Essential Maths for Geoscientists

An Introduction

Author: Paul I. Palmer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470971932

Category: Mathematics

Page: 216

View: 939

"Essential Maths for Geoscientists: An Introduction" is an accessible, student-friendly introduction to the mathematics required by those students taking degree courses within the geosciences. Clearly structured throughout, this book carefully guides students step by step through the first mathematics they will encounter and provides numerous applied examples throughout to enhance students' understanding and to place each technique in context. Opening with a chapter explaining the need for studying mathematics within geosciences, this book then moves on to cover algebra, solving equations, logarithms and exponentials, uncertainties, errors and statistics, trigonometry, vectors and basic calculus. The final chapter helps to bring the subject all together and provides detailed applied questions to test students' knowledge. Worked applied examples are included in each chapter along with applied problem questions which are a mix of straightforward maths questions, word questions and more involved questions that involve the manipulation and interpretation of real and synthetic data. The emphasis in the book is on the application of relatively rudimentary mathematics to real-life scientific problems within the geosciences, enabling students to make use of current-day research problems and real datasets.
Posted in Mathematics

The Atmosphere: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Paul I. Palmer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191030759

Category: Science

Page: 144

View: 2884

The atmosphere is the thin, diffuse fluid that envelops the Earth's surface. Despite its apparent fragility, the existence of this fluid is vital for human and other life on Earth. In this Very Short Introduction Paul Palmer describes the physical and chemical characteristics of different layers in the atmosphere, and shows how the interactions where the atmosphere is in contact with land, ocean, and ice affect its observed physical and chemical properties. He also looks at how movement in the atmosphere, driven by heat from the sun, transports heat from lower latitudes to higher latitudes, and is a fundamental feature of the general circulation in the atmosphere. Finally, Palmer presents an overview of the types of measurements used to understand different parts of the atmosphere, and identifies the future challenges for atmospheric scientists. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Posted in Science

Biomeasurement

A Student's Guide to Biostatistics

Author: Dawn Hawkins

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199650446

Category: Mathematics

Page: 333

View: 2494

A refreshing, student-focused introduction to the use of statistics in the study of the biosciences. Emphasising why statistical techniques are essential tools for bioscientists, Biomeasurement removes the stigma attached to statistics by giving students the confidence to use key techniques for themselves.
Posted in Mathematics

Looking Into the Earth

An Introduction to Geological Geophysics

Author: Alan E. Mussett,M. Aftab Khan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521785747

Category: Science

Page: 470

View: 9356

Comprehensively describes the principles and applications of 'global' and 'exploration' geophysics for introductory/intermediate university students.
Posted in Science

Deformation of Earth Materials

An Introduction to the Rheology of Solid Earth

Author: Shun-ichiro Karato

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139469568

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 846

This graduate textbook presents a comprehensive, unified treatment of the materials science of deformation as applied to solid Earth geophysics and geology. The deformation of Earth materials is presented in a systematic way covering elastic, anelastic and viscous deformation. Advanced discussions on relevant debates are also included to bring readers a full picture of science in this interdisciplinary area. This textbook is ideal for graduate courses on the rheology and dynamics of solid Earth, and includes review questions with solutions so readers can monitor their understanding of the material presented. It is also a much-needed reference for geoscientists in many fields including geology, geophysics, geochemistry, materials science, mineralogy and ceramics.
Posted in Science

Introduction to Petroleum Exploration for Non-geologists

Author: Robert Stoneley

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198548560

Category: Science

Page: 119

View: 1601

This unique text offers a friendly, fascinating introduction to the world of petroleum exploration for readers with little or no technical background on the subject. Refreshingly clear and jargon-free, the book covers a wide range of topics, including the underlying rationale for exploration, essential basic geological and geophysical exploration techniques, drilling and logging wells, reserves, and an outline of reservoir geology. A helpful case history of exploration in the North Sea is presented to illustrate how the numerous processes work together, and a lengthy glossary of technical terms serves as an invaluable aid for those approaching the subject for the first time. Perfect for all those interested in petroleum exploration, the book will be especially welcomed by students and by non-geologists working in industry, such as draughtspeople, engineers, accountants, and lawyers.
Posted in Science

