This publication examines the rules in force in Europe governing prisons and the treatment of prisoners, including the use of force, the selection of prison staff and the protection of prisoners' human rights, based on Recommendation Rec (2006) 2 on the European Prison Rules (which was adopted by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe in January 2006). It contains the text of the recommendation with a detailed commentary on it, together with a report which considers recent developments and analyses the effectiveness of these rules and of imprisonment as a form of punishment.
Publisher: Council of Europe
At the start of the 21st century, some 2 million Europeans were detained against their will in prisons, police stations, mental health institutions or other detention centres. It is generally recognised that protection against the arbitrary deprivation of liberty and the prevention of ill-treatment reflect the extent to which states respect human rights and human dignity, when these can be jeopardised by demands for security and efficiency. This book describes the European system for the protection of people deprived of their liberty and how this has evolved over the past fifty years. It discusses the different initiatives taken by the Council of Europe in this area, of which the European Convention on Human Rights and the Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment are the most significant.
Author: J. L. Murdoch
Publisher: Council of Europe
European prison law and policy has a growing impact. This book explores its development, analyses the penological and human rights foundations on which it is based and lays out general principles that underlie European prison law and policy, emphasising the principle of using imprisonment as a last resort and the recognition of prisoners' rights.
Penology and Human Rights
Author: Dirk van Zyl Smit,Sonja Snacken
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Prisons and imprisonment have become a commonplace topic in popular culture as the setting and rationale for fiction and documentaries and most people seem to have a clear notion of what it is like in prison, ranging from the idea of the prison cell as a cosy nook with fast internet access to that of a dungeon with a hard bed and a diet of bread and water. But what is prison really like? Do prisoners have the same rights as everyone else? What are the similarities and differences between prisons in different European countries? This book answers all of these questions, whilst also presenting cutting-edge research on the living conditions of long-term prisoners in Europe and considering whether these conditions meet international human rights standards. Bringing together leading experts in the field, with comprehensive coverage of the issues in Belgium, Croatia, Denmark, England, Finland, France, Germany, Lithuania, Poland, Spain and Sweden, this book offers the first comparative study on the subject. Whereas past research in this area has concentrated on the Anglo-American experience, this book offers a truly comparative European approach and pays due attention to the differences in prison systems between the post-Soviet countries and continental Europe. This book will be key reading for academics and students of criminology, criminal justice and penology and will also be of interest to students and practitioners of law.
Author: Kirstin Drenkhahn,Manuela Dudeck,Frieder Dünkel
Category: Social Science
Drawing on the expertise and experience of contributors from a wide range of academic, professional and judicial backgrounds, this handbook critically analyses the laws, policies and practices that govern detention, punishment and the enforcement of sentences in the international criminal justice context. Comprehensive and innovative, it also explores broader normative questions related to international punishment and makes recommendations for the international penal system's development.
Author: Róisín Mulgrew,Denis Abels
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
"These studies recover the historical roots of thinking that are in conflict with, and critical of, present-day tendencies. Criminological theory over the last few decades has oscillated between extremes: on one side there are calls for increasing the state exercise of punitive power as the only means of providing security, in the face of both urban and international rime; while the other side highlights the need for reducing the exercise of punitive power because of the paradoxical effects that it produces. Useful for academics, practitioners, professionals and students, this book will certainly contribute to a wider awareness in crime prevention and criminal justice."--Publisher's website.
