This is a wide-ranging and original collection of essays on early modern migration. The contributors, including Bernard Bailyn, Ned Landsman, L.M. Cullen, and Nicolas Sanchez-Albornoz, examine the scale and character of migration from a range of countries. Besides collectively finding that such migration more often led to an early death than to a quick fortune, the essays also suggest that the period 1500-1800 was transitional between the narrowly focused migration of the medieval period and the mass migration of the nineteenth century.
Studies on European Migration, 1500-1800
Author: Nicholas P. Canny
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Using comparative and long-term perspectives the seventeen essays in this collection discuss the development of labor relations and labor migrations in Europe, Asia and the US from the thirteenth century to the present.
Essays in Honor of Jan Lucassen
Praise for the first edition: "By far the best general book on its subject.... Moving Europeans will remain a standard reference for some time to come." –Charles Tilly "Moch has reconceived the social history of Europe." —David Levine Moving Europeans tells the story of the vast movements of people throughout Europe and examines the links between human mobility and the fundamental changes that transformed European life. This update of a classic text describes the Western European migration from the pre-industrial era to the year 2000. For this new edition, Leslie Page Moch reconsiders the 20th century in light of fundamental changes in labor, years of conflict, and the new migrations following the end of colonial empires, the fall of communism, and globalization. This new edition also features a greatly expanded and up-to-date bibliography.
Migration in Western Europe Since 1650
Author: Leslie Page Moch
Publisher: Indiana University Press
Category: Social Science
Um Christi Geburt war Europa zweigeteilt in den hochentwickelten Süden der Mittelmeerkulturen und den unentwickelten Norden germanischund slawisch sprechender Stammeskulturen. Diese kannten weder die Schrift noch den steinernen Siedlungsbau, ein stehendes Heer oder die Geldwirtschaft, geschweige denn Städte mit Feuerwehr und Müllabfuhr. Wie konnte der »Ansturm der Barbaren« dem römischen Imperium den Todesstoß versetzen? Peter Heather stellt diese alte Frage im Licht der Erkenntnisse zur Ethnogenese und der modernen Migrationsforschung neu. Vom Hunnensturm bis zu den Wikingern untersucht er die Dynamik der europäischen Wanderungsbewegungen. Die sozialen und wirtschaftlichen Wechselwirkungen zwischen beiden Kulturräumen veränderten diese von Grund auf und ließen sie langfristig zu einer neuen kulturellen Einheit werden: dem Europa, das wir in weiterentwickelter Form noch heute kennen.
Die Entstehung Europas im ersten Jahrtausend nach Christus
Author: Peter Heather
English summary: This collection examines how the idea of religious-confessional identities on the one hand and the development of mobility on the other influenced each other in modern Europe. German text. German description: Das fruhneuzeitliche Europa ist gekennzeichnet durch eine enorme Zunahme von Mobilitat, bedingt durch bessere Verkehrswege und technische Neuerungen seit dem Ausgang des Mittelalters. Religion konnte sich einerseits hemmend auf solche Mobilitatsprozesse auswirken. Andererseits konnten religiose Beweggrunde raumbezogene Mobilitat aber auch befordern, ja zum Teil uberhaupt erst bewirken. So loste die konfessionelle Spaltung der lateinischen Christenheit und die nachfolgende Konfessionalisierung in den Territorien Migrationsprozesse bisher ungekannter Grosse aus, bis hin zur Auswanderung ganzer Glaubensgemeinschaften nach Ubersee. Aber auch wirtschaftliche Zwange, Kriege und Hungersnote, die Ausubung von Handel und bestimmten Gewerben oder die akademische Ausbildung sowie die adelige Standeserziehung konnten Menschen gleich welchen religiosen Bekenntnisses dazu veranlassen, dauerhaft oder zeitweilig ihren Aufenthaltsort zu wechseln. Beide Phanomene, Religion und Mobilitat, sind von der historischen Forschung bislang zumeist getrennt voneinander behandelt worden. Die Konfessionalisierungsforschung hat Religion bislang als Impulsgeber fur Mobilitat wahrgenommen und dabei den Zusammenhang mit anderen Formen von Mobilitat zum Teil vernachlassigt. Die Beitrage des Bandes tragen dazu bei, religions- und migrationsgeschichtliche Ansatze und Fragestellungen zusammenzufuhren und enger miteinander zu verzahnen. Im Mittelpunkt steht die Frage nach dem Stellenwert von Mobilitat fur die Ausbildung oder Auflosung religios-konfessioneller Identitaten im fruhneuzeitlichen Europa.
