Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Gerben Bruinsma,David Weisburd

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781461456896

Category: Social Science

Page: 5632

View: 4233

The Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice is an international, comprehensive reference tool for the field of Criminology and Criminal Justice that is both cutting edge as well as of very high scientific quality and prestige. This 10-volume work provides a complete and systematic coverage of the field that is unprecedented. The Encyclopedia "defines the field" through its choice of organization and entries. It identifies and brings emerging ideas and trends to the forefront. The Encyclopedia covers Criminology and Criminal Justice in ten broad areas, with leading researchers writing substantive contributions within their area of expertise: Corrections and Criminal Justice Supervision in the Community Courts, Sentencing and the Judicial System Crimes, Criminals and Victims Crime Places and Situations Explanations for Criminal Behavior Forensic Science Data, Methods, and Statistics Police and Law Enforcement Psychology of Law Social Interventions and Prevention This work features approximately 600 entries, organized in alphabetical order. The work is comprised under the direction of two Editors-in-Chief in consultation with 12 Associate Editors and more than 180 Area Editors. It is an essential and dynamic reference for researchers in the fields of Criminology and Criminal Justice, as well as useful a research tool for those in related fields of the social and behavioral sciences.
Posted in Social Science

Encyclopedia of Criminal Justice Ethics

Author: Bruce A. Arrigo

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483389790

Category: Social Science

Page: 1216

View: 8693

Federal, state, county, and municipal police forces all have their own codes of conduct, yet the ethics of being a police officer remain perplexing and are often difficult to apply in dynamic situations. The police misconduct statistics are staggering and indicate that excessive use of force comprises almost a quarter of misconduct cases, with sexual harassment, fraud/theft, and false arrest being the next most prevalent factors. The ethical issues and dilemmas in criminal justice also reach deep into the legal professions, the structure and administration of justice in society, and the personal characteristics of those in the criminal justice professions. The Encyclopedia of Criminal Justice Ethics includes A to Z entries by experts in the field that explore the scope of ethical decision making and behaviors within the spheres of criminal justice systems, including policing, corrections, courts, forensic science, and policy analysis and research. This two-volume set is available in both print and electronic formats. Features: Entries are authored and signed by experts in the field and conclude with references and further readings, as well as cross references to related entries that guide readers to the next steps in their research journeys. A Reader's Guide groups related entries by broad topic areas and themes, making it easy for readers to quickly identify related entries. A Chronology highlights the development of the field and places material into historical context; a Glossary defines key terms from the fields of law and ethics; and a Resource Guide provides lists of classic books, academic journals, websites and associations focused on criminal justice ethics. Reports and statistics from such sources as the FBI, the United Nations, and the International Criminal Court are included in an appendix. In the electronic version, the Reader's Guide, index, and cross references combine to provide effective search-and-browse capabilities. The Encyclopedia of Criminal Justice Ethics provides a general, non-technical yet comprehensive resource for students who wish to understand the complexities of criminal justice ethics.
Posted in Social Science

African Americans and Criminal Justice: An Encyclopedia

An Encyclopedia

Author: Delores D. Jones-Brown,Beverly D. Frazier,Marvie Brooks

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 031335717X

Category: Social Science

Page: 631

View: 6085

Does justice exist for Blacks in America? This comprehensive compilation of essays documents the historical and contemporary impact of the law and criminal justice system on people of African ancestry in the United States. • 120 A–Z entries on race and criminal justice and famous or infamous African American crime perpetrators or victims • Contributions from more than 50 distinguished scholars from many criminal justice/criminology academic programs across the country • An index of key persons, events, and legislation
Posted in Social Science

