Ethics and Values in Applied Social Research

Author: Allan Kimmel

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803926325

Category: Social Science

Page: 160

View: 491

With the primary objective of raising ethical sensibility, this volume details the ethical problems and dilemmas faced by applied social science researchers. Issues such as the use of deception, the participant's right to privacy and informed consent, and the potential harm of public disclosure are confronted. The author discusses the need to review ethical problems and their implications in the context of current ethical standards in both society and the scientific community. Case studies illustrate unanticipated ethical dilemmas which might emerge during a research project. Issues are presented and interpreted clearly so that their complexity can be penetrated and potential solutions envisioned. The volume also includes specific methodolo
Posted in Social Science

Ethical Issues in Behavioral Research

Basic and Applied Perspectives

Author: Allan J. Kimmel

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405182105

Category: Psychology

Page: 432

View: 8732

With concerns rising over the ethical dimensions of behavioral research and the developments in ethical codification and the research review process, Ethical Issues in Behavioral Research looks at the research community’s response to the ethical challenges that arise in the application of research approaches. Focuses on ethical and legal aspects of participant research on the internet Presents a practical framework for ethical decision making Discusses the revised ethical principles and code of conduct of the American Psychological Association A new chapter detailing ethical issues in marketing and opinion research, including a contrast of market and academic research and a summary of the author’s research comparing ethical trends in psychology and marketing fields Offers in-depth coverage of recent ethical developments outside of the United States including an update of the survey of the international codes of ethics and recommendations for avoiding ethical pitfalls encountered in cross-national research Includes a list of useful internet links devoted to ethical issues in research Includes a Foreword by Herbert C. Kelman
Posted in Psychology

Case Studies for Ethics in Academic Research in the Social Sciences

Author: Leisa Reinecke Flynn,Ronald E. Goldsmith

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412996384

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 82

View: 4475

This book provides a basis for class discussion about the responsible conduct of social science research. These 16 brief research ethics cases describe situations in which ethical dilemmas arise and present the student with the opportunity to think through the different implications for researchers. The cases emphasize different types of ethical dilemmas involving faculty, students, participants, and stakeholders. Students can discuss what happened, why it was or was not unethical, and what should be the consequences for the actors. Included are the original cases complete with learning objectives, teaching notes, and questions for discussion.
Posted in Business & Economics

The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics

Author: Ezekiel J. Emanuel

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 0199768633

Category: Medical

Page: 848

View: 8959

The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics is the first comprehensive and systematic reference on clinical research ethics. Under the editorship of experts from the U.S. National Institutes of Health of the United States, the book's 73 chapters offer a wide-ranging and systematic examination of all aspects of research with human beings. Considering the historical triumphs of research as well as its tragedies, the textbook provides a framework for analyzing the ethical aspects of research studies with human beings. Through both conceptual analysis and systematic reviews of empirical data, the contributors examine issues ranging from scientific validity, fair subject selection, risk benefit ratio, independent review, and informed consent to focused consideration of international research ethics, conflicts of interests, and other aspects of responsible conduct of research. The editors of The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics offer a work that critically assesses and advances scholarship in the field of human subjects research. Comprehensive in scope and depth, this book will be a crucial resource for researchers in the medical sciences, as well as teachers and students.
Posted in Medical

The Oxford Handbook of International Psychological Ethics

Author: Mark M. Leach,Michael J. Stevens,Geoff Lindsay,Andrea Ferrero,Yesim Korkut

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199978689

Category: Psychology

Page: 528

View: 2443

The need for quality standards and rules of conduct concerning all aspects of the activities of psychology has long been acknowledged. In particular, over the last few years there has been a growing awareness of the need for and the advantage of internationally recognized ethical standards, particularly concerning research and practice and the well-being of individuals and societies. With this need in mind, this volume provides the most comprehensive assembly of facts and visions across the entire field of psychological ethics that one could imagine. The Oxford Handbook of International Psychological Ethics is the state-of-the-art source for information on psychological ethics worldwide, and offers an inclusive international review of contemporary and emerging ethical issues within the profession and science of psychology. There is no comparable book on the market, notwithstanding the importance and timeliness of the topics to be covered. These include: - a concise history of ethical standards of psychology - cutting-edge developments and challenges in international psychological ethics, such as the search for universal ethical standards, ethical issues when working cross-nationally with immigrants and refugees, and ethical responses to security risks - ethical developments and issues within specific geographical regions - research utilizing the new media With its broad scope and perspective informed by a synthesis of international scholarship and practice, this handbook will inform readers from around the world of existing and emerging issues and trends that confront psychological ethics.
Posted in Psychology