zum Verhältnis von raumbezogener Mobilität und religiöser Identitätsbildung im frühneuzeitlichen Europa
Author: Henning P. Jürgens,Thomas Weller
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
Taking a broad, comparative approach to imperial experiences, this volume provides an authoritative survey of the latest research into the histories of modern empires. The focus is on the era of modern imperial history dating approximately from the early sixteenth century to the present. Such a periodization enables the volume to include the European experience of imperial expansion and settlement, important historical experiences outside the west such as those of Russia, Japan and China, the collapse of European empires attendant on decolonization in the post World War II period, and the contemporary example of North America. The companion is divided into three sections, 'Times', 'Spaces' and 'Themes' which allows chronological, geographical and thematical approaches to be successfully combined. In so doing this volume provides a unique research tool that will be invaluable to all students and scholars interested in the history of empires, imperialism and colonialism in the post-classical world.
Author: Professor John Marriott,Professor Philippa Levine
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Out of this World - the story of modern America's first century. Beginning with the shaky start at Jamestown in 1607, and ending with the cultural crisis of the Salem witch-trials in 1692, Malcolm Gaskill recreates the fascinating transatlantic story of the English plantations in north America. From Maine in the north right down to the Caribbean, the book charts the evolving attitudes to transatlantic adventures in England as the colonies grew in size,wealth and confidence, as well as the evolving attitudes to the mother country in the colonies themselves. It is a story teeming with people on the move, making decisions, indulging or resisting their desires anddreams - and one which has often been neglected or misunderstood on both sides of the Atlantic in the centuries since.
How the English Became Americans
Author: Malcolm Gaskill
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
This volume provides case studies of the growth of urban and rural communities and their institutions in Languedoc and Provence in the Middle Ages. The importance of a Roman law tradition and the new institutions of the notary and his records are observed in both urban and rural contexts, and interactions between town and country are featured.
Provence and Languedoc, 1000-1500
Author: Kathryn Louise Reyerson,John Victor Drendel
In the traditional narrative of American colonial history, early European settlements, as well as native peoples and African slaves, were treated in passing as unfortunate aberrations in a fundamentally upbeat story of Englishmen becoming freer and more prosperous by colonizing an abundant continent of "free land." Over the last generation, historians have broadened our understanding of colonial America by adopting both a trans-Atlantic and a trans-continental perspective, examining the interplay of Europe, Africa, and the Americas through the flow of goods, people, plants, animals, capital, and ideas. In this Very Short Introduction, Alan Taylor presents an engaging overview of the best of this new scholarship. He shows that American colonization derived from a global expansion of European exploration and commerce that began in the fifteenth century. The English had to share the stage with the French, Spanish, Dutch, and Russians, each of whom created alternative Americas. By comparing the diverse colonies of rival empires, Taylor recovers what was truly distinctive about the English enterprise in North America. He focuses especially on slavery as central to the economy, culture, and political thought of the colonists and restores the importance of native peoples to the colonial story. To adapt to the new land, the colonists needed the expertise, guidance, alliance, and trade of the Indians who dominated the interior. This historical approach emphasizes the ability of the diverse natives to adapt to the newcomers and to compel concessions from them. This Very Short Introduction describes an intermingling of cultures and of microbes, plants, and animals--from different continents that was unparalleled in global history. Oxford's Very Short Introductions series offers concise and original introductions to a wide range of subjects--from Islam to Sociology, Politics to Classics, Literary Theory to History, and Archaeology to the Bible. Not simply a textbook of definitions, each volume in this series provides trenchant and provocative--yet always balanced and complete--discussions of the central issues in a given discipline or field. Every Very Short Introduction gives a readable evolution of the subject in question, demonstrating how the subject has developed and how it has influenced society. Eventually, the series will encompass every major academic discipline, offering all students an accessible and abundant reference library. Whatever the area of study that one deems important or appealing, whatever the topic that fascinates the general reader, the Very Short Introductions series has a handy and affordable guide that will likely prove indispensable.
