Exit Strategies and State Building

Author: Richard Caplan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199760128

Category: Political Science

Page: 337

View: 6741

In Exit Strategies and State Building, fifteen of the world's best scholars and practitioners of peace building focus on relevant historical and contemporary cases to provide a comprehensive overview of this issue. The book identifies four basic types of international operations where state-building has been a major objective—colonial administrations, peacekeeping operations, international administrations, and military occupations. Editor Richard Caplan and his contributors cover a variety of topics, from broad-ranging studies of exit in many types of state-building operations, to focused studies on specific historical cases, to thematic analyses under frameworks such as economics and global international relations. By examining the major challenges associated with the conclusion of international state-building operations and the requirements for the maintenance of peace in the period following exit, this book provides a unique perspective on the realities of military and political intervention. Given the twenty-first century trend toward international intervention the world over , Exit Strategies and State Building sheds more light on what is not merely an academic issue, but a pressing global policy concern.
Posted in Political Science

Fighting for Peace in Somalia

A History and Analysis of the African Union Mission (AMISOM), 2007-2017

Author: Paul D. Williams

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198724543

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

View: 6444

Fighting for Peace in Somalia provides the first comprehensive analysis of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), an operation deployed in 2007 to stabilize the country and defend its fledgling government from one of the world's deadliest militant organizations, Harakat al-Shabaab. The book's two parts provide a history of the mission from its genesis in an earlier, failed regional initiative in 2005 up to mid-2017, as well as an analysis of the mission's six most important challenges, namely, logistics, security sector reform, civilian protection, strategic communications, stabilization, and developing a successful exit strategy. These issues are all central to the broader debates about how to design effective peace operations in Africa and beyond. AMISOM was remarkable in several respects: it would become the African Union's (AU) largest peace operation by a considerable margin deploying over 22,000 soldiers; it became the longest running mission under AU command and control, outlasting the nearest contender by over seven years; it also became the AU's most expensive operation, at its peak costing approximately US$1 billion per year; and, sadly, AMISOM became the AU's deadliest mission. Although often referred to as a peacekeeping operation, AMISOM's troops were given a range of daunting tasks that went well beyond the realm of peacekeeping, including VIP protection, war-fighting, counterinsurgency, stabilization, and state-building as well as supporting electoral processes and facilitating humanitarian assistance.
Posted in Political Science

You, the People

The United Nations, Transitional Administration, and State-building

Author: Simon Chesterman

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199284009

Category: Law

Page: 296

View: 6052

The governance of post-conflict territories embodies a central contradiction: how does one help a population prepare for democratic governance and the rule of law by imposing a form of benevolent autocracy? Transitional administrations represent the most complex operations attempted by the United Nations. The operations in East Timor and Kosovo are commonly seen as unique in the history of the UN--perhaps never to be repeated. But they may also be seen as the latest in a series of operations that have involved the United Nations in 'state-building' activities, where it has attempted to develop the institutions of government by assuming some or all of those sovereign powers on a temporary basis. The circumstances that have demanded such interventions certainly will be repeated. Seen in the context of earlier UN operations, such as those in Namibia, Cambodia, and Eastern Slavonia, the view that these exceptional circumstances may not recur is somewhat disingenuous. Moreover, the need for such policy research has been brought into sharp focus by the weighty but ambiguous role assigned to the UN in Afghanistan and the possibility of a comparable role in Iraq. This book fills that gap. Aimed at policy-makers, diplomats, and a wide academic audience (including international relations, political science, international law, and war studies), the book provides a concise history of UN state-building operations and a treatment of the five key issues confronting such an operation on the ground: peace and security, the role of the UN as government, judicial reconstruction, economic reconstruction, and exit strategies.
Posted in Law

The Sovereignty Paradox

The Norms and Politics of International Statebuilding

Author: Dominik Zaum

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199207437

Category: Law

Page: 282

View: 6055

By looking at the post-conflict international administrations in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, and East Timor, the book examines how particular ideas about the state, and about the appropriate relationship between the state and its population, have influenced the statebuilding efforts of the international community.
Posted in Law

