Essential Maths for Geoscientists

An Introduction

Author: Paul I. Palmer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470971932

Category: Mathematics

Page: 216

View: 7770

"Essential Maths for Geoscientists: An Introduction" is an accessible, student-friendly introduction to the mathematics required by those students taking degree courses within the geosciences. Clearly structured throughout, this book carefully guides students step by step through the first mathematics they will encounter and provides numerous applied examples throughout to enhance students' understanding and to place each technique in context. Opening with a chapter explaining the need for studying mathematics within geosciences, this book then moves on to cover algebra, solving equations, logarithms and exponentials, uncertainties, errors and statistics, trigonometry, vectors and basic calculus. The final chapter helps to bring the subject all together and provides detailed applied questions to test students' knowledge. Worked applied examples are included in each chapter along with applied problem questions which are a mix of straightforward maths questions, word questions and more involved questions that involve the manipulation and interpretation of real and synthetic data. The emphasis in the book is on the application of relatively rudimentary mathematics to real-life scientific problems within the geosciences, enabling students to make use of current-day research problems and real datasets.
Posted in Mathematics

The Atmosphere: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Paul I. Palmer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191030759

Category: Science

Page: 144

View: 5564

The atmosphere is the thin, diffuse fluid that envelops the Earth's surface. Despite its apparent fragility, the existence of this fluid is vital for human and other life on Earth. In this Very Short Introduction Paul Palmer describes the physical and chemical characteristics of different layers in the atmosphere, and shows how the interactions where the atmosphere is in contact with land, ocean, and ice affect its observed physical and chemical properties. He also looks at how movement in the atmosphere, driven by heat from the sun, transports heat from lower latitudes to higher latitudes, and is a fundamental feature of the general circulation in the atmosphere. Finally, Palmer presents an overview of the types of measurements used to understand different parts of the atmosphere, and identifies the future challenges for atmospheric scientists. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Posted in Science

Geologie für Dummies

Author: Alecia M. Spooner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527687483

Category: Education

Page: 376

View: 6548

Fragen Sie sich auch manchmal, warum die Erde so aussieht wie sie aussieht? Eiszeiten, Vulkanismus, Erosion, Meteoriteneinschläge - unser Planet hat in seiner Geschichte schon einiges mitgemacht. Und so vielgestaltig die Erde aussieht, so umfangreich und komplex ist auch das Thema Geologie. Aber keine Sorge, Alecia Spooner erklärt Ihnen leicht verständlich alles Wichtige, was es zum Thema Geologie zu wissen gibt: von den chemischen Grundlagen und der Bedeutung von Wind und Wasser für die Geowissenschaften bis zur Bildung und Bestimmung von Gesteinen. Sie erfahren alles Wissenswerte zu Konvektion, Plattentektonik, Mineralien, Fossilien, Erdbeben, Oberflächenprozessen, den geologischen Zeitaltern und vieles, vieles mehr. Nehmen Sie das Buch zur Hand und bringen Sie die Steine ins Rollen!
Posted in Education

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 9420

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
Posted in History

Geologie der Alpen

Author: O. Adrian Pfiffner

Publisher: UTB

ISBN: 3825284166

Category: Alpen

Page: 359

View: 589

Die Alpen spielen in der Geschichte der Geologie eine zentrale Rolle. In diesem Gebirge können die unterschiedlichsten geologischen Phänomene besonders gut beobachtet werden. Dieses Buch gibt zuerst den modernen plattentektonischen Rahmen. Anschließend werden die Gesteinsverbände des kristallinen Grundgebirges sowie der paläozoischen, mesozoischen und känozoischen Sedimentabfolgen diskutiert. Der tektonische Bau von Jura bis Po-Becken wird samt Tiefenstruktur, Metamorphose und orogener Entwicklung beleuchtet. Die jüngste geologische Geschichte schließlich geht auf die pliozänen Flusssysteme, die großen pleistozänen Vereisungen, die Landschaftsgestaltung und die rezenten Bewegungen ein. Die reiche Bebilderung mit Karten, Profilen, stratigrafischen Kolonnenprofilen und Entwicklungsschemata kann als Grundlage für Exkursionen dienen.
Posted in Alpen

