Exploring the Security Landscape: Non-Traditional Security Challenges

Author: Anthony J. Masys

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319279149

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 325

View: 3264

This book provides international perspective for those studying or working in the security domain, from enforcement to policy. It focuses on non-traditional threats in a landscape that has been described as transnational in nature and incorporates natural disasters, gang violence, extremism and terrorism, amongst other issues. Chapters provide innovative thinking on themes including cyber security, maritime security, transnational crime, human security, globalization and economic security. Relevant theoretical frameworks are presented and readers are expertly guided through complex threats, from matters pertaining to health security which pose threats not only to humans but also have significant national security implications, to issues regarding critical infrastructure vulnerability and the complexity of understanding terrorist operations. Authors reveal how emerging uncertainties regarding global critical infrastructure and supply chain security, food security, and health security are linked to the notion of human security. Security professionals, policy makers and academics will all gain from the insights, strategies and perspectives in this book. It builds understanding of the deepening and broadening domain of security studies and provides a valuable reference text for courses on security studies and international relations.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Geo-economics and Power Politics in the 21st Century

The Revival of Economic Statecraft

Author: Mikael Wigell,Sören Scholvin,Mika Aaltola

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351172263

Category: Political Science

Page: 250

View: 1170

Starting from the key concept of geo-economics, this book investigates the new power politics and argues that the changing structural features of the contemporary international system are recasting the strategic imperatives of foreign policy practice. States increasingly practice power politics by economic means. Whether it is about Iran’s nuclear programme or Russia’s annexation of Crimea, Western states prefer economic sanctions to military force. Most rising powers have also become cunning agents of economic statecraft. China, for instance, is using finance, investment and trade as means to gain strategic influence and embed its global rise. Yet the way states use economic power to pursue strategic aims remains an understudied topic in International Political Economy and International Relations. The contributions to this volume assess geo-economics as a form of power politics. They show how power and security are no longer simply coupled to the physical control of territory by military means, but also to commanding and manipulating the economic binds that are decisive in today’s globalised and highly interconnected world. Indeed, as the volume shows, the ability to wield economic power forms an essential means in the foreign policies of major powers. In so doing, the book challenges simplistic accounts of a return to traditional, military-driven geopolitics, while not succumbing to any unfounded idealism based on the supposedly stabilising effects of interdependence on international relations. As such, it advances our understanding of geo-economics as a strategic practice and as an innovative and timely analytical approach. This book will be of much interest to students of security studies, international political economy, foreign policy and International Relations in general.
Posted in Political Science

Handbook of Research on Network Forensics and Analysis Techniques

Author: Shrivastava, Gulshan,Kumar, Prabhat,Gupta, B. B.,Bala, Suman,Dey, Nilanjan

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522541012

Category: Computers

Page: 509

View: 1035

With the rapid advancement in technology, myriad new threats have emerged in online environments. The broad spectrum of these digital risks requires new and innovative methods for protection against cybercrimes. The Handbook of Research on Network Forensics and Analysis Techniques is a current research publication that examines the advancements and growth of forensic research from a relatively obscure tradecraft to an important part of many investigations. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics including cryptocurrency, hand-based biometrics, and cyberterrorism, this publication is geared toward professionals, computer forensics practitioners, engineers, researchers, and academics seeking relevant research on the development of forensic tools.
Posted in Computers

Asia-Pacific Security Challenges

Managing Black Swans and Persistent Threats

Author: Anthony J. Masys,Leo S.F. Lin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331961729X

Category: Nature

Page: 304

View: 3282

This edited book examines the contemporary regional security concerns in the Asia-Pacific recognizing the ‘Butterfly effect’, the concept that small causes can have large effects: ‘the flap of a butterfly’s wings can cause a typhoon halfway around the world’. For many Asia-Pacific states, domestic security challenges are at least as important as external security considerations. Recent events (both natural disasters and man-made disasters) have pointed to the inherent physical, economic, social and political vulnerabilities that exist in the region. Both black swan events and persistent threats to security characterize the challenges within the Asia-Pacific region. Transnational security challenges such as global climate change, environmental degradation, pandemics, energy security, supply chain security, resource scarcity, terrorism and organized crime are shaping the security landscape regionally and globally. The significance of emerging transnational security challenges in the Asia-Pacific Region impact globally and conversely, security developments in those other regions affect the Asia-Pacific region.
Posted in Nature

