Field Research in Political Science

Author: Diana Kapiszewski,Lauren M. MacLean,Benjamin L. Read

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107006031

Category: Political Science

Page: 470

View: 7663

Explains how field research contributes value to political science by exploring scholars' experiences, detailing exemplary practices, and asserting key principles.
Posted in Political Science

Borderland Battles

Violence, Crime, and Governance at the Edges of Colombia's War

Author: Annette Idler

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190849169

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 6031

The post-cold war era has seen an unmistakable trend toward the proliferation of violent non-state groups-variously labeled terrorists, rebels, paramilitaries, gangs, and criminals-near borders in unstable regions especially. In Borderland Battles, Annette Idler examines the micro-dynamics among violent non-state groups and finds striking patterns: borderland spaces consistently intensify the security impacts of how these groups compete for territorial control, cooperate in illicit cross-border activities, and replace the state in exerting governance functions. Drawing on extensive fieldwork with more than 600 interviews in and on the shared borderlands of Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela, where conflict is ripe and crime thriving, Idler reveals how dynamic interactions among violent non-state groups produce a complex security landscape with ramifications for order and governance, both locally and beyond. A deep examination of how violent non-state groups actually operate with and against one another on the ground, Borderland Battles will be essential reading for anyone involved in reducing organized crime and armed conflict-some of our era's most pressing and seemingly intractable problems.
Posted in Political Science

The Political Ecology of Drylands

Drought, Development and Environmental Conflict

Author: Sören Köpke

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 3643910894

Category:

Page: 416

View: 9600

Posted in

Social Science Methodology

A Unified Framework

Author: John Gerring

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139503774

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 4851

John Gerring's exceptional textbook has been thoroughly revised in this second edition. It offers a one-volume introduction to social science methodology relevant to the disciplines of anthropology, economics, history, political science, psychology and sociology. This new edition has been extensively developed with the introduction of new material and a thorough treatment of essential elements such as conceptualization, measurement, causality and research design. It is written for students, long-time practitioners and methodologists and covers both qualitative and quantitative methods. It synthesizes the vast and diverse field of methodology in a way that is clear, concise and comprehensive. While offering a handy overview of the subject, the book is also an argument about how we should conceptualize methodological problems. Thinking about methodology through this lens provides a new framework for understanding work in the social sciences.
Posted in Political Science

The Civic Culture-Political Attitudes and Democracy in Five Nations

Author: Stefanie Groll

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638565505

Category: Political Science

Page: 18

View: 9563

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2006 im Fachbereich Politik - Politische Systeme - Allgemeines und Vergleiche, Note: 2,0, Universität Leipzig (Institut für Politikwissenschaft), Veranstaltung: Seminar: Politische Kultur (Analyse und Vergleich), 8 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Die vorliegende Arbeit ist die schriftliche Ausführung des Referates mit dem Titel „The Civic Culture - The Original“. Es ist eine deskriptiv angelegte Arbeit, welche die Logik, die Prämissen und die Ergebnisse der Studie zusammenfasst. Grundsätzlich beschäftigt sich die Arbeit mit der Studie selbst und nicht mit deren theoretische und praktische Weiterentwicklung. Eine Replikation der Kritik an der Konzeption und Durchführung wird hier nicht geleistet, da diese so zahl- und facettenreich ist, dass mehrere Aufsätze dieser Art sich damit beschäftigen müssten. 1 Die Civic Culture-Studie wurde zwischen 1959 und 1963 von den amerikanischen Politologen Gabriel Almond und Sidney Verba durchgeführt. Ihr Vorgehen und ihre Ergebnisse sind in der 562- Seiten starken Monografie „The Civic Culture. Political Attitudes and Democracy in Five Nations“ erfasst. Bei der Planung und Operationalisierung der experimentartigen, komparativen Demokratie-Studie erhielten Almond/Verba Unterstützung von renommierten empirischen Sozialforschern ihrer Zeit, wie etwa Lijphardt, Rosenberg und Lazarsfeld. Das Werk gilt als Pionier-Arbeit und ihre Autoren gelten als (moderne) Begründer der Politischen Kultur-Forschung. In der allgemeinsten Form (Minimal-Definition) bezeichnet Politische Kultur die subjektive Dimension der sozialen Grundlagen politischer Systeme, wobei angenommen wird, dass Einstellungen und Verhalten der subjektiven Dimension veränderbar und lernbar sind. Das Interesse an Politischer Kultur, an der Betrachtung des einzelnen Menschen und seinen Einstellungen innerhalb der Vergleichenden Politikwissenschaft entstand in den 50er und 60er Jahren. Seitdem rangiert Politische Kultur als globaler, sozialwissenschaftlicher Sammelbegriff, als Nominaldefinition, die je nach wissenschaftlicher Zuordnung eine spezifische inhaltliche Ausfüllung (Referenz) erhält. Iwand, der 1983 einen gründlichen Bericht zur Studie sowie zu deren Rezeption und Weiterentwicklung vorlegte, benennt 14 verschiedene Referenz-Möglichkeiten des Begriffs. [...]
Posted in Political Science