Author: Alan Taylor
Publisher: Oxford University Press
In the seventeenth-century English Atlantic, religious beliefs and practices played a central role in creating racial identity. English Protestantism provided a vocabulary and structure to describe and maintain boundaries between insider and outsider. In this path-breaking study, Heather Miyano Kopelson peels back the layers of conflicting definitions of bodies and competing practices of faith in the puritan Atlantic, demonstrating how the categories of “white,” “black,” and “Indian” developed alongside religious boundaries between “Christian” and “heathen” and between “Catholic” and “Protestant.” Faithful Bodies focuses on three communities of Protestant dissent in the Atlantic World: Bermuda, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island. In this “puritan Atlantic,” religion determined insider and outsider status: at times Africans and Natives could belong as long as they embraced the Protestant faith, while Irish Catholics and English Quakers remained suspect. Colonists’ interactions with indigenous peoples of the Americas and with West Central Africans shaped their understandings of human difference and its acceptable boundaries. Prayer, religious instruction, sexual behavior, and other public and private acts became markers of whether or not blacks and Indians were sinning Christians or godless heathens. As slavery became law, transgressing people of color counted less and less as sinners in English puritans’ eyes, even as some of them made Christianity an integral part of their communities. As Kopelson shows, this transformation proceeded unevenly but inexorably during the long seventeenth century.
Performing Religion and Race in the Puritan Atlantic
Author: Heather Miyano Kopelson
Publisher: NYU Press
Homesickness today is dismissed as a sign of immaturity, what children feel at summer camp, but in the nineteenth century it was recognized as a powerful emotion. When gold miners in California heard the tune "Home, Sweet Home," they sobbed. When Civil War soldiers became homesick, army doctors sent them home, lest they die. Such images don't fit with our national mythology, which celebrates the restless individualism of colonists, explorers, pioneers, soldiers, and immigrants who supposedly left home and never looked back. Using letters, diaries, memoirs, medical records, and psychological studies, this wide-ranging book uncovers the profound pain felt by Americans on the move from the country's founding until the present day. Susan Matt shows how colonists in Jamestown longed for and often returned to England, African Americans during the Great Migration yearned for their Southern homes, and immigrants nursed memories of Sicily and Guadalajara and, even after years in America, frequently traveled home. These iconic symbols of the undaunted, forward-looking American spirit were often homesick, hesitant, and reluctant voyagers. National ideology and modern psychology obscure this truth, portraying movement as easy, but in fact Americans had to learn how to leave home, learn to be individualists. Even today, in a global society that prizes movement and that condemns homesickness as a childish emotion, colleges counsel young adults and their families on how to manage the transition away from home, suburbanites pine for their old neighborhoods, and companies take seriously the emotional toll borne by relocated executives and road warriors. In the age of helicopter parents and boomerang kids, and the new social networks that sustain connections across the miles, Americans continue to assert the significance of home ties. By highlighting how Americans reacted to moving farther and farther from their roots, Homesickness: An American History revises long-held assumptions about home, mobility, and our national identity.
An American History
Author: Susan J. Matt
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This book comprises the first full-length comparison of Scottish, Irish, English and Welsh migration within Europe in the early modern period. The contributions demonstrate the fruitfulness of pursuing a comparative approach to seventeenth-century British and Irish history.
1603 - 1688
Author: David Worthington
Author: Wolfgang Schmale,Reinhard Stauber
Publisher: Berlin Verlag
Category: Territory, National
vom 17. Jahrhundert bis zur Gegenwart
Author: Klaus J. Bade
Category: Emigration and immigration
Zeitschrift für historische Analyse des 20. und 21. Jahrhunderts
Category: Social history