J. Michael Dunn on Information Based Logics

Author: Katalin Bimbo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319293001

Category: Philosophy

Page: 436

View: 6374

This book celebrates and expands on J. Michael Dunn’s work on informational interpretations of logic. Dunn, in his Ph.D. thesis (1966), introduced a semantics for first-degree entailments utilizing the idea that a sentence can provide positive or negative information about a topic, possibly supplying both or neither. He later published a related interpretation of the logic R-mingle, which turned out to be one of the first relational semantics for a relevance logic. An incompatibility relation between information states lends itself to a definition of negation and it has figured into Dunn's comprehensive investigations into representations of various negations. The informational view of semantics is also a prominent theme in Dunn’s research on other logics, such as quantum logic and linear logic, and led to the encompassing theory of generalized Galois logics (or "gaggles"). Dunn’s latest work addresses informational interpretations of the ternary accessibility relation and the very nature of information. The book opens with Dunn’s autobiography, followed by a list of his publications. It then presents a series of papers written by respected logicians working on different aspects of information-based logics. The topics covered include the logic R-mingle, which was introduced by Dunn, and its applications in mathematical reasoning as well as its importance in obtaining results for other relevance logics. There are also interpretations of the accessibility relation in the semantics of relevance and other non-classical logics using different notions of information. It also presents a collection of papers that develop semantics for various logics, including certain modal and many-valued logics. The publication of this book is well timed, since we are living in an "information age.” Providing new technical findings, intellectual history and careful expositions of intriguing ideas, it appeals to a wide audience of scholars and researchers.
Posted in Philosophy

Entailment, Vol. II

The Logic of Relevance and Necessity

Author: Alan Ross Anderson,Nuel D. Belnap Jr.,J. Michael Dunn

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400887070

Category: Philosophy

Page: 778

View: 9315

In spite of a powerful tradition, more than two thousand years old, that in a valid argument the premises must be relevant to the conclusion, twentieth-century logicians neglected the concept of relevance until the publication of Volume I of this monumental work. Since that time relevance logic has achieved an important place in the field of philosophy: Volume II of Entailment brings to a conclusion a powerful and authoritative presentation of the subject by most of the top people working in the area. Originally the aim of Volume II was simply to cover certain topics not treated in the first volume--quantification, for example--or to extend the coverage of certain topics, such as semantics. However, because of the technical progress that has occurred since the publication of the first volume, Volume II now includes other material. The book contains the work of Alasdair Urquhart, who has shown that the principal sentential systems of relevance logic are undecidable, and of Kit Fine, who has demonstrated that, although the first-order systems are incomplete with respect to the conjectured constant domain semantics, they are still complete with respect to a semantics based on "arbitrary objects." Also presented is important work by the other contributing authors, who are Daniel Cohen, Steven Giambrone, Dorothy L. Grover, Anil Gupta, Glen Helman, Errol P. Martin, Michael A. McRobbie, and Stuart Shapiro. Robert G. Wolf's bibliography of 3000 items is a valuable addition to the volume. Originally published in 1992. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
Posted in Philosophy

Conceptual Modeling for Advanced Application Domains

ER 2004 Workshops CoMoGIS, CoMWIM, ECDM, CoMoA, DGOV, and eCOMO, Shanghai, China, November 8-12, 2004. Proceedings

Author: Shan Wang,Katsumi Tanaka,Shuigeng Zhou,Tok Wang Ling,Jihong Guan,Dongqing Yang,Fabio Grandi,Eleni Mangina,Il-Yeol Song,Heinrich C. Mayr

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540304665

Category: Computers

Page: 696

View: 5901

This book constitutes the refereed joint proceedings of six internationl workshops held in conjunction with the 23rd International Conference on Conceptual Modeling, ER 2004, in Shanghai, China in November 2004. The 56 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 163 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on geographical conceptual modeling; spatial storage, indexing, and data consistency; spatial representation and spatial services; spatial queries and retrieval, Web information integration; Web information mining; conceptual models for Web information; Web information systems and Webservices; systems evolution support in conceptual modeling; temporal and evolution aspects in Internat-based information systems; schema evolution and versioning in data management; conceptual modeling of agents; agents applications; digital government systems; digital government technologies; e-business systems requirements engineering; and e-business processes and infrastructure.
Posted in Computers

