Biology of Chrysomelidae

Author: P. Jolivet,E. Petitpierre,T.H. Hsiao

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400931050

Category: Science

Page: 615

View: 3607

As in most groups of insects, scientific research on the Chrysomelidae began in Europe in 1758, with the description of a few genera and species by the Scandinavian entomologists C. von Linne, I.C. Fabricius, and others. As the 19th century dawned, many systematic entomologists took up the study of chrysomelid beetles, together with other groups of beetles, and many new species and genera were described from all parts of the world. This trend has, of course, continued down to the present time. However, researches on the Chrysomelidae did not remain restricted to systematics, and many new lines of study have been followed, especially in the present century, by workers who have benefitted from the advances made in related fields of pure and applied entomology. Much has been achieved in the study of the Chrysomelidae, as elsewhere, and it is the aim of the present book to provide a summary and guide to these achievements. It is also to be expected that this book will provide a stimulus for further studies on the Chrysomelidae, so that we can anticipate continuing progress in our knowledge and understanding of this group through the endeavours of an ever-increasing number of scientists. I offer my congratulations to all concerned in the preparation of this book and my best wishes for its success.
Posted in Science

Insect-Plant Biology

Author: Louis M. Schoonhoven,Joop J. A. van Loon,Marcel Dicke

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 019852594X

Category: Science

Page: 421

View: 4693

"This multidisciplinary approach will appeal to students in agricultural entomology, plant sciences, ecology, and indeed anyone interested in the principles underlying the relationships between the two largest groups of organisms on earth: plants and insects."--BOOK JACKET.
Posted in Science

Aphids as Crop Pests

Author: Helmut Fritz Van Emden,Richard Harrington

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 0851998194

Category: Science

Page: 717

View: 4496

This book contains 31 chapters covering aphids as crop pests, from recent advances in molecular science and chemical ecology to forecasting and insect pest management decision support systems. It is a comprehensive reference volume on all aspects of the biology of aphids that are relevant to their pest status (including aphid taxonomy, population genetics, life cycle, host plant selection and feeding, nutrition and symbiosis, growth and development, movement, predators, parasitoids, entomopathogens, insecticide resistance and population dynamics) and management strategies to control these pests. Intended for students, researchers and practitioners in the field of entomology and crop production, this book includes several case study chapters on integrated pest management in specific crops, such as cotton, sorghum and cucurbits.
Posted in Science

Aphids as Crop Pests, 2nd Edition

Author: Helmut F van Emden,Richard Harrington

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1780647093

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 714

View: 8765

Aphids are among the major global pest groups, causing serious economic damage to many food and commodity crops in most parts of the world. This revision and update of the well-received first edition published ten years ago reflects the expansion of research in genomics, endosymbionts and semiochemicals, as well as the shift from control of aphids with insecticides to a more integrated approach imposed by increasing resistance in the aphids and government restrictions on pesticides. The book remains a comprehensive and up-to-date reference work on the biology of aphids, the various methods of controlling them and the progress of integrated pest management as illustrated by ten case histories.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Issues in Life Sciences: Acarology, Arachnology, and Entomology: 2011 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 146496534X

Category: Science

Page: 931

View: 5097

Issues in Life Sciences: Acarology, Arachnology, and Entomology: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Life Sciences—Acarology, Arachnology, and Entomology. The editors have built Issues in Life Sciences: Acarology, Arachnology, and Entomology: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Life Sciences—Acarology, Arachnology, and Entomology in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Life Sciences: Acarology, Arachnology, and Entomology: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
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Coloring Agents—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition

ScholarlyBrief

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 148161861X

Category: Science

Page: 40

View: 7852

Coloring Agents—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyBrief™ that delivers timely, authoritative, comprehensive, and specialized information about Coloring Agents in a concise format. The editors have built Coloring Agents—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Coloring Agents in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Coloring Agents—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
Posted in Science

Pesticides—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464991588

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 822

View: 8680

Pesticides—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Pesticides. The editors have built Pesticides—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Pesticides in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Pesticides—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Biological Factors—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464991715