Petroleum Geoscience

Author: Jon Gluyas,Richard Swarbrick

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111868821X

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 7672

Petroleum Geoscience is a comprehensive introduction to the application of geology and geophysics to the search for and production of oil and gas. Uniquely, this book is structured to reflect the sequential and cyclical processes of exploration, appraisal, development and production. Chapters dedicated to each of these aspects are further illustrated by case histories drawn from the authors' experiences. Petroleum Geoscience has a global and 'geo-temporal' backdrop, drawing examples and case histories from around the world and from petroleum systems ranging in age from late-Pre-Cambrian to Pliocene. In order to show how geoscience is integrated at all levels within the industry, the authors stress throughout the links between geology and geophysics on the one hand, and drilling, reservoir engineering, petrophysics, petroleum engineering, facilities design, and health, safety and the environment on the other. Petroleum Geoscience is designed as a practical guide, with the basic theory augmented by case studies from a wide spread of geographical locations. Covers all the key aspects of the origin of petroleum, exploration, and production. It takes account of the modern emphasis on the efficient utilisation of reserves, on new methods in exploration (such as 3-D seismics). Book takes 'value-chain' approach to Petroleum Geoscience. First new text on petroleum geology for geology undergraduates to be published in the last ten years. Packed full of real-life case studies from Petroleum industry.
Posted in Science

Encounter Earth

Interactive Geoscience Explorations

Author: Steve Kluge

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780321581297

Category: Science

Page: 64

View: 1859

"Ideal for professors who want to integrate Google Earth7F!" in their classrooms, Pearson's new 'Encounter Earth' supplement gives students a new, well-organized way to visualize key topics in their introductory geoscience courses. This guide saves instructors assignment preparation time, and helps students find Google Earth7F!" locations for assignments created." -- Site Web de l'éditeur.
Posted in Science

Geological History of Britain and Ireland

Author: Nigel H. Woodcock,R. A. Strachan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118274059

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 3857

Britain and Ireland have a remarkably varied geology for so small a fragment of continental crust, with a fine rock record back through three billion years of geological time. This history would have been interesting enough if it had been played out on relatively stable continental crust. However, Britain and Ireland have developed at a tectonic crossroads, on crust once traversed by subduction zones and volcanic arcs, continental rifts and mountain belts. The resulting complexity is instructive, fascinating and perplexing. Geological History of Britain and Ireland tells the region's story at a level accessible to undergraduate geologists, as well as to postgraduates, professionals or informed amateurs. This second edition is fully revised and updated, reflecting our continually developing knowledge of the region's geology. Full coverage is again given to the rich Precambrian and Early Palaeozoic history, as well as to later events more relevant to hydrocarbon exploration. The book is an essential starting point for more detailed studies of the regional geology. Additional resources for this book can be found at: http://www.wiley.com/go/woodcock/geologicalhistory
Posted in Science

