Exploring the Security Landscape: Non-Traditional Security Challenges

Author: Anthony J. Masys

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319279149

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 325

View: 825

This book provides international perspective for those studying or working in the security domain, from enforcement to policy. It focuses on non-traditional threats in a landscape that has been described as transnational in nature and incorporates natural disasters, gang violence, extremism and terrorism, amongst other issues. Chapters provide innovative thinking on themes including cyber security, maritime security, transnational crime, human security, globalization and economic security. Relevant theoretical frameworks are presented and readers are expertly guided through complex threats, from matters pertaining to health security which pose threats not only to humans but also have significant national security implications, to issues regarding critical infrastructure vulnerability and the complexity of understanding terrorist operations. Authors reveal how emerging uncertainties regarding global critical infrastructure and supply chain security, food security, and health security are linked to the notion of human security. Security professionals, policy makers and academics will all gain from the insights, strategies and perspectives in this book. It builds understanding of the deepening and broadening domain of security studies and provides a valuable reference text for courses on security studies and international relations.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Handbook of Research on Network Forensics and Analysis Techniques

Author: Shrivastava, Gulshan,Kumar, Prabhat,Gupta, B. B.,Bala, Suman,Dey, Nilanjan

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522541012

Category: Computers

Page: 509

View: 5059

With the rapid advancement in technology, myriad new threats have emerged in online environments. The broad spectrum of these digital risks requires new and innovative methods for protection against cybercrimes. The Handbook of Research on Network Forensics and Analysis Techniques is a current research publication that examines the advancements and growth of forensic research from a relatively obscure tradecraft to an important part of many investigations. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics including cryptocurrency, hand-based biometrics, and cyberterrorism, this publication is geared toward professionals, computer forensics practitioners, engineers, researchers, and academics seeking relevant research on the development of forensic tools.
Posted in Computers

Disaster Forensics

Understanding Root Cause and Complex Causality

Author: Anthony J. Masys

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319418491

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 409

View: 2670

This book aims to uncover the root causes of natural and man-made disasters by going beyond the typical reports and case studies conducted post-disaster. It opens the black box of disasters by presenting ‘forensic analysis approaches’ to disasters, thereby revealing the complex causality that characterizes them and explaining how and why hazards do, or do not, become disasters. This yields ‘systemic’ strategies for managing disasters. Recently the global threat landscape has seen the emergence of high impact, low probability events. Events like Hurricane Katrina, the Great Japan Earthquake and tsunami, Hurricane Sandy, Super Typhoon Haiyan, global terrorist activities have become the new norm. Extreme events challenge our understanding regarding the interdependencies and complexity of the disaster aetiology and are often referred to as Black Swans. Between 2002 and 2011, there were 4130 disasters recorded that resulted from natural hazards around the world. In these, 1,117,527 people perished and a minimum of US$1,195 billion in losses were reported. In the year 2011 alone, 302 disasters claimed 29,782 lives; affected 206 million people and inflicted damages worth a minimum of estimated US$366 billion.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Asia-Pacific Security Challenges

Managing Black Swans and Persistent Threats

Author: Anthony J. Masys,Leo S.F. Lin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331961729X

Category: Nature

Page: 304

View: 4222

This edited book examines the contemporary regional security concerns in the Asia-Pacific recognizing the ‘Butterfly effect’, the concept that small causes can have large effects: ‘the flap of a butterfly’s wings can cause a typhoon halfway around the world’. For many Asia-Pacific states, domestic security challenges are at least as important as external security considerations. Recent events (both natural disasters and man-made disasters) have pointed to the inherent physical, economic, social and political vulnerabilities that exist in the region. Both black swan events and persistent threats to security characterize the challenges within the Asia-Pacific region. Transnational security challenges such as global climate change, environmental degradation, pandemics, energy security, supply chain security, resource scarcity, terrorism and organized crime are shaping the security landscape regionally and globally. The significance of emerging transnational security challenges in the Asia-Pacific Region impact globally and conversely, security developments in those other regions affect the Asia-Pacific region.
Posted in Nature

