Food, Agriculture and Social Change

The Everyday Vitality of Latin America

Author: Stephen Sherwood,Alberto Arce,Myriam Paredes

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1315440075

Category: Social Science

Page: 250

View: 3603

In recent years, food studies scholarship has tended to focus on a number of increasingly abstract, largely unquestioned concepts with regard to how capital, markets and states organize and operate. This has led to a gulf between public policy and people’s realities with food as experienced in homes and on the streets. Through grounded case studies in seven Latin American countries, this book explores how development and social change in food and agriculture are fundamentally experiential, contingent and unpredictable. In viewing development in food as a socio-political-material experience, the authors find new objects, intersubjectivities and associations. These reveal a multiplicity of processes, effects and affects largely absent in current academic literature and public policy debates. In their attention to the contingency and creativity found in households, neighbourhoods and social networks, as well as at the borders of human–nonhuman experience, the book explores how people diversely meet their food needs and passions while confronting the region’s most pressing social, health and environmental concerns.
Posted in Social Science

Food, Diversity, Vulnerability and Social Change

Research Findings from Insular Southeast Asia

Author: Anke Niehof

Publisher: Wageningen Academic Pub

ISBN: 9086861393

Category: Social Science

Page: 141

View: 1194

Food is a universal basic need. The diverse ways in which people and households try to meet this need, the constraints they are up against in doing so, and the strategies they develop to reduce their vulnerability to food insecurity form the core of this book. A large range of findings on these subjects is reviewed and analysed, based on recent research carried out in Southeast Asia, with a focus on Indonesia and the Philippines.Household food provision and the nutritional status of household members reflect processes and outcomes that reach far beyond agricultural parameters of food production and biological indicators of nutrient intake. They evolve in a dynamic and gendered context shaped by ecological, socio-cultural, economic and political factors. Hence, research in the field provides a meeting ground for researchers with various disciplinary backgrounds, like agronomists, nutrition scientists, anthropologists, sociologists, and economists. The methodological implications of this are discussed in the book as well.
Posted in Social Science

Development and Social Change

A Global Perspective

Author: Philip McMichael

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506334067

Category: Social Science

Page: 424

View: 3171

In this new Sixth Edition of Development and Social Change: A Global Perspective, author Philip McMichael describes a world undergoing profound social, political, and economic transformations, from the post-World War II era through the present. He tells a story of development in four parts—colonialism, developmentalism, globalization, and sustainability—that shows how the global development “project” has taken different forms from one historical period to the next. Throughout the text, the underlying conceptual framework is that development is a political construct, created by dominant actors (states, multilateral institutions, corporations and economic coalitions) and based on unequal power arrangements. While rooted in ideas about progress and prosperity, development also produces crises that threaten the health and well-being of millions of people, and sparks organized resistance to its goals and policies. Frequent case studies make the intricacies of globalization concrete, meaningful, and clear. Development and Social Change: A Global Perspective challenges us to see ourselves as global citizens even as we are global consumers.
Posted in Social Science

Interactions: Food, Agriculture And Environment - Volume I

Author: G. Lysenko, ,Victor Squires,Willy H. Verheye

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 1848263333

Category:

Page: 458

View: 4940

Interactions: Food, Agriculture And Environment is a component of Encyclopedia of Environmental and Ecological Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on Interactions: Food, Agriculture and Environment focuses on methods to ensure the development of agriculture and food production to be in dialectic unity with the surrounding natural environment. In every country of the world agriculture always faces complex problems: how to significantly increase production of agricultural products to supply the population with sufficient food, and industry with sufficient raw materials, and how to satisfy the permanently growing demand. The acuteness of this task has always been linked with the demographic factor and the need to guarantee the population with a high living standard free of starvation and poverty. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.
Posted in

Transformation and Sustainability in Agriculture

Connecting Practice with Social Theory

Author: Sietze Vellema

Publisher: Wageningen Academic Pub

ISBN: 908686161X

Category: Social Science

Page: 167

View: 1530

Public pressure and societal changes induce interventions and policies, which aim to transform agriculture and food provision. This book shows that for upscaling novel practices and organizational models it is important to include meso-level regime aspects in analysis and practice. The argument presented is that our understanding of the human and social dimensions of transformation processes can be enriched by anchoring practice and policy in social theory. A focus on transitions offers a clear view on the direction and velocity of change. This publication aims to complement this by highlighting theoretical insights in the social or institutional mechanisms enabling or hindering change. Essays on a selection of theorists, varying from idealist or materialist accounts, to actor or system approaches, examine what the presented explanatory framework on social change offers in terms of guidance for intervention and action. The value of these theoretical insights is further explored in a selection of case studies in agriculture and food: rural reconstruction in horticulture and livestock, seed supply systems, and pest control. Each case study systematically applies six theoretical frameworks with the purpose of investigating what novel insights arise from looking at the change process from a particular perspective. Through this exercise the often implicit assumptions of hands-on change processes surface.This book is of interest to practitioners engaged in changing current practices in agriculture and food provision, policy makers interested in grasping why transitions are challenging, applied researchers who like to move beyond individual case studies and social and natural scientists involved in integrative studies of complex change processes.
Posted in Social Science