Das elegante Universum

Superstrings, verborgene Dimensionen und die Suche nach der Weltformel

Author: Brian Greene

Publisher: Siedler Verlag

ISBN: 3641185653

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 3416

Eine hervorragende Darstellung unseres physikalischen Wissens und der Suche nach der „Weltformel“. Was ist die Superstringtheorie? Brian Greene, einer der führenden Physiker auf dem Gebiet der Superstrings, nimmt uns mit auf eine faszinierende und aufregende Reise zu den Grenzen unseres Verständnisses von Zeit, Raum und Materie.„Das elegante Universum“ ist ein populär geschriebenes und allgemein verständliches Kompendium unseres physikalischen Wissens.
Posted in Science

Geoscience Research and Education

Teaching at Universities

Author: Vincent C. H. Tong

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400769466

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 1473

Focusing on geoscience, this book applies a uniquely cross-disciplinary perspective to its examination of the relationship between scientific research and teaching at universities. Contributions show how the use of technology and innovative pedagogical design allows students at different stages of their university studies to develop skills and experience in geoscience research. The book offers wide-ranging insight from academics in geoscience, science education and higher education policy and pedagogy, as well as from students and industry experts. The opening section sets the context, with a chapter on teaching and research in the contemporary university by a world-leading academic in higher education, and an essay by the editor on the case of moving from research-implicit to research-enhanced teaching. Part Two addresses the research-teaching nexus in geoscience, offering chapters entitled The Challenge of Combining Research and Teaching: A Young Geoscientist’s Perspective; Teaching on the High Seas: How Field Research Enhances Teaching at All Levels; Curricula and Departmental Strategies to Link Teaching and Geoscience Research; and Geoscience Internships in the Oil and Gas Industry, among others. In Part Three, the use of technology is discussed in chapters such as Using Interactive Virtual Field Guides and Linked Data in Geoscience Teaching and Learning; and Towards Technology- and Research-enhanced Education (TREE): Electronic Feedback as a Teaching Tool in Geoscience. The Program Design section includes chapters on Introducing University Students to Authentic, Hands-on Undergraduate Geoscience Research, and the opportunity to link research and teaching in students’ final projects and more. Geoscience Research and Education: Teaching at Universities is a useful resource for understanding the research-teaching nexus and how it has been implemented in different types of universities and in different countries. Science academics seeking to integrate research into teaching will find the book highly relevant to their work. The emphasis on using technology as a means to link research and teaching will be of great interest and practical benefit to learning technologists, science educators and university policymakers. Together with the companion volume Geoscience Research and Outreach: Schools and Public Engagement, this book showcases the key role that geoscience research plays in a wide spectrum of educational settings.
Posted in Science

Mathematische Modellierung

Author: Christof Eck,Harald Garcke,Peter Knabner

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662543354

Category: Mathematics

Page: 515

View: 6358

Das Lehrbuch bietet eine lebendige und anschauliche Einführung in die mathematische Modellierung von Phänomenen aus den Natur- und Ingenieurwissenschaften. Leser lernen, mathematische Modelle zu verstehen und selbst herzuleiten und finden eine Fülle von Beispielen, u. a. aus den Bereichen chemische Reaktionskinetik, Populationsdynamik, Strömungsdynamik, Elastizitätstheorie und Kristallwachstum. Die Methoden der Linearen Algebra, der Analysis und der Theorie der gewöhnlichen und partiellen Differentialgleichungen werden sorgfältig eingeführt.
Posted in Mathematics