Author: Eugenio Raúl Zaffaroni,Edmundo Oliveira
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
International Developments in Research and Practice
Author: Graham Davies,Sally Lloyd-Bostock,Mary McMurran,Clare Wilson
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Official Organ of the American Institute of Criminal Law and Criminology
Die Kriminalsoziologie liegt an der Schnittstelle zwischen mehreren Wissenschaftsdisziplinen. Sie behandelt ein Feld, in dem das Thema Kriminalität im Kontext von Gesellschaft und Individuum aus verschiedenen Perspektiven und mit unterschiedlichen Methoden thematisiert wird. Aktuelle Forschungen aus den Kerndisziplinen der Kriminologie und Soziologie sind oftmals mit Fragestellungen aus der Psychologie, Rechtswissenschaft, Pädagogik, Wirtschaftswissenschaft, Theologie und Philosophie verknüpft. Diese Vielfalt hat eine bunte Forschungslandschaft erzeugt, die bislang nicht umfassend dargestellt wurde. Das Handbuch soll dies für ausgewählte Themengebiete leisten. Dazu stellen Expertinnen und Experten eines Fachgebiets ihre aktuellen Forschungsthemen systematisch und umfassend vor. Neben der Aufarbeitung des aktuellen Diskussions- und Forschungsstands liegt ein zusätzlicher Schwerpunkt auf der Präsentation eigener Studien, wobei großer Wert auf eine sehr gute Verständlichkeit gelegt wurde. Mit Beiträgen von Dirk Baier, Thomas Bliesener, Andreas Böttger, Hans-Bernd Brosius, Kai Bussmann, Frieder Dünkel, Stefanie Eifler, Peter Graeff, Volker Grundies, Dieter Hermann, Helmut Hirtenlehner, Dina Hummelsheim-Doss, Hans-Jürgen Kerner, Anna Sophie Kümpel, Heinz Leitgöb, Eva Link, Christiane Micus-Loos, Saskia Niproschke, Dietrich Oberwittler, Christina Peter, Andreas Pöge, Daniela Pollich, Jost Reinecke, Debbie Schepers, Sonja Schulz, Daniel Seddig, Klaus Sessar, Mark Stemmler, Holger Stroezel, Helmut Thome, Angelika Treibel, Christian Walburg, Susanne Wallner, Melanie Wegel, Per-Olof H. Wikström, Michael Windzio.
Handbuch für Wissenschaft und Praxis
Author: Dieter Hermann,Andreas Pöge
Publisher: Nomos Verlag
Category: Social Science
Written for students of criminal justice, Comparative Criminal Justice Systems: Global and Local Perspectives examines the nature of crime and justice in varying countries and cultures in North America, Europe, Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Using a topical approach, it compares different systems of crime and justice in terms of their differences from, and similarities to, the laws and institutions of modern criminal justice, focusing on the United States as a standard of comparison. By examining different criminal justice systems in terms of their local peculiarities and understanding their change and continuity, readers will gain a well-rounded international perspective of the world's varying systems of criminal justice. Key Features: -Explores the rise of modern criminology and the criminal justice system in the nineteenth century. It is critical for students to understand the history of modern systems to fully comprehend the varying nature of today's main legal systems, focusing on the United States as a standard of comparison. -Employs a topical approach to examine the criminal justice systems in varying countries in Europe, Asia, Africa, and Latin America, including comparative views on law enforcement, judicial systems, corrections, due process of law, and search and seizures. -Includes discussions on comparative processes of criminalization and decriminalization on such issues as domestic violence, child abuse, homosexuality, and sexual harassment. -Discusses new global crimes and their impact on modern and traditional criminal justice systems, including human smuggling, global sex trade, global illegal drug trade, illegal trafficking of conventional military weapons, money laundering, cybercrime, and global terrorism. -Discussion questions ensure that student's grasp the core theoretical concepts.
