Euclid—The Creation of Mathematics

Author: Benno Artmann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461214122

Category: Mathematics

Page: 349

View: 5732

Euclid presents the essential of mathematics in a manner which has set a high standard for more than 2000 years. This book, an explanation of the nature of mathematics from its most important early source, is for all lovers of mathematics with a solid background in high school geometry, whether they be students or university professors.
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Der Vierfarbensatz

Geschichte, topologische Grundlagen, und Beweisidee

Author: Rudolf Fritsch

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783411151417

Category: Four-color problem

Page: 251

View: 3942

Posted in Four-color problem

Euclid

The Creation of Mathematics

Author: Benno Artmann

Publisher: ICON Group International

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 343

View: 5429

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Alex im Wunderland der Zahlen

Eine Reise durch die aufregende Welt der Mathematik

Author: Alex Bellos

Publisher: eBook Berlin Verlag

ISBN: 3827078083

Category: Mathematics

Page: 480

View: 6084

Erinnern wir uns nicht alle mit Schrecken an die ratlosen Momente vor der Tafel im Matheunterricht? Mit Kurvendiskussionen und Dreisatz dürften jedenfalls nur wenige Spaß und Spannung verbinden... Bis jetzt! Denn nun wagt sich Alex Bellos in den Kaninchenbau der Mathematik: in das Reich von Geometrie und Algebra, von Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung, Statistik und logischen Paradoxa. Auf der anderen Seite des Erdballs, am Amazonas, zählen die Mitglieder des Indianerstammes der Munduruku nur bis fünf und halten die Vorstellung, dass dies nicht genügen solle, für reichlich lächerlich. Bei uns in Deutschland dagegen finden jährlich die Meisterschaften der besten Kopfrechner der Welt statt - 2010 wurde in Magdeburg eine elfjährige Inderin zur Nummer eins unter den "Mathleten" gekürt. Die Mathe-Weltmeisterin unter den Tieren ist hingegen die Schimpansin Ai, die Alex Bellos im japanischen Inuyama aufspürt und über deren Rechenkünste er nur staunen kann. Auch wenn er von den bahnbrechenden Überlegungen Euklids erzählt oder erklärt, warum man in Japan seine Visitenkarten keinesfalls zu Dodekaedern falten sollte - Bellos führt uns durch das wahrhaft erstaunliche Reich der Zahlen und bringt uns eine komplexe Wissenschaft spielerisch nahe. Mit seiner Mischung aus spannender Reportage, Wissenschaftsgeschichte und mathematischen Kabinettstückchen erbringt er souverän den Beweis, dass die Gleichung Mathematik = Langeweile eindeutig nicht wahr ist. Quod erat demonstrandum.
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Here's Looking at Euclid

A Surprising Excursion Through the Astonishing World of Math

Author: Alex Bellos

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1416596348

Category: Mathematics

Page: 336

View: 4286

Too often math gets a bad rap, characterized as dry and difficult. But, Alex Bellos says, "math can be inspiring and brilliantly creative. Mathematical thought is one of the great achievements of the human race, and arguably the foundation of all human progress. The world of mathematics is a remarkable place." Bellos has traveled all around the globe and has plunged into history to uncover fascinating stories of mathematical achievement, from the breakthroughs of Euclid, the greatest mathematician of all time, to the creations of the Zen master of origami, one of the hottest areas of mathematical work today. Taking us into the wilds of the Amazon, he tells the story of a tribe there who can count only to five and reports on the latest findings about the math instinct—including the revelation that ants can actually count how many steps they’ve taken. Journeying to the Bay of Bengal, he interviews a Hindu sage about the brilliant mathematical insights of the Buddha, while in Japan he visits the godfather of Sudoku and introduces the brainteasing delights of mathematical games. Exploring the mysteries of randomness, he explains why it is impossible for our iPods to truly randomly select songs. In probing the many intrigues of that most beloved of numbers, pi, he visits with two brothers so obsessed with the elusive number that they built a supercomputer in their Manhattan apartment to study it. Throughout, the journey is enhanced with a wealth of intriguing illustrations, such as of the clever puzzles known as tangrams and the crochet creation of an American math professor who suddenly realized one day that she could knit a representation of higher dimensional space that no one had been able to visualize. Whether writing about how algebra solved Swedish traffic problems, visiting the Mental Calculation World Cup to disclose the secrets of lightning calculation, or exploring the links between pineapples and beautiful teeth, Bellos is a wonderfully engaging guide who never fails to delight even as he edifies. Here’s Looking at Euclid is a rare gem that brings the beauty of math to life.
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Mathematische Edelsteine

der elementaren Kombinatorik, Zahlentheorie und Geometrie

Author: Ross Honsberger

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322859304

Category: Mathematics

Page: 179

View: 3208

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Turning Points in the History of Mathematics