State-Building and Democratization in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Author: Dr Valery Perry,Dr Soeren Keil

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472416406

Category: Political Science

Page: 236

View: 2405

Bosnia and Herzegovina offers a useful lens through which to view international state-building and democratization efforts. International engagement here incorporated significant civilian and military investment and has been ongoing for many years. In each chapter international scholars and field-based practitioners examine the link between post-war events and a structure that effectively embeds ethno-national politics and tensions into the fabric of the country. These contributors offer lessons to be learned, and practices to be avoided whilst considering whether, as state-building and democratization efforts have struggled in this relatively advanced European country, they can succeed in other fragile states.
Posted in Political Science

UN Peace Operations and International Policing

Negotiating Complexity, Assessing Impact and Learning to Learn

Author: Charles T. Hunt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317801679

Category: Political Science

Page: 306

View: 9472

This book addresses the important question of how the United Nations (UN) should monitor and evaluate the impact of police in its peace operations. UN peace operations are a vital component of international conflict management. Since the end of the Cold War one of the foremost developments has been the rise of UN policing (UNPOL). Instances of UNPOL action have increased dramatically in number and have evolved from passive observation to participation in frontline law enforcement activities. Attempts to ascertain the impact of UNPOL activities have proven inadequate. This book seeks to redress this lacuna by investigating the ways in which the effects of peace operations – and UNPOL in particular – are monitored and evaluated. Furthermore, it aims to develop a framework, tested through field research in Liberia, for Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) that enables more effective impact assessment. By enhancing the relationship between field-level M&E and organisational learning this research aims to make an important contribution to the pursuit of more professional and effective UN peace operations. This book will be of much interest to students of peace operations, conflict management, policing, security studies and IR in general.
Posted in Political Science

33 Gesetze der Strategie

Kompaktausgabe

Author: Robert Greene

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446436421

Category: Political Science

Page: 222

View: 5947

In diesem Buch spannt Robert Greene einen weiten Bogen und stellt uns die Großmeister der Strategie vor, von Sunzi bis Churchill, von Hannibal über Friedrich den Großen bis Napoleon. Von ihren großen Erfolgen, aber auch von ihren Fehlern kann jeder lernen, denn strategisches Denken braucht man überall: in Wirtschaft und Politik, im Beruf wie im Privatleben. Die "33 Gesetze der Strategie" des Bestsellerautors Robert Greene erstmals auf Deutsch: knapp, prägnant, unterhaltsam.
Posted in Political Science

Obamas Kriege

Zerreißprobe einer Präsidentschaft

Author: Bob Woodward

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 3641090733

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 1426

BARACK OBAMA - Hoffnung, Aufbruch, Krisen, Alltag – Zeit für eine Zwischenbilanz Barack Obama begann seine Präsidentschaft als neuer Superstar der internationalen Politik, ersehnt von Menschen auf der ganzen Welt als Hoffnungsträger und Heilsbringer. Inzwischen ist er auf dem Boden der mühsamen Tagespolitik angekommen, bedrängt von ungelösten Konflikten in Nahost und Afghanistan und Krisen im eigenen Land. Wird er den Vorschusslorbeeren noch gerecht? Journalistenlegende Bob Woodward schafft es wie kein Zweiter in Washington, sich Zugang zu den brisanten Geheimnissen der Regierenden zu verschaffen. In seinem neuen Buch gibt er erstmals einen tiefen Einblick in die Arbeit des US-Präsidenten jenseits der offiziellen Kommunikation des Weißen Hauses. Schon bald muss sich Obama wieder dem Wahlkampf stellen, da kommt Woodwards spannend erzählte Zwischenbilanz, die vor allem auch den Außenpolitiker Obama in den Blick nimmt, zur rechten Zeit. • Das neue Buch des weltweit bekannten Bestsellerautors • Der erste Blick hinter die Kulissen der Obama-Regierung
Posted in Social Science