Security by Design

Innovative Perspectives on Complex Problems

Author: Anthony J. Masys

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319780212

Category: Social Science

Page: 401

View: 8425

This edited book captures salient global security challenges and presents ‘design’ solutions in dealing with wicked problems. Through case studies and applied research this book reveals the many perspectives, tools and approaches to support security design. Security design thereby can support risk and threat analysis, risk communication, problem framing and development of interventions strategies. From the refugee crisis to economic slowdowns in emerging markets, from ever-rising numbers of terrorist and cyberattacks to global water shortages, to the proliferation of the Internet of Things and its impact on the security of our homes, cities and critical infrastructure, the current security landscape is diverse and complex. These global risks have been in the headlines in the last year (Global Risks Report) and pose significant security challenges both nationally and globally. In fact, national security is no longer just national. Non-state actors, cyber NGO, rising powers, and hybrid wars and crimes in strategic areas pose complex challenges to global security. In the words of Horst Rittel (1968):"Design is an activity, which aims at the production of a plan, which plan -if implemented- is intended to bring about a situation with specific desired characteristics without creating unforeseen and undesired side and after effects."
Posted in Social Science

Rethinking Energy Security in Asia: A Non-Traditional View of Human Security

Author: Mely Caballero-Anthony,Youngho Chang,Nur Azha Putra

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 364229703X

Category: Law

Page: 103

View: 7107

Traditional notions of security are premised on the primacy of state security. In relation to energy security, traditional policy thinking has focused on ensuring supply without much emphasis on socioeconomic and environmental impacts. Non-traditional security (NTS) scholars argue that threats to human security have become increasingly prominent since the end of the Cold War, and that it is thus critical to adopt a holistic and multidisciplinary approach in addressing rising energy needs. This volume represents the perspectives of scholars from across Asia, looking at diverse aspects of energy security through a non-traditional security lens. The issues covered include environmental and socioeconomic impacts, the role of the market, the role of civil society, energy sustainability and policy trends in the ASEAN region.
Posted in Law

Use of Landscape Sciences for the Assessment of Environmental Security

Author: Irene Petrosillo,Felix Müller,K. Bruce Jones,Giovanni Zurlini,Kinga Krauze,Sergey Victorov,Bai-Lian Li,William G. Kepner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402065880

Category: Science

Page: 497

View: 5771

This book examines environmental security from the perspective of landscape sciences, identifying the forces that threaten environmental security at all levels. It stems from the last five years of the Pilot Study Project on Use of Landscape Sciences for Environmental Assessment sponsored by the NATO Committee on the Challenges of Modern Society. Readers explore concepts of environmental security from subjective and objective perspectives.
Posted in Science

How has the US Intelligence Community evolved in the modern international security environment?

Author: Francis Maiava

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3668160465

Category: Political Science

Page: 11

View: 801

Essay from the year 2014 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Peace and Conflict Studies, Security, grade: 84% (A), , course: Masters in International Security Studies with an Endorsement in Intelligence, language: English, abstract: Major historical developments continued to shape the way the United States Intelligence Community (IC) practices intelligence since its creation under the authority of the National Security Act 1947. This work seeks to explore historical significance of events and themes that influenced the way United States intelligence agencies exchanged information (or the lack of it) in a chronological and historical order to its present context. The study also examines the role of Congress in overseeing the IC and its activities and how this role has evolved over the years amid challenges such as its relationship with the Executive Branch of U.S. Government, budget oversight and the classified nature of highly sensitive information. The study closes by concluding that while much needed changes have been adopted by the IC to improve its activities and operations since 11 September 2001, time will tell whether such changes have improved the ability of intelligence to function as an effective and cohesive unit.
Posted in Political Science

Exporting Security

International Engagement, Security Cooperation, and the Changing Face of the U.S. Military

Author: Derek S. Reveron

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 158901619X

Category: History

Page: 205

View: 3532

Given U.S. focus on the continuing wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, it is easy to miss that the military does much more than engage in combat. On any given day, military engineers dig wells in East Africa, medical personnel provide vaccinations in Latin Amer
Posted in History

Evaluating Novel Threats to the Homeland

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Cruise Missiles

Author: Brian A. Jackson,Dave Frelinger

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 083304169X

Category: Political Science

Page: 106

View: 6293

Develops approaches for assessing asymmetric attacks using cruise missiles or unmanned aerial vehicles, a novel potential threat to homeland targets, in the context of other options available to terrorist actors and for identifying the factors that might make these technologies attractive to adversaries. These approaches provide the basis for exploring defensive options.
Posted in Political Science

The Paradox of the Straits of Malacca

Balancing Priorities for a Sustainable Waterway

Author: Mohd. Arshad Atta Mohamad

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Malacca, Strait of

Page: 360

View: 4912

Posted in Malacca, Strait of

Regional Governance in Post‐NAFTA North America

Building without Architecture

Author: Brian Bow,Greg Anderson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131768009X