Research Training for Social Scientists

A Handbook for Postgraduate Researchers

Author: Dawn Burton

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0857022180

Category: Social Science

Page: 528

View: 3930

With indispensable advice for students from all social science backgrounds, this handbook provides the core conceptual and practical skills to embark on succesful research. The organization of the book reflects the knowledge that is required in order to become a competent and effective researcher. It follows the life-cycle of the research project: it begins with a discussion of ethical and philosphical issues; presents guides to both quantitative and qualitative data collection and analysis; provides help on using computers in research; and includes advice on how to write up and present a research project. Based on the UK Economic and Social Research Council advice on the training which students should undertake in preparation for postgraduate research, this book will be invaluable for all beginning researchers.
Posted in Social Science

The Ethics of Social Research

Surveys and Experiments

Author: Joan E. Sieber

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461257190

Category: Psychology

Page: 249

View: 4117

Social scientists are unprepared for many of the ethical problems that arise in their research, and for criticisms of their ethics that seem to ignore such cherished scientific values as objectivity and freedom of inquiry. Yet, they possess method ological talent and insight into human nature that can be used to understand and resolve these problems. The contributors to this book demonstrate that criticism of the ethics of social research can stimulate constructive development of meth odology. Both volumes of The Ethics of Social Research were written for and by social scientists to show how ethical dilemmas arise in the day-to-day conduct of social research and how they can be resolved. The topics discussed in this book include ethical problems that arise in experiments and sample surveys; the companion volume deals with the ethical issues involved in fieldwork and in the regulation and publication of research. With candor and humor, many of the contributors describe lessons they have learned about themselves, their methods, and their research participants. Collectively, they illustrate that both humanists and detenninists are likely to encounter ethical dilemmas in their research, albeit different ones, and that a blending of detenninistic and humanistic approaches may be needed to solve these dilemmas. The aim of this book is to assist irwestigators in preparing to meet some of the ethical problems that await the unwary. It offers perspectives, values, and guidelines for anticipating problems and devising solutions.
Posted in Psychology

Key Methods in Geography

Author: Nicholas Clifford,Gill Valentine

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761974925

Category: Science

Page: 572

View: 6497

Key Methods in Geography is an introduction for undergraduates to the principal methodological issues involved in the collection, analysis and presentation of geographical information. It provides an accessible primer, which will be used by students as a reference throughout their degree, on all issues from research design to presentation. A unique feature of the book is that it provides definitions of terms from both human geography and physical geography. Organized into four parts: Getting Started in Geographical Research; Data Collection in Human Geography; Data Collection in Physical Geography; Analyzing and Representing Geographical Data. Each chapter is comprised of a short definition, a summary of the principal arguments, a substantive 5,000-word discussion, the use of real-life examples, and annotated notes for further reading. The teaching of research methods is integral in all geography courses. Key Methods in Geography identifies the key analytical and observational strategies with which all geography undergraduates should be conversant.
Posted in Science

Practices of Ethics

An Empirical Approach to Ethics in Social Sciences Research

Author: Isabella Paoletti,Maria Isabel Tomás,Fernanda Menéndez

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443850853

Category: Philosophy

Page: 215

View: 647

This book is intended for social sciences researchers, in a variety of disciplines, including sociology, sociolinguistics, psychology, gerontology, and ethnography, who, during all stages of their research, be it quantitative or qualitative, are confronted with ethical dilemmas. As such, the chapters in this book provide the reader with examples of ethical reflection within the research process. The selection does not cover all the possible ethical issues they may face, but all of the chapters deal with the complex and unexpected, but fundamental, ethical questions that arise before, during and after fieldwork, and which do not always find clear guidance from the professional ethical codes they submit to. The studies in this book contribute to the present debate on ethical issues in social sciences research, in addition to problematizing a normative approach to ethics in social sciences research, and highlighting the importance of considering the social character of research activities when applying ethical guidelines or Research Ethic Committees’ prescriptive procedures. These essays document researchers’ practical moral reasoning in carrying out their research activities and in complying with the relevant legislation in relation to protecting research participants. Practices of ethics are identified and made describable; they are made the object of empirical documentation. This book shows that a new empirical approach to ethics as a discipline is emerging, having practices of ethics as its specific object of study.
Posted in Philosophy

Ethical issues in social science research

Author: Tom L. Beauchamp

Publisher: Johns Hopkins Univ Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 436

View: 7005

Posted in Business & Economics

Understanding Business Dynamics

An Integrated Data System for America's Future

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Panel on Measuring Business Formation, Dynamics, and Performance

