Evolutionary Psychology

An Introduction

Author: Lance Workman,Will Reader

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107783100

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 7708

Written for undergraduate psychology students, and assuming little knowledge of evolutionary science, the third edition of this classic textbook provides an essential introduction to evolutionary psychology. Fully updated with the latest research and new learning features, it provides a thought-provoking overview of evolution and illuminates the evolutionary foundation of many of the broader topics taught in psychology departments. The text retains its balanced and critical evaluation of hypotheses and full coverage of the fundamental topics required for undergraduates. This new edition includes more material on the social and reproductive behaviour of non-human primates, morality, cognition, development and culture as well as new photos, illustrations, text boxes and thought questions to support student learning. Some 280 online multiple choice questions complete the student questioning package. This new material complements the classic features of this text, which include suggestions for further reading, chapter summaries, a glossary, and two-colour figures throughout.
Posted in Psychology

Evolution in mind

an introduction to evolutionary psychology

Author: Henry C. Plotkin

Publisher: Harvard Univ Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 276

View: 8169

We aren't very strong, nor very fast, we have insufficient body hair to keep us warm and dry, and we will never eat bananas with our feet. But like our chimpanzee cousins, we, the naked apes, have evolved to flourish in our surroundings--a cultural environment largely of our own creation. For the human race, the critical evolution of the past million years has been the evolution of our minds. Yet psychology, the very science that purports to understand us, has long been deeply ambivalent about Darwin's unsettling discoveries. In an accessible, level-headed overview, Henry Plotkin describes the new rapprochement called 'evolutionary psychology.' He examines how such a powerful theory as Darwinism could have been disregarded by much academic psychology and shows why the relationship between the two must be readdressed. The theory and data of evolutionary biology and animal behavior can illuminate many of our most basic mental processes and activities: language learning, perception, social understanding, and most controversially, culture and the sharing of knowledge and beliefs. Ranging from the nature-nurture question, which has bedeviled philosophers and scientists for thousands of years, to recent debates about the mind's structure, Evolution in Mind vividly demonstrates how an evolutionary perspective helps us understand what we are, and how we got that way.
Posted in Psychology

Evolutionäre Psychologie

Author: David M. Buss

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783827370945

Category: Evolution

Page: 599

View: 4891

In den verschiedenen Verhaltenswissenschaften hat sich ein Ansatz etabliert, der als "Neodarwinische Renaissance" angesehen werden kann. Dieser evolutionäre Ansatz breitet sich in jüngster Zeit auch in der Psychologie zunehmend aus. David Buss gilt als einer der Pioniere der evolutionären Psychologie. Die inhaltlichen Schwerpunkte in dem Standardwerk von Buss liegen auf Fragen zu Liebe und Partnerschaft sowie zur Persönlichkeit. Es orientiert sich an den grundlegenden Anpassungsproblemen der Psychologie. Die verschiedenen Teilbereiche der Psychologie werden aus einer evolutionären Perspektive betrachtet.
Posted in Evolution

Evolutionary Psychology, An Introduction

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1497027861

Category: Education

Page: 79

View: 5231

Facts101 is your complete guide to Evolutionary Psychology, An Introduction. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.
Posted in Education

Sozialpsychologie - Individuum und soziale Welt

Author: Hans W. Bierhoff,Dieter Frey

Publisher: Hogrefe Verlag

ISBN: 3840921546

Category: Psychology

Page: 320

View: 2489

Der Band bietet eine aktuelle Einführung in die Grundlagen der Sozialpsychologie. Mit dem Fokus auf das Individuum in der sozialen Welt werden die wichtigsten sozialpsychologischen Theorien und Methoden anschaulich dargestellt. Der Band führt in Konzepte des sozialen Selbst ein und betrachtet dabei problematische Persönlichkeitsmerkmale wie Autoritarismus, Narzissmus und Soziale Dominanzorientierung. Kognitive Konsistenz und Dissonanz sowie Kontrollstreben und -verlust, interpersonale Attraktion und physische Attraktivität bilden weitere thematische Schwerpunkte. Das Kapitel zu den Methoden beleuchtet Befragungen und Experimente als die wichtigsten sozialpsychologischen Forschungsverfahren. Außerdem werden sozial-kognitive Prozesse wie soziale Wahrnehmung, soziale Urteile und Entscheidungen sowie deren neurowissenschaftliche Bezüge ausführlich erläutert. Der Band schließt mit spannenden Kapiteln über Einstellungen, Stereotype und Vorurteile ab. Alle Kapitel sind mit Abbildungen, Kästen und Zusammenfassungen zur besseren Veranschaulichung der sozialpsychologischen Begriffe und Zusammenhänge angereichert. Zudem finden sich am Ende der Kapitel Verständnisfragen zur optimalen Prüfungsvorbereitung.
Posted in Psychology