Category: Medical

Page: 753

View: 8900

Biological Factors—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Biological Factors. The editors have built Biological Factors—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Biological Factors in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Biological Factors—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
Posted in Medical

Juvenile Hormones: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition

ScholarlyPaper

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464950989

Category: Medical

Page: 25

View: 1065

Juvenile Hormones: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyPaper™ that delivers timely, authoritative, and intensively focused information about Juvenile Hormones in a compact format. The editors have built Juvenile Hormones: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Juvenile Hormones in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Juvenile Hormones: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
Posted in Medical

Advances in Nicotiana Research and Application: 2013 Edition

ScholarlyPaper

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1481683446

Category: Science

Page: 44

View: 700

Advances in Nicotiana Research and Application: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyPaper™ that delivers timely, authoritative, and intensively focused information about ZZZAdditional Research in a compact format. The editors have built Advances in Nicotiana Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about ZZZAdditional Research in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Advances in Nicotiana Research and Application: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
Posted in Science

Biology of Blood-Sucking Insects

Author: Mike Lehane

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401179530

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 288

View: 4942

Blood-sucking insects are the vectors of many of the most debilitating parasites of man and his domesticated animals. In addition they are of considerable direct cost to the agricultural industry through losses in milk and meat yields, and through damage to hides and wool, etc. So, not surprisingly, many books of medical and veterinary entomology have been written. Most of these texts are organized taxonomically giving the details of the life-cycles, bionomics, relationship to disease and economic importance of each of the insect groups in turn. I have taken a different approach. This book is topic led and aims to discuss the biological themes which are common in the lives of blood-sucking insects. To do this I have concentrated on those aspects of the biology of these fascinating insects which have been clearly modified in some way to suit the blood-sucking habit. For example, I have discussed feeding and digestion in some detail because feeding on blood presents insects with special problems, but I have not discussed respiration because it is not affected in any particular way by haematophagy. Naturally there is a subjective element in the choice of topics for discussion and the weight given to each. I hope that I have not let my enthusiasm for particular subjects get the better of me on too many occasions and that the subject material achieves an overall balance.
Posted in Juvenile Nonfiction

Biodiversity and Insect Pests

Key Issues for Sustainable Management

Author: Geoff M. Gurr,Stephen D. Wratten,William E. Snyder

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118231856

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 2790

Biodiversity offers great potential for managing insect pests. Itprovides resistance genes and anti-insect compounds; a huge rangeof predatory and parasitic natural enemies of pests; and communityecology-level effects operating at the local and landscape scalesto check pest build-up. This book brings together world leaders intheoretical, methodological and applied aspects to provide acomprehensive treatment of this fast-moving field. Chapter authors from Europe, Asia, Africa, Australasia and theAmericas ensure a truly international scope. Topics range fromscientific principles, innovative research methods, ecologicaleconomics and effective communication to farmers, as well as casestudies of successful use of biodiversity-based pest managementsome of which extend over millions of hectares or are enshrined asgovernment policy. Written to be accessible to advanced undergraduates whilst alsostimulating the seasoned researcher, this work will help unlock thepower of biodiversity to deliver sustainable insect pestmanagement. Visit spanstyle="font-family: "Calibri","sans-serif"; font-size: 11pt; mso-fareast-font-family: SimSun; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: TH;"www.wiley.com/go/gurr/biodiversity toaccess the artwork from the book./span
Posted in Science

Annual Plant Reviews, Biology of Plant Metabolomics

Author: Robert D. Hall

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 144433994X

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 6265

Biology of Plant Metabolomics is an exciting new volume in Wiley-Blackwell's highly successful Annual Plant Reviews series. Concentrating on the biology and biological relevance of plant metabolomics, each chapter, written by internationally-acknowledged experts in the field from at least two different research groups, combines a review of the existing biological results with an extended assessment of possible future developments and the impact that these will have on the type of research needed for the future. Following a general introduction, this exciting volume includes details of metabolomics of model species including Arabidopsis and tomato. Further chapters provide in-depth coverage of abiotic stress, data integration, systems biology, genetics, genomics, chemometrics and biostatisitcs. Applications of plant metabolomics in food science, plant ecology and physiology are also comprehensively covered. Biology of Plant Metabolomics provides cutting edge reviews of many major aspects of this new and exciting subject. It is an essential purchase for plant scientists, plant geneticists and physiologists. All libraries in universities and research establishments where biological sciences are studied and taught should have a copy of this Annual Plant Reviews volume on their shelves.
Posted in Science

