Farming on the Edge, the Nature of Traditional Farmland in Europe

Proceedings of the Fourth European Forum on Nature Conservation and Pastoralism, 2-4 November 1994, Trujillo, Spain

Author: Eric M Bignal,David I McCracken,Susan E. Wenlock

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Agricultural ecology

Page: 216

View: 801

Presented in English, French or Spanish, with summaries in the same languages, this title contains the proceedings of the Fourth European Forum on Nature Conservation and Pastoralism, held in 1994. This major meeting of scientists, conservationists and land-users discussed nature conservation and extensive agriculture throughout Europe.
Posted in Agricultural ecology

Global Change and Mountain Regions

An Overview of Current Knowledge

Author: Uli M. Huber,Harald K.M. Bugmann,Mel A. Reasoner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402035067

Category: Nature

Page: 650

View: 6740

Enviroment, mountain biodiversity, ecological changes.
Posted in Nature

Challenges for Agricultural Research

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 926409010X

Category:

Page: 304

View: 6010

This publication presents twenty papers delivered at an OECD conference on agricultural research. They highlight recent major progress in agricultural research outcomes and address the challenges that lie ahead.
Posted in

Biocultural Diversity in Europe

Author: Mauro Agnoletti,Francesca Emanueli

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319263153

Category: Science

Page: 537

View: 7388

The book collects a selection of the papers presented at the meeting held in the context of the Joint Programme on the Links between Biological and Cultural Diversity (JP-BiCuD). Recognizing the inextricable link between biological and cultural diversity, the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (SCBD) joined forces, and in 2010 launched the Joint Programme on the Links between Biological and Cultural Diversity (JP-BiCuD). The first meeting for the implementation of the JP-BiCuD was held in Florence (Italy) in April 2014 and produced the UNESCO-sCBD Florence Declaration, which highlights the concept of biocultural diversity. The European rural territory is predominantly a biocultural, multi-functional landscape, providing a crucial and effective space for integration of biological and cultural diversity, suggesting the need to revise some of the current strategies for the assessment and management of biodiversity.
Posted in Science

Nature and National Identity After Communism

Globalizing the Ethnoscape

Author: Katrina Z. S. Schwartz

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre

ISBN: 0822973146

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 3673

In this groundbreaking book, Katrina Schwartz examines the intersection of environmental politics, globalization, and national identity in a small East European country: modern-day Latvia. Based on extensive ethnographic research and lively discourse analysis, it explores that country's post-Soviet responses to European assistance and political pressure in nature management, biodiversity conservation, and rural development. These responses were shaped by hotly contested notions of national identity articulated as contrasting visions of the “ideal” rural landscape. The players in this story include Latvian farmers and other traditional rural dwellers, environmental advocates, and professionals with divided attitudes toward new European approaches to sustainable development. An entrenched set of forestry and land management practices, with roots in the Soviet and pre-Soviet eras, confront growing international pressures on a small country to conform to current (Western) notions of environmental responsibility—notions often perceived by Latvians to be at odds with local interests. While the case is that of Latvia, the dynamics Schwartz explores have wide applicability and speak powerfully to broader theoretical discussions about sustainable development, social constructions of nature, the sources of nationalism, and the impacts of globalization and regional integration on the traditional nation-state.
Posted in Political Science

The Killing Of The Countryside

Author: Graham Harvey

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1448112974

Category: Law

Page: 240

View: 7852

Over then past fifty years the British countryside has changed out of all recognition. A wide range of wildlife species are disappearing - victims of modern intensive farming, of pesticides and fertilisers and the sheer relentless pressure to maximise output from every hedge bank and field corner. It need not have happened. The loss of our wildlife and countryside has come about through a deliberate and sustained national policy, one that costs the British people 8 billion a year. The Killing of the Countryside is a devastating attack on modern British agricultural policy and practice and a plea for a return to natural cycles, an end to subsidies and the domination of agribusiness, and for a safe, sustainable farming system. Winner of the 1997 BP Natural World Book Award.
Posted in Law

