Freedom and the Pursuit of Happiness

An Economic and Political Perspective

Author: Sebastiano Bavetta,Pietro Navarra,Dario Maimone,Dario Patti

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107037735

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 253

View: 7180

This book is about the relationship between different concepts of freedom and happiness, with implications for public policy.
Posted in Business & Economics

The Political Economy of Human Happiness

How Voters' Choices Determine the Quality of Life

Author: Benjamin Radcliff

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107355354

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 3934

Data, methods and theories of contemporary social science can be applied to resolve how political outcomes in democratic societies determine the quality of life that citizens experience. Radcliff seeks to provide an objective answer to the debate between left and right over what public policies best contribute to people leading positive and rewarding lives. Radcliff offers an empirical answer, relying on the same canons of reason and evidence required of any other issue amenable to study through social-scientific means. The analysis focuses on the consequences of three specific political issues: the welfare state and the general size of government, labor organization, and state efforts to protect workers and consumers through economic regulation. The results indicate that in each instance, the program of the Left best contributes to citizens leading more satisfying lives and, critically, that the benefits of greater happiness accrue to everyone in society, rich and poor alike.
Posted in Political Science

Theological Perspectives for Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness

Public Intellectuals for the Twenty-First Century

Author: A. Isasi-Diaz,M. Fulkerson,R. Carbine

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137372214

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 8398

Rather than wield religion as a weapon or a ruse in irrational appeals, the book attempts to reimagine a shared American mythos and ethos, by reminding us of our shared stake in creating an America committed to the life of all peoples and species and to the full developments of our capabilities as an exercise of liberty.
Posted in Social Science

The Pursuit of Happiness

An Economy of Well-Being

Author: Carol Graham

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815724047

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 164

View: 5480

In The Pursuit of Happiness, the latest addition to the Brookings FOCUS series, Carol Graham explores what we know about the determinants of happiness, acrossand within countries at different stages of development. She then takes a look at just what we can do with that new knowledge and clearly presents both the promise and thepotential pitfalls of injecting the "economics of happiness" into public policymaking. This burgeoning field, largely a product of collaboration between economists and psychologists, is gaining great currency worldwide. One of a handful of pioneers to studythis topic a mere decade ago, Graham is understandably excited about how far the concept has come and its possible utility in the future. The British, French, and Braziliangovernments already have introduced happiness metrics into their benchmarks of national progress, and the U.S. government could follow suit. But "happiness" as a yardstick to help measure a nation's well-being is still a relatively new approach, and many questions remain unanswered. The Pursuit of Happiness spotlights the innovative contributions of happiness research to the dismal science. But it also raises a cautionary note about the issues that stillneed to be addressed before policymakers can make best use of them. An effective definition of well-being that goes beyond measuring income —the Gross National Productapproach —could very well lead to improved understanding of poverty and economic welfare. But the question remains: how best to measure and quantify happiness? While scholars have developed rigorous measures of well-being that can be included in our statistics —as the British are already doing —to what degree should we use such metrics to shape and evaluate policy, particularly in assessing development outcomes? Graham considers a number of unanswered questions, such as whether policy should be more concerned with increasing day-to-day contentment or with providing greater opportunity to build a fulfilling life. Other issues include whether we care more about the happiness of today's citizens or that of future generations. Policies such as reducing our fiscal deficits or reforming our health care system, for example, typically require sacrificing current consumption and immediate well-being for better long-run outcomes. Another is whether policy should focus on reducing misery or raising general levels ofwell-being beyond their relatively high levels, in the same way that reducing poverty is only one choice among many objectives in our macroeconomic policy. Employing the new metrics without attention to these questions could produce mistakes that might undermine the long-term prospects for a truly meaningful economics of well-being. Despite this cautionary note, Graham points out that it is surely a positive development that some of our public attention is going to better understanding and enhancing the well-being of our citizens, rather than emphasizing the rootsof their divide.
Posted in Business & Economics