Effectors in Plant-Microbe Interactions

Author: Francis Martin,Sophien Kamoun

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470958227

Category: Science

Page: 444

View: 766

Plants and microbes interact in a complex relationship that canhave both harmful and beneficial impacts on both plant andmicrobial communities. Effectors, secreted microbial molecules thatalter plant processes and facilitate colonization, are central tounderstanding the complicated interplay between plants andmicrobes. Effectors in Plant-Microbe Interactionsunlocks the molecular basis of this important class of microbialmolecules and describes their diverse and complex interactions withhost plants. Effectors in Plant Microbe Interactions is divided intofive sections that take stock of the current knowledge on effectorsof plant-associated organisms. Coverage ranges from the impact ofbacterial, fungal and oomycete effectors on plant immunity andhigh-throughput genomic analysis of effectors to the function andtrafficking of these microbial molecules. The final section looksat effectors secreted by other eukaryotic microbes that are thefocus of current and future research efforts. Written by leading international experts in plant-microbeinteractions, Effectors in Plant Microbe Interactions, willbe an essential volume for plant biologists, microbiologists,pathologists, and geneticists.
Posted in Science

Vulnerability of Coastal Ecosystems and Adaptation

Author: André Monaco,Patrick Prouzet

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119007755

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 6895

The vulnerability of socio-ecosystem combines the probability of exposure to natural or anthropogenic pressure, sensitivity and resilience. This book presents a systemic view of the diversity of pressures and impacts produced by climate change and human actions. Erosion of biodiversity by changing ocean chemistry, the intensification of global change raises the problem of the adaptation of living resources.
Posted in Science

Ecology and Evolution of Dung Beetles

Author: Leigh W. Simmons,T. James Ridsdill-Smith

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444341980

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 4601

This book describes the evolutionary and ecological consequences of reproductive competition for scarabaeine dung beetles. As well as giving us insight into the private lives of these fascinating creatures, this book shows how dung beetles can be used as model systems for improving our general understanding of broad evolutionary and ecological processes, and how they generate biological diversity. Over the last few decades we have begun to see further than ever before, with our research efforts yielding new information at all levels of analysis, from whole organism biology to genomics. This book brings together leading researchers who contribute chapters that integrate our current knowledge of phylogenetics and evolution, developmental biology, comparative morphology, physiology, behaviour, and population and community ecology. Dung beetle research is shedding light on the ultimate question of how best to document and conserve the world's biodiversity. The book will be of interest to established researchers, university teachers, research students, conservation biologists, and those wanting to know more about the dung beetle taxon.
Posted in Science

The Braconid and Ichneumonid Parasitoid Wasps

Biology, Systematics, Evolution and Ecology

Author: Donald L. J. Quicke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118907078