Deontic Logic and Artificial Normative Systems

8th International Workshop on Deontic Logic in Computer Science, DEON 2006, Utrecht, The Netherlands, July 12-14, 2006, Proceedings

Author: Lou Goble

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540358420

Category: Computers

Page: 271

View: 9845

This volume presents the papers contributed to DEON 2006, the 8th Inter- tional Workshop on Deontic Logic in Computer Science, held in Utrecht, The Netherlands, July 12–14, 2006. These biennial DEON (more properly, ?EON) workshops are designed to promote international cooperation among scholars across disciplines who are interested in deontic logic and its use in computer science. They support research that links the formal-logical study of normative concepts and normative systems with computer science, arti?cial intelligence, philosophy, organization theory, and law. Papers for these workshops might address such general themes as the dev- opment of formal systems of deontic logic and related areas of logic, such as logics of action and agency, or the formal analysis of all sorts of normative concepts, such as the notions of rule, role, regulation, authority, power, rights, respon- bility, etc. , or the formal representation of legal knowledge. They might also be more concerned with applications, such as the formal speci?cation of systems for the management of bureaucratic processes in public or private administration, or the speci?cation of database integrity constraints or computer security protocols, and more. Of particular interest is the interaction between computer systems and their users. (The DEON 2006 website, http://www. cs. uu. nl/deon2006/,c- tains links to previous workshops and their papers. This history reveals a vibrant interdisciplinary research program.
Posted in Computers

Scientific and Religious Belief

Author: P. Weingartner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401108048

Category: Philosophy

Page: 189

View: 726

This book provides new insights into the interrelation between scientific and religious belief. The chapters cover important features of belief in general and discuss distinctive properties between belief, knowledge and acceptance. These properties are considered in relation and comparison to religious belief. Among the contributions are topics such as: the change of scientific belief in relation to the change of our information. Is belief value-free? What are rational reasons (for the justification) of religious hypotheses? What are the important similarities and differences between scientific and religious belief? The different features and aspects are discussed in respect to the great religions of mankind. In addition to the research papers the book contains selections of the discussion which help to clarify interesting details. The book will be of interest to a vast readership among philosophers, theologians and people interested in philosophical questions concerning religion.
Posted in Philosophy

Reports on Mathematical Logic

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Logic, Symbolic and mathematical

Page: N.A

View: 8081

Posted in Logic, Symbolic and mathematical

Knowledge-based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems

... International Conference, KES ... : Proceedings

Author: Mircea Gh Negoita,Rajiv Khosla,Vasile Palade,Robert J. Howlett,L. C. Jain

Publisher: Springer Verlag

ISBN: N.A

Category: Electronic apparatus and appliances

Page: N.A

View: 1055

Posted in Electronic apparatus and appliances

1991 ACM Computer Science Conference

March 5-7, 1991, San Antonio Convention Center, San Antonio, Texas : Proceedings : Preparing for the 21st Century