Security by Design

Innovative Perspectives on Complex Problems

Author: Anthony J. Masys

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319780212

Category: Social Science

Page: 401

View: 5678

This edited book captures salient global security challenges and presents ‘design’ solutions in dealing with wicked problems. Through case studies and applied research this book reveals the many perspectives, tools and approaches to support security design. Security design thereby can support risk and threat analysis, risk communication, problem framing and development of interventions strategies. From the refugee crisis to economic slowdowns in emerging markets, from ever-rising numbers of terrorist and cyberattacks to global water shortages, to the proliferation of the Internet of Things and its impact on the security of our homes, cities and critical infrastructure, the current security landscape is diverse and complex. These global risks have been in the headlines in the last year (Global Risks Report) and pose significant security challenges both nationally and globally. In fact, national security is no longer just national. Non-state actors, cyber NGO, rising powers, and hybrid wars and crimes in strategic areas pose complex challenges to global security. In the words of Horst Rittel (1968):"Design is an activity, which aims at the production of a plan, which plan -if implemented- is intended to bring about a situation with specific desired characteristics without creating unforeseen and undesired side and after effects."
Posted in Social Science

Handbook of Security Science

Author: Anthony J. Masys

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319918747

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1000

View: 6369

This handbook offers insights into how science (physical, natural and social) and technology can support new developments to manage the complexity resident within the threat and risk landscape. The security landscape can be described as dynamic and complex stemming from the emerging threats and risks that are both persistent and transborder. Globalization, climate change, terrorism, transnational crime can have significant societal impact and forces one to re-evaluate what ‘national security’ means. Recent global events such as mass migration, terrorist acts, pandemics and cyber threats highlight the inherent vulnerabilities in our current security posture. As an interdisciplinary body of work, the Handbook of Security Science captures concepts, theories and security science applications, thereby providing a survey of current and emerging trends in security. Through an evidence-based approach, the collection of chapters in the book delivers insightful and comprehensive articulation of the problem and solution space associated with the complex security landscape. In so doing the Handbook of Security Science introduces scientific tools and methodologies to inform security management, risk and resilience decision support systems; insights supporting design of security solutions; approaches to threat, risk and vulnerability analysis; articulation of advanced cyber security solutions; and current developments with respect to integrated computational and analytical solutions that increase our understanding of security physical, social, economic, and technological interrelationships and problem space.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Rethinking Energy Security in Asia: A Non-Traditional View of Human Security

Author: Mely Caballero-Anthony,Youngho Chang,Nur Azha Putra

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 364229703X

Category: Law

Page: 103

View: 6957

Traditional notions of security are premised on the primacy of state security. In relation to energy security, traditional policy thinking has focused on ensuring supply without much emphasis on socioeconomic and environmental impacts. Non-traditional security (NTS) scholars argue that threats to human security have become increasingly prominent since the end of the Cold War, and that it is thus critical to adopt a holistic and multidisciplinary approach in addressing rising energy needs. This volume represents the perspectives of scholars from across Asia, looking at diverse aspects of energy security through a non-traditional security lens. The issues covered include environmental and socioeconomic impacts, the role of the market, the role of civil society, energy sustainability and policy trends in the ASEAN region.
Posted in Law

Use of Landscape Sciences for the Assessment of Environmental Security

Author: Irene Petrosillo,Felix Müller,K. Bruce Jones,Giovanni Zurlini,Kinga Krauze,Sergey Victorov,Bai-Lian Li,William G. Kepner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402065880

Category: Science

Page: 497

View: 6105

This book examines environmental security from the perspective of landscape sciences, identifying the forces that threaten environmental security at all levels. It stems from the last five years of the Pilot Study Project on Use of Landscape Sciences for Environmental Assessment sponsored by the NATO Committee on the Challenges of Modern Society. Readers explore concepts of environmental security from subjective and objective perspectives.
Posted in Science

How has the US Intelligence Community evolved in the modern international security environment?

