Field Research in Political Science

Practices and Principles

Author: Diana Kapiszewski,Lauren M. MacLean,Benjamin L. Read

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316194183

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 2658

Field research - leaving one's home institution in order to acquire data, information or insights that significantly inform one's research - remains indispensable, even in a digitally networked era. This book, the first of its kind in political science, reconsiders the design and execution of field research and explores its role in producing knowledge. First, it offers an empirical overview of fieldwork in the discipline based on a large-scale survey and extensive interviews. Good fieldwork takes diverse forms yet follows a set of common practices and principles. Second, the book demonstrates the analytic benefits of fieldwork, showing how it contributes to our understanding of politics. Finally, it provides intellectual and practical guidance, with chapters on preparing for field research, operating in the field and making analytic progress while collecting data, and on data collection techniques including archival research, interviewing, ethnography and participant observation, surveys, and field experiments.
Posted in Political Science

Social Science Methodology

A Unified Framework

Author: John Gerring

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139503774

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 5239

John Gerring's exceptional textbook has been thoroughly revised in this second edition. It offers a one-volume introduction to social science methodology relevant to the disciplines of anthropology, economics, history, political science, psychology and sociology. This new edition has been extensively developed with the introduction of new material and a thorough treatment of essential elements such as conceptualization, measurement, causality and research design. It is written for students, long-time practitioners and methodologists and covers both qualitative and quantitative methods. It synthesizes the vast and diverse field of methodology in a way that is clear, concise and comprehensive. While offering a handy overview of the subject, the book is also an argument about how we should conceptualize methodological problems. Thinking about methodology through this lens provides a new framework for understanding work in the social sciences.
Posted in Political Science

Research Design in Political Science

Author: Dimiter Toshkov

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137342846

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

View: 2795

This is a comprehensive guide to contemporary research design in Political Science introducing a wide range of cutting-edge research models and examining their respective implications.
Posted in Political Science

Advances in Comparative-Historical Analysis

Author: James Mahoney,Kathleen Thelen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107110025

Category: Political Science

Page: 322

View: 9889

Situates comparative-historical analysis within contemporary debates in political science and explores the latest theoretical and conceptual advances.
Posted in Political Science

The Civic Culture-Political Attitudes and Democracy in Five Nations

Author: Stefanie Groll

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638565505

Category: Political Science

Page: 18

View: 9518

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2006 im Fachbereich Politik - Politische Systeme - Allgemeines und Vergleiche, Note: 2,0, Universität Leipzig (Institut für Politikwissenschaft), Veranstaltung: Seminar: Politische Kultur (Analyse und Vergleich), 8 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Die vorliegende Arbeit ist die schriftliche Ausführung des Referates mit dem Titel „The Civic Culture - The Original“. Es ist eine deskriptiv angelegte Arbeit, welche die Logik, die Prämissen und die Ergebnisse der Studie zusammenfasst. Grundsätzlich beschäftigt sich die Arbeit mit der Studie selbst und nicht mit deren theoretische und praktische Weiterentwicklung. Eine Replikation der Kritik an der Konzeption und Durchführung wird hier nicht geleistet, da diese so zahl- und facettenreich ist, dass mehrere Aufsätze dieser Art sich damit beschäftigen müssten. 1 Die Civic Culture-Studie wurde zwischen 1959 und 1963 von den amerikanischen Politologen Gabriel Almond und Sidney Verba durchgeführt. Ihr Vorgehen und ihre Ergebnisse sind in der 562- Seiten starken Monografie „The Civic Culture. Political Attitudes and Democracy in Five Nations“ erfasst. Bei der Planung und Operationalisierung der experimentartigen, komparativen Demokratie-Studie erhielten Almond/Verba Unterstützung von renommierten empirischen Sozialforschern ihrer Zeit, wie etwa Lijphardt, Rosenberg und Lazarsfeld. Das Werk gilt als Pionier-Arbeit und ihre Autoren gelten als (moderne) Begründer der Politischen Kultur-Forschung. In der allgemeinsten Form (Minimal-Definition) bezeichnet Politische Kultur die subjektive Dimension der sozialen Grundlagen politischer Systeme, wobei angenommen wird, dass Einstellungen und Verhalten der subjektiven Dimension veränderbar und lernbar sind. Das Interesse an Politischer Kultur, an der Betrachtung des einzelnen Menschen und seinen Einstellungen innerhalb der Vergleichenden Politikwissenschaft entstand in den 50er und 60er Jahren. Seitdem rangiert Politische Kultur als globaler, sozialwissenschaftlicher Sammelbegriff, als Nominaldefinition, die je nach wissenschaftlicher Zuordnung eine spezifische inhaltliche Ausfüllung (Referenz) erhält. Iwand, der 1983 einen gründlichen Bericht zur Studie sowie zu deren Rezeption und Weiterentwicklung vorlegte, benennt 14 verschiedene Referenz-Möglichkeiten des Begriffs. [...]
Posted in Political Science