Author: Shahid M. Shahidullah
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Author: C. W. Jasperse
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Covering criminal justice history on a cross-national basis, this book surveys criminal justice in Western civilization and American life chronologically from ancient times to the present. It is an introduction to the historical problems of crime, law enforcement and penology, set against the background of major historical events and movements. Integrating criminal justice history into the scope of European, British, French and American history, this text provides the opportunity for comparisons of crime and punishment over boundaries of national histories. The text concludes with a chapter that addresses terrorism and homeland security. * Spans all of western history, and examines the core beliefs about human nature and society that informed the development of criminal justice systems. The fifth edition gives increased coverage of American law enforcement, corrections, and legal systems * Each chapter is enhanced with supplemental "Timeline," "Time Capsule," and "Featured Outlaw" boxes as well as discussion questions, notes and problems * Contains discussion questions, notes, learning objectives, key terms lists, biographical vignettes of key historical figures, and "History Today" exercises to engage the reader and encourage critical thinking
Author: Mark Jones,Peter Johnstone
Sentencing Policy and Social Justice argues that the promotion of social justice should become a key objective of sentencing policy, advancing the argument that the legitimacy of sentencing ultimately depends upon the strength of the relationship between social morality and penal ideology. It sheds light on how shared moral values can influence sentencing policy at a time when relationships of community appear increasingly fragmented, arguing that sentencing will be better placed to make a positive contribution to social justice if it becomes more sensitive to the commonly-accepted moral boundaries that underpin adherence to the 'rule of law'. The need to reflect public opinion in sentencing has received significant attention more recently, with renewed interest in jury sentencing, 'stakeholder sentencing', and the involvement of community views when regulating policy. The author, however, advocates a different approach, combining a new theoretical focus with practical suggestions for reform, and arguing that the contribution sentencing can make to social justice necessitates a fundamental change in the way shared values about the advantages of punishment are reflected in penal ideology and sentencing policy. Using examples from international, comparative and domestic contexts to advance the moral and ethical case for challenging the existing theories of sentencing, the book develops the author's previous theoretical ideas and outlines how these changes could be given practical shape within the context of sentencing in England and Wales. It assesses the consequences for penal governance due to increased state regulation of discretionary sentencing power and examines the prospects for achieving the kind of moral transformation regarded as necessary to reverse such a move. To illustrate these issues each chapter focuses on a particularly problematic area for contemporary sentencing policy; namely, the sentencing of women; the sentencing of irregular migrants; sentencing for offences of serious public disorder; and sentencing for financial crime.
Author: Ralph Henham
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Author: Council of Europe
Release from prison is matter of increasing interest throughout Europe. On the one hand, arguments about the need to reduce prison numbers, as well the consistent findings that prisoners can be integrated into society more effectively if they are subject to a period of supervision in the community, have made early release policies attractive to governments and to academic commentators. On the other hand, there are concerns that early release may not be applied fairly to all prisoners. This book aims to meet the need for comparative information on release from prison across Europe and explores some of the key themes and issues. The body of the book focuses on country perspectives, providing an invaluable survey of the situation in a number of European countries. The introductory and concluding chapters place the comparative material in a broader perspective. They explain how release policy is related to wider questions about justice and fairness in prison-related decision-making and the changing place of imprisonment in European society.
European Policy and Practice
Author: Nicola Padfield,Dirk Van Zyl Smit,Frieder Dünkel
Category: Social Science
This volume provides an important and exciting contribution to the knowledge on punishment across Europe. Over the past decade, punitiveness has been studied through analyses of ‘increased’ or ‘new’ forms of punishment in western countries. Comparative studies on the other hand have illustrated important differences in levels of punitiveness between these countries and have tried to explain these differences by looking at risk and protective factors. Covering both quantitative and qualitative dimensions, this book focuses on mechanisms interacting with levels of punitiveness that seem to allow room for less punitive (political) choices, especially within a European context: social policies, human rights and a balanced approach to victim rights and public opinion in constitutional democracies. The book is split into three sections: Punishment and Welfare. Chapters look into possible lessons to be learned from characteristics and developments in Scandinavian and some Continental European countries. Punishment and Human Rights. Contributions analyze how human rights in Europe can and do act as a shield against – but sometimes also as a possible motor for – criminalization and penalization. Punishment and Democracy. The increased political attention to victims’ rights and interests and to public opinion surveys in European democracies is discussed as a possible risk for enhanced levels of punitiveness in penal policies and evaluated against the background of research evidence about the wishes and expectations of victims of crime and the ambivalence and ‘polycentric consistency’ of public opinion formations about crime and punishments. This book will be a valuable addition to the literature in this field and will be of interest to students, scholars and policy officials across Europe and elsewhere.