Climate Dynamics

Author: Kerry H. Cook

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400847338

Category: Science

Page: 216

View: 5470

Climate Dynamics is an advanced undergraduate-level textbook that provides an essential foundation in the physical understanding of the earth's climate system. The book assumes no background in atmospheric or ocean sciences and is appropriate for any science or engineering student who has completed two semesters of calculus and one semester of calculus-based physics. Describing the climate system based on observations of the mean climate state and its variability, the first section of the book introduces the vocabulary of the field, the dependent variables that characterize the climate system, and the typical approaches taken to display these variables. The second section of the book gives a quantitative understanding of the processes that determine the climate state--radiation, heat balances, and the basics of fluid dynamics. Applications for the atmosphere, ocean, and hydrological cycle are developed in the next section, and the last three chapters of the book directly address global climate change. Throughout, the textbook makes connections between mathematics and physics in order to illustrate the usefulness of mathematics, particularly first-year calculus, for predicting changes in the physical world. Climate change will impact every aspect of life in the coming decades. This book supports and broadens understanding of the dynamics of the climate system by offering a much-needed introduction that is accessible to any science, math, or engineering student. Makes a physically based, quantitative understanding of climate change accessible to all science, engineering, and mathematics undergraduates Explains how the climate system works and why the climate is changing Reinforces, applies, and connects the basic ideas of calculus and physics Emphasizes fundamental observations and understanding An online illustration package and solutions manual for professors is available
Posted in Science

Modeling and Control of Hydrosystems

Author: Xavier Litrico,Vincent Fromion

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1848826249

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 409

View: 4616

Open-channel hydraulics are described by hyperbolic equations, derived from laws of conservation of mass and momentum, called Saint-Venant equations. In conjunction with hydraulic structure equations these are used to represent the dynamic behavior of water flowing in rivers, irrigation canals, and sewers. Building on a detailed analysis of open-channel flow modeling, this monograph constructs control design methodologies based on a frequency domain approach. In practice, many open-channel systems are controlled with classical input–output controllers that are usually poorly tuned. The approach of this book, fashioning pragmatic engineering solutions for the control of open channels is given rigorous mathematical justification. Once the control objectives are clarified, a generic control design method is proposed, first for a canal pool, and then for a whole canal. The methods developed in the book have been validated on several canals of various dimensions up to a large scale irrigation canal.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Matlab für Dummies

Author: Jim Sizemore

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 352780871X

Category: Computers

Page: 416

View: 9812

Ob Naturwissenschaftler, Mathematiker, Ingenieur oder Datenwissenschaftler - mit MATLAB haben Sie ein mächtiges Tool in der Hand, das Ihnen die Arbeit mit Ihren Daten erleichtert. Aber wie das mit manch mächtigen Dingen so ist - es ist auch ganz schön kompliziert. Aber keine Sorge! Jim Sizemore führt Sie in diesem Buch Schritt für Schritt an das Programm heran - von der Installation und den ersten Skripten bis hin zu aufwändigen Berechnungen, der Erstellung von Grafiken und effizienter Fehlerbehebung. Sie werden begeistert sein, was Sie mit MATLAB alles anstellen können.
Posted in Computers

Geoscience Research and Outreach

Schools and Public Engagement

Author: Vincent C. H. Tong

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400769431

Category: Science

Page: 340

View: 2096

From energy and water resources to natural disasters, and from changing climatic patterns to the evolution of the Earth’s deep interior, geoscience research affects people’s lives in many ways and on many levels. This book offers a stimulating cross-disciplinary perspective on the important relationship between geoscience research and outreach activities for schools and for the general public. The contributors – academics, research scientists, science educators and outreach program educators – describe and evaluate outreach programs from around the world. A section entitled Field-based Approaches includes a chapter describing an initiative to engage Alaskan communities and students in research, and another on problem-based learning in the field setting. The Online Approaches section discusses ways to connect students and scientists using online forums; use of the web and social media, including the United Nations University and its experience with the design of a web magazine featuring geoscience research; and video clips on marine geoscience created by students and scientists. The section on Workshop and Laboratory-based Approaches includes a chapter on teaching geochronology to high school students, and another describing an extracurricular school activity program on meteorology. The Program Design section presents chapters on Integrating Geoscience Research in Primary and Secondary Education, on ways to bridge research with science education at the high school level, and on use of online geoscience data from the Great Lakes. The concluding section, Promoting Research-enhanced Outreach, offers chapters on Geoscience Outreach Education with the local community by a leading research-intensive university, and on the use of research to promote action in Earth science professional development for schoolteachers.Geoscience Research and Outreach: Schools and Public Engagement will benefit geoscience researchers who wish to promote their work beyond academia. It offers guidance to those seeking research funding from agencies, which increasingly request detailed plans for outreach activities in research proposals. Policymakers, educators and scientists working in museums, learned societies and public organizations who wish to widen participation will also find this book useful. Together with the companion volume Geoscience Research and Education: Teaching at Universities, this book showcases the key role that geoscience research plays in a wide spectrum of educational settings.
Posted in Science