Interpretation and Method

Empirical Research Methods and the Interpretive Turn

Author: Dvora Yanow,Peregrine Schwartz-Shea

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9780765614629

Category: Political Science

Page: 440

View: 8811

Demonstrates the relevance, rigor, and creativity of interpretive research methodologies for political science and its various sub-fields. Designed for use in a course on interpretive research methods, this book situates methods questions within the context of methodological questions - the character of social realities and their "know-ability."
Posted in Political Science

Challenging the Qualitative-Quantitative Divide

Explorations in Case-focused Causal Analysis

Author: Barry Cooper,Judith Glaesser,Roger Gomm,Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441142207

Category: Education

Page: 288

View: 3875

An exploration of case-focused methods as a means of bridging the quantitative-qualitative divide and the key methodological issues.
Posted in Education

Knowledge in Action

The search for collaborative research for sustainable landscape development

Author: Annemarie van Paassen,Jolanda van den Berg,Eveliene Steingröver,Renate Werkman,Bas Pedroli

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9086867243

Category: Science

Page: 319

View: 8288

Wageningen Univerisity and Research Centre is known for its practical and societally relevant research in spatial development. Stakeholders currently put much emphasis on participatory processes in landscape planning procedures. This poses a special challenge for research. What role does research play in our present world characterised by complexity, competing claims and development needs, and an increased concern for climate change and environmental impact? In the book 'Knowledge in Action' we explore different types of transdisciplinary research that scientists engage in. Depending on the societal context and the interests of local citizens, researchers apply different research approaches to optimally incorporate the various points of view in their research and promote processes enhancing dialogue and shared results. In the book authors present their research experiences: their theoretical inspiration, the research methodology applied to consult, share and collaborate with societal actors in order to create options for change. The book includes several striking examples from The Netherlands (both successful and less effective), and also innovative examples from communities in Africa and Asia. The authors reflect on opportunities, problems and dilemma's they had to deal with. They especially address how far the role and theoretical perspectives of collaborative researchers can lead them in action research. Can they limit themselves to joint knowledge production and learning processes or should they engage in strategic positioning, advocacy and entrepreneurship to make it happen? The book discusses the issues that researchers should consider when they position their research activities within ongoing developments at landscape level. Read the book and judge for yourself.
Posted in Science

Qualitative Interviews

Author: Sabina Misoch

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110354616

Category: Social Science

Page: 301

View: 5332

Qualitative interviews are a key tool in modern research practice. What are the different forms of the qualitative interview? Which method is suitable for which situation? How does one conduct qualitative interviews in practice? The book answers these and other questions by presenting methodological principles and different interview methods with schemata, figures, and examples, along with a discussion of their advantages and disadvantages.
Posted in Social Science

Methods for Development Work and Research

A New Guide for Practitioners

Author: Britha Mikkelsen

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761933274

Category: Social Science

Page: 373

View: 3458

an indispensable, down-to-earth, richly illustrated guide to a variety of quantitative and qualitative methods for research and practice in development settings.
Posted in Social Science

Participant Observation

A Methodology for Human Studies

Author: Danny L. Jorgensen

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483389340

Category: Social Science

Page: 136

View: 6093

While providing an introduction to basic principles and strategies, this volume also explores the philosophy and methodology underlying the actual practice of participant observation. Taking a thoroughly practical approach to the methods of participant observation, Jorgensen illustrates these methods with both classic and current research studies. By using the materials in this book, readers can begin conducting participant observation research on their own.
Posted in Social Science

Ethnography

Principles in Practice

Author: Martyn Hammersley,Paul Atkinson

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415086646

Category: Social Science

Page: 323

View: 7300

Thoroughly updated and substantially rewritten, the second edition of this popular textbook is now even more relevant and useful for students and researchers. In this accessible introduction to the methods of ethnographic fieldwork, Hammersley and Atkinson reconsider the status of ethnography and seek to place it quite explicitly in a general methodological context.Ethnographyprovides a systematic and coherent account of ethnographic principles and practices. From an outline of the principle of reflexivity the authors go on to discuss and exemplify the main features of ehtnographic work, such as the selection and sampling of cases, the problems of access, observation and interviewing, recording and filing data, and the process of data analysis. There is also consideration of the ethical issues surrounding ethnographic research. Throughout, the discussion draws on a wide range of illustrative material from classic and more recent studies in Britain and the US.
Posted in Social Science