Welfare, Human Rights and Democracy
Author: Sonja Snacken,Els Dumortier
Category: Social Science
Crime Control and Policing in the 1990s
Author: John Lowman,Brian MacLean
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
Category: Social Science
Professor Peter Nwankwo argues based on this textbook volume I, that the world has been turned into a global village, and that we have no reason(s) to ignore the awareness of what is going on in other countries of the world. This textbook "Criminology and criminal Justice System of the world: A comparative perspective" is a unique text, not because of its title, but because it contains what will ever be needed for the undergraduate and graduate students in the field of Criminology and Criminal Justice, especially those taking a course in Comparative Criminal Justice. The text is prodigious and profusely descriptive, explored, and explained by researching the police, the court systems, corrections or prisons, including Juvenile Justice Systems and Crime Statistics in the following countries: United States of America, china, Saudi Arabia, Japan, The Netherlands, Bulgaria, Haiti, Botswana, Philippines, Uganda, and Israel. It is worthy to note that the United States of America had too much information, so it was necessary to split it into two chapters i.e. chapter one, and chapter two. Additionally, The Netherlands was also split into two chapters thus: Chapters 6 & 7: The overall Chapters in this Volume I are thirteen. VOLUME II Volume two of this text contains twenty four chapters and over 24 countries were researched and included as follows, and will be published in a few in a few months .The countries are: Nigeria, Norway, Northern Ireland, England and Wales, Estonia, Ethiopia, Egypt, South America, Mauritania, Jamaica, Iraq, Dominican Republic, Turkey, South Africa, Russia, Kenya, Romania, Congo, Germany, France, Cameroon, Ghana and Denmark. No matter the adversities of the readers and purchasers, I do strongly advice that you order these two volumes together, when the later would be available on the internet or through the publishers.
A Comparative Perspective
Author: Peter O. Nwankwo
Publisher: Trafford Publishing
This new book brings together some of the leading criminologists across Europe, to showcase the best of European criminology. This Handbook aims to reflect the range and depth of current work in Europe, and to counterbalance the impact of the – sometimes insular and ethnocentric – Anglo-American criminological tradition. The end-product is a collection of twenty-eight chapters illustrating a truly comparative and interdisciplinary European criminology. The editors have assembled a cast of leading voices to reflect on differences and commonalities, elaborate on theoretically grounded comparisons and reflect on emerging themes in criminology in Europe. After the editors’ introduction, the book is organised in three parts: five chapters offering historical, theoretical and policy oriented overviews of European issues in crime and crime control; seven chapters looking at different dimensions of crime in Europe, includingcrime trends, state crime, gender and crime and urban safety; fifteen chapters examining the variety of institutional responses, exploring issues such as policing, juvenile justice, punishment, green crime and the role of the victim. This book gives some indication of the richness and scope of the emerging comparative European criminology and will be required reading for anyone who wants to understand trends in crime and its control across Europe. It will also be a valuable teaching resource, especially at postgraduate level, as well as an important reference point for researchers and scholars of criminology across Europe.
Author: Sophie Body-Gendrot,Mike Hough,Klara Kerezsi,René Lévy,Sonja Snacken
Category: Social Science
The Routledge Handbook on Crime and International Migration is concerned with the various relationships between migration, crime and victimization that have informed a wide criminological scholarship often driven by some of the original lines of inquiry of the Chicago School. Historically, migration and crime came to be the device by which Criminology and cognate fields sought to tackle issues of race and ethnicity, often in highly problematic ways. However, in the contemporary period this body of scholarship is inspiring scholars to produce significant evidence that speaks to some of the biggest public policy questions and debunks many dominant mythologies around the criminality of migrants. The Routledge Handbook on Crime and International Migration is also concerned with the theoretical, empirical and policy knots found in the relationship between regular and irregular migration, offending and victimization, the processes and impact of criminalization, and the changing role of criminal justice systems in the regulation and enforcement of international mobility and borders. The Handbook is focused on the migratory ‘fault lines’ between the Global North and Global South, which have produced new or accelerated sites of state control, constructed irregular migration as a crime and security problem, and mobilized ideological and coercive powers usually reserved for criminal or military threats. Offering a strong international focus and comprehensive coverage of a wide range of border, criminal justice and migration-related issues, this book is an important contribution to criminology and migration studies and will be essential reading for academics, students and practitioners interested in this field.
Author: Sharon Pickering,Julie Ham
Category: Social Science