Entailment

The Logic of Relevance and Necessity

Author: Alan Ross Anderson,Nuel D. Belnap, Jr.,J. Michael Dunn

Publisher: Princeton Legacy Library

ISBN: 9780691654645

Category: Philosophy

Page: 778

View: 313

In spite of a powerful tradition, more than two thousand years old, that in a valid argument the premises must be relevant to the conclusion, twentieth-century logicians neglected the concept of relevance until the publication of Volume I of this monumental work. Since that time relevance logic has achieved an important place in the field of philosophy: Volume II of Entailment brings to a conclusion a powerful and authoritative presentation of the subject by most of the top people working in the area. Originally the aim of Volume II was simply to cover certain topics not treated in the first volume--quantification, for example--or to extend the coverage of certain topics, such as semantics. However, because of the technical progress that has occurred since the publication of the first volume, Volume II now includes other material. The book contains the work of Alasdair Urquhart, who has shown that the principal sentential systems of relevance logic are undecidable, and of Kit Fine, who has demonstrated that, although the first-order systems are incomplete with respect to the conjectured constant domain semantics, they are still complete with respect to a semantics based on "arbitrary objects." Also presented is important work by the other contributing authors, who are Daniel Cohen, Steven Giambrone, Dorothy L. Grover, Anil Gupta, Glen Helman, Errol P. Martin, Michael A. McRobbie, and Stuart Shapiro. Robert G. Wolf's bibliography of 3000 items is a valuable addition to the volume. Originally published in 1992. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
Posted in Philosophy

Entailment, Vol. II

The Logic of Relevance and Necessity

Author: Alan Ross Anderson,Nuel D. Belnap Jr.,J. Michael Dunn

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400887070

Category: Philosophy

Page: 778

View: 7923

In spite of a powerful tradition, more than two thousand years old, that in a valid argument the premises must be relevant to the conclusion, twentieth-century logicians neglected the concept of relevance until the publication of Volume I of this monumental work. Since that time relevance logic has achieved an important place in the field of philosophy: Volume II of Entailment brings to a conclusion a powerful and authoritative presentation of the subject by most of the top people working in the area. Originally the aim of Volume II was simply to cover certain topics not treated in the first volume--quantification, for example--or to extend the coverage of certain topics, such as semantics. However, because of the technical progress that has occurred since the publication of the first volume, Volume II now includes other material. The book contains the work of Alasdair Urquhart, who has shown that the principal sentential systems of relevance logic are undecidable, and of Kit Fine, who has demonstrated that, although the first-order systems are incomplete with respect to the conjectured constant domain semantics, they are still complete with respect to a semantics based on "arbitrary objects." Also presented is important work by the other contributing authors, who are Daniel Cohen, Steven Giambrone, Dorothy L. Grover, Anil Gupta, Glen Helman, Errol P. Martin, Michael A. McRobbie, and Stuart Shapiro. Robert G. Wolf's bibliography of 3000 items is a valuable addition to the volume. Originally published in 1992. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
Posted in Philosophy

Entailment, Vol. II

The Logic of Relevance and Necessity

Author: Alan Ross Anderson,Nuel D. Belnap Jr.,J. Michael Dunn

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400887070

Category: Philosophy

Page: 778

View: 3118

In spite of a powerful tradition, more than two thousand years old, that in a valid argument the premises must be relevant to the conclusion, twentieth-century logicians neglected the concept of relevance until the publication of Volume I of this monumental work. Since that time relevance logic has achieved an important place in the field of philosophy: Volume II of Entailment brings to a conclusion a powerful and authoritative presentation of the subject by most of the top people working in the area. Originally the aim of Volume II was simply to cover certain topics not treated in the first volume--quantification, for example--or to extend the coverage of certain topics, such as semantics. However, because of the technical progress that has occurred since the publication of the first volume, Volume II now includes other material. The book contains the work of Alasdair Urquhart, who has shown that the principal sentential systems of relevance logic are undecidable, and of Kit Fine, who has demonstrated that, although the first-order systems are incomplete with respect to the conjectured constant domain semantics, they are still complete with respect to a semantics based on "arbitrary objects." Also presented is important work by the other contributing authors, who are Daniel Cohen, Steven Giambrone, Dorothy L. Grover, Anil Gupta, Glen Helman, Errol P. Martin, Michael A. McRobbie, and Stuart Shapiro. Robert G. Wolf's bibliography of 3000 items is a valuable addition to the volume. Originally published in 1992. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
Posted in Philosophy