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309104920

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 3883

The U.S. economy is highly dynamic: businesses open and close, workers switch jobs and start new enterprises, and innovative technologies redefine the workplace and enhance productivity. With globalization markets have also become more interconnected. Measuring business activity in this rapidly evolving environment increasingly requires tracking complex interactions among firms, establishments, employers, and employees. Understanding Business Dynamics presents strategies for improving the accuracy, timeliness, coverage, and integration of data that are used in constructing aggregate economic statistics, as well as in microlevel analyses of topics ranging from job creation and destruction and firm entry and exit to innovation and productivity. This book offers recommendations that could be enacted by federal statistical agencies to modernize the measurement of business dynamics, particularly the production of information on small and young firms that can have a disproportionately large impact in rapidly expanding economic sectors. It also outlines the need for effective coordination of existing survey and administrative data sources, which is essential to improving the depth and coverage of business data.
Posted in Social Science

Understanding Nursing Research

Building an Evidence-Based Practice

Author: Susan K. Grove,Jennifer R. Gray,Nancy Burns

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323293328

Category: Medical

Page: 544

View: 3831

As the bestselling nursing research text, Understanding Nursing Research: Building an Evidence-Based Practice, 6th Edition offers unique insights into understanding, appraising, and applying published research to evidence-based practice. It is known for its authoritative content, time-tested systematic approach, and unique research example format newly redesigned for the sixth edition to better demonstrate how the steps of the research process relate to evidence-based nursing. "This would be excellent for student nurses, nurses new to research or any nurse with an interest in research." Reviewed by: Helen Reeves, St Giles Walsall Hospice on behalf of Nursing Times, December 2015 Authoritative content is written by two of the true pioneers in nursing research, who offer unique, first-hand insights into the field. Research examples provide practice in working with published studies, with many of the examples including Critical Appraisal and Implications for Practice sections. Clear, step-by-step organization introduces the research process and demonstrates how this systematic framework relates to evidence-based practice. Strong emphasis on evidence-based practice helps you develop skills in studying and appraising published research, so you are prepared for your role in working with research evidence. Critical Appraisal Guidelines boxes provide step-by-step guidance in appraising published research studies. Emphasis on critical appraisal versus critique reflects contemporary usage in nursing research and evidence-based practice. Balanced coverage of qualitative research prepares you to approach research questions and clinical questions with an unbiased view of the researcher's methodology. Presentation of two different appraisal processes covers both the traditional in-depth critical appraisal process that prepares you for graduate-level work in research, and the concise, practice-focused research appraisal process that equips you for quick and accurate evaluation of the applicability of research findings to clinical practice. NEW! Redesigned research example format includes research examples have been thoroughly redesigned with a clear hierarchy of subcategories. NEW! Improved focus on need-to-know content and greater use of bulleting, creative illustrations, and tables, employs a more consistent, streamlined approach from chapter to chapter. NEW! Updated research examples ensure you are learning through the most clinically relevant topics and studies. NEW! Detailed directions on how to critically appraise research syntheses — such as systematic reviews, meta-analyses, meta-syntheses, and mixed-methods systematic reviews — increase your understanding of the types of research syntheses conducted in nursing and how to determine the quality of these syntheses and the relevance of their findings for practice. NEW! A unique emphasis on QSEN, aided by the input of a QSEN consultant, increases the book’s relevance to national curriculum standards and promotes the safe practice of nursing by using the most current research. NEW! Chapter on the Enhanced Literature Review provides guidelines for structure of reviews written for different purposes. NEW! More practically focused chapter on Outcomes Research better addresses the trending topic of outcomes research. NEW! Expanded coverage of mixed-methods research and translational research responds to the growing emphasis on these research emphases. NEW! Expanded coverage of cultural competency and cultural validity
Posted in Medical

The Handbook of Social Research Ethics

Author: Donna M. Mertens,Pauline E. Ginsberg

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412949181

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 667

View: 6565

Brings together international scholars across the social and behavioural sciences and education to address those ethical issues that arise in the theory and practice of research within the technologically advancing and culturally complex world in which we live.
Posted in Business & Economics