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Algorithms

Page: 711

View: 3371

Posted in Algorithms

Application of Advanced Information Technologies

ITESM Mexico City Campus, March 16-20, 1998, Mexico City

Author: Francisco J. Cantu

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 971

View: 708

Proceedings -- Miscellaneous.
Posted in Computers

Paraconsistent logic

essays on the inconsistent

Author: Graham Priest,Richard Sylvan

Publisher: Philosophia Verlag Gmbh

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 715

View: 3422

Posted in Philosophy

Collegium Logicum

Annals of the Kurt-Gödel Society

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Automatic theorem proving

Page: N.A

View: 951

Posted in Automatic theorem proving

Computing Anticipatory Systems

CASYS'07 - Eighth International Conference

Author: D. Dubois

Publisher: American Inst. of Physics

ISBN: 9780735405790

Category: Computers

Page: 428

View: 309

These proceedings deal with a selection of papers presented at the 8th International Conference CASYS’07, on COMPUTING ANTICIPATORY SYSTEMS, 6-11 August 2007, held at HEC Management School - University of Liege, Liège, Belgium. The content of these proceedings deals with the most recent Research & Development in the area of theoretical developments and applications in the modelling and computing of anticipation in any fields of natural and artificial systems. A computing anticipatory system is a system that computes its current states in taking into account its past and present states but also its potential future states. Strong anticipation refers to an anticipation of events built by or embedded in a system. Weak anticipation refers to an anticipation of events predicted or forecasted from a model of a system. This volume contains the first invited lecture “Neural Approach to Machine Consciousness”, by Prof. Dr Igor Aleksander, FREng (UK) who received the CHAOS AWARD, and the second invited lecture “Quantum Mechanics, Pattern Recognition, and the Mammalian Brain”, by Dr George Chapline (USA) who received the CASYS AWARD. The peer reviewed papers that received a BEST PAPER AWARD at CASYS’07, and some invited papers are included in these proceedings. Adel F. Antippa (Canada) and Daniel M. Dubois (Belgium) presented the continuation of their original research project on discrete physics with their third fundamental paper “Synchronous Discrete Harmonic Oscillator” that also appears in these proceedings. The interdisciplinary outstanding topics of these proceedings are readable by researchers and scientists with a university background.
Posted in Computers

Methodologies for Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining

Third Pacific-Asia Conference, PAKDD'99, Beijing, China, April 26-28, 1999, Proceedings

Author: Ning Zhong,Lizhu Zhou

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783540658665

Category: Computers

Page: 540

View: 2469

This volume contains the papers selected for presentation at the Third Paci?c- Asia Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (PAKDD-99)held in the Xiangshan Hotel, Beijing, China, April 26-28, 1999. The conference was sp- sored by Tsinghua University, National Science Foundation of China, Chinese Computer Federation, Toshiba Corporation, and NEC Software Chugoku, Ltd. PAKDD-99 provided an international forum for the sharing of original research results and practical development experiences among researchers and application developers from di?erent KDD-related areas such as machine lea- ing, databases, statistics, knowledge acquisition, data visualization, knowled- based systems, soft computing, and high performance computing. It followed the success of PAKDD-97 held in Singapore in 1997 and PAKDD-98 held in A- tralia in 1998 by bringing together participants from universities, industry, and government. PAKDD-99 encouraged both new theory/methodologies and real world - plications, and covered broad and diverse topics in data mining and knowledge discovery. The technical sessions included: Association Rules Mining; Feature Selection and Generation; Mining in Semi, Un-structured Data; Interestingness, Surprisingness, and Exceptions; Rough Sets, Fuzzy Logic, and Neural Networks; Induction, Classi?cation, and Clustering; Causal Model and Graph-Based Me- ods; Visualization; Agent-Based, and Distributed Data Mining; Advanced Topics and New Methodologies. Of the 158 submissions, we accepted 29 regular papers and 37 short papers for presentation at the conference and for publication in this volume. In addition, over 20 papers were accepted for poster presentation.
Posted in Computers

The Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Supplement

Author: Donald M. Borchert

Publisher: Macmillan Reference USA

ISBN: 9780028646299

Category: Philosophy

Page: 775

View: 2344

The 357 articles address areas of thought that were overlooked by the original set or that have developed since the Encyclopedia's publication, and they do it in a precise manner that will allow all readers to fully understand every side of the topic.
Posted in Philosophy

A Treatise on Many-valued Logics

Author: Siegfried Gottwald

Publisher: Research Studies PressLtd

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 604

View: 2938

A growing interest in many-valued logic has developed which to a large extent is based on applications, intended as well as already realised ones. These applications range from the field of computer science, e.g. in the areas of automated theorem proving, approximate reasoning, multi-agent systems, switching theory, and program verification, through the field of pure mathematics, e.g. in independence of consistency proofs, in generalized set theories, or in the theory of particular algebraic structures, into the fields of humanities, linguistics and philosophy.
Posted in Mathematics

Logica Trianguli

Logic in Łódź, Nantes, Santiago de Compostela

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Logic

Page: N.A

View: 4491

Posted in Logic

Formal Methods in the Study of Language

Author: Jeroen A. G. Groenendijk,Theo M. V. Janssen,Martin J. B. Stokhof

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Formal languages

Page: 599

View: 3040

Posted in Formal languages