An Introduction to Applied and Environmental Geophysics

Author: John M. Reynolds

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119957141

Category: Science

Page: 712

View: 6926

An Introduction to Applied and Environmental Geophysics, 2nd Edition, describes the rapidly developing field of near-surface geophysics. The book covers a range of applications including mineral, hydrocarbon and groundwater exploration, and emphasises the use of geophysics in civil engineering and in environmental investigations. Following on from the international popularity of the first edition, this new, revised, and much expanded edition contains additional case histories, and descriptions of geophysical techniques not previously included in such textbooks. The level of mathematics and physics is deliberately kept to a minimum but is described qualitatively within the text. Relevant mathematical expressions are separated into boxes to supplement the text. The book is profusely illustrated with many figures, photographs and line drawings, many never previously published. Key source literature is provided in an extensive reference section; a list of web addresses for key organisations is also given in an appendix as a valuable additional resource. Covers new techniques such as Magnetic Resonance Sounding, Controlled- Source EM, shear-wave seismic refraction, and airborne gravity and EM techniques Now includes radioactivity surveying and more discussions of down-hole geophysical methods; hydrographic and Sub-Bottom Profiling surveying; and UneXploded Ordnance detection Expanded to include more forensic, archaeological, glaciological, agricultural and bio-geophysical applications Includes more information on physio-chemical properties of geological, engineering and environmental materials Takes a fully global approach Companion website with additional resources available at www.wiley.com/go/reynolds/introduction2e Accessible core textbook for undergraduates as well as an ideal reference for industry professionals The second edition is ideal for students wanting a broad introduction to the subject and is also designed for practising civil and geotechnical engineers, geologists, archaeologists and environmental scientists who need an overview of modern geophysical methods relevant to their discipline. While the first edition was the first textbook to provide such a comprehensive coverage of environmental geophysics, the second edition is even more far ranging in terms of techniques, applications and case histories.
Posted in Science

An Introduction to the Earth-Life System

Author: Charles Cockell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521493918

Category: Science

Page: 319

View: 4597

This concise textbook combines Earth and biological sciences to explore the co-evolution of the Earth and life over geological time.
Posted in Science

Geosystems

An Introduction to Physical Geography, Fourth Canadian Edition

Author: Robert W Christopherson,Mary-Louise Byrne,Philip Thomas Giles

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780133405521

Category: Physical geography

Page: 744

View: 5957

Note: If you are purchasing an electronic version, MasteringGeography does not come automatically packaged with it. To purchase MasteringGeography, please visitwww.MasteringGeography.com or you can purchase a package of the physical text and MasteringGeography by searching for ISBN 10: 0133405524 / ISBN 13: 9780133405521. Respected for its scientific accuracy, currency and thoroughness, and for its integration of high quality figures and photos, Christopherson/Byrne/Giles, Geosystems Fourth Canadian edition is the name you can trust with the content your students will read.
Posted in Physical geography

Introduction to Old English

Author: Peter S. Baker

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444354205

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 400

View: 8234

Featuring numerous updates and additional anthology selections, the 3rd edition of Introduction to Old English confirms its reputation as a leading text designed to help students engage with Old English literature for the first time. A new edition of one of the most popular introductions to Old English Assumes no expertise in other languages or in traditional grammar Includes basic grammar reviews at the beginning of each major chapter and a “minitext” feature to aid students in practicing reading Old English Features updates and several new anthology readings, including King Alfred’s Preface to Gregory’s Pastoral Care
Posted in Literary Criticism

The Computer as Crucible

An Introduction to Experimental Mathematics

Author: Jonathan Borwein,Keith Devlin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439876916

Category: Mathematics

Page: 170

View: 5707

Keith Devlin and Jonathan Borwein, two well-known mathematicians with expertise in different mathematical specialties but with a common interest in experimentation in mathematics, have joined forces to create this introduction to experimental mathematics. They cover a variety of topics and examples to give the reader a good sense of the current state of play in the rapidly growing new field of experimental mathematics. The writing is clear and the explanations are enhanced by relevant historical facts and stories of mathematicians and their encounters with the field over time.
Posted in Mathematics

Geographic Information Systems for Geoscientists

Modelling with GIS

Author: Graeme F. Bonham-Carter

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483144941

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 1355

Geographic Information Systems for Geoscientists: Modelling with GIS provides an introduction to the ideas and practice of GIS to students and professionals from a variety of geoscience backgrounds. The emphasis in the book is to show how spatial data from various sources (principally paper maps, digital images and tabular data from point samples) can be captured in a GIS database, manipulated, and transformed to extract particular features in the data, and combined together to produce new derived maps, that are useful for decision-making and for understanding spatial interrelationship. The book begins by defining the meaning, purpose, and functions of GIS. It then illustrates a typical GIS application. Subsequent chapters discuss methods for organizing spatial data in a GIS; data input and data visualization; transformation of spatial data from one data structure to another; and the combination, analysis, and modeling of maps in both raster and vector formats. This book is intended as both a textbook for a course on GIS, and also for those professional geoscientists who wish to understand something about the subject. Readers with a mathematical bent will get more out of the later chapters, but relatively non-numerate individuals will understand the general purpose and approach, and will be able to apply methods of map modeling to clearly-defined problems.
Posted in Science

