Deeskalation von Konflikten der Großmächte zwischen Krimkrieg und Erstem Weltkrieg, 1865–1914
Author: Jost Dülffer,Martin Kröger,Rolf-Harald Wippich
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Auch wenn die Genese des Ersten Weltkriegs - der "Ur-Katastrophe" des 20. Jahrhunderts - als gründlich erforscht gilt, verzeichnet die Geschichte des Kriegsausbruchs immer noch Bereiche, deren Bearbeitung bislang vernachlässigt wurde. Zu ihnen gehört die französische Außenpolitik in der Julikrise 1914. Obwohl in der wissenschaftlichen Kontroverse der Zwischenkriegszeit kein Konsens über Motive und Absichten des "forgotten belligerent of July 1914" (John W. Langdon) gefunden werden konnte, sind dem Gegenstand nach 1945 nur wenige Untersuchungen gewidmet. In dieses bislang kaum beachtete Terrain stößt die Studie vor. Nicht zuletzt auf der Grundlage neuer Quellen entwirft sie im Gegensatz zur älteren Forschung von Frankreich das Bild einer Großmacht, die im Juli 1914 einen äußerst riskanten und den Krieg bereitwillig in Kauf nehmenden außenpolitischen Kurs der machtpolitischen Pression und militärischen Demonstration steuerte, um ihren Rang im internationalen Staatensystem zu behaupten.
Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des Ausbruchs des Ersten Weltkrieges
Author: Stefan Schmidt
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Die Aufteilung Afrikas bildet einen der spektakul�rsten Ereignisbogen der Neueren Geschichte ueberhaupt. Im Jahre 1880 den Europ�ern noch immer unbekannt, war Afrika drei�ig Jahre sp�ter nahezu kontinentuebergreifend europ�ischer Verwaltung unterstellt. Rezensionen zur Originalausgabe: "This book is the most judicious and most evenhanded synthesis of the rich historiography concerning the partition of Africa. Its brilliance lies in its weaving in of the diplomatic records about all the European players involved, rather than relying on an account derived from one or two major powers ... It is this ability to refuse, to simplify, to present complexity, to underline the interplay between the unexpected and the expected, which constitutes the main achievement of this remarkable work and sets it off from others." Jan Vansina, University of Wisconsin at Madison "I have read this book with huge enjoyment and enlightenment. It is really a wonderful achievement: lively, vivid and intellectually persuasive." Simon Schama, Columbia University .
die Aufteilung Afrikas 1880-1914
Author: H. L. Wesseling
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag
Unruhen im Kosovo, Landbesetzungen in Ostafrika - das Zeitalter des Imperialismus wirkt bis in die Gegenwart hinein, und das Interesse an ihm ist ungebrochen. Gregor Schöllgen führt in seinem Band durch eine komplexe Epoche, die von den 1880er Jahren bis zum Ersten Weltkrieg reicht. Das Standardwerk wurde für die fünfte Auflage von Friedrich Kießling überarbeitet, erweitert und im Literaturteil auf den neuesten Stand gebracht.
Author: Gregor Schöllgen,Friedrich Kießling
Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag
Author: Eugen Weber
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Public opinion had roots in the nineteenth century with the develop ment of industrialization. What is this public? It is the mass of individuals who comprise a society or a nation; this mass in turn is divided into many groups, which have their own interests, prejudices, and beliefs. A govern ment, whether democratic or not, is well aware of the power of public opinion and is anxious to measure and shape it. All three branches of government may direct and educate public thinking, using the instru ments of propaganda. Propaganda is any idea and action designed to influence the views and actions of others. Today's means of propaganda are books, newspapers, radio, movies, television, public schools, and lastly the rostrum. Molders of opinion believe that words, sounds, and pictures accomplish little unless they are carefully organized and inte grated into a well-conceived plan. Once this is accomplished, the ideas 1 conveyed by the words will become part of the people themselves. Special techniques, such as the employment of fear and the play on prejudices, have been used quite succesfully by modern states to impose their own dogmas and policies. Because the social scientist has been aware of the study of public opinion, he may have concluded that it was a modern innovation; but governments have always been concerned with public opinion, though not always understanding it, and have attempted to influence it.