Statistik und Forschungsmethoden

Lehrbuch. Mit Online-Material

Author: Michael Eid,Mario Gollwitzer,Manfred Schmitt

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783621282017

Category:

Page: 1056

View: 2164

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R für Einsteiger

Einführung in die Statistiksoftware für die Sozialwissenschaften. Mit Online-Material

Author: Maike Luhmann

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783621282499

Category:

Page: 336

View: 950

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Evolutionary psychology

a beginner's guide : human behaviour, evolution, and the mind

Author: Robin Ian MacDonald Dunbar,Louise Barrett,John Lycett

Publisher: Oneworld Pubns Ltd

ISBN: 9781851683567

Category: Psychology

Page: 184

View: 1461

This accessible guide provides an introduction to evolutionary psychology -he fascinating and often controversial new discipline that studies humanehavior, evolution and the mind. Starting with its origins in the work ofharles Darwin, the book covers all the key areas of evolutionary psychology,ncluding the role played by genetics in our sexual behavior, parentalecision-making, and how babies learn about and adapt to the world. In clearnd straight-forward language, the book also breaks new ground in examininghe debates and ethical questions raised right now by evolutionary psychologynd contemplating their implications for the future of humankind.
Posted in Psychology

Charles Darwin

The Shaping of Evolutionary Thinking

Author: Lance Workman

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137313234

Category: Psychology

Page: 220

View: 8936

There are few aspects of the modern world that remain untouched by Charles Darwin's legacy. His ideas have affected everything from science to religion, and have influenced debates about ethics, animal welfare and nature versus nurture. But who was Charles Darwin, and why has he remained such a pivotal and controversial figure, over a hundred years on from his death? How has Darwinism changed psychology, biology and the behavioural sciences? Lance Workman, an expert in evolutionary psychology, explores these questions in this thought-provoking introduction to the life, works and legacy of one of science's greatest thinkers. It is essential reading for anyone interested in evolution and the human condition.
Posted in Psychology

Tribe

Das verlorene Wissen um Gemeinschaft und Menschlichkeit

Author: Sebastian Junger

Publisher: Karl Blessing Verlag

ISBN: 3641203619

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 4744

Unser Trauma: eine Gesellschaft ohne Gemeinschaft. »Entbehrungen machen dem Menschen nichts aus, er ist sogar auf sie angewiesen; worunter er jedoch leidet, ist das Gefühl, nicht gebraucht zu werden. Die moderne Gesellschaft hat die Kunst perfektioniert, Menschen das Gefühl der Nutzlosigkeit zu geben. Es ist an der Zeit, dem ein Ende zu setzen.« Sebastian Junger Warum beschließen Soldaten nach ihrer Rückkehr aus dem Krieg und in die Heimat, sich zu neuen Einsätzen zu melden? Warum sind Belastungsstörungen und Depressionen in unserer modernen Gesellschaft so virulent? Warum erinnern sich Menschen oft sehnsüchtiger an Katastrophenerfahrungen als an Hochzeiten oder Karibikurlaube? Mit Tribe hat Sebastian Junger eines der meistdiskutierten Werke des Jahres vorgelegt. Er erklärt, was wir von Stammeskulturen über Loyalität, Gemeinschaftsgefühl und die ewige Suche des Menschen nach Sinn lernen können.
Posted in Social Science