Unleashing agriculture's potential for improved nutrition and health in Malawi: Conference report - 26-27 September 2011, Lilongwe, Malawi

Author: International Food Policy Research Institute

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0896297942

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 68

View: 9381

This conference focused on how agricultural strategies can best be tailored to the Malawian context and result in improvements for nutrition and health. It is crucially important to make linkages--the best agricultural practices will not succeed in improving the nation's nutritional status if there is not good nutritional care and access to health services.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Integrating Agriculture, Conservation and Ecotourism: Societal Influences

Author: W. Bruce Campbell,Silvia López Ortíz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400744854

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 280

View: 7259

Agroecology not only encompasses aspects of ecology, but the ecology of sustainable food production systems, and related societal and cultural values. To provide effective communication regarding status and advances in this field, connections must be established with many disciplines such as sociology, anthropology, environmental sciences, ethics, agriculture, economics, ecology, rural development, sustainability, policy and education, or integrations of these general themes so as to provide integrated points of view that will help lead to a more sustainable construction of values than conventional economics alone. Such designs are inherently complex and dynamic, and go beyond the individual farm to include landscapes, communities, and biogeographic regions by emphasizing their unique agricultural and ecological values, and their biological, societal, and cultural components and processes.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

More Than Just Food

Food Justice and Community Change

Author: Garrett Broad

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520287452

Category: Social Science

Page: 276

View: 9518

"Raising concerns about health, the environment, and economic inequality, critics of the industrial food system insist that we are in crisis. In response, food justice activists based in marginalized, low-income communities of color across the United States have developed community-based solutions to the nation's food system problems, arguing that activities like urban agriculture, cultural nutrition education, and food-related social enterprises can be an integral part of systemic social change. Highlighting the work of Community Services Unlimited, a South Los Angeles food justice group founded by the Black Panther Party, More Than Just Food explores the possibilities and limitations of the community-based approach, offering a networked examination of the food justice movement in the age of the 'nonprofit industrial complex'"--Provided by publisher.
Posted in Social Science

Rebels for the Soil

The Rise of the Global Organic Food and Farming Movement

Author: Matthew Reed

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 1849776474

Category: History

Page: 168

View: 1864

This book investigates the emergence of organic food and farming as a social movement. Using the tools of political sociology it analyzes and explains how both people and ideas have shaped a movement that from its inception aimed to change global agriculture. Starting from the British Empire in the 1930's, where the first trans-national roots of organic farming took hold, through to the internet-mediated social protests against genetically modified crops at the end of the twentieth century, the author traces the rise to prominence of the movement. As well as providing a historical account, the book explains the movement's on-going role in fostering and organising alternatives to the dominant intensive and industrial forms of agriculture, such as promoting local food produce and animal welfare. By considering it as a trans-national movement from its inception, aiming at cultural and social change, the book highlights what is unique about the organic movement and why it has risen only relatively recently to public attention. The author reports original research findings, focusing largely on the English-speaking world. The work is grounded in academic enquiry and theory, but also provides a narrative through which the movement can be understood by the more general interested reader.
Posted in History

Economic Studies on Food, Agriculture, and the Environment

Author: Agriculture Joint Minnesota-Padova Conference on Food, and the Environment (7th : 2001 : Bologna Italy)

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306472428

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 369

View: 7713

This book contains a selection of the papers presented at the Joint Conference on Food, Agriculture, and the Environment, organized by the University of Minnesota and several universities in Italy, and held in Bologna, Italy, on June 12-14, 2001. The papers are grouped into four sections: a) food, nutrition, and quality, b) land and resource assessment, c) agriculture and rural development, and d) environment and markets. Readers will benefit from the analysis provided in the papers and will gain new insights concerning alternative approaches to dealing with important policy issues.
Posted in Business & Economics

Food, Farming, and Faith

Author: Gary W. Fick

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791473849

Category: Religion

Page: 223

View: 2146

Using scripture and science, a Christian agricultural scientist presents an ethic of farming that promotes good food and a healthy environment.
Posted in Religion

The Fight Against Hunger and Malnutrition

The Role of Food, Agriculture, and Targeted Policies

Author: David E. Sahn

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198733208

Category: Food industry and trade

Page: 384

View: 8901

Advances in science and policy during the past 50 years have prevented the predicted widespread food shortages as the world's population soared. Malnutrition, however, remains prevalent. This book details strategies and practical approaches to scientific and policy challenges for alleviating hunger and malnutrition in an era where technological change, markets, patterns of governance, and social programs have an increasingly global dimension. The contours ofagricultural, food, and nutrition policy have been redrawn by a range of factors, including the unfettered reach of multinational corporations, emerging technologies such as genetically modified foods, andthe new competition between the food and energy sectors for agricultural output. More emphasis on evidence-based policymaking is raising the standard of proof for evaluating the impact of social programs and targeted interventions. Overlaying all these challenges are domestic and international political and social constraints that need to be addressed when trying to translate scientific knowledge and information into practice.
Posted in Food industry and trade

Renewing Innovation Systems in Agriculture and Food

How to Go Towards More Sustainability?