The Politics of field research

sociology beyond enlightenment

Author: Jaber F. Gubrium,David Silverman

Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 3489

What can or should social research offer to funding agencies, to social groups, to the researcher, and to the subjects of the research? How does research in the "field" differ from other forms of social research? In The Politics of Field Research an international team of distinguished researchers draw on their extensive fieldwork experience to address these and other fundamental questions. They explore the political and philosophical context of social field research in general, and examine its role and influence in such fields of study as advertising, service policy, and management. Moreover, the contributors investigate the ways in which social research is used in the field through detailed examples including community care, therapeutic communities, and "green" political movements. The Politics of Field Research will interest those concerned with social theory and qualitative methods in a wide range of disciplines. "There is much of interest in Strong and Dingwall's chapter. . . . It presents a thoughtful analysis of the present state of sociology. . . . Papadakis provides a very interesting discussion of different modes of involvement of researchers with new social movements and the implications of these for the various models of the relationship between researcher and research that have been offered in the literature. . . . This is a book that raises important issues and introduces some interesting ideas about the current crisis facing sociology." --Reviewing Sociology "The editors have done a good job in getting their contributors to write in terms of a consistent set of themes, so that there is less of the divergence that characterizes many collections. There is also little doubt that the book as a whole raises many often uncomfortable issues about research practice and relevance." --Sociology "I recommend this volume to any reader interested in the nature and use of social scientific research in 'western' society. I found the analytic level of individual articles to be consistently high, the writing clear, and the eclectic subject matter often absorbing. The authors' concern with qualitative ethnography, their use of case materials, and their consistent emphasis on reflexive inquiry, particularly on the quality of power relations which define, limit, or shape ethnographic action in a 'post enlightenment era', enhances the relevance of the collection for all social scientists in general, and anthropologists in particular." --NEXUS: Canadian Journal of Anthropology
Posted in Political Science

The Evolution of Political Knowledge

Democracy, Autonomy, and Conflict in Comparative and International Politics

Author: American Political Science Association. Meeting,Edward D. Mansfield,Richard Sisson

Publisher: Ohio State University Press

ISBN: 0814209343

Category: Political Science

Page: 391

View: 8352

Over the course of the last century, political scientists have been moved by two principal purposes. First, they have sought to understand and explain political phenomena in a way that is both theoretically and empirically grounded. Second, they have analyzed matters of enduring public interest, whether in terms of public policy and political action, fidelity between principle and practice in the organization and conduct of government, or the conditions of freedom, whether of citizens or of states. Many of the central advances made in the field have been prompted by a desire to improve both the quality and our understanding of political life. Nowhere is this tendency more apparent than in research on comparative politics and international relations, fields in which concerns for the public interest have stimulated various important insights. This volume systematically analyzes the major developments within the fields of comparative politics and international relations over the past three decades. Each chapter is composed of a core paper that addresses the major puzzles, conversations, and debates that have attended major areas of concern and inquiry within the discipline. These papers examine and evaluate the intellectual evolution and natural history of major areas of political inquiry and chart particularly promising trajectories, puzzles, and concerns for future work. Each core paper is accompanied by a set of shorter commentaries that engage the issues it takes up, thus contributing to an ongoing and lively dialogue among key figures in the field.
Posted in Political Science

Gerontology and the Construction of Old Age

A Study in Discourse Analysis

Author: Bryan S. R. Green

Publisher: AldineTransaction

ISBN: 9780202304502

Category: Social Science

Page: 226

View: 9244

Posted in Social Science

Qualitative Research Practice

Author: Clive Seale

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761947769

Category: Social Science

Page: 620

View: 5577

Aimed at the student reader, this book demonstrates the benefits of using particular methods from the viewpoint of real-life experience. It contains chapters written by leading, internationally distinguished qualitative researchers who recount and reflect on their own research experiences as well as others.
Posted in Social Science

Key Thinkers on Space and Place

Author: Phil Hubbard,Rob Kitchin,Gill Valentine

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761949633

Category: Science

Page: 356

View: 5100

A comprehensive guide to the latest work on space. Each entry is a short interpretative essay, outlining the contributions made by the key theorists.
Posted in Science

Enterprise and Small Business

Principles, Practice and Policy

Author: Sara Carter,Dylan Jones-Evans

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780273702672

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 572

View: 8227

This text provides a comprehensive introduction to small businesses, the changing business environment in which they emerge and operate, the nature of entrepreneurship and the practical business of managing a small firm.
Posted in Business & Economics

Tropes of Politics

Science, Theory, Rhetoric, Action

Author: John S. Nelson

Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press

ISBN: 9780299158347

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 291

View: 8066

In this volume, the author aims to apply rhetorical analysis first to political theory, and then to politics in practice. He offers an examination of political science and political theory as fields of study, and undertakes a series of creative examinations of political rhetoric.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Evaluation Practice

Thinking and Action Principles for Social Work Practice

Author: Elizabeth DePoy,Stephen French Gilson

Publisher: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780534543914

Category: Social Science

Page: 253

View: 3513

This text presents both the quantitative and qualitative methods and focuses on teaching students how to skillfully apply the full range of research designs, methods and strategies to evaluation of social work in all domains of social work practice. The book provides a framework for the integration of systematic inquiry with practice that can be used by all social workers. The authors have created a model called, "evaluation practice" that provides the evidence-based structure within which diverse social work theories and skills can be organized, examined and verified.
Posted in Social Science