Author: Francis Maiava

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3668160465

Category: Political Science

Page: 11

View: 2763

Essay from the year 2014 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Peace and Conflict Studies, Security, grade: 84% (A), , course: Masters in International Security Studies with an Endorsement in Intelligence, language: English, abstract: Major historical developments continued to shape the way the United States Intelligence Community (IC) practices intelligence since its creation under the authority of the National Security Act 1947. This work seeks to explore historical significance of events and themes that influenced the way United States intelligence agencies exchanged information (or the lack of it) in a chronological and historical order to its present context. The study also examines the role of Congress in overseeing the IC and its activities and how this role has evolved over the years amid challenges such as its relationship with the Executive Branch of U.S. Government, budget oversight and the classified nature of highly sensitive information. The study closes by concluding that while much needed changes have been adopted by the IC to improve its activities and operations since 11 September 2001, time will tell whether such changes have improved the ability of intelligence to function as an effective and cohesive unit.
Posted in Political Science

Exporting Security

International Engagement, Security Cooperation, and the Changing Face of the U.S. Military

Author: Derek S. Reveron

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 158901619X

Category: History

Page: 205

View: 6034

Given U.S. focus on the continuing wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, it is easy to miss that the military does much more than engage in combat. On any given day, military engineers dig wells in East Africa, medical personnel provide vaccinations in Latin Amer
Posted in History

Evaluating Novel Threats to the Homeland

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Cruise Missiles

Author: Brian A. Jackson,Dave Frelinger

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 083304169X

Category: Political Science

Page: 106

View: 952

Develops approaches for assessing asymmetric attacks using cruise missiles or unmanned aerial vehicles, a novel potential threat to homeland targets, in the context of other options available to terrorist actors and for identifying the factors that might make these technologies attractive to adversaries. These approaches provide the basis for exploring defensive options.
Posted in Political Science

Regional Governance in Post‐NAFTA North America

Building without Architecture

Author: Brian Bow,Greg Anderson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131768009X

Category: Political Science

Page: 262

View: 1180

Twenty years after NAFTA, the consensus seems to be that the regional project in North America is dead. The trade agreement was never followed up by new institutions that might cement a more ambitious regional community. The Security and Prosperity Partnership (SPP), launched with some fanfare in 2005, was quietly discontinued in 2009. And new cooperative ventures like the US‐Canada Beyond the Border talks and the US‐Mexico Merida Initiative suggest that the three governments have reverted to the familiar, pre‐NAFTA pattern of informal, incremental bilateralism. One could argue, however, that NAFTA itself has been buried, and yet the region somehow lives on, albeit in a form very different from regional integration in other parts of the world. A diverse group of contributors, from the United States, Canada, and Mexico, with experience in academia, government service, think tanks and the private sector bring to bear a sophisticated and much needed examination of regional governance in North America, its historical origins, its connection to the regional distribution of power and the respective governments’ domestic institutions, and the variance of its forms and function across different issue areas. The editors begin by surveying the literature on North American regional politics, matching up developments there with parallel debates and controversies in the broader literatures on comparative regional integration and international policy coordination more generally. Six contributors later explore the mechanisms of policy coordination in specific issue-areas, each with an emphasis on a particular set of actors, and with its own way of characterizing the relevant political and diplomatic dynamics. Chapters on the political context for regional policy coordination follow leading to concluding remarks on the future of North America. At a time when scholarly interest in North America seems to be waning, even while important and interesting political and economic developments are taking place, this volume will reinvigorate the study of North America as a region, to better understand its past, present and future.
Posted in Political Science