Armies and State Building in the Modern Middle East

Politics, Nationalism and Military Reform

Author: Stephanie Cronin

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 1780767404

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 3931

The uprisings of 2011, which erupted so unexpectedly and spread across the Middle East, once again propelled the armies of the region to the centre of the political stage. Throughout the region, the experience of the first decade of the twenty-first century provides ample reason to re-examine Middle Eastern armies and the historical context which produced them. By adding an historical understanding to a contemporary political analysis, Stephanie Cronin examines the structures and activities of Middle Eastern armies and their role in state- and empire-building. Focusing on Iran, Afghanistan and Saudi Arabia, Armies and State Building in the Modern Middle East presents a clear and concise analysis of the nature of armies and the differing guises military reform has taken throughout the region. Covering the region from the birth of modern armies there in the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries, to the military revolutions of the 1950s and 60s and on to the twenty-first century army-building exercises seen in Iraq and Afghanistan, Cronin provides a unique and vital presentation of the role of the military in the modern Middle East.
Posted in History

The Art of the Start

Von der Kunst, ein Unternehmen erfolgreich zu gründen

Author: Guy Kawasaki

Publisher: Vahlen

ISBN: 3800646811

Category: Fiction

Page: 211

View: 6614

The Art oft the Start Dieser äußerst praktische Ratgeber behandelt alle wichtigen Punkte, die man bei der Gründung einer Organisation, ob Unternehmen oder Non-Profit-Initiative, bedenken muss. Guy Kawasaki weiß dabei aus eigenen Erfahrungen, dass die Gründung weniger eine Wissenschaft als vielmehr eine Kunst ist. In elf Kapiteln stellt er dar, wie man die Kunst der Gründung erlernt mit dem Ziel, die Dinge von vornherein „richtig anzupacken“. Guy Kawasaki schreibt leichtgängig und humorvoll. FAQs, zahlreiche Übungen und Checklisten werden effektvoll eingesetzt und geben Orientierung bei der Umsetzung. Gängige Überzeugungen widerlegt er mit persönlichen Erfahrungen und verdichtet sie zu ganz konkreten Empfehlungen. Jedes Kapitel beginnt mit einer Quintessenz. Hilfreiche „Minikapitel“ gehen auf viele „nebensächliche“ Dinge ein wie „Die Kunst, gute PowerPoint-Präsentation zu erstellen“, „Die Kunst des Netzwerkens“ oder „Die Kunst, ein guter Redner zu sein“.
Posted in Fiction

Postconflict Development

Meeting New Challenges

Author: Gerd Junne,Willemijn Verkoren

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers

ISBN: 9781588263032

Category: Political Science

Page: 371

View: 5759

Many developing countries now exist in a "postconflict" environment, posing enormous development challenges for the societies affected, as well as for international actors." Postconflict Development" addresses these challenges and focus on the need to create new social and economic structures that can serve as the foundations for a lasting peace.
Posted in Political Science

Weltordnung

Author: Henry A. Kissinger

Publisher: C. Bertelsmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641155487

Category: Political Science

Page: 480

View: 6701

Henry Kissinger über die größte Herausforderung des 21. Jahrhunderts Hat das westlich geprägte Wertesystem im 21. Jahrhundert angesichts aufstrebender Mächte mit gänzlich anderem Menschenbild und Gesellschaftskonzept als Basis einer Frieden stiftenden Weltordnung ausgedient? Henry Kissinger, über Jahrzehnte zentrale Figur der US-Außenpolitik und Autorität für Fragen der internationalen Beziehungen, sieht unsere Epoche vor existenziellen Herausforderungen angesichts zunehmender Spannungen. In der heutigen global eng vernetzten Welt wäre eine Ordnung vonnöten, die von Menschen unterschiedlicher Kultur, Geschichte und Tradition akzeptiert wird und auf einem Regelwerk beruht, das in der Lage ist, regionale wie globale Kriege einzudämmen. Der Autor analysiert die Entstehung der unterschiedlichen Ordnungssysteme etwa in China, den islamischen Ländern oder im Westen und unternimmt den Versuch, das Trennende zwischen ihnen zusammenzuführen und den Grundstein für eine zukünftige friedliche Weltordnung zu legen.
Posted in Political Science

