Vermiedene Kriege

Deeskalation von Konflikten der Großmächte zwischen Krimkrieg und Erstem Weltkrieg, 1865–1914

Author: Jost Dülffer,Martin Kröger,Rolf-Harald Wippich

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3486830341

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 7772

Posted in History

Frankreichs Außenpolitik in der Julikrise 1914

Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des Ausbruchs des Ersten Weltkrieges

Author: Stefan Schmidt

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3486850482

Category: History

Page: 434

View: 2333

Auch wenn die Genese des Ersten Weltkriegs - der "Ur-Katastrophe" des 20. Jahrhunderts - als gründlich erforscht gilt, verzeichnet die Geschichte des Kriegsausbruchs immer noch Bereiche, deren Bearbeitung bislang vernachlässigt wurde. Zu ihnen gehört die französische Außenpolitik in der Julikrise 1914. Obwohl in der wissenschaftlichen Kontroverse der Zwischenkriegszeit kein Konsens über Motive und Absichten des "forgotten belligerent of July 1914" (John W. Langdon) gefunden werden konnte, sind dem Gegenstand nach 1945 nur wenige Untersuchungen gewidmet. In dieses bislang kaum beachtete Terrain stößt die Studie vor. Nicht zuletzt auf der Grundlage neuer Quellen entwirft sie im Gegensatz zur älteren Forschung von Frankreich das Bild einer Großmacht, die im Juli 1914 einen äußerst riskanten und den Krieg bereitwillig in Kauf nehmenden außenpolitischen Kurs der machtpolitischen Pression und militärischen Demonstration steuerte, um ihren Rang im internationalen Staatensystem zu behaupten.
Posted in History

Teile und herrsche

die Aufteilung Afrikas 1880-1914

Author: H. L. Wesseling

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag

ISBN: 9783515075435

Category: History

Page: 385

View: 4808

Die Aufteilung Afrikas bildet einen der spektakul�rsten Ereignisbogen der Neueren Geschichte ueberhaupt. Im Jahre 1880 den Europ�ern noch immer unbekannt, war Afrika drei�ig Jahre sp�ter nahezu kontinentuebergreifend europ�ischer Verwaltung unterstellt. Rezensionen zur Originalausgabe: "This book is the most judicious and most evenhanded synthesis of the rich historiography concerning the partition of Africa. Its brilliance lies in its weaving in of the diplomatic records about all the European players involved, rather than relying on an account derived from one or two major powers ... It is this ability to refuse, to simplify, to present complexity, to underline the interplay between the unexpected and the expected, which constitutes the main achievement of this remarkable work and sets it off from others." Jan Vansina, University of Wisconsin at Madison "I have read this book with huge enjoyment and enlightenment. It is really a wonderful achievement: lively, vivid and intellectually persuasive." Simon Schama, Columbia University .
Posted in History

Das Zeitalter des Imperialismus

Author: Gregor Schöllgen,Friedrich Kießling

Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag

ISBN: 348670088X

Category: History

Page: 338

View: 4936

Unruhen im Kosovo, Landbesetzungen in Ostafrika - das Zeitalter des Imperialismus wirkt bis in die Gegenwart hinein, und das Interesse an ihm ist ungebrochen. Gregor Schöllgen führt in seinem Band durch eine komplexe Epoche, die von den 1880er Jahren bis zum Ersten Weltkrieg reicht. Das Standardwerk wurde für die fünfte Auflage von Friedrich Kießling überarbeitet, erweitert und im Literaturteil auf den neuesten Stand gebracht.
Posted in History

The Second Empire and the Press

A Study of Government-Inspired Brochures on French Foreign Policy in their Propaganda Milieu

Author: N. Isser

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401020639

Category: History

Page: 241

View: 4041

Public opinion had roots in the nineteenth century with the develop ment of industrialization. What is this public? It is the mass of individuals who comprise a society or a nation; this mass in turn is divided into many groups, which have their own interests, prejudices, and beliefs. A govern ment, whether democratic or not, is well aware of the power of public opinion and is anxious to measure and shape it. All three branches of government may direct and educate public thinking, using the instru ments of propaganda. Propaganda is any idea and action designed to influence the views and actions of others. Today's means of propaganda are books, newspapers, radio, movies, television, public schools, and lastly the rostrum. Molders of opinion believe that words, sounds, and pictures accomplish little unless they are carefully organized and inte grated into a well-conceived plan. Once this is accomplished, the ideas 1 conveyed by the words will become part of the people themselves. Special techniques, such as the employment of fear and the play on prejudices, have been used quite succesfully by modern states to impose their own dogmas and policies. Because the social scientist has been aware of the study of public opinion, he may have concluded that it was a modern innovation; but governments have always been concerned with public opinion, though not always understanding it, and have attempted to influence it.
Posted in History

For Peace and Money

French and British Finance in the Service of Tsars and Commissars

Author: Jennifer Siegel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199387834