Challenging the Qualitative-Quantitative Divide

Explorations in Case-focused Causal Analysis

Author: Barry Cooper,Judith Glaesser,Roger Gomm,Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441142207

Category: Education

Page: 288

View: 918

An exploration of case-focused methods as a means of bridging the quantitative-qualitative divide and the key methodological issues.
Posted in Education

Interpretation and Method

Empirical Research Methods and the Interpretive Turn

Author: Dvora Yanow,Peregrine Schwartz-Shea

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9780765614629

Category: Political Science

Page: 440

View: 6980

Demonstrates the relevance, rigor, and creativity of interpretive research methodologies for political science and its various sub-fields. Designed for use in a course on interpretive research methods, this book situates methods questions within the context of methodological questions - the character of social realities and their "know-ability."
Posted in Political Science

Knowledge in Action

The search for collaborative research for sustainable landscape development

Author: Annemarie van Paassen,Jolanda van den Berg,Eveliene Steingröver,Renate Werkman,Bas Pedroli

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9086867243

Category: Science

Page: 319

View: 3109

Wageningen Univerisity and Research Centre is known for its practical and societally relevant research in spatial development. Stakeholders currently put much emphasis on participatory processes in landscape planning procedures. This poses a special challenge for research. What role does research play in our present world characterised by complexity, competing claims and development needs, and an increased concern for climate change and environmental impact? In the book 'Knowledge in Action' we explore different types of transdisciplinary research that scientists engage in. Depending on the societal context and the interests of local citizens, researchers apply different research approaches to optimally incorporate the various points of view in their research and promote processes enhancing dialogue and shared results. In the book authors present their research experiences: their theoretical inspiration, the research methodology applied to consult, share and collaborate with societal actors in order to create options for change. The book includes several striking examples from The Netherlands (both successful and less effective), and also innovative examples from communities in Africa and Asia. The authors reflect on opportunities, problems and dilemma's they had to deal with. They especially address how far the role and theoretical perspectives of collaborative researchers can lead them in action research. Can they limit themselves to joint knowledge production and learning processes or should they engage in strategic positioning, advocacy and entrepreneurship to make it happen? The book discusses the issues that researchers should consider when they position their research activities within ongoing developments at landscape level. Read the book and judge for yourself.
Posted in Science

Methods for Development Work and Research

A New Guide for Practitioners

Author: Britha Mikkelsen

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761933274

Category: Social Science

Page: 373

View: 9532

an indispensable, down-to-earth, richly illustrated guide to a variety of quantitative and qualitative methods for research and practice in development settings.
Posted in Social Science

Qualitative Interviews

Author: Sabina Misoch

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110354616

Category: Social Science

Page: 301

View: 1175

Qualitative interviews are a key tool in modern research practice. What are the different forms of the qualitative interview? Which method is suitable for which situation? How does one conduct qualitative interviews in practice? The book answers these and other questions by presenting methodological principles and different interview methods with schemata, figures, and examples, along with a discussion of their advantages and disadvantages.
Posted in Social Science

The Evolution of Political Knowledge

Democracy, Autonomy, and Conflict in Comparative and International Politics

Author: American Political Science Association. Meeting,Edward D. Mansfield,Richard Sisson

Publisher: Ohio State University Press

ISBN: 0814209343

Category: Political Science

Page: 391

View: 1320

Over the course of the last century, political scientists have been moved by two principal purposes. First, they have sought to understand and explain political phenomena in a way that is both theoretically and empirically grounded. Second, they have analyzed matters of enduring public interest, whether in terms of public policy and political action, fidelity between principle and practice in the organization and conduct of government, or the conditions of freedom, whether of citizens or of states. Many of the central advances made in the field have been prompted by a desire to improve both the quality and our understanding of political life. Nowhere is this tendency more apparent than in research on comparative politics and international relations, fields in which concerns for the public interest have stimulated various important insights. This volume systematically analyzes the major developments within the fields of comparative politics and international relations over the past three decades. Each chapter is composed of a core paper that addresses the major puzzles, conversations, and debates that have attended major areas of concern and inquiry within the discipline. These papers examine and evaluate the intellectual evolution and natural history of major areas of political inquiry and chart particularly promising trajectories, puzzles, and concerns for future work. Each core paper is accompanied by a set of shorter commentaries that engage the issues it takes up, thus contributing to an ongoing and lively dialogue among key figures in the field.
Posted in Political Science

Ethnography

Principles in Practice

Author: Martyn Hammersley,Paul Atkinson

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415086646

Category: Social Science

Page: 323

View: 9230

Thoroughly updated and substantially rewritten, the second edition of this popular textbook is now even more relevant and useful for students and researchers. In this accessible introduction to the methods of ethnographic fieldwork, Hammersley and Atkinson reconsider the status of ethnography and seek to place it quite explicitly in a general methodological context.Ethnographyprovides a systematic and coherent account of ethnographic principles and practices. From an outline of the principle of reflexivity the authors go on to discuss and exemplify the main features of ehtnographic work, such as the selection and sampling of cases, the problems of access, observation and interviewing, recording and filing data, and the process of data analysis. There is also consideration of the ethical issues surrounding ethnographic research. Throughout, the discussion draws on a wide range of illustrative material from classic and more recent studies in Britain and the US.
Posted in Social Science