Global Project Management Handbook: Planning, Organizing and Controlling International Projects, Second Edition : Planning, Organizing, and Controlling International Projects

Planning, Organizing, and Controlling International Projects

Author: David Cleland,Roland Gareis

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071460454

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 575

View: 6752

Learn and apply successful international project management techniques Contributors from 20+ nations reveal how current project management concepts and techniques can be successfully applied in different political, cultural, and geographical settings. Learn how project management is carried out in major countries such as Canada, China, Russia, Germany, France, England -- and how these techniques can be applied globally. Case histories from around the world provide lessons on the international application of project management 16 completely new chapters including ones on the rebuilding of Iraq, project management in outsourcing initiatives, and developing multinational teams
Posted in Business & Economics

Netherlands Annual Review of Military Studies 2015

The Dilemma of Leaving: Political and Military Exit Strategies

Author: Jörg Noll,Daan van den Wollenberg,Frans Osinga,Georg Frerks,Irene van Kemenade

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9462650780

Category: Law

Page: 318

View: 9252

This book seeks to bridge the gap between academic, political and military thinking concerning the success and failure of peacekeeping operations and their termination. Exit strategies have recently gained attention in political, military, academic and public debates, due to the Western engagement in international and intrastate conflicts since the end of the Cold War. Yet, many of those debates took place separately. This volume, which is predominantly a joint product of academics and the military of the Faculty of Military Sciences of the Netherlands Defence Academy, shows new venues by bridging the putative political-military divide. Drawing on theory, empirics, and personal experiences the authors address exits at political, strategic, operational and tactical levels of current and past military missions and interventions, ranging from decolonisation wars to Afghanistan and Iraq. Although some of those conflicts are still ongoing, valid inferences can be drawn. An important one is that exit forms a problem for those who leave and for those who stay. While political and military objectives might not have been reached and many of those involved have the feeling that the job is still not yet done, the termination of the entire mission or transitions at operational level necessitate both departures and handovers-takeovers and are thereby characterised by discontinuities and continuities at the same time. It is these dynamics between unfulfilled end states and end dates that, in the end, lead to the dilemma of leaving. All the editors, except van den Wollenberg, are affiliated with the Faculty of Military Sciences of the Netherlands Defence Academy in Breda, the Netherlands. Jörg Noll is Associate Professor of International Conflict Studies. First Lieutenant Air-Commodore Frans Osinga is Professor of Military Operational Art and Sciences. Georg Frerks is Professor International Security Studies and Irene van Kemenade runs the Research Office of the Faculty. Daan van den Wollenberg is Commander of a mechanized artillery platoon of the Netherlands armed forces.
Posted in Law

Peacebuilding and Local Ownership

Post-conflict Consensus-building

Author: Timothy Donais

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 041558874X

Category: Political Science

Page: 178

View: 7954

This book explores the meaning of local ownership in peacebuilding and examines the ways in which it has been, and could be, operationalized in post-conflict environments. In the context of post-conflict peacebuilding, the idea of local ownership is based upon the premise that no peace process is sustainable in the absence of a meaningful degree of local involvement. Despite growing recognition of the importance of local ownership, however, relatively little attention has been paid to specifying what precisely the concept means or how it might be implemented. This volume contributes to the ongoing debate on the future of liberal peacebuilding through a critical investigation of the notion of local ownership, and challenges conventional assumptions about who the relevant locals are and what they are expected to own. Drawing on case studies from Bosnia, Afghanistan and Haiti, the text argues that local ownership can only be fostered through a long-term consensus-building process, which involves all levels of the conflict-affected society. This book will be of great interest to students of peacebuilding, peace and conflict studies, development studies, security studies and IR.
Posted in Political Science