J. Michael Dunn on Information Based Logics

Author: Katalin Bimbó

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319293001

Category: Philosophy

Page: 436

View: 6970

This book celebrates and expands on J. Michael Dunn’s work on informational interpretations of logic. Dunn, in his Ph.D. thesis (1966), introduced a semantics for first-degree entailments utilizing the idea that a sentence can provide positive or negative information about a topic, possibly supplying both or neither. He later published a related interpretation of the logic R-mingle, which turned out to be one of the first relational semantics for a relevance logic. An incompatibility relation between information states lends itself to a definition of negation and it has figured into Dunn's comprehensive investigations into representations of various negations. The informational view of semantics is also a prominent theme in Dunn’s research on other logics, such as quantum logic and linear logic, and led to the encompassing theory of generalized Galois logics (or "gaggles"). Dunn’s latest work addresses informational interpretations of the ternary accessibility relation and the very nature of information. The book opens with Dunn’s autobiography, followed by a list of his publications. It then presents a series of papers written by respected logicians working on different aspects of information-based logics. The topics covered include the logic R-mingle, which was introduced by Dunn, and its applications in mathematical reasoning as well as its importance in obtaining results for other relevance logics. There are also interpretations of the accessibility relation in the semantics of relevance and other non-classical logics using different notions of information. It also presents a collection of papers that develop semantics for various logics, including certain modal and many-valued logics. The publication of this book is well timed, since we are living in an "information age.” Providing new technical findings, intellectual history and careful expositions of intriguing ideas, it appeals to a wide audience of scholars and researchers.
Posted in Philosophy

Deontic Logic and Artificial Normative Systems

8th International Workshop on Deontic Logic in Computer Science, DEON 2006, Utrecht, The Netherlands, July 12-14, 2006, Proceedings

Author: Lou Goble,John-Jules Ch. Meyer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540358420

Category: Computers

Page: 271

View: 4245

This volume presents the papers contributed to DEON 2006, the 8th Inter- tional Workshop on Deontic Logic in Computer Science, held in Utrecht, The Netherlands, July 12–14, 2006. These biennial DEON (more properly, ?EON) workshops are designed to promote international cooperation among scholars across disciplines who are interested in deontic logic and its use in computer science. They support research that links the formal-logical study of normative concepts and normative systems with computer science, arti?cial intelligence, philosophy, organization theory, and law. Papers for these workshops might address such general themes as the dev- opment of formal systems of deontic logic and related areas of logic, such as logics of action and agency, or the formal analysis of all sorts of normative concepts, such as the notions of rule, role, regulation, authority, power, rights, respon- bility, etc. , or the formal representation of legal knowledge. They might also be more concerned with applications, such as the formal speci?cation of systems for the management of bureaucratic processes in public or private administration, or the speci?cation of database integrity constraints or computer security protocols, and more. Of particular interest is the interaction between computer systems and their users. (The DEON 2006 website, http://www. cs. uu. nl/deon2006/,c- tains links to previous workshops and their papers. This history reveals a vibrant interdisciplinary research program.
Posted in Computers

Conceptual Modeling for Advanced Application Domains

ER 2004 Workshops CoMoGIS, CoMWIM, ECDM, CoMoA, DGOV, and eCOMO, Shanghai, China, November 8-12, 2004. Proceedings

Author: Shan Wang,Katsumi Tanaka,Shuigeng Zhou,Tok Wang Ling,Jihong Guan,Dongqing Yang,Fabio Grandi,Eleni Mangina,Il-Yeol Song,Heinrich C. Mayr

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540304665

Category: Computers

Page: 696

View: 1074

Posted in Computers

Truth and Falsehood

An Inquiry into Generalized Logical Values

Author: Yaroslav Shramko,Heinrich Wansing

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400709072

Category: Philosophy

Page: 250

View: 4104

The book presents a thoroughly elaborated logical theory of generalized truth-values understood as subsets of some established set of (basic) truth values. After elucidating the importance of the very notion of a truth value in logic and philosophy, we examine some possible ways of generalizing this notion. The useful four-valued logic of first-degree entailment by Nuel Belnap and the notion of a bilattice (a lattice of truth values with two ordering relations) constitute the basis for further generalizations. By doing so we elaborate the idea of a multilattice, and most notably, a trilattice of truth values – a specific algebraic structure with information ordering and two distinct logical orderings, one for truth and another for falsity. Each logical order not only induces its own logical vocabulary, but determines also its own entailment relation. We consider both semantic and syntactic ways of formalizing these relations and construct various logical calculi.
Posted in Philosophy

Relevant Logic

A Philosophical Interpretation

Author: Edwin D. Mares

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521829236

Category: Philosophy

Page: 229

View: 9329

This book introduces the reader to relevant logic and provides it with a philosophical interpretation. The defining feature of relevant logic is that it forces the premises of an argument to be really used ('relevant') in deriving its conclusion. The logic is placed in the context of possible world semantics and situation semantics, which are then applied to provide an understanding of the various logical particles (especially implication and negation) and natural language conditionals. The book ends by examining various applications of relevant logic and presenting some interesting open problems.
Posted in Philosophy

Scientific and Religious Belief

Author: Paul Weingartner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401108048

Category: Philosophy

Page: 189

View: 8210

Posted in Philosophy

An Introduction to Substructural Logics

Author: Greg Restall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135111316

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

View: 2631

This book introduces an important group of logics that have come to be known under the umbrella term 'susbstructural'. Substructural logics have independently led to significant developments in philosophy, computing and linguistics. An Introduction to Substrucural Logics is the first book to systematically survey the new results and the significant impact that this class of logics has had on a wide range of fields.The following topics are covered: * Proof Theory * Propositional Structures * Frames * Decidability * Coda Both students and professors of philosophy, computing, linguistics, and mathematics will find this to be an important addition to their reading.
Posted in Philosophy