Earth and Mind II

A Synthesis of Research on Thinking and Learning in the Geosciences

Author: Kim A. Kastens,Cathryn A. Manduca

Publisher: Geological Society of America

ISBN: 0813724864

Category: Science

Page: 210

View: 340

Articles refer to teaching at various different levels from kindergarten to graduate school, with sections on teaching: geologic time, space, complex systems, and field-work. Each section includes an introduction, a thematic paper, and commentaries.
Posted in Science

Vulkane, Schluchten, Höhlen

Geologische Naturwunder in Deutschland

Author: Manuel Lauterbach,Christine Kumerics

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783806231663

Category:

Page: 176

View: 2958

Posted in

Nonlinear Dynamics in Geosciences

Author: Anastasios A. Tsonis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387349170

Category: Mathematics

Page: 604

View: 8479

This volume is comprised of the proceedings of "20 Years of Nonlinear Dynamics in Geosciences", held June 11-16, 2006 in Rhodes, Greece as part of the Aegean Conferences. The volume brings together research from the atmospheric sciences, hydrology, geology, and other areas of Geosciences, and discusses the advances made and the future directions of nonlinear dynamics. The topics covered include predictability, ensemble prediction, nonlinear prediction, nonlinear time series analysis, low-dimensional chaos, nonlinear modeling, fractals and multifractals, bifurcation, and other aspects of nonlinear science.
Posted in Mathematics

Partielle Differentialgleichungen der Geometrie und der Physik 2

Funktionalanalytische Lösungsmethoden

Author: Friedrich Sauvigny

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540275401

Category: Mathematics

Page: 350

View: 7363

Das zweibändige Lehrbuch behandelt das Gebiet der partiellen Differentialgleichungen umfassend und anschaulich. Der Autor stellt in Band 2 funktionalanalytische Lösungsmethoden vor und erläutert u. a. die Lösbarkeit von Operatorgleichungen im Banachraum, lineare Operatoren im Hilbertraum und Spektraltheorie, die Schaudersche Theorie linearer elliptischer Differentialgleichungen sowie schwache Lösungen elliptischer Differentialgleichungen.
Posted in Mathematics

Physik-Manga

Mechanik

Author: Hideo Nitta

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783834809827

Category: Science

Page: 222

View: 4573

Physik ist trocken und macht keinen Spaß? Falsch! Mit diesem Manga lernt man die Grundlagen der Mechanik kennen, kann sie in zahlreichen Aufgaben anwenden und anhand der Lösungen seinen Lernfortschritt überprüfen – und hat auch noch eine Menge Spaß dabei! Der Inhalt Prolog: Nervt Dich Physik? - Actio und Reactio - Drehmomente - Kraft und Bewegung - Energie Die Zielgruppe Studierende, Schüler und Mangafans, die einen spannenden Einstieg in die Mechanik suchen Die Autoren Hideo Nitta (Autor) Keita Takatsu (Illustrator) TREND-PRO Co,. Ltd. (Produzent)
Posted in Science

Das Recht der Völker

Enthält: "Nochmals: Die Idee der öffentlichen Vernunft"

Author: John Rawls

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110898535

Category: Philosophy

Page: 294

View: 5153

Welche Bedingungen lassen Völker gerecht und friedlich zusammenleben? Unter welchen Umständen sind Kriege gerechtfertigt? Welche Leitlinien müssen gegeben sein für Organisationen, die eine gerechte Gesellschaft von Völkern mit gleichen Rechten herzustellen vermögen? In acht Grundsätzen für eine gerechte internationale Ordnung entwickelt der amerikanische Philosoph John Rawls einen hypothetischen "Vertrag der Gesellschaft der Völker". Das jüngste Buch von John Rawls ist nach A Theory of Justice 1971, dt. 1975) und Political Liberalism (1993, dt. 1998) ein weiteres wichtiges Werk des bedeutenden amerikanischen Philosophen. Die Originalausgabe (The Law of Peoples, 1999) hat zu heftigen Kontroversen geführt.
Posted in Philosophy