Promoting Democracy and State Building in Palestine

Donor Assistance to the Palestinian Legislative Council

Author: Guilain Denoeux,Robert Springborg

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Palestine

Page: 89

View: 7334

Posted in Palestine

Global Politics and the Responsibility to Protect

From Words to Deeds

Author: Alex J. Bellamy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136868631

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 1142

This book provides an in-depth introduction to, and analysis of, the issues relating to the implementation of the recent Responsibility to Protect principle in international relations The Responsibility to Protect (RtoP) has come a long way in a short space of time. It was endorsed by the General Assembly of the UN in 2005, and unanimously reaffirmed by the Security Council in 2006 (Resolution 1674) and 2009 (Resolution 1894). UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has identified the challenge of implementing RtoP as one of the cornerstones of his Secretary-Generalship. The principle has also become part of the working language of international engagement with humanitarian crises and has been debated in relation to almost every recent international crisis – including Sudan, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Georgia, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Darfur and Somalia. Concentrating mainly on implementation challenges including the prevention of genocide and mass atrocities, strengthening the UN’s capacity to respond, and the role of regional organizations, this book introducing readers to contemporary debates on R2P and provides the first book-length analysis of the implementation agenda. The book will be of great interest to students of the responsibility to protect, humanitarian intervention, human rights, foreign policy, security studies and IR and politics in general.
Posted in History

Afghanistan from the Cold War through the War on Terror

Author: Barnett R. Rubin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199970416

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 9150

One of our foremost authorities on modern Afghanistan, Barnett R. Rubin has dedicated much of his career to the study of this remote mountain country. He served as a special advisor to the late Ambassador Richard Holbrooke during his final mission to the region and still serves the Obama administration under Holbrooke's successor, Ambassador Marc Grossman. Now Rubin distills his unmatched knowledge of Afghanistan in this invaluable book. He shows how the Taliban arose in resistance to warlords some of whom who were raping and plundering with impunity in the vacuum of authority left by the collapse of the Afghan state after the Soviet withdrawal. The Taliban built on a centuries-old tradition of local leadership by students and teachers at independent, rural madrasas--networks that had been marginalized by the state-building royal regime that was itself destroyed by the Soviets and radicalized by the resistance to the invasion. He examines the arrival of Arab Islamists, the missed opportunities after the American-led intervention, the role of Pakistan, and the challenges of reconstruction. Rubin provides first-hand accounts of the bargaining at both the Bonn Talks of 2001 and the Afghan Constitutional Loya Jirga of 2003-2004, in both of which he participated as a UN advisor. Throughout, he discusses the significance of ethnic rivalries, the drug trade, human rights, state-building, US strategic choices, and international organizations, analyzing the missteps in these areas taken by the international community since 2001. The book covers events till the start of the Obama administration, and the final chapters provide an inside look at some of the thinking that is shaping today's policy debates inside the administration. Authoritative, nuanced, and sweeping in scope, Afghanistan in the Post-Cold War Era provides deep insight into the greatest foreign policy challenge facing America today.
Posted in History

Wettbewerbsvorteile

Spitzenleistungen erreichen und behaupten

Author: Michael E. Porter

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593500485

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 688

View: 8414

Wettbewerbsvorteile entscheiden über Erfolg oder Misserfolg eines Unternehmens. Michael E. Porter zeigt, wie sich Firmen in ihrer Branche Wettbewerbsvorteile verschaffen und so behaupten können. Entweder ein Produkt hat einen Kostenvorteil oder es muss einen einzigartigen Nutzen bieten, der einen höheren Preis rechtfertigt. Porters Strategieklassiker muss jeder kennen, der mit der Strategieentwicklung in einer Firma zu tun hat.
Posted in Business & Economics