Geology For Dummies

Author: Alecia M. Spooner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118021525

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 1789

Presents an introduction to geology of the Earth, discussing such topics as plate tectonics, surface processes, the rock cycle, and the geological timeline.
Posted in Science

Earth Structure

An Introduction to Structural Geology and Tectonics

Author: Ben A. Van der Pluijm,Stephen Marshak

Publisher: W. W. Norton

ISBN: 9780393924671

Category: Science

Page: 656

View: 2549

The Second Edition of Earth Structure: An Introduction to Structural Geology and Tectonics takes a balanced approach to the subject emphasizing links between structural features at all scales (microscopic, hand-specimen, outcrop, mountain-range) and deformation processes."
Posted in Science

The Atmosphere

An Introduction to Meteorology

Author: Frederick K. Lutgens,Edward J. Tarbuck,Dennis G. Tasa

Publisher: Pearson

ISBN: 0134015967

Category: Science

Page: 528

View: 1400

NOTE: You are purchasing a standalone product; MasteringMeteorology does not come packaged with this content. If you would like to purchase both the physical text and MasteringMeteorology search for ISBN-10: 0321984420 / ISBN-13: 9780321984425. That package includes ISBN-10: 0321984625 /ISBN-13: 9780321984623 and ISBN-10: 0321984862/ISBN-13: 9780321984869. For introductory meteorology courses. Providing the perfect storm of rich media and active learning tools. The Atmosphere: An Introduction to Meteorology remains the definitive introductory meteorology text, reinforcing basic concepts with everyday, easy-to-grasp examples. This revision retains the hallmark features professors have come to expect from Tarbuck and Lutgens: a friendly, largely non-technical narrative, timely coverage of recent atmospheric events, and carefully crafted artwork by leading science illustrator Dennis Tasa. The Thirteenth Edition now incorporates a new active-learning approach, integrated mobile media, and MasteringMeteorology, the most complete, easy-to-use, engaging tutorial and assessment tool available.This edition also extends its coverage of global climate change with dedicated climate change features in each chapter, coverage of the IPCC 5th Assessment report, and an inquiry-based approach in updated Student Sometimes Ask features with interesting facts that strengthen the connection between students and the content. Also available with MasteringMeteorology. MasteringMeteorology is an online homework, tutorial, and assessment product designed to improve results by helping students quickly master concepts. Students benefit from self-paced activities that feature immediate wrong-answer feedback and hints that emulate the office-hour experience to help keep students on track. With a wide range of interactive, engaging, and assignable activities, students are encouraged to actively learn and retain tough course concepts.
Posted in Science

Fundamentals of Geophysics

Author: William Lowrie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139465953

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 5143

This second edition of Fundamentals of Geophysics has been completely revised and updated, and is the ideal geophysics textbook for undergraduate students of geoscience with an introductory level of knowledge in physics and mathematics. It gives a comprehensive treatment of the fundamental principles of each major branch of geophysics, and presents geophysics within the wider context of plate tectonics, geodynamics and planetary science. Basic principles are explained with the aid of numerous figures and step-by-step mathematical treatments, and important geophysical results are illustrated with examples from the scientific literature. Text-boxes are used for auxiliary explanations and to handle topics of interest for more advanced students. This new edition also includes review questions at the end of each chapter to help assess the reader's understanding of the topics covered and quantitative exercises for more thorough evaluation. Solutions to the exercises and electronic copies of the figures are available at www.cambridge.org/9780521859028.
Posted in Science

Programming with Mathematica®

An Introduction

Author: Paul Wellin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107009464

Category: Computers

Page: 711

View: 4687

This practical, example-driven introduction teaches the foundations of the Mathematica language so it can be applied to solving concrete problems.
Posted in Computers