprehensively written, this textbook is essential for all engineering undergraduates, especially those in the first two years of their course. Completely updated Includes new technologies such as smart sensors and displays
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Wind Farm Noise

Measurement, Assessment, and Control

Author: Colin H. Hansen,Con J. Doolan,Kristy L. Hansen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111882606X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 624

View: 7032

A comprehensive guide to wind farm noise prediction, measurement, assessment, control and effects on people Wind Farm Noise covers all aspects associated with the generation, measurement, propagation, regulation and adverse health effects of noise produced by large horizontal-axis wind turbines of the type used in wind farms. The book begins with a brief history of wind turbine development and the regulation of their noise at sensitive receivers. Also included is an introductory chapter on the fundamentals of acoustics relevant to wind turbine noise so that readers are well prepared for understanding later chapters on noise measurements, noise generation mechanisms, noise propagation modelling and the assessment of the noise at surrounding residences. Key features: Potential adverse health effects of wind farm noise are discussed in an objective way. Means for calculating the noise at residences due to a wind farm prior to construction are covered in detail along with uncertainty estimates. The effects of meteorological conditions and other influences, such as obstacles, ground cover and atmospheric absorption, on noise levels at residences are explained. Quantities that should be measured as well as how to best measure them in order to properly characterise wind farm noise are discussed in detail. Noise generation mechanisms and possible means for their control are discussed as well as aspects of wind farm noise that still require further research to be properly understood. The book provides comprehensive coverage of the topic, containing both introductory and advanced level material.
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Measurement and Control of Charged Particle Beams

Author: Michiko G. Minty,Frank Zimmermann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540441878

Category: Science

Page: 364

View: 5325

This advanced textbook and reference is the first comprehensive and systematic review of all methods used for the measurement, correction, and control of the beam dynamics of modern particle accelerators. Based on material presented in several lectures at the US Particle Accelerator School, the text is intended for graduate students starting research or work in the field of beam physics. Relativistic beams in linear accelerators and storage rings provide the focus. After a review of linear optics, the text addresses basic and advanced techniques for beam control, plus a variety of methods for the manipulation of particle-beam properties. In each case, specific procedures are illustrated by examples from operational accelerators, e.g., CERN, DESY, SLAC, KEK, LBNL, and FNAL. The book also treats special topics such as injection and extraction methods, beam cooling, spin transport, and polarization. Problems and solutions enhance the book’s usefulness in graduate courses.
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Control of Energy Storage

Author: William Holderbaum

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 3038424943

Category: Science

Page: 318

View: 8811

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Control of Energy Storage" that was published in Energies
Posted in Science

The Condensed Handbook of Measurement and Control

Author: N. E. Battikha

Publisher: Isa

ISBN: 9781556179952

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 441

View: 3088

Selecting and implementing measurement and control devices for process automation applications is made easier with this best-selling reference. This clear and concise third edition provides quick access to ISA symbology, instrument and control valve selection criteria, and conversion guidelines, with new sections on maintenance, calibration, decision-making skills, and consulting. A bonus CD-ROM is also included. Whether you are an experienced engineer, technician, salesperson, or project manager, or new to the field, you will better understand how to assess, compare, and select the various methods of measurement and control with this valuable and economical handbook in your library.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Sensors for Measurement and Control

Author: Peter Elgar

Publisher: Prentice Hall


Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 159

View: 6299

Written as a complementary text to TecQuipment's sensors teaching package, but useful as a stand alone reference, Sensors for Measurment and Control describes the principles and applications of sensors used in engineering.
Posted in Technology & Engineering