Elementary Categories, Elementary Toposes

Author: Colin McLarty

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 9780191589492

Category:

Page: 278

View: 3238

The book covers elementary aspects of category theory and topos theory. It has few mathematical prerequisites, and uses categorical methods throughout rather than beginning with set theoretic foundations. It works with key notions such as cartesian closedness, adjunctions, regular categories, and the internal logic of a topos. Full statements and elementary proofs are given for the central theorems, including the fundamental theorem of toposes, the sheafification theorem, and the construction of Grothendieck toposes over any topos as base. Three chapters discuss applications of toposes in detail, namely to sets, to basic differential geometry, and to recursive analysis. - ;Introduction; PART I: CATEGORIES: Rudimentary structures in a category; Products, equalizers, and their duals; Groups; Sub-objects, pullbacks, and limits; Relations; Cartesian closed categories; Product operators and others; PART II: THE CATEGORY OF CATEGORIES: Functors and categories; Natural transformations; Adjunctions; Slice categories; Mathematical foundations; PART III: TOPOSES: Basics; The internal language; A soundness proof for topos logic; From the internal language to the topos; The fundamental theorem; External semantics; Natural number objects; Categories in a topos; Topologies; PART IV: SOME TOPOSES: Sets; Synthetic differential geometry; The effective topos; Relations in regular categories; Further reading; Bibliography; Index. -
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Elementary Categories, Elementary Toposes

Author: Colin McLarty

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 9780191589492

Category:

Page: 278

View: 1803

The book covers elementary aspects of category theory and topos theory. It has few mathematical prerequisites, and uses categorical methods throughout rather than beginning with set theoretic foundations. It works with key notions such as cartesian closedness, adjunctions, regular categories, and the internal logic of a topos. Full statements and elementary proofs are given for the central theorems, including the fundamental theorem of toposes, the sheafification theorem, and the construction of Grothendieck toposes over any topos as base. Three chapters discuss applications of toposes in detail, namely to sets, to basic differential geometry, and to recursive analysis. - ;Introduction; PART I: CATEGORIES: Rudimentary structures in a category; Products, equalizers, and their duals; Groups; Sub-objects, pullbacks, and limits; Relations; Cartesian closed categories; Product operators and others; PART II: THE CATEGORY OF CATEGORIES: Functors and categories; Natural transformations; Adjunctions; Slice categories; Mathematical foundations; PART III: TOPOSES: Basics; The internal language; A soundness proof for topos logic; From the internal language to the topos; The fundamental theorem; External semantics; Natural number objects; Categories in a topos; Topologies; PART IV: SOME TOPOSES: Sets; Synthetic differential geometry; The effective topos; Relations in regular categories; Further reading; Bibliography; Index. -
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Toposes and Local Set Theories

An Introduction

Author: John L. Bell

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486462862

Category: Mathematics

Page: 267

View: 4908

This text introduces topos theory, a development in category theory that unites important but seemingly diverse notions from algebraic geometry, set theory, and intuitionistic logic. Topics include local set theories, fundamental properties of toposes, sheaves, local-valued sets, and natural and real numbers in local set theories. 1988 edition.
Posted in Mathematics

Category Theory

Author: Steve Awodey

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191612553

Category: Philosophy

Page: 328

View: 4519

Category theory is a branch of abstract algebra with incredibly diverse applications. This text and reference book is aimed not only at mathematicians, but also researchers and students of computer science, logic, linguistics, cognitive science, philosophy, and any of the other fields in which the ideas are being applied. Containing clear definitions of the essential concepts, illuminated with numerous accessible examples, and providing full proofs of all important propositions and theorems, this book aims to make the basic ideas, theorems, and methods of category theory understandable to this broad readership. Although assuming few mathematical pre-requisites, the standard of mathematical rigour is not compromised. The material covered includes the standard core of categories; functors; natural transformations; equivalence; limits and colimits; functor categories; representables; Yoneda's lemma; adjoints; monads. An extra topic of cartesian closed categories and the lambda-calculus is also provided - a must for computer scientists, logicians and linguists! This Second Edition contains numerous revisions to the original text, including expanding the exposition, revising and elaborating the proofs, providing additional diagrams, correcting typographical errors and, finally, adding an entirely new section on monoidal categories. Nearly a hundred new exercises have also been added, many with solutions, to make the book more useful as a course text and for self-study.
Posted in Philosophy

Sketches of an Elephant: A Topos Theory Compendium

Author: P. T. Johnstone

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198515982

Category: Mathematics

Page: 716

View: 2597

Topos Theory is an important branch of mathematical logic of interest to theoretical computer scientists, logicians and philosophers who study the foundations of mathematics, and to those working in differential geometry and continuum physics. This compendium contains material that was previously available only in specialist journals. This is likely to become the standard reference work for all those interested in the subject.
Posted in Mathematics