An Introduction to Evolutionary Ethics

Author: Scott M. James

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444329529

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 7436

Offering the first general introductory text to this subject, the timely Introduction to Evolutionary Ethics reflects the most up-to-date research and current issues being debated in both psychology and philosophy. The book presents students to the areas of cognitive psychology, normative ethics, and metaethics. The first general introduction to evolutionary ethics Provides a comprehensive survey of work in three distinct areas of research: cognitive psychology, normative ethics, and metaethics Presents the most up-to-date research available in both psychology and philosophy Written in an engaging and accessible style for undergraduates and the interested general reader Discusses the evolution of morality, broadening its relevance to those studying psychology
Posted in Philosophy

Evolution and Behavior

Author: Lance Workman,Will Reader

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317536819

Category: Psychology

Page: 268

View: 6424

The relationship between how we evolved and how we behave is a controversial and fascinating field of study. From how we choose a mate to how we socialize with other people, the evolutionary process has an enduring legacy on the way we view the world. Evolution and Behavior provides students with a thorough and accessible introduction to this growing discipline. Placing evolutionary psychology in context with the core areas of psychology – developmental, cognitive and social – the book explores some of the most fundamental questions we can ask about ourselves. Taking students through the principles of natural selection, it provides a nuanced understanding of key topics such as: cognitive development and the role of intelligence, memory, emotions and perception, mental health and abnormal psychology, sexual reproduction and family relationships, the development of culture. Addressing a number of controversial debates in the field, each chapter also includes concept boxes, the definition of key terms, chapter summaries and further reading. This is the ideal introductory textbook for anyone interested in evolutionary psychology. It will provide not only an essential overview of this emerging field, but also deepen readers’ appreciation of the core tenets of psychology as a whole.
Posted in Psychology

Das unbeschriebene Blatt

Die moderne Leugnung der menschlichen Natur

Author: Steven Pinker

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104903905

Category: Social Science

Page: 768

View: 925

Mit einem aktuellen Vorwort zur Neuausgabe! Auf John Locke geht die Vorstellung zurück, der Mensch sei ein leeres Blatt, auf dem im Verlauf des Lebens die persönlichen Erfahrungen eingetragen werden. In seinem mittlerweile klassischen Buch »Das unbeschriebene Blatt. Die moderne Leugnung der menschlichen Natur« bezieht Bestseller-Autor Steven Pinker ganz die Gegenposition: Mit Witz, Brillanz und Gelehrsamkeit analysiert er die Geschichte dieser Idee und zeigt, wie falsch sie ist – mit allen kruden Auswirkungen auf Vorstellungen von Sexualität, Rasse, Kindererziehung, Intelligenz usw. Die Rolle der Gene wird systematisch unterschätzt; aber das bedeutet nicht, dass wir ihnen völlig ausgeliefert sind. Pinker zeigt nämlich auch, wie befreiend diese Sichtweise sein kann. Ein unterhaltsames und anschauliches Buch zur Natur des Menschen, ein echter Lesegenuss.
Posted in Social Science

Warum macht Sex Spaß?

die Evolution der menschlichen Sexualität

Author: Jared M. Diamond

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783596184835

Category:

Page: 237

View: 8530

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The Adapted Mind

Evolutionary Psychology and the Generation of Culture

Author: Jerome H. Barkow,Leda Cosmides,John Tooby

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195356472

Category: Science

Page: 688

View: 9126

Although researchers have long been aware that the species-typical architecture of the human mind is the product of our evolutionary history, it has only been in the last three decades that advances in such fields as evolutionary biology, cognitive psychology, and paleoanthropology have made the fact of our evolution illuminating. Converging findings from a variety of disciplines are leading to the emergence of a fundamentally new view of the human mind, and with it a new framework for the behavioral and social sciences. First, with the advent of the cognitive revolution, human nature can finally be defined precisely as the set of universal, species-typical information-processing programs that operate beneath the surface of expressed cultural variability. Second, this collection of cognitive programs evolved in the Pleistocene to solve the adaptive problems regularly faced by our hunter-gatherer ancestors--problems such as mate selection, language acquisition, cooperation, and sexual infidelity. Consequently, the traditional view of the mind as a general-purpose computer, tabula rasa, or passive recipient of culture is being replaced by the view that the mind resembles an intricate network of functionally specialized computers, each of which imposes contentful structure on human mental organization and culture. The Adapted Mind explores this new approach--evolutionary psychology--and its implications for a new view of culture.
Posted in Science