Encyclopedia of Criminological Theory

Author: Francis T. Cullen,Pamela Wilcox

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412959187

Category: Social Science

Page: 1176

View: 6287

For a free 30-day online trial to this title, visit www.sagepub.com/freetrial This two-volume set is designed to serve as a reference source for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary criminological theory. Drawing together a team of international scholars, it examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them, presenting them in a context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. The work provides essays on cutting-edge research as well as concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Topics include contexts and concepts in criminological theory, the social construction of crime, policy implications of theory, diversity and intercultural contexts, conflict theory, rational choice theories, conservative criminology, feminist theory, and more. Key ThemesThe Classical School of CriminologyThe Positivist School of CriminologyEarly American Theories of CrimeBiological and Biosocial Theories of CrimePsychological Theories of CrimeThe Chicago School of CriminologyCultural and Learning Theories of CrimeAnomie and Strain Theories of Crime and DevianceControl Theories of CrimeLabeling and Interactionist Theories of CrimeTheories of the Criminal SanctionConflict, Radical, and Critical Theories of CrimeFeminist and Gender-Specific Theories of CrimeChoice and Opportunity Theories of CrimeMacro-Level/ Community Theories of CrimeLife-Course and Developmental Theories of CrimeIntegrated Theories of CrimeTheories of White-Collar and Corporate CrimeContemporary Gang TheoriesTheories of Prison Behavior and InsurgencyTheories of Fear and Concern About Crime
Posted in Social Science

Criminological Theory

Context and Consequences

Author: J. Robert Lilly,Francis T. Cullen,Richard A. Ball

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483321878

Category: Social Science

Page: 568

View: 4373

Offering a rich introduction to how scholars analyze crime, Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences moves readers beyond a commonsense knowledge of crime to a deeper understanding of the importance of theory in shaping crime control policies. The Sixth Edition of the authors’ clear, accessible, and thoroughly revised text covers traditional and contemporary theory within a larger sociological and historical context. J. Robert Lilly, Francis T. Cullen, and Richard A. Ball include new sources that assess the empirical status of the major theories, as well as updated coverage of crime control policies and their connection to criminological theory.
Posted in Social Science

Encyclopedia of crime and justice

Author: Sanford H. Kadish

Publisher: Macmillan Library Reference

ISBN: 9780029181508

Category: Law

Page: 1790

View: 5913

Posted in Law

Encyclopedia of Street Crime in America

Author: Jeffrey Ian Ross

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506320287

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 3049

Anyone living or working in a city has feared or experienced street crime at one time or another; whether it be a mugging, purse snatching, or a more violent crime. In the U.S., street crime has recently hovered near historic lows; hence, the declaration of certain analysts that street life in America has never been safer. But is it really? Street crime has changed over past decades, especially with the advent of surveillance cameras in public places—the territory of the street criminal—but at the same time, criminals have found ways to adapt. This encyclopedic reference focuses primarily on urban lifestyle and its associated crimes, ranging from burglary to drug peddling to murder to new, more sophisticated forms of street crime and scams. This traditional A-to-Z reference has significant coverage of police and courts and other criminal justice sub-disciplines while also featuring thematic articles on the sociology of street crime. Features & Benefits: 175 signed entries within a single volume in print and electronic formats provide in-depth coverage to the topic of street crime in America. Cross-References and Suggestions for Further Readings guide readers to additional resources. Entries are supported by vivid photos and illustrations to better bring the material alive. A thematic Reader's Guide groups related entries by broad topic areas and, within the electronic version, combines with Cross-References and a detailed Index for convenient search-and-browse capabilities. A Chronology provides readers with a historical perspective of street crime in America. Appendices provide sources of data and statistics, annotated to highlight their relevance.
Posted in Social Science

The Encyclopedia of Corrections

Author: Kent R. Kerley

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9781118845424

Category: Social Science

Page: 1184

View: 939

A comprehensive, up-to-date, and authoritative two volume reference work for the fields of corrections and criminal justice featuring over 280 detailed scholarly entries Assembles a global team of experts from within their respective fields under the guidance of Editor-in-Chief Kent R. Kerley Provides comprehensive coverage of key topics in corrections, including history, trends and types of punishment, correctional theory, policy, and law Summarizes the latest theory and practice in major topical areas such as sentencing, community corrections, jails and prisons, special populations, women, juveniles, treatment, prisoner reentry, and the death penalty Brings together cutting-edge examples from criminal justice systems throughout the US and around the world to provide an essential go-to resource for students, scholars, and researchers
Posted in Social Science

Encyclopedia of Women and Crime

Author: Nicole Hahn Rafter

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780816047734

Category: True Crime

Page: 361

View: 2083

Presents a guide to female criminology, covering criminal offenders, policing, court cases, victims and victimology, and key figures in the criminal justice process.
Posted in True Crime