Category: Science

Page: 704

View: 8624

The Ichneumonoidea is a vast and important superfamily ofparasitic wasps, with some 60,000 described species and estimatednumbers far higher, especially for small-bodied tropical taxa. Thesuperfamily comprises two cosmopolitan families - Braconidae andIchneumonidae - that have largely attracted separate groups ofresearchers, and this, to a considerable extent, has meant thatunderstanding of their adaptive features has often been consideredin isolation. This book considers both families, highlightingsimilarities and differences in their adaptations. The classification of the whole of the Ichneumonoidea, along withmost other insect orders, has been plagued by typology wherebyundue importance has been attributed to particular characters indefining groups. Typology is a common disease of traditionaltaxonomy such that, until recently, quite a lot of taxa have beenassociated with the wrong higher clades. The sheer size of thegroup, and until the last 30 or so years, lack of accessibleidentification materials, has been a further impediment to researchon all but a handful of ‘lab rat’ species usuallycultured initially because of their potential in biologicalcontrol. New evidence, largely in the form of molecular data, have shownthat many morphological, behavioural, physiological and anatomicalcharacters associated with basic life history features,specifically whether wasps are ecto- or endoparasitic, or idiobiontor koinobiont, can be grossly misleading in terms of the phylogenythey suggest. This book shows how, with better supportedphylogenetic hypotheses entomologists can understand far more aboutthe ways natural selection is acting upon them. This new book also focuses on this superfamily with which theauthor has great familiarity and provides a detailed coverage ofeach subfamily, emphasising anatomy, taxonomy andsystematics, biology, as well as pointing out the importance andresearch potential of each group. Fossil taxa are included and italso has sections on biogeography, global species richness, culturing and rearing andpreparing specimens for taxonomic study. The book highlights areaswhere research might be particularly rewarding and suggestssystems/groups that need investigation. The author provides a largecompendium of references to original research on each group. Thisbook is an essential workmate for all postgraduates and researchersworking on ichneumonoid or other parasitic wasps worldwide. It willstand as a reference book for a good number of years, and whilerapid advances in various fields such as genomics and hostphysiological interactions will lead to new information, as anoverall synthesis of the current state it will stay relevant for along time.
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The Evolution of Insect Mating Systems

Author: David Shuker,Leigh Simmons

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191030880

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 3394

Insects display a staggering diversity of mating and social behaviours. Studying these systems provides insights into a wide range of evolutionary and behavioural questions, such as the evolution of sex, sexual selection, sexual conflict, and parental care. This edited volume provides an authoritative update of the landmark book in the field, The Evolution of Insect Mating Systems (Thornhill and Alcock, 1983), which had such a huge impact in shaping adaptationist approaches to the study of animal behaviour and influencing the study of the evolution of reproductive behaviour far beyond the taxonomic remit of insects. This accessible new volume brings the empirical and conceptual scope of the original book fully up to date, incorporating the wealth of new knowledge and research of the last 30 years. It explores the evolution of complex forms of sex determination in insects, and the role of sexual selection in shaping the evolution of mating systems. Selection arising via male contest competition and female choice (both before and after copulation) are discussed, as are the roles of parasites and pathogens in mediating the strength of sexual selection, and the role that parental care plays in successful reproduction. The Evolution of Insect Mating Systems is suitable for both graduate students and researchers interested in insect mating systems or behaviour from an evolutionary, genetical, physiological, or ecological perspective. Due to its interdisciplinary and concept-driven approach, it will also be of relevance and use to a broad audience of evolutionary biologists.
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Ultrasonic Communication by Animals

Author: G. Sales

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401169012

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 281

View: 2695

In recent years there has been a rapid increase in the understanding of communication between animals and this is perhaps especially true of bio-acoustics. In the last 35 years a completely new branch of bio acoustics, involving ultrasounds, has been made possible by technical developments that now allow these inaudible sounds to be detected and studied. This subject has a personal fascination for the authors, perhaps because of the novelty of 'listening in' to these previously unknown sig nals, perhaps because of the wide variety of ways in which different animals use them. Many studies of different aspects of animal ultrasound have now been published and a review of them all seems to be timely. Ultrasound is is biologically arbitrary; other animals defined in human terms and may produce similar signals at lower frequencies for similar purposes. This book attempts to be comprehensive but the limits of the subject are rather difficult to define. It should be read in conjunction with other books on audible bio-acoustics. Each chapter has been written and may be read as a separate entity, although there is considerable cross-referencing. Chapters 1 and 2 form a common introduction and may help in understanding the later sections. The Appendix is not essential but is included for those who may be interested in the quanti tative aspects of the echo-location phenomena described in Chapters 3 and 8.
Posted in Juvenile Nonfiction