A Study of Government-Inspired Brochures on French Foreign Policy in their Propaganda Milieu
Author: N. Isser
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Innenansicht einer Aussenpolitik
Author: Georg Kreis
From the late imperial period until 1922, the British and French made private and government loans to Russia, making it the foremost international debtor country in pre-World War I Europe. To finance the modernization of industry, the construction of public works projects, the building of railroads, and the development of the military-industrial complex, Russia's ministers of finance, municipal leaders, and nascent manufacturing class turned, time and time again, to foreign capital. From the forging of the Franco-Russian alliance onwards, Russia's needs were met, first and foremost, by France and Great Britain, its allies, and diplomatic partners in the developing Triple Entente. Russia's continued access to those ready lenders ensured that the empire of the Tsars would not be tempted away from its alliance and entente partners. This web of financial and political interdependence affected both foreign policy and domestic society in all three countries. The Russian state was so heavily indebted to its western creditors, rendering those western economies almost prisoners to this debt, that the debtor nation in many ways had the upper hand; the Russian government at times was actually able to dictate policy to its French and British counterparts. Those nations' investing classes-which, in France in particular, spanned not only the upper classes but the middle, rentier class, as well-had such a vast proportion of their savings wrapped up in Russian bonds that any default would have been catastrophic for their own economies. That default came not long after the Bolshevik Revolution brought to power a government who felt no responsibility, whatsoever, for the debts accrued by the tsars for the purpose of oppressing Russia's workers and peasants. The ensuing effect on allied morale, the Anglo-French relationship, and, ultimately, on international relations in the twentieth century, was grim and far-reaching. Jennifer Siegel narrates a classic tale of money and power in the modern era-an age of economic interconnectivity and great power interdependency-involving such figures as Lord Revelstoke, chairman of Baring Brothers, the British and French Rothschild cousins, and Sergei Witte, Russia's authoritative finance minister during much of this age of expansion. For Peace and Money highlights the importance of foreign capital in policymaking on the origins and conduct of World War I.
French and British Finance in the Service of Tsars and Commissars
Author: Jennifer Siegel
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Despite the liberalized reconfiguration of civil society and political practice in nineteenth-century Europe, the right to make foreign policy, devise alliances, wage war and negotiate peace remained essentially an executive prerogative. Citizen challenges to the exercise of this power grew slowly. Drawn from the educated middle classes, peace activists maintained that Europe was a single culture despite national animosities; that Europe needed rational inter-state relationships to avoid catastrophe; and that internationalism was the logical outgrowth of the nation-state, not its subversion. In this book, Cooper explores the arguments of these "patriotic pacifists" with emphasis on the remarkable international peace movement that grew between 1889 and 1914. While the first World War revealed the limitations and dilemmas of patriotic pacifism, the shape, if not substance, of many twentieth-century international institutions was prefigured in nineteenth-century continental pacifism.
Waging War on War in Europe, 1815-1914
Author: Sandi E. Cooper
Publisher: Oxford University Press
The Islamic Orient studies the travel accounts of four British travelers during the nineteenth century. Through a critical analysis of these works, the author examines and questions Edward Said’s concept of "Orientalism" and "Orientalist" discourse: his argument that the orientalist view had such a strong influence on westerners that they invariably perceived the orient through the lens of orientalism. On the contrary, the author argues, no single factor had an overwhelming influence on them. She shows that westerners often struggled with their own conceptions of the orient, and being away for long periods from their homelands, were in fact able to stand between cultures and view them both as insiders and outsiders. The literary devices used to examine these writings are structure, characterization, satire, landscape description, and word choice, as also the social and political milieu of the writers. The major influences in the author’s analysis are Said, Foucault, Abdel-Malek and Marie Louise Pratt.
British Travel Writers of the Nineteenth Century
Author: Pallavi Pandit Laisram
die Parlamente in Frankreich, Deutschland und Grossbritannien und die erste Marokkokrise 1904-1906
Author: Martin Mayer
Category: Moroccan Crisis, 1904-1906
Author: Johannes Janorschke
Erfolg und Grenzen einer europäischen Friedensordnung
Author: Herbert Elzer
politics and society
Author: Robert David Anderson
Publisher: Routledge and Kegan Paul
Parteiensysteme und Politikstile in Deutschland, Frankreich und Grossbritannien
Author: Elfi Bendikat
Category: Political parties
die Haager Friedenskonferenzen von 1899 und 1907 in der internationalen Politik
Author: Jost Dülffer
Category: International Peace Conference
Öffentlichkeit und Diplomatie in den deutsch-britischen Beziehungen (1896-1912)
Author: Dominik Geppert
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Category: Library catalogs
Major new account of the role and performance of the French army in the First World War.
Author: Elizabeth Greenhalgh
Publisher: Cambridge University Press