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Criminal Psychology

Author: Robert D. Morgan

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: 9781483392264

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 2976

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Criminal Psychology will be a modern, interdisciplinary product – one that reflects the new research of the day and anticipates the research of tomorrow – aimed at students and professionals interested in the intersection of psychology (e.g., social, forensic, clinical), criminal justice, sociology, and criminology. The interdisciplinary study of human behavior in legal contexts includes numerous topics on criminal behavior, police psychology, crime detection and prevention, eyewitness identification, prison life, offender assessment and rehabilitation, risk assessment and management, offender mental health, community reintegration, and juvenile offending. The study of these topics has been increasing continually since the late 1800s, with people trained in many legal professions such as policing, social work, law, academia, mental health, and corrections. This will be a comprehensive work that will provide the most current empirical information on those topics of greatest concern to students who desire to work in these fields. This encyclopedia will be a unique product on the market because it will be a reference work that looks at criminal behavior primarily through a scientific lens. With over 500 entries the book brings together top empirically driven researchers and clinicians across multiple fields—psychology, criminology, social work, and sociology—to explore the field.
Posted in Psychology

Encyclopedia of Victimology and Crime Prevention

Author: Bonnie S. Fisher,Steven P. Lab

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412960479

Category: Social Science

Page: 1174

View: 1484

Victimology and crime prevention are growing, interrelated areas cutting across several disciplines. Victimology examines victims of all sorts of criminal activity, from domestic abuse, to street violence, to victims in the workplace who lose jobs and pensions due to malfeasance by corporate executives. Crime prevention is an important companion to victimology because it offers insight and techniques to prevent situations that lead to crime and attempts to offer ideas and means for mitigating or minimizing the potential for victimization. .In many ways, the two fields have developed along parallel yet separate paths, and the literature on both has been scattered across disciplines as varied as sociology, law and criminology, public health and medicine, political science and public policy, economics, psychology and human services, and more. The Encyclopedia of Victimology and Crime Prevention provides a comprehensive reference work bringing together such dispersed knowledge as it outlines and discusses the status of victims within the criminal justice system and topics of deterring and preventing victimization in the first place and responding to victims' needs. Two volumes containing approximately 375 signed entries provide users with the most authoritative and comprehensive reference resource available on victimology and crime prevention, both in terms of breadth and depth of coverage. In addition to standard entries, leading scholars in the field have contributed Anchor Essays that, in broad strokes, provide starting points for investigating the more salient victimology and crime prevention topics. A representative sampling of general topic areas covered includes: interpersonal and domestic violence, child maltreatment, and elder abuse; street violence; hate crimes and terrorism; treatment of victims by the media, courts, police, and politicians; community response to crime victims; physical design for crime prevention; victims of nonviolent crimes; deterrence and prevention; helping and counseling crime victims; international and comparative perspectives, and more.
Posted in Social Science

Women and Crime

A Text/Reader

Author: Stacy L. Mallicoat

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412987504

Category: Social Science

Page: 641

View: 3576

Women and Crime: A Text/Reader, part of the text/reader series in criminology and criminal justice, incorporates contemporary and classic readings (some including policy implications) accompanied by student-friendly authored text. This unique format provides a theoretical framework and context for students. The comprehensive coverage of the book includes the history and theories of female offending, offenders and their crimes, processing and sentencing of female offenders, women in prison, women and victimization, women and work in the criminal justice system, juveniles and crime, and international crime. Race and diversity will be an underlying theme throughout the text.
Posted in Social Science

Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment

Author: David Levinson

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761922582

Category: Social Science

Page: 1914

View: 9953

"Authoritative and comprehensive, this multivolume set includes hundreds of articles in the field of criminal justice. Impressive arrays of authors have contributed to this resource, addressing such diverse topics as racial profiling, money laundering, torture, prisoner literature, the KGB, and Sing Sing. Written in an accessible manner and attractively presented, the background discussions, definitions, and explanations of important issues and future trends are absorbing. Interesting sidebars and facts,reference lists, relevant court cases, tables, and black-and-white photographs supplement the entries. Appendixes cover careers in criminal justice, Web resources, and professional organizations. A lengthy bibliography lists relevant works."--"The Best of the Best Reference Sources," American Libraries, May 2003.
Posted in Social Science