Sowing the Seeds for Sustainability

Agriculture, Biodiversity, Economics and Society : Proceedings of the Eighth Interactive Session Held at the Second IUCN World Conservation Congress, Amman, Jordan, 7 October 2000

Author: Rachel Wiseman,Liz Hopkins

Publisher: IUCN

ISBN: 2831706327

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 133

View: 674

Agriculture is one of the most important influences on biological diversity. Conventional agriculture has heavily contributed to reducing the diversity of ecosystems, species and genes, but it has also created new diversity. The eighth Interactive Session of the 2nd World Conservation Congress dealt with a broad spectrum of agricultural issues from around the world and examined the linkages between biodiversity, economy and society. This publication represents the opinions and issues raised by those participating in the Session, and it contains both the papers prepared by presenters and contributions from those unable to attend.
Posted in Business & Economics

Conservation Biology

Author: Andrew S. Pullin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521644822

Category: Nature

Page: 345

View: 8155

This colourful textbook introduces students to conservation biology, the science of preserving biodiversity.
Posted in Nature

Guidelines for Native Seed Production and Grassland Restoration

Author: Kathrin Kiehl,Anita Kirmer,Nancy Shaw

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443861855

Category: Science

Page: 315

View: 9254

World-wide, the degradation and destruction of both natural and traditionally used semi-natural ecosystems is drastically increasing. Unfortunately, commercial seed mixtures, consisting of non-native species and genetically uniform cultivars, are widely used in grassland restoration, often with negative effects on biodiversity. Therefore, native species should be used in the ecological restoration of natural and semi-natural vegetation. This book compiles results from recent studies presented at a Special Session “Native seed production and use in restoration projects”, which was organised during the 8th European Conference on Ecological Restoration in České Budějovice, Czech Republic. The authors review the ecological and genetic aspects of seed propagation and species introduction both from a European and an American perspective, and discuss implications for the development of seed zones and for native seed production. Examples from different countries focus on native seed production in practice, and suggest different approaches for the certification of seed provenance. Best practice examples from Europe and the United States are used to indicate the advantages of using native seeds for ecological restoration of grasslands, field margins and sagebrush steppe. Finally, this volume also provides guidelines for the successful implementation of restoration projects for local authorities, landscape planners and NGOs in order to bridge gaps between research and practice.
Posted in Science

Sustainable Communities on a Sustainable Planet

The Human-Environment Regional Observatory Project

Author: Brent Yarnal,Colin Polsky,James O'Brien

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139483605

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 3553

Scientists and policymakers have realised that localities are central to addressing the causes and consequences of global environmental change. The goal of the Human-Environment Regional Observatory project (HERO) was to develop the infrastructure necessary to monitor and understand the local dimensions of global change. This book presents the philosophy behind HERO, the methods used to put that philosophy into action, its results, and the lessons learned from the project. HERO used three strategies: it developed research protocols and data standards for collecting data; it built a web-based networking environment to help investigators share data, analyses and ideas from remote locations; and investigators field-tested these concepts by applying them in diverse biophysical and socioeconomic settings - central Massachusetts, central Pennsylvania, southwestern Kansas, and the US-Mexico border region of Arizona. The book highlights the unique focus of HERO regarding thinking and acting on complex, integrative, and interdisciplinary global change science at local scales, and is valuable for global change scientists.
Posted in Science

Europe's Living Landscapes

Essays Exploring Our Identity in the Countryside

Author: Bas Pedroli,Anne van Doorn,Geert de Blust

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004278079

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 9286

Landscape is one of the most fascinating assets of Europe. The great diversity in landscapes reflects a multitude of historical layers. This book presents the story of some of the most expressive European landscapes. It explores how engagement may safeguard and improve landscape identity for the future.
Posted in Science

Land Degradation

Creation and Destruction

Author: Douglas L. Johnson,Laurence A. Lewis

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742519480

Category: Science

Page: 303

View: 9823

This up-to-date, second edition of Land Degradation explores substantial decreases in the land's biological productivity or usefulness to humans due to human activities. Case studies cover the history of land degradation, local and regional effects of human interactions with the environment, and both negative and positive aspects of land modification. Extensively illustrated, Land Degradation can be used as the primary text in a course of the same name or as a supplement in courses covering land use, environmental change, and sustainability.
Posted in Science