Understanding Nursing Research

Building an Evidence-Based Practice

Author: Nancy Burns,Susan K. Grove

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1437726550

Category: Medical

Page: 592

View: 4904

Learn how to evaluate and apply research with the #1 nursing research book! Understanding Nursing Research: Building an Evidence-Based Practice is known for its authoritative content, a time-tested step-by-step approach, and abundant use of research examples. With improved clarity and readability, the new edition strengthens its focus on evidence-based practice to better demonstrate how the steps of the research process relate to evidence-based nursing. Written by two of the leaders in the field of nursing research, Nancy Burns and Susan K. Grove, this full-color text offers unique insights into understanding, appraising, and applying published research to evidence-based practice. Authoritative content is written by two of the true pioneers in nursing research, who offer unique, first-hand insights into the field. Research examples provide practice in working with published studies, with many of the examples including Critical Appraisal and Implications for Practice sections. A clear, step-by-step organization introduces the research process and demonstrates how this systematic framework relates to evidence-based practice. An expanded emphasis on evidence-based practice helps you develop skills in studying and appraising published research, so you are prepared for your role in working with research evidence. Enhanced coverage of qualitative research allows prepares you to approach research questions and clinical questions with an unbiased view of the researcher's methodology. Two different appraisal processes are included: A traditional in-depth critical appraisal process prepares you for graduate-level work in research. A concise, practice-focused research appraisal process equips you for quick and accurate evaluation of the applicability of research findings to clinical practice. Updated research examples prepare you for evidence-based practice by using the physiologic conditions and hospitalized patients seen in clinicals.
Posted in Medical

Ethical Issues and Social Dilemmas in Knowledge Management: Organizational Innovation

Organizational Innovation

Author: Morais da Costa, Goncalo Jorge

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1615208747

Category: Computers

Page: 358

View: 3444

"This book considers ethical issues and social dilemmas at two levels: the individual vs. individual and the individual vs. the collective, providing a thorough treatment of these facets and demonstrating the philosophical underpinnings of each dimension of knowledge management"--Provided by publisher.
Posted in Computers

Ethical Issues in Scientific Research

An Anthology

Author: Edward Erwin,Sidney Gendin,Lowell Kleiman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134817746

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

View: 9045

First published in 1994. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Posted in Social Science

Research Ethics in Criminology

Dilemmas, Issues and Solutions

Author: Malcolm Cowburn,Loraine Gelsthorpe,Azrini Wahidin

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317621468

Category: Social Science

Page: 242

View: 3586

Ethical principles and concerns are at the heart of criminological research and can arise at the planning, implementation and reporting stages. It is vital that researchers are aware of the issues involved so that they can make informed decisions about the implications of certain choices. This cutting-edge book charts the changing topography of ethics, governance and accountability for social science research in criminology, contributes to the developing discourse on research ethics and demonstrates the importance as to why research ethics should be taken seriously. Bringing together a range of experts who consider both quantitative and qualitative methodologies. This book examines the key issues and challenges of ethical research. Topics covered include: the measures in place to ensure ethical research practice for social scientists; the relationship between state funding and research findings; the challenge of researching sensitive areas; the changing face of governance and accountability for academic criminology. Research Ethics in Criminology is a comprehensive and accessible text that is ideal for students studying criminological research methods. Supplementary material includes key points, chapter summaries, critical thinking questions, key definitions, case examples, and recommendations for further reading. This book will provide a thorough grounding in the ethical issues faced by researchers, as well as an understanding of the role and purpose of ethics committees.
Posted in Social Science

What are Qualitative Research Ethics?

Author: Rose Wiles

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1849666547

Category: Social Science

Page: 128

View: 3480

There has been an increasing interest in research ethics over the last decade given the increasing ethical regulation of social research. 'Ethical literacy' encourages researchers to understand and engage with the ethical issues that emerge in the process of research. This book provides a short, succinct and accessible overview of the field, highlighting the key issues and everyday ethical dilemmas that researchers are likely to face in different contexts. Covering a range of methods, the book provides clear guidance for researchers on how to identify an approach that fits with their moral and intellectual framework. It explores ethical issues relating to 'traditional' research methods as well as to new and emerging methods and approaches - particularly visual and online methods. Illustrated throughout with real-world examples, this book also includes an annotated bibliography of key texts and other helpful resources. What are Qualitative Research Ethics? will be a vital resource for social science researchers across a range of disciplines.
Posted in Social Science

The Handbook of Ethical Research with Ethnocultural Populations and Communities

Author: Joseph E. Trimble,Celia B. Fisher

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761930434

Category: Psychology

Page: 366

View: 9267

The Handbook of Ethical Research With Ethnocultural Populations and Communities, edited by Joseph E. Trimble and Celia B. Fisher, addressES key questions in the first major work to focus specifically on ethical issues involving work with ethnocultural populations. Filling gaps and questions left unanswered by general rules of scientific conduct such as those embodied in federal regulations and professional codes, this Handbook will help guide ethical decision making for social and behavioral science research with multicultural groups for years to come.
Posted in Psychology