Author: Hardy Grant,Israel Kleiner

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 1493932640

Category: Mathematics

Page: 109

View: 1512

This book explores some of the major turning points in the history of mathematics, ranging from ancient Greece to the present, demonstrating the drama that has often been a part of its evolution. Studying these breakthroughs, transitions, and revolutions, their stumbling-blocks and their triumphs, can help illuminate the importance of the history of mathematics for its teaching, learning, and appreciation. Some of the turning points considered are the rise of the axiomatic method (most famously in Euclid), and the subsequent major changes in it (for example, by David Hilbert); the “wedding,” via analytic geometry, of algebra and geometry; the “taming” of the infinitely small and the infinitely large; the passages from algebra to algebras, from geometry to geometries, and from arithmetic to arithmetics; and the revolutions in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries that resulted from Georg Cantor’s creation of transfinite set theory. The origin of each turning point is discussed, along with the mathematicians involved and some of the mathematics that resulted. Problems and projects are included in each chapter to extend and increase understanding of the material. Substantial reference lists are also provided. Turning Points in the History of Mathematics will be a valuable resource for teachers of, and students in, courses in mathematics or its history. The book should also be of interest to anyone with a background in mathematics who wishes to learn more about the important moments in its development.
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Euclid

The Great Geometer

Author: Chris Hayhurst

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc

ISBN: 9781404204973

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 112

View: 1050

Biography of Greek mathematician Euclid describing the lasting influence he has had on the field of geometry.
Posted in Juvenile Nonfiction

Untersuchungen über höhere Arithmetik

Author: Carl Friedrich Gauss

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821842137

Category: Mathematics

Page: 695

View: 4951

In this volume are included all of Gauss's number-theoretic works: his masterpiece, Disquisitiones Arithmeticae, published when Gauss was only 25 years old; several papers published during the ensuing 31 years; and papers taken from material found in Gauss's handwriting after his death. These papers include a fourth, fifth, and sixth proof of the Quadratic Reciprocity Law, researches on biquadratic residues, quadratic forms, and other topics. This reprint of the German translation from Latin of the second edition published in 1889 includes an extensive appendix and concludes with a commentary on the papers (with references, where appropriate, to the relevant pages of the Disquisitiones).
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Apollonius of Perga's Conica

Text, Context, Subtext

Author: Michael N. Fried

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004119772

Category: History

Page: 499

View: 4958

This volume contains a historically sensitive analysis and interpretation of Apollonius of Perga's Conica, one of the greatest works of Hellenistic mathematics. It provides a long overdue alternative to H. G. Zeuthen's "Die Lehre von den Kogelschnitten im Altertum."
Posted in History

In the Search for Beauty

Author: Voldemar Smilga

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789813274358

Category: Mathematics

Page: 248

View: 8628

This is a popular book that chronicles the historical attempts to prove the fifth postulate of Euclid on parallel lines that led eventually to the creation of non-Euclidean geometry. To absorb the mathematical content of the book, the reader should be familiar with the foundations of Euclidean geometry at the high school level. But besides the mathematics, the book is also devoted to stories about the people, brilliant mathematicians starting from Pythagoras and Euclid and terminating with Gauss, Lobachevsky and Klein. For two thousand years, mathematicians tried to prove the fifth postulate (whose formulation seemed to them too complicated to be a real postulate and not a theorem, hence the title In the Search for Beauty). But in the 19th century, they realized that such proof was impossible, and this led to a revolution in mathematics and then in physics. The two final chapters are devoted to Einstein and his general relativity which revealed to us that the geometry of the world we live in is not Euclidean.Also included is an historical essay on Omar Khayyam, who was not only a poet, but also a brilliant astronomer and mathematician.
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Mathematik im mittelalterlichen Islam

Author: J. L. Berggren

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783540766889

Category: Mathematics

Page: 200

View: 9200

Die Mathematik im mittelalterlichen Islam hatte großen Einfluss auf die allgemeine Entwicklung des Faches. Der Autor beschreibt diese Periode der Geschichte der Mathematik und bezieht sich dabei auf die arabischsprachigen Quellen. Zu den behandelten Themen gehören Dezimalrechnen, Geometrie, ebene und sphärische Trigonometrie, Algebra sowie die Approximation von Wurzeln von Gleichungen. Das Buch wendet sich an Mathematikhistoriker und -studenten, aber auch an alle Interessierten mit Mathematikkenntnissen der weiterführenden Schule.
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Das BUCH der Beweise

Author: Martin Aigner,Günter M. Ziegler

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662064545

Category: Mathematics

Page: 247

View: 9913

Die elegantesten mathematischen Beweise, spannend und für jeden Interessierten verständlich. "Der Beweis selbst, seine Ästhetik, seine Pointe geht ins Geschichtsbuch der Königin der Wissenschaften ein. Ihre Anmut offenbart sich in dem gelungenen und geschickt illustrierten Buch." Die Zeit
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The Story of Mathematics