Author: E. Coudel,H. Devautour,C. T. Soulard,G. Faure,B. Hubert

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9086867685

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 235

View: 8064

Present-day society asks more from agriculture than just the production of food. Agriculture is now required to be concerned with the quality of food, ecosystem services, inclusion of marginalized populations, revitalization of rural territories, energy production, etc. This opening up of the future of agriculture encourages rural actors to experiment with new farming systems, using imagination, creativity and determination to replace dominant models. At the same time, low-cost mass-production systems continue on their way, with promises of a future based on green technologies. In this discussion it is important to consider what kind of sustainable development societies really want. Which innovations will help in achieving these developments? What role can research and public policies play in supporting the emergence of these innovations? This book takes the debate beyond the purely technical options and considers social and institutional innovations as well. It demonstrates that innovation is the result of a confrontation between visions of actors who often have divergent interests. There is no single path towards sustainable development and we must find ways to encourage the emergence and co-existence of different types of agriculture and food systems. The success of transitions will not only depend on our capacity to rethink existing models, but especially on our willingness to embark on a creative learning process from which we will inevitably emerge transformed.
Posted in Business & Economics

Sociologies of Food and Nutrition

Author: Wm. Alex McIntosh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489913858

Category: Science

Page: 314

View: 2790

Here, Wm. Alex McIntosh analyzes the relationship between food and nutrition and social factors, using a wide array of sociological theories. The author applies theories of social organization, culture, social stratification, social change, rural sociology, the sociology of the body, and social problems to empirical problems in food and nutrition. By doing so, he sheds light on issues such as the rise of the state; population growth; famine; obesity; eating disorders; the maldistribution of food across class, gender, and ethnic boundaries; and the changing nature of the food industry.
Posted in Science

Communicating Social Change

Structure, Culture, and Agency

Author: Mohan J. Dutta

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136848800

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 360

View: 9010

Communicating Social Change: Structure, Culture, and Agency explores the use of communication to transform global, national, and local structures of power that create and sustain oppressive conditions. Author Mohan J. Dutta describes the social challenges that exist in current globalization politics, and examines the communicative processes, strategies, and tactics through which social change interventions are constituted in response to the challenges. Using empirical evidence and case studies, he documents the ways through which those in power create conditions at the margins, and he provides a theoretical base for discussing the ways in which these positions of power are resisted through communication processes, strategies, and tactics. The interplay of power and control with resistance is woven through each of the chapters in the book. This exceptional volume highlights the points of intersection between the theory and praxis of social change communication, creating theoretical entry points for the praxis of social change. It is intended for communication scholars and students studying activism, social movements, and communication for social change, and it will also resonate in such disciplines such as development, sociology, and social work, with those who are studying social transformations.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Food Security and Global Environmental Change

Author: J. S. I. Ingram,Polly Ericksen,Diana Liverman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1849711283

Category: Political Science

Page: 361

View: 3084

Global environmental change (GEC) represents and immediate and unprecedented threat to the food security of hundreds of millions of people. At the same time, agriculture and other food-related activities also contribute to GEC by. for example, intensifying greenhouse gas emissions and altering the land surface. This book provides a major, acessible synthesis of the current state of knowledge and thinking on the relationships between GEC and food security. It reviews new thinking which has emerged over the last decade, analyses research methods for stakeholder engagement and for undertaking studies at the regional level, and looks forward by reviewing a number of emerging `hot topics' in the food security. GEC debate which help set new agendas for the research community at large.
Posted in Political Science

The Global Crisis and Transformative Social Change

Author: P. Utting,S. Razavi,R. Varghese Buchholz,Rebecca Varghese Buchholz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137002506

Category: Political Science

Page: 289

View: 1883

Global crises not only deeply impact the economy and people's livelihoods, they also unsettle basic ideas and assumptions about the meaning and drivers of development. This collection of theoretical and empirical studies explores the substance and politics of policy change following the 2007/8 crisis from the perspective of developing countries.
Posted in Political Science

Letters to a Young Farmer

On Food, Farming, and Our Future

Author: Martha Hodgkins

Publisher: Chronicle Books

ISBN: 1616896035

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 1092

An agricultural revolution is sweeping the land. Appreciation for high-quality food, often locally grown, an awareness of the fragility of our farmlands, and a new generation of young people interested in farming, animals, and respect for the earth have come together to create a new agrarian community. To this group of farmers, chefs, activists, and visionaries, Letters to a Young Farmer is addressed. Three dozen esteemed leaders of the changes that made this revolution possible speak to the highs and lows of farming life in vivid and personal letters specially written for this collaboration. Barbara Kingsolver speaks to the tribe of farmers—some born to it, many self-selected—with love, admiration, and regret. Dan Barber traces the rediscovery of lost grains and foodways. Michael Pollan bridges the chasm between agriculture and nature. Bill McKibben connects the early human quest for beer to the modern challenge of farming in a rapidly changing climate. Letters to a Young Farmer is a vital road map of how we eat and farm, and why now, more than ever before, we need farmers.
Posted in Social Science