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 5854

From the late imperial period until 1922, the British and French made private and government loans to Russia, making it the foremost international debtor country in pre-World War I Europe. To finance the modernization of industry, the construction of public works projects, the building of railroads, and the development of the military-industrial complex, Russia's ministers of finance, municipal leaders, and nascent manufacturing class turned, time and time again, to foreign capital. From the forging of the Franco-Russian alliance onwards, Russia's needs were met, first and foremost, by France and Great Britain, its allies, and diplomatic partners in the developing Triple Entente. Russia's continued access to those ready lenders ensured that the empire of the Tsars would not be tempted away from its alliance and entente partners. This web of financial and political interdependence affected both foreign policy and domestic society in all three countries. The Russian state was so heavily indebted to its western creditors, rendering those western economies almost prisoners to this debt, that the debtor nation in many ways had the upper hand; the Russian government at times was actually able to dictate policy to its French and British counterparts. Those nations' investing classes-which, in France in particular, spanned not only the upper classes but the middle, rentier class, as well-had such a vast proportion of their savings wrapped up in Russian bonds that any default would have been catastrophic for their own economies. That default came not long after the Bolshevik Revolution brought to power a government who felt no responsibility, whatsoever, for the debts accrued by the tsars for the purpose of oppressing Russia's workers and peasants. The ensuing effect on allied morale, the Anglo-French relationship, and, ultimately, on international relations in the twentieth century, was grim and far-reaching. Jennifer Siegel narrates a classic tale of money and power in the modern era-an age of economic interconnectivity and great power interdependency-involving such figures as Lord Revelstoke, chairman of Baring Brothers, the British and French Rothschild cousins, and Sergei Witte, Russia's authoritative finance minister during much of this age of expansion. For Peace and Money highlights the importance of foreign capital in policymaking on the origins and conduct of World War I.
Posted in History

Patriotic Pacifism

Waging War on War in Europe, 1815-1914

Author: Sandi E. Cooper

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199923388

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 9846

Despite the liberalized reconfiguration of civil society and political practice in nineteenth-century Europe, the right to make foreign policy, devise alliances, wage war and negotiate peace remained essentially an executive prerogative. Citizen challenges to the exercise of this power grew slowly. Drawn from the educated middle classes, peace activists maintained that Europe was a single culture despite national animosities; that Europe needed rational inter-state relationships to avoid catastrophe; and that internationalism was the logical outgrowth of the nation-state, not its subversion. In this book, Cooper explores the arguments of these "patriotic pacifists" with emphasis on the remarkable international peace movement that grew between 1889 and 1914. While the first World War revealed the limitations and dilemmas of patriotic pacifism, the shape, if not substance, of many twentieth-century international institutions was prefigured in nineteenth-century continental pacifism.
Posted in History

Viewing the Islamic Orient

British Travel Writers of the Nineteenth Century

Author: Pallavi Pandit Laisram

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317809297

Category: History

Page: 268

View: 5024

The Islamic Orient studies the travel accounts of four British travelers during the nineteenth century. Through a critical analysis of these works, the author examines and questions Edward Said’s concept of "Orientalism" and "Orientalist" discourse: his argument that the orientalist view had such a strong influence on westerners that they invariably perceived the orient through the lens of orientalism. On the contrary, the author argues, no single factor had an overwhelming influence on them. She shows that westerners often struggled with their own conceptions of the orient, and being away for long periods from their homelands, were in fact able to stand between cultures and view them both as insiders and outsiders. The literary devices used to examine these writings are structure, characterization, satire, landscape description, and word choice, as also the social and political milieu of the writers. The major influences in the author’s analysis are Said, Foucault, Abdel-Malek and Marie Louise Pratt.
Posted in History

Geheime Diplomatie und öffentliche Meinung

die Parlamente in Frankreich, Deutschland und Grossbritannien und die erste Marokkokrise 1904-1906

Author: Martin Mayer

Publisher: N.A


Category: Moroccan Crisis, 1904-1906

Page: 383

View: 8576

Posted in Moroccan Crisis, 1904-1906

Bismarcks Bündnispolitik von 1887

Erfolg und Grenzen einer europäischen Friedensordnung

Author: Herbert Elzer

Publisher: N.A


Category: Germany

Page: 507

View: 7054

Posted in Germany

France, 1870-1914

politics and society

Author: Robert David Anderson

Publisher: Routledge and Kegan Paul


Category: History

Page: 215

View: 2639

Posted in History

Wahlkämpfe in Europa 1884 bis 1889

Parteiensysteme und Politikstile in Deutschland, Frankreich und Grossbritannien

Author: Elfi Bendikat

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783824440108

Category: Political parties

Page: 501

View: 1146

Posted in Political parties

Regeln gegen den Krieg?

die Haager Friedenskonferenzen von 1899 und 1907 in der internationalen Politik

Author: Jost Dülffer

Publisher: N.A


Category: International Peace Conference

Page: 434

View: 5110

Posted in International Peace Conference


Öffentlichkeit und Diplomatie in den deutsch-britischen Beziehungen (1896-1912)

Author: Dominik Geppert

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3486707493

Category: History

Page: 498

View: 5121

Posted in History

The French Army and the First World War

Author: Elizabeth Greenhalgh

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110701235X

Category: History

Page: 486

View: 6517

Major new account of the role and performance of the French army in the First World War.
Posted in History