Author: Anne Rooney

Publisher: Arcturus Publishing

ISBN: 1848580355

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 6791

In order to understand the universe you must know the language in which it is written. And that language is mathematics.' Galileo (1564-1642) For hundreds of thousands of years, we have sought order in the apparent chaos of the universe. Mathematics has been our most valuable tool in that search, uncovering the patterns and rules that govern...
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Didaktik der Geometrie für die Sekundarstufe I

Author: Hans-Georg Weigand,Andreas Filler,Reinhard Hölzl,Sebastian Kuntze,Matthias Ludwig,Jürgen Roth,Barbara Schmidt-Thieme,Gerald Wittmann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642379680

Category: Mathematics

Page: 298

View: 4650

Dieses Buch führt Studierende, Referendare und Lehrkräfte aller Schularten in die didaktischen und methodischen Grundlagen des Geometrieunterrichts der Sekundarstufe I ein und zeigt anhand zahlreicher unterrichtspraktischer Beispiele Möglichkeiten einer problemorientierten Unterrichtsgestaltung auf. Aufbauend auf den Bildungsstandards werden zum einen die wichtigen Aspekte Beweisen und Argumentieren, Konstruieren, Problemlösen sowie Begriffslernen und Begriffslehren behandelt. Zum anderen wird auf die zentralen Themenbereiche des Geometrieunterrichts eingegangen: Figuren und Körper, Flächeninhalt und Volumen, Symmetrie und Kongruenz, Ähnlichkeit und Trigonometrie. Der Einsatz des Computers ist in alle Kapitel integriert, ein Überblick über die Entwicklung zentraler Ideen in der Geometrie und im Geometrieunterricht rundet das Buch ab.
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The Mathematics of Harmony

From Euclid to Contemporary Mathematics and Computer Science

Author: Alexey Stakhov

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812775838

Category: Computer science

Page: 694

View: 9923

Assisted by Scott Olsen ( Central Florida Community College, USA ). This volume is a result of the author's four decades of research in the field of Fibonacci numbers and the Golden Section and their applications. It provides a broad introduction to the fascinating and beautiful subject of the OC Mathematics of Harmony, OCO a new interdisciplinary direction of modern science. This direction has its origins in OC The ElementsOCO of Euclid and has many unexpected applications in contemporary mathematics (a new approach to a history of mathematics, the generalized Fibonacci numbers and the generalized golden proportions, the OC goldenOCO algebraic equations, the generalized Binet formulas, Fibonacci and OC goldenOCO matrices), theoretical physics (new hyperbolic models of Nature) and computer science (algorithmic measurement theory, number systems with irrational radices, Fibonacci computers, ternary mirror-symmetrical arithmetic, a new theory of coding and cryptography based on the Fibonacci and OC goldenOCO matrices). The book is intended for a wide audience including mathematics teachers of high schools, students of colleges and universities and scientists in the field of mathematics, theoretical physics and computer science. The book may be used as an advanced textbook by graduate students and even ambitious undergraduates in mathematics and computer science. Sample Chapter(s). Introduction (503k). Chapter 1: The Golden Section (2,459k). Contents: Classical Golden Mean, Fibonacci Numbers, and Platonic Solids: The Golden Section; Fibonacci and Lucas Numbers; Regular Polyhedrons; Mathematics of Harmony: Generalizations of Fibonacci Numbers and the Golden Mean; Hyperbolic Fibonacci and Lucas Functions; Fibonacci and Golden Matrices; Application in Computer Science: Algorithmic Measurement Theory; Fibonacci Computers; Codes of the Golden Proportion; Ternary Mirror-Symmetrical Arithmetic; A New Coding Theory Based on a Matrix Approach. Readership: Researchers, teachers and students in mathematics (especially those interested in the Golden Section and Fibonacci numbers), theoretical physics and computer science."
Posted in Computer science

The World of Mathematics

Author: James Roy Newman

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486411521

Category: Mathematics

Page: 464

View: 4883

Presents 33 essays on such topics as statistics and the design of experiments, group theory, the mathematics of infinity, the mathematical way of thinking, the unreasonableness of mathematics, and mathematics as an art. A reprint of volume 3 of the four-volume edition originally published by Simon and Schuster in 1956. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com).
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5000 Jahre Geometrie

Geschichte, Kulturen, Menschen

Author: Christoph J. Scriba,Peter Schreiber

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540271864

Category: Mathematics

Page: 630

View: 505

Lange bevor die Schrift entwickelt wurde, hat der Mensch geometrische Strukturen wahrgenommen und systematisch verwendet: ob beim Weben oder Flechten einfacher zweidimensionaler Muster oder beim Bauen mit dreidimensionalen Körpern. Das Buch liefert einen faszinierenden Überblick über die geometrischen Vorstellungen und Erkenntnisse der Menschheit von der Urgesellschaft bis hin zu den mathematischen und künstlerischen Ideen des 20. Jahrhunderts.
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