Participant Observation

A Methodology for Human Studies

Author: Danny L. Jorgensen

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803928770

Category: Reference

Page: 133

View: 8573

While providing an introduction to basic principles and strategies, this volume also explores the philosophy and methodology underlying the actual practice of participant observation. Taking a thoroughly practical approach to the methods of participant observation, Jorgensen illustrates these methods with both classic and current research studies. By using the materials in this book, readers can begin conducting participant observation research on their own.
Posted in Reference

Gerontology and the Construction of Old Age

A Study in Discourse Analysis

Author: Bryan S. R. Green

Publisher: AldineTransaction

ISBN: 9780202304502

Category: Social Science

Page: 226

View: 903

Posted in Social Science

Evaluation Practice

Thinking and Action Principles for Social Work Practice

Author: Elizabeth DePoy,Stephen French Gilson

Publisher: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780534543914

Category: Social Science

Page: 253

View: 3448

This text presents both the quantitative and qualitative methods and focuses on teaching students how to skillfully apply the full range of research designs, methods and strategies to evaluation of social work in all domains of social work practice. The book provides a framework for the integration of systematic inquiry with practice that can be used by all social workers. The authors have created a model called, "evaluation practice" that provides the evidence-based structure within which diverse social work theories and skills can be organized, examined and verified.
Posted in Social Science

Enterprise and Small Business

Principles, Practice and Policy

Author: Sara Carter,Dylan Jones-Evans

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780273702672

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 572

View: 5534

This text provides a comprehensive introduction to small businesses, the changing business environment in which they emerge and operate, the nature of entrepreneurship and the practical business of managing a small firm.
Posted in Business & Economics

Tropes of Politics

Science, Theory, Rhetoric, Action

Author: John S. Nelson

Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press

ISBN: 9780299158347

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 291

View: 9606

In this volume, the author aims to apply rhetorical analysis first to political theory, and then to politics in practice. He offers an examination of political science and political theory as fields of study, and undertakes a series of creative examinations of political rhetoric.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Experimental Political Science

Principles and Practices

Author: B. Kittel,W. Luhan,R. Morton

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137016647

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 9812

An exploration of core problems in experimental research on voting behaviour and political institutions, ranging from design and data analysis to inferences with respect to constructs, constituencies and causal claims. The focus of is on the implementation of principles in experimental political science and the reflection of actual practices.
Posted in Political Science

Urban Youth and Photovoice

Visual Ethnography in Action

Author: Melvin Delgado

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199381348

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 3772

The past decade brought forth a wave of excitement and promise for researchers and practitioners interested in community practice as an approach based on social justice principles and an embrace of community participatory actions. But, effective community practice is predicated on the availability and use of assessment methods that not only capture and report on conditions, but also simultaneously set the stage for social change efforts. This research, therefore, serves the dual purpose of generating knowledge and also being an integral part of social intervention. Research done in this way, however, requires new tools. Photovoice is one such tool - a form of visual ethnography that invites participants to represent their community or point of view through photographs, accompanied by narratives, to be shared with each other and with a broader community. Urban Youth and Photovoice focuses on the use of this method within urban settings and among adolescents and young adults - a group that is almost naturally drawn to the use of photography (especially digital and particularly in today's era of texting, facebook, and instagram) to showcase photovoice as an important qualitative research method for social workers and others in the social sciences, and providing readers with detailed theoretical and practical account of how to plan, implement, and evaluate the results of a photovoice project focused on urban youth.
Posted in Social Science

The Discovery of Grounded Theory

Strategies for Qualitative Research

Author: Barney G. Glaser,Anselm L. Strauss

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 0202363376

Category: Social Science

Page: 271

View: 1032

Most writing on sociological method has been concerned with how accurate facts can be obtained and how theory can thereby be more rigorously tested. In The Discovery of Grounded Theory, Barney Glaser and Anselm Strauss address the equally Important enterprise of how the discovery of theory from data—systematically obtained and analyzed in social research—can be furthered. The discovery of theory from data—grounded theory—is a major task confronting sociology, for such a theory fits empirical situations, and is understandable to sociologists and laymen alike. Most important, it provides relevant predictions, explanations, interpretations, and applications. In Part I of the book, "Generation Theory by Comparative Analysis," the authors present a strategy whereby sociologists can facilitate the discovery of grounded theory, both substantive and formal. This strategy involves the systematic choice and study of several comparison groups. In Part II, The Flexible Use of Data," the generation of theory from qualitative, especially documentary, and quantitative data Is considered. In Part III, "Implications of Grounded Theory," Glaser and Strauss examine the credibility of grounded theory. The Discovery of Grounded Theory is directed toward improving social scientists' capacity for generating theory that will be relevant to their research. While aimed primarily at sociologists, it will be useful to anyone Interested In studying social phenomena—political, educational, economic, industrial— especially If their studies are based on qualitative data.
Posted in Social Science