The H-Spot

The Feminist Pursuit of Happiness

Author: Jill Filipovic

Publisher: Nation Books

ISBN: 1568585489

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 6117

What do women want? The same thing men were promised in the Declaration of Independence: happiness, or at least the freedom to pursue it. For women, though, pursuing happiness is a complicated endeavor, and if you head out into America and talk to women one-on-one, as Jill Filipovic has done, you'll see that happiness is indelibly shaped by the constraints of gender, the expectations of feminine sacrifice, and the myriad ways that womanhood itself differs along lines of race, class, location, and identity. In The H-Spot, Filipovic argues that the main obstacle standing in-between women and happiness is a rigged system. In this world of unfinished feminism, men have long been able to "have it all" because of free female labor, while the bar of achievement for women has only gotten higher. Never before have women at every economic level had to work so much (whether it's to be an accomplished white-collar employee or just make ends meet). Never before have the standards of feminine perfection been so high. And never before have the requirements for being a "good mother" been so extreme. If our laws and policies made women's happiness and fulfillment a goal in and of itself, Filipovic contends, many of our country's most contentious political issues--from reproductive rights to equal pay to welfare spending--would swiftly be resolved. Filipovic argues that it is more important than ever to prioritize women's happiness-and that doing so will make men's lives better, too. Here, she provides an outline for a feminist movement we all need and a blueprint for how policy, laws, and society can deliver on the promise of the pursuit of happiness for all.
Posted in Social Science

Constitutional Values and European Contract Law

Author: Stefan Grundmann

Publisher: Kluwer Law International

ISBN: 9041127658

Category: Law

Page: 265

View: 3408

Two major developments in European Private and European Business Law come together when we speak about "Constitutional Values and European Contract Law". European Contract Law has become extreme¬ly dynamic over the last 10 years, both in substance and perspec¬tive: all core areas are considered now in legal science and in EC legislation, and there are even the prospects of some kind of codification. On the other hand, constitutional values and their impact on private law have been an issue of high concern in major Member States over decades, namely Italy and Germany, but as well the Netherlands - hence the strong presence of scholars and practising lawyers from these countries in this book. Constitutional values have, however, found their way to the EC level and the national discussions have inspired a European one, with three core values discussed: Fundamental Freedoms, fundamental rights and constitutional system building principles- such as the social welfare state or the rule of law. Their impact on private law can be sensed nowadays quite considerably also on the European level. These fundamental values are often seen as the ingredient, which renders European Private Law, namely European Contract Law, more responsive to social values or more "humane". For all these reasons, the book combines comparative law, EC Law and interdisciplinary approaches to the question "Constitutional Values and European Contract Law". Outstanding scholars from six Member States and beyond - quite a few also practising lawyers - discuss the issue and do so for the first time on such a broad and all encompassing basis.
Posted in Law

The Bioregional Economy

Land, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness

Author: Molly Scott Cato

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136181733

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 254

View: 4056

In a world of climate change and declining oil supplies, what is the plan for the provisioning of resources? Green economists suggest a need to replace the globalised economy, and its extended supply chains, with a more ‘local’ economy. But what does this mean in more concrete terms? How large is a local economy, how self-reliant can it be, and what resources will still need to be imported? The concept of the ‘bioregion’ — developed and popularised within the disciplines of earth sciences, biosciences and planning — may facilitate the reconceptualisation of the global economy as a system of largely self-sufficient local economies. A bioregional approach to economics assumes a different system of values to that which dominates neoclassical economics. The global economy is driven by growth, and the consumption ethic that matches this is one of expansion in range and quantity. Goods are defined as scarce, and access to them is a process based on competition. The bioregional approach challenges every aspect of that value system. It seeks a new ethic of consumption that prioritises locality, accountability and conviviality in the place of expansion and profit; it proposes a shift in the focus of the economy away from profits and towards provisioning; and it assumes a radical reorientation of work from employment towards livelihood. This book by leading green economist Molly Scott Cato sets out a visionary and yet rigorous account of what a bioregional approach to the economy would mean — and how to get there from here.
Posted in Business & Economics