Latinos and Criminal Justice: An Encyclopedia

An Encyclopedia

Author: José Luis Morín

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313356610

Category: Social Science

Page: 506

View: 2589

This unique compilation of essays and entries provides critical insights into the Latino/a experience with the U.S. criminal justice system. • Topical essays that provide context to major contemporary issues, such as immigrants and crime, drugs, youth, U.S.-Mexico border crime, policing, and prisons • Shorter, A–Z entries on a wide range of additional topics • Extensive bibliographies identifying further readings in the subject area
Posted in Social Science

Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement

Author: Larry E. Sullivan

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761926496

Category: Social Science

Page: 1508

View: 373

This three-volume Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement provides a comprehensive, critical, and descriptive examination of all facets of law enforcement on the state and local, federal and national, and international stages. This work is a unique reference source that provides readers with informed discussions on the practice and theory of policing in an historical and contemporary framework. The volumes treat subjects that are particular to the area of state and local, federal and national, and international policing. Many of the themes and issues of policing cut across disciplinary borders, however, and several entries provide comparative information that places the subject in context.
Posted in Social Science

The Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: N.A

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780470670286

Category: Social Science

Page: 2760

View: 5298

Comprising over 500 entries on the essential topics within criminology and criminal justice, and available in print and online, this encyclopedia offers a state-of-the-art survey informed by the very latest theory and research. It combines this breadth of coverage with the authority and international perspective of an experienced editorial team, creating a definitive reference resource for students, scholars, and professionals in these interdisciplinary and dynamic fields. Comprehensive: Offers wide-ranging coverage spanning 15 substantive areas within criminology and criminal justice, including criminal law, juvenile justice, education and professionalism, history of crime, and victimization Authoritative: Edited by one of criminology’s leading authorities, and peer reviewed by a team of 14 associate editors, all of whom are renowned in their fields Accessible: Uniquely organized to allow easy searching and cross referencing by keyword, topic, or alphabetical order International: Brings together a global team of contributors from ten countries to offer a uniquely international perspective on topics such as transnational crime Cutting-edge: Combines state-of-the-art coverage of developments in areas such as homeland security and forensic science, with the core topics within criminology and criminal justice Interdisciplinary: Draws on the very latest theory and research from a number of fields, including criminal justice, criminology, sociology, law, security studies, and the psychology of crime, resulting in a valuable resource that will appeal to all those studying or working in related disciplines Multi-format: Publishing simultaneously as a five-volume print set and via Wiley Online Library; visit www.encyclopediaofcriminology.com for further details
Posted in Social Science

Crime and Punishment in America: An Encyclopedia of Trends and Controversies in the Justice System [2 volumes]

Author: Laura L. Finley

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1610699289

Category: Social Science

Page: 743

View: 6269

Covering some of the most hotly contested topics in crime and criminal justice, including proposed sentencing and prison reforms, controversial developments like Stand Your Ground laws, and Supreme Court decisions, this work supplies essential background, current data, and a range of viewpoints on these important issues. • Provides readers with a thorough analysis of the most controversial topics in criminal justice that includes contributions from renowned scholars, activists, victim service providers, and other experts • Addresses current trends and problems in America's criminal justice system • Includes tables, graphs, and charts tracking the most important developments related to crime, sentencing, and the prison system
Posted in Social Science

Encyclopedia of Murder and Violent Crime

Author: Eric W. Hickey

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761924371

Category: Law

Page: 603

View: 2062

Edited by an internationally recognized expert on serial killers, this encyclopedia covers both murder and violent crime in their variant forms. Included are biographies, chronologies, special interest inset boxes, up to 100 photographs, comprehensive article bibliographies, and appendices for items such as famous unsolved cases, celebrity murders, assasinations, original source documents, and online sources for information.
Posted in Law

Encyclopedia of Transnational Crime and Justice

Author: Margaret E. Beare

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412990777

Category: Social Science

Page: 510

View: 7769

Accessible and jargon-free and available in both print and electronic formats, the one-volume Encyclopedia of Transnational Crime and Justice contains a range of up-to-date entries that not only reflect transnational crime, but transnational justice.
Posted in Social Science