Theoretical Issues in Psychology

An Introduction

Author: Sacha Bem,Huib Looren de Jong

Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited

ISBN: 1446281434

Category: Psychology

Page: 416

View: 6272

Electronic inspection copies are available for instructors The 3rd edition of Theoretical Issues in Psychology provides an authoritative overview of the conceptual issues in psychology which introduces the underlying philosophies that underpin them. It includes new insights across the philosophy of science combined with increased psychological coverage to show clearly how these two communities interrelate, ensuring an integrative understanding of the fundamental debates and how they link to your wider studies. Key features of this new edition include: Concise paragraphs, multiple examples and additional summaries throughout to help you focus on key areas of knowledge Textboxes with definitions and key concepts to help your understanding of the main debates and ideas New content on the philosophy of mind, philosophy of science, cognition and cognitive neuroscience New up-to-date material on consciousness and evolutionary psychology PowerPoint slides are available for each chapter. You can find these under the 'Sample Materials' section. Sacha Bem & Huib Looren de Jong's textbook remains essential for students taking courses in conceptual and historical issues in psychology, philosophy of psychology or theoretical psychology.
Posted in Psychology

An Introduction to Child Development

Author: Thomas Keenan

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761962205

Category: Psychology

Page: 288

View: 5863

This outstanding new textbook presents a comprehensive introduction to developmental psychology that is engaging, yet detailed and thorough. Covering all the major topics in child development, the book offers a grounding in the principles which govern research and theory in contemporary child development, and surveys those theories and research methods which are essential to developing a firm knowledge of the field. Some key features include: · Coverage of the child's 'theory of mind' under the rubric of social development; · an introduction to 'emotion regulation' in the chapter on emotional development; · Coverage of some key theories such as 'dynamic systems theory' and 'evolutionary psychology’
Posted in Psychology

Psychology

an introduction

Author: Charles G. Morris,Albert Anthony Maisto,Ann Levine

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 707

View: 9068

This best-selling, reader-friendly introduction to psychology as a science provides engaging coverage of traditional topics -- giving readers a firm grasp of the scope, vocabulary, and concepts of psychology. It treats psychology as a diverse discipline -- the way psychologists perceive it -- combining a concern for research, theory, gender, and cross-cultural issues with examples that are both familiar and applicable to readers. Provides full coverage of the core topics in psychology: biological basis of behavior; sensation and perception; consciousness; learning; memory; cognition and language; intelligence and mental abilities; life span development; motivation and emotion; personality; stress and health psychology; psychological disorders; therapies; social psychology. Contains a full chapter on Culture and Diversity and integrates the themes of diversity (e.g., gender, ethnic origin, sexual orientation) throughout. Provides an Industrial/Organizational Psychology appendix that covers topics such as personnel selection, training, performance appraisal, leadership and motivation as well as human factors, cross-cultural issues, and human resource development. For anyone wanting a solid introduction to psychology and its contemporary applications.
Posted in Psychology

Einführung in die Verhaltensökologie

mit 33 Tabellen

Author: John R. Krebs,Nicholas B. Davies

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783826330469

Category:

Page: 484

View: 7342

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Evolutionary Psychology

Neuroscience Perspectives concerning Human Behavior and Experience

Author: William J. Ray

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483306046

Category: Psychology

Page: 536

View: 4943

Many books in evolutionary psychology emphasize just a small part of the total picture. Evolutionary Psychology gives students a clear understanding of how current psychological knowledge of human behavior and experience draws from a variety of perspectives. It begins with an understanding of evolution and the close connection between organisms and their environment. It provides the student the basics necessary to see how the environment and the turning on and off of genes can influence humans and the cultures in which they live. The book shows that we solve certain problems of life as many species have done for years. It also shows a glimpse of human abilities not seen in other species. We use language. We purposely teach our children. We build large cities that survive long after a single generation. We create cultures that through their writings and art can influence other humans thousands of years later. Current research in social processes, decision making, and brain imaging is presented in a clear manner throughout the book. The book emphasizes developmental processes and family relationships, sexual and social relationships, as well as emotionality and language. The book concludes by applying an evolutionary understanding approach to examine the areas of health and disease, psychopathology, and culture.
Posted in Psychology