9.78E+12

Second Edition Country Perspectives on Diversity and Equal Treatment

Author: Alain Klarsfeld,Lize A.E. Booysen,Eddy Ng,Ian Roper,Ahu Tatli

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 0857939319

Category: BUSINESS & ECONOMICS

Page: 320

View: 3892

The second edition of this important reference work provides important updates and new perspectives on the cases constituting the first edition as well as including contributions from a number of new countries: Australia, Finland, Japan, New Zealand, N
Posted in BUSINESS & ECONOMICS

Size Matters

How Big Government Puts the Squeeze on America's Families, Finances, and Freedom

Author: Joel J. Miller

Publisher: Thomas Nelson

ISBN: 9781418551735

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 1039

Your right to pursue happiness has been revoked by Big Government. Thousands of pages of regulations, millions of employees, and trillions of tax dollars . . . Big Government is bigger than ever, and as this bloated behemoth continues to fatten up and stretch out, it squeezes America's entrepreneurs, workers, and families - cutting our choices, limiting our opportunities, and squelching our right to pursue happiness. Every year, taxes increase, regulations pile higher, the cost of living goes up - and our quality of life suffers. So with everyone obsessing about the obesity problem in America, isn't it time we looked at the fat, flabby, overstretched, and overbloated behemoth that is American government? Size Matters shows through facts, figures, and head-spinning stories that as government increases in quantity, we all suffer a loss in life quality. Miller reveals the damning details of Big Government's impact on the lives of ordinary Americans. How it . . . reduces family income drives up the cost of housing, healthcare, and most every other consumer product or service hurts employment misdirects entrepreneurial efforts stifles vital marketplace creativity and innovation Bristling with drama and data, Size Matters reveals the real daily drawbacks of Big Government. It comes down to this . . . Big Government = Huge Problem. Size really does matter. "Miller explains how government overregulation and porkbarrelling are costing Americans money and freedom while politicians and special interests line their pockets. This book should be a political call to arms." -Glenn Reynolds, Instapundit.com; author of An Army of Davids "Great sport! Imagine Thomas Frank if he actually told the truth. Accessible, entertaining, informative, and relevant in the best sense of the word. Read this book and you'll never lose an argument to a liberal again." -Jack Cashill, author of Hoodwinked and Sucker Punch "Miller will make you excited about the potential of America-and spitting mad that Big Government keeps tripping us up." -Star Parker, author of Uncle Sam's Plantation "Who knew that reading about rapacious government growth could be so delectable?" -Nick Gillespie, editor-in-chief, Reason
Posted in Political Science

Harriet Martineau

Theoretical and Methodological Perspectives

Author: Michael R. Hill,Susan Hoecker-Drysdale

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415945288

Category: Social Science

Page: 233

View: 9051

The Essays in this volume explore the work of Harriet Martineau from a sociological perspective, highlighting her theoretical contributions in the areas of the sociology of labor, gender and political economy. The contributors each offer a contextual, theoretical and methodological assessment of her work beginning with the opportunities and challenges of utilizing Martineau pedagogically in the sociology classroom.
Posted in Social Science

In Pursuit

Of Happiness and Good Government

Author: Charles A. Murray

Publisher: Liberty Fund

ISBN: 9780865978430

Category: Philosophy

Page: 306

View: 920

Measuring success in social policy -- Coming to terms with happiness -- Enabling conditions and thresholds -- Material resources -- Safety -- Dignity, self-esteem, and self-respect -- Enjoyment, self-actualization, and intrinsic rewards -- Policy and an idea of man -- Asking a new question, getting new answers: evaluating results -- Asking a new question, getting new answers: designing solutions -- Searching for solutions that work: changing the metaphor -- Little platoons -- "To close the circle of our felicities.
Posted in Philosophy

A Nation for All

How the Catholic Vision of the Common Good Can Save America from the Politics of Division

Author: Senator Chris Korzen,Senator Alexia Kelley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470370211