Topos Theory

Author: P.T. Johnstone

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486493369

Category: Mathematics

Page: 400

View: 1374

Focusing on topos theory's integration of geometric and logical ideas into the foundations of mathematics and theoretical computer science, this volume explores internal category theory, topologies and sheaves, geometric morphisms, and other subjects. 1977 edition.
Posted in Mathematics

Synthetic Differential Topology

Author: Marta Bunge,Felipe Gago,Ana María San Luis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108692206

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 977

This book formally introduces synthetic differential topology, a natural extension of the theory of synthetic differential geometry which captures classical concepts of differential geometry and topology by means of the rich categorical structure of a necessarily non-Boolean topos and of the systematic use of logical infinitesimal objects in it. Beginning with an introduction to those parts of topos theory and synthetic differential geometry necessary for the remainder, this clear and comprehensive text covers the general theory of synthetic differential topology and several applications of it to classical mathematics, including the calculus of variations, Mather's theorem, and Morse theory on the classification of singularities. The book represents the state of the art in synthetic differential topology and will be of interest to researchers in topos theory and to mathematicians interested in the categorical foundations of differential geometry and topology.
Posted in Mathematics

An Introduction to Category Theory

Author: Harold Simmons

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139503324

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 9365

Category theory provides a general conceptual framework that has proved fruitful in subjects as diverse as geometry, topology, theoretical computer science and foundational mathematics. Here is a friendly, easy-to-read textbook that explains the fundamentals at a level suitable for newcomers to the subject. Beginning postgraduate mathematicians will find this book an excellent introduction to all of the basics of category theory. It gives the basic definitions; goes through the various associated gadgetry, such as functors, natural transformations, limits and colimits; and then explains adjunctions. The material is slowly developed using many examples and illustrations to illuminate the concepts explained. Over 200 exercises, with solutions available online, help the reader to access the subject and make the book ideal for self-study. It can also be used as a recommended text for a taught introductory course.
Posted in Mathematics

Conceptual Mathematics

A First Introduction to Categories

Author: F. William Lawvere,Stephen H. Schanuel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521894859

Category: Mathematics

Page: 390

View: 7349

In the last 60 years, the use of the notion of category has led to a remarkable unification and simplification of mathematics. Conceptual Mathematics introduces this tool for the learning, development, and use of mathematics, to beginning students and also to practising mathematical scientists. This book provides a skeleton key that makes explicit some concepts and procedures that are common to all branches of pure and applied mathematics. The treatment does not presuppose knowledge of specific fields, but rather develops, from basic definitions, such elementary categories as discrete dynamical systems and directed graphs; the fundamental ideas are then illuminated by examples in these categories. This second edition provides links with more advanced topics of possible study. In the new appendices and annotated bibliography the reader will find concise introductions to adjoint functors and geometrical structures, as well as sketches of relevant historical developments.
Posted in Mathematics

Mathematical Reviews

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 9595

Posted in Mathematics

Abstract and Concrete Categories

The Joy of Cats

Author: Jiri Adamek,Jiří Adámek (ing.),Horst Herrlich,George E. Strecker

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780486469348

Category: Mathematics

Page: 517

View: 6414

This up-to-date introductory treatment employs the language of category theory to explore the theory of structures. Its unique approach stresses concrete categories, and each categorical notion features several examples that clearly illustrate specific and general cases. A systematic view of factorization structures, this volume contains seven chapters. The first five focus on basic theory, and the final two explore more recent research results in the realm of concrete categories, cartesian closed categories, and quasitopoi. Suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, it requires an elementary knowledge of set theory and can be used as a reference as well as a text. Updated by the authors in 2004, it offers a unifying perspective on earlier work and summarizes recent developments.
Posted in Mathematics

Categories for the Working Philosopher

Author: Elaine Landry

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019874899X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 528

View: 858

This is the first volume on category theory for a broad philosophical readership. It is designed to show the interest and significance of category theory for a range of philosophical interests: mathematics, proof theory, computation, cognition, scientific modelling, physics, ontology, the structure of the world. Each chapter is written by either a category-theorist or a philosopher working in one of the represented areas, in an accessible waythat builds on the concepts that are already familiar to philosophers working in these areas.
Posted in Mathematics

Categorical Logic

Author: Andrew M. Pitts

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Logic, Symbolic and mathematical

Page: 94

View: 7271

Abstract: "This document provides an introduction to the interaction between category theory and mathematical logic which is slanted towards computer scientists."
Posted in Logic, Symbolic and mathematical

Actes

Proceedings

Author: International Association for Cybernetics

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

View: 6835

Posted in Computers

Algebraic Set Theory

Author: Andri Joyal,Ieke Moerdijk

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521558303

Category: Mathematics

Page: 123

View: 8380

This book offers a new algebraic approach to set theory. The authors introduce a particular kind of algebra, the Zermelo-Fraenkel algebras, which arise from the familiar axioms of Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory. Furthermore, the authors explicitly construct these algebras using the theory of bisimulations. Their approach is completely constructive, and contains both intuitionistic set theory and topos theory. In particular it provides a uniform description of various constructions of the cumulative hierarchy of sets in forcing models, sheaf models and realizability models. Graduate students and researchers in mathematical logic, category theory and computer science should find this book of great interest, and it should be accessible to anyone with a background in categorical logic.
Posted in Mathematics