Category: Political Science

Page: 262

View: 9311

Twenty years after NAFTA, the consensus seems to be that the regional project in North America is dead. The trade agreement was never followed up by new institutions that might cement a more ambitious regional community. The Security and Prosperity Partnership (SPP), launched with some fanfare in 2005, was quietly discontinued in 2009. And new cooperative ventures like the US‐Canada Beyond the Border talks and the US‐Mexico Merida Initiative suggest that the three governments have reverted to the familiar, pre‐NAFTA pattern of informal, incremental bilateralism. One could argue, however, that NAFTA itself has been buried, and yet the region somehow lives on, albeit in a form very different from regional integration in other parts of the world. A diverse group of contributors, from the United States, Canada, and Mexico, with experience in academia, government service, think tanks and the private sector bring to bear a sophisticated and much needed examination of regional governance in North America, its historical origins, its connection to the regional distribution of power and the respective governments’ domestic institutions, and the variance of its forms and function across different issue areas. The editors begin by surveying the literature on North American regional politics, matching up developments there with parallel debates and controversies in the broader literatures on comparative regional integration and international policy coordination more generally. Six contributors later explore the mechanisms of policy coordination in specific issue-areas, each with an emphasis on a particular set of actors, and with its own way of characterizing the relevant political and diplomatic dynamics. Chapters on the political context for regional policy coordination follow leading to concluding remarks on the future of North America. At a time when scholarly interest in North America seems to be waning, even while important and interesting political and economic developments are taking place, this volume will reinvigorate the study of North America as a region, to better understand its past, present and future.
Posted in Political Science

Global Health Challenges for Human Security

Author: Lincoln C. Chen,Jennifer Leaning,Vasant Narasimhan

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 310

View: 3084

The goals of health and human security are fundamentally valued in all societies, yet the breadth of their interconnections are not properly understood. This volume explores the evolving relationship between health and security in today's interdependent world, and offers policy guidelines for global health action. This volume underscores three basic principles. First, recent developments in the changing security landscape present enormous challenges for human security and global health. Second, although the connections between health and security are long-standing, the current context of new conflicts, pervasive poverty, and accelerating global flows has brought the fields closer together. Finally, a human security approach dependent upon individual and collective action can identify new strategies for meeting the goals of global health and security. The distinguished contributions to this volume were commissioned by Harvard University's Global Equity Initiative, a research unit supporting the work of the International Commission on Human Security.
Posted in Political Science

Understanding Security Practices in South Asia

Securitization Theory and the Role of Non-State Actors

Author: Monika Barthwal-Datta

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136322795

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 322

This book explores the ways in which non-state actors (NSAs) in South Asia are involved in securitizing non-traditional security challenges in the region at the sub-state level. South Asia is the epicentre of some of the most significant international security challenges today. Yet, the complexities of the region’s security dynamics remain under-researched. While traditional security issues, such as inter-state war, border disputes and the threat of nuclear devastation in South Asia, remain high on the agendas of policy-makers and academics both within and beyond the region, scant attention has been paid to non-traditional or ‘new’ security challenges. Drawing on various case studies, this work offers an innovative analysis of how NSAs in South Asia are shaping security discourses in the region and tackling security challenges at the sub-state level. Through its critique of securitization theory, the book calls for a new approach to studying security practices in South Asia – one which considers NSAs as legitimate security actors. This book will be of much interest to students of security studies, Asian security, Asian politics, critical security studies, and IR in general.
Posted in Political Science

Exploring Central and Eastern Europe’s Biotechnology Landscape

Author: Peter T. Robbins,Farah Huzair

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048197842

Category: Philosophy

Page: 228

View: 7686

At a time when the human genome has been sequenced advances in the life sciences seem to have great potential for human health, industry and the environment throughout Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). Still, for some, potential risks and ethical dilemmas remain, surrounding issues such as the appropriate use of GM crops, stem cells, genetic information, the nature of intellectual property and other challenges that come with EU accession. This book is the first of its kind to bring together experts from across Europe to explore the landscape of current life science policy and industrial development in CEE, including implications for economies, regulatory and legal frameworks, health care, ethics and human rights. It will be essential reading for researchers and students in science and technology studies, development, sociology, politics and law, and those interested in life science development in transition economies.
Posted in Philosophy

Human and National Security

Transnational Challenges

Author: Derek S. Reveron,Kathleen A. Mahoney-Norris

Publisher: Westview Press

ISBN: 9780813350905

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 7887

Human security is national security-even for a great power like the United States. Derek S. Reveron and Kathleen A. Mahoney-Norris make this thought-provoking argument as they examine threats to individuals' human security. Challenging traditional notions of international relations focused on interstate rivalry, Human and National Security explores a security landscape marred by subnational and transnational threats to human identity, prosperity, public health, the environment, and cyberspace. This fully updated second edition of Human and National Security: Transnational Challenges builds on the foundation of the first (published as Human Security in a Borderless World) while also incorporating new discussions of the rise of identity politics in an increasingly globalized world, an expanded account of the actors, institutions, and approaches to security today, and the ways diverse global actors protect and promote human security. An essential text for security studies students, Human and National Security not only presents human security challenges and their policy implications for the United States, it highlights how governments and non-state actors alike take advantage of new possibilities in the contemporary era to build a safer, more secure world for all.
Posted in Political Science