Foundations of Logic and Linguistics

Problems and Their Solutions

Author: Georg Dorn,Paul Weingartner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489905480

Category: Philosophy

Page: 715

View: 8658

This volume comprises a selection of papers that were contributed to the 7th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, which was held in Salzburg from the 11th - 16th July, 1983. There were 14 sections in this congress: 1. proof theory and foundations of mathematics 2. model theory and its applica ti on 3. recursion theory and theory of computation 4. axiomatic set theory 5. philosophical logic 6. general methodology of science 7. foundations of probability and induction 8. foundations and philosophy of the physical sciences 9. foundati ons and phi 1 osophy of biology 10. foundations and philosophy of psychology foundations and philosophy 11. of the social sciences 12. foundati ons and philosophy of linguistics 13. history of logic, methodology and philosophy of science 14. fundamental principles of the ethics of science In each section, three or four invited addresses were given, which will be published in the Congress Proceedings (Ruth Barcan Marcus, Georg J. W. Dorn and Paul Weingartner, eds. : Logic, Metho dology and Philosophy of Science VII. Proceedings of the Seventh International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of v PREFACE Science, Salzburg, 1983. - Amsterdam, New York, Oxford: North-Holland Publishing 'Company, 1985. ) Every section with the exception of section 14 also contained contributed papers.
Posted in Philosophy

The freedom of necessity

Author: John Desmond Bernal

Publisher: Ams Pr Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 437

View: 9827

Posted in Science

Reports on Mathematical Logic

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Logic, Symbolic and mathematical

Page: N.A

View: 5134

Posted in Logic, Symbolic and mathematical

1991 ACM Computer Science Conference

March 5-7, 1991, San Antonio Convention Center, San Antonio, Texas : Proceedings : Preparing for the 21st Century

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Algorithms

Page: 711

View: 4262

Posted in Algorithms

Knowledge-based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems

... International Conference, KES ... : Proceedings

Author: Mircea Gh Negoita,Rajiv Khosla,Vasile Palade,Robert J. Howlett,L. C. Jain

Publisher: Springer Verlag

ISBN: N.A

Category: Electronic apparatus and appliances

Page: N.A

View: 1906

Posted in Electronic apparatus and appliances

Application of Advanced Information Technologies

ITESM Mexico City Campus, March 16-20, 1998, Mexico City

Author: Francisco J. Cantu

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 971

View: 1972

Proceedings -- Miscellaneous.
Posted in Computers

Methodologies for Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining

Third Pacific-Asia Conference, PAKDD'99, Beijing, China, April 26-28, 1999, Proceedings

Author: Ning Zhong,Lizhu Zhou

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783540658665

Category: Computers

Page: 540

View: 4710

This volume contains the papers selected for presentation at the Third Paci?c- Asia Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (PAKDD-99)held in the Xiangshan Hotel, Beijing, China, April 26-28, 1999. The conference was sp- sored by Tsinghua University, National Science Foundation of China, Chinese Computer Federation, Toshiba Corporation, and NEC Software Chugoku, Ltd. PAKDD-99 provided an international forum for the sharing of original research results and practical development experiences among researchers and application developers from di?erent KDD-related areas such as machine lea- ing, databases, statistics, knowledge acquisition, data visualization, knowled- based systems, soft computing, and high performance computing. It followed the success of PAKDD-97 held in Singapore in 1997 and PAKDD-98 held in A- tralia in 1998 by bringing together participants from universities, industry, and government. PAKDD-99 encouraged both new theory/methodologies and real world - plications, and covered broad and diverse topics in data mining and knowledge discovery. The technical sessions included: Association Rules Mining; Feature Selection and Generation; Mining in Semi, Un-structured Data; Interestingness, Surprisingness, and Exceptions; Rough Sets, Fuzzy Logic, and Neural Networks; Induction, Classi?cation, and Clustering; Causal Model and Graph-Based Me- ods; Visualization; Agent-Based, and Distributed Data Mining; Advanced Topics and New Methodologies. Of the 158 submissions, we accepted 29 regular papers and 37 short papers for presentation at the conference and for publication in this volume. In addition, over 20 papers were accepted for poster presentation.
Posted in Computers

Paraconsistent logic

essays on the inconsistent

Author: Graham Priest,Richard Sylvan

Publisher: Philosophia Verlag Gmbh

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 715

View: 556

Posted in Philosophy

Foundations of Mathematical Logic

Author: Haskell Brooks Curry

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486634623

Category: Mathematics

Page: 408

View: 4264

Written by a pioneer of mathematical logic, this comprehensive graduate-level text explores the constructive theory of first-order predicate calculus. It covers formal methods — including algorithms and epitheory — and offers a brief treatment of Markov's approach to algorithms. It also explains elementary facts about lattices and similar algebraic systems. 1963 edition.
Posted in Mathematics