Merging HOL with Set Theory

Preliminary Experiments

Author: Michael J. C. Gordon

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematical statistics

Page: 40

View: 4239

Abstract: "Set theory is the standard foundation for mathematics, but the majority of general purpose mechanized proof assistants support versions of type theory (higher order logic). Examples include Alf, Automath, Coq, Ehdm, HOL, IMPS, Lambda, LEGO, Nuprl, PVS and Veritas. For many applications type theory works well and provides, for specification, the benefits of type-checking that are well-known in programming. However, there are areas where types get in the way or seem unmotivated. Furthermore, most people with a scientific or engineering background already know set theory, whereas type theory may appear inaccessable [sic] and so be an obstacle to the uptake of proof assistants based on it. This paper describes some experiments (using HOL) in combining set theory and type theory; the aim is to get the best of both worlds in a single system. Three approaches have been tried, all based on an axiomatically specified type V of ZF-like sets: (i) HOL is used without any additions besides V; (ii) an embedding of the HOL logic into V is provided; (iii) HOL axiomatic theories are not automatically translated into set-theoretic definitional theories. These approaches are illustrated with two examples: the construction of lists and a simple lemma in group theory."
Posted in Mathematical statistics

An Introduction to the Language of Category Theory

Author: Steven Roman

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 331941917X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 169

View: 6540

This textbook provides an introduction to elementary category theory, with the aim of making what can be a confusing and sometimes overwhelming subject more accessible. In writing about this challenging subject, the author has brought to bear all of the experience he has gained in authoring over 30 books in university-level mathematics. The goal of this book is to present the five major ideas of category theory: categories, functors, natural transformations, universality, and adjoints in as friendly and relaxed a manner as possible while at the same time not sacrificing rigor. These topics are developed in a straightforward, step-by-step manner and are accompanied by numerous examples and exercises, most of which are drawn from abstract algebra. The first chapter of the book introduces the definitions of category and functor and discusses diagrams,duality, initial and terminal objects, special types of morphisms, and some special types of categories,particularly comma categories and hom-set categories. Chapter 2 is devoted to functors and naturaltransformations, concluding with Yoneda's lemma. Chapter 3 presents the concept of universality and Chapter 4 continues this discussion by exploring cones, limits, and the most common categorical constructions – products, equalizers, pullbacks and exponentials (along with their dual constructions). The chapter concludes with a theorem on the existence of limits. Finally, Chapter 5 covers adjoints and adjunctions. Graduate and advanced undergraduates students in mathematics, computer science, physics, or related fields who need to know or use category theory in their work will find An Introduction to Category Theory to be a concise and accessible resource. It will be particularly useful for those looking for a more elementary treatment of the topic before tackling more advanced texts.
Posted in Mathematics

Higher Topos Theory (AM-170)

Author: Jacob Lurie

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400830559

Category: Mathematics

Page: 944

View: 389

Higher category theory is generally regarded as technical and forbidding, but part of it is considerably more tractable: the theory of infinity-categories, higher categories in which all higher morphisms are assumed to be invertible. In Higher Topos Theory, Jacob Lurie presents the foundations of this theory, using the language of weak Kan complexes introduced by Boardman and Vogt, and shows how existing theorems in algebraic topology can be reformulated and generalized in the theory's new language. The result is a powerful theory with applications in many areas of mathematics. The book's first five chapters give an exposition of the theory of infinity-categories that emphasizes their role as a generalization of ordinary categories. Many of the fundamental ideas from classical category theory are generalized to the infinity-categorical setting, such as limits and colimits, adjoint functors, ind-objects and pro-objects, locally accessible and presentable categories, Grothendieck fibrations, presheaves, and Yoneda's lemma. A sixth chapter presents an infinity-categorical version of the theory of Grothendieck topoi, introducing the notion of an infinity-topos, an infinity-category that resembles the infinity-category of topological spaces in the sense that it satisfies certain axioms that codify some of the basic principles of algebraic topology. A seventh and final chapter presents applications that illustrate connections between the theory of higher topoi and ideas from classical topology.
Posted in Mathematics

Algebra of Programming

Author: Richard Bird,Oege de Moor

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780135072455

Category: Computers

Page: 295

View: 5232

Describes an algebraic approach to programming that permits the calculation of programs. Introduces the fundamentals of algebra for programming. Presents paradigms and strategies of program construction that form the core of Algorithm Design. Discusses functions and categories; applications; relations and allegories; datatypes; recursive programs, optimization issues, thinning algorithms, dynamic programming and greedy algorithms. Appropriate for all programmers.
Posted in Computers