Nordic Landscapes

Region and Belonging on the Northern Edge of Europe

Author: Michael Jones

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 0816639140

Category: History

Page: 628

View: 3375

"Norden"-the region along the northern edge of Europe bordered by Russia and the Baltic nations to the east and by North America to the west-is a particularly fruitful site for the examination of the ever-evolving meaning of landscape and region as place. Contributors to this work reveal how Norden's regions and people have been defined by and against the dominant culture of Europe while at the same time their landscapes and cultures have shaped and inspired Europe's ways of life. Together, the essays provide a much-needed picture of this culturally rich and geographically varied part of the world. Contributors: Ingvild Austad, Sogn og Fjordane U College; Gabriel Bladh, Karlstad U; Tomas Germundsson, Lund U; Jens Christian Hansen, U of Bergen; Kirsten Hastrup, U of Copenhagen; Leif Hauge, Sogn og Fjordane U College; Maunu Häyrynen, U of Turku; Margareta Ihse, Stockholm U; Ari Aukusti Lehtinen, U of Joensuu; Anders Lundberg, U of Bergen; W. R. Mead, U College London; Ann Norderhaug, Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research; Venke Åsheim Olsen; Anssi Paasi, U of Oulu; Helle Skånes, Stockholm U; Bo Wagner Sørensen, Roskilde U; Ulf Sporrong, Stockholm U; Nils Storå, Åbo Academy U; Arne Thorsteinsson. Michael Jones is professor of geography at the University of Trondheim. Kenneth R. Olwig is professor of landscape theory at the Department of Landscape Architecture of Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences at Alnarp (SLU-Alnarp).
Posted in History

The Pillage of Sustainablility in Eritrea, 1600s-1990s

Rural Communities and the Creeping Shadows of Hegemony

Author: Niaz Murtaza

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313306334

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 203

View: 3073

Demonstrates an approach, using Eritrea as a case study, for carrying out an in-depth analysis of the sustainability of traditional rural communities, the impact of local and external actors on them, and the use of the analysis to design collaborative and incremental relief and development policies and programs.
Posted in Business & Economics

The Nation

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: United States

Page: N.A

View: 5402

Posted in United States

Das Kyoto-Protokoll

Internationale Klimapolitik für das 21. Jahrhundert

Author: Sebastian Oberthür,Hermann E. Ott

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663014347

Category: Social Science

Page: 443

View: 5068

Die internationale Klimapolitik ist an einem Wendepunkt angekommen. Die Annahme des Kyoto-Protokolls ist ein großer Schritt in dem Versuch der Menschheit, die schädlichen Folgen des Klimawandels zu begrenzen. Dieses Buch, geschrieben von zwei deutschen Experten, erklärt die naturwissenschaftlichen, ökonomischen sowie politischen Bedingungen desTreibhauseffekts und erläutert die Hintergründe der Annahme des Kyoto-Protokolls. Das Buch analysiert in seinem Mittelteil den Vertragstext im Stile eines Gesetzeskommentars, nennt die offenen Fragen und gibt mögliche Antworten für die Weiterentwicklung der Normen. In einem dritten Teil werden Schlussfolgerungen gezogen, die politische Landschaft nach Kyoto beleuchtet und eine Leadership-Initiative für die Europäische Union vorgestellt, um die Handlungsmacht gegenüber den USA wieder zu erlangen.
Posted in Social Science

The Country Gentleman

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Agriculture

Page: N.A

View: 5038

Posted in Agriculture

Issues in Environmental Law, Policy, and Planning: 2011 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464964688

Category: Political Science

Page: 1244

View: 7767

Issues in Environmental Law, Policy, and Planning: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Environmental Law, Policy, and Planning. The editors have built Issues in Environmental Law, Policy, and Planning: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Environmental Law, Policy, and Planning in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Environmental Law, Policy, and Planning: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
Posted in Political Science