Category: Religion

Page: 224

View: 7056

On the eve of the most important presidential election in decades, A NATION FOR ALL sounds the trumpet to the tens of millions of U.S. Catholics who have refused to buy the notion that people of faith must subscribe to the narrow agenda of the far right. By shining the light of authentic Catholic teaching on pressing contemporary concerns like war, human dignity, poverty, and the looming global climate crisis, this book shows Catholics how their own faith tradition calls them to tackle a sweeping array of issues commonly left out of the faith and politics dialog. Most important, A NATION FOR ALL demonstrates how the core Catholic and Christian belief in promoting the common good can provide Americans of all faith traditions with a much-needed solution to the downward spiral of greed, materialism, and excessive individualism.
Posted in Religion

On Liberty

Author: John Stuart Mill

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Civil rights

Page: 223

View: 9111

Posted in Civil rights

Liberal Democracy and Peace in South Africa

The Pursuit of Freedom as Dignity

Author: H. Kotzé,Pierre du Toit

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230116329

Category: Political Science

Page: 247

View: 6832

South Africa's transition to democracy was met by the global audience with at first, disbelief, followed later by applause. After fifteen years of democracy big questions remain: has a more democratic regime also lead to a more liberal society? And has democracy made for a more peaceful society?
Posted in Political Science

Family Problems

Stress, Risk, and Resilience

Author: Joyce A. Arditti

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118352696

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 1864

Family Problems: Stress, Risk, and Resilience presents an interdisciplinary collection of original essays that push the boundaries of family science to reflect the increasingly diverse complexity of family concerns in the modern world. Represents the most up-to-date family problem research while addressing such contemporary issues as parental incarceration, same sex marriage, health care disparities, and welfare reform Features brief chapter introductions that provide context and direction to guide the student to the heart of what’s important in the piece that follows Includes critical thinking questions to enhance the utility of the book for classroom use Responds to family problem issues through the lens of a social justice perspective
Posted in Social Science

Perpetuation of the United States of America

360-Degree Synchronization, Zero Defects

Author: John H. Davis

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1503521907

Category: History

Page: 172

View: 2153

The book addresses the concerted actions that the U.S. government and responsible citizens must take to resolve the current major recurring social, economic, political, and environmental problems and issues to save the nation from self-induced destruction. These problems and issues also make the nation vulnerable to hostile external threats, such as international terrorism and attacks against U.S. interests by adversarial nations. Former President Abraham Lincoln said, “America will never be destroyed from the outside. If we falter and lose our freedoms, it will be because we destroyed ourselves.” The current social, economic, and political situation and the negative attitudes manifested by many Americans could cause us to falter and suffer self-induced destruction. The publication highlights how the execution of the democratic process in accordance with the provisions of the U.S. Constitution; restoration the tradition family unit and national core values; embracing inherent duties and responsibilities; eradication of social, economic, and political injustices; and learning to live in harmony with mankind and nature can help eradicate major problems plaguing the United States today and ensure that this government of the people, by the people, for the people shall not perish from the earth.
Posted in History

Valuing Health

Well-Being, Freedom, and Suffering

Author: Daniel M. Hausman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190233214

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

View: 4705

In Valuing Health Daniel M. Hausman provides a philosophically sophisticated overview of generic health measurement that suggests improvements in standard methods and proposes a radical alternative. He shows how to avoid relying on surveys and instead evaluate health states directly. Hausman goes on to tackle the deep problems of evaluation, offering an account of fundamental evaluation that does not presuppose the assignment of values to the properties and consequences of alternatives. After discussing the purposes of generic health measurement, Hausman defends a naturalistic concept of health and its relations to measures such as quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). In examining current health-measurement systems, Valuing Health clarifies their value commitments and the objections to relying on preference surveys to assign values to health states. Relying on an interpretation of liberal political philosophy, Hausman argues that the public value of health states should be understood in terms of the activity limits and suffering that health states impose. Hausman also addresses the moral conundrums that arise when policy-makers attempt to employ the values of health states to estimate the health benefits of alternative policies and to adopt the most cost-effective. He concludes with a general discussion of the difficulties of combining consequentialist and non-consequentialist moral considerations in policy-making.
Posted in Philosophy