Global Health Challenges for Human Security

Author: Lincoln C. Chen,Jennifer Leaning,Vasant Narasimhan

Publisher: Harvard University Press


Category: Political Science

Page: 310

View: 6617

The goals of health and human security are fundamentally valued in all societies, yet the breadth of their interconnections are not properly understood. This volume explores the evolving relationship between health and security in today's interdependent world, and offers policy guidelines for global health action. This volume underscores three basic principles. First, recent developments in the changing security landscape present enormous challenges for human security and global health. Second, although the connections between health and security are long-standing, the current context of new conflicts, pervasive poverty, and accelerating global flows has brought the fields closer together. Finally, a human security approach dependent upon individual and collective action can identify new strategies for meeting the goals of global health and security. The distinguished contributions to this volume were commissioned by Harvard University's Global Equity Initiative, a research unit supporting the work of the International Commission on Human Security.
Posted in Political Science

Understanding Security Practices in South Asia

Securitization Theory and the Role of Non-State Actors

Author: Monika Barthwal-Datta

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136322795

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 4234

This book explores the ways in which non-state actors (NSAs) in South Asia are involved in securitizing non-traditional security challenges in the region at the sub-state level. South Asia is the epicentre of some of the most significant international security challenges today. Yet, the complexities of the region’s security dynamics remain under-researched. While traditional security issues, such as inter-state war, border disputes and the threat of nuclear devastation in South Asia, remain high on the agendas of policy-makers and academics both within and beyond the region, scant attention has been paid to non-traditional or ‘new’ security challenges. Drawing on various case studies, this work offers an innovative analysis of how NSAs in South Asia are shaping security discourses in the region and tackling security challenges at the sub-state level. Through its critique of securitization theory, the book calls for a new approach to studying security practices in South Asia – one which considers NSAs as legitimate security actors. This book will be of much interest to students of security studies, Asian security, Asian politics, critical security studies, and IR in general.
Posted in Political Science

Exploring Central and Eastern Europe’s Biotechnology Landscape

Author: Peter T. Robbins,Farah Huzair

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048197842

Category: Philosophy

Page: 228

View: 2052

At a time when the human genome has been sequenced advances in the life sciences seem to have great potential for human health, industry and the environment throughout Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). Still, for some, potential risks and ethical dilemmas remain, surrounding issues such as the appropriate use of GM crops, stem cells, genetic information, the nature of intellectual property and other challenges that come with EU accession. This book is the first of its kind to bring together experts from across Europe to explore the landscape of current life science policy and industrial development in CEE, including implications for economies, regulatory and legal frameworks, health care, ethics and human rights. It will be essential reading for researchers and students in science and technology studies, development, sociology, politics and law, and those interested in life science development in transition economies.
Posted in Philosophy

International Security

Author: Barry Buzan

Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd

ISBN: 9781412921398

Category: Political Science

Page: 1760

View: 1913

International Security is one of the main sub-fields of International Relations. This four-volume collection will bring together seminal journal articles and some book chapters to map the main themes and turning points in the development of International Security Studies. Volume 1: Military-Political Security during the Cold War covers the traditional military-political security agenda from 1945 to the ending of the cold war. Volume 2: Military-Political Security since the Cold War reflects the perceived crisis of relevance in the whole strategic studies agenda and examines the responses to a radically different international political context. Volume 3: Widening the Agenda of International Security traces the broadening of traditional security concerns and shows how economic, environmental and societal security came onto the agenda of international security. Volume 4: Challenging State Security is about approaches that challenge state security including critical security studies, human security, feminism, and postmoderist/poststructualist approaches. Together the four volumes map the progress from the traditional security agenda to more contemporary challenges like terrorism. They serve to demonstrate the wide scope of the international security agenda today, as well as the wide range of methodologies and epistemologies used to approach the subject. Including an extensive overall introduction and part introductions by the Editors, this multi-volume set will be an essential purchase for all Political Science Libraries and